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authorCeri Davies <ceri@FreeBSD.org>2003-10-17 17:33:38 +0000
committerCeri Davies <ceri@FreeBSD.org>2003-10-17 17:33:38 +0000
commita2d61eb86a3d449a0301b295b8c316a18d0b430d (patch)
tree4497e2c55f58469c99d88c5ccd411d362bfeb1c5
parent15c1c173f0a7ccef6b55796cb0839b2b27cd7f7a (diff)
downloaddoc-a2d61eb86a3d449a0301b295b8c316a18d0b430d.tar.gz
doc-a2d61eb86a3d449a0301b295b8c316a18d0b430d.zip
Round one of updates: style fixes.
PR: docs/53420 Submitted by: linimon
Notes
Notes: svn path=/head/; revision=18471
-rw-r--r--en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/book.sgml128
1 files changed, 64 insertions, 64 deletions
diff --git a/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/book.sgml b/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/book.sgml
index b6f51ca96d..44049d3c67 100644
--- a/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/book.sgml
+++ b/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/book.sgml
@@ -69,8 +69,8 @@
This file uses a non-standard tab setting.
<application>Emacs</application> and
<application>Vim</application> should recognize the setting on
- loading the file. Both <command>vi</command> and
- <command>ex</command> can be set to use the correct value by
+ loading the file. Both &man.vi.1; and
+ &man.ex.1; can be set to use the correct value by
typing <command>:set tabstop=4</command> once the file has been
loaded.</para>
</note>
@@ -472,7 +472,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
actions are done.</para>
<para>For example, if you have a <maketarget>post-extract</maketarget>
- target defined in your Makefile, and a file
+ target defined in your <filename>Makefile</filename>, and a file
<filename>pre-build</filename> in the <filename>scripts</filename>
subdirectory, the <maketarget>post-extract</maketarget> target will
be called after the regular extraction actions, and the
@@ -583,8 +583,8 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
<title>Patching</title>
<para>In the preparation of the port, files that have been added or
- changed can be picked up with a recursive diff for later feeding to
- patch. Each set of patches you wish to apply should be collected
+ changed can be picked up with a recursive &man.diff.1; for later feeding to
+ &man.patch.1;. Each set of patches you wish to apply should be collected
into a file named
<filename>patch-<replaceable>*</replaceable></filename> where
<replaceable>*</replaceable> denotes the sequence in which the
@@ -611,10 +611,10 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
<literal>&dollar;RCS</literal>.</para>
<para>Using the recurse (<option>-r</option>) option to
- <command>diff</command> to generate patches is fine, but please take
+ &man.diff.1; to generate patches is fine, but please take
a look at the resulting patches to make sure you do not have any
unnecessary junk in there. In particular, diffs between two backup
- files, <filename>Makefiles</filename> when the port uses
+ files, <filename>Makefile</filename>s when the port uses
<command>Imake</command> or GNU <command>configure</command>, etc.,
are unnecessary and should be deleted. If you had to edit
<filename>configure.in</filename> and run
@@ -645,7 +645,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
<title>Handling user input</title>
<para>If your port requires user input to build, configure, or install,
- then set <makevar>IS_INTERACTIVE</makevar> in your Makefile. This
+ then set <makevar>IS_INTERACTIVE</makevar> in your <filename>Makefile</filename>. This
will allow <quote>overnight builds</quote> to skip your port if the
user sets the variable <envar>BATCH</envar> in his environment (and
if the user sets the variable <envar>INTERACTIVE</envar>, then
@@ -663,7 +663,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
<chapter id="makefile">
<title>Configuring the Makefile</title>
- <para>Configuring the Makefile is pretty simple, and again we suggest
+ <para>Configuring the <filename>Makefile</filename> is pretty simple, and again we suggest
that you look at existing examples before starting. Also, there is a
<link linkend="porting-samplem">sample Makefile</link> in this
handbook, so take a look and please follow the ordering of variables
@@ -671,7 +671,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
read.</para>
<para>Now, consider the following problems in sequence as you design
- your new Makefile:</para>
+ your new <filename>Makefile</filename>:</para>
<sect1 id="makefile-source">
<title>The original source</title>
@@ -728,7 +728,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
affects the content or structure of the derived
package.</para>
- <para>Examples of when PORTREVISION should be bumped:</para>
+ <para>Examples of when <makevar>PORTREVISION</makevar> should be bumped:</para>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
@@ -738,7 +738,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
</listitem>
<listitem>
- <para>Changes to the port makefile to enable or disable
+ <para>Changes to the port <filename>Makefile</filename> to enable or disable
compile-time options in the package.</para>
</listitem>
@@ -810,7 +810,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
enhancement, fix, or by virtue that the new package will
actually work for them). If yes, the
<makevar>PORTREVISION</makevar> should be bumped so that
- automated tools (e.g. <command>pkg_version</command>)
+ automated tools (e.g. &man.pkg.version.1;)
will highlight the fact that a new package is
available.</para>
</sect3>
@@ -864,8 +864,8 @@ lib/X11/oneko/mouse.xpm
<title>Example of <makevar>PORTREVISION</makevar> and
<makevar>PORTEPOCH</makevar> usage</title>
- <para>The gtkmumble port, version 0.10, is committed to the
- ports collection.</para>
+ <para>The <literal>gtkmumble</literal> port, version <literal>0.10</literal>, is committed to the
+ ports collection:</para>
<programlisting>PORTNAME= gtkmumble
PORTVERSION= 0.10</programlisting>
@@ -895,7 +895,7 @@ PORTREVISION= 1</programlisting>
force the new package to be detected as <quote>newer</quote>. Since it
is a new vendor release of the code,
<makevar>PORTREVISION</makevar> is reset to 0 (or removed
- from the makefile).</para>
+ from the <filename>Makefile</filename>).</para>
<programlisting>PORTNAME= gtkmumble
PORTVERSION= 0.2
@@ -918,8 +918,8 @@ PORTEPOCH= 1</programlisting>
<note>
<para>If <makevar>PORTEPOCH</makevar> were reset
to <literal>0</literal> with this upgrade, someone who had
- installed the gtkmumble-0.10_1 package would not detect
- the gtkmumble-0.3 package as newer, since
+ installed the <literal>gtkmumble-0.10_1</literal> package would not detect
+ the <literal>gtkmumble-0.3</literal> package as newer, since
<literal>3</literal> is still numerically less than
<literal>10</literal>.</para>
</note>
@@ -941,7 +941,7 @@ PORTEPOCH= 1</programlisting>
hyphen (<literal>-</literal>) in
<makevar>PORTVERSION</makevar>. Also, if the package name
has the <replaceable>language-</replaceable> or the
- <replaceable>compiled.specifics</replaceable> part, use
+ <replaceable>-compiled.specifics</replaceable> part, use
<makevar>PKGNAMEPREFIX</makevar> and
<makevar>PKGNAMESUFFIX</makevar>, respectively. Do not make
them part of <makevar>PORTNAME</makevar>.</para>
@@ -987,7 +987,7 @@ PORTEPOCH= 1</programlisting>
should be lowercase. (The rest of the name can contain
capital letters, so use your own discretion when you are
converting a software name that has some capital letters in it.)
- There is a tradition of naming Perl 5 modules by
+ There is a tradition of naming <literal>perl 5</literal> modules by
prepending <literal>p5-</literal> and converting the double-colon
separator to a hyphen; for example, the
<literal>Data::Dumper</literal> module becomes
@@ -1004,7 +1004,7 @@ PORTEPOCH= 1</programlisting>
the compiled-in defaults (the hyphen is optional). Examples are
papersize and font units.</para>
- <para>The <replaceable>compiled.specifics</replaceable> part
+ <para>The <replaceable>-compiled.specifics</replaceable> part
should be set in the <makevar>PKGNAMESUFFIX</makevar>
variable.</para>
</listitem>
@@ -1182,7 +1182,7 @@ PORTEPOCH= 1</programlisting>
<para>If there is absolutely no trace of version information in the
original source and it is unlikely that the original author will ever
release another version, just set the version string to
- <literal>1.0</literal> (like the piewm example above). Otherwise, ask
+ <literal>1.0</literal> (like the <literal>piewm</literal> example above). Otherwise, ask
the original author or use the date string
(<literal><replaceable>yyyy</replaceable>.<replaceable>mm</replaceable>.<replaceable>dd</replaceable></literal>)
as the version.</para>
@@ -1500,7 +1500,7 @@ PORTEPOCH= 1</programlisting>
<row>
<entry><filename>perl5*</filename></entry>
- <entry>Ports that require perl version 5 to run.</entry>
+ <entry>Ports that require <literal>perl</literal> version 5 to run.</entry>
</row>
<row>
@@ -1641,7 +1641,7 @@ PORTEPOCH= 1</programlisting>
<row>
<entry><filename>windowmaker*</filename></entry>
<entry>Ports to support the WindowMaker window
- manager</entry>
+ manager.</entry>
</row>
<row>
@@ -2608,7 +2608,7 @@ PATCHFILES= patch1:test</programlisting>
<note>
<para>This does not affect the <makevar>MASTER_SITES</makevar> you
- define in your Makefile.</para>
+ define in your <filename>Makefile</filename>.</para>
</note>
</sect2>
</sect1>
@@ -2680,7 +2680,7 @@ PATCHFILES= patch1:test</programlisting>
<maketarget>extract</maketarget> target and then from within the
<maketarget>install</maketarget> target. Also, the name of the
dependency is put into the package so that
- <command>pkg_add</command> will automatically install it if it is
+ &man.pkg.add.1; will automatically install it if it is
not on the user's system.</para>
</sect2>
@@ -2725,7 +2725,7 @@ PATCHFILES= patch1:test</programlisting>
<para>The dependency is checked from within the
<maketarget>install</maketarget> target. Also, the name of the
dependency is put into the package so that
- <command>pkg_add</command> will automatically install it if it is
+ &man.pkg.add.1; will automatically install it if it is
not on the user's system. The <replaceable>target</replaceable>
part can be omitted if it is the same as
<makevar>DEPENDS_TARGET</makevar>.</para>
@@ -2829,9 +2829,9 @@ PATCHFILES= patch1:test</programlisting>
<row>
<entry><makevar>USE_PERL5</makevar></entry>
- <entry>The port requires Perl 5 to build and install. See
+ <entry>The port requires <literal>perl 5</literal> to build and install. See
<xref linkend="using-perl"> for additional variables that
- can be set relating to Perl.</entry>
+ can be set relating to <literal>perl</literal>.</entry>
</row>
<row>
@@ -2903,8 +2903,8 @@ PATCHFILES= patch1:test</programlisting>
GNU autoconf to be run. Define <literal>USE_QT=yes</literal> if
your port uses the latest qt toolkit. Use
<literal>USE_PERL5=yes</literal> if your port requires version 5
- of the perl language. (The last is especially important since
- some versions of FreeBSD have perl5 as part of the base system
+ of the <literal>perl</literal> language. (The last is especially important since
+ some versions of FreeBSD have <literal>perl5</literal> as part of the base system
while others do not.)</para>
</sect2>
@@ -2935,7 +2935,7 @@ PATCHFILES= patch1:test</programlisting>
<programlisting>BUILD_DEPENDS= ${NONEXISTENT}:${PORTSDIR}/graphics/jpeg:extract</programlisting>
- will always descend to the JPEG port and extract it.</para>
+ will always descend to the <literal>jpeg</literal> port and extract it.</para>
<para>Do not use <makevar>DEPENDS</makevar> unless there is no other
way the behavior you want can be accomplished. It will cause the
@@ -3219,10 +3219,10 @@ LDCONFIG_DIRS= %%PREFIX%%/lib/foo %%PREFIX%%/lib/bar</programlisting>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="using-perl">
- <title>Using Perl</title>
+ <title>Using <literal>perl</literal></title>
<table frame="none">
- <title>Variables for ports that use Perl</title>
+ <title>Variables for ports that use <literal>perl</literal></title>
<tgroup cols="2">
<thead>
@@ -3237,7 +3237,7 @@ LDCONFIG_DIRS= %%PREFIX%%/lib/foo %%PREFIX%%/lib/bar</programlisting>
<row>
<entry><makevar>USE_PERL5</makevar></entry>
- <entry>Says that the port uses Perl 5 to build and run.</entry>
+ <entry>Says that the port uses <literal>perl 5</literal> to build and run.</entry>
</row>
<row>
@@ -3260,28 +3260,28 @@ LDCONFIG_DIRS= %%PREFIX%%/lib/foo %%PREFIX%%/lib/bar</programlisting>
<row>
<entry><makevar>PERL_VERSION</makevar></entry>
- <entry>The full version of Perl installed (e.g.,
+ <entry>The full version of <literal>perl</literal> installed (e.g.,
<literal>5.00503</literal>).</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry><makevar>PERL_VER</makevar></entry>
- <entry>The short version of Perl installed (e.g.,
+ <entry>The short version of <literal>perl</literal> installed (e.g.,
<literal>5.005</literal>).</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry><makevar>PERL_LEVEL</makevar></entry>
- <entry>The installed Perl version as an integer of the form MNNNPP
+ <entry>The installed <literal>perl</literal> version as an integer of the form <literal>MNNNPP</literal>
(e.g., <literal>500503</literal>).</entry>
</row>
<row>
<entry><makevar>PERL_ARCH</makevar></entry>
- <entry>Where Perl stores architecture dependent libraries.
+ <entry>Where <literal>perl</literal> stores architecture dependent libraries.
Defaults to <literal>${ARCH}-freebsd</literal>.</entry>
</row>
</tbody>
@@ -3751,7 +3751,7 @@ LDCONFIG_DIRS= %%PREFIX%%/lib/foo %%PREFIX%%/lib/bar</programlisting>
<sect1>
<title><makevar>LIB_DEPENDS</makevar></title>
- <para>All port Makefiles are edited to remove minor numbers from
+ <para>All port <filename>Makefile</filename>s are edited to remove minor numbers from
<makevar>LIB_DEPENDS</makevar>, and also to have the regexp support
removed. (E.g., <literal>foo\\.1\\.\\(33|40\\)</literal> becomes
<literal>foo.2</literal>.) They will be matched using <command>grep
@@ -3782,7 +3782,7 @@ LDCONFIG_DIRS= %%PREFIX%%/lib/foo %%PREFIX%%/lib/bar</programlisting>
<sect1>
<title><literal>ldconfig</literal></title>
- <para>The <literal>ldconfig</literal> line in Makefiles should
+ <para>The <literal>ldconfig</literal> line in <filename>Makefile</filename>s should
read:</para>
<programlisting>${SETENV} OBJFORMAT=${PORTOBJFORMAT} ${LDCONFIG} -m ....</programlisting>
@@ -3809,7 +3809,7 @@ LDCONFIG_DIRS= %%PREFIX%%/lib/foo %%PREFIX%%/lib/bar</programlisting>
make it easier for users to see what to do, but try to share as many
files as possible between ports. Typically you only need a very short
<filename>Makefile</filename> in all but one of the directories if you
- use variables cleverly. In the sole <filename>Makefiles</filename>,
+ use variables cleverly. In the sole <filename>Makefile</filename>,
you can use <makevar>MASTERDIR</makevar> to specify the directory
where the rest of the files are. Also, use a variable as part of
<link linkend="porting-pkgname"><makevar>PKGNAMESUFFIX</makevar></link> so
@@ -3932,7 +3932,7 @@ MASTERDIR= ${.CURDIR}/../xdvi300
<para>If your port anchors its man tree somewhere other than
<makevar>PREFIX</makevar>, you can use the
<makevar>MANPREFIX</makevar> to set it. Also, if only manpages in
- certain sections go in a non-standard place, such as some Perl modules
+ certain sections go in a non-standard place, such as some <literal>perl</literal> modules
ports, you can set individual man paths using
<makevar>MAN<replaceable>sect</replaceable>PREFIX</makevar> (where
<replaceable>sect</replaceable> is one of <literal>1-9</literal>,
@@ -3986,7 +3986,7 @@ ${PREFIX}/man/ja/man4/baz.4.gz</programlisting>
<title><makevar>USE_MOTIF</makevar></title>
<para>If your port requires Motif, define this variable in the
- Makefile. This will prevent people who do not own a copy of Motif
+ <filename>Makefile</filename>. This will prevent people who do not own a copy of Motif
from even attempting to build it.</para>
</sect1>
@@ -4059,7 +4059,7 @@ ${PREFIX}/man/ja/man4/baz.4.gz</programlisting>
<para>If you need to display a message to the installer, you may place
the message in <filename>pkg-message</filename>. This capability is
often useful to display additional installation steps to be taken
- after a <command>pkg_add</command> or to display licensing
+ after a &man.pkg.add.1; or to display licensing
information.</para>
<note>
@@ -4075,10 +4075,10 @@ ${PREFIX}/man/ja/man4/baz.4.gz</programlisting>
<title><filename>pkg-install</filename></title>
<para>If your port needs to execute commands when the binary package
- is installed with <command>pkg_add</command> you can do this via the
+ is installed with &man.pkg.add.1; you can do this via the
<filename>pkg-install</filename> script. This script will
automatically be added to the package, and will be run twice by
- <command>pkg_add</command>. The first time as
+ &man.pkg.add.1;. The first time as
<literal>&dollar;{SH} pkg-install &dollar;{PKGNAME}
PRE-INSTALL</literal> and the second time as
<literal>&dollar;{SH} pkg-install &dollar;{PKGNAME} POST-INSTALL</literal>.
@@ -4119,7 +4119,7 @@ ${PREFIX}/man/ja/man4/baz.4.gz</programlisting>
installation/deinstallation should proceed.</para>
<para>The script will be run at installation time by
- <command>pkg_add</command> as
+ &man.pkg.add.1; as
<literal>pkg-req &dollar;{PKGNAME} INSTALL</literal>.
At deinstallation time it will be run by
&man.pkg.delete.1; as
@@ -4130,17 +4130,17 @@ ${PREFIX}/man/ja/man4/baz.4.gz</programlisting>
<title>Changing <filename>pkg-plist</filename> based on make
variables</title>
- <para>Some ports, particularly the p5- ports, need to change their
+ <para>Some ports, particularly the <literal>p5-</literal> ports, need to change their
<filename>pkg-plist</filename> depending on what options they are
- configured with (or version of perl, in the case of p5- ports). To
+ configured with (or version of <literal>perl</literal>, in the case of <literal>p5-</literal> ports). To
make this easy, any instances in the <filename>pkg-plist</filename> of
<literal>%%OSREL%%</literal>, <literal>%%PERL_VER%%</literal>, and
<literal>%%PERL_VERSION%%</literal> will be substituted for
appropriately. The value of <literal>%%OSREL%%</literal> is the
numeric revision of the operating system (e.g.,
<literal>2.2.7</literal>). <literal>%%PERL_VERSION%%</literal> is
- the full version number of perl (e.g., <literal>5.00502</literal>)
- and <literal>%%PERL_VER%%</literal> is the perl version number minus
+ the full version number of <literal>perl</literal> (e.g., <literal>5.00502</literal>)
+ and <literal>%%PERL_VER%%</literal> is the <literal>perl</literal> version number minus
the patchlevel (e.g., <literal>5.005</literal>).</para>
<para>If you need to make other substitutions, you can set the
@@ -4280,7 +4280,7 @@ PLIST_SUB= OCTAVE_VERSION=${OCTAVE_VERSION}</programlisting>
automatic; otherwise, this can often be done by simply replacing the
occurrences of <filename>/usr/local</filename> (or
<filename>/usr/X11R6</filename> for X ports that do not use imake)
- in the various scripts/Makefiles in the port to read
+ in the various <filename>scripts/Makefile</filename>s in the port to read
<makevar>PREFIX</makevar>, as this variable is automatically passed
down to every stage of the build and install processes.</para>
@@ -4308,7 +4308,7 @@ PLIST_SUB= OCTAVE_VERSION=${OCTAVE_VERSION}</programlisting>
<para>The variable <makevar>PREFIX</makevar> can be reassigned in your
<filename>Makefile</filename> or in the user's environment.
However, it is strongly discouraged for individual ports to set this
- variable explicitly in the <filename>Makefiles</filename>.</para>
+ variable explicitly in the <filename>Makefile</filename>s.</para>
<para>Also, refer to programs/files from other ports with the
variables mentioned above, not explicit pathnames. For instance, if
@@ -4324,7 +4324,7 @@ PLIST_SUB= OCTAVE_VERSION=${OCTAVE_VERSION}</programlisting>
if this is an X port, instead of
<literal>-DPAGER=\"/usr/local/bin/less\"</literal>. This way it will
have a better chance of working if the system administrator has
- moved the whole `/usr/local' tree somewhere else.</para>
+ moved the whole <filename>/usr/local</filename> tree somewhere else.</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="testing-freshports">
@@ -4337,11 +4337,11 @@ PLIST_SUB= OCTAVE_VERSION=${OCTAVE_VERSION}</programlisting>
testing of your commits.</para>
<para>If you wish to use this service, all you need is a FreshPorts
- account. If your registered email address is @FreeBSD.org,
+ account. If your registered email address is <literal>@FreeBSD.org</literal>,
you'll see the opt-in link on the right hand side of the webpages.
For those of you who already have a FreshPorts account, but are not
- using your @FreeBSD.org email address, just change your email to
- @FreeBSD.org, subscribe, then change it back again.</para>
+ using your <literal>@FreeBSD.org</literal> email address, just change your email to
+ <literal>@FreeBSD.org</literal>, subscribe, then change it back again.</para>
</sect1>
</chapter>
@@ -5597,8 +5597,8 @@ PLIST_SUB= OCTAVE_VERSION=${OCTAVE_VERSION}</programlisting>
<note>
<para>You need to include either the
- <filename>pre.mk</filename>/<filename>post.mk</filename> pair or
- <filename>bsd.port.mk</filename> only; do not mix these two.</para>
+ <filename>bsd.port.pre.mk</filename>/<filename>bsd.port.post.mk</filename> pair or
+ <filename>bsd.port.mk</filename> only; do not mix these two usages.</para>
</note>
<para><filename>bsd.port.pre.mk</filename> only defines a few
@@ -5785,7 +5785,7 @@ post-install:
(executables started internally), <filename>sbin</filename>
(executables for superusers/managers), <filename>info</filename>
(documentation for info browser) or <filename>share</filename>
- (architecture independent files). See man &man.hier.7; for details,
+ (architecture independent files). See &man.hier.7; for details;
the rules governing
<filename>/usr</filename> pretty much apply to
<filename>/usr/local</filename> too. The exception are ports
@@ -5819,7 +5819,7 @@ lib/X11/oneko/sounds/cat.au
<programlisting>@unexec rmdir %D/share/doc/gimp 2>/dev/null || true</programlisting>
<para>This will neither print any error messages nor cause
- <command>pkg_delete</command> to exit abnormally even if
+ &man.pkg.delete.1; to exit abnormally even if
<filename><makevar>PREFIX</makevar>/share/doc/gimp</filename> is not
empty due to other ports installing some files in there.</para>
</sect1>
@@ -5962,7 +5962,7 @@ drweb:*:426:426:Dr.Web Mail Scanner:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin</programlisting>
<filename><makevar>PREFIX</makevar>/etc</filename>, do
<emphasis>not</emphasis> just install them and list them in
<filename>pkg-plist</filename>. That will cause
- <command>pkg_delete</command> to delete files carefully edited by
+ &man.pkg.delete.1; to delete files carefully edited by
the user and a new installation to wipe them out.</para>
<para>Instead, install sample files with a suffix
@@ -6007,7 +6007,7 @@ drweb:*:426:426:Dr.Web Mail Scanner:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin</programlisting>
Please use the correct <command>make</command> variable as
each make variable conveys radically different meanings to
both users, and to automated systems that parse
- <filename>Makefiles</filename>.</para>
+ <filename>Makefile</filename>s.</para>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>