aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorBenedict Reuschling <bcr@FreeBSD.org>2018-08-16 13:55:09 +0000
committerBenedict Reuschling <bcr@FreeBSD.org>2018-08-16 13:55:09 +0000
commitaa6f4dc4d1ada0aa93f66e88ed6e7fd7fca79bbb (patch)
treed375ef84b4ffebc8f397a0fc02a9f8d7897f04a3
parent90901ed261832539b3a441efe532e3aa61b68598 (diff)
downloaddoc-aa6f4dc4d1.tar.gz
doc-aa6f4dc4d1.zip
Wrap overlong lines, remove redundant markup and words, change to proper
capitalization.
Notes
Notes: svn path=/head/; revision=52136
-rw-r--r--en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/new-users/article.xml346
1 files changed, 197 insertions, 149 deletions
diff --git a/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/new-users/article.xml b/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/new-users/article.xml
index be80da050e..9a97e7b089 100644
--- a/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/new-users/article.xml
+++ b/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/new-users/article.xml
@@ -3,14 +3,22 @@
"http://www.FreeBSD.org/XML/share/xml/freebsd50.dtd">
<!-- $FreeBSD$ -->
<!-- The FreeBSD Documentation Project -->
-<article xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="5.0" xml:lang="en">
- <info><title>For People New to Both FreeBSD and &unix;</title>
-
+<article xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook"
+ xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="5.0"
+ xml:lang="en">
+ <info>
+ <title>For People New to Both FreeBSD and &unix;</title>
<authorgroup>
- <author><personname><firstname>Annelise</firstname><surname>Anderson</surname></personname><affiliation>
+ <author>
+ <personname>
+ <firstname>Annelise</firstname>
+ <surname>Anderson</surname>
+ </personname>
+ <affiliation>
<address><email>andrsn@andrsn.stanford.edu</email></address>
- </affiliation></author>
+ </affiliation>
+ </author>
</authorgroup>
<pubdate>1997-08-15</pubdate>
@@ -36,13 +44,16 @@
<title>Logging in and Getting Out</title>
<para>Log in (when you see <prompt>login:</prompt>) as a user you
- created during installation or as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>.
- (Your FreeBSD installation will already have an account for
- <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>; who can go anywhere and do anything, including deleting
- essential files, so be careful!) The symbols &prompt.user; and
- &prompt.root; in the following stand for the prompt (yours may
- be different), with &prompt.user; indicating an ordinary user
- and &prompt.root; indicating <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>.</para>
+ created during installation or as <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>. (Your FreeBSD
+ installation will already have an account for <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>; who can go anywhere and do
+ anything, including deleting essential files, so be careful!)
+ The symbols &prompt.user; and &prompt.root; in the following
+ stand for the prompt (yours may be different), with
+ &prompt.user; indicating an ordinary user and &prompt.root;
+ indicating <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>.</para>
<para>To log out (and get a new <prompt>login:</prompt> prompt)
type</para>
@@ -83,62 +94,71 @@
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="adding-a-user">
- <title>Adding A User with Root Privileges</title>
+ <title>Adding a User with Root Privileges</title>
- <para>If you did not create any users when you installed the system
- and are thus logged in as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, you should probably create a
- user now with</para>
+ <para>If you did not create any users when you installed the
+ system and are thus logged in as <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>, you should probably create
+ a user now with</para>
<informalexample>
<screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>adduser</userinput></screen>
</informalexample>
- <para>The first time you use <command>adduser</command>, it might ask for some
- defaults to save. You might want to make the default shell
- &man.csh.1; instead of &man.sh.1;, if it suggests
+ <para>The first time you use <command>adduser</command>, it might
+ ask for some defaults to save. You might want to make the
+ default shell &man.csh.1; instead of &man.sh.1;, if it suggests
<command>sh</command> as the default. Otherwise just press
enter to accept each default. These defaults are saved in
<filename>/etc/adduser.conf</filename>, an editable file.</para>
- <para>Suppose you create a user <systemitem class="username">jack</systemitem> with
- full name <emphasis>Jack Benimble</emphasis>. Give <systemitem class="username">jack</systemitem> a
- password if security (even kids around who might pound on the
- keyboard) is an issue. When it asks you if you want to invite
- <systemitem class="username">jack</systemitem> into other groups, type <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem></para>
+ <para>Suppose you create a user <systemitem
+ class="username">jack</systemitem> with full name
+ <emphasis>Jack Benimble</emphasis>. Give <systemitem
+ class="username">jack</systemitem> a password if security
+ (even kids around who might pound on the keyboard) is an issue.
+ When it asks you if you want to invite <systemitem
+ class="username">jack</systemitem> into other groups, type
+ <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem></para>
<informalexample>
<screen>Login group is ``jack''. Invite jack into other groups: <userinput>wheel</userinput></screen>
</informalexample>
- <para>This will make it possible to log in as
- <systemitem class="username">jack</systemitem> and use the &man.su.1;
- command to become <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>. Then you will not get scolded any more for
- logging in as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>.</para>
+ <para>This will make it possible to log in as <systemitem
+ class="username">jack</systemitem> and use the &man.su.1;
+ command to become <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>. Then you will not get
+ scolded any more for logging in as <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>.</para>
<para>You can quit <command>adduser</command> any time by typing
<keycombo><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>C</keycap></keycombo>,
- and at the end you will have a chance to approve your new user or
- simply type <keycap>n</keycap> for no. You might want to create
- a second new user so that when you edit <systemitem class="username">jack</systemitem>'s login
- files, you will have a hot spare in case something goes
- wrong.</para>
+ and at the end you will have a chance to approve your new user
+ or simply type <keycap>n</keycap> for no. You might want to
+ create a second new user so that when you edit <systemitem
+ class="username">jack</systemitem>'s login files, you will
+ have a hot spare in case something goes wrong.</para>
<para>Once you have done this, use <command>exit</command> to get
- back to a login prompt and log in as <systemitem class="username">jack</systemitem>.
- In general, it is a good idea to do as much work as possible as
- an ordinary user who does not have the power&mdash;and
- risk&mdash;of <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>.</para>
+ back to a login prompt and log in as <systemitem
+ class="username">jack</systemitem>. In general, it is a good
+ idea to do as much work as possible as an ordinary user who does
+ not have the power&mdash;and risk&mdash;of <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>.</para>
<para>If you already created a user and you want the user to be
- able to <command>su</command> to <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, you can log in as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>
- and edit the file <filename>/etc/group</filename>, adding <systemitem class="username">jack</systemitem>
- to the first line (the group <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem>). But
+ able to <command>su</command> to <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>, you can log in as
+ <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> and edit the file
+ <filename>/etc/group</filename>, adding <systemitem
+ class="username">jack</systemitem> to the first line (the
+ group <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem>). But
first you need to practice &man.vi.1;, the text editor&mdash;or
use the simpler text editor, &man.ee.1;, installed on recent
versions of FreeBSD.</para>
- <para>To delete a user, use the <command>rmuser</command>
- command.</para>
+ <para>To delete a user, use <command>rmuser</command>.</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="looking-around">
@@ -201,8 +221,9 @@
<listitem>
<para>Lists hidden <quote>dot</quote> files with the others.
- If you are <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, the <quote>dot</quote> files show up
- without the <option>-a</option> switch.</para>
+ If you are <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>,
+ the <quote>dot</quote> files show up without the
+ <option>-a</option> switch.</para>
</listitem>
</varlistentry>
@@ -210,14 +231,12 @@
<term><command>cd</command></term>
<listitem>
- <para>Changes directories. <command>cd
- ..</command> backs up one level;
- note the space after <command>cd</command>. <command>cd
- /usr/local</command> goes there.
- <command>cd ~</command> goes to the
- home directory of the person logged in&mdash;e.g.,
- <filename>/usr/home/jack</filename>. Try <command>cd
- /cdrom</command>, and then
+ <para>Changes directories. <command>cd ..</command> backs
+ up one level; note the space after <command>cd</command>.
+ <command>cd /usr/local</command> goes there. <command>cd
+ ~</command> goes to the home directory of the person
+ logged in&mdash;e.g., <filename>/usr/home/jack</filename>.
+ Try <command>cd /cdrom</command>, and then
<command>ls</command>, to find out if your CDROM is
mounted and working.</para>
</listitem>
@@ -289,11 +308,11 @@
<replaceable>text</replaceable></command></term>
<listitem>
- <para>The manual page for <replaceable>text</replaceable>. The
- major source of documentation for &unix; systems.
- <command>man ls</command> will tell
- you all the ways to use the <command>ls</command> command.
- Press <keycap>Enter</keycap> to move through text,
+ <para>The manual page for <replaceable>text</replaceable>.
+ The major source of documentation for &unix; systems.
+ <command>man ls</command> will tell you all the ways to
+ use <command>ls</command>. Press <keycap>Enter</keycap>
+ to move through text,
<keycombo><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>B</keycap></keycombo>
to go back a page,
<keycombo><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>F</keycap></keycombo>
@@ -361,11 +380,12 @@
<literal>w</literal>.</para>
<para>Are some of these not working very well? Both
- &man.locate.1; and &man.whatis.1; depend
- on a database that is rebuilt weekly. If your machine is not
- going to be left on over the weekend (and running FreeBSD), you
- might want to run the commands for daily, weekly, and monthly
- maintenance now and then. Run them as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> and, for now, give each one
+ &man.locate.1; and &man.whatis.1; depend on a database that is
+ rebuilt weekly. If your machine is not going to be left on over
+ the weekend (and running FreeBSD), you might want to run the
+ commands for daily, weekly, and monthly maintenance now and
+ then. Run them as <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem> and, for now, give each one
time to finish before you start the next one.</para>
<informalexample>
@@ -391,16 +411,16 @@
<para>Running such commands is part of system
administration&mdash;and as a single user of a &unix; system,
you are your own system administrator. Virtually everything you
- need to be <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> to do is system administration. Such
- responsibilities are not covered very well even in those big fat
- books on &unix;, which seem to devote a lot of space to pulling
- down menus in windows managers. You might want to get one of
- the two leading books on systems administration, either Evi
- Nemeth et.al.'s <citetitle>UNIX System Administration
- Handbook</citetitle> (Prentice-Hall, 1995, ISBN
- 0-13-15051-7)&mdash;the second edition with the red cover; or
- &AElig;leen Frisch's <citetitle>Essential System
- Administration</citetitle> (O'Reilly &amp; Associates, 2002,
+ need to be <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> to do
+ is system administration. Such responsibilities are not covered
+ very well even in those big fat books on &unix;, which seem to
+ devote a lot of space to pulling down menus in windows managers.
+ You might want to get one of the two leading books on systems
+ administration, either Evi Nemeth et.al.'s <citetitle>UNIX
+ System Administration Handbook</citetitle> (Prentice-Hall,
+ 1995, ISBN 0-13-15051-7)&mdash;the second edition with the red
+ cover; or &AElig;leen Frisch's <citetitle>Essential System
+ Administration</citetitle> (O'Reilly &amp; Associates, 2002,
ISBN 0-596-00343-9). I used Nemeth.</para>
</sect1>
@@ -409,10 +429,11 @@
<para>To configure your system, you need to edit text files. Most
of them will be in the <filename>/etc</filename> directory; and
- you will need to <command>su</command> to <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> to be able to
- change them. You can use the easy <command>ee</command>, but in
- the long run the text editor <command>vi</command> is worth
- learning. There is an excellent tutorial on vi in
+ you will need to <command>su</command> to <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem> to be able to change them.
+ You can use the easy <command>ee</command>, but in the long run
+ the text editor <command>vi</command> is worth learning. There
+ is an excellent tutorial on vi in
<filename>/usr/src/contrib/nvi/docs/tutorial</filename>, if you
have the system sources installed.</para>
@@ -436,8 +457,8 @@
&prompt.root; <userinput>cp rc.conf.orig rc.conf</userinput></screen>
</informalexample>
- <para>because the <command>mv</command> command preserves the
- original date and owner of the file. You can now edit
+ <para>because <command>mv</command> preserves the original date
+ and owner of the file. You can now edit
<filename>rc.conf</filename>. If you want the original back,
you would then <userinput>mv rc.conf rc.conf.myedit</userinput>
(assuming you want to preserve your edited version) and
@@ -562,37 +583,49 @@
</varlistentry>
<varlistentry>
- <term><keycombo><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>b</keycap></keycombo> and
- <keycombo><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>f</keycap></keycombo></term>
+ <term>
+ <keycombo>
+ <keycap>Ctrl</keycap>
+ <keycap>b</keycap>
+ </keycombo>
+ and
+ <keycombo>
+ <keycap>Ctrl</keycap>
+ <keycap>f</keycap>
+ </keycombo>
+ </term>
<listitem>
<para>go back and forward a screen, as they do with
- <command>more</command> and <command>view</command>.</para>
+ <command>more</command> and
+ <command>view</command>.</para>
</listitem>
</varlistentry>
</variablelist>
<para>Practice with <command>vi</command> in your home directory
by creating a new file with <command>vi
- <replaceable>filename</replaceable></command> and adding and
+ <replaceable>filename</replaceable></command> and adding and
deleting text, saving the file, and calling it up again.
<command>vi</command> delivers some surprises because it is
- really quite complex, and sometimes you will inadvertently issue a
- command that will do something you do not expect. (Some people
- actually like <command>vi</command>&mdash;it is more powerful
- than DOS EDIT&mdash;find out about the <command>:r</command>
- command.) Use <keycap>Esc</keycap> one or more times to be sure
- you are in command mode and proceed from there when it gives you
- trouble, save often with <command>:w</command>, and use
- <command>:q!</command> to get out and start over (from your last
- <command>:w</command>) when you need to.</para>
+ really quite complex, and sometimes you will inadvertently issue
+ a command that will do something you do not expect. (Some
+ people actually like <command>vi</command>&mdash;it is more
+ powerful than DOS EDIT&mdash;find out about
+ <command>:r</command>.) Use <keycap>Esc</keycap> one or more
+ times to be sure you are in command mode and proceed from there
+ when it gives you trouble, save often with
+ <command>:w</command>, and use <command>:q!</command> to get out
+ and start over (from your last <command>:w</command>) when you
+ need to.</para>
<para>Now you can <command>cd</command> to
- <filename>/etc</filename>, <command>su</command> to <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, use
- <command>vi</command> to edit the file
- <filename>/etc/group</filename>, and add a user to <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem> so the
- user has root privileges. Just add a comma and the user's login
- name to the end of the first line in the file, press
+ <filename>/etc</filename>, <command>su</command> to <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>, use <command>vi</command>
+ to edit the file <filename>/etc/group</filename>, and add a user
+ to <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem> so the user
+ has root privileges. Just add a comma and the user's login name
+ to the end of the first line in the file, press
<keycap>Esc</keycap>, and use <command>:wq</command> to write
the file to disk and quit. Instantly effective. (You did not
put a space after the comma, did you?)</para>
@@ -614,13 +647,17 @@
<term><command>ps aux</command></term>
<listitem>
- <para>shows processes running. <command>ps ax</command> is a
- narrower form.</para>
+ <para>shows processes running. <command>ps ax</command> is
+ a narrower form.</para>
</listitem>
</varlistentry>
<varlistentry>
- <term><command>rm <replaceable>filename</replaceable></command></term>
+ <term>
+ <command>rm
+ <replaceable>filename</replaceable>
+ </command>
+ </term>
<listitem>
<para>remove <replaceable>filename</replaceable>.</para>
@@ -628,11 +665,15 @@
</varlistentry>
<varlistentry>
- <term><command>rm -R <replaceable>dir</replaceable></command></term>
+ <term>
+ <command>rm -R
+ <replaceable>dir</replaceable>
+ </command>
+ </term>
<listitem>
- <para>removes a directory <replaceable>dir</replaceable> and all
- subdirectories&mdash;careful!</para>
+ <para>removes a directory <replaceable>dir</replaceable> and
+ all subdirectories&mdash;careful!</para>
</listitem>
</varlistentry>
@@ -653,7 +694,8 @@
<term><command>passwd</command></term>
<listitem>
- <para>to change user's password (or <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>'s password)</para>
+ <para>to change user's password (or <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>'s password)</para>
</listitem>
</varlistentry>
@@ -666,9 +708,9 @@
</varlistentry>
</variablelist>
- <para>Use <command>find</command> to locate <filename>filename</filename> in
- <filename>/usr</filename> or any of its subdirectories
- with</para>
+ <para>Use <command>find</command> to locate
+ <filename>filename</filename> in <filename>/usr</filename> or
+ any of its subdirectories with</para>
<informalexample>
<screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>find /usr -name "<replaceable>filename</replaceable>"</userinput></screen>
@@ -682,10 +724,10 @@
file(s) on all mounted filesystems, including the CDROM and the
DOS partition.</para>
- <para>An excellent book that explains &unix; commands and utilities
- is Abrahams &amp; Larson, <citetitle>Unix for the
- Impatient</citetitle> (2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, 1996).
- There is also a lot of &unix; information on the Internet.</para>
+ <para>An excellent book that explains &unix; commands and
+ utilities is Abrahams &amp; Larson, <citetitle>Unix for the
+ Impatient</citetitle> (2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, 1996). There
+ is also a lot of &unix; information on the Internet.</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="next-steps">
@@ -694,15 +736,15 @@
<para>You should now have the tools you need to get around and
edit files, so you can get everything up and running. There is
a great deal of information in the FreeBSD handbook (which is
- probably on your hard drive) and <link xlink:href="&url.base;/index.html">FreeBSD's web site</link>. A
- wide variety of packages and ports are on the CDROM as well as
+ probably on your hard drive) and <link
+ xlink:href="&url.base;/index.html">FreeBSD's web site</link>.
+ A wide variety of packages and ports are on the CDROM as well as
the web site. The handbook tells you more about how to use them
(get the package if it exists, with <command>pkg add
<replaceable>packagename</replaceable></command>, where
- <replaceable>packagename</replaceable> is the filename of
- the package). The CDROM has lists of the packages and ports
- with brief descriptions in
- <filename>cdrom/packages/index</filename>,
+ <replaceable>packagename</replaceable> is the filename of the
+ package). The CDROM has lists of the packages and ports with
+ brief descriptions in <filename>cdrom/packages/index</filename>,
<filename>cdrom/packages/index.txt</filename>, and
<filename>cdrom/ports/index</filename>, with fuller descriptions
in <filename>/cdrom/ports/*/*/pkg/DESCR</filename>, where the
@@ -783,7 +825,7 @@
<command>tcsh</command> does everything <command>csh</command>
does and more. It allows you to recall commands with the arrow
keys and edit them. It has tab-key completion of filenames
- (<command>csh</command> uses the <keycap>Esc</keycap> key), and
+ (<command>csh</command> uses <keycap>Esc</keycap>), and
it lets you switch to the directory you were last in with
<command>cd -</command>. It is also much easier to alter your
prompt with <command>tcsh</command>. It makes life a lot
@@ -798,34 +840,39 @@
</step>
<step>
- <para>Use the <command>chsh</command> command to change your
- shell to <command>tcsh</command> permanently, or type
+ <para>Use <command>chsh</command> to change your shell to
+ <command>tcsh</command> permanently, or type
<command>tcsh</command> at the prompt to change your shell
without logging in again.</para>
</step>
</procedure>
<note>
- <para>It can be dangerous to change <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>'s shell to something
+ <para>It can be dangerous to change <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>'s shell to something
other than <command>sh</command> or <command>csh</command> on
- early versions of FreeBSD and many other versions of &unix;; you
- may not have a working shell when the system puts you into
+ early versions of FreeBSD and many other versions of &unix;;
+ you may not have a working shell when the system puts you into
single user mode. The solution is to use <command>su
- -m</command> to become <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, which will give you the
- <command>tcsh</command> as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, because the shell is part of
- the environment. You can make this permanent by adding it to
- your <filename>.tcshrc</filename> file as an alias with:</para>
- <programlisting>alias su su -m</programlisting>
+ -m</command> to become <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>, which will give you the
+ <command>tcsh</command> as <systemitem
+ class="username">root</systemitem>, because the shell is
+ part of the environment. You can make this permanent by
+ adding it to your <filename>.tcshrc</filename> as an alias
+ with:</para>
+
+ <programlisting>alias su su -m</programlisting>
</note>
<para>When <command>tcsh</command> starts up, it will read the
<filename>/etc/csh.cshrc</filename> and
<filename>/etc/csh.login</filename> files, as does
- <command>csh</command>. It will also read the
- <filename>.login</filename> file in your home directory and the
- <filename>.cshrc</filename> file as well, unless you provide a
- <filename>.tcshrc</filename> file. This you can do by simply
- copying <filename>.cshrc</filename> to
+ <command>csh</command>. It will also read
+ <filename>.login</filename> in your home directory and
+ <filename>.cshrc</filename> as well, unless you provide a
+ <filename>.tcshrc</filename>. This you can do by simply copying
+ <filename>.cshrc</filename> to
<filename>.tcshrc</filename>.</para>
<para>Now that you have installed <command>tcsh</command>, you can
@@ -833,34 +880,35 @@
for <command>tcsh</command>, but here is a line to put in your
<filename>.tcshrc</filename> that will tell you how many
commands you have typed, what time it is, and what directory you
- are in. It also produces a <literal>&gt;</literal> if you are an
- ordinary user and a <literal>#</literal> if you are <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, but
- tsch will do that in any case:</para>
+ are in. It also produces a <literal>&gt;</literal> if you are
+ an ordinary user and a <literal>#</literal> if you are
+ <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, but tsch will do
+ that in any case:</para>
<para>set prompt = "%h %t %~ %# "</para>
<para>This should go in the same place as the existing set prompt
line if there is one, or under "if($?prompt) then" if not.
Comment out the old line; you can always switch back to it if
- you prefer it. Do not forget the spaces and quotes. You can get
- the <filename>.tcshrc</filename> reread by typing
+ you prefer it. Do not forget the spaces and quotes. You can
+ get the <filename>.tcshrc</filename> reread by typing
<command>source .tcshrc</command>.</para>
<para>You can get a listing of other environmental variables that
have been set by typing <command>env</command> at the prompt.
The result will show you your default editor, pager, and
terminal type, among possibly many others. A useful command if
- you log in from a remote location and can not run a program
+ you log in from a remote location and cannot run a program
because the terminal is not capable is <command>setenv TERM
- vt100</command>.</para>
+ vt100</command>.</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="other">
<title>Other</title>
- <para>As <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, you can unmount the CDROM with
- <command>/sbin/umount /cdrom</command>, take it out of the
- drive, insert another one, and mount it with
+ <para>As <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, you can
+ unmount the CDROM with <command>/sbin/umount /cdrom</command>,
+ take it out of the drive, insert another one, and mount it with
<command>/sbin/mount_cd9660 /dev/cd0a /cdrom</command> assuming
<hardware>cd0a</hardware> is the device name for your CDROM
drive. The most recent versions of FreeBSD let you mount the
@@ -872,22 +920,22 @@
might try playing games from the CDROM. This involves using
<command>lndir</command>, which gets installed with the X Window
System, to tell the program(s) where to find the necessary
- files, because they are in the <filename>/cdrom</filename> file
- system instead of in <filename>/usr</filename> and its
- subdirectories, which is where they are expected to be. Read
- <command>man lndir</command>.</para>
+ files, because they are in <filename>/cdrom</filename> instead
+ of in <filename>/usr</filename> and its subdirectories, which is
+ where they are expected to be. Read <command>man
+ lndir</command>.</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="comments-welcome">
<title>Comments Welcome</title>
- <para>If you use this guide I would be interested in knowing where it
- was unclear and what was left out that you think should be
+ <para>If you use this guide I would be interested in knowing where
+ it was unclear and what was left out that you think should be
included, and if it was helpful. My thanks to Eugene W. Stark,
professor of computer science at SUNY-Stony Brook, and John
Fieber for helpful comments.</para>
<para>Annelise Anderson,
- <email>andrsn@andrsn.stanford.edu</email></para>
+ <email>andrsn@andrsn.stanford.edu</email></para>
</sect1>
</article>