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authorLi-Wen Hsu <lwhsu@FreeBSD.org>2016-01-09 16:20:44 +0000
committerLi-Wen Hsu <lwhsu@FreeBSD.org>2016-01-09 16:20:44 +0000
commitc15e4d0ccaa284c03851eb3ecaa032a85c573fb4 (patch)
treec09fdccc0f7e408d165add1d78ab18091de78375 /zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook
parent825634b61c437f6ade251373f4d436b81649fd9c (diff)
downloaddoc-c15e4d0ccaa284c03851eb3ecaa032a85c573fb4.tar.gz
doc-c15e4d0ccaa284c03851eb3ecaa032a85c573fb4.zip
- More Traditional Chinese translation to bsdinstall chapter
Submitted by: RayCherng Yu <raycherng@gmail.com> Approved by: wblock Differential Revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D3843
Notes
Notes: svn path=/head/; revision=47967
Diffstat (limited to 'zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook')
-rw-r--r--zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook/bsdinstall/chapter.xml192
1 files changed, 74 insertions, 118 deletions
diff --git a/zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook/bsdinstall/chapter.xml b/zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook/bsdinstall/chapter.xml
index 05fb387b4d..4b5e1f501f 100644
--- a/zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook/bsdinstall/chapter.xml
+++ b/zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook/bsdinstall/chapter.xml
@@ -133,7 +133,7 @@
<para> 安裝 &os; 的硬體需求隨 &os; 的版本和硬體架構而不同。
&os;發行版支援的硬體架構和裝置列在硬體支援清單的檔案裡。
- 這個檔案通常名為 <filename>HARDWARE.TXT</filename>,位於發行媒體的根目錄。
+ 這個檔案通常名為 <filename>HARDWARE.TXT</filename>,位於發行媒體的根目錄。
支援硬體清單的副本也可以在&os; 網站 (<link
xlink:href="&url.base;/releases/index.html">http://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/index.html</link>)的發行資訊頁面找到。</para>
@@ -222,134 +222,102 @@
<sect1 xml:id="bsdinstall-pre">
<title>安裝前的工作</title>
- <para>Once it has been determined that the system meets the
- minimum hardware requirements for installing &os;, the
- installation file should be downloaded and the installation
- media prepared. Before doing this, check that the system is
- ready for an installation by verifying the items in this
- checklist:</para>
+ <para>一旦確定系統符合安裝 &os; 的最低硬體需求,就可以下載安裝檔案並準備安裝的媒體。
+ 做這些之前,先檢查以下核對清單的項目是否準備好了:</para>
<procedure>
<step>
<title>備份重要資料</title>
- <para>Before installing any operating system,
- <emphasis>always</emphasis> backup all important data first.
- Do not store the backup on the system being installed.
- Instead, save the data to a removable disk such as a
- <acronym>USB</acronym> drive, another system on the network,
- or an online backup service. Test the backup before
- starting the installation to make sure it contains all of
- the needed files. Once the installer formats the system's
- disk, all data stored on that disk will be lost.</para>
+ <para>安裝任何作業系統前, <emphasis>總是</emphasis> 要先備份所有重要資料。
+ 不要儲存備份在即將安裝的系統上。改為將資料儲存在可移除磁碟,像是
+ <acronym>USB</acronym> 隨身碟,網路上的另一個系統或是線上備份服務上。
+ 開始安裝前,要測試備份,確定它含有所有需要的檔案。
+ 一旦安裝程式格式化系統的磁碟,所有儲存在上面的資料都會遺失。</para>
</step>
<step>
- <title>Decide Where to Install &os;</title>
-
- <para>If &os; will be the only operating system installed,
- this step can be skipped. But if &os; will share the disk
- with another operating system, decide which disk or
- partition will be used for &os;.</para>
-
- <para>In the &arch.i386; and &arch.amd64; architectures, disks
- can be divided into multiple partitions using one of two
- partitioning schemes. A traditional <firstterm>Master Boot
- Record</firstterm> (<acronym>MBR</acronym>) holds a
- partition table defining up to four <firstterm>primary
- partitions</firstterm>. For historical reasons, &os;
- calls these primary partition
- <firstterm>slices</firstterm>. One of these primary
- partitions can be made into an <firstterm>extended
- partition</firstterm> containing multiple
- <firstterm>logical partitions</firstterm>. The
- <firstterm>GUID Partition Table</firstterm>
- (<acronym>GPT</acronym>) is a newer and simpler method of
- partitioning a disk. Common <acronym>GPT</acronym>
- implementations allow up to 128 partitions per disk,
- eliminating the need for logical partitions.</para>
-
+ <title>決定 &os; 安裝在哪裡</title>
+
+ <para>如果 &os; 是唯一要安裝的作業系統,這個步驟可以略過。
+ 但是假如 &os; 將和其他作業系統分享磁碟空間的話,要決定 &os; 要安裝在哪個磁碟或是哪個分割區。</para>
+
+ <para>在 &arch.i386; 和 &arch.amd64; 平台,磁碟可以使用兩種分割區配置之一來分割成多個分割區。
+ 傳統的<firstterm>主開機紀錄
+ </firstterm> (<acronym>MBR</acronym>) 有一個分割區表定義最多到
+ <firstterm>主分割區</firstterm>。
+ 因為歷史性的理由, &os;稱這些主分割區為 <firstterm>slices</firstterm>。
+ 其中一個主分割區可以分成一個 <firstterm>延伸分割區
+ </firstterm> ,他包含多個 <firstterm>邏輯分割區</firstterm>。
+ <firstterm>GUID 分割區表</firstterm>
+ (<acronym>GPT</acronym>) 是較新和較簡單的分割磁碟的方法
+ 一般<acronym>GPT</acronym> 實作允許每個磁碟最多達128個分割區,減少使用邏輯分割區的需要。</para>
<warning>
- <para>Some older operating systems, like &windows;&nbsp;XP,
- are not compatible with the <acronym>GPT</acronym>
- partition scheme. If &os; will be sharing a disk with
- such an operating system, <acronym>MBR</acronym>
- partitioning is required.</para>
+ <para>一些比較舊的作業系統,像是 &windows;&nbsp;XP ,
+ 和 <acronym>GPT</acronym> 分割區配置並不相容。
+ 如果 &os; 將和這樣的作業系統共享一個磁碟,那就需要用
+ <acronym>MBR</acronym> 分割。
+ </para>
</warning>
- <para>The &os; boot loader requires either a primary or
- <acronym>GPT</acronym> partition. If all of the primary or
- <acronym>GPT</acronym> partitions are already in use, one
- must be freed for &os;. To create a partition without
- deleting existing data, use a partition resizing tool to
- shrink an existing partition and create a new partition
- using the freed space.</para>
-
- <para>A variety of free and commercial partition resizing
- tools are listed at <link
- xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software</link>.
+ <para> &os; 開機啟動程式需要主分割區或是 <acronym>GPT</acronym> 分割區。
+ 如果所有的主分割區或 <acronym>GPT</acronym> 分割區都已使用,
+ 必須釋放其中一個分割區讓 &os; 使用。
+ 如果要建立一個分割區而不刪除原有的資料,
+ 可以使用磁碟分割工具來縮小現有的分割區,
+ 並使用多出的空間來建立新分割區。 </para>
+
+ <para>各種自由的和商業化的磁碟分割工具列於
+ <link
+ xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software</link>。
<application>GParted Live</application> (<link
xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>)
- is a free live <acronym>CD</acronym> which includes the
- <application>GParted</application> partition editor.
- <application>GParted</application> is also included with
- many other Linux live <acronym>CD</acronym>
- distributions.</para>
+ 是包含分割編輯工具<application>GParted</application>的自由的 live <acronym>CD</acronym>。
+ <application>GParted</application> 也包含在許多 Linux live <acronym>CD</acronym> 套件裡。</para>
<warning>
- <para>When used properly, disk shrinking utilities can
- safely create space for creating a new partition. Since
- the possibility of selecting the wrong partition exists,
- always backup any important data and verify the integrity
- of the backup before modifying disk partitions.</para>
+ <para>當正確地使用,磁碟分割工具可以安全地建立空間讓新的分割區使用。
+ 因為有可能會誤選已經存在的分割區,所以在修改磁碟分割區前,
+ 一定要備份重要資料,並確認備份的完整性。 </para>
</warning>
- <para>Disk partitions containing different operating systems
- make it possible to install multiple operating systems on
- one computer. An alternative is to use virtualization
- (<xref linkend="virtualization"/>) which allows multiple
- operating systems to run at the same time without modifying
- any disk partitions.</para>
+ <para>包含不同作業系統的磁碟分割區可以讓一台電腦安裝多重作業系統。
+ 另一種作法是使用虛擬機器 (<xref linkend="virtualization"/>) ,可以讓多重作業系統同時間執行而不需要改變任何磁碟分割區。 </para>
</step>
<step>
<title>收集網路資訊</title>
- <para>Some &os; installation methods require a network
- connection in order to download the installation files.
- After any installation, the installer will offer to setup
- the system's network interfaces.</para>
+ <para>有些 &os; 安裝方法為了下載安裝檔案需要網路連線。
+ 在系統安裝之後,安裝程式將會讓您設定系統的網路介面。
+ </para>
- <para>If the network has a <acronym>DHCP</acronym> server, it
- can be used to provide automatic network configuration. If
- <acronym>DHCP</acronym> is not available, the following
- network information for the system must be obtained from the
- local network administrator or Internet service
- provider:</para>
+ <para>如果網路有 <acronym>DHCP</acronym> 伺服器,可以自動設定網路。
+ 如果沒有 <acronym>DHCP</acronym> ,
+ 需要從區域網路管理者或是網際網路服務商取得以下系統的網路資訊:
+ </para>
<orderedlist xml:id="bsdinstall-collect-network-information">
<title>需要的網路資訊</title>
<listitem>
- <para><acronym>IP</acronym> address</para>
+ <para><acronym>IP</acronym> 位址</para>
</listitem>
<listitem>
- <para>Subnet mask</para>
+ <para>子網路遮罩</para>
</listitem>
<listitem>
- <para><acronym>IP</acronym> address of default
- gateway</para>
+ <para>預設閘道器 <acronym>IP</acronym> 位址</para>
</listitem>
<listitem>
- <para>Domain name of the network</para>
+ <para>網路的網域名稱</para>
</listitem>
<listitem>
- <para><acronym>IP</acronym> addresses of the network's
- <acronym>DNS</acronym> servers</para>
+ <para>網路 <acronym>DNS</acronym> 伺服器 <acronym>IP</acronym> 位址 </para>
</listitem>
</orderedlist>
</step>
@@ -357,21 +325,15 @@
<step>
<title>檢查 &os; 勘誤表</title>
- <para>Although the &os;&nbsp;Project strives to ensure that
- each release of &os; is as stable as possible, bugs
- occasionally creep into the process. On very rare occasions
- those bugs affect the installation process. As these
- problems are discovered and fixed, they are noted in the
- &os; Errata (<link
- xlink:href="&url.base;/releases/&rel.current;R/errata.html">http://www.freebsd.org/releases/&rel.current;R/errata.html</link>)
- on the &os; web site. Check the errata before installing to
- make sure that there are no problems that might affect the
- installation.</para>
-
- <para>Information and errata for all the releases can be found
- on the release information section of the &os; web site
+ <para>儘管 &os;&nbsp;Project 努力確保每個 &os; 發行版能夠儘可能地穩定,錯誤偶爾還是會悄悄出現。
+ 有極小的機會錯誤會影響安裝過程。
+ 當這些問題被發現並修正後,會被紀錄在 &os; 網站的 &os; 勘誤表 (<link
+ xlink:href="&url.base;/releases/&rel.current;R/errata.html">http://www.freebsd.org/releases/&rel.current;R/errata.html</link>)。
+ 安裝前要檢查勘誤表,確保沒有會影響到安裝的問題。</para>
+
+ <para>所有發行版的資訊和勘誤表可以在 &os; 網站的發行資訊找到
(<link
- xlink:href="&url.base;/releases/index.html">http://www.freebsd.org/releases/index.html</link>).</para>
+ xlink:href="&url.base;/releases/index.html">http://www.freebsd.org/releases/index.html</link>)。</para>
</step>
</procedure>
@@ -504,9 +466,7 @@
<title>使用&windows; 來寫入映象檔</title>
<warning>
- <para>Be sure to give the correct drive letter as the
- existing data on the specified drive will be overwritten
- and destroyed.</para>
+ <para>要確保提供正確的磁碟機代號,因為磁碟上的資料會被覆蓋和摧毀。 </para>
</warning>
<step>
@@ -523,26 +483,22 @@
<step>
<title>用 Image Writer 寫入映象檔</title>
- <para>雙擊 <application>Win32DiskImager</application> icon 啟動程式。 Verify that the drive letter shown under
- <computeroutput>Device</computeroutput> is the drive
- with the memory stick. Click the folder icon and select
- the image to be written to the memory stick. Click
- <guibutton>[&nbsp;Save&nbsp;]</guibutton> to accept the
- image file name. Verify that everything is correct, and
- that no folders on the memory stick are open in other
- windows. When everything is ready, click
- <guibutton>[&nbsp;Write&nbsp;]</guibutton> to write the
- image file to the memory stick.</para>
+ <para>雙擊 <application>Win32DiskImager</application> icon 啟動程式。
+ 確認 <computeroutput>Device</computeroutput> 顯示的磁碟機代號是隨身碟的磁碟機代號。
+ 按下資料夾 icon 選擇要寫入隨身碟的映像檔。
+ 按下 <guibutton>[&nbsp;Save&nbsp;]</guibutton> 按鈕確定映像檔名。
+ 確認所有東西都正確,隨身碟的資料夾並沒有在其他視窗開啟。
+ 所有東西準備好後,按下 <guibutton>[&nbsp;Write&nbsp;]</guibutton> 將映像檔寫入隨身碟。</para>
</step>
</procedure>
- <para>You are now ready to start installing &os;.</para>
+ <para>您現在可以開始安裝 &os; 。</para>
</sect3>
</sect2>
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="bsdinstall-start">
- <title>Starting the Installation</title>
+ <title>開始安裝</title>
<important>
<para>By default, the installation will not make any changes to