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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
<!-- Copyright (c) 2000 Nik Clayton, All rights reserved.

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<appendix xmlns="http://docbook.org/ns/docbook" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="5.0" xml:id="examples">
  <title>Examples</title>

  <para>This appendix contains example <acronym>XML</acronym> files
    and the commands to convert them from one output format to
    another.  After installing the Documentation Project tools (see
    <xref linkend="tools-required"/>), these examples can be used
    directly.</para>

  <para>These examples are not exhaustive&mdash;they do not contain
    all the elements that might be desirable to use, particularly in a
    document's front matter.  For more examples of DocBook markup,
    examine the <acronym>XML</acronym> source for this and other
    documents available in the <application>svn</application>
    <literal>doc</literal> repository, or available online starting at
    <uri xlink:href="http://svnweb.FreeBSD.org/doc/">http://svnweb.FreeBSD.org/doc/</uri>.</para>

  <para>To avoid confusion, these examples use the standard DocBook
    4.1 <acronym>DTD</acronym> rather than the &os; extension.  They
    also use the stock stylesheets distributed by Norm Walsh, rather
    than any customizations made to those stylesheets by the &os;
    Documentation Project.  This makes them more useful as generic
    DocBook examples.</para>

  <sect1 xml:id="examples-docbook-book">
    <title>DocBook <tag>book</tag></title>

    <example>
      <title>DocBook <tag>book</tag></title>

      <programlisting>&lt;!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.2//EN"
  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.2/docbookx.dtd"&gt;

<tag class="starttag">book lang='en'</tag>
  <tag class="starttag">bookinfo</tag>
    <tag class="starttag">title</tag>An Example Book<tag class="endtag">title</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">author</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">firstname</tag>Your first name<tag class="endtag">firstname</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">surname</tag>Your surname<tag class="endtag">surname</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">affiliation</tag>
	<tag class="starttag">address</tag><tag class="starttag">email</tag>foo@example.com<tag class="endtag">email</tag><tag class="endtag">address</tag>
      <tag class="endtag">affiliation</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">author</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">copyright</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">year</tag>2000<tag class="endtag">year</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">holder</tag>Copyright string here<tag class="endtag">holder</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">copyright</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">abstract</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">para</tag>If your book has an abstract then it should go here.<tag class="endtag">para</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">abstract</tag>
  <tag class="endtag">bookinfo</tag>

  <tag class="starttag">preface</tag>
    <tag class="starttag">title</tag>Preface<tag class="endtag">title</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">para</tag>Your book may have a preface, in which case it should be placed
      here.<tag class="endtag">para</tag>
  <tag class="endtag">preface</tag>

  <tag class="starttag">chapter</tag>
    <tag class="starttag">title</tag>My First Chapter<tag class="endtag">title</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">para</tag>This is the first chapter in my book.<tag class="endtag">para</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">sect1</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">title</tag>My First Section<tag class="endtag">title</tag>

      <tag class="starttag">para</tag>This is the first section in my book.<tag class="endtag">para</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">sect1</tag>
  <tag class="endtag">chapter</tag>
<tag class="endtag">book</tag></programlisting>
    </example>
  </sect1>

  <sect1 xml:id="examples-docbook-article">
    <title>DocBook <tag>article</tag></title>

    <example>
      <title>DocBook <tag>article</tag></title>

      <programlisting>&lt;!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.2//EN"
  "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.2/docbookx.dtd"&gt;

<tag class="starttag">article lang='en'</tag>
  <tag class="starttag">articleinfo</tag>
    <tag class="starttag">title</tag>An Example Article<tag class="endtag">title</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">author</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">firstname</tag>Your first name<tag class="endtag">firstname</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">surname</tag>Your surname<tag class="endtag">surname</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">affiliation</tag>
	<tag class="starttag">address</tag><tag class="starttag">email</tag>foo@example.com<tag class="endtag">email</tag><tag class="endtag">address</tag>
      <tag class="endtag">affiliation</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">author</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">copyright</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">year</tag>2000<tag class="endtag">year</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">holder</tag>Copyright string here<tag class="endtag">holder</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">copyright</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">abstract</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">para</tag>If your article has an abstract then it should go here.<tag class="endtag">para</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">abstract</tag>
  <tag class="endtag">articleinfo</tag>

  <tag class="starttag">sect1</tag>
    <tag class="starttag">title</tag>My First Section<tag class="endtag">title</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">para</tag>This is the first section in my article.<tag class="endtag">para</tag>

    <tag class="starttag">sect2</tag>
      <tag class="starttag">title</tag>My First Sub-Section<tag class="endtag">title</tag>

      <tag class="starttag">para</tag>This is the first sub-section in my article.<tag class="endtag">para</tag>
    <tag class="endtag">sect2</tag>
  <tag class="endtag">sect1</tag>
<tag class="endtag">article</tag></programlisting>
    </example>
  </sect1>

  <sect1 xml:id="examples-formatted">
    <title>Producing Formatted Output</title>

    <para>Before using these examples, install the required tools as
      shown in <xref linkend="tools-required"/>.</para>

    <sect2>
      <title>Using <application>Jade</application></title>

      <example>
	<title>Converting DocBook to <acronym>XHTML</acronym> (One
	  Large File)</title>

	<screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>jade -V nochunks \  <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-1-nochunks"/>
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/dsssl/modular/catalog \ <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-1-catalog"/>
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/catalog \
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/jade/catalog \
    -d /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/dsssl/modular/html/docbook.dsl \<co xml:id="examples-co-jade-1-dsssl"/>
    -t sgml <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-1-transform"/> file.xml &gt; file.html <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-1-filename"/></userinput></screen>

	<calloutlist>
	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-1-nochunks">
	    <para>Specifies the <literal>nochunks</literal> parameter
	      to the stylesheets, forcing all output to be written to
	      the standard output (using Norm Walsh's
	      stylesheets).</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-1-catalog">
	    <para>Specifies the catalogs that
	      <application>Jade</application> will need to process.
	      Three catalogs are required.  The first is a catalog
	      that contains information about the
	      <acronym>DSSSL</acronym> stylesheets.  The second
	      contains information about the DocBook
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym>.  The third contains information
	      specific to <application>Jade</application>.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-1-dsssl">
	    <para>Specifies the full path to the
	      <acronym>DSSSL</acronym> stylesheet that
	      <application>Jade</application> will use when processing
	      the document.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-1-transform">
	    <para>Instructs <application>Jade</application> to perform
	      a <emphasis>transformation</emphasis> from one
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym> to another.  In this case, the
	      input is being transformed from the DocBook
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym> to the <acronym>XHTML</acronym>
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym>.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-1-filename">
	    <para>Specifies the file that
	      <application>Jade</application> should process, and
	      redirects output to the specified
	      <filename>.html</filename> file.</para>
	  </callout>
	</calloutlist>
      </example>

      <example>
	<title>Converting DocBook to <acronym>XHTML</acronym> (Several
	  Small Files)</title>

	<screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>jade \
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/dsssl/modular/catalog \ <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-2-catalog"/>
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/catalog \
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/jade/catalog \
    -d /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/dsssl/modular/html/docbook.dsl \<co xml:id="examples-co-jade-2-dsssl"/>
    -t sgml <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-2-transform"/> file.xml <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-2-filename"/></userinput></screen>

	<calloutlist>
	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-2-catalog">
	    <para>Specifies the catalogs that
	      <application>Jade</application> will need to process.
	      Three catalogs are required.  The first is a catalog
	      that contains information about the
	      <acronym>DSSSL</acronym> stylesheets.  The second
	      contains information about the DocBook
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym>.  The third contains information
	      specific to <application>Jade</application>.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-2-dsssl">
	    <para>Specifies the full path to the
	      <acronym>DSSSL</acronym> stylesheet that
	      <application>Jade</application> will use when processing
	      the document.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-2-transform">
	    <para>Instructs <application>Jade</application> to perform
	      a <emphasis>transformation</emphasis> from one
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym> to another.  In this case, the
	      input is being transformed from the DocBook
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym> to the <acronym>XHTML</acronym>
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym>.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-2-filename">
	    <para>Specifies the file that
	      <application>Jade</application> should process.  The
	      stylesheets determine how the individual
	      <acronym>XHTML</acronym> files will be named, and the
	      name of the <quote>root</quote> file, the one that
	      contains the start of the document.</para>
	  </callout>
	</calloutlist>

	<para>This example may still only generate one
	  <acronym>XHTML</acronym> file, depending on the structure of
	  the document you are processing, and the stylesheet's rules
	  for splitting output.</para>
      </example>

      <example xml:id="examples-docbook-postscript">
	<title>Converting DocBook to &postscript;</title>

	<para>The source <acronym>XML</acronym> file must be converted
	  to a &tex; file.</para>

	<screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>jade -V tex-backend \ <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-3-tex-backend"/>
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/dsssl/modular/catalog \ <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-3-catalog"/>
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/catalog \
    -c /usr/local/share/xml/jade/catalog \
    -d /usr/local/share/xml/docbook/dsssl/modular/print/docbook.dsl \<co xml:id="examples-co-jade-3-dsssl"/>
    -t tex <co xml:id="examples-co-jade-3-tex"/> file.xml</userinput></screen>

	<calloutlist>
	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-3-tex-backend">
	    <para>Customizes the stylesheets to use various options
	      specific to producing output for &tex;.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-3-catalog">
	    <para>Specifies the catalogs that
	      <application>Jade</application> will need to process.
	      Three catalogs are required.  The first is a catalog
	      that contains information about the
	      <acronym>DSSSL</acronym> stylesheets.  The second
	      contains information about the DocBook
	      <acronym>DTD</acronym>.  The third contains information
	      specific to <application>Jade</application>.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-3-dsssl">
	    <para>Specifies the full path to the
	      <acronym>DSSSL</acronym> stylesheet that
	      <application>Jade</application> will use when processing
	      the document.</para>
	  </callout>

	  <callout arearefs="examples-co-jade-3-tex">
	    <para>Instructs <application>Jade</application> to convert
	      the output to &tex;.</para>
	  </callout>
	</calloutlist>

	<para>The generated <filename>.tex</filename> file must now be
	  run through <command>tex</command>, specifying the
	  <literal>&amp;jadetex</literal> macro package.</para>

	<screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>tex "&amp;jadetex" file.tex</userinput></screen>

	<para><command>tex</command> commands must be run
	  <emphasis>at least</emphasis> three times.  The first run
	  processes the document, and determines areas of the document
	  which are referenced from other parts of the document, for
	  use in indexing, and so on.</para>

	<para>Do not be alarmed if you see warning messages such as
	  <errorname>LaTeX Warning: Reference `136' on page 5
	    undefined on input line 728.</errorname> at this
	  point.</para>

	<para>The second run reprocesses the document now that certain
	  pieces of information are known (such as the document's page
	  length).  This allows index entries and other
	  cross-references to be fixed up.</para>

	<para>The third pass performs any final cleanup
	  necessary.</para>

	<para>The output from this stage will be
	  <filename>file.dvi</filename>.</para>

	<para>Finally, run <command>dvips</command> to convert the
	  <filename>.dvi</filename> file to &postscript;.</para>

	<screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>dvips -o file.ps file.dvi</userinput></screen>
      </example>

      <example>
	<title>Converting DocBook to <acronym>PDF</acronym></title>

	<para>The first part of this process is identical to that of
	  converting DocBook to &postscript;, using the same
	  <command>jade</command> command line (<xref linkend="examples-docbook-postscript"/>).</para>

	<para>After the <filename>.tex</filename> file has been
	  generated, run <application>pdfTeX</application>.
	  However, use the <literal>&amp;pdfjadetex</literal> macro
	  package instead.</para>

	<screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>pdftex "&amp;pdfjadetex" file.tex</userinput></screen>

	<para>Again, run this command three times.</para>

	<para>This will generate
	  <filename>file.pdf</filename>,
	  which does not need to be processed any further.</para>
      </example>
    </sect2>
  </sect1>
</appendix>