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<!--
     The FreeBSD Documentation Project

     $FreeBSD: doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors/chapter.sgml,v 1.149 2001/09/02 10:04:41 murray Exp $
-->

<appendix id="mirrors">
  <title>Obtaining FreeBSD</title>

  <sect1>
    <title>CDROM Publishers</title>

    <sect2>
      <title>Retail Boxed Products</title>

      <para>FreeBSD is available as a boxed product (FreeBSD CDs,
	additional software, and printed documentation) from several
	retailers:</para>

      <itemizedlist>
	<listitem>
	  <address>
	    <otheraddr>CompUSA</otheraddr>
	    WWW: <otheraddr><ulink url="http://www.compusa.com/">http://www.compusa.com/</ulink></otheraddr>
	  </address>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <address>
	    <otheraddr>Frys Electronics</otheraddr>
	    WWW: <otheraddr><ulink url="http://www.frys.com/">http://www.frys.com/</ulink></otheraddr>
	  </address>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <address>
	    <otheraddr>Micro Center</otheraddr>
	    WWW: <otheraddr><ulink url="http://www.microcenter.com/">http://www.microcenter.com/</ulink></otheraddr>
	  </address>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </sect2>

    <sect2>
      <title>CD Sets</title>

      <para>FreeBSD CD sets are available from many online
        retailers:</para>

    <itemizedlist>
      <listitem>
	<address>
	  <otheraddr>Daemon News</otheraddr>
	  <street>2680 Bayshore Parkway, Suite 307</street>
	  <city>Mountain View</city>, <state>CA</state> <postcode>94043</postcode>
	  <country>USA</country>
	  Phone: <phone>+1 650 694-4949</phone>
	  Email: <email>sales@daemonnews.org</email>
	  WWW: <otheraddr><ulink url="http://www.bsdmall.com/">http://www.bsdmall.com/</ulink></otheraddr>
	</address>
      </listitem>

      <listitem>
	<address>
	  <otheraddr>Wind River Systems</otheraddr>
	  <street>500 Wind River Way</street>
	  <city>Alameda</city>, <state>CA</state>  <postcode>94501</postcode>
	  <country>USA</country>
	  Phone: <phone>+1 510 749-2872</phone>
	  WWW: <otheraddr><ulink url="http://www.freebsdmall.com/">http://www.freebsdmall.com/</ulink></otheraddr>
	</address>
      </listitem>
    </itemizedlist>
    </sect2>

    <sect2>
      <title>Distributors</title>

      <para>If you are a reseller and want to carry FreeBSD CDROM products,
	please contact a distributor :</para>

      <itemizedlist>
	<listitem>
	  <address>
	    <otheraddr>Cylogistics</otheraddr>
	    <street>2680 Bayshore Parkway, Suite 307</street>
	    <city>Mountain View</city>, <state>CA</state> <postcode>94043</postcode>
	    <country>USA</country>
	    Phone: <phone>+1 650 694-4949</phone>
	    Fax: <fax>+1 650 694-4953</fax>
	    Email: <email>sales@cylogistics.com</email>
	    WWW: <otheraddr><ulink url="http://www.cylogistics.com/">http://www.cylogistics.com/</ulink></otheraddr>
	  </address>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <address>
	    <otheraddr>Ingram Micro</otheraddr>
	    WWW: <otheraddr>
	      <ulink url="http://www.ingrammicro.com/">http://www.ingrammicro.com/</ulink>
	    </otheraddr>
	  </address>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <address>
	    <otheraddr>Navarre</otheraddr>
	    WWW: <otheraddr>
	      <ulink url="http://www.navarre.com/">http://www.navarre.com/</ulink>
	    </otheraddr>
	  </address>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </sect2>
  </sect1>

  <sect1 id="mirrors-dvd">
    <title>DVD Publishers</title>

    <para>FreeBSD is available on DVD from:</para>

    <address>
      <otheraddr>FreeBSD Services Ltd</otheraddr>
      <street>11 Lapwing Close</street>
      <city>Bicester</city>
      <postcode>OX26 6XR</postcode>
      <country>United Kingdom</country>
      WWW: <otheraddr><ulink url="http://www.freebsd-services.com/">http://www.freebsd-services.com/</ulink></otheraddr>
    </address>
  </sect1>
  
  <sect1 id="mirrors-ftp">
    <title>FTP Sites</title>

    <para>The official sources for FreeBSD are available via anonymous FTP
      from:

      <blockquote>
	<para><ulink
	    url="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink>.</para>
      </blockquote></para>

    <para>The <ulink
	url="http://www.freebsdmirrors.org/">FreeBSD mirror
	sites database</ulink> is more accurate than the mirror listing in the
      Handbook, as it gets its information from the DNS rather than relying on
      static lists of hosts.</para>

    <para>Additionally, FreeBSD is available via anonymous FTP from the
      following mirror sites.  If you choose to obtain FreeBSD via anonymous
      FTP, please try to use a site near you.</para>

    <para><link linkend="mirrors-ar">Argentina</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-au">Australia</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-br">Brazil</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-ca">Canada</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-cn">China</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-cz">Czech Republic</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-dk">Denmark</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-ee">Estonia</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-fi">Finland</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-fr">France</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-de">Germany</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-hk">Hong Kong</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-hu">Hungary</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-ie">Ireland</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-il">Israel</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-jp">Japan</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-kr">Korea</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-lt">Lithuania</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-nl">Netherlands</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-nz">New Zealand</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-pl">Poland</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-pt">Portugal</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-ro">Romania</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-ru">Russia</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-sa">Saudi Arabia</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-za">South Africa</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-es">Spain</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-sk">Slovak Republic</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-si">Slovenia</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-se">Sweden</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-tw">Taiwan</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-th">Thailand</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-uk">UK</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-ua">Ukraine</link>,
      <link linkend="mirrors-us">USA</link>.</para>

    <variablelist>
      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-ar">Argentina</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@ar.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.ar.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.ar.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-au">Australia</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@au.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.au.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-br">Brazil</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@br.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp5.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp5.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp6.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp6.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp7.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp7.br.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-ca">Canada</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@ca.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.ca.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.ca.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-cn">China</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>phj@cn.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.cn.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.cn.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-cz">Czech Republic</term>

        <listitem>
          <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
            <email>hostmaster@cz.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
              <para><ulink
                  url="ftp://ftp.cz.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.cz.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink> Contact: <email>calda@dzungle.ms.mff.cuni.cz</email></para>
            </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
        </listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-dk">Denmark</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@dk.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.dk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.dk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.dk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.dk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.dk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.dk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-ee">Estonia</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@ee.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.ee.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.ee.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-fi">Finland</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@fi.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.fi.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.fi.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-fr">France</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@fr.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp5.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp5.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp6.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp6.fr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-de">Germany</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the mirror admins
	    <email>de-bsd-hubs@de.FreeBSD.org </email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp5.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp5.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp6.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp6.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp7.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp7.de.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-hk">Hong Kong</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.hk.super.net/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.hk.super.net/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink> Contact: <email>ftp-admin@HK.Super.NET</email>.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
        <term><anchor id="mirrors-hu">Hungary</term>
	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>mohacsi@ik.bme.hu</email> for this domain.</para>
	  
	 <itemizedlist>
	  <listitem>
	   <para><ulink
	    	url="ftp://ftp.hu.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.hu.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	 </listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
       </listitem>
      </varlistentry>

	  
      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-ie">Ireland</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@ie.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.ie.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.ie.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-il">Israel</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@il.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.il.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.il.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.il.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.il.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-jp">Japan</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@jp.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp5.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp5.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp6.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp6.jp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-kr">Korea</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@kr.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink url="ftp://ftp3.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink url="ftp://ftp4.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink url="ftp://ftp5.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp5.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp6.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp6.kr.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-lt">Lithuania</term>
	  <listitem>
	    <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	      <email>hostmaster@lt.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
	     	url="ftp://ftp.lt.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.lt.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>
		
      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-nl">Netherlands</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@nl.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.nl.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.nl.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-nz">New Zealand</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@nz.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink url="ftp://ftp.nz.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.nz.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-pl">Poland</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@pl.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.pl.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.pl.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-pt">Portugal</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@pt.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.pt.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.pt.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.pt.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.pt.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-ro">Romania</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@ro.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.ro.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.ro.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-ru">Russia</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@ru.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink url="ftp://ftp4.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.ru.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
        <term><anchor id="mirrors-sa">Saudi Arabia</term>
        <listitem>
          <para>In case of problems, please contact
           <email>ftpadmin@isu.net.sa</email></para>

          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
              <para><ulink
                url="ftp://ftp.isu.net.sa/pub/mirrors/ftp.freebsd.org/">ftp://ftp.isu.net.sa/pub/mirrors/ftp.freebsd.org/</ulink></para>
            </listitem>
          </itemizedlist>
        </listitem>
      </varlistentry>


      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-za">South Africa</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@za.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.za.FreeBSD.org/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.za.FreeBSD.org/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-sk">Slovak Republic</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@sk.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink url="ftp://ftp.sk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.sk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry><term><anchor id="mirrors-si">Slovenia</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@si.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.si.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.si.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-es">Spain</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@es.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink url="ftp://ftp.es.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.es.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-se">Sweden</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@se.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.se.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.se.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.se.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.se.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.se.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.se.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-tw">Taiwan</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@tw.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-th">Thailand</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.nectec.or.th/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.nectec.or.th/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink> Contact: <email>ftpadmin@ftp.nectec.or.th</email>.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-ua">Ukraine</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.ua.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.ua.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink> Contact: <email>freebsd-mnt@lucky.net</email>.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-uk">UK</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@uk.FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp5.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp5.uk.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term><anchor id="mirrors-us">USA</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>In case of problems, please contact the hostmaster
	    <email>hostmaster@FreeBSD.org</email> for this domain.</para>

	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp2.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp2.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp3.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp3.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp4.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp4.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp5.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp5.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp6.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp6.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
	          url="ftp://ftp7.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp7.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
	          url="ftp://ftp8.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp8.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
	          url="ftp://ftp9.FreeBSD.org/pub/os/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp9.FreeBSD.org/pub/os/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
	          url="ftp://ftp10.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp10.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>
    </variablelist>
  </sect1>

    <sect1 id="anoncvs">
      <title>Anonymous CVS</title>

      <sect2>
	<title><anchor id="anoncvs-intro">Introduction</title>

	<para>Anonymous CVS (or, as it is otherwise known,
	  <emphasis>anoncvs</emphasis>) is a feature provided by the CVS
	  utilities bundled with FreeBSD for synchronizing with a remote
	  CVS repository.  Among other things, it allows users of FreeBSD
	  to perform, with no special privileges, read-only CVS operations
	  against one of the FreeBSD project's official anoncvs servers.
	  To use it, one simply sets the <envar>CVSROOT</envar>
	  environment variable to point at the appropriate anoncvs server,
	  provides the well-known password <quote>anoncvs</quote> with the
	  <command>cvs login</command> command, and then uses the
	  &man.cvs.1; command to access it like any local
	  repository.</para>

	<para>While it can also be said that the <link
	  linkend="cvsup">CVSup</link> and <emphasis>anoncvs</emphasis>
	  services both perform essentially the same function, there are
	  various trade-offs which can influence the user's choice of
	  synchronization methods.  In a nutshell,
	  <application>CVSup</application> is much more efficient in its
	  usage of network resources and is by far the most technically
	  sophisticated of the two, but at a price.  To use
	  <application>CVSup</application>, a special client must first be
	  installed and configured before any bits can be grabbed, and
	  then only in the fairly large chunks which
	  <application>CVSup</application> calls
	  <emphasis>collections</emphasis>.</para>

	<para><application>Anoncvs</application>, by contrast, can be used
	  to examine anything from an individual file to a specific
	  program (like <command>ls</command> or <command>grep</command>)
	  by referencing the CVS module name.  Of course,
	  <application>anoncvs</application> is also only good for
	  read-only operations on the CVS repository, so if it is your
	  intention to support local development in one repository shared
	  with the FreeBSD project bits then
	  <application>CVSup</application> is really your only
	  option.</para>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title><anchor id="anoncvs-usage">Using Anonymous CVS</title>

	<para>Configuring &man.cvs.1; to use an Anonymous CVS repository
	  is a simple matter of setting the <envar>CVSROOT</envar>
	  environment variable to point to one of the FreeBSD project's
	  <emphasis>anoncvs</emphasis> servers.  At the time of this
	  writing, the following servers are available:</para>

	<itemizedlist>
	  <listitem>
	    <para><emphasis>USA</emphasis>:
	      :pserver:anoncvs@anoncvs.FreeBSD.org:/home/ncvs
	      (Use <command>cvs login</command> and enter the password
	      <quote>anoncvs</quote> when prompted.)</para>
	  </listitem>
	</itemizedlist>

	<para>Since CVS allows one to <quote>check out</quote> virtually
	  any version of the FreeBSD sources that ever existed (or, in
	  some cases, will exist, you need to be
	  familiar with the revision (<option>-r</option>) flag to
	  &man.cvs.1; and what some of the permissible values for it in
	  the FreeBSD Project repository are.</para>

	<para>There are two kinds of tags, revision tags and branch tags.
	  A revision tag refers to a specific revision.  Its meaning stays
	  the same from day to day.  A branch tag, on the other hand,
	  refers to the latest revision on a given line of development, at
	  any given time.  Because a branch tag does not refer to a
	  specific revision, it may mean something different tomorrow than
	  it means today.</para>

	<para>Here are the branch tags that users might be interested
	  in (keep in mind that the only tags valid for the <link
	  linkend="ports">ports collection</link> is
	  <literal>HEAD</literal>).</para>

	<variablelist>
	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>HEAD</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>Symbolic name for the main line, or FreeBSD-CURRENT.
		Also the default when no revision is specified.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_4</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>The line of development for FreeBSD-4.X, also known
		as FreeBSD-STABLE.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_4_3</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>The release branch for FreeBSD-4.3, used only
		for security advisories and other seriously critical fixes.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_3</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>The line of development for FreeBSD-3.X, also known
		as 3.X-STABLE.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>The line of development for FreeBSD-2.2.X, also known
		as 2.2-STABLE.  This branch is mostly obsolete.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>
	</variablelist>

	<para>Here are the revision tags that users might be interested
	  in.  Again, none of these are valid for the ports collection
	  since the ports collection does not have multiple
	  revisions.</para>

	<variablelist>
	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_4_3_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD 4.3.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_4_2_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD 4.2.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_4_1_1_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD 4.1.1.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_4_1_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD 4.1.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_4_0_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD 4.0.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>
	  
	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_3_5_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-3.5.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_3_4_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-3.4.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_3_3_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-3.3.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
            <term>RELENG_3_2_0_RELEASE</term>

            <listitem>
              <para>FreeBSD-3.2.</para>
            </listitem>
          </varlistentry>

          <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_3_1_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-3.1.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_3_0_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-3.0.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2_8_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-2.2.8.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2_7_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-2.2.7.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2_6_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-2.2.6.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2_5_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-2.2.5.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2_2_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-2.2.2.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2_1_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-2.2.1.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>

	  <varlistentry>
	    <term>RELENG_2_2_0_RELEASE</term>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>FreeBSD-2.2.0.</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </varlistentry>
	</variablelist>

	<para>When you specify a branch tag, you normally receive the
	  latest versions of the files on that line of development.  If
	  you wish to receive some past version, you can do so by
	  specifying a date with the <option>-D date</option> flag.
	  See the &man.cvs.1; manual page for more details.</para>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Examples</title>

	<para>While it really is recommended that you read the manual page
	  for &man.cvs.1; thoroughly before doing anything, here are some
	  quick examples which essentially show how to use Anonymous
	  CVS:</para>

	<example>
	  <title>Checking Out Something from -CURRENT (&man.ls.1;) and
	    Deleting It Again:</title>

	  <screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>setenv CVSROOT :pserver:anoncvs@anoncvs.FreeBSD.org:/home/ncvs</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs login</userinput>
<emphasis>At the prompt, enter the password</emphasis> <quote>anoncvs</quote>.
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs co ls</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs release -d ls</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs logout</userinput>
	  </screen>
	</example>

	<example>
	  <title>Checking Out the Version of &man.ls.1; in the 3.X-STABLE
	    Branch:</title>
	    
	  <screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>setenv CVSROOT :pserver:anoncvs@anoncvs.FreeBSD.org:/home/ncvs</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs login</userinput>
<emphasis>At the prompt, enter the password</emphasis> <quote>anoncvs</quote>.
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs co -rRELENG_3 ls</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs release -d ls</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs logout</userinput>
	  </screen>
	</example>

	<example>
	  <title>Creating a List of Changes (as unified diffs) to &man.ls.1;</title>

	  <screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>setenv CVSROOT :pserver:anoncvs@anoncvs.FreeBSD.org:/home/ncvs</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs login</userinput>
<emphasis>At the prompt, enter the password</emphasis> <quote>anoncvs</quote>.
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs rdiff -u -rRELENG_3_0_0_RELEASE -rRELENG_3_4_0_RELEASE ls</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs logout</userinput>
	  </screen>
	</example>

	<example>
	  <title>Finding Out What Other Module Names Can Be Used:</title>

	  <screen>&prompt.user; <userinput>setenv CVSROOT :pserver:anoncvs@anoncvs.FreeBSD.org:/home/ncvs</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs login</userinput>
<emphasis>At the prompt, enter the password</emphasis> <quote>anoncvs</quote>.
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs co modules</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>more modules/modules</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs release -d modules</userinput>
&prompt.user; <userinput>cvs logout</userinput>
	  </screen>
	</example>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Other Resources</title>

	<para>The following additional resources may be helpful in learning
	  CVS:</para>

	<itemizedlist>
	  <listitem>
	    <para><ulink
		url="http://www.csc.calpoly.edu/~dbutler/tutorials/winter96/cvs/">CVS Tutorial</ulink> from Cal Poly.</para>
	  </listitem>

	  <listitem>
	    <para><ulink url="http://www.cyclic.com/">Cyclic Software</ulink>,
	      commercial maintainers of CVS.</para>
	  </listitem>

	  <listitem>
	    <para><ulink
		url="http://www.FreeBSD.org/cgi/cvsweb.cgi">CVSWeb</ulink> is
	      the FreeBSD Project web interface for CVS.</para>
	  </listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
      </sect2>
    </sect1>
    
    
  <sect1 id="ctm">
    <title>Using CTM</title>

      <para><application>CTM</application> is a method for keeping a
        remote directory tree in sync with a central one.  It has been
	developed for usage with FreeBSD's source trees, though other
	people may find it useful for other purposes as time goes by.
	Little, if any, documentation currently exists at this time on the
	process of creating deltas, so talk to &a.phk; for more
	information should you wish to use <application>CTM</application>
	for other things.</para>

      <sect2>
	<title>Why Should I Use <application>CTM</application>?</title>

	<para><application>CTM</application> will give you a local copy of
	  the FreeBSD source trees.  There are a number of
	  &ldquo;flavors&rdquo; of the tree available.  Whether you wish
	  to track the entire CVS tree or just one of the branches,
	  <application>CTM</application> can provide you the information.
	  If you are an active developer on FreeBSD, but have lousy or
	  non-existent TCP/IP connectivity, or simply wish to have the
	  changes automatically sent to you,
	  <application>CTM</application> was made for you.  You will need
	  to obtain up to three deltas per day for the most  active
	  branches.  However, you should consider having them sent by
	  automatic email.  The sizes of the updates are always kept as
	  small as possible.  This is typically less than 5K, with an
	  occasional (one in ten) being 10-50K and every now and then a
	  large 100K+ or more coming around.</para>

	<para>You will also need to make yourself aware of the various
	  caveats related to working directly from the development sources
	  rather than a pre-packaged release.  This is particularly true
	  if you choose the &ldquo;current&rdquo; sources.  It is
	  recommended that you read <link linkend="current">Staying
	  current with FreeBSD</link>.</para>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>What Do I Need to Use
	  <application>CTM</application>?</title>

	<para>You will need two things: The <application>CTM</application>
	  program, and the initial deltas to feed it (to get up to
	  &ldquo;current&rdquo; levels).</para>
	    
	<para>The <application>CTM</application> program has been part of
	  FreeBSD ever since version 2.0 was released, and lives in
	  <filename>/usr/src/usr.sbin/CTM</filename> if you have a copy
	  of the source available.</para>

	<para>If you are running a pre-2.0 version of FreeBSD, you can
	  fetch the current <application>CTM</application> sources
	  directly from:</para>
	    
	<para><ulink
	  url="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/FreeBSD-current/src/usr.sbin/ctm/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/FreeBSD-current/src/usr.sbin/ctm/</ulink></para>

	<para>The &ldquo;deltas&rdquo; you feed
	  <application>CTM</application> can be had two ways, FTP or
	  email.  If you have general FTP access to the Internet then the
	  following FTP sites support access to
	  <application>CTM</application>:</para>

	<para><ulink
	  url="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</ulink></para>

	<para>or see section <link
	  linkend="mirrors-ctm">mirrors</link>.</para>

	<para>FTP the relevant directory and fetch the
	  <filename>README</filename> file, starting from there.</para>

	<para>If you wish to get your deltas via email:</para>

	<para>Send email to &a.majordomo; to subscribe to one of the
	  <application>CTM</application> distribution lists.
	  &ldquo;ctm-cvs-cur&rdquo; supports the entire CVS tree.
	  &ldquo;ctm-src-cur&rdquo; supports the head of the development
	  branch.  &ldquo;ctm-src-2_2&rdquo; supports the 2.2 release
	  branch, etc..  (If you do not know how to subscribe yourself
	  using majordomo, send a message first containing the word
	  <literal>help</literal> &mdash; it will send you back usage
	  instructions.)</para>

	<para>When you begin receiving your <application>CTM</application>
	  updates in the mail, you may use the
	  <command>ctm_rmail</command> program to unpack and apply them.
	  You can actually use the <command>ctm_rmail</command> program
	  directly from a entry in <filename>/etc/aliases</filename> if
	  you want to have the process run in a fully automated fashion.
	  Check the <command>ctm_rmail</command> manual page for more
	  details.</para>

	<note>
	  <para>No matter what method you use to get the
	    <application>CTM</application> deltas, you should subscribe to
	    the <email>ctm-announce@FreeBSD.org</email> mailing list.  In
	    the future, this will be the only place where announcements
	    concerning the operations of the
	    <application>CTM</application> system will be posted.  Send an
	    email to &a.majordomo; with a single line of
	    <literal>subscribe ctm-announce</literal> to get added to the
	    list.</para>
	</note>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Using <application>CTM</application> for the First
	  Time</title>

	<para>Before you can start using <application>CTM</application>
	  deltas, you will need to get to a starting point for the deltas
	  produced subsequently to it.</para>

	<para>First you should determine what you already have.  Everyone
	  can start from an &ldquo;empty&rdquo; directory.  You must use
	  an initial &ldquo;Empty&rdquo; delta to start off your
	  <application>CTM</application> supported tree.  At some point it
	  is intended that one of these &ldquo;started&rdquo; deltas be
	  distributed on the CD for your convenience, however, this does
	  not currently happen.</para>

	<para>Since the trees are many tens of megabytes, you should
	  prefer to start from something already at hand.  If you have a
	  -RELEASE CD, you can copy or extract an initial source from it.
	  This will save a significant transfer of data.</para>

	<para>You can recognize these &ldquo;starter&rdquo; deltas by the
	  <literal>X</literal> appended to the number
	  (<filename>src-cur.3210XEmpty.gz</filename> for instance).  The
	  designation following the <filename>X</filename> corresponds to
	  the origin of your initial &ldquo;seed&rdquo;.
	  <filename>Empty</filename> is an empty directory.  As a rule a
	  base transition from <filename>Empty</filename> is produced
	  every 100 deltas.  By the way, they are large! 25 to 30
	  Megabytes of <command>gzip</command>'d data is common for the
	  <filename>XEmpty</filename> deltas.</para>

	<para>Once you have picked a base delta to start from, you will also
	  need all deltas with higher numbers following it.</para>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Using <application>CTM</application> in Your Daily
	  Life</title>

	<para>To apply the deltas, simply say:</para>

	<screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>cd /where/ever/you/want/the/stuff</userinput>
&prompt.root; <userinput>ctm -v -v /where/you/store/your/deltas/src-xxx.*</userinput></screen>

	<para><application>CTM</application> understands deltas which have
	  been put through <command>gzip</command>, so you do not need to
	  <command>gunzip</command> them first, this saves disk space.</para>

	<para>Unless it feels very secure about the entire process,
	  <application>CTM</application> will not touch your tree.  To
	  verify a delta you can also use the <option>-c</option> flag and
	  <application>CTM</application> will not actually touch your
	  tree; it will merely verify the integrity of the delta and see
	  if it would apply cleanly to your current tree.</para>

	<para>There are other options to <application>CTM</application>
	  as well, see the manual pages or look in the sources for more
	  information.</para>

	<para>That is really all there is to it.  Every time you get a new
	  delta, just run it through <application>CTM</application> to
	  keep your sources up to date.</para>

	<para>Do not remove the deltas if they are hard to download again.
	  You just might want to keep them around in case something bad
	  happens.  Even if you only have floppy disks, consider using
	  <command>fdwrite</command> to make a copy.</para>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Keeping Your Local Changes</title>

	<para>As a developer one would like to experiment with and change
	  files in the source tree.  <application>CTM</application>
	  supports local modifications in a limited way: before checking
	  for the presence of a file <filename>foo</filename>, it first
	  looks for <filename>foo.ctm</filename>.  If this file exists,
	  CTM will operate on it instead of
	  <filename>foo</filename>.</para>

	<para>This behavior gives us a simple way to maintain local
	  changes:  simply copy the files you plan to modify to the
	  corresponding file names with a <filename>.ctm</filename>
	  suffix.  Then you can freely hack  the code, while CTM keeps the
	  <filename>.ctm</filename> file up-to-date.</para>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Other Interesting <application>CTM</application> Options</title>

	<sect3>
	  <title>Finding Out Exactly What Would Be Touched by an
	    Update</title>

	  <para>You can determine the list of changes that
	    <application>CTM</application> will make on your source
	    repository using the <option>-l</option> option to
	    <application>CTM</application>.</para>

	  <para>This is useful if you would like to keep logs of the
	    changes, pre- or post- process the modified files in any
	    manner, or just are feeling a tad paranoid.</para>
	</sect3>

	<sect3>
	  <title>Making Backups Before Updating</title>

	  <para>Sometimes you may want to backup all the files that would
	    be changed by a <application>CTM</application> update.</para>

	  <para>Specifying the <option>-B backup-file</option> option
	    causes <application>CTM</application> to backup all files that
	    would be touched by a given <application>CTM</application>
	    delta to <filename>backup-file</filename>.</para>
	</sect3>

	<sect3>
	  <title>Restricting the Files Touched by an Update</title>

	  <para>Sometimes you would be interested in restricting the scope
	    of a given <application>CTM</application> update, or may be
	    interested in extracting just a few files from a sequence of
	    deltas.</para>

	  <para>You can control the list of files that
	    <application>CTM</application> would operate on by specifying
	    filtering regular expressions using the <option>-e</option>
	    and <option>-x</option> options.</para>

	  <para>For example, to extract an up-to-date copy of
	    <filename>lib/libc/Makefile</filename> from your collection of
	    saved CTM deltas, run the commands:</para>

	  <screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>cd /where/ever/you/want/to/extract/it/</userinput>
&prompt.root; <userinput>ctm -e '^lib/libc/Makefile' ~ctm/src-xxx.*</userinput></screen>

	  <para>For every file specified in a
	    <application>CTM</application> delta, the <option>-e</option>
	    and <option>-x</option> options are applied in the order given
	    on the command line.  The file is processed by
	    <application>CTM</application> only if it is marked as
	    eligible after all the <option>-e</option> and
	    <option>-x</option> options are applied to it.</para>
	</sect3>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Future Plans for <application>CTM</application></title>

	<para>Tons of them:</para>

	<itemizedlist>
	  <listitem>
	    <para>Use some kind of authentication into the CTM system, so
	      as to allow detection of spoofed CTM updates.</para>
	  </listitem>

	  <listitem>
	    <para>Clean up the options to <application>CTM</application>,
	      they became confusing and counter intuitive.</para>
	  </listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
      </sect2>

      <sect2>
	<title>Miscellaneous Stuff</title>

	<para>There is a sequence of deltas for the
	  <literal>ports</literal> collection too, but interest has not
	  been all that high yet.  Tell me if you want an email list for
	  that too and we will consider setting it up.</para>
      </sect2>

    <sect2 id="mirrors-ctm">
      <title>CTM Mirrors</title>
      
    <para><link linkend="ctm">CTM</link>/FreeBSD is available via anonymous
      FTP from the following mirror sites.  If you choose to obtain CTM via
      anonymous FTP, please try to use a site near you.</para>

    <para>In case of problems, please contact &a.phk;.</para>

    <variablelist>
      <varlistentry>
	<term>California, Bay Area, official source</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Germany, Trier</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.uni-trier.de/pub/unix/systems/BSD/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ftp.uni-trier.de/pub/unix/systems/BSD/FreeBSD/CTM/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>South Africa, backup server for old deltas</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Taiwan/R.O.C, Chiayi</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ctm.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ctm.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ctm2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ctm2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para><ulink
		  url="ftp://ctm3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ctm3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/freebsd/CTM/</ulink></para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>
    </variablelist>

    <para>If you did not find a mirror near to you or the mirror is
      incomplete, try  <ulink url="http://ftpsearch.ntnu.no/">FTP
	search</ulink> at <ulink
	url="http://ftpsearch.ntnu.no/ftpsearch/">http://ftpsearch.ntnu.no/ftpsearch</ulink>.
      FTP search is a great free archie server in Trondheim, Norway.</para>
  </sect2></sect1>

  <sect1 id="cvsup">
    <title>Using CVSup</title>
    
    <sect2 id="cvsup-intro">
      <title>Introduction</title>
      
      <para><application>CVSup</application> is a software package for
	distributing and updating source trees from a master CVS
	repository on a remote server host.  The FreeBSD sources are
	maintained in a CVS repository on a central development machine
	in California.  With <application>CVSup</application>, FreeBSD
	users can easily keep their own source trees up to date.</para>
      
      <para><application>CVSup</application> uses the so-called
	<emphasis>pull</emphasis> model of updating.  Under the pull
	model, each client asks the server for updates, if and when they
	are wanted.  The server waits passively for update requests from
	its clients.  Thus all updates are instigated by the client.
	The server never sends unsolicited updates.  Users must either
	run the <application>CVSup</application> client manually to get
	an update, or they must set up a <command>cron</command> job to
	run it automatically on a regular basis.</para>
      
      <para>The term <application>CVSup</application>, capitalized just
	so, refers to the entire software package.  Its main components
	are the client <command>cvsup</command> which runs on each
	user's machine, and the server <command>cvsupd</command> which
	runs at each of the FreeBSD mirror sites.</para>

      <para>As you read the FreeBSD documentation and mailing lists, you
	may see references to <application>sup</application>.
	<application>Sup</application> was the predecessor of
	<application>CVSup</application>, and it served a similar
	purpose.<application>CVSup</application> is in used in much the
	same way as sup and, in fact, uses configuration files which are
	backward-compatible with <command>sup</command>'s.
	<application>Sup</application> is no longer used in the FreeBSD
	project, because <application>CVSup</application> is both faster
	and more flexible.</para>
    </sect2>

    <sect2 id="cvsup-install">
      <title>Installation</title>
      
      <para>The easiest way to install <application>CVSup</application>
	is to use the precompiled <port>net/cvsup</port> package
	from the FreeBSD <link linkend="ports">packages collection</link>.
	If you prefer to build <application>CVSup</application> from
	source, you can use the <port>net/cvsup</port>
	port instead.  But be forewarned: the
	<port>net/cvsup</port> port depends on the Modula-3
	system, which takes a substantial amount of time and
	disk space to download and build.</para>
      
      <para>If you do not know anything about 
	<application>CVSup</application> at all and want a
	single package which will install it, set up the configuration
	file and start the transfer via a pointy-clicky type of
	interface, then get the <ulink
	  url="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CVSup/cvsupit.tgz">cvsupit</ulink>
	package.  Just hand it to &man.pkg.add.1; and it will lead you
	through the configuration process in a menu-oriented
	fashion.</para>
    </sect2>

    <sect2 id="cvsup-config">
      <title>CVSup Configuration</title>
      
      <para><application>CVSup</application>'s operation is controlled
	by a configuration file called the <filename>supfile</filename>.
	There are some sample <filename>supfiles</filename> in the
	directory <ulink
	  url="file://localhost/usr/share/examples/cvsup/">/usr/share/examples/cvsup/</ulink>.</para>
      
      <para>The information in a <filename>supfile</filename> answers
	the following questions for cvsup:</para>
      
      <itemizedlist>
	<listitem>
	  <para><link linkend="cvsup-config-files">Which files do you
	      want to receive?</link></para>
	</listitem>
	
	<listitem>
	  <para><link linkend="cvsup-config-vers">Which versions of them
	      do you want?</link></para>
	</listitem>
	
	<listitem>
	  <para><link linkend="cvsup-config-where">Where do you want to
	      get them from?</link></para>
	</listitem>
	
	<listitem>
	  <para><link linkend="cvsup-config-dest">Where do you want to
	      put them on your own machine?</link></para>
	</listitem>
	
	<listitem>
	  <para><link linkend="cvsup-config-status">Where do you want to
	      put your status files?</link></para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>

      <para>In the following sections, we will construct a typical
	<filename>supfile</filename> by answering each of these
	questions in turn.  First, we describe the overall structure of
	a <filename>supfile</filename>.</para>

      <para>A <filename>supfile</filename> is a text file.  Comments
	begin with <literal>#</literal> and extend to the end of the
	line.  Lines that are blank and lines that contain only
	comments are ignored.</para>
      
      <para>Each remaining line describes a set of files that the user
	wishes to receive.  The line begins with the name of a
	<quote>collection</quote>, a logical grouping of files defined by
	the server. The name of the collection tells the server which
	files you want.  After the collection name come zero or more
	fields, separated by white space.  These fields answer the
	questions listed above.  There are two types of fields: flag
	fields and value fields.  A flag field consists of a keyword
	standing alone, e.g., <literal>delete</literal> or
	<literal>compress</literal>.  A value field also begins with a
	keyword, but the keyword is followed without intervening white
	space by <literal>=</literal> and a second word.  For example,
	<literal>release=cvs</literal> is a value field.</para>
      
      <para>A <filename>supfile</filename> typically specifies more than
	one collection to receive.  One way to structure a
	<filename>supfile</filename> is to specify all of the relevant
	fields explicitly for each collection.  However, that tends to
	make the <filename>supfile</filename> lines quite long, and it
	is inconvenient because most fields are the same for all of the
	collections in a <filename>supfile</filename>.
	<application>CVSup</application> provides a defaulting mechanism
	to avoid these problems.  Lines beginning with the special
	pseudo-collection name <literal>*default</literal> can be used
	to set flags and values which will be used as defaults for the
	subsequent collections in the <filename>supfile</filename>.  A
	default value can be overridden for an individual collection, by
	specifying a different value with the collection itself.
	Defaults can also be changed or augmented in mid-supfile by
	additional <literal>*default</literal> lines.</para>

      <para>With this background, we will now proceed to construct a
	<filename>supfile</filename> for receiving and updating the main
	source tree of <link
	  linkend="current">FreeBSD-CURRENT</link>.</para>

      <itemizedlist>
	<listitem>
	  <para><anchor id="cvsup-config-files">Which files do you want
	    to receive?</para>
	  
	  <para>The files available via <application>CVSup</application>
	    are organized into named groups called
	    <quote>collections</quote>.  The collections that are
	    available are described <link
	      linkend="cvsup-collec">here</link>.  In this example, we
	    wish to receive the entire main source tree for the FreeBSD
	    system.  There is a single large collection
	    <literal>src-all</literal> which will give us all of that.
	    As a first step toward constructing our
            <filename>supfile</filename>, we
	    simply list the collections, one per line (in this case,
            only one line):</para>

	  <programlisting>src-all</programlisting>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <para><anchor id="cvsup-config-vers">Which version(s) of them
	    do you want?</para>

	  <para>With <application>CVSup</application>, you can receive
	    virtually any version of the sources that ever existed.
	    That is possible because the
	    <application>cvsupd</application> server works directly from
	    the CVS repository, which contains all of the versions.  You
	    specify which one of them you want using the
	    <literal>tag=</literal> and <option>date=</option> value
	    fields.</para>
	  
	  <warning>
	    <para>Be very careful to specify any <literal>tag=</literal>
	      fields correctly.  Some tags are valid only for certain
	      collections of files.  If you specify an incorrect or
	      misspelled tag, <application>CVSup</application>
	      will delete files which you probably
	      do not want deleted.  In particular, use <emphasis>only
	      </emphasis> <literal>tag=.</literal> for the
	      <literal>ports-*</literal> collections.</para>
	  </warning>

	  <para>The <literal>tag=</literal> field names a symbolic tag
	    in the repository.  There are two kinds of tags, revision
	    tags and branch tags.  A revision tag refers to a specific
	    revision.  Its meaning stays the same from day to day.  A
	    branch tag, on the other hand, refers to the latest revision
	    on a given line of development, at any given time.  Because
	    a branch tag does not refer to a specific revision, it may
	    mean something different tomorrow than it means
	    today.</para>
	  
	  <para>Here are the branch tags that users might be interested
	    in.  Keep in mind that only the <literal>tag=.</literal> is
	    relevant for the ports collection.</para>
	  
	  <variablelist>
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=.</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>The main line of development, also known as
		  FreeBSD-CURRENT.</para>

		<note>
		  <para>The <literal>.</literal> is not punctuation; it
		    is the name of the tag.  Valid for all
		    collections.</para>
		</note>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_4</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>The line of development for FreeBSD-4.X, also known as
		  FreeBSD-STABLE.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_4_3</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>The release branch for FreeBSD-4.3, used only
		  for security advisories and other seriously critical
		  fixes.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	    
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_3</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>The line of development for FreeBSD-3.X</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	      
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2</term>
		
	      <listitem>
		<para>The line of development for FreeBSD-2.2.X, also
		  known as 2.2-STABLE.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	  </variablelist>
	    
	  <para>Here are the revision tags that users might be interested
	    in.  Again, these are not valid for the ports
	    collection.</para>
	  
	  <variablelist>
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_4_3_0_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD 4.3.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_4_2_0_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-4.2.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	    
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_4_1_1_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-4.1.1.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_4_1_0_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-4.1.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_4_0_0_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-4.0.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	    
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_3_5_0_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-3.5.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_3_4_0_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-3.4.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	    
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_3_3_0_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-3.3.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	    
	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_3_2_0_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-3.2.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_3_1_0_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-3.1.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_3_0_0_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-3.0.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2_8_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-2.2.8.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2_7_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-2.2.7.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2_6_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-2.2.6.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2_5_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-2.2.5.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2_2_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-2.2.2.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2_1_RELEASE</term>
	      
	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-2.2.1.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>

	    <varlistentry>
	      <term>tag=RELENG_2_2_0_RELEASE</term>

	      <listitem>
		<para>FreeBSD-2.2.0.</para>
	      </listitem>
	    </varlistentry>
	  </variablelist>

	  <warning>
	    <para>Be very careful to type the tag name exactly as shown.
	      <application>CVSup</application> cannot distinguish
	      between valid and invalid tags.  If you misspell the tag,
	      <application>CVSup</application> will behave as though you
	      had specified a valid tag which happens to refer to no
	      files at all.  It will delete your existing sources in
	      that case.</para>
	  </warning>

	  <para>When you specify a branch tag, you normally receive the
	    latest versions of the files on that line of development.
	    If you wish to receive some past version, you can do so by
	    specifying a date with the <option>date=</option> value
	    field. The &man.cvsup.1; manual page explains how to do
	    that.</para>

	  <para>For our example, we wish to receive FreeBSD-CURRENT.  We
	    add this line at the beginning of our
	    <filename>supfile</filename>:</para>
	  
	  <programlisting>*default tag=.</programlisting>

	  <para>There is an important special case that comes into play
	    if you specify neither a <literal>tag=</literal> field nor a
	    <literal>date=</literal> field.  In that case, you receive
	    the actual RCS files directly from the server's CVS
	    repository, rather than receiving a particular version.
	    Developers generally prefer this mode of operation.  By
	    maintaining a copy of the repository itself on their
	    systems, they gain the ability to browse the revision
	    histories and examine past versions of files.  This gain is
	    achieved at a large cost in terms of disk space,
	    however.</para>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <para><anchor id="cvsup-config-where">Where do you want to get
	    them from?</para>
	  
	  <para>We use the <literal>host=</literal> field to tell
	    <command>cvsup</command> where to obtain its updates.  Any
	    of the <link linkend="cvsup-mirrors">CVSup mirror
	      sites</link> will do, though you should try to select one
	    that is close to you in cyberspace.  In this example we will
	    use a fictional FreeBSD distribution site,
	    <hostid role="fqdn">cvsup666.FreeBSD.org</hostid>:</para>

	  <programlisting>*default host=cvsup666.FreeBSD.org</programlisting>
	  
	  <para>You will need to change the host to one that actually
	    exists before running <application>CVSup</application>.
	    On any particular run of
	    <command>cvsup</command>, you can override the host  setting
	    on the command line, with <option>-h
	      <replaceable>hostname</replaceable></option>.</para>
	</listitem>
	
	<listitem>
	  <para><anchor id="cvsup-config-dest">Where do you want to put
	    them on your own machine?</para>
	  
	  <para>The <literal>prefix=</literal> field tells
	    <command>cvsup</command> where to put the files it receives.
	    In this example, we will put the source files directly into
	    our main source tree, <filename>/usr/src</filename>.  The
	    <filename>src</filename> directory is already implicit in
	    the collections we have chosen to receive, so this is the
	    correct specification:</para>
	  
	  <programlisting>*default prefix=/usr</programlisting>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <para><anchor id="cvsup-config-status">Where should
	    <command>cvsup</command> maintain its status files?</para>

	  <para>The <application>CVSup</application> client maintains
	    certain status files in what
	    is called the <quote>base</quote> directory.  These files
	    help <application>CVSup</application> to work more
	    efficiently, by keeping track of which updates you have
	    already received.  We will use the standard base directory,
	    <filename>/usr/local/etc/cvsup</filename>:</para>

	  <programlisting>*default base=/usr/local/etc/cvsup</programlisting>

	  <para>This setting is used by default if it is not specified
	    in the <filename>supfile</filename>, so we actually do not
	    need the above line.</para>
	  
	  <para>If your base directory does not already exist, now would
	    be a good time to create it.  The <command>cvsup</command>
	    client will refuse to run if the base directory does not
	    exist.</para>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <para>Miscellaneous <filename>supfile</filename>
	    settings:</para>
	  
	  <para>There is one more line of boiler plate that normally
	    needs to be present in the
	    <filename>supfile</filename>:</para>

	  <programlisting>*default release=cvs delete use-rel-suffix compress</programlisting>

	  <para><literal>release=cvs</literal> indicates that the server
	    should get its information out of the main FreeBSD CVS
	    repository.  This is virtually always the case, but there
	    are other possibilities which are beyond the scope of this
	    discussion.</para>
	  
	  <para><literal>delete</literal> gives
	    <application>CVSup</application> permission to delete files.
	    You should always specify this, so that
	    <application>CVSup</application> can keep your source tree
	    fully up-to-date.  <application>CVSup</application> is
	    careful to delete only those files for which it is
	    responsible.  Any extra files you happen to have will be
	    left strictly alone.</para>
	  
	  <para><literal>use-rel-suffix</literal> is ... arcane.  If you
	    really want to know about it, see the &man.cvsup.1; manual
	    page.  Otherwise, just specify it and do not worry about
	    it.</para>

	  <para><literal>compress</literal> enables the use of
	    gzip-style compression on the communication channel.  If
	    your network link is T1 speed or faster, you probably should
	    not use compression.  Otherwise, it helps
	    substantially.</para>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <para>Putting it all together:</para>

	  <para>Here is the entire <filename>supfile</filename> for our
	    example:</para>

	  <programlisting>*default tag=.
*default host=cvsup666.FreeBSD.org
*default prefix=/usr
*default base=/usr/local/etc/cvsup
*default release=cvs delete use-rel-suffix compress

src-all</programlisting>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
      <sect3>
       <title>The refuse File</title>

       <para>As mentioned above, <application>CVSup</application> uses
       a <emphasis>pull method</emphasis>. Basically, this means that
       you connect to the <application>CVSup</application> server, and
       it says, <quote>Here's what you can download from
       me...</quote>, and your client responds <quote>OK, I'll take
       this, this, this, and this.</quote> In the default
       configuration, the <application>CVSup</application> client will
       take every file associated with the collection and tag you
       chose in the configuration file. However, this is not always
       what you want, especially if you are synching the doc, ports, or
       www trees &mdash; most people cannot read four or five
       languages, and therefore they do not need to download the
       language-specific files. If you are
       <application>CVSup</application>ing the ports collection, you
       can get around this by specifying each collection individually
       (e.g., <emphasis>ports-astrology</emphasis>,
       <emphasis>ports-biology</emphasis>, etc instead of simply
       saying <emphasis>ports-all</emphasis>). However, since the doc
       and www trees do not have language-specific collections, you
       must use one of <application>CVSup</application>'s many nifty
       features; the <emphasis>refuse file</emphasis>.</para>

       <para>The <emphasis>refuse file</emphasis> essentially tells
       <application>CVSup</application> that it should not take every
       single file from a collection; in other words, it tells the
       client to <emphasis>refuse</emphasis> certain files from the
       server. The refuse file can be found (or, if you do not yet
       have one, should be placed) in
       <filename><replaceable>base</replaceable>/sup/refuse</filename>.
       <replaceable>base</replaceable> is defined in your supfile; by
       default, <replaceable>base</replaceable> is
       <filename>/usr/local/etc/cvsup</filename>, 
       which means that by default the refuse file is in 
       <filename>/usr/local/etc/cvsup/sup/refuse</filename>.</para>

       <para>The refuse file has a very simple format; it simply
       contains the names of files or directories that you do not wish
       to download.  For example, if you cannot speak any languages other
       than English and some German, and you do not feel the need to use
       the German applications, you can put the following in your
       <emphasis>refuse file</emphasis>:</para>

       <screen>ports/chinese
ports/german
ports/japanese
ports/korean
ports/russian
ports/vietnamese
doc/es_ES.ISO8859-1
doc/ja_JP.eucJP</screen>

       <para>and so forth for the other languages. Note that the name
       of the repository is the first <quote>directory</quote> in the
       <emphasis>refuse file</emphasis>.</para>

       <para>With this very useful feature, those users who are on
       slow links or pay by the minute for their Internet connection
       will be able to save valuable time as they will no longer need
       to download files that they will never use. For more
       information on <emphasis>refuse files</emphasis> and other neat
       features of <application>CVSup</application>, please view its
       manual page.</para> 
      </sect3>
    </sect2>
    
    <sect2>
      <title>Running <application>CVSup</application></title>
      
      <para>You are now ready to try an update.  The command line for
	doing this is quite simple:</para>

      <screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>cvsup <replaceable>supfile</replaceable></userinput></screen>

      <para>where <filename><replaceable>supfile</replaceable></filename>
	is of course the name of the supfile you have just created. 
	Assuming you are running under X11, <command>cvsup</command>
	will display a GUI window with some buttons to do the usual
	things.  Press the <quote>go</quote> button, and watch it
	run.</para>
      
      <para>Since you are updating your actual
	<filename>/usr/src</filename> tree in this example, you will
	need to run the program as <username>root</username> so that
	<command>cvsup</command> has the permissions it needs to update
	your files.  Having just created your configuration file, and
	having never used this program before, that might
	understandably make you nervous. There is an easy way to do a
	trial run without touching your precious files.  Just create an
	empty directory somewhere convenient, and name it as an extra
	argument on the command line:</para>

      <screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>mkdir /var/tmp/dest</userinput>
&prompt.root; <userinput>cvsup supfile /var/tmp/dest</userinput></screen>
      
      <para>The directory you specify will be used as the destination
	directory for all file updates.
	<application>CVSup</application> will examine your usual files
	in <filename>/usr/src</filename>, but it will not modify or
	delete any of them.  Any file updates will instead land in
	<filename>/var/tmp/dest/usr/src</filename>.
	<application>CVSup</application> will also leave its base
	directory status files untouched when run this way.  The new
	versions of those files will be written into the specified
	directory.  As long as you have read access to
	<filename>/usr/src</filename>, you do not even need to be root
	to perform this kind of trial run.</para>
      
      <para>If you are not running X11 or if you just do not like GUIs,
	you should add a couple of options to the command line when you
	run cvsup:</para>
      
      <screen>&prompt.root; <userinput>cvsup -g -L 2 supfile</userinput></screen>
	    
      <para>The <option>-g</option> tells
	<application>CVSup</application> not to use its GUI.  This is
	automatic if you are not running X11, but otherwise you have to
	specify it.</para>
      
      <para>The <option>-L 2</option> tells 
	<application>CVSup</application> to print out the
	details of all the file updates it is doing.  There are three
	levels of verbosity, from <option>-L 0</option> to
	<option>-L 2</option>.  The default is 0, which means total
	silence except for error messages.</para>
      
      <para>There are plenty of other options available.  For a brief
	list of them, type <command>cvsup -H</command>.  For more
	detailed descriptions, see the manual page.</para>

      <para>Once you are satisfied with the way updates are working, you
	can arrange for regular runs of <application>CVSup</application>
	using &man.cron.8;.
	Obviously, you should not let <application>CVSup</application>
	use its GUI when running it from &man.cron.8;.</para>
    </sect2>

    <sect2 id="cvsup-collec">
      <title><application>CVSup</application> File Collections</title>
	    
      <para>The file collections available via
	<application>CVSup</application> are organized hierarchically.
	There are a few large collections, and they are divided into
	smaller sub-collections.  Receiving a large collection is
	equivalent to receiving each of its sub-collections.  The
	hierarchical relationships among collections are reflected by
	the use of indentation in the list below.</para>
      
      <para>The most commonly used collections are
	<literal>src-all</literal>, and
	<literal>ports-all</literal>.  The other collections are used
	only by small groups of people for specialized purposes, and
	some mirror sites may not carry all of them.</para>
      
      <variablelist>
	<varlistentry>
	  <term><literal>cvs-all release=cvs</literal></term>
	  
	  <listitem>
	    <para>The main FreeBSD CVS repository, including the
	      cryptography code.</para>
	    
	    <variablelist>
	      <varlistentry>
		<term><literal>distrib release=cvs</literal></term>
		
		<listitem>
		  <para>Files related to the distribution and mirroring
		    of FreeBSD.</para>
		</listitem>
	      </varlistentry>
	      
	      <varlistentry>
		<term><literal>doc-all release=cvs</literal></term>

		<listitem>
		  <para>Sources for the FreeBSD Handbook and other
		    documentation.</para>
		</listitem>
	      </varlistentry>

	      <varlistentry>
		<term><literal>ports-all release=cvs</literal></term>

		<listitem>
		  <para>The FreeBSD Ports Collection.</para>

		  <variablelist>
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-archivers
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Archiving tools.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-astro
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Astronomical ports.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-audio
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Sound support.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-base
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Miscellaneous files at the top of
			  /usr/ports.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-benchmarks
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Benchmarks.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-biology
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Biology.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-cad
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Computer aided design tools.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-chinese
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
			
		      <listitem>
			<para>Chinese language support.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-comms
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Communication software.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-converters
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>character code converters.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-databases
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Databases.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>
		    
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-deskutils
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Things that used to be on the desktop
			  before computers were invented.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-devel
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Development utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-editors
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Editors.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-emulators
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Emulators for other operating
			  systems.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-ftp
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>FTP client and server utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-games
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Games.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>
		    
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-german
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>German language support.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-graphics
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Graphics utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-irc
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Internet Relay Chat utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-japanese
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Japanese language support.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>
		    
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-java
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Java utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-korean
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Korean language support.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-lang
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Programming languages.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-mail
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Mail software.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-math
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Numerical computation software.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-mbone
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>MBone applications.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-misc
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Miscellaneous utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-net
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Networking software.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-news
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>USENET news software.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>
		    
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-palm
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Software support for 3Com Palm(tm)
			  series.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-print
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Printing software.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-russian
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Russian language support.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-security
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Security utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-shells
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Command line shells.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-sysutils
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>System utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-textproc
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>text processing utilities (does not
			  include desktop publishing).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-vietnamese
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Vietnamese language support.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-www
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Software related to the World Wide
			  Web.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-x11
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Ports to support the X window
			  system.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-x11-clocks
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>X11 clocks.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-x11-fm
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>X11 file managers.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-x11-fonts
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>X11 fonts and font utilities.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-x11-toolkits
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>X11 toolkits.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-x11-servers</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>X11 servers.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>ports-x11-wm</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>X11 window managers.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>
		  </variablelist>
		</listitem>
	      </varlistentry>

	      <varlistentry>
		<term><literal>src-all release=cvs</literal></term>
		
		<listitem>
		  <para>The main FreeBSD sources, including the
		    cryptography code.</para>

		  <variablelist>
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-base
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Miscellaneous files at the top of
			  <filename>/usr/src</filename>.</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-bin
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>User utilities that may be needed in
			  single-user mode
			  (<filename>/usr/src/bin</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-contrib
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Utilities and libraries from outside the
			  FreeBSD project, used relatively unmodified
			  (<filename>/usr/src/contrib</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

                    <varlistentry>
                      <term><literal>src-crypto release=cvs</literal></term>

                      <listitem>
                        <para>Cryptography utilities and libraries from
                          outside the FreeBSD project, used relatively
                          unmodified
                          (<filename>/usr/src/crypto</filename>).</para>
                          </listitem>
                    </varlistentry>

                    <varlistentry>
                      <term><literal>src-eBones release=cvs</literal></term>
		
                      <listitem>
                        <para>Kerberos and DES
                          (<filename>/usr/src/eBones</filename>).  Not
                          used in current releases of FreeBSD.</para>
                      </listitem>
                    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-etc
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>System configuration files
			  (<filename>/usr/src/etc</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-games
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Games
			  (<filename>/usr/src/games</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-gnu
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Utilities covered by the GNU Public
			  License (<filename>/usr/src/gnu</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-include
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Header files
			  (<filename>/usr/src/include</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-kerberos5
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Kerberos5 security package
			  (<filename>/usr/src/kerberos5</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-kerberosIV
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>KerberosIV security package
			  (<filename>/usr/src/kerberosIV</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-lib
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Libraries
			  (<filename>/usr/src/lib</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-libexec
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>System programs normally executed by other
			  programs
			  (<filename>/usr/src/libexec</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>
		    
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-release
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>Files required to produce a FreeBSD
			  release
			  (<filename>/usr/src/release</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

                    <varlistentry>
                      <term><literal>src-secure release=cvs</literal></term>

                      <listitem>
                        <para>DES (<filename>/usr/src/secure</filename>).</para>
                      </listitem>
                    </varlistentry>
		    
		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-sbin
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>System utilities for single-user mode
			  (<filename>/usr/src/sbin</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-share
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Files that can be shared across multiple
			  systems
			  (<filename>/usr/src/share</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-sys
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>The kernel
			  (<filename>/usr/src/sys</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

                    <varlistentry>
                      <term><literal>src-sys-crypto
                        release=cvs</literal></term>
		
                      <listitem>
                        <para>Kernel cryptography code
                          (<filename>/usr/src/sys/crypto</filename>).</para>
                      </listitem>
                    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-tools
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>Various tools for the maintenance of
			  FreeBSD
			  (<filename>/usr/src/tools</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-usrbin
			  release=cvs</literal></term>

		      <listitem>
			<para>User utilities
			  (<filename>/usr/src/usr.bin</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>

		    <varlistentry>
		      <term><literal>src-usrsbin
			  release=cvs</literal></term>
		      
		      <listitem>
			<para>System utilities
			  (<filename>/usr/src/usr.sbin</filename>).</para>
		      </listitem>
		    </varlistentry>
		  </variablelist>
		</listitem>
	      </varlistentry>
	      
	      <varlistentry>
		<term><literal>www release=cvs</literal></term>
		
		<listitem>
		  <para>The sources for the World Wide Web data.</para>
		</listitem>
	      </varlistentry>
	    </variablelist>
	  </listitem>
	</varlistentry>
	
	<varlistentry>
	  <term><literal>distrib release=self</literal></term>

	  <listitem>
	    <para>The <application>CVSup</application> server's own 
	      configuration files.  Used by <application>CVSup</application>
	      mirror sites.</para>
	  </listitem>
	</varlistentry>

	<varlistentry>
	  <term><literal>gnats release=current</literal></term>

	  <listitem>
	    <para>The GNATS bug-tracking database.</para>
	  </listitem>
	</varlistentry>

	<varlistentry>
	  <term><literal>mail-archive release=current</literal></term>
	  
	  <listitem>
	    <para>FreeBSD mailing list archive.</para>
	  </listitem>
	</varlistentry>

	<varlistentry>
	  <term><literal>www release=current</literal></term>

	  <listitem>
	    <para>The installed World Wide Web data.  Used by WWW mirror
	      sites.</para>
	  </listitem>
	</varlistentry>
      </variablelist>
    </sect2>

    <sect2>
      <title>For More Information</title>

      <para>For the <application>CVSup</application> FAQ and other 
	information about <application>CVSup</application>, see
	<ulink url="http://www.polstra.com/projects/freeware/CVSup/">The
	  CVSup Home Page</ulink>.</para>

      <para>Most FreeBSD-related discussion of
	<application>CVSup</application> takes place on the
	&a.hackers;.  New versions of the software are announced there,
	as well as on the &a.announce;.</para>
      
      <para>Questions and bug reports should be addressed to the author
	of the program at <email>cvsup-bugs@polstra.com</email>.</para>
    </sect2>

    <sect2 id="cvsup-mirrors">
    <title>CVSup Sites</title>

    <para><link linkend="cvsup">CVSup</link> servers for FreeBSD are running
      at the following sites:</para>

    <variablelist>
      <varlistentry>
	<term>Argentina</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.ar.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>msagre@cactus.fi.uba.ar</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Australia</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.au.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>dawes@xfree86.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.au.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>FreeBSD@admin.gil.com.au</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Austria</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.at.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>postmaster@wu-wien.ac.at</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Brazil</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.br.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@cvsup.br.FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.br.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>tps@ti.sk</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.br.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>camposr@matrix.com.br</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Canada</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.ca.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>dan@jaded.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.ca.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>hostmaster@ca.freebsd.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>China</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.cn.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>phj@cn.FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
        <term>Czech Republic</term>

        <listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
              <para>cvsup.cz.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
              <email>cejkar@dcse.fee.vutbr.cz</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
          </itemizedlist>
        </listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Denmark</term>

	<listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.dk.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
	      <email>jesper@skriver.dk</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
          </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Estonia</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.ee.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>taavi@uninet.ee</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Finland</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.fi.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>count@key.sms.fi</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

            <listitem>
              <para>cvsup2.fi.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
                <email>count@key.sms.fi</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>France</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.fr.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>hostmaster@fr.FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.fr.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>ftpmaint@uvsq.fr</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Germany</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.de.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>rse@freebsd.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup1.de.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>wosch@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.de.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@nikoma.de</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.de.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>ag@leo.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup4.de.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@cosmo-project.de</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup5.de.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>rse@freebsd.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Greece</term>
	<listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.gr.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
	      <email>ftpadm@duth.gr</email>)</para>
            </listitem>

            <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.gr.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
	      <email>paschos@cs.uoi.gr</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
          </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Iceland</term>

	<listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.is.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
	      <email>adam@veda.is</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
          </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Ireland</term>

	<listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.ie.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
	      <email>dwmalone@maths.tcd.ie</email>),
	      Trinity College, Dublin.</para>
            </listitem>
          </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Japan</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.jp.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsupadm@jp.FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.jp.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>max@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.jp.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>shige@cin.nihon-u.ac.jp</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup4.jp.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup-admin@ftp.media.kyoto-u.ac.jp</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup5.jp.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@imasy.or.jp</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup6.jp.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsupadm@jp.FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Korea</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.kr.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cjh@kr.FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.kr.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>holywar@mail.holywar.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Lithuania</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.lt.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>domas.mituzas@delfi.lt</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Netherlands</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.nl.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>xaa@xaa.iae.nl</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.nl.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@nl.uu.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Norway</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.no.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>Per.Hove@math.ntnu.no</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Poland</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.pl.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>Mariusz@kam.pl</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Portugal</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.pt.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>jpedras@webvolution.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Russia</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.ru.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>ache@nagual.pp.ru</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.ru.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>dv@dv.ru</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.ru.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>fjoe@iclub.nsu.ru</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup4.ru.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>zhecka@klondike.ru</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup5.ru.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>maxim@macomnet.ru</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup6.ru.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>pvr@corbina.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Slovak Republic</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.sk.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>tps@tps.sk</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.sk.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>tps@tps.sk</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
        <term>Slovenia</term>

        <listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
              <para>cvsup.si.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
              <email>blaz@si.FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
           </itemizedlist>
        </listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>South Africa</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.za.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>markm@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.za.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>markm@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
        <term>Spain</term>

        <listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
              <para>cvsup.es.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
              <email>jesusr@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
            </listitem>

            <listitem>
              <para>cvsup2.es.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
              <email>jesusr@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
            </listitem>

            <listitem>
              <para>cvsup3.es.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
              <email>jose@we.lc.ehu.es</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
           </itemizedlist>
        </listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Sweden</term>

	<listitem>
          <itemizedlist>
            <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.se.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
	      <email>pantzer@ludd.luth.se</email>)</para>
            </listitem>

            <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.se.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
	      <email>cvsup@dataphone.net</email>)</para>
            </listitem>
          </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Taiwan</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.tw.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>jdli@freebsd.csie.nctu.edu.tw</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.tw.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>ycheng@sinica.edu.tw</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.tw.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>foxfair@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>Ukraine</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.ua.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>freebsd-mnt@lucky.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.ua.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>ftpmaster@ukr.net</email>), Kiev</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup4.ua.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>phantom@cris.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>United Kingdom</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup.uk.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>ftp-admin@plig.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.uk.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>brian@FreeBSD.org</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.uk.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>ben.hughes@uk.easynet.net</email>)</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>

      <varlistentry>
	<term>USA</term>

	<listitem>
	  <itemizedlist>
	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup1.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>skynyrd@opus.cts.cwu.edu</email>), Washington
		state</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup2.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>jdp@FreeBSD.org</email>), California</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup3.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>wollman@FreeBSD.org</email>), Massachusetts</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup4.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>rgrimes@FreeBSD.org</email>), Oregon</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup5.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>mjr@blackened.com</email>), Arizona</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup7.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>jdp@FreeBSD.org</email>), Washington state</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup8.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>hostmaster@bigmirror.com</email>), Washington
		state</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup9.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>qbsd@uswest.net</email>), Minnesota</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup10.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>jdp@FreeBSD.org</email>), California</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup11.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@research.uu.net</email>), Virginia</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup12.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>will@FreeBSD.org</email>), Indiana</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup13.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>dima@valueclick.com</email>), California</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup14.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>freebsd-cvsup@mfnx.net</email>), California</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup15.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@math.uic.edu</email>), Illinois</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup16.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>pth3k@virginia.edu</email>), Virginia</para>
	    </listitem>

	    <listitem>
	      <para>cvsup17.FreeBSD.org (maintainer
		<email>cvsup@mirrortree.com</email>), Washington state</para>
	    </listitem>
	  </itemizedlist>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>
    </variablelist>
  </sect2>
  </sect1>
    
  <sect1 id="mirrors-afs">
    <title>AFS Sites</title>

    <para>AFS servers for FreeBSD are running at the following sites;</para>

    <variablelist>
      <varlistentry>
	<term>Sweden</term>

	<listitem>
	  <para>The path to the files are:
  	    <filename>/afs/stacken.kth.se/ftp/pub/FreeBSD/</filename></para>

	  <programlisting>stacken.kth.se         # Stacken Computer Club, KTH, Sweden
130.237.234.43         #hot.stacken.kth.se
130.237.237.230        #fishburger.stacken.kth.se
130.237.234.3          #milko.stacken.kth.se</programlisting>

	  <para>Maintainer <email>ftp@stacken.kth.se</email></para>
	</listitem>
      </varlistentry>
    </variablelist>
  </sect1>
</appendix>

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