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.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2008-2019 Hans Petter Selasky
.\"
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
.\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
.\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
.\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.\" $FreeBSD$
.\"
.Dd December 27, 2019
.Dt LIBUSB20 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm libusb20
.
.Nd "USB access library"
.
.
.Sh LIBRARY
.
.
USB access library (libusb -lusb)
.
.
.
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In libusb20.h
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_tr_close "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_tr_open "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "uint32_t max_buf_size" "uint32_t max_frame_count" "uint8_t ep_no"
.Fn libusb20_tr_open_stream "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "uint32_t max_buf_size" "uint32_t max_frame_count" "uint8_t ep_no" "uint16_t stream_id"
.Ft struct libusb20_transfer*
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_pointer "struct libusb20_device *pdev"  "uint16_t tr_index"
.Ft uint16_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_time_complete "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft uint32_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_actual_frames "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft uint32_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_actual_length "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft uint32_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_frames "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft uint32_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_packet_length "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft uint32_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_total_length "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_status "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_pending "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_callback_wrapper "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_clear_stall_sync "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_drain "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_buffer "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *buffer" "uint16_t fr_index"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_callback "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "libusb20_tr_callback_t *cb"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_flags "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "uint8_t flags"
.Ft uint32_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_length "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "uint16_t fr_index"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_length "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "uint32_t length" "uint16_t fr_index"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_priv_sc0 "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *sc0"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_priv_sc1 "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *sc1"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_timeout "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "uint32_t timeout"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_total_frames "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "uint32_t nframes"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_bulk "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *pbuf" "uint32_t length" "uint32_t timeout"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_control "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *psetup" "void *pbuf" "uint32_t timeout"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_intr "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *pbuf" "uint32_t length" "uint32_t timeout"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_isoc "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *pbuf" "uint32_t length" "uint61_t fr_index"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_tr_bulk_intr_sync "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer" "void *pbuf" "uint32_t length" "uint32_t *pactlen" "uint32_t timeout"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_start "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_stop "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_tr_submit "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void *
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_priv_sc0 "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft void *
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_priv_sc1 "struct libusb20_transfer *xfer"
.Ft const char *
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_backend_name "struct libusb20_device *"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_port_path "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t *buf" "uint8_t bufsize"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_info "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "struct usb_device_info *pinfo"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_iface_desc "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t iface_index" "char *buf" "uint8_t len"
.Ft const char *
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_desc "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_stats "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "struct libusb20_device_stats *pstats"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_close "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_detach_kernel_driver "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t iface_index"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_config_index "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t configIndex"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_debug "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_fd "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_kernel_driver_active "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t iface_index"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_open "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint16_t transfer_max"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_process "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_request_sync "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "struct LIBUSB20_CONTROL_SETUP_DECODED *setup" "void *data" "uint16_t *pactlen" "uint32_t timeout" "uint8_t flags"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_req_string_sync "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t index" "uint16_t langid" "void *ptr" "uint16_t len"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_req_string_simple_sync "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t index" "void *ptr" "uint16_t len"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_reset "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_check_connected "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_power_mode "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t power_mode"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_power_mode "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft uint16_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_power_usage "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_alt_index "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t iface_index" "uint8_t alt_index"
.Ft struct LIBUSB20_DEVICE_DESC_DECODED *
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_device_desc "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft struct libusb20_config *
.Fn libusb20_dev_alloc_config "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "uint8_t config_index"
.Ft struct libusb20_device *
.Fn libusb20_dev_alloc "void"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_address "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_parent_address "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_parent_port "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_bus_number "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_mode "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_speed "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_config_index "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_dev_free "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_debug "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "int debug"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_dev_wait_process "struct libusb20_device *pdev" "int timeout"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_be_get_template "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "int *ptemp"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_be_set_template "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "int temp"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_be_get_dev_quirk "struct libusb20_backend *pber" "uint16_t index" "struct libusb20_quirk *pq"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_be_get_quirk_name "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "uint16_t index" "struct libusb20_quirk *pq"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_be_add_dev_quirk "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "struct libusb20_quirk *pq"
.Ft int
.Fn libusb20_be_remove_dev_quirk "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "struct libusb20_quirk *pq"
.Ft struct libusb20_backend *
.Fn libusb20_be_alloc_default "void"
.Ft struct libusb20_backend *
.Fn libusb20_be_alloc_freebsd "void"
.Ft struct libusb20_backend *
.Fn libusb20_be_alloc_linux "void"
.Ft struct libusb20_device *
.Fn libusb20_be_device_foreach  "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_be_dequeue_device "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_be_enqueue_device "struct libusb20_backend *pbe" "struct libusb20_device *pdev"
.Ft void
.Fn libusb20_be_free "struct libusb20_backend *pbe"
.Ft uint8_t
.Fn libusb20_me_get_1 "const struct libusb20_me_struct *me" "uint16_t off"
.Ft uint16_t
.Fn libusb20_me_get_2 "const struct libusb20_me_struct *me" "uint16_t off"
.Ft uint16_t
.Fn libusb20_me_encode "void *pdata" "uint16_t len" "const void *pdecoded"
.Ft uint16_t
.Fn libusb20_me_decode "const void *pdata" "uint16_t len" "void *pdecoded"
.Ft "const uint8_t *"
.Fn libusb20_desc_foreach "const struct libusb20_me_struct *me" "const uint8_t *pdesc"
.Ft "const char *"
.Fn libusb20_strerror "int code"
.Ft "const char *"
.Fn libusb20_error_name "int code"
.
.
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.
The
.Nm
library implements functions to be able to easily access and control
USB through the USB file system interface.
The
.Nm
interfaces are specific to the
.Fx
usb stack and are not available on other operating systems, portable
applications should consider using
.Xr libusb 3 .
.
.
.Sh USB TRANSFER OPERATIONS
.
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_close
will release all kernel resources associated with an USB
.Fa xfer .
.
This function returns zero upon success.
.
Non-zero return values indicate a LIBUSB20_ERROR value.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_open
will allocate kernel buffer resources according to
.Fa max_buf_size
and
.Fa max_frame_count
associated with an USB
.Fa pxfer
and bind the transfer to the specified
.Fa ep_no .
.Fa max_buf_size
is the minimum buffer size which the data transport layer has to support.
If
.Fa max_buf_size
is zero, the
.Nm
library will use wMaxPacketSize to compute the buffer size.
This can be useful for isochronous transfers.
The actual buffer size can be greater than
.Fa max_buf_size
and is returned by
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_total_length .
.
If
.Fa max_frame_count
is OR'ed with LIBUSB20_MAX_FRAME_PRE_SCALE the remaining part of the
argument is converted from milliseconds into the actual number of
frames rounded up, when this function returns.
This flag is only valid for ISOCHRONOUS transfers and has no effect
for other transfer types.
The actual number of frames setup is found by calling
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_frames .
.
This function returns zero upon success.
.
Non-zero return values indicate a LIBUSB20_ERROR value.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_open_stream
is identical to
.Fn libusb20_tr_open
except that a stream ID can be specified for BULK endpoints having
such a feature.
.Fn libusb20_tr_open
can be used to open stream ID zero.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_pointer
will return a pointer to the allocated USB transfer according to the
.Fa pdev
and
.Fa tr_index
arguments.
.
This function returns NULL in case of failure.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_time_complete
will return the completion time of an USB transfer in
millisecond units.
This function is most useful for isochronous USB transfers when doing echo
cancelling.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_actual_frames
will return the actual number of USB frames after an USB
transfer completed.
A value of zero means that no data was transferred.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_actual_length
will return the sum of the actual length for all
transferred USB frames for the given USB transfer.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_frames
will return the maximum number of USB frames that were
allocated when an USB transfer was setup for the given USB transfer.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_packet_length
will return the maximum packet length in bytes
associated with the given USB transfer.
.
The packet length can be used round up buffer sizes so that short USB
packets are avoided for proxy buffers.
.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_max_total_length
will return the maximum value for the data length sum of all USB
frames associated with an USB transfer.
In case of control transfers the value returned does not include the
length of the SETUP packet, 8 bytes, which is part of frame zero.
The returned value of this function is always aligned to the maximum
packet size, wMaxPacketSize, of the endpoint which the USB transfer is
bound to.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_status
will return the status of an USB transfer.
.
Status values are defined by a set of LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_XXX enums.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_pending
will return non-zero if the given USB transfer is
pending for completion.
.
Else this function returns zero.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_callback_wrapper
This is an internal function used to wrap asynchronous USB callbacks.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_clear_stall_sync
This is an internal function used to synchronously clear the stall on
the given USB transfer.
.
Please see the USB specification for more information on stall
clearing.
.
If the given USB transfer is pending when this function is called, the
USB transfer will complete with an error after that this function has
been called.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_drain
will stop the given USB transfer and will not return
until the USB transfer has been stopped in hardware.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_buffer
is used to set the
.Fa buffer
pointer for the given USB transfer and
.Fa fr_index .
.
Typically the frame index is zero.
.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_callback
is used to set the USB callback for asynchronous USB
transfers.
.
The callback type is defined by libusb20_tr_callback_t.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_flags
is used to set various USB flags for the given USB transfer.
.Bl -tag -width "LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_SINGLE_SHORT_NOT_OK"
.It LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_SINGLE_SHORT_NOT_OK
Report a short frame as error.
.It LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_MULTI_SHORT_NOT_OK
Multiple short frames are not allowed.
.It LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_FORCE_SHORT
All transmitted frames are short terminated.
.It LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_DO_CLEAR_STALL
Will do a clear-stall before starting the transfer.
.El
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_length
returns the length of the given USB frame by index.
After an USB transfer is complete the USB frame length will get updated to the actual transferred length.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_length
sets the length of the given USB frame by index.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_priv_sc0
sets private driver pointer number zero.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_priv_sc1
sets private driver pointer number one.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_timeout
sets the timeout for the given USB transfer.
.
A timeout value of zero means no timeout.
.
The timeout is given in milliseconds.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_set_total_frames
sets the total number of frames that should be executed when the USB transfer is submitted.
.
The total number of USB frames must be less than the maximum number of USB frames associated with the given USB transfer.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_bulk
is a helper function for setting up a single frame USB BULK transfer.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_control
is a helper function for setting up a single or dual
frame USB CONTROL transfer depending on the control transfer length.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_intr
is a helper function for setting up a single frame USB INTERRUPT transfer.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_setup_isoc
is a helper function for setting up a multi frame USB ISOCHRONOUS transfer.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_bulk_intr_sync
will perform a synchronous BULK or INTERRUPT transfer having length given by the
.Fa length
argument and buffer pointer given by the
.Fa pbuf
argument on the USB transfer given by the
.Fa xfer
argument.
.
If the
.Fa pactlen
argument is non-NULL the actual transfer length will be stored at the given pointer destination.
.
If the
.Fa timeout
argument is non-zero the transfer will timeout after the given value in milliseconds.
.
This function does not change the transfer flags, like short packet not ok.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_XXX value is returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_start
will get the USB transfer started, if not already
started.
.
This function will not get the transfer queued in hardware.
.
This function is non-blocking.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_stop
will get the USB transfer stopped, if not already stopped.
.
This function is non-blocking, which means that the actual stop can
happen after the return of this function.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_submit
will get the USB transfer queued in hardware.
.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_priv_sc0
returns private driver pointer number zero associated
with an USB transfer.
.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_tr_get_priv_sc1
returns private driver pointer number one associated
with an USB transfer.
.
.
.Sh USB DEVICE OPERATIONS
.
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_backend_name
returns a zero terminated string describing the backend used.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_port_path
retrieves the list of USB port numbers which the datastream for a given USB device follows.
The first port number is the Root HUB port number.
Then children port numbers follow.
The Root HUB device itself has a port path length of zero.
Valid port numbers start at one and range until and including 255.
Typically there should not be more than 16 levels, due to electrical and protocol limitations.
This functions returns the number of actual port levels upon success
else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned which are always negative.
If the actual number of port levels is greater than the maximum
specified, a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_info
retrieves the BSD specific usb_device_info structure into the memory location given by
.Fa pinfo .
The USB device given by
.Fa pdev
must be opened before this function will succeed.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_iface_desc
retrieves the kernel interface description for the given USB
.Fa iface_index .
The format of the USB interface description is: "drivername<unit>: <description>"
The description string is always zero terminated.
A zero length string is written in case no driver is attached to the given interface.
The USB device given by
.Fa pdev
must be opened before this function will succeed.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_desc
returns a zero terminated string describing the given USB device.
The format of the string is: "drivername<unit>: <description>"
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_stats
retrieves the device statistics into the structure pointed to by the
.Fa pstats
argument.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_close
will close the given USB device.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_detach_kernel_driver
will try to detach the kernel driver for the USB interface given by
.Fa iface_index .
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_config_index
will try to set the configuration index on an USB
device.
.
The first configuration index is zero.
.
The un-configure index is 255.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_debug
returns the debug level of an USB device.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_fd
returns the file descriptor of the given USB device.
.
A negative value is returned when no file descriptor is present.
.
The file descriptor can be used for polling purposes.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_kernel_driver_active
returns zero if a kernel driver is active on the given USB interface.
.
Else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_open
opens an USB device so that setting up USB transfers
becomes possible.
.
The number of USB transfers can be zero which means only control
transfers are allowed.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
A return value of LIBUSB20_ERROR_BUSY means that the device is already
opened.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_process
is called to sync kernel USB transfers with userland USB
transfers.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned typically indicating that the given USB device has been
detached.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_request_sync
will perform a synchronous control request on the given
USB device.
.
Before this call will succeed the USB device must be opened.
.
.Fa setup
is a pointer to a decoded and host endian SETUP packet.
.Fa data
is a pointer to a data transfer buffer associated with the control transaction.
This argument can be NULL.
.Fa pactlen
is a pointer to a variable that will hold the actual transfer length after the
control transaction is complete.
.Fa timeout
is the transaction timeout given in milliseconds.
A timeout of zero means no timeout.
.Fa flags
is used to specify transaction flags, for example LIBUSB20_TRANSFER_SINGLE_SHORT_NOT_OK.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_req_string_sync
will synchronously request an USB string by language ID
and string index into the given buffer limited by a maximum length.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_req_string_simple_sync
will synchronously request an USB string using the
default language ID and convert the string into ASCII before storing
the string into the given buffer limited by a maximum length which
includes the terminating zero.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_reset
will try to BUS reset the given USB device and restore
the last set USB configuration.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_check_connected
will check if an opened USB device is still connected.
.
This function returns zero if the device is still connected else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is returned.
.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_power_mode
sets the power mode of the USB device.
.
Valid power modes:
.Bl -tag -width "LIBUSB20_POWER_OFF"
.It LIBUSB20_POWER_OFF
.It LIBUSB20_POWER_ON
.It LIBUSB20_POWER_SAVE
.It LIBUSB20_POWER_SUSPEND
.It LIBUSB20_POWER_RESUME
.El
.Pp
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_power_mode
returns the currently selected power mode for the given
USB device.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_power_usage
returns the reported power usage in milliamps for the given USB device.
A power usage of zero typically means that the device is self powered.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_alt_index
will try to set the given alternate index for the given
USB interface index.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_device_desc
returns a pointer to the decoded and host endian version
of the device descriptor.
.
The USB device need not be opened when calling this function.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_alloc_config
will read out and decode the USB config descriptor for the given USB device
and config index.
This function returns a pointer to the decoded configuration which must eventually
be passed to free().
NULL is returned in case of failure.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_alloc
is an internal function to allocate a new USB device.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_address
returns the internal and not necessarily the real
hardware address of the given USB device.
Valid addresses start at one.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_parent_address
returns the internal and not necessarily the real hardware address of
the given parent USB HUB device.
This value is zero for the root HUB which usually has a device address
equal to one.
Valid addresses start at one.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_parent_port
returns the port number on the parent USB HUB device.
This value is zero for the root HUB which usually has a device address
equal to one.
Valid port numbers start at one.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_bus_number
returns the internal bus number which the given USB
device belongs to.
Valid bus numbers start at zero.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_mode
returns the current operation mode of the USB entity.
.
Valid return values are:
.Bl -tag -width "LIBUSB20_MODE_DEVICE"
.It LIBUSB20_MODE_HOST
.It LIBUSB20_MODE_DEVICE
.El
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_speed
returns the current speed of the given USB device.
.
.Bl -tag -width "LIBUSB20_SPEED_VARIABLE"
.It LIBUSB20_SPEED_UNKNOWN
.It LIBUSB20_SPEED_LOW
.It LIBUSB20_SPEED_FULL
.It LIBUSB20_SPEED_HIGH
.It LIBUSB20_SPEED_VARIABLE
.It LIBUSB20_SPEED_SUPER
.El
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_config_index
returns the currently selected config index for the given
USB device.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_free
will free the given USB device and all associated USB
transfers.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_set_debug
will set the debug level for the given USB device.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_wait_process
will wait until a pending USB transfer has completed on
the given USB device.
.
A timeout value can be specified which is passed on to the
.Xr poll 2
function.
.
.Sh USB BACKEND OPERATIONS
.
.Fn libusb20_be_get_template
will return the currently selected global USB device
side mode template into the integer pointer
.Fa ptemp .
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_set_template
will set the global USB device side mode template to
.Fa temp .
The new template is not activated until after the next USB
enumeration.
The template number decides how the USB device will present itself to
the USB Host, like Mass Storage Device, USB Ethernet Device.
Also see the
.Xr usb2_template 4
module.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_get_dev_quirk
will return the device quirk according to
.Fa index
into the libusb20_quirk structure pointed to by
.Fa pq .
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
If the given quirk does not exist LIBUSB20_ERROR_NOT_FOUND is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_get_quirk_name
will return the quirk name according to
.Fa index
into the libusb20_quirk structure pointed to by
.Fa pq .
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
If the given quirk does not exist LIBUSB20_ERROR_NOT_FOUND is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_add_dev_quirk
will add the libusb20_quirk structure pointed to by the
.Fa pq
argument into the device quirk list.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
If the given quirk cannot be added LIBUSB20_ERROR_NO_MEM is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_remove_dev_quirk
will remove the quirk matching the libusb20_quirk structure pointed to by the
.Fa pq
argument from the device quirk list.
.
This function returns zero on success else a LIBUSB20_ERROR value is
returned.
.
If the given quirk does not exist LIBUSB20_ERROR_NOT_FOUND is
returned.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_alloc_default
.Fn libusb20_be_alloc_freebsd
.Fn libusb20_be_alloc_linux
These functions are used to allocate a specific USB backend or the operating system
default USB backend.
Allocating a backend is a way to scan for currently present USB devices.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_device_foreach
is used to iterate USB devices present in a USB backend.
.
The starting value of
.Fa pdev
is NULL.
.
This function returns the next USB device in the list.
.
If NULL is returned the end of the USB device list has been reached.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_dequeue_device
will dequeue the given USB device pointer from the
backend USB device list.
.
Dequeued USB devices will not be freed when the backend is freed.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_enqueue_device
will enqueue the given USB device pointer in the backend USB device list.
.
Enqueued USB devices will get freed when the backend is freed.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_be_free
will free the given backend and all USB devices in its device list.
.
.
.Sh USB DESCRIPTOR PARSING
.
.Fn libusb20_me_get_1 pie offset
This function will return a byte at the given byte offset of a message
entity.
.
This function is safe against invalid offsets.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_me_get_2 pie offset
This function will return a little endian 16-bit value at the given byte offset of a message
entity.
.
This function is safe against invalid offsets.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_me_encode pbuf len pdecoded
This function will encode a so-called *DECODED structure into binary
format.
.
The total encoded length that will fit in the given buffer is
returned.
.
If the buffer pointer is NULL no data will be written to the buffer
location.
.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_me_decode pbuf len pdecoded
This function will decode a binary structure into a so-called *DECODED
structure.
.
The total decoded length is returned.
.
The buffer pointer cannot be NULL.
.
.
.Sh USB DEBUGGING
.Ft const char *
.Fn libusb20_strerror "int code"
Get the ASCII representation of the error given by the
.Fa code
argument.
This function does not return NULL.
.Pp
.Ft const char *
.Fn libusb20_error_name "int code"
Get the ASCII representation of the error enum given by the
.Fa code
argument.
This function does not return NULL.
.
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width Pa
.It Pa /dev/usb
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr libusb 3 ,
.Xr usb 4 ,
.Xr usbconfig 8 ,
.Xr usbdump 8
.
.
.Sh HISTORY
.
.
Some parts of the
.Nm
API derives from the libusb project at sourceforge.