diff options
authorNathan Whitehorn <nwhitehorn@FreeBSD.org>2021-03-23 13:19:42 +0000
committerNathan Whitehorn <nwhitehorn@FreeBSD.org>2021-03-23 19:22:20 +0000
commit3ef46634cd5a6ba0e156d5da095bbee5f63ec1cd (patch)
parent8f731a397ad4dc7b17622c0e69ac045f4a7b9d5b (diff)
Fix scripted installs on EFI systems after default mounting of the ESP.
Because the ESP mount point (/boot/efi) is in mtree, tar will attempt to extract a directory at that point post-mount when the system is installed. Normally, this is fine, since tar can happily set whatever properties it wants. For FAT32 file systems, however, like the ESP, tar will attempt to set mtime on the root directory, which FAT does not support, and tar will interpret this as a fatal error, breaking the install (see https://github.com/libarchive/libarchive/issues/1516). This issue would also break scripted installs on bare-metal POWER8, POWER9, and PS3 systems, as well as some ARM systems. This patch solves the problem in two ways: - If stdout is a TTY, use the distextract stage instead of tar, as in interactive installs. distextract solves this problem internally and provides a nicer UI to boot, but requires a TTY. - If stdout is not a TTY, use tar but, as a stopgap for 13.0, exclude boot/efi from tarball extraction and then add it by hand. This is a hack, and better solutions (as in the libarchive ticket above) will obsolete it, but it solves the most common case, leaving only unattended TTY-less installs on a few tier-2 platforms broken. In addition, fix a bug with fstab generation uncovered once the tar issue is fixed that umount(8) can depend on the ordering of lines in fstab in a way that mount(8) does not. The partition editor now writes out fstab in mount order, making sure umount (run at the end of scripted, but not interactive, installs) succeeds. PR: 254395 Approved by: re (gjb) Reviewed by: gjb, imp MFC after: 3 days Differential Revision: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D29380 (cherry picked from commit c2f16c595eb51c6e0cb6ece3f6f078d738019059) (cherry picked from commit 4601382e1362352f17a33e4ed38db5dcfe3f6be5)
2 files changed, 61 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/partedit/partedit.c b/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/partedit/partedit.c
index c5fa28e73582..6d045428dd32 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/partedit/partedit.c
+++ b/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/partedit/partedit.c
@@ -324,6 +324,22 @@ validate_setup(void)
static int
+mountpoint_sorter(const void *xa, const void *xb)
+ struct partition_metadata *a = *(struct partition_metadata **)xa;
+ struct partition_metadata *b = *(struct partition_metadata **)xb;
+ if (a->fstab == NULL && b->fstab == NULL)
+ return 0;
+ if (a->fstab == NULL)
+ return 1;
+ if (b->fstab == NULL)
+ return -1;
+ return strcmp(a->fstab->fs_file, b->fstab->fs_file);
+static int
apply_changes(struct gmesh *mesh)
struct partition_metadata *md;
@@ -386,6 +402,29 @@ apply_changes(struct gmesh *mesh)
free(__DECONST(char *, items[i*2]));
+ /* Sort filesystems for fstab so that mountpoints are ordered */
+ {
+ struct partition_metadata **tobesorted;
+ struct partition_metadata *tmp;
+ int nparts = 0;
+ TAILQ_FOREACH(md, &part_metadata, metadata)
+ nparts++;
+ tobesorted = malloc(sizeof(struct partition_metadata *)*nparts);
+ nparts = 0;
+ TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(md, &part_metadata, metadata, tmp) {
+ tobesorted[nparts++] = md;
+ TAILQ_REMOVE(&part_metadata, md, metadata);
+ }
+ qsort(tobesorted, nparts, sizeof(tobesorted[0]),
+ mountpoint_sorter);
+ /* Now re-add everything */
+ while (nparts-- > 0)
+ TAILQ_INSERT_HEAD(&part_metadata,
+ tobesorted[nparts], metadata);
+ free(tobesorted);
+ }
if (getenv("PATH_FSTAB") != NULL)
fstab_path = getenv("PATH_FSTAB");
diff --git a/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/scripts/script b/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/scripts/script
index 4d0a91833644..1d8e52a9d6d3 100755
--- a/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/scripts/script
+++ b/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/scripts/script
@@ -116,14 +116,28 @@ fi
# Unpack distributions
bsdinstall checksum
-for set in $DISTRIBUTIONS; do
- f_dprintf "Extracting $BSDINSTALL_DISTDIR/$set"
- # XXX: this will fail if any mountpoints are FAT, due to inability to
- # set ctime/mtime on the root of FAT partitions. tar has no option to
- # ignore this. We probably need to switch back to distextract here
- # to properly support EFI.
+if [ -t 0 ]; then
+ # If install is a tty, use distextract as normal
+ bsdinstall distextract
+ # Otherwise, we need to use tar (see https://reviews.freebsd.org/D10736)
+ for set in $DISTRIBUTIONS; do
+ f_dprintf "Extracting $BSDINSTALL_DISTDIR/$set"
+ # XXX: The below fails if any mountpoints are FAT, due to
+ # inability to set ctime/mtime on the root of FAT partitions,
+ # which is needed to support e.g. EFI system partitions. tar has
+ # no option to ignore this (distextract ignores them internally
+ # through a hack), and returns 1 on any warning or error,
+ # effectively turning all warnings into fatal errors.
+ #
+ # Work around this in an extremely lame way for the specific
+ # case of EFI system partitions only. This *ONLY WORKS* if
+ # /boot/efi is empty and does not handle analagous problems on
+ # other systems (ARM, PPC64).
+ tar -xf "$BSDINSTALL_DISTDIR/$set" -C $BSDINSTALL_CHROOT --exclude boot/efi
+ mkdir -p $BSDINSTALL_CHROOT/boot/efi
+ done
# Configure bootloader if needed
bsdinstall bootconfig