path: root/bin
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authorBruce Evans <bde@FreeBSD.org>1999-11-28 12:12:14 +0000
committerBruce Evans <bde@FreeBSD.org>1999-11-28 12:12:14 +0000
commitbdf423572ee3d6d95e3355594310b5f8685a0298 (patch)
tree306060de15d25eb345081dbc652f63aa970e3304 /bin
parentf0ebe4973f8b0a645962f1f6578e41b56b88b8ca (diff)
Scheduler fixes equivalent to the ones logged in the following NetBSD
commit to kern_synch.c: ---------------------------- revision 1.55 date: 1999/02/23 02:56:03; author: ross; state: Exp; lines: +39 -10 Scheduler bug fixes and reorganization * fix the ancient nice(1) bug, where nice +20 processes incorrectly steal 10 - 20% of the CPU, (or even more depending on load average) * provide a new schedclk() mechanism at a new clock at schedhz, so high platform hz values don't cause nice +0 processes to look like they are niced * change the algorithm slightly, and reorganize the code a lot * fix percent-CPU calculation bugs, and eliminate some no-op code === nice bug === Correctly divide the scheduler queues between niced and compute-bound processes. The current nice weight of two (sort of, see `algorithm change' below) neatly divides the USRPRI queues in half; this should have been used to clip p_estcpu, instead of UCHAR_MAX. Besides being the wrong amount, clipping an unsigned char to UCHAR_MAX is a no-op, and it was done after decay_cpu() which can only _reduce_ the value. It has to be kept <= NICE_WEIGHT * PRIO_MAX - PPQ or processes can scheduler-penalize themselves onto the same queue as nice +20 processes. (Or even a higher one.) === New schedclk() mechansism === Some platforms should be cutting down stathz before hitting the scheduler, since the scheduler algorithm only works right in the vicinity of 64 Hz. Rather than prescale hz, then scale back and forth by 4 every time p_estcpu is touched (each occurance an abstraction violation), use p_estcpu without scaling and require schedhz to be generated directly at the right frequency. Use a default stathz (well, actually, profhz) / 4, so nothing changes unless a platform defines schedhz and a new clock. Define these for alpha, where hz==1024, and nice was totally broke. === Algorithm change === The nice value used to be added to the exponentially-decayed scheduler history value p_estcpu, in _addition_ to be incorporated directly (with greater wieght) into the priority calculation. At first glance, it appears to be a pointless increase of 1/8 the nice effect (pri = p_estcpu/4 + nice*2), but it's actually at least 3x that because it will ramp up linearly but be decayed only exponentially, thus converging to an additional .75 nice for a loadaverage of one. I killed this, it makes the behavior hard to control, almost impossible to analyze, and the effect (~~nothing at for the first second, then somewhat increased niceness after three seconds or more, depending on load average) pointless. === Other bugs === hz -> profhz in the p_pctcpu = f(p_cpticks) calcuation. Collect scheduler functionality. Try to put each abstraction in just one place. ---------------------------- The details are a little different in FreeBSD: === nice bug === Fixing this is the main point of this commit. We use essentially the same clipping rule as NetBSD (our limit on p_estcpu differs by a scale factor). However, clipping at all is fundamentally bad. It gives free CPU the hoggiest hogs once they reach the limit, and reaching the limit is normal for long-running hogs. This will be fixed later. === New schedclk() mechanism === We don't use the NetBSD schedclk() (now schedclock()) mechanism. We require (real)stathz to be about 128 and scale by an extra factor of 2 compared with NetBSD's statclock(). We scale p_estcpu instead of scaling the clock. This is more accurate and flexible. === Algorithm change === Same change. === Other bugs === The p_pctcpu bug was fixed long ago. We don't try as hard to abstract functionality yet. Related changes: the new limit on p_estcpu must be exported to kern_exit.c for clipping in wait1(). Agreed with by: dufault
Notes: svn path=/head/; revision=53823
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