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authorEd Schouten <ed@FreeBSD.org>2011-04-30 10:55:14 +0000
committerEd Schouten <ed@FreeBSD.org>2011-04-30 10:55:14 +0000
commit0294a182a1629b1d854b84906e73487d6cb75fba (patch)
treee563e21bcc0164ba11452983316bda26eebb1d3c /doc/html/man/curs_color.3x.html
parent22b11c4db16996bf8d4878fab98762c348676df3 (diff)
downloadsrc-0294a182a1629b1d854b84906e73487d6cb75fba.tar.gz
src-0294a182a1629b1d854b84906e73487d6cb75fba.zip
Import a stock copy of ncurses 5.8 into the vendor space.vendor/ncurses/5.8-20110226
It seems both local changes we made to 5.7 have already been fixed upstream properly, so there is no need to preserve the changes. Also, with SVN we import full source trees. Unlike CVS, where we removed unneeded cruft.
Notes
Notes: svn path=/vendor/ncurses/dist/; revision=221243 svn path=/vendor/ncurses/5.8-20110226/; revision=221244; tag=vendor/ncurses/5.8-20110226
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+<HEAD>
+<TITLE>curs_color 3x</TITLE>
+<link rev=made href="mailto:bug-ncurses@gnu.org">
+<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
+</HEAD>
+<BODY>
+<H1>curs_color 3x</H1>
+<HR>
+<PRE>
+<!-- Manpage converted by man2html 3.0.1 -->
+<STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG> <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+
+
+
+
+</PRE>
+<H2>NAME</H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG>start_color</STRONG>, <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG>, <STRONG>init_color</STRONG>, <STRONG>has_colors</STRONG>,
+ <STRONG>can_change_color</STRONG>, <STRONG>color_content</STRONG>, <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG>, <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR</STRONG>
+ - <STRONG>curses</STRONG> color manipulation routines
+
+
+</PRE>
+<H2>SYNOPSIS</H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG>#</STRONG> <STRONG>include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
+
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>start_color(void);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>init_pair(short</STRONG> <STRONG>pair,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>f,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>b);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>init_color(short</STRONG> <STRONG>color,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>r,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>g,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>b);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>bool</STRONG> <STRONG>has_colors(void);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>bool</STRONG> <STRONG>can_change_color(void);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>color_content(short</STRONG> <STRONG>color,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*r,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*g,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>*b);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>pair_content(short</STRONG> <STRONG>pair,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*f,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*b);</STRONG>
+
+
+</PRE>
+<H2>DESCRIPTION</H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG>Overview</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>curses</STRONG> support color attributes on terminals with that ca-
+ pability. To use these routines <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> must be
+ called, usually right after <STRONG>initscr</STRONG>. Colors are always
+ used in pairs (referred to as color-pairs). A color-pair
+ consists of a foreground color (for characters) and a
+ background color (for the blank field on which the charac-
+ ters are displayed). A programmer initializes a color-
+ pair with the routine <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG>. After it has been ini-
+ tialized, <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR</STRONG>(<EM>n</EM>), a macro defined in <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>,
+ can be used as a new video attribute.
+
+ If a terminal is capable of redefining colors, the pro-
+ grammer can use the routine <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> to change the defi-
+ nition of a color. The routines <STRONG>has_colors</STRONG> and
+ <STRONG>can_change_color</STRONG> return <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> or <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>, depending on
+ whether the terminal has color capabilities and whether
+ the programmer can change the colors. The routine <STRONG>col-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>or_content</STRONG> allows a programmer to extract the amounts of
+ red, green, and blue components in an initialized color.
+ The routine <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG> allows a programmer to find out
+ how a given color-pair is currently defined.
+
+ <STRONG>Routine</STRONG> <STRONG>Descriptions</STRONG>
+ The <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> routine requires no arguments. It must be
+ called if the programmer wants to use colors, and before
+ any other color manipulation routine is called. It is
+ good practice to call this routine right after <STRONG>initscr</STRONG>.
+ <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> initializes eight basic colors (black, red,
+ green, yellow, blue, magenta, cyan, and white), and two
+ global variables, <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS</STRONG> (respectively
+ defining the maximum number of colors and color-pairs the
+ terminal can support). It also restores the colors on the
+ terminal to the values they had when the terminal was just
+ turned on.
+
+ The <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG> routine changes the definition of a color-
+ pair. It takes three arguments: the number of the color-
+ pair to be changed, the foreground color number, and the
+ background color number. For portable applications:
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The value of the first argument must be between <STRONG>1</STRONG> and
+ <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS-1</STRONG>, except that if default colors are used
+ (see <STRONG>use_default_colors</STRONG>) the upper limit is adjusted
+ to allow for extra pairs which use a default color in
+ foreground and/or background.
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The value of the second and third arguments must be
+ between 0 and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>. Color pair 0 is assumed to be
+ white on black, but is actually whatever the terminal
+ implements before color is initialized. It cannot be
+ modified by the application.
+
+ If the color-pair was previously initialized, the screen
+ is refreshed and all occurrences of that color-pair are
+ changed to the new definition.
+
+ As an extension, ncurses allows you to set color pair 0
+ via the <STRONG>assume_default_colors</STRONG> routine, or to specify the
+ use of default colors (color number <STRONG>-1</STRONG>) if you first in-
+ voke the <STRONG>use_default_colors</STRONG> routine.
+
+ The <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> routine changes the definition of a color.
+ It takes four arguments: the number of the color to be
+ changed followed by three RGB values (for the amounts of
+ red, green, and blue components). The value of the first
+ argument must be between <STRONG>0</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>. (See the section
+ <STRONG>Colors</STRONG> for the default color index.) Each of the last
+ three arguments must be a value between 0 and 1000. When
+ <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> is used, all occurrences of that color on the
+ screen immediately change to the new definition.
+
+ The <STRONG>has_colors</STRONG> routine requires no arguments. It returns
+ <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> if the terminal can manipulate colors; otherwise, it
+ returns <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>. This routine facilitates writing terminal-
+ independent programs. For example, a programmer can use
+ it to decide whether to use color or some other video at-
+ tribute.
+
+ The <STRONG>can_change_color</STRONG> routine requires no arguments. It
+ returns <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> if the terminal supports colors and can
+ change their definitions; other, it returns <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>. This
+ routine facilitates writing terminal-independent programs.
+
+ The <STRONG>color_content</STRONG> routine gives programmers a way to find
+ the intensity of the red, green, and blue (RGB) components
+ in a color. It requires four arguments: the color number,
+ and three addresses of <STRONG>short</STRONG>s for storing the information
+ about the amounts of red, green, and blue components in
+ the given color. The value of the first argument must be
+ between 0 and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>. The values that are stored at the
+ addresses pointed to by the last three arguments are be-
+ tween 0 (no component) and 1000 (maximum amount of compo-
+ nent).
+
+ The <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG> routine allows programmers to find out
+ what colors a given color-pair consists of. It requires
+ three arguments: the color-pair number, and two addresses
+ of <STRONG>short</STRONG>s for storing the foreground and the background
+ color numbers. The value of the first argument must be
+ between 1 and <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS-1</STRONG>. The values that are stored
+ at the addresses pointed to by the second and third argu-
+ ments are between 0 and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>.
+
+ <STRONG>Colors</STRONG>
+ In <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG> the following macros are defined. These are
+ the default colors. <STRONG>curses</STRONG> also assumes that <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG>
+ is the default background color for all terminals.
+
+ <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>COLOR_RED</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>COLOR_GREEN</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>COLOR_YELLOW</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>COLOR_BLUE</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>COLOR_MAGENTA</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>COLOR_CYAN</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>COLOR_WHITE</STRONG>
+
+
+</PRE>
+<H2>RETURN VALUE</H2><PRE>
+ The routines <STRONG>can_change_color()</STRONG> and <STRONG>has_colors()</STRONG> return
+ <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> or <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>.
+
+ All other routines return the integer <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> upon failure and
+ an <STRONG>OK</STRONG> (SVr4 specifies only "an integer value other than
+ <STRONG>ERR</STRONG>") upon successful completion.
+
+ X/Open defines no error conditions. This implementation
+ will return <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> on attempts to use color values outside
+ the range 0 to COLORS-1 (except for the default colors ex-
+ tension), or use color pairs outside the range 0 to COL-
+ OR_PAIRS-1. Color values used in <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> must be in
+ the range 0 to 1000. An error is returned from all func-
+ tions if the terminal has not been initialized. An error
+ is returned from secondary functions such as <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG> if
+ <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> was not called.
+
+ <STRONG>init_color</STRONG>
+ returns an error if the terminal does not support
+ this feature, e.g., if the <EM>initialize</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>color</EM> capa-
+ bility is absent from the terminal description.
+
+ <STRONG>start_color</STRONG>
+ returns an error if the color table cannot be al-
+ located.
+
+
+</PRE>
+<H2>NOTES</H2><PRE>
+ In the <EM>ncurses</EM> implementation, there is a separate color
+ activation flag, color palette, color pairs table, and as-
+ sociated COLORS and COLOR_PAIRS counts for each screen;
+ the <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> function only affects the current screen.
+ The SVr4/XSI interface is not really designed with this in
+ mind, and historical implementations may use a single
+ shared color palette.
+
+ Note that setting an implicit background color via a color
+ pair affects only character cells that a character write
+ operation explicitly touches. To change the background
+ color used when parts of a window are blanked by erasing
+ or scrolling operations, see <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>.
+
+ Several caveats apply on 386 and 486 machines with VGA-
+ compatible graphics:
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> COLOR_YELLOW is actually brown. To get yellow, use
+ COLOR_YELLOW combined with the <STRONG>A_BOLD</STRONG> attribute.
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The A_BLINK attribute should in theory cause the back-
+ ground to go bright. This often fails to work, and
+ even some cards for which it mostly works (such as the
+ Paradise and compatibles) do the wrong thing when you
+ try to set a bright "yellow" background (you get a
+ blinking yellow foreground instead).
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> Color RGB values are not settable.
+
+
+</PRE>
+<H2>PORTABILITY</H2><PRE>
+ This implementation satisfies XSI Curses's minimum maxi-
+ mums for <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS</STRONG>.
+
+ The <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG> routine accepts negative values of fore-
+ ground and background color to support the <STRONG>use_de-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>fault_colors</STRONG> extension, but only if that routine has been
+ first invoked.
+
+ The assumption that <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG> is the default background
+ color for all terminals can be modified using the <STRONG>as-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>sume_default_colors</STRONG> extension.
+
+ This implementation checks the pointers, e.g., for the
+ values returned by <STRONG>color_content</STRONG> and <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG>, and
+ will treat those as optional parameters when null.
+
+
+</PRE>
+<H2>SEE ALSO</H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>curs_vari-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG><A HREF="curs_variables.3x.html">ables(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="default_colors.3x.html">default_colors(3x)</A></STRONG>
+
+
+
+ <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+</PRE>
+<HR>
+<ADDRESS>
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