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authorXin LI <delphij@FreeBSD.org>2014-02-28 19:12:44 +0000
committerXin LI <delphij@FreeBSD.org>2014-02-28 19:12:44 +0000
commit4b819fa20a8d007a10f2d3e8d6a5dedf7f18fc9a (patch)
treeb8f6e12b479a78216f3bffb8e1258d54087268de /doc/html/man/curs_color.3x.html
parente07762606a5bf651a501cb095c98cba90e4a8fe2 (diff)
downloadsrc-4b819fa20a8d007a10f2d3e8d6a5dedf7f18fc9a.tar.gz
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-<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
-</HEAD>
-<BODY>
-<H1>curs_color 3x</H1>
-<HR>
-<PRE>
-<!-- Manpage converted by man2html 3.0.1 -->
-<STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG> <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
-
-
-
-
-</PRE>
-<H2>NAME</H2><PRE>
- <STRONG>start_color</STRONG>, <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG>, <STRONG>init_color</STRONG>, <STRONG>has_colors</STRONG>,
- <STRONG>can_change_color</STRONG>, <STRONG>color_content</STRONG>, <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG>, <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR</STRONG>
- - <STRONG>curses</STRONG> color manipulation routines
-
-
-</PRE>
-<H2>SYNOPSIS</H2><PRE>
- <STRONG>#</STRONG> <STRONG>include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
-
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>start_color(void);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>init_pair(short</STRONG> <STRONG>pair,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>f,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>b);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>init_color(short</STRONG> <STRONG>color,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>r,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>g,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>b);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>bool</STRONG> <STRONG>has_colors(void);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>bool</STRONG> <STRONG>can_change_color(void);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>color_content(short</STRONG> <STRONG>color,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*r,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*g,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG>
- <STRONG>*b);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>pair_content(short</STRONG> <STRONG>pair,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*f,</STRONG> <STRONG>short</STRONG> <STRONG>*b);</STRONG>
-
-
-</PRE>
-<H2>DESCRIPTION</H2><PRE>
- <STRONG>Overview</STRONG>
- <STRONG>curses</STRONG> support color attributes on terminals with that ca-
- pability. To use these routines <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> must be
- called, usually right after <STRONG>initscr</STRONG>. Colors are always
- used in pairs (referred to as color-pairs). A color-pair
- consists of a foreground color (for characters) and a
- background color (for the blank field on which the charac-
- ters are displayed). A programmer initializes a color-
- pair with the routine <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG>. After it has been ini-
- tialized, <STRONG>COLOR_PAIR</STRONG>(<EM>n</EM>), a macro defined in <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>,
- can be used as a new video attribute.
-
- If a terminal is capable of redefining colors, the pro-
- grammer can use the routine <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> to change the defi-
- nition of a color. The routines <STRONG>has_colors</STRONG> and
- <STRONG>can_change_color</STRONG> return <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> or <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>, depending on
- whether the terminal has color capabilities and whether
- the programmer can change the colors. The routine <STRONG>col-</STRONG>
- <STRONG>or_content</STRONG> allows a programmer to extract the amounts of
- red, green, and blue components in an initialized color.
- The routine <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG> allows a programmer to find out
- how a given color-pair is currently defined.
-
- <STRONG>Routine</STRONG> <STRONG>Descriptions</STRONG>
- The <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> routine requires no arguments. It must be
- called if the programmer wants to use colors, and before
- any other color manipulation routine is called. It is
- good practice to call this routine right after <STRONG>initscr</STRONG>.
- <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> initializes eight basic colors (black, red,
- green, yellow, blue, magenta, cyan, and white), and two
- global variables, <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS</STRONG> (respectively
- defining the maximum number of colors and color-pairs the
- terminal can support). It also restores the colors on the
- terminal to the values they had when the terminal was just
- turned on.
-
- The <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG> routine changes the definition of a color-
- pair. It takes three arguments: the number of the color-
- pair to be changed, the foreground color number, and the
- background color number. For portable applications:
-
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> The value of the first argument must be between <STRONG>1</STRONG> and
- <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS-1</STRONG>, except that if default colors are used
- (see <STRONG>use_default_colors</STRONG>) the upper limit is adjusted
- to allow for extra pairs which use a default color in
- foreground and/or background.
-
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> The value of the second and third arguments must be
- between 0 and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>. Color pair 0 is assumed to be
- white on black, but is actually whatever the terminal
- implements before color is initialized. It cannot be
- modified by the application.
-
- If the color-pair was previously initialized, the screen
- is refreshed and all occurrences of that color-pair are
- changed to the new definition.
-
- As an extension, ncurses allows you to set color pair 0
- via the <STRONG>assume_default_colors</STRONG> routine, or to specify the
- use of default colors (color number <STRONG>-1</STRONG>) if you first in-
- voke the <STRONG>use_default_colors</STRONG> routine.
-
- The <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> routine changes the definition of a color.
- It takes four arguments: the number of the color to be
- changed followed by three RGB values (for the amounts of
- red, green, and blue components). The value of the first
- argument must be between <STRONG>0</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>. (See the section
- <STRONG>Colors</STRONG> for the default color index.) Each of the last
- three arguments must be a value between 0 and 1000. When
- <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> is used, all occurrences of that color on the
- screen immediately change to the new definition.
-
- The <STRONG>has_colors</STRONG> routine requires no arguments. It returns
- <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> if the terminal can manipulate colors; otherwise, it
- returns <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>. This routine facilitates writing terminal-
- independent programs. For example, a programmer can use
- it to decide whether to use color or some other video at-
- tribute.
-
- The <STRONG>can_change_color</STRONG> routine requires no arguments. It
- returns <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> if the terminal supports colors and can
- change their definitions; other, it returns <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>. This
- routine facilitates writing terminal-independent programs.
-
- The <STRONG>color_content</STRONG> routine gives programmers a way to find
- the intensity of the red, green, and blue (RGB) components
- in a color. It requires four arguments: the color number,
- and three addresses of <STRONG>short</STRONG>s for storing the information
- about the amounts of red, green, and blue components in
- the given color. The value of the first argument must be
- between 0 and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>. The values that are stored at the
- addresses pointed to by the last three arguments are be-
- tween 0 (no component) and 1000 (maximum amount of compo-
- nent).
-
- The <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG> routine allows programmers to find out
- what colors a given color-pair consists of. It requires
- three arguments: the color-pair number, and two addresses
- of <STRONG>short</STRONG>s for storing the foreground and the background
- color numbers. The value of the first argument must be
- between 1 and <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS-1</STRONG>. The values that are stored
- at the addresses pointed to by the second and third argu-
- ments are between 0 and <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG>.
-
- <STRONG>Colors</STRONG>
- In <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG> the following macros are defined. These are
- the default colors. <STRONG>curses</STRONG> also assumes that <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG>
- is the default background color for all terminals.
-
- <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG>
- <STRONG>COLOR_RED</STRONG>
- <STRONG>COLOR_GREEN</STRONG>
- <STRONG>COLOR_YELLOW</STRONG>
- <STRONG>COLOR_BLUE</STRONG>
- <STRONG>COLOR_MAGENTA</STRONG>
- <STRONG>COLOR_CYAN</STRONG>
- <STRONG>COLOR_WHITE</STRONG>
-
-
-</PRE>
-<H2>RETURN VALUE</H2><PRE>
- The routines <STRONG>can_change_color()</STRONG> and <STRONG>has_colors()</STRONG> return
- <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> or <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>.
-
- All other routines return the integer <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> upon failure and
- an <STRONG>OK</STRONG> (SVr4 specifies only "an integer value other than
- <STRONG>ERR</STRONG>") upon successful completion.
-
- X/Open defines no error conditions. This implementation
- will return <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> on attempts to use color values outside
- the range 0 to COLORS-1 (except for the default colors ex-
- tension), or use color pairs outside the range 0 to COL-
- OR_PAIRS-1. Color values used in <STRONG>init_color</STRONG> must be in
- the range 0 to 1000. An error is returned from all func-
- tions if the terminal has not been initialized. An error
- is returned from secondary functions such as <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG> if
- <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> was not called.
-
- <STRONG>init_color</STRONG>
- returns an error if the terminal does not support
- this feature, e.g., if the <EM>initialize</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG><EM>color</EM> capa-
- bility is absent from the terminal description.
-
- <STRONG>start_color</STRONG>
- returns an error if the color table cannot be al-
- located.
-
-
-</PRE>
-<H2>NOTES</H2><PRE>
- In the <EM>ncurses</EM> implementation, there is a separate color
- activation flag, color palette, color pairs table, and as-
- sociated COLORS and COLOR_PAIRS counts for each screen;
- the <STRONG>start_color</STRONG> function only affects the current screen.
- The SVr4/XSI interface is not really designed with this in
- mind, and historical implementations may use a single
- shared color palette.
-
- Note that setting an implicit background color via a color
- pair affects only character cells that a character write
- operation explicitly touches. To change the background
- color used when parts of a window are blanked by erasing
- or scrolling operations, see <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>.
-
- Several caveats apply on 386 and 486 machines with VGA-
- compatible graphics:
-
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> COLOR_YELLOW is actually brown. To get yellow, use
- COLOR_YELLOW combined with the <STRONG>A_BOLD</STRONG> attribute.
-
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> The A_BLINK attribute should in theory cause the back-
- ground to go bright. This often fails to work, and
- even some cards for which it mostly works (such as the
- Paradise and compatibles) do the wrong thing when you
- try to set a bright "yellow" background (you get a
- blinking yellow foreground instead).
-
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> Color RGB values are not settable.
-
-
-</PRE>
-<H2>PORTABILITY</H2><PRE>
- This implementation satisfies XSI Curses's minimum maxi-
- mums for <STRONG>COLORS</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLOR_PAIRS</STRONG>.
-
- The <STRONG>init_pair</STRONG> routine accepts negative values of fore-
- ground and background color to support the <STRONG>use_de-</STRONG>
- <STRONG>fault_colors</STRONG> extension, but only if that routine has been
- first invoked.
-
- The assumption that <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG> is the default background
- color for all terminals can be modified using the <STRONG>as-</STRONG>
- <STRONG>sume_default_colors</STRONG> extension.
-
- This implementation checks the pointers, e.g., for the
- values returned by <STRONG>color_content</STRONG> and <STRONG>pair_content</STRONG>, and
- will treat those as optional parameters when null.
-
-
-</PRE>
-<H2>SEE ALSO</H2><PRE>
- <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>curs_vari-</STRONG>
- <STRONG><A HREF="curs_variables.3x.html">ables(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="default_colors.3x.html">default_colors(3x)</A></STRONG>
-
-
-
- <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
-</PRE>
-<HR>
-<ADDRESS>
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