path: root/doc/html/man/ncurses.3x.html
diff options
authorEd Schouten <ed@FreeBSD.org>2011-04-30 10:55:14 +0000
committerEd Schouten <ed@FreeBSD.org>2011-04-30 10:55:14 +0000
commit0294a182a1629b1d854b84906e73487d6cb75fba (patch)
treee563e21bcc0164ba11452983316bda26eebb1d3c /doc/html/man/ncurses.3x.html
parent22b11c4db16996bf8d4878fab98762c348676df3 (diff)
Import a stock copy of ncurses 5.8 into the vendor space.vendor/ncurses/5.8-20110226
It seems both local changes we made to 5.7 have already been fixed upstream properly, so there is no need to preserve the changes. Also, with SVN we import full source trees. Unlike CVS, where we removed unneeded cruft.
Notes: svn path=/vendor/ncurses/dist/; revision=221243 svn path=/vendor/ncurses/5.8-20110226/; revision=221244; tag=vendor/ncurses/5.8-20110226
Diffstat (limited to 'doc/html/man/ncurses.3x.html')
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diff --git a/doc/html/man/ncurses.3x.html b/doc/html/man/ncurses.3x.html
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+ * t
+ ****************************************************************************
+ * Copyright (c) 1998-2010,2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
+ * *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a *
+ * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the *
+ * "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including *
+ * without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, *
+ * distribute, distribute with modifications, sublicense, and/or sell *
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is *
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: *
+ * *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included *
+ * in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. *
+ * *
+ * *
+ * Except as contained in this notice, the name(s) of the above copyright *
+ * holders shall not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the *
+ * sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written *
+ * authorization. *
+ ****************************************************************************
+ * @Id: ncurses.3x,v 1.103 2011/02/05 23:21:29 tom Exp @
+<TITLE>ncurses 3x</TITLE>
+<link rev=made href="mailto:bug-ncurses@gnu.org">
+<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
+<H1>ncurses 3x</H1>
+<!-- Manpage converted by man2html 3.0.1 -->
+<STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG> <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> - CRT screen handling and optimization package
+ <STRONG>#include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library routines give the user a terminal-
+ independent method of updating character screens with rea-
+ sonable optimization. This implementation is ``new
+ curses'' (ncurses) and is the approved replacement for
+ 4.4BSD classic curses, which has been discontinued. This
+ describes <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> version 5.8 (patch 20110226).
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library emulates the curses library of System
+ V Release 4 UNIX, and XPG4 (X/Open Portability Guide)
+ curses (also known as XSI curses). XSI stands for X/Open
+ System Interfaces Extension. The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library is
+ freely redistributable in source form. Differences from
+ the SVr4 curses are summarized under the <STRONG>EXTENSIONS</STRONG> and
+ <STRONG>PORTABILITY</STRONG> sections below and described in detail in the
+ individual man pages.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library also provides many useful extensions,
+ i.e., features which cannot be implemented by a simple
+ add-on library but which require access to the internals
+ of the library.
+ A program using these routines must be linked with the
+ <STRONG>-lncurses</STRONG> option, or (if it has been generated) with the
+ debugging library <STRONG>-lncurses_g</STRONG>. (Your system integrator
+ may also have installed these libraries under the names
+ <STRONG>-lcurses</STRONG> and <STRONG>-lcurses_g</STRONG>.) The ncurses_g library generates
+ trace logs (in a file called 'trace' in the current direc-
+ tory) that describe curses actions. See also the section
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> package supports: overall screen, window and
+ pad manipulation; output to windows and pads; reading ter-
+ minal input; control over terminal and <STRONG>curses</STRONG> input and
+ output options; environment query routines; color manipu-
+ lation; use of soft label keys; terminfo capabilities; and
+ access to low-level terminal-manipulation routines.
+ The library uses the locale which the calling program has
+ initialized. That is normally done with <STRONG>setlocale</STRONG>:
+ <STRONG>setlocale(LC_ALL,</STRONG> <STRONG>"");</STRONG>
+ If the locale is not initialized, the library assumes that
+ characters are printable as in ISO-8859-1, to work with
+ certain legacy programs. You should initialize the locale
+ and not rely on specific details of the library when the
+ locale has not been setup.
+ The function <STRONG>initscr</STRONG> or <STRONG>newterm</STRONG> must be called to initial-
+ ize the library before any of the other routines that deal
+ with windows and screens are used. The routine <STRONG>endwin</STRONG>
+ must be called before exiting.
+ To get character-at-a-time input without echoing (most
+ interactive, screen oriented programs want this), the fol-
+ lowing sequence should be used:
+ <STRONG>initscr();</STRONG> <STRONG>cbreak();</STRONG> <STRONG>noecho();</STRONG>
+ Most programs would additionally use the sequence:
+ <STRONG>nonl();</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>intrflush(stdscr,</STRONG> <STRONG>FALSE);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>keypad(stdscr,</STRONG> <STRONG>TRUE);</STRONG>
+ Before a <STRONG>curses</STRONG> program is run, the tab stops of the ter-
+ minal should be set and its initialization strings, if
+ defined, must be output. This can be done by executing
+ the <STRONG>tput</STRONG> <STRONG>init</STRONG> command after the shell environment variable
+ <STRONG>TERM</STRONG> has been exported. <STRONG>tset(1)</STRONG> is usually responsible
+ for doing this. [See <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG> for further details.]
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library permits manipulation of data struc-
+ tures, called <EM>windows</EM>, which can be thought of as two-
+ dimensional arrays of characters representing all or part
+ of a CRT screen. A default window called <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG>, which is
+ the size of the terminal screen, is supplied. Others may
+ be created with <STRONG>newwin</STRONG>.
+ Note that <STRONG>curses</STRONG> does not handle overlapping windows,
+ that's done by the <STRONG><A HREF="panel.3x.html">panel(3x)</A></STRONG> library. This means that you
+ can either use <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG> or divide the screen into tiled win-
+ dows and not using <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG> at all. Mixing the two will
+ result in unpredictable, and undesired, effects.
+ Windows are referred to by variables declared as <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG>.
+ These data structures are manipulated with routines
+ described here and elsewhere in the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> manual pages.
+ Among those, the most basic routines are <STRONG>move</STRONG> and <STRONG>addch</STRONG>.
+ More general versions of these routines are included with
+ names beginning with <STRONG>w</STRONG>, allowing the user to specify a
+ window. The routines not beginning with <STRONG>w</STRONG> affect <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG>.
+ After using routines to manipulate a window, <STRONG>refresh</STRONG> is
+ called, telling <STRONG>curses</STRONG> to make the user's CRT screen look
+ like <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG>. The characters in a window are actually of
+ type <STRONG>chtype</STRONG>, (character and attribute data) so that other
+ information about the character may also be stored with
+ each character.
+ Special windows called <EM>pads</EM> may also be manipulated.
+ These are windows which are not constrained to the size of
+ the screen and whose contents need not be completely dis-
+ played. See <STRONG><A HREF="curs_pad.3x.html">curs_pad(3x)</A></STRONG> for more information.
+ In addition to drawing characters on the screen, video
+ attributes and colors may be supported, causing the char-
+ acters to show up in such modes as underlined, in reverse
+ video, or in color on terminals that support such display
+ enhancements. Line drawing characters may be specified to
+ be output. On input, <STRONG>curses</STRONG> is also able to translate
+ arrow and function keys that transmit escape sequences
+ into single values. The video attributes, line drawing
+ characters, and input values use names, defined in
+ If the environment variables <STRONG>LINES</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLUMNS</STRONG> are set, or
+ if the program is executing in a window environment, line
+ and column information in the environment will override
+ information read by <EM>terminfo</EM>. This would affect a program
+ running in an AT&amp;T 630 layer, for example, where the size
+ of a screen is changeable (see <STRONG>ENVIRONMENT</STRONG>).
+ If the environment variable <STRONG>TERMINFO</STRONG> is defined, any pro-
+ gram using <STRONG>curses</STRONG> checks for a local terminal definition
+ before checking in the standard place. For example, if
+ <STRONG>TERM</STRONG> is set to <STRONG>att4424</STRONG>, then the compiled terminal defini-
+ tion is found in
+ <STRONG>/usr/share/terminfo/a/att4424</STRONG>.
+ (The <STRONG>a</STRONG> is copied from the first letter of <STRONG>att4424</STRONG> to avoid
+ creation of huge directories.) However, if <STRONG>TERMINFO</STRONG> is
+ set to <STRONG>$HOME/myterms</STRONG>, <STRONG>curses</STRONG> first checks
+ <STRONG>$HOME/myterms/a/att4424</STRONG>,
+ and if that fails, it then checks
+ <STRONG>/usr/share/terminfo/a/att4424</STRONG>.
+ This is useful for developing experimental definitions or
+ when write permission in <STRONG>/usr/share/terminfo</STRONG> is not avail-
+ able.
+ The integer variables <STRONG>LINES</STRONG> and <STRONG>COLS</STRONG> are defined in
+ <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG> and will be filled in by <STRONG>initscr</STRONG> with the size
+ of the screen. The constants <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> and <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG> have the val-
+ ues <STRONG>1</STRONG> and <STRONG>0</STRONG>, respectively.
+ The <STRONG>curses</STRONG> routines also define the <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG> variable
+ <STRONG>curscr</STRONG> which is used for certain low-level operations like
+ clearing and redrawing a screen containing garbage. The
+ <STRONG>curscr</STRONG> can be used in only a few routines.
+ Many <STRONG>curses</STRONG> routines have two or more versions. The rou-
+ tines prefixed with <STRONG>w</STRONG> require a window argument. The rou-
+ tines prefixed with <STRONG>p</STRONG> require a pad argument. Those with-
+ out a prefix generally use <STRONG>stdscr</STRONG>.
+ The routines prefixed with <STRONG>mv</STRONG> require a <EM>y</EM> and <EM>x</EM> coordinate
+ to move to before performing the appropriate action. The
+ <STRONG>mv</STRONG> routines imply a call to <STRONG>move</STRONG> before the call to the
+ other routine. The coordinate <EM>y</EM> always refers to the row
+ (of the window), and <EM>x</EM> always refers to the column. The
+ upper left-hand corner is always (0,0), not (1,1).
+ The routines prefixed with <STRONG>mvw</STRONG> take both a window argument
+ and <EM>x</EM> and <EM>y</EM> coordinates. The window argument is always
+ specified before the coordinates.
+ In each case, <EM>win</EM> is the window affected, and <EM>pad</EM> is the
+ pad affected; <EM>win</EM> and <EM>pad</EM> are always pointers to type <STRONG>WIN-</STRONG>
+ Option setting routines require a Boolean flag <EM>bf</EM> with the
+ value <STRONG>TRUE</STRONG> or <STRONG>FALSE</STRONG>; <EM>bf</EM> is always of type <STRONG>bool</STRONG>. Most of
+ the data types used in the library routines, such as <STRONG>WIN-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>DOW</STRONG>, <STRONG>SCREEN</STRONG>, <STRONG>bool</STRONG>, and <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> are defined in <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>.
+ Types used for the terminfo routines such as <STRONG>TERMINAL</STRONG> are
+ defined in <STRONG>&lt;term.h&gt;</STRONG>.
+ This manual page describes functions which may appear in
+ any configuration of the library. There are two common
+ configurations of the library:
+ ncurses
+ the "normal" library, which handles 8-bit
+ characters. The normal (8-bit) library stores
+ characters combined with attributes in <STRONG>chtype</STRONG>
+ data.
+ Attributes alone (no corresponding character)
+ may be stored in <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> or the equivalent
+ <STRONG>attr_t</STRONG> data. In either case, the data is
+ stored in something like an integer.
+ Each cell (row and column) in a <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> is
+ stored as a <STRONG>chtype</STRONG>.
+ ncursesw
+ the so-called "wide" library, which handles
+ multibyte characters (see the section on
+ includes all of the calls from the "normal"
+ library. It adds about one third more calls
+ using data types which store multibyte charac-
+ ters:
+ <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG>
+ corresponds to <STRONG>chtype</STRONG>. However it is a
+ structure, because more data is stored
+ than can fit into an integer. The char-
+ acters are large enough to require a full
+ integer value - and there may be more
+ than one character per cell. The video
+ attributes and color are stored in sepa-
+ rate fields of the structure.
+ Each cell (row and column) in a <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> is
+ stored as a <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG>.
+ <STRONG>wchar_t</STRONG>
+ stores a "wide" character. Like <STRONG>chtype</STRONG>,
+ this may be an integer.
+ <STRONG>wint_t</STRONG>
+ stores a <STRONG>wchar_t</STRONG> or <STRONG>WEOF</STRONG> - not the same,
+ though both may have the same size.
+ The "wide" library provides new functions
+ which are analogous to functions in the "nor-
+ mal" library. There is a naming convention
+ which relates many of the normal/wide vari-
+ ants: a "_w" is inserted into the name. For
+ example, <STRONG>waddch</STRONG> becomes <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG>.
+ The following table lists each <STRONG>curses</STRONG> routine and the name
+ of the manual page on which it is described. Routines
+ flagged with `*' are ncurses-specific, not described by
+ XPG4 or present in SVr4.
+ <STRONG>curses</STRONG> Routine Name Manual Page Name
+ --------------------------------------------
+ COLOR_PAIR <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ PAIR_NUMBER <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ _nc_free_and_exit <STRONG><A HREF="curs_memleaks.3x.html">curs_memleaks(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _nc_freeall <STRONG><A HREF="curs_memleaks.3x.html">curs_memleaks(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _nc_tracebits <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _traceattr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _traceattr2 <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _tracechar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _tracechtype <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _tracechtype2 <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _tracedump <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _tracef <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ _tracemouse <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ add_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ add_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ add_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ addch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ addchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ addchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ addnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ addnwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ addstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ addwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ assume_default_colors <STRONG><A HREF="default_colors.3x.html">default_colors(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ attr_get <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ attr_off <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ attr_on <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ attr_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ attroff <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ attron <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ attrset <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ baudrate <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ beep <STRONG><A HREF="curs_beep.3x.html">curs_beep(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ bkgd <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ bkgdset <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ bkgrnd <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgrnd.3x.html">curs_bkgrnd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ bkgrndset <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgrnd.3x.html">curs_bkgrnd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ border <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ border_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ box <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ box_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ can_change_color <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ cbreak <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ chgat <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ clear <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ clearok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ clrtobot <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ clrtoeol <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ color_content <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ color_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ copywin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_overlay.3x.html">curs_overlay(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ curs_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ curses_version <STRONG><A HREF="curs_extend.3x.html">curs_extend(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ def_prog_mode <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ def_shell_mode <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ define_key <STRONG><A HREF="define_key.3x.html">define_key(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ del_curterm <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ delay_output <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ delch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_delch.3x.html">curs_delch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ deleteln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_deleteln.3x.html">curs_deleteln(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ delscreen <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ delwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ derwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ doupdate <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ dupwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ echo <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ echo_wchar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ echochar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ endwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ erase <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ erasechar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ erasewchar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ filter <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ flash <STRONG><A HREF="curs_beep.3x.html">curs_beep(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ flushinp <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ get_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wch.3x.html">curs_get_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ get_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getattrs <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getbegx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getbegy <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getbegyx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getyx.3x.html">curs_getyx(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getbkgd <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getbkgrnd <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgrnd.3x.html">curs_bkgrnd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getcchar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getcchar.3x.html">curs_getcchar(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getch.3x.html">curs_getch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getcurx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getcury <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getmaxx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getmaxy <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getmaxyx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getyx.3x.html">curs_getyx(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getmouse <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getn_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getparx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getpary <STRONG><A HREF="curs_legacy.3x.html">curs_legacy(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ getparyx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getyx.3x.html">curs_getyx(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getsyx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ getyx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getyx.3x.html">curs_getyx(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ halfdelay <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ has_colors <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ has_ic <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ has_il <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ has_key <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getch.3x.html">curs_getch(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ hline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ hline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ idcok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ idlok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ immedok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ in_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wch.3x.html">curs_in_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ in_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ in_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ inch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">curs_inch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ inchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ inchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ init_color <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ init_pair <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ initscr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ innstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ innwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ ins_nwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ ins_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wch.3x.html">curs_ins_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ ins_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ insch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insch.3x.html">curs_insch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ insdelln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_deleteln.3x.html">curs_deleteln(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ insertln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_deleteln.3x.html">curs_deleteln(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ insnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ insstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ instr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ intrflush <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ inwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ is_cleared <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_idcok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_idlok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_immedok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_keypad <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_leaveok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_linetouched <STRONG><A HREF="curs_touch.3x.html">curs_touch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ is_nodelay <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_notimeout <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_scrollok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_syncok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_term_resized <STRONG><A HREF="resizeterm.3x.html">resizeterm(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ is_wintouched <STRONG><A HREF="curs_touch.3x.html">curs_touch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ isendwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ key_defined <STRONG><A HREF="key_defined.3x.html">key_defined(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ key_name <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ keybound <STRONG><A HREF="keybound.3x.html">keybound(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ keyname <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ keyok <STRONG><A HREF="keyok.3x.html">keyok(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ keypad <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ killchar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ killwchar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ leaveok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ longname <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mcprint <STRONG><A HREF="curs_print.3x.html">curs_print(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ meta <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mouse_trafo <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ mouseinterval <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ mousemask <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ move <STRONG><A HREF="curs_move.3x.html">curs_move(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvadd_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvadd_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvadd_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvaddch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvaddchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvaddchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvaddnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvaddnwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvaddstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvaddwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvchgat <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvcur <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvdelch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_delch.3x.html">curs_delch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvderwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvget_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wch.3x.html">curs_get_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvget_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvgetch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getch.3x.html">curs_getch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvgetn_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvgetnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvgetstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvhline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvhline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvin_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wch.3x.html">curs_in_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvin_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvin_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">curs_inch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinnwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvins_nwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvins_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wch.3x.html">curs_ins_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvins_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinsch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insch.3x.html">curs_insch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinsnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinsstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvinwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvprintw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_printw.3x.html">curs_printw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvscanw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scanw.3x.html">curs_scanw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvvline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvvline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwadd_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwadd_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwadd_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwaddch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwaddchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwaddchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwaddnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwaddnwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwaddstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwaddwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwchgat <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwdelch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_delch.3x.html">curs_delch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwget_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wch.3x.html">curs_get_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwget_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwgetch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getch.3x.html">curs_getch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwgetn_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwgetnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwgetstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwhline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwhline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwin_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wch.3x.html">curs_in_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwin_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwin_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">curs_inch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinnwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwins_nwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwins_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wch.3x.html">curs_ins_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwins_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinsch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insch.3x.html">curs_insch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinsnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinsstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwinwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwprintw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_printw.3x.html">curs_printw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwscanw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scanw.3x.html">curs_scanw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwvline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ mvwvline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ napms <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ newpad <STRONG><A HREF="curs_pad.3x.html">curs_pad(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ newterm <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ newwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ nl <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ nocbreak <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ nodelay <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ noecho <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ nofilter <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ nonl <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ noqiflush <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ noraw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ notimeout <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ overlay <STRONG><A HREF="curs_overlay.3x.html">curs_overlay(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ overwrite <STRONG><A HREF="curs_overlay.3x.html">curs_overlay(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ pair_content <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ pechochar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_pad.3x.html">curs_pad(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ pnoutrefresh <STRONG><A HREF="curs_pad.3x.html">curs_pad(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ prefresh <STRONG><A HREF="curs_pad.3x.html">curs_pad(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ printw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_printw.3x.html">curs_printw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ putp <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ putwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ qiflush <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ raw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ redrawwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ refresh <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ reset_prog_mode <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ reset_shell_mode <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ resetty <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ resizeterm <STRONG><A HREF="resizeterm.3x.html">resizeterm(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ restartterm <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ ripoffline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ savetty <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scanw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scanw.3x.html">curs_scanw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scr_dump <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scr_dump.3x.html">curs_scr_dump(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scr_init <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scr_dump.3x.html">curs_scr_dump(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scr_restore <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scr_dump.3x.html">curs_scr_dump(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scr_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scr_dump.3x.html">curs_scr_dump(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scrl <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scroll.3x.html">curs_scroll(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scroll <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scroll.3x.html">curs_scroll(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ scrollok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ set_curterm <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ set_term <STRONG><A HREF="curs_initscr.3x.html">curs_initscr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ setcchar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getcchar.3x.html">curs_getcchar(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ setscrreg <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ setsyx <STRONG><A HREF="curs_kernel.3x.html">curs_kernel(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ setterm <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ setupterm <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_attr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ slk_attr_off <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_attr_on <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_attr_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_attroff <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_attron <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_attrset <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_clear <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_color <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_init <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_label <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_noutrefresh <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_refresh <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_restore <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ slk_touch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ standend <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ standout <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ start_color <STRONG><A HREF="curs_color.3x.html">curs_color(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ subpad <STRONG><A HREF="curs_pad.3x.html">curs_pad(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ subwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ syncok <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ term_attrs <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ termattrs <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ termname <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termattrs.3x.html">curs_termattrs(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tgetent <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termcap.3x.html">curs_termcap(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tgetflag <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termcap.3x.html">curs_termcap(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tgetnum <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termcap.3x.html">curs_termcap(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tgetstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termcap.3x.html">curs_termcap(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tgoto <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termcap.3x.html">curs_termcap(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tigetflag <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tigetnum <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tigetstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ timeout <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ touchline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_touch.3x.html">curs_touch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ touchwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_touch.3x.html">curs_touch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tparm <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tputs <STRONG><A HREF="curs_termcap.3x.html">curs_termcap(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ tputs <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ trace <STRONG><A HREF="curs_trace.3x.html">curs_trace(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ typeahead <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ unctrl <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ unget_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wch.3x.html">curs_get_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ ungetch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getch.3x.html">curs_getch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ ungetmouse <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ untouchwin <STRONG><A HREF="curs_touch.3x.html">curs_touch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ use_default_colors <STRONG><A HREF="default_colors.3x.html">default_colors(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ use_env <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ use_extended_names <STRONG><A HREF="curs_extend.3x.html">curs_extend(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ use_legacy_coding <STRONG><A HREF="legacy_coding.3x.html">legacy_coding(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ vid_attr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vid_puts <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vidattr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vidputs <STRONG><A HREF="curs_terminfo.3x.html">curs_terminfo(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vw_printw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_printw.3x.html">curs_printw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vw_scanw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scanw.3x.html">curs_scanw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vwprintw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_printw.3x.html">curs_printw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ vwscanw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scanw.3x.html">curs_scanw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wadd_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wadd_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wadd_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wchstr.3x.html">curs_add_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ waddch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ waddchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ waddchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addchstr.3x.html">curs_addchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ waddnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ waddnwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ waddstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addstr.3x.html">curs_addstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ waddwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addwstr.3x.html">curs_addwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wattr_get <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wattr_off <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wattr_on <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wattr_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wattroff <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wattron <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wattrset <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wbkgd <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wbkgdset <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgd.3x.html">curs_bkgd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wbkgrnd <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgrnd.3x.html">curs_bkgrnd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wbkgrndset <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgrnd.3x.html">curs_bkgrnd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wborder <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wborder_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wchgat <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wclear <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wclrtobot <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wclrtoeol <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wcolor_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wcursyncup <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wdelch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_delch.3x.html">curs_delch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wdeleteln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_deleteln.3x.html">curs_deleteln(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wecho_wchar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wechochar <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wenclose <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ werase <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wget_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wch.3x.html">curs_get_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wget_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wgetbkgrnd <STRONG><A HREF="curs_bkgrnd.3x.html">curs_bkgrnd(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wgetch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getch.3x.html">curs_getch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wgetn_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_get_wstr.3x.html">curs_get_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wgetnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wgetstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getstr.3x.html">curs_getstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ whline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ whline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ win_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wch.3x.html">curs_in_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ win_wchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ win_wchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_in_wchstr.3x.html">curs_in_wchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">curs_inch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winchnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winchstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inchstr.3x.html">curs_inchstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winnwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wins_nwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wins_wch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wch.3x.html">curs_ins_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wins_wstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_ins_wstr.3x.html">curs_ins_wstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winsch <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insch.3x.html">curs_insch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winsdelln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_deleteln.3x.html">curs_deleteln(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winsertln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_deleteln.3x.html">curs_deleteln(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winsnstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winsstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_insstr.3x.html">curs_insstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_instr.3x.html">curs_instr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ winwstr <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inwstr.3x.html">curs_inwstr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wmouse_trafo <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ wmove <STRONG><A HREF="curs_move.3x.html">curs_move(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wnoutrefresh <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wprintw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_printw.3x.html">curs_printw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wredrawln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wrefresh <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wresize <STRONG><A HREF="wresize.3x.html">wresize(3x)</A></STRONG>*
+ wscanw <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scanw.3x.html">curs_scanw(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wscrl <STRONG><A HREF="curs_scroll.3x.html">curs_scroll(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wsetscrreg <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wstandend <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wstandout <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wsyncdown <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wsyncup <STRONG><A HREF="curs_window.3x.html">curs_window(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wtimeout <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inopts.3x.html">curs_inopts(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wtouchln <STRONG><A HREF="curs_touch.3x.html">curs_touch(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wunctrl <STRONG><A HREF="curs_util.3x.html">curs_util(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wvline <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border.3x.html">curs_border(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ wvline_set <STRONG><A HREF="curs_border_set.3x.html">curs_border_set(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ Routines that return an integer return <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> upon failure
+ and an integer value other than <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> upon successful com-
+ pletion, unless otherwise noted in the routine descrip-
+ tions.
+ All macros return the value of the <STRONG>w</STRONG> version, except
+ <STRONG>setscrreg</STRONG>, <STRONG>wsetscrreg</STRONG>, <STRONG>getyx</STRONG>, <STRONG>getbegyx</STRONG>, and <STRONG>getmaxyx</STRONG>. The
+ return values of <STRONG>setscrreg</STRONG>, <STRONG>wsetscrreg</STRONG>, <STRONG>getyx</STRONG>, <STRONG>getbegyx</STRONG>,
+ and <STRONG>getmaxyx</STRONG> are undefined (i.e., these should not be used
+ as the right-hand side of assignment statements).
+ Routines that return pointers return <STRONG>NULL</STRONG> on error.
+ The following environment symbols are useful for customiz-
+ ing the runtime behavior of the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library. The most
+ important ones have been already discussed in detail.
+ The debugging library checks this environment symbol
+ when the application has redirected output to a file.
+ The symbol's numeric value is used for the baudrate.
+ If no value is found, <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> uses 9600. This allows
+ testers to construct repeatable test-cases that take
+ into account costs that depend on baudrate.
+ CC When set, change occurrences of the command_character
+ (i.e., the <STRONG>cmdch</STRONG> capability) of the loaded terminfo
+ entries to the value of this symbol. Very few ter-
+ minfo entries provide this feature.
+ Because this name is also used in development envi-
+ ronments to represent the C compiler's name, <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG>
+ ignores it if it does not happen to be a single char-
+ acter.
+ Specify the width of the screen in characters.
+ Applications running in a windowing environment usu-
+ ally are able to obtain the width of the window in
+ which they are executing. If neither the <STRONG>COLUMNS</STRONG>
+ value nor the terminal's screen size is available,
+ <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> uses the size which may be specified in the
+ terminfo database (i.e., the <STRONG>cols</STRONG> capability).
+ It is important that your application use a correct
+ size for the screen. This is not always possible
+ because your application may be running on a host
+ which does not honor NAWS (Negotiations About Window
+ Size), or because you are temporarily running as
+ another user. However, setting <STRONG>COLUMNS</STRONG> and/or <STRONG>LINES</STRONG>
+ overrides the library's use of the screen size
+ obtained from the operating system.
+ Either <STRONG>COLUMNS</STRONG> or <STRONG>LINES</STRONG> symbols may be specified
+ independently. This is mainly useful to circumvent
+ legacy misfeatures of terminal descriptions, e.g.,
+ xterm which commonly specifies a 65 line screen. For
+ best results, <STRONG>lines</STRONG> and <STRONG>cols</STRONG> should not be specified
+ in a terminal description for terminals which are run
+ as emulations.
+ Use the <STRONG>use_env</STRONG> function to disable all use of exter-
+ nal environment (including system calls) to determine
+ the screen size.
+ Specifies the total time, in milliseconds, for which
+ ncurses will await a character sequence, e.g., a
+ function key. The default value, 1000 milliseconds,
+ is enough for most uses. However, it is made a vari-
+ able to accommodate unusual applications.
+ The most common instance where you may wish to change
+ this value is to work with slow hosts, e.g., running
+ on a network. If the host cannot read characters
+ rapidly enough, it will have the same effect as if
+ the terminal did not send characters rapidly enough.
+ The library will still see a timeout.
+ Note that xterm mouse events are built up from char-
+ acter sequences received from the xterm. If your
+ application makes heavy use of multiple-clicking, you
+ may wish to lengthen this default value because the
+ timeout applies to the composed multi-click event as
+ well as the individual clicks.
+ In addition to the environment variable, this imple-
+ mentation provides a global variable with the same
+ name. Portable applications should not rely upon the
+ presence of ESCDELAY in either form, but setting the
+ environment variable rather than the global variable
+ does not create problems when compiling an applica-
+ tion.
+ HOME Tells <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> where your home directory is. That is
+ where it may read and write auxiliary terminal
+ descriptions:
+ $HOME/.termcap
+ $HOME/.terminfo
+ Like COLUMNS, specify the height of the screen in
+ characters. See COLUMNS for a detailed description.
+ This applies only to the OS/2 EMX port. It specifies
+ the order of buttons on the mouse. OS/2 numbers a
+ 3-button mouse inconsistently from other platforms:
+ 1 = left
+ 2 = right
+ 3 = middle.
+ This symbol lets you customize the mouse. The symbol
+ must be three numeric digits 1-3 in any order, e.g.,
+ 123 or 321. If it is not specified, <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> uses
+ 132.
+ Override the compiled-in assumption that the termi-
+ nal's default colors are white-on-black (see
+ <STRONG><A HREF="default_colors.3x.html">default_colors(3x)</A></STRONG>). You may set the foreground and
+ background color values with this environment vari-
+ able by proving a 2-element list: foreground,back-
+ ground. For example, to tell ncurses to not assume
+ anything about the colors, set this to "-1,-1". To
+ make it green-on-black, set it to "2,0". Any posi-
+ tive value from zero to the terminfo <STRONG>max_colors</STRONG> value
+ is allowed.
+ This applies only to ncurses configured to use the
+ GPM interface.
+ If present, the environment variable is a list of one
+ or more terminal names against which the TERM envi-
+ ronment variable is matched. Setting it to an empty
+ value disables the GPM interface; using the built-in
+ support for xterm, etc.
+ If the environment variable is absent, ncurses will
+ attempt to open GPM if TERM contains "linux".
+ <STRONG>Ncurses</STRONG> may use tabs as part of the cursor movement
+ optimization. In some cases, your terminal driver
+ may not handle these properly. Set this environment
+ variable to disable the feature. You can also adjust
+ your <STRONG>stty</STRONG> settings to avoid the problem.
+ Some terminals use a magic-cookie feature which
+ requires special handling to make highlighting and
+ other video attributes display properly. You can
+ suppress the highlighting entirely for these termi-
+ nals by setting this environment variable.
+ Most of the terminal descriptions in the terminfo
+ database are written for real "hardware" terminals.
+ Many people use terminal emulators which run in a
+ windowing environment and use curses-based applica-
+ tions. Terminal emulators can duplicate all of the
+ important aspects of a hardware terminal, but they do
+ not have the same limitations. The chief limitation
+ of a hardware terminal from the standpoint of your
+ application is the management of dataflow, i.e., tim-
+ ing. Unless a hardware terminal is interfaced into a
+ terminal concentrator (which does flow control), it
+ (or your application) must manage dataflow, prevent-
+ ing overruns. The cheapest solution (no hardware
+ cost) is for your program to do this by pausing after
+ operations that the terminal does slowly, such as
+ clearing the display.
+ As a result, many terminal descriptions (including
+ the vt100) have delay times embedded. You may wish
+ to use these descriptions, but not want to pay the
+ performance penalty.
+ Set the NCURSES_NO_PADDING symbol to disable all but
+ mandatory padding. Mandatory padding is used as a
+ part of special control sequences such as <EM>flash</EM>.
+ Normally <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> enables buffered output during ter-
+ minal initialization. This is done (as in SVr4
+ curses) for performance reasons. For testing pur-
+ poses, both of <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> and certain applications, this
+ feature is made optional. Setting the
+ NCURSES_NO_SETBUF variable disables output buffering,
+ leaving the output in the original (usually line
+ buffered) mode.
+ During initialization, the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library checks for
+ special cases where VT100 line-drawing (and the cor-
+ responding alternate character set capabilities)
+ described in the terminfo are known to be missing.
+ Specifically, when running in a UTF-8 locale, the
+ Linux console emulator and the GNU screen program
+ ignore these. Ncurses checks the TERM environment
+ variable for these. For other special cases, you
+ should set this environment variable. Doing this
+ tells ncurses to use Unicode values which correspond
+ to the VT100 line-drawing glyphs. That works for the
+ special cases cited, and is likely to work for termi-
+ nal emulators.
+ When setting this variable, you should set it to a
+ nonzero value. Setting it to zero (or to a nonnum-
+ ber) disables the special check for "linux" and
+ "screen".
+ As an alternative to the environment variable,
+ ncurses checks for an extended terminfo capability
+ <STRONG>U8</STRONG>. This is a numeric capability which can be com-
+ piled using <STRONG>tic</STRONG> <STRONG>-x</STRONG>. For example
+ # linux console, if patched to provide working
+ # VT100 shift-in/shift-out, with corresponding font.
+ linux-vt100|linux console with VT100 line-graphics,
+ U8#0, use=linux,
+ # uxterm with vt100Graphics resource set to false
+ xterm-utf8|xterm relying on UTF-8 line-graphics,
+ U8#1, use=xterm,
+ The name "U8" is chosen to be two characters, to per-
+ mit it to be used by applications that use ncurses'
+ termcap interface.
+ During initialization, the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> debugging library
+ checks the NCURSES_TRACE symbol. If it is defined,
+ to a numeric value, <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> calls the <STRONG>trace</STRONG> function,
+ using that value as the argument.
+ The argument values, which are defined in <STRONG>curses.h</STRONG>,
+ provide several types of information. When running
+ with traces enabled, your application will write the
+ file <STRONG>trace</STRONG> to the current directory.
+ TERM Denotes your terminal type. Each terminal type is
+ distinct, though many are similar.
+ If the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library has been configured with <EM>term-</EM>
+ <EM>cap</EM> support, <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> will check for a terminal's
+ description in termcap form if it is not available in
+ the terminfo database.
+ The TERMCAP symbol contains either a terminal
+ description (with newlines stripped out), or a file
+ name telling where the information denoted by the
+ TERM symbol exists. In either case, setting it
+ directs <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> to ignore the usual place for this
+ information, e.g., /etc/termcap.
+ Overrides the directory in which <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> searches for
+ your terminal description. This is the simplest, but
+ not the only way to change the list of directories.
+ The complete list of directories in order follows:
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> the last directory to which <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> wrote, if
+ any, is searched first
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> the directory specified by the TERMINFO symbol
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> $HOME/.terminfo
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> directories listed in the TERMINFO_DIRS symbol
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> one or more directories whose names are config-
+ ured and compiled into the ncurses library, e.g.,
+ /usr/share/terminfo
+ Specifies a list of directories to search for termi-
+ nal descriptions. The list is separated by colons
+ (i.e., ":") on Unix, semicolons on OS/2 EMX. All of
+ the terminal descriptions are in terminfo form, which
+ makes a subdirectory named for the first letter of
+ the terminal names therein.
+ If TERMCAP does not hold a file name then <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG>
+ checks the TERMPATH symbol. This is a list of file-
+ names separated by spaces or colons (i.e., ":") on
+ Unix, semicolons on OS/2 EMX. If the TERMPATH symbol
+ is not set, <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> looks in the files /etc/termcap,
+ /usr/share/misc/termcap and $HOME/.termcap, in that
+ order.
+ The library may be configured to disregard the following
+ variables when the current user is the superuser (root),
+ or if the application uses setuid or setgid permissions:
+ Several different configurations are possible, depending
+ on the configure script options used when building
+ <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG>. There are a few main options whose effects are
+ visible to the applications developer using <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG>:
+ --disable-overwrite
+ The standard include for <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> is as noted in <STRONG>SYN-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>#include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
+ This option is used to avoid filename conflicts when
+ <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> is not the main implementation of curses of
+ the computer. If <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> is installed disabling
+ overwrite, it puts its headers in a subdirectory,
+ e.g.,
+ <STRONG>#include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;ncurses/curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
+ It also omits a symbolic link which would allow you
+ to use <STRONG>-lcurses</STRONG> to build executables.
+ --enable-widec
+ The configure script renames the library and (if the
+ <STRONG>--disable-overwrite</STRONG> option is used) puts the header
+ files in a different subdirectory. All of the
+ library names have a "w" appended to them, i.e.,
+ instead of
+ <STRONG>-lncurses</STRONG>
+ you link with
+ <STRONG>-lncursesw</STRONG>
+ You must also define <STRONG>_XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED</STRONG> when com-
+ piling for the wide-character library to use the
+ extended (wide-character) functions. The <STRONG>curses.h</STRONG>
+ file which is installed for the wide-character
+ library is designed to be compatible with the normal
+ library's header. Only the size of the <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> struc-
+ ture differs, and very few applications require more
+ than a pointer to <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG>s. If the headers are
+ installed allowing overwrite, the wide-character
+ library's headers should be installed last, to allow
+ applications to be built using either library from
+ the same set of headers.
+ --with-shared
+ --with-normal
+ --with-debug
+ --with-profile
+ The shared and normal (static) library names differ
+ by their suffixes, e.g., <STRONG>libncurses.so</STRONG> and
+ <STRONG>libncurses.a</STRONG>. The debug and profiling libraries add
+ a "_g" and a "_p" to the root names respectively,
+ e.g., <STRONG>libncurses_g.a</STRONG> and <STRONG>libncurses_p.a</STRONG>.
+ --with-trace
+ The <STRONG>trace</STRONG> function normally resides in the debug
+ library, but it is sometimes useful to configure this
+ in the shared library. Configure scripts should
+ check for the function's existence rather than assum-
+ ing it is always in the debug library.
+ /usr/share/tabset
+ directory containing initialization files for the
+ terminal capability database /usr/share/terminfo ter-
+ minal capability database
+ <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG> and related pages whose names begin "curs_"
+ for detailed routine descriptions.
+ <STRONG><A HREF="curs_variables.3x.html">curs_variables(3x)</A></STRONG>
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library can be compiled with an option
+ (<STRONG>-DUSE_GETCAP</STRONG>) that falls back to the old-style /etc/term-
+ cap file if the terminal setup code cannot find a terminfo
+ entry corresponding to <STRONG>TERM</STRONG>. Use of this feature is not
+ recommended, as it essentially includes an entire termcap
+ compiler in the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> startup code, at significant cost
+ in core and startup cycles.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library includes facilities for capturing
+ mouse events on certain terminals (including xterm). See
+ the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG> manual page for details.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library includes facilities for responding to
+ window resizing events, e.g., when running in an xterm.
+ See the <STRONG><A HREF="resizeterm.3x.html">resizeterm(3x)</A></STRONG> and <STRONG><A HREF="wresize.3x.html">wresize(3x)</A></STRONG> manual pages for
+ details. In addition, the library may be configured with
+ a SIGWINCH handler.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library extends the fixed set of function key
+ capabilities of terminals by allowing the application
+ designer to define additional key sequences at runtime.
+ See the <STRONG><A HREF="define_key.3x.html">define_key(3x)</A></STRONG> <STRONG><A HREF="key_defined.3x.html">key_defined(3x)</A></STRONG>, and <STRONG><A HREF="keyok.3x.html">keyok(3x)</A></STRONG> man-
+ ual pages for details.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library can exploit the capabilities of termi-
+ nals which implement the ISO-6429 SGR 39 and SGR 49 con-
+ trols, which allow an application to reset the terminal to
+ its original foreground and background colors. From the
+ users' perspective, the application is able to draw col-
+ ored text on a background whose color is set indepen-
+ dently, providing better control over color contrasts.
+ See the <STRONG><A HREF="default_colors.3x.html">default_colors(3x)</A></STRONG> manual page for details.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library includes a function for directing
+ application output to a printer attached to the terminal
+ device. See the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_print.3x.html">curs_print(3x)</A></STRONG> manual page for details.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library is intended to be BASE-level confor-
+ mant with XSI Curses. The EXTENDED XSI Curses functional-
+ ity (including color support) is supported.
+ A small number of local differences (that is, individual
+ differences between the XSI Curses and <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> calls) are
+ described in <STRONG>PORTABILITY</STRONG> sections of the library man
+ pages.
+ This implementation also contains several extensions:
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The routine <STRONG>has_key</STRONG> is not part of XPG4, nor is it
+ present in SVr4. See the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_getch.3x.html">curs_getch(3x)</A></STRONG> manual page
+ for details.
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The routine <STRONG>slk_attr</STRONG> is not part of XPG4, nor is it
+ present in SVr4. See the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_slk.3x.html">curs_slk(3x)</A></STRONG> manual page for
+ details.
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The routines <STRONG>getmouse</STRONG>, <STRONG>mousemask</STRONG>, <STRONG>ungetmouse</STRONG>, <STRONG>mousein-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>terval</STRONG>, and <STRONG>wenclose</STRONG> relating to mouse interfacing are
+ not part of XPG4, nor are they present in SVr4. See
+ the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_mouse.3x.html">curs_mouse(3x)</A></STRONG> manual page for details.
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The routine <STRONG>mcprint</STRONG> was not present in any previous
+ curses implementation. See the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_print.3x.html">curs_print(3x)</A></STRONG> manual
+ page for details.
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The routine <STRONG>wresize</STRONG> is not part of XPG4, nor is it
+ present in SVr4. See the <STRONG><A HREF="wresize.3x.html">wresize(3x)</A></STRONG> manual page for
+ details.
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The WINDOW structure's internal details can be hidden
+ from application programs. See <STRONG><A HREF="curs_opaque.3x.html">curs_opaque(3x)</A></STRONG> for
+ the discussion of <STRONG>is_scrollok</STRONG>, etc.
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> This implementation can be configured to provide rudi-
+ mentary support for multi-threaded applications. See
+ <STRONG><A HREF="curs_threads.3x.html">curs_threads(3x)</A></STRONG> for details.
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> This implementation can also be configured to provide
+ a set of functions which improve the ability to manage
+ multiple screens. See <STRONG><A HREF="curs_sp_funcs.3x.html">curs_sp_funcs(3x)</A></STRONG> for details.
+ In historic curses versions, delays embedded in the capa-
+ bilities <STRONG>cr</STRONG>, <STRONG>ind</STRONG>, <STRONG>cub1</STRONG>, <STRONG>ff</STRONG> and <STRONG>tab</STRONG> activated corresponding
+ delay bits in the UNIX tty driver. In this implementa-
+ tion, all padding is done by sending NUL bytes. This
+ method is slightly more expensive, but narrows the inter-
+ face to the UNIX kernel significantly and increases the
+ package's portability correspondingly.
+ The header file <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG> automatically includes the
+ header files <STRONG>&lt;stdio.h&gt;</STRONG> and <STRONG>&lt;unctrl.h&gt;</STRONG>.
+ If standard output from a <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> program is re-directed
+ to something which is not a tty, screen updates will be
+ directed to standard error. This was an undocumented fea-
+ ture of AT&amp;T System V Release 3 curses.
+ Zeyd M. Ben-Halim, Eric S. Raymond, Thomas E. Dickey.
+ Based on pcurses by Pavel Curtis.
+ <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG>
+Man(1) output converted with
+<a href="http://www.oac.uci.edu/indiv/ehood/man2html.html">man2html</a>