path: root/doc/html/man/terminfo.5.html
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authorXin LI <delphij@FreeBSD.org>2014-03-01 00:09:36 +0000
committerXin LI <delphij@FreeBSD.org>2014-03-01 00:09:36 +0000
commit6826a395a618014c4541ff6a654be0d3afb392a1 (patch)
treecfae23e686b177255a6fb3304d166f1ce5cd7ca1 /doc/html/man/terminfo.5.html
parenta0044ffc69cfe39a3b0b2d208e0952254555afc6 (diff)
Compensate previous import with the removed files.vendor/ncurses/5.9-20110404
Notes: svn path=/vendor/ncurses/dist/; revision=262633 svn path=/vendor/ncurses/5.9-20110404/; revision=262635; tag=vendor/ncurses/5.9-20110404
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+ * t
+ * It is generated from terminfo.head, Caps, and terminfo.tail.
+ * Note: this must be run through tbl before nroff.
+ * The magic cookie on the first line triggers this under some man programs.
+ ****************************************************************************
+ * Copyright (c) 1998-2009,2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
+ * *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a *
+ * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the *
+ * "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including *
+ * without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, *
+ * distribute, distribute with modifications, sublicense, and/or sell *
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is *
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: *
+ * *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included *
+ * in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. *
+ * *
+ * *
+ * Except as contained in this notice, the name(s) of the above copyright *
+ * holders shall not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the *
+ * sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written *
+ * authorization. *
+ ****************************************************************************
+ * @Id: terminfo.head,v 1.18 2010/07/31 16:08:48 tom Exp @
+ * Head of terminfo man page ends here
+ * @Id: terminfo.tail,v 1.53 2010/12/04 18:38:55 tom Exp @
+ * Beginning of terminfo.tail file
+ * This file is part of ncurses.
+ * See "terminfo.head" for copyright.
+ *.in -2
+ *.in +2
+ *.in -2
+ *.in +2
+ *.TH
+<TITLE>terminfo 5 File Formats</TITLE>
+<link rev=made href="mailto:bug-ncurses@gnu.org">
+<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
+<H1>terminfo 5 File Formats</H1>
+<!-- Manpage converted by man2html 3.0.1 -->
+<STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG> File Formats <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG>
+ terminfo - terminal capability data base
+ /usr/share/terminfo/*/*
+ <EM>Terminfo</EM> is a data base describing terminals, used by
+ screen-oriented programs such as <STRONG><A HREF="nvi.1.html">nvi(1)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="rogue.1.html">rogue(1)</A></STRONG> and
+ libraries such as <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>. <EM>Terminfo</EM> describes termi-
+ nals by giving a set of capabilities which they have, by
+ specifying how to perform screen operations, and by speci-
+ fying padding requirements and initialization sequences.
+ This describes <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> version 5.9 (patch 20110404).
+ Entries in <EM>terminfo</EM> consist of a sequence of `,' separated
+ fields (embedded commas may be escaped with a backslash or
+ notated as \054). White space after the `,' separator is
+ ignored. The first entry for each terminal gives the
+ names which are known for the terminal, separated by `|'
+ characters. The first name given is the most common
+ abbreviation for the terminal, the last name given should
+ be a long name fully identifying the terminal, and all
+ others are understood as synonyms for the terminal name.
+ All names but the last should be in lower case and contain
+ no blanks; the last name may well contain upper case and
+ blanks for readability.
+ Lines beginning with a `#' in the first column are treated
+ as comments. While comment lines are legal at any point,
+ the output of <STRONG>captoinfo</STRONG> and <STRONG>infotocap</STRONG> (aliases for <STRONG>tic</STRONG>)
+ will move comments so they occur only between entries.
+ Newlines and leading tabs may be used for formatting
+ entries for readability. These are removed from parsed
+ entries. The <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> <STRONG>-f</STRONG> option relies on this to format
+ if-then-else expressions: the result can be read by <STRONG>tic</STRONG>.
+ Terminal names (except for the last, verbose entry) should
+ be chosen using the following conventions. The particular
+ piece of hardware making up the terminal should have a
+ root name, thus ``hp2621''. This name should not contain
+ hyphens. Modes that the hardware can be in, or user pref-
+ erences, should be indicated by appending a hyphen and a
+ mode suffix. Thus, a vt100 in 132 column mode would be
+ vt100-w. The following suffixes should be used where pos-
+ sible:
+ -<EM>nn</EM> Number of lines on the screen aaa-60
+ -<EM>n</EM>p Number of pages of memory c100-4p
+ -am With automargins (usually the default) vt100-am
+ -m Mono mode; suppress color ansi-m
+ -mc Magic cookie; spaces when highlighting wy30-mc
+ -na No arrow keys (leave them in local) c100-na
+ -nam Without automatic margins vt100-nam
+ -nl No status line att4415-nl
+ -ns No status line hp2626-ns
+ -rv Reverse video c100-rv
+ -s Enable status line vt100-s
+ -vb Use visible bell instead of beep wy370-vb
+ -w Wide mode (&gt; 80 columns, usually 132) vt100-w
+ For more on terminal naming conventions, see the <STRONG>term(7)</STRONG>
+ manual page.
+ <STRONG>Capabilities</STRONG>
+ The following is a complete table of the capabilities
+ included in a terminfo description block and available to
+ terminfo-using code. In each line of the table,
+ The <STRONG>variable</STRONG> is the name by which the programmer (at the
+ terminfo level) accesses the capability.
+ The <STRONG>capname</STRONG> is the short name used in the text of the
+ database, and is used by a person updating the database.
+ Whenever possible, capnames are chosen to be the same as
+ or similar to the ANSI X3.64-1979 standard (now superseded
+ by ECMA-48, which uses identical or very similar names).
+ Semantics are also intended to match those of the specifi-
+ cation.
+ The termcap code is the old <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> capability name (some
+ capabilities are new, and have names which termcap did not
+ originate).
+ Capability names have no hard length limit, but an infor-
+ mal limit of 5 characters has been adopted to keep them
+ short and to allow the tabs in the source file <STRONG>Caps</STRONG> to
+ line up nicely.
+ Finally, the description field attempts to convey the
+ semantics of the capability. You may find some codes in
+ the description field:
+ (P) indicates that padding may be specified
+ #[1-9] in the description field indicates that the string
+ is passed through tparm with parms as given (#<EM>i</EM>).
+ (P*) indicates that padding may vary in proportion to
+ the number of lines affected
+ (#<EM>i</EM>) indicates the <EM>i</EM>th parameter.
+ These are the boolean capabilities:
+ auto_left_margin bw bw cub1 wraps from col-
+ umn 0 to last column
+ auto_right_margin am am terminal has auto-
+ matic margins
+ back_color_erase bce ut screen erased with
+ background color
+ can_change ccc cc terminal can re-
+ define existing col-
+ ors
+ ceol_standout_glitch xhp xs standout not erased
+ by overwriting (hp)
+ col_addr_glitch xhpa YA only positive motion
+ for hpa/mhpa caps
+ cpi_changes_res cpix YF changing character
+ pitch changes reso-
+ lution
+ cr_cancels_micro_mode crxm YB using cr turns off
+ micro mode
+ dest_tabs_magic_smso xt xt tabs destructive,
+ magic so char
+ (t1061)
+ eat_newline_glitch xenl xn newline ignored
+ after 80 cols (con-
+ cept)
+ erase_overstrike eo eo can erase over-
+ strikes with a blank
+ generic_type gn gn generic line type
+ hard_copy hc hc hardcopy terminal
+ hard_cursor chts HC cursor is hard to
+ see
+ has_meta_key km km Has a meta key
+ (i.e., sets 8th-bit)
+ has_print_wheel daisy YC printer needs opera-
+ tor to change char-
+ acter set
+ has_status_line hs hs has extra status
+ line
+ hue_lightness_saturation hls hl terminal uses only
+ HLS color notation
+ (Tektronix)
+ insert_null_glitch in in insert mode distin-
+ guishes nulls
+ lpi_changes_res lpix YG changing line pitch
+ changes resolution
+ memory_above da da display may be
+ retained above the
+ screen
+ memory_below db db display may be
+ retained below the
+ screen
+ move_insert_mode mir mi safe to move while
+ in insert mode
+ move_standout_mode msgr ms safe to move while
+ in standout mode
+ needs_xon_xoff nxon nx padding will not
+ work, xon/xoff
+ required
+ no_esc_ctlc xsb xb beehive (f1=escape,
+ f2=ctrl C)
+ no_pad_char npc NP pad character does
+ not exist
+ non_dest_scroll_region ndscr ND scrolling region is
+ non-destructive
+ non_rev_rmcup nrrmc NR smcup does not
+ reverse rmcup
+ over_strike os os terminal can over-
+ strike
+ prtr_silent mc5i 5i printer will not
+ echo on screen
+ row_addr_glitch xvpa YD only positive motion
+ for vpa/mvpa caps
+ semi_auto_right_margin sam YE printing in last
+ column causes cr
+ status_line_esc_ok eslok es escape can be used
+ on the status line
+ tilde_glitch hz hz cannot print ~'s
+ (hazeltine)
+ transparent_underline ul ul underline character
+ overstrikes
+ xon_xoff xon xo terminal uses
+ xon/xoff handshaking
+ These are the numeric capabilities:
+ columns cols co number of columns in
+ a line
+ init_tabs it it tabs initially every
+ # spaces
+ label_height lh lh rows in each label
+ label_width lw lw columns in each
+ label
+ lines lines li number of lines on
+ screen or page
+ lines_of_memory lm lm lines of memory if &gt;
+ line. 0 means varies
+ magic_cookie_glitch xmc sg number of blank
+ characters left by
+ smso or rmso
+ max_attributes ma ma maximum combined
+ attributes terminal
+ can handle
+ max_colors colors Co maximum number of
+ colors on screen
+ max_pairs pairs pa maximum number of
+ color-pairs on the
+ screen
+ maximum_windows wnum MW maximum number of
+ defineable windows
+ no_color_video ncv NC video attributes
+ that cannot be used
+ with colors
+ num_labels nlab Nl number of labels on
+ screen
+ padding_baud_rate pb pb lowest baud rate
+ where padding needed
+ virtual_terminal vt vt virtual terminal
+ number (CB/unix)
+ width_status_line wsl ws number of columns in
+ status line
+ The following numeric capabilities are present in the
+ SVr4.0 term structure, but are not yet documented in the
+ man page. They came in with SVr4's printer support.
+ bit_image_entwining bitwin Yo number of passes for
+ each bit-image row
+ bit_image_type bitype Yp type of bit-image
+ device
+ buffer_capacity bufsz Ya numbers of bytes
+ buffered before
+ printing
+ buttons btns BT number of buttons on
+ mouse
+ dot_horz_spacing spinh Yc spacing of dots hor-
+ izontally in dots
+ per inch
+ dot_vert_spacing spinv Yb spacing of pins ver-
+ tically in pins per
+ inch
+ max_micro_address maddr Yd maximum value in
+ micro_..._address
+ max_micro_jump mjump Ye maximum value in
+ parm_..._micro
+ micro_col_size mcs Yf character step size
+ when in micro mode
+ micro_line_size mls Yg line step size when
+ in micro mode
+ number_of_pins npins Yh numbers of pins in
+ print-head
+ output_res_char orc Yi horizontal resolu-
+ tion in units per
+ line
+ output_res_horz_inch orhi Yk horizontal resolu-
+ tion in units per
+ inch
+ output_res_line orl Yj vertical resolution
+ in units per line
+ output_res_vert_inch orvi Yl vertical resolution
+ in units per inch
+ print_rate cps Ym print rate in char-
+ acters per second
+ wide_char_size widcs Yn character step size
+ when in double wide
+ mode
+ These are the string capabilities:
+ acs_chars acsc ac graphics charset
+ pairs, based on
+ vt100
+ back_tab cbt bt back tab (P)
+ bell bel bl audible signal
+ (bell) (P)
+ carriage_return cr cr carriage return (P*)
+ (P*)
+ change_char_pitch cpi ZA Change number of
+ characters per inch
+ to #1
+ change_line_pitch lpi ZB Change number of
+ lines per inch to #1
+ change_res_horz chr ZC Change horizontal
+ resolution to #1
+ change_res_vert cvr ZD Change vertical res-
+ olution to #1
+ change_scroll_region csr cs change region to
+ line #1 to line #2
+ (P)
+ char_padding rmp rP like ip but when in
+ insert mode
+ clear_all_tabs tbc ct clear all tab stops
+ (P)
+ clear_margins mgc MC clear right and left
+ soft margins
+ clear_screen clear cl clear screen and
+ home cursor (P*)
+ clr_bol el1 cb Clear to beginning
+ of line
+ clr_eol el ce clear to end of line
+ (P)
+ clr_eos ed cd clear to end of
+ screen (P*)
+ column_address hpa ch horizontal position
+ #1, absolute (P)
+ command_character cmdch CC terminal settable
+ cmd character in
+ prototype !?
+ create_window cwin CW define a window #1
+ from #2,#3 to #4,#5
+ cursor_address cup cm move to row #1
+ columns #2
+ cursor_down cud1 do down one line
+ cursor_home home ho home cursor (if no
+ cup)
+ cursor_invisible civis vi make cursor invisi-
+ ble
+ cursor_left cub1 le move left one space
+ cursor_mem_address mrcup CM memory relative cur-
+ sor addressing, move
+ to row #1 columns #2
+ cursor_normal cnorm ve make cursor appear
+ normal (undo
+ civis/cvvis)
+ cursor_right cuf1 nd non-destructive
+ space (move right
+ one space)
+ cursor_to_ll ll ll last line, first
+ column (if no cup)
+ cursor_up cuu1 up up one line
+ cursor_visible cvvis vs make cursor very
+ visible
+ define_char defc ZE Define a character
+ #1, #2 dots wide,
+ descender #3
+ delete_character dch1 dc delete character
+ (P*)
+ delete_line dl1 dl delete line (P*)
+ dial_phone dial DI dial number #1
+ dis_status_line dsl ds disable status line
+ display_clock dclk DK display clock
+ down_half_line hd hd half a line down
+ ena_acs enacs eA enable alternate
+ char set
+ enter_alt_charset_mode smacs as start alternate
+ character set (P)
+ enter_am_mode smam SA turn on automatic
+ margins
+ enter_blink_mode blink mb turn on blinking
+ enter_bold_mode bold md turn on bold (extra
+ bright) mode
+ enter_ca_mode smcup ti string to start pro-
+ grams using cup
+ enter_delete_mode smdc dm enter delete mode
+ enter_dim_mode dim mh turn on half-bright
+ mode
+ enter_doublewide_mode swidm ZF Enter double-wide
+ mode
+ enter_draft_quality sdrfq ZG Enter draft-quality
+ mode
+ enter_insert_mode smir im enter insert mode
+ enter_italics_mode sitm ZH Enter italic mode
+ enter_leftward_mode slm ZI Start leftward car-
+ riage motion
+ enter_micro_mode smicm ZJ Start micro-motion
+ mode
+ enter_near_letter_quality snlq ZK Enter NLQ mode
+ enter_normal_quality snrmq ZL Enter normal-quality
+ mode
+ enter_protected_mode prot mp turn on protected
+ mode
+ enter_reverse_mode rev mr turn on reverse
+ video mode
+ enter_secure_mode invis mk turn on blank mode
+ (characters invisi-
+ ble)
+ enter_shadow_mode sshm ZM Enter shadow-print
+ mode
+ enter_standout_mode smso so begin standout mode
+ enter_subscript_mode ssubm ZN Enter subscript mode
+ enter_superscript_mode ssupm ZO Enter superscript
+ mode
+ enter_underline_mode smul us begin underline mode
+ enter_upward_mode sum ZP Start upward car-
+ riage motion
+ enter_xon_mode smxon SX turn on xon/xoff
+ handshaking
+ erase_chars ech ec erase #1 characters
+ (P)
+ exit_alt_charset_mode rmacs ae end alternate char-
+ acter set (P)
+ exit_am_mode rmam RA turn off automatic
+ margins
+ exit_attribute_mode sgr0 me turn off all
+ attributes
+ exit_ca_mode rmcup te strings to end pro-
+ grams using cup
+ exit_delete_mode rmdc ed end delete mode
+ exit_doublewide_mode rwidm ZQ End double-wide mode
+ exit_insert_mode rmir ei exit insert mode
+ exit_italics_mode ritm ZR End italic mode
+ exit_leftward_mode rlm ZS End left-motion mode
+ exit_micro_mode rmicm ZT End micro-motion
+ mode
+ exit_shadow_mode rshm ZU End shadow-print
+ mode
+ exit_standout_mode rmso se exit standout mode
+ exit_subscript_mode rsubm ZV End subscript mode
+ exit_superscript_mode rsupm ZW End superscript mode
+ exit_underline_mode rmul ue exit underline mode
+ exit_upward_mode rum ZX End reverse charac-
+ ter motion
+ exit_xon_mode rmxon RX turn off xon/xoff
+ handshaking
+ fixed_pause pause PA pause for 2-3 sec-
+ onds
+ flash_hook hook fh flash switch hook
+ flash_screen flash vb visible bell (may
+ not move cursor)
+ form_feed ff ff hardcopy terminal
+ page eject (P*)
+ from_status_line fsl fs return from status
+ line
+ goto_window wingo WG go to window #1
+ hangup hup HU hang-up phone
+ init_1string is1 i1 initialization
+ string
+ init_2string is2 is initialization
+ string
+ init_3string is3 i3 initialization
+ string
+ init_file if if name of initializa-
+ tion file
+ init_prog iprog iP path name of program
+ for initialization
+ initialize_color initc Ic initialize color #1
+ to (#2,#3,#4)
+ initialize_pair initp Ip Initialize color
+ pair #1 to
+ fg=(#2,#3,#4),
+ bg=(#5,#6,#7)
+ insert_character ich1 ic insert character (P)
+ insert_line il1 al insert line (P*)
+ insert_padding ip ip insert padding after
+ inserted character
+ key_a1 ka1 K1 upper left of keypad
+ key_a3 ka3 K3 upper right of key-
+ pad
+ key_b2 kb2 K2 center of keypad
+ key_backspace kbs kb backspace key
+ key_beg kbeg @1 begin key
+ key_btab kcbt kB back-tab key
+ key_c1 kc1 K4 lower left of keypad
+ key_c3 kc3 K5 lower right of key-
+ pad
+ key_cancel kcan @2 cancel key
+ key_catab ktbc ka clear-all-tabs key
+ key_clear kclr kC clear-screen or
+ erase key
+ key_close kclo @3 close key
+ key_command kcmd @4 command key
+ key_copy kcpy @5 copy key
+ key_create kcrt @6 create key
+ key_ctab kctab kt clear-tab key
+ key_dc kdch1 kD delete-character key
+ key_dl kdl1 kL delete-line key
+ key_down kcud1 kd down-arrow key
+ key_eic krmir kM sent by rmir or smir
+ in insert mode
+ key_end kend @7 end key
+ key_enter kent @8 enter/send key
+ key_eol kel kE clear-to-end-of-line
+ key
+ key_eos ked kS clear-to-end-of-
+ screen key
+ key_exit kext @9 exit key
+ key_f0 kf0 k0 F0 function key
+ key_f1 kf1 k1 F1 function key
+ key_f10 kf10 k; F10 function key
+ key_f11 kf11 F1 F11 function key
+ key_f12 kf12 F2 F12 function key
+ key_f13 kf13 F3 F13 function key
+ key_f14 kf14 F4 F14 function key
+ key_f15 kf15 F5 F15 function key
+ key_f16 kf16 F6 F16 function key
+ key_f17 kf17 F7 F17 function key
+ key_f18 kf18 F8 F18 function key
+ key_f19 kf19 F9 F19 function key
+ key_f2 kf2 k2 F2 function key
+ key_f20 kf20 FA F20 function key
+ key_f21 kf21 FB F21 function key
+ key_f22 kf22 FC F22 function key
+ key_f23 kf23 FD F23 function key
+ key_f24 kf24 FE F24 function key
+ key_f25 kf25 FF F25 function key
+ key_f26 kf26 FG F26 function key
+ key_f27 kf27 FH F27 function key
+ key_f28 kf28 FI F28 function key
+ key_f29 kf29 FJ F29 function key
+ key_f3 kf3 k3 F3 function key
+ key_f30 kf30 FK F30 function key
+ key_f31 kf31 FL F31 function key
+ key_f32 kf32 FM F32 function key
+ key_f33 kf33 FN F33 function key
+ key_f34 kf34 FO F34 function key
+ key_f35 kf35 FP F35 function key
+ key_f36 kf36 FQ F36 function key
+ key_f37 kf37 FR F37 function key
+ key_f38 kf38 FS F38 function key
+ key_f39 kf39 FT F39 function key
+ key_f4 kf4 k4 F4 function key
+ key_f40 kf40 FU F40 function key
+ key_f41 kf41 FV F41 function key
+ key_f42 kf42 FW F42 function key
+ key_f43 kf43 FX F43 function key
+ key_f44 kf44 FY F44 function key
+ key_f45 kf45 FZ F45 function key
+ key_f46 kf46 Fa F46 function key
+ key_f47 kf47 Fb F47 function key
+ key_f48 kf48 Fc F48 function key
+ key_f49 kf49 Fd F49 function key
+ key_f5 kf5 k5 F5 function key
+ key_f50 kf50 Fe F50 function key
+ key_f51 kf51 Ff F51 function key
+ key_f52 kf52 Fg F52 function key
+ key_f53 kf53 Fh F53 function key
+ key_f54 kf54 Fi F54 function key
+ key_f55 kf55 Fj F55 function key
+ key_f56 kf56 Fk F56 function key
+ key_f57 kf57 Fl F57 function key
+ key_f58 kf58 Fm F58 function key
+ key_f59 kf59 Fn F59 function key
+ key_f6 kf6 k6 F6 function key
+ key_f60 kf60 Fo F60 function key
+ key_f61 kf61 Fp F61 function key
+ key_f62 kf62 Fq F62 function key
+ key_f63 kf63 Fr F63 function key
+ key_f7 kf7 k7 F7 function key
+ key_f8 kf8 k8 F8 function key
+ key_f9 kf9 k9 F9 function key
+ key_find kfnd @0 find key
+ key_help khlp %1 help key
+ key_home khome kh home key
+ key_ic kich1 kI insert-character key
+ key_il kil1 kA insert-line key
+ key_left kcub1 kl left-arrow key
+ key_ll kll kH lower-left key (home
+ down)
+ key_mark kmrk %2 mark key
+ key_message kmsg %3 message key
+ key_move kmov %4 move key
+ key_next knxt %5 next key
+ key_npage knp kN next-page key
+ key_open kopn %6 open key
+ key_options kopt %7 options key
+ key_ppage kpp kP previous-page key
+ key_previous kprv %8 previous key
+ key_print kprt %9 print key
+ key_redo krdo %0 redo key
+ key_reference kref &amp;1 reference key
+ key_refresh krfr &amp;2 refresh key
+ key_replace krpl &amp;3 replace key
+ key_restart krst &amp;4 restart key
+ key_resume kres &amp;5 resume key
+ key_right kcuf1 kr right-arrow key
+ key_save ksav &amp;6 save key
+ key_sbeg kBEG &amp;9 shifted begin key
+ key_scancel kCAN &amp;0 shifted cancel key
+ key_scommand kCMD *1 shifted command key
+ key_scopy kCPY *2 shifted copy key
+ key_screate kCRT *3 shifted create key
+ key_sdc kDC *4 shifted delete-char-
+ acter key
+ key_sdl kDL *5 shifted delete-line
+ key
+ key_select kslt *6 select key
+ key_send kEND *7 shifted end key
+ key_seol kEOL *8 shifted clear-to-
+ end-of-line key
+ key_sexit kEXT *9 shifted exit key
+ key_sf kind kF scroll-forward key
+ key_sfind kFND *0 shifted find key
+ key_shelp kHLP #1 shifted help key
+ key_shome kHOM #2 shifted home key
+ key_sic kIC #3 shifted insert-char-
+ acter key
+ key_sleft kLFT #4 shifted left-arrow
+ key
+ key_smessage kMSG %a shifted message key
+ key_smove kMOV %b shifted move key
+ key_snext kNXT %c shifted next key
+ key_soptions kOPT %d shifted options key
+ key_sprevious kPRV %e shifted previous key
+ key_sprint kPRT %f shifted print key
+ key_sr kri kR scroll-backward key
+ key_sredo kRDO %g shifted redo key
+ key_sreplace kRPL %h shifted replace key
+ key_sright kRIT %i shifted right-arrow
+ key
+ key_srsume kRES %j shifted resume key
+ key_ssave kSAV !1 shifted save key
+ key_ssuspend kSPD !2 shifted suspend key
+ key_stab khts kT set-tab key
+ key_sundo kUND !3 shifted undo key
+ key_suspend kspd &amp;7 suspend key
+ key_undo kund &amp;8 undo key
+ key_up kcuu1 ku up-arrow key
+ keypad_local rmkx ke leave 'key-
+ board_transmit' mode
+ keypad_xmit smkx ks enter 'key-
+ board_transmit' mode
+ lab_f0 lf0 l0 label on function
+ key f0 if not f0
+ lab_f1 lf1 l1 label on function
+ key f1 if not f1
+ lab_f10 lf10 la label on function
+ key f10 if not f10
+ lab_f2 lf2 l2 label on function
+ key f2 if not f2
+ lab_f3 lf3 l3 label on function
+ key f3 if not f3
+ lab_f4 lf4 l4 label on function
+ key f4 if not f4
+ lab_f5 lf5 l5 label on function
+ key f5 if not f5
+ lab_f6 lf6 l6 label on function
+ key f6 if not f6
+ lab_f7 lf7 l7 label on function
+ key f7 if not f7
+ lab_f8 lf8 l8 label on function
+ key f8 if not f8
+ lab_f9 lf9 l9 label on function
+ key f9 if not f9
+ label_format fln Lf label format
+ label_off rmln LF turn off soft labels
+ label_on smln LO turn on soft labels
+ meta_off rmm mo turn off meta mode
+ meta_on smm mm turn on meta mode
+ (8th-bit on)
+ micro_column_address mhpa ZY Like column_address
+ in micro mode
+ micro_down mcud1 ZZ Like cursor_down in
+ micro mode
+ micro_left mcub1 Za Like cursor_left in
+ micro mode
+ micro_right mcuf1 Zb Like cursor_right in
+ micro mode
+ micro_row_address mvpa Zc Like row_address #1
+ in micro mode
+ micro_up mcuu1 Zd Like cursor_up in
+ micro mode
+ newline nel nw newline (behave like
+ cr followed by lf)
+ order_of_pins porder Ze Match software bits
+ to print-head pins
+ orig_colors oc oc Set all color pairs
+ to the original ones
+ orig_pair op op Set default pair to
+ its original value
+ pad_char pad pc padding char
+ (instead of null)
+ parm_dch dch DC delete #1 characters
+ (P*)
+ parm_delete_line dl DL delete #1 lines (P*)
+ parm_down_cursor cud DO down #1 lines (P*)
+ parm_down_micro mcud Zf Like parm_down_cur-
+ sor in micro mode
+ parm_ich ich IC insert #1 characters
+ (P*)
+ parm_index indn SF scroll forward #1
+ lines (P)
+ parm_insert_line il AL insert #1 lines (P*)
+ parm_left_cursor cub LE move #1 characters
+ to the left (P)
+ parm_left_micro mcub Zg Like parm_left_cur-
+ sor in micro mode
+ parm_right_cursor cuf RI move #1 characters
+ to the right (P*)
+ parm_right_micro mcuf Zh Like parm_right_cur-
+ sor in micro mode
+ parm_rindex rin SR scroll back #1 lines
+ (P)
+ parm_up_cursor cuu UP up #1 lines (P*)
+ parm_up_micro mcuu Zi Like parm_up_cursor
+ in micro mode
+ pkey_key pfkey pk program function key
+ #1 to type string #2
+ pkey_local pfloc pl program function key
+ #1 to execute string
+ #2
+ pkey_xmit pfx px program function key
+ #1 to transmit
+ string #2
+ plab_norm pln pn program label #1 to
+ show string #2
+ print_screen mc0 ps print contents of
+ screen
+ prtr_non mc5p pO turn on printer for
+ #1 bytes
+ prtr_off mc4 pf turn off printer
+ prtr_on mc5 po turn on printer
+ pulse pulse PU select pulse dialing
+ quick_dial qdial QD dial number #1 with-
+ out checking
+ remove_clock rmclk RC remove clock
+ repeat_char rep rp repeat char #1 #2
+ times (P*)
+ req_for_input rfi RF send next input char
+ (for ptys)
+ reset_1string rs1 r1 reset string
+ reset_2string rs2 r2 reset string
+ reset_3string rs3 r3 reset string
+ reset_file rf rf name of reset file
+ restore_cursor rc rc restore cursor to
+ position of last
+ save_cursor
+ row_address vpa cv vertical position #1
+ absolute (P)
+ save_cursor sc sc save current cursor
+ position (P)
+ scroll_forward ind sf scroll text up (P)
+ scroll_reverse ri sr scroll text down (P)
+ select_char_set scs Zj Select character
+ set, #1
+ set_attributes sgr sa define video
+ attributes #1-#9
+ (PG9)
+ set_background setb Sb Set background color
+ #1
+ set_bottom_margin smgb Zk Set bottom margin at
+ current line
+ set_bottom_margin_parm smgbp Zl Set bottom margin at
+ line #1 or (if smgtp
+ is not given) #2
+ lines from bottom
+ set_clock sclk SC set clock, #1 hrs #2
+ mins #3 secs
+ set_color_pair scp sp Set current color
+ pair to #1
+ set_foreground setf Sf Set foreground color
+ #1
+ set_left_margin smgl ML set left soft margin
+ at current column.
+ See smgl. (ML is not
+ in BSD termcap).
+ set_left_margin_parm smglp Zm Set left (right)
+ margin at column #1
+ set_right_margin smgr MR set right soft mar-
+ gin at current col-
+ umn
+ set_right_margin_parm smgrp Zn Set right margin at
+ column #1
+ set_tab hts st set a tab in every
+ row, current columns
+ set_top_margin smgt Zo Set top margin at
+ current line
+ set_top_margin_parm smgtp Zp Set top (bottom)
+ margin at row #1
+ set_window wind wi current window is
+ lines #1-#2 cols
+ #3-#4
+ start_bit_image sbim Zq Start printing bit
+ image graphics
+ start_char_set_def scsd Zr Start character set
+ definition #1, with
+ #2 characters in the
+ set
+ stop_bit_image rbim Zs Stop printing bit
+ image graphics
+ stop_char_set_def rcsd Zt End definition of
+ character set #1
+ subscript_characters subcs Zu List of subscript-
+ able characters
+ superscript_characters supcs Zv List of superscript-
+ able characters
+ tab ht ta tab to next 8-space
+ hardware tab stop
+ these_cause_cr docr Zw Printing any of
+ these characters
+ causes CR
+ to_status_line tsl ts move to status line,
+ column #1
+ tone tone TO select touch tone
+ dialing
+ underline_char uc uc underline char and
+ move past it
+ up_half_line hu hu half a line up
+ user0 u0 u0 User string #0
+ user1 u1 u1 User string #1
+ user2 u2 u2 User string #2
+ user3 u3 u3 User string #3
+ user4 u4 u4 User string #4
+ user5 u5 u5 User string #5
+ user6 u6 u6 User string #6
+ user7 u7 u7 User string #7
+ user8 u8 u8 User string #8
+ user9 u9 u9 User string #9
+ wait_tone wait WA wait for dial-tone
+ xoff_character xoffc XF XOFF character
+ xon_character xonc XN XON character
+ zero_motion zerom Zx No motion for subse-
+ quent character
+ The following string capabilities are present in the
+ SVr4.0 term structure, but were originally not documented
+ in the man page.
+ alt_scancode_esc scesa S8 Alternate escape
+ for scancode emu-
+ lation
+ bit_image_carriage_return bicr Yv Move to beginning
+ of same row
+ bit_image_newline binel Zz Move to next row
+ of the bit image
+ bit_image_repeat birep Xy Repeat bit image
+ cell #1 #2 times
+ char_set_names csnm Zy Produce #1'th item
+ from list of char-
+ acter set names
+ code_set_init csin ci Init sequence for
+ multiple codesets
+ color_names colornm Yw Give name for
+ color #1
+ define_bit_image_region defbi Yx Define rectan-
+ gualar bit image
+ region
+ device_type devt dv Indicate lan-
+ guage/codeset sup-
+ port
+ display_pc_char dispc S1 Display PC charac-
+ ter #1
+ end_bit_image_region endbi Yy End a bit-image
+ region
+ enter_pc_charset_mode smpch S2 Enter PC character
+ display mode
+ enter_scancode_mode smsc S4 Enter PC scancode
+ mode
+ exit_pc_charset_mode rmpch S3 Exit PC character
+ display mode
+ exit_scancode_mode rmsc S5 Exit PC scancode
+ mode
+ get_mouse getm Gm Curses should get
+ button events,
+ parameter #1 not
+ documented.
+ key_mouse kmous Km Mouse event has
+ occurred
+ mouse_info minfo Mi Mouse status
+ information
+ pc_term_options pctrm S6 PC terminal
+ options
+ pkey_plab pfxl xl Program function
+ key #1 to type
+ string #2 and show
+ string #3
+ req_mouse_pos reqmp RQ Request mouse
+ position
+ scancode_escape scesc S7 Escape for scan-
+ code emulation
+ set0_des_seq s0ds s0 Shift to codeset 0
+ (EUC set 0, ASCII)
+ set1_des_seq s1ds s1 Shift to codeset 1
+ set2_des_seq s2ds s2 Shift to codeset 2
+ set3_des_seq s3ds s3 Shift to codeset 3
+ set_a_background setab AB Set background
+ color to #1, using
+ ANSI escape
+ set_a_foreground setaf AF Set foreground
+ color to #1, using
+ ANSI escape
+ set_color_band setcolor Yz Change to ribbon
+ color #1
+ set_lr_margin smglr ML Set both left and
+ right margins to
+ #1, #2. (ML is
+ not in BSD term-
+ cap).
+ set_page_length slines YZ Set page length to
+ #1 lines
+ set_tb_margin smgtb MT Sets both top and
+ bottom margins to
+ #1, #2
+ The XSI Curses standard added these. They are some
+ post-4.1 versions of System V curses, e.g., Solaris 2.5
+ and IRIX 6.x. The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> termcap names for them are
+ invented; according to the XSI Curses standard, they have
+ no termcap names. If your compiled terminfo entries use
+ these, they may not be binary-compatible with System V
+ terminfo entries after SVr4.1; beware!
+ enter_horizontal_hl_mode ehhlm Xh Enter horizontal
+ highlight mode
+ enter_left_hl_mode elhlm Xl Enter left highlight
+ mode
+ enter_low_hl_mode elohlm Xo Enter low highlight
+ mode
+ enter_right_hl_mode erhlm Xr Enter right high-
+ light mode
+ enter_top_hl_mode ethlm Xt Enter top highlight
+ mode
+ enter_vertical_hl_mode evhlm Xv Enter vertical high-
+ light mode
+ set_a_attributes sgr1 sA Define second set of
+ video attributes
+ #1-#6
+ set_pglen_inch slengthsL YI Set page length
+ to #1 hundredth of
+ an inch
+ The following entry, describing an ANSI-standard terminal,
+ is representative of what a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> entry for a modern
+ terminal typically looks like.
+ ansi|ansi/pc-term compatible with color,
+ mc5i,
+ colors#8, ncv#3, pairs#64,
+ cub=\E[%p1%dD, cud=\E[%p1%dB, cuf=\E[%p1%dC,
+ cuu=\E[%p1%dA, dch=\E[%p1%dP, dl=\E[%p1%dM,
+ ech=\E[%p1%dX, el1=\E[1K, hpa=\E[%p1%dG, ht=\E[I,
+ ich=\E[%p1%d@, il=\E[%p1%dL, indn=\E[%p1%dS, .indn=\E[%p1%dT,
+ kbs=^H, kcbt=\E[Z, kcub1=\E[D, kcud1=\E[B,
+ kcuf1=\E[C, kcuu1=\E[A, kf1=\E[M, kf10=\E[V,
+ kf11=\E[W, kf12=\E[X, kf2=\E[N, kf3=\E[O, kf4=\E[P,
+ kf5=\E[Q, kf6=\E[R, kf7=\E[S, kf8=\E[T, kf9=\E[U,
+ kich1=\E[L, mc4=\E[4i, mc5=\E[5i, nel=\r\E[S,
+ op=\E[37;40m, rep=%p1%c\E[%p2%{1}%-%db,
+ rin=\E[%p1%dT, s0ds=\E(B, s1ds=\E)B, s2ds=\E*B,
+ s3ds=\E+B, setab=\E[4%p1%dm, setaf=\E[3%p1%dm,
+ setb=\E[4%?%p1%{1}%=%t4%e%p1%{3}%=%t6%e%p1%{4}%=%t1%e%p1%{6}%=%t3%e%p1%d%;m,
+ setf=\E[3%?%p1%{1}%=%t4%e%p1%{3}%=%t6%e%p1%{4}%=%t1%e%p1%{6}%=%t3%e%p1%d%;m,
+ sgr=\E[0;10%?%p1%t;7%;%?%p2%t;4%;%?%p3%t;7%;%?%p4%t;5%;%?%p6%t;1%;%?%p7%t;8%;%?%p8%t;11%;%?%p9%t;12%;m,
+ sgr0=\E[0;10m, tbc=\E[2g, u6=\E[%d;%dR, u7=\E[6n,
+ u8=\E[?%[;0123456789]c, u9=\E[c, vpa=\E[%p1%dd,
+ Entries may continue onto multiple lines by placing white
+ space at the beginning of each line except the first.
+ Comments may be included on lines beginning with ``#''.
+ Capabilities in <EM>terminfo</EM> are of three types: Boolean capa-
+ bilities which indicate that the terminal has some partic-
+ ular feature, numeric capabilities giving the size of the
+ terminal or the size of particular delays, and string
+ capabilities, which give a sequence which can be used to
+ perform particular terminal operations.
+ All capabilities have names. For instance, the fact that
+ ANSI-standard terminals have <EM>automatic</EM> <EM>margins</EM> (i.e., an
+ automatic return and line-feed when the end of a line is
+ reached) is indicated by the capability <STRONG>am</STRONG>. Hence the
+ description of ansi includes <STRONG>am</STRONG>. Numeric capabilities are
+ followed by the character `#' and then a positive value.
+ Thus <STRONG>cols</STRONG>, which indicates the number of columns the ter-
+ minal has, gives the value `80' for ansi. Values for
+ numeric capabilities may be specified in decimal, octal or
+ hexadecimal, using the C programming language conventions
+ (e.g., 255, 0377 and 0xff or 0xFF).
+ Finally, string valued capabilities, such as <STRONG>el</STRONG> (clear to
+ end of line sequence) are given by the two-character code,
+ an `=', and then a string ending at the next following
+ `,'.
+ A number of escape sequences are provided in the string
+ valued capabilities for easy encoding of characters there.
+ Both <STRONG>\E</STRONG> and <STRONG>\e</STRONG> map to an ESCAPE character, <STRONG>^x</STRONG> maps to a
+ control-x for any appropriate x, and the sequences <STRONG>\n</STRONG> <STRONG>\l</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>\r</STRONG> <STRONG>\t</STRONG> <STRONG>\b</STRONG> <STRONG>\f</STRONG> <STRONG>\s</STRONG> give a newline, line-feed, return, tab,
+ backspace, form-feed, and space. Other escapes include <STRONG>\^</STRONG>
+ for <STRONG>^</STRONG>, <STRONG>\\</STRONG> for <STRONG>\</STRONG>, <STRONG>\</STRONG>, for comma, <STRONG>\:</STRONG> for <STRONG>:</STRONG>, and <STRONG>\0</STRONG> for null.
+ (<STRONG>\0</STRONG> will produce \200, which does not terminate a string
+ but behaves as a null character on most terminals, provid-
+ ing CS7 is specified. See <STRONG><A HREF="stty.1.html">stty(1)</A></STRONG>.) Finally, characters
+ may be given as three octal digits after a <STRONG>\</STRONG>.
+ A delay in milliseconds may appear anywhere in a string
+ capability, enclosed in $&lt;..&gt; brackets, as in <STRONG>el</STRONG>=\EK$&lt;5&gt;,
+ and padding characters are supplied by <EM>tputs</EM> to provide
+ this delay. The delay must be a number with at most one
+ decimal place of precision; it may be followed by suffixes
+ `*' or '/' or both. A `*' indicates that the padding
+ required is proportional to the number of lines affected
+ by the operation, and the amount given is the per-
+ affected-unit padding required. (In the case of insert
+ character, the factor is still the number of <EM>lines</EM>
+ affected.) Normally, padding is advisory if the device
+ has the <STRONG>xon</STRONG> capability; it is used for cost computation
+ but does not trigger delays. A `/' suffix indicates that
+ the padding is mandatory and forces a delay of the given
+ number of milliseconds even on devices for which <STRONG>xon</STRONG> is
+ present to indicate flow control.
+ Sometimes individual capabilities must be commented out.
+ To do this, put a period before the capability name. For
+ example, see the second <STRONG>ind</STRONG> in the example above.
+ <STRONG>Fetching</STRONG> <STRONG>Compiled</STRONG> <STRONG>Descriptions</STRONG>
+ If the environment variable TERMINFO is set, it is inter-
+ preted as the pathname of a directory containing the com-
+ piled description you are working on. Only that directory
+ is searched.
+ If TERMINFO is not set, the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> version of the ter-
+ minfo reader code will instead look in the directory
+ <STRONG>$HOME/.terminfo</STRONG> for a compiled description. If it fails
+ to find one there, and the environment variable TER-
+ MINFO_DIRS is set, it will interpret the contents of that
+ variable as a list of colon- separated directories to be
+ searched (an empty entry is interpreted as a command to
+ search <EM>/usr/share/terminfo</EM>). If no description is found
+ in any of the TERMINFO_DIRS directories, the fetch fails.
+ If neither TERMINFO nor TERMINFO_DIRS is set, the last
+ place tried will be the system terminfo directory,
+ <EM>/usr/share/terminfo</EM>.
+ (Neither the <STRONG>$HOME/.terminfo</STRONG> lookups nor TERMINFO_DIRS
+ extensions are supported under stock System V ter-
+ minfo/curses.)
+ <STRONG>Preparing</STRONG> <STRONG>Descriptions</STRONG>
+ We now outline how to prepare descriptions of terminals.
+ The most effective way to prepare a terminal description
+ is by imitating the description of a similar terminal in
+ <EM>terminfo</EM> and to build up a description gradually, using
+ partial descriptions with <EM>vi</EM> or some other screen-oriented
+ program to check that they are correct. Be aware that a
+ very unusual terminal may expose deficiencies in the abil-
+ ity of the <EM>terminfo</EM> file to describe it or bugs in the
+ screen-handling code of the test program.
+ To get the padding for insert line right (if the terminal
+ manufacturer did not document it) a severe test is to edit
+ a large file at 9600 baud, delete 16 or so lines from the
+ middle of the screen, then hit the `u' key several times
+ quickly. If the terminal messes up, more padding is usu-
+ ally needed. A similar test can be used for insert char-
+ acter.
+ <STRONG>Basic</STRONG> <STRONG>Capabilities</STRONG>
+ The number of columns on each line for the terminal is
+ given by the <STRONG>cols</STRONG> numeric capability. If the terminal is
+ a CRT, then the number of lines on the screen is given by
+ the <STRONG>lines</STRONG> capability. If the terminal wraps around to the
+ beginning of the next line when it reaches the right mar-
+ gin, then it should have the <STRONG>am</STRONG> capability. If the termi-
+ nal can clear its screen, leaving the cursor in the home
+ position, then this is given by the <STRONG>clear</STRONG> string capabil-
+ ity. If the terminal overstrikes (rather than clearing a
+ position when a character is struck over) then it should
+ have the <STRONG>os</STRONG> capability. If the terminal is a printing
+ terminal, with no soft copy unit, give it both <STRONG>hc</STRONG> and <STRONG>os</STRONG>.
+ (<STRONG>os</STRONG> applies to storage scope terminals, such as TEKTRONIX
+ 4010 series, as well as hard copy and APL terminals.) If
+ there is a code to move the cursor to the left edge of the
+ current row, give this as <STRONG>cr</STRONG>. (Normally this will be car-
+ riage return, control M.) If there is a code to produce
+ an audible signal (bell, beep, etc) give this as <STRONG>bel</STRONG>.
+ If there is a code to move the cursor one position to the
+ left (such as backspace) that capability should be given
+ as <STRONG>cub1</STRONG>. Similarly, codes to move to the right, up, and
+ down should be given as <STRONG>cuf1</STRONG>, <STRONG>cuu1</STRONG>, and <STRONG>cud1</STRONG>. These local
+ cursor motions should not alter the text they pass over,
+ for example, you would not normally use `<STRONG>cuf1</STRONG>= ' because
+ the space would erase the character moved over.
+ A very important point here is that the local cursor
+ motions encoded in <EM>terminfo</EM> are undefined at the left and
+ top edges of a CRT terminal. Programs should never
+ attempt to backspace around the left edge, unless <STRONG>bw</STRONG> is
+ given, and never attempt to go up locally off the top. In
+ order to scroll text up, a program will go to the bottom
+ left corner of the screen and send the <STRONG>ind</STRONG> (index) string.
+ To scroll text down, a program goes to the top left corner
+ of the screen and sends the <STRONG>ri</STRONG> (reverse index) string.
+ The strings <STRONG>ind</STRONG> and <STRONG>ri</STRONG> are undefined when not on their
+ respective corners of the screen.
+ Parameterized versions of the scrolling sequences are <STRONG>indn</STRONG>
+ and <STRONG>rin</STRONG> which have the same semantics as <STRONG>ind</STRONG> and <STRONG>ri</STRONG> except
+ that they take one parameter, and scroll that many lines.
+ They are also undefined except at the appropriate edge of
+ the screen.
+ The <STRONG>am</STRONG> capability tells whether the cursor sticks at the
+ right edge of the screen when text is output, but this
+ does not necessarily apply to a <STRONG>cuf1</STRONG> from the last column.
+ The only local motion which is defined from the left edge
+ is if <STRONG>bw</STRONG> is given, then a <STRONG>cub1</STRONG> from the left edge will
+ move to the right edge of the previous row. If <STRONG>bw</STRONG> is not
+ given, the effect is undefined. This is useful for draw-
+ ing a box around the edge of the screen, for example. If
+ the terminal has switch selectable automatic margins, the
+ <EM>terminfo</EM> file usually assumes that this is on; i.e., <STRONG>am</STRONG>.
+ If the terminal has a command which moves to the first
+ column of the next line, that command can be given as <STRONG>nel</STRONG>
+ (newline). It does not matter if the command clears the
+ remainder of the current line, so if the terminal has no
+ <STRONG>cr</STRONG> and <STRONG>lf</STRONG> it may still be possible to craft a working <STRONG>nel</STRONG>
+ out of one or both of them.
+ These capabilities suffice to describe hard-copy and
+ "glass-tty" terminals. Thus the model 33 teletype is
+ described as
+ 33|tty33|tty|model 33 teletype,
+ bel=^G, cols#72, cr=^M, cud1=^J, hc, ind=^J, os,
+ while the Lear Siegler ADM-3 is described as
+ adm3|3|lsi adm3,
+ am, bel=^G, clear=^Z, cols#80, cr=^M, cub1=^H, cud1=^J,
+ ind=^J, lines#24,
+ <STRONG>Parameterized</STRONG> <STRONG>Strings</STRONG>
+ Cursor addressing and other strings requiring parameters
+ in the terminal are described by a parameterized string
+ capability, with <STRONG><A HREF="printf.3.html">printf(3)</A></STRONG> like escapes <STRONG>%x</STRONG> in it. For
+ example, to address the cursor, the <STRONG>cup</STRONG> capability is
+ given, using two parameters: the row and column to address
+ to. (Rows and columns are numbered from zero and refer to
+ the physical screen visible to the user, not to any unseen
+ memory.) If the terminal has memory relative cursor
+ addressing, that can be indicated by <STRONG>mrcup</STRONG>.
+ The parameter mechanism uses a stack and special <STRONG>%</STRONG> codes
+ to manipulate it. Typically a sequence will push one of
+ the parameters onto the stack and then print it in some
+ format. Print (e.g., "%d") is a special case. Other
+ operations, including "%t" pop their operand from the
+ stack. It is noted that more complex operations are often
+ necessary, e.g., in the <STRONG>sgr</STRONG> string.
+ The <STRONG>%</STRONG> encodings have the following meanings:
+ %% outputs `%'
+ %<EM>[[</EM>:<EM>]flags][width[.precision]][</EM>doxXs<EM>]</EM>
+ as in <STRONG>printf</STRONG>, flags are [-+#] and space. Use a `:'
+ to allow the next character to be a `-' flag, avoid-
+ ing interpreting "%-" as an operator.
+ %c print pop() like %c in <STRONG>printf</STRONG>
+ %s print pop() like %s in <STRONG>printf</STRONG>
+ %p[1-9]
+ push <EM>i</EM>'th parameter
+ %P[a-z]
+ set dynamic variable [a-z] to pop()
+ %g[a-z]
+ get dynamic variable [a-z] and push it
+ %P[A-Z]
+ set static variable [a-z] to pop()
+ %g[A-Z]
+ get static variable [a-z] and push it
+ The terms "static" and "dynamic" are misleading.
+ Historically, these are simply two different sets of
+ variables, whose values are not reset between calls
+ to <STRONG>tparm</STRONG>. However, that fact is not documented in
+ other implementations. Relying on it will adversely
+ impact portability to other implementations.
+ %'<EM>c</EM>' char constant <EM>c</EM>
+ %{<EM>nn</EM>}
+ integer constant <EM>nn</EM>
+ %l push strlen(pop)
+ %+ %- %* %/ %m
+ arithmetic (%m is mod): push(pop() op pop())
+ %&amp; %| %^
+ bit operations (AND, OR and exclusive-OR): push(pop()
+ op pop())
+ %= %&gt; %&lt;
+ logical operations: push(pop() op pop())
+ %A, %O
+ logical AND and OR operations (for conditionals)
+ %! %~
+ unary operations (logical and bit complement):
+ push(op pop())
+ %i add 1 to first two parameters (for ANSI terminals)
+ %? <EM>expr</EM> %t <EM>thenpart</EM> %e <EM>elsepart</EM> %;
+ This forms an if-then-else. The %e <EM>elsepart</EM> is
+ optional. Usually the %? <EM>expr</EM> part pushes a value
+ onto the stack, and %t pops it from the stack, test-
+ ing if it is nonzero (true). If it is zero (false),
+ control passes to the %e (else) part.
+ It is possible to form else-if's a la Algol 68:
+ %? c1 %t b1 %e c2 %t b2 %e c3 %t b3 %e c4 %t b4 %e %;
+ where ci are conditions, bi are bodies.
+ Use the <STRONG>-f</STRONG> option of <STRONG>tic</STRONG> or <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to see the struc-
+ ture of if-then-else's. Some strings, e.g., <STRONG>sgr</STRONG> can
+ be very complicated when written on one line. The <STRONG>-f</STRONG>
+ option splits the string into lines with the parts
+ indented.
+ Binary operations are in postfix form with the operands in
+ the usual order. That is, to get x-5 one would use
+ "%gx%{5}%-". %P and %g variables are persistent across
+ escape-string evaluations.
+ Consider the HP2645, which, to get to row 3 and column 12,
+ needs to be sent \E&amp;a12c03Y padded for 6 milliseconds.
+ Note that the order of the rows and columns is inverted
+ here, and that the row and column are printed as two dig-
+ its. Thus its <STRONG>cup</STRONG> capability is "cup=6\E&amp;%p2%2dc%p1%2dY".
+ The Microterm ACT-IV needs the current row and column sent
+ preceded by a <STRONG>^T</STRONG>, with the row and column simply encoded
+ in binary, "cup=^T%p1%c%p2%c". Terminals which use "%c"
+ need to be able to backspace the cursor (<STRONG>cub1</STRONG>), and to
+ move the cursor up one line on the screen (<STRONG>cuu1</STRONG>). This is
+ necessary because it is not always safe to transmit <STRONG>\n</STRONG> <STRONG>^D</STRONG>
+ and <STRONG>\r</STRONG>, as the system may change or discard them. (The
+ library routines dealing with terminfo set tty modes so
+ that tabs are never expanded, so \t is safe to send. This
+ turns out to be essential for the Ann Arbor 4080.)
+ A final example is the LSI ADM-3a, which uses row and col-
+ umn offset by a blank character, thus "cup=\E=%p1%'
+ '%+%c%p2%' '%+%c". After sending `\E=', this pushes the
+ first parameter, pushes the ASCII value for a space (32),
+ adds them (pushing the sum on the stack in place of the
+ two previous values) and outputs that value as a charac-
+ ter. Then the same is done for the second parameter.
+ More complex arithmetic is possible using the stack.
+ If the terminal has a fast way to home the cursor (to very
+ upper left corner of screen) then this can be given as
+ <STRONG>home</STRONG>; similarly a fast way of getting to the lower left-
+ hand corner can be given as <STRONG>ll</STRONG>; this may involve going up
+ with <STRONG>cuu1</STRONG> from the home position, but a program should
+ never do this itself (unless <STRONG>ll</STRONG> does) because it can make
+ no assumption about the effect of moving up from the home
+ position. Note that the home position is the same as
+ addressing to (0,0): to the top left corner of the screen,
+ not of memory. (Thus, the \EH sequence on HP terminals
+ cannot be used for <STRONG>home</STRONG>.)
+ If the terminal has row or column absolute cursor address-
+ ing, these can be given as single parameter capabilities
+ <STRONG>hpa</STRONG> (horizontal position absolute) and <STRONG>vpa</STRONG> (vertical posi-
+ tion absolute). Sometimes these are shorter than the more
+ general two parameter sequence (as with the hp2645) and
+ can be used in preference to <STRONG>cup</STRONG>. If there are
+ parameterized local motions (e.g., move <EM>n</EM> spaces to the
+ right) these can be given as <STRONG>cud</STRONG>, <STRONG>cub</STRONG>, <STRONG>cuf</STRONG>, and <STRONG>cuu</STRONG> with a
+ single parameter indicating how many spaces to move.
+ These are primarily useful if the terminal does not have
+ <STRONG>cup</STRONG>, such as the TEKTRONIX 4025.
+ If the terminal needs to be in a special mode when running
+ a program that uses these capabilities, the codes to enter
+ and exit this mode can be given as <STRONG>smcup</STRONG> and <STRONG>rmcup</STRONG>. This
+ arises, for example, from terminals like the Concept with
+ more than one page of memory. If the terminal has only
+ memory relative cursor addressing and not screen relative
+ cursor addressing, a one screen-sized window must be fixed
+ into the terminal for cursor addressing to work properly.
+ This is also used for the TEKTRONIX 4025, where <STRONG>smcup</STRONG> sets
+ the command character to be the one used by terminfo. If
+ the <STRONG>smcup</STRONG> sequence will not restore the screen after an
+ <STRONG>rmcup</STRONG> sequence is output (to the state prior to outputting
+ <STRONG>rmcup</STRONG>), specify <STRONG>nrrmc</STRONG>.
+ If the terminal can clear from the current position to the
+ end of the line, leaving the cursor where it is, this
+ should be given as <STRONG>el</STRONG>. If the terminal can clear from the
+ beginning of the line to the current position inclusive,
+ leaving the cursor where it is, this should be given as
+ <STRONG>el1</STRONG>. If the terminal can clear from the current position
+ to the end of the display, then this should be given as
+ <STRONG>ed</STRONG>. <STRONG>Ed</STRONG> is only defined from the first column of a line.
+ (Thus, it can be simulated by a request to delete a large
+ number of lines, if a true <STRONG>ed</STRONG> is not available.)
+ <STRONG>Insert/delete</STRONG> <STRONG>line</STRONG> <STRONG>and</STRONG> <STRONG>vertical</STRONG> <STRONG>motions</STRONG>
+ If the terminal can open a new blank line before the line
+ where the cursor is, this should be given as <STRONG>il1</STRONG>; this is
+ done only from the first position of a line. The cursor
+ must then appear on the newly blank line. If the terminal
+ can delete the line which the cursor is on, then this
+ should be given as <STRONG>dl1</STRONG>; this is done only from the first
+ position on the line to be deleted. Versions of <STRONG>il1</STRONG> and
+ <STRONG>dl1</STRONG> which take a single parameter and insert or delete
+ that many lines can be given as <STRONG>il</STRONG> and <STRONG>dl</STRONG>.
+ If the terminal has a settable scrolling region (like the
+ vt100) the command to set this can be described with the
+ <STRONG>csr</STRONG> capability, which takes two parameters: the top and
+ bottom lines of the scrolling region. The cursor position
+ is, alas, undefined after using this command.
+ It is possible to get the effect of insert or delete line
+ using <STRONG>csr</STRONG> on a properly chosen region; the <STRONG>sc</STRONG> and <STRONG>rc</STRONG> (save
+ and restore cursor) commands may be useful for ensuring
+ that your synthesized insert/delete string does not move
+ the cursor. (Note that the <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG> library does this
+ synthesis automatically, so you need not compose
+ insert/delete strings for an entry with <STRONG>csr</STRONG>).
+ Yet another way to construct insert and delete might be to
+ use a combination of index with the memory-lock feature
+ found on some terminals (like the HP-700/90 series, which
+ however also has insert/delete).
+ Inserting lines at the top or bottom of the screen can
+ also be done using <STRONG>ri</STRONG> or <STRONG>ind</STRONG> on many terminals without a
+ true insert/delete line, and is often faster even on ter-
+ minals with those features.
+ The boolean <STRONG>non_dest_scroll_region</STRONG> should be set if each
+ scrolling window is effectively a view port on a screen-
+ sized canvas. To test for this capability, create a
+ scrolling region in the middle of the screen, write some-
+ thing to the bottom line, move the cursor to the top of
+ the region, and do <STRONG>ri</STRONG> followed by <STRONG>dl1</STRONG> or <STRONG>ind</STRONG>. If the data
+ scrolled off the bottom of the region by the <STRONG>ri</STRONG> re-
+ appears, then scrolling is non-destructive. System V and
+ XSI Curses expect that <STRONG>ind</STRONG>, <STRONG>ri</STRONG>, <STRONG>indn</STRONG>, and <STRONG>rin</STRONG> will simu-
+ late destructive scrolling; their documentation cautions
+ you not to define <STRONG>csr</STRONG> unless this is true. This <STRONG>curses</STRONG>
+ implementation is more liberal and will do explicit erases
+ after scrolling if <STRONG>ndstr</STRONG> is defined.
+ If the terminal has the ability to define a window as part
+ of memory, which all commands affect, it should be given
+ as the parameterized string <STRONG>wind</STRONG>. The four parameters are
+ the starting and ending lines in memory and the starting
+ and ending columns in memory, in that order.
+ If the terminal can retain display memory above, then the
+ <STRONG>da</STRONG> capability should be given; if display memory can be
+ retained below, then <STRONG>db</STRONG> should be given. These indicate
+ that deleting a line or scrolling may bring non-blank
+ lines up from below or that scrolling back with <STRONG>ri</STRONG> may
+ bring down non-blank lines.
+ <STRONG>Insert/Delete</STRONG> <STRONG>Character</STRONG>
+ There are two basic kinds of intelligent terminals with
+ respect to insert/delete character which can be described
+ using <EM>terminfo.</EM> The most common insert/delete character
+ operations affect only the characters on the current line
+ and shift characters off the end of the line rigidly.
+ Other terminals, such as the Concept 100 and the Perkin
+ Elmer Owl, make a distinction between typed and untyped
+ blanks on the screen, shifting upon an insert or delete
+ only to an untyped blank on the screen which is either
+ eliminated, or expanded to two untyped blanks. You can
+ determine the kind of terminal you have by clearing the
+ screen and then typing text separated by cursor motions.
+ Type "abc def" using local cursor motions (not spaces)
+ between the "abc" and the "def". Then position the cursor
+ before the "abc" and put the terminal in insert mode. If
+ typing characters causes the rest of the line to shift
+ rigidly and characters to fall off the end, then your ter-
+ minal does not distinguish between blanks and untyped
+ positions. If the "abc" shifts over to the "def" which
+ then move together around the end of the current line and
+ onto the next as you insert, you have the second type of
+ terminal, and should give the capability <STRONG>in</STRONG>, which stands
+ for "insert null". While these are two logically separate
+ attributes (one line versus multi-line insert mode, and
+ special treatment of untyped spaces) we have seen no ter-
+ minals whose insert mode cannot be described with the sin-
+ gle attribute.
+ Terminfo can describe both terminals which have an insert
+ mode, and terminals which send a simple sequence to open a
+ blank position on the current line. Give as <STRONG>smir</STRONG> the
+ sequence to get into insert mode. Give as <STRONG>rmir</STRONG> the
+ sequence to leave insert mode. Now give as <STRONG>ich1</STRONG> any
+ sequence needed to be sent just before sending the
+ character to be inserted. Most terminals with a true
+ insert mode will not give <STRONG>ich1</STRONG>; terminals which send a
+ sequence to open a screen position should give it here.
+ If your terminal has both, insert mode is usually prefer-
+ able to <STRONG>ich1</STRONG>. Technically, you should not give both
+ unless the terminal actually requires both to be used in
+ combination. Accordingly, some non-curses applications
+ get confused if both are present; the symptom is doubled
+ characters in an update using insert. This requirement is
+ now rare; most <STRONG>ich</STRONG> sequences do not require previous smir,
+ and most smir insert modes do not require <STRONG>ich1</STRONG> before each
+ character. Therefore, the new <STRONG>curses</STRONG> actually assumes
+ this is the case and uses either <STRONG>rmir</STRONG>/<STRONG>smir</STRONG> or <STRONG>ich</STRONG>/<STRONG>ich1</STRONG> as
+ appropriate (but not both). If you have to write an entry
+ to be used under new curses for a terminal old enough to
+ need both, include the <STRONG>rmir</STRONG>/<STRONG>smir</STRONG> sequences in <STRONG>ich1</STRONG>.
+ If post insert padding is needed, give this as a number of
+ milliseconds in <STRONG>ip</STRONG> (a string option). Any other sequence
+ which may need to be sent after an insert of a single
+ character may also be given in <STRONG>ip</STRONG>. If your terminal needs
+ both to be placed into an `insert mode' and a special code
+ to precede each inserted character, then both <STRONG>smir</STRONG>/<STRONG>rmir</STRONG>
+ and <STRONG>ich1</STRONG> can be given, and both will be used. The <STRONG>ich</STRONG>
+ capability, with one parameter, <EM>n</EM>, will repeat the effects
+ of <STRONG>ich1</STRONG> <EM>n</EM> times.
+ If padding is necessary between characters typed while not
+ in insert mode, give this as a number of milliseconds
+ padding in <STRONG>rmp</STRONG>.
+ It is occasionally necessary to move around while in
+ insert mode to delete characters on the same line (e.g.,
+ if there is a tab after the insertion position). If your
+ terminal allows motion while in insert mode you can give
+ the capability <STRONG>mir</STRONG> to speed up inserting in this case.
+ Omitting <STRONG>mir</STRONG> will affect only speed. Some terminals
+ (notably Datamedia's) must not have <STRONG>mir</STRONG> because of the way
+ their insert mode works.
+ Finally, you can specify <STRONG>dch1</STRONG> to delete a single charac-
+ ter, <STRONG>dch</STRONG> with one parameter, <EM>n</EM>, to delete <EM>n</EM> <EM>characters,</EM>
+ and delete mode by giving <STRONG>smdc</STRONG> and <STRONG>rmdc</STRONG> to enter and exit
+ delete mode (any mode the terminal needs to be placed in
+ for <STRONG>dch1</STRONG> to work).
+ A command to erase <EM>n</EM> characters (equivalent to outputting
+ <EM>n</EM> blanks without moving the cursor) can be given as <STRONG>ech</STRONG>
+ with one parameter.
+ <STRONG>Highlighting,</STRONG> <STRONG>Underlining,</STRONG> <STRONG>and</STRONG> <STRONG>Visible</STRONG> <STRONG>Bells</STRONG>
+ If your terminal has one or more kinds of display
+ attributes, these can be represented in a number of dif-
+ ferent ways. You should choose one display form as <EM>stand-</EM>
+ <EM>out</EM> <EM>mode</EM>, representing a good, high contrast, easy-on-the-
+ eyes, format for highlighting error messages and other
+ attention getters. (If you have a choice, reverse video
+ plus half-bright is good, or reverse video alone.) The
+ sequences to enter and exit standout mode are given as
+ <STRONG>smso</STRONG> and <STRONG>rmso</STRONG>, respectively. If the code to change into
+ or out of standout mode leaves one or even two blank
+ spaces on the screen, as the TVI 912 and Teleray 1061 do,
+ then <STRONG>xmc</STRONG> should be given to tell how many spaces are left.
+ Codes to begin underlining and end underlining can be
+ given as <STRONG>smul</STRONG> and <STRONG>rmul</STRONG> respectively. If the terminal has
+ a code to underline the current character and move the
+ cursor one space to the right, such as the Microterm Mime,
+ this can be given as <STRONG>uc</STRONG>.
+ Other capabilities to enter various highlighting modes
+ include <STRONG>blink</STRONG> (blinking) <STRONG>bold</STRONG> (bold or extra bright) <STRONG>dim</STRONG>
+ (dim or half-bright) <STRONG>invis</STRONG> (blanking or invisible text)
+ <STRONG>prot</STRONG> (protected) <STRONG>rev</STRONG> (reverse video) <STRONG>sgr0</STRONG> (turn off <EM>all</EM>
+ attribute modes) <STRONG>smacs</STRONG> (enter alternate character set
+ mode) and <STRONG>rmacs</STRONG> (exit alternate character set mode).
+ Turning on any of these modes singly may or may not turn
+ off other modes.
+ If there is a sequence to set arbitrary combinations of
+ modes, this should be given as <STRONG>sgr</STRONG> (set attributes), tak-
+ ing 9 parameters. Each parameter is either 0 or nonzero,
+ as the corresponding attribute is on or off. The 9 param-
+ eters are, in order: standout, underline, reverse, blink,
+ dim, bold, blank, protect, alternate character set. Not
+ all modes need be supported by <STRONG>sgr</STRONG>, only those for which
+ corresponding separate attribute commands exist.
+ For example, the DEC vt220 supports most of the modes:
+ <STRONG>tparm</STRONG> <STRONG>parameter</STRONG> <STRONG>attribute</STRONG> <STRONG>escape</STRONG> <STRONG>sequence</STRONG>
+ none none \E[0m
+ p1 standout \E[0;1;7m
+ p2 underline \E[0;4m
+ p3 reverse \E[0;7m
+ p4 blink \E[0;5m
+ p5 dim not available
+ p6 bold \E[0;1m
+ p7 invis \E[0;8m
+ p8 protect not used
+ p9 altcharset ^O (off) ^N (on)
+ We begin each escape sequence by turning off any existing
+ modes, since there is no quick way to determine whether
+ they are active. Standout is set up to be the combination
+ of reverse and bold. The vt220 terminal has a protect
+ mode, though it is not commonly used in sgr because it
+ protects characters on the screen from the host's era-
+ sures. The altcharset mode also is different in that it
+ is either ^O or ^N, depending on whether it is off or on.
+ If all modes are turned on, the resulting sequence is
+ \E[0;1;4;5;7;8m^N.
+ Some sequences are common to different modes. For exam-
+ ple, ;7 is output when either p1 or p3 is true, that is,
+ if either standout or reverse modes are turned on.
+ Writing out the above sequences, along with their depen-
+ dencies yields
+ <STRONG>sequence</STRONG> <STRONG>when</STRONG> <STRONG>to</STRONG> <STRONG>output</STRONG> <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> <STRONG>translation</STRONG>
+ \E[0 always \E[0
+ ;1 if p1 or p6 %?%p1%p6%|%t;1%;
+ ;4 if p2 %?%p2%|%t;4%;
+ ;5 if p4 %?%p4%|%t;5%;
+ ;7 if p1 or p3 %?%p1%p3%|%t;7%;
+ ;8 if p7 %?%p7%|%t;8%;
+ m always m
+ ^N or ^O if p9 ^N, else ^O %?%p9%t^N%e^O%;
+ Putting this all together into the sgr sequence gives:
+ sgr=\E[0%?%p1%p6%|%t;1%;%?%p2%t;4%;%?%p1%p3%|%t;7%;
+ %?%p4%t;5%;%?%p7%t;8%;m%?%p9%t\016%e\017%;,
+ Remember that if you specify sgr, you must also specify
+ sgr0. Also, some implementations rely on sgr being given
+ if sgr0 is, Not all terminfo entries necessarily have an
+ sgr string, however. Many terminfo entries are derived
+ from termcap entries which have no sgr string. The only
+ drawback to adding an sgr string is that termcap also
+ assumes that sgr0 does not exit alternate character set
+ mode.
+ Terminals with the ``magic cookie'' glitch (<STRONG>xmc</STRONG>) deposit
+ special ``cookies'' when they receive mode-setting
+ sequences, which affect the display algorithm rather than
+ having extra bits for each character. Some terminals,
+ such as the HP 2621, automatically leave standout mode
+ when they move to a new line or the cursor is addressed.
+ Programs using standout mode should exit standout mode
+ before moving the cursor or sending a newline, unless the
+ <STRONG>msgr</STRONG> capability, asserting that it is safe to move in
+ standout mode, is present.
+ If the terminal has a way of flashing the screen to indi-
+ cate an error quietly (a bell replacement) then this can
+ be given as <STRONG>flash</STRONG>; it must not move the cursor.
+ If the cursor needs to be made more visible than normal
+ when it is not on the bottom line (to make, for example, a
+ non-blinking underline into an easier to find block or
+ blinking underline) give this sequence as <STRONG>cvvis</STRONG>. If there
+ is a way to make the cursor completely invisible, give
+ that as <STRONG>civis</STRONG>. The capability <STRONG>cnorm</STRONG> should be given which
+ undoes the effects of both of these modes.
+ If your terminal correctly generates underlined characters
+ (with no special codes needed) even though it does not
+ overstrike, then you should give the capability <STRONG>ul</STRONG>. If a
+ character overstriking another leaves both characters on
+ the screen, specify the capability <STRONG>os</STRONG>. If overstrikes are
+ erasable with a blank, then this should be indicated by
+ giving <STRONG>eo</STRONG>.
+ If the terminal has a keypad that transmits codes when the
+ keys are pressed, this information can be given. Note
+ that it is not possible to handle terminals where the key-
+ pad only works in local (this applies, for example, to the
+ unshifted HP 2621 keys). If the keypad can be set to
+ transmit or not transmit, give these codes as <STRONG>smkx</STRONG> and
+ <STRONG>rmkx</STRONG>. Otherwise the keypad is assumed to always transmit.
+ The codes sent by the left arrow, right arrow, up arrow,
+ down arrow, and home keys can be given as <STRONG>kcub1,</STRONG> <STRONG>kcuf1,</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>kcuu1,</STRONG> <STRONG>kcud1,</STRONG> and <STRONG>khome</STRONG> respectively. If there are func-
+ tion keys such as f0, f1, ..., f10, the codes they send
+ can be given as <STRONG>kf0,</STRONG> <STRONG>kf1,</STRONG> <STRONG>...,</STRONG> <STRONG>kf10</STRONG>. If these keys have
+ labels other than the default f0 through f10, the labels
+ can be given as <STRONG>lf0,</STRONG> <STRONG>lf1,</STRONG> <STRONG>...,</STRONG> <STRONG>lf10</STRONG>. The codes
+ transmitted by certain other special keys can be given:
+ <STRONG>kll</STRONG> (home down), <STRONG>kbs</STRONG> (backspace), <STRONG>ktbc</STRONG> (clear all tabs),
+ <STRONG>kctab</STRONG> (clear the tab stop in this column), <STRONG>kclr</STRONG> (clear
+ screen or erase key), <STRONG>kdch1</STRONG> (delete character), <STRONG>kdl1</STRONG>
+ (delete line), <STRONG>krmir</STRONG> (exit insert mode), <STRONG>kel</STRONG> (clear to end
+ of line), <STRONG>ked</STRONG> (clear to end of screen), <STRONG>kich1</STRONG> (insert
+ character or enter insert mode), <STRONG>kil1</STRONG> (insert line), <STRONG>knp</STRONG>
+ (next page), <STRONG>kpp</STRONG> (previous page), <STRONG>kind</STRONG> (scroll for-
+ ward/down), <STRONG>kri</STRONG> (scroll backward/up), <STRONG>khts</STRONG> (set a tab stop
+ in this column). In addition, if the keypad has a 3 by 3
+ array of keys including the four arrow keys, the other
+ five keys can be given as <STRONG>ka1</STRONG>, <STRONG>ka3</STRONG>, <STRONG>kb2</STRONG>, <STRONG>kc1</STRONG>, and <STRONG>kc3</STRONG>.
+ These keys are useful when the effects of a 3 by 3 direc-
+ tional pad are needed.
+ Strings to program function keys can be given as <STRONG>pfkey</STRONG>,
+ <STRONG>pfloc</STRONG>, and <STRONG>pfx</STRONG>. A string to program screen labels should
+ be specified as <STRONG>pln</STRONG>. Each of these strings takes two
+ parameters: the function key number to program (from 0 to
+ 10) and the string to program it with. Function key num-
+ bers out of this range may program undefined keys in a
+ terminal dependent manner. The difference between the
+ capabilities is that <STRONG>pfkey</STRONG> causes pressing the given key
+ to be the same as the user typing the given string; <STRONG>pfloc</STRONG>
+ causes the string to be executed by the terminal in local;
+ and <STRONG>pfx</STRONG> causes the string to be transmitted to the com-
+ puter.
+ The capabilities <STRONG>nlab</STRONG>, <STRONG>lw</STRONG> and <STRONG>lh</STRONG> define the number of pro-
+ grammable screen labels and their width and height. If
+ there are commands to turn the labels on and off, give
+ them in <STRONG>smln</STRONG> and <STRONG>rmln</STRONG>. <STRONG>smln</STRONG> is normally output after one
+ or more pln sequences to make sure that the change becomes
+ visible.
+ <STRONG>Tabs</STRONG> <STRONG>and</STRONG> <STRONG>Initialization</STRONG>
+ If the terminal has hardware tabs, the command to advance
+ to the next tab stop can be given as <STRONG>ht</STRONG> (usually control
+ I). A ``back-tab'' command which moves leftward to the
+ preceding tab stop can be given as <STRONG>cbt</STRONG>. By convention, if
+ the teletype modes indicate that tabs are being expanded
+ by the computer rather than being sent to the terminal,
+ programs should not use <STRONG>ht</STRONG> or <STRONG>cbt</STRONG> even if they are
+ present, since the user may not have the tab stops prop-
+ erly set. If the terminal has hardware tabs which are
+ initially set every <EM>n</EM> spaces when the terminal is powered
+ up, the numeric parameter <STRONG>it</STRONG> is given, showing the number
+ of spaces the tabs are set to. This is normally used by
+ the <EM>tset</EM> command to determine whether to set the mode for
+ hardware tab expansion, and whether to set the tab stops.
+ If the terminal has tab stops that can be saved in non-
+ volatile memory, the terminfo description can assume that
+ they are properly set.
+ Other capabilities include <STRONG>is1</STRONG>, <STRONG>is2</STRONG>, and <STRONG>is3</STRONG>, initializa-
+ tion strings for the terminal, <STRONG>iprog</STRONG>, the path name of a
+ program to be run to initialize the terminal, and <STRONG>if</STRONG>, the
+ name of a file containing long initialization strings.
+ These strings are expected to set the terminal into modes
+ consistent with the rest of the terminfo description.
+ They are normally sent to the terminal, by the <EM>init</EM> option
+ of the <EM>tput</EM> program, each time the user logs in. They
+ will be printed in the following order:
+ run the program
+ <STRONG>iprog</STRONG>
+ output <STRONG>is1</STRONG> <STRONG>is2</STRONG>
+ set the margins using
+ set tabs using
+ print the file
+ and finally
+ output <STRONG>is3</STRONG>.
+ Most initialization is done with <STRONG>is2</STRONG>. Special terminal
+ modes can be set up without duplicating strings by putting
+ the common sequences in <STRONG>is2</STRONG> and special cases in <STRONG>is1</STRONG> and
+ A set of sequences that does a harder reset from a totally
+ unknown state can be given as <STRONG>rs1</STRONG>, <STRONG>rs2</STRONG>, <STRONG>rf</STRONG> and <STRONG>rs3</STRONG>, analo-
+ gous to <STRONG>is1</STRONG> <STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>is2</STRONG> <STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>if</STRONG> and <STRONG>is3</STRONG> respectively. These
+ strings are output by the <EM>reset</EM> program, which is used
+ when the terminal gets into a wedged state. Commands are
+ normally placed in <STRONG>rs1</STRONG>, <STRONG>rs2</STRONG> <STRONG>rs3</STRONG> and <STRONG>rf</STRONG> only if they pro-
+ duce annoying effects on the screen and are not necessary
+ when logging in. For example, the command to set the
+ vt100 into 80-column mode would normally be part of <STRONG>is2</STRONG>,
+ but it causes an annoying glitch of the screen and is not
+ normally needed since the terminal is usually already in
+ 80 column mode.
+ The <EM>reset</EM> program writes strings including <STRONG>iprog</STRONG>, etc., in
+ the same order as the <EM>init</EM> program, using <STRONG>rs1</STRONG>, etc.,
+ instead of <STRONG>is1</STRONG>, etc. If any of <STRONG>rs1</STRONG>, <STRONG>rs2</STRONG>, <STRONG>rs3</STRONG>, or <STRONG>rf</STRONG> reset
+ capability strings are missing, the <EM>reset</EM> program falls
+ back upon the corresponding initialization capability
+ string.
+ If there are commands to set and clear tab stops, they can
+ be given as <STRONG>tbc</STRONG> (clear all tab stops) and <STRONG>hts</STRONG> (set a tab
+ stop in the current column of every row). If a more com-
+ plex sequence is needed to set the tabs than can be
+ described by this, the sequence can be placed in <STRONG>is2</STRONG> or
+ Many older and slower terminals do not support either
+ XON/XOFF or DTR handshaking, including hard copy terminals
+ and some very archaic CRTs (including, for example, DEC
+ VT100s). These may require padding characters after cer-
+ tain cursor motions and screen changes.
+ If the terminal uses xon/xoff handshaking for flow control
+ (that is, it automatically emits ^S back to the host when
+ its input buffers are close to full), set <STRONG>xon</STRONG>. This capa-
+ bility suppresses the emission of padding. You can also
+ set it for memory-mapped console devices effectively that
+ do not have a speed limit. Padding information should
+ still be included so that routines can make better deci-
+ sions about relative costs, but actual pad characters will
+ not be transmitted.
+ If <STRONG>pb</STRONG> (padding baud rate) is given, padding is suppressed
+ at baud rates below the value of <STRONG>pb</STRONG>. If the entry has no
+ padding baud rate, then whether padding is emitted or not
+ is completely controlled by <STRONG>xon</STRONG>.
+ If the terminal requires other than a null (zero) charac-
+ ter as a pad, then this can be given as <STRONG>pad</STRONG>. Only the
+ first character of the <STRONG>pad</STRONG> string is used.
+ Some terminals have an extra `status line' which is not
+ normally used by software (and thus not counted in the
+ terminal's <STRONG>lines</STRONG> capability).
+ The simplest case is a status line which is cursor-
+ addressable but not part of the main scrolling region on
+ the screen; the Heathkit H19 has a status line of this
+ kind, as would a 24-line VT100 with a 23-line scrolling
+ region set up on initialization. This situation is indi-
+ cated by the <STRONG>hs</STRONG> capability.
+ Some terminals with status lines need special sequences to
+ access the status line. These may be expressed as a
+ string with single parameter <STRONG>tsl</STRONG> which takes the cursor to
+ a given zero-origin column on the status line. The capa-
+ bility <STRONG>fsl</STRONG> must return to the main-screen cursor positions
+ before the last <STRONG>tsl</STRONG>. You may need to embed the string
+ values of <STRONG>sc</STRONG> (save cursor) and <STRONG>rc</STRONG> (restore cursor) in <STRONG>tsl</STRONG>
+ and <STRONG>fsl</STRONG> to accomplish this.
+ The status line is normally assumed to be the same width
+ as the width of the terminal. If this is untrue, you can
+ specify it with the numeric capability <STRONG>wsl</STRONG>.
+ A command to erase or blank the status line may be speci-
+ fied as <STRONG>dsl</STRONG>.
+ The boolean capability <STRONG>eslok</STRONG> specifies that escape
+ sequences, tabs, etc., work ordinarily in the status line.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> implementation does not yet use any of these
+ capabilities. They are documented here in case they ever
+ become important.
+ Many terminals have alternate character sets useful for
+ forms-drawing. Terminfo and <STRONG>curses</STRONG> build in support for
+ the drawing characters supported by the VT100, with some
+ characters from the AT&amp;T 4410v1 added. This alternate
+ character set may be specified by the <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> capability.
+ UK pound sign ACS_STERLING f }
+ arrow pointing down ACS_DARROW v .
+ arrow pointing left ACS_LARROW &lt; ,
+ arrow pointing right ACS_RARROW &gt; +
+ arrow pointing up ACS_UARROW ^ -
+ board of squares ACS_BOARD # h
+ bullet ACS_BULLET o ~
+ checker board (stipple) ACS_CKBOARD : a
+ degree symbol ACS_DEGREE \ f
+ diamond ACS_DIAMOND + `
+ greater-than-or-equal-to ACS_GEQUAL &gt; z
+ greek pi ACS_PI * {
+ horizontal line ACS_HLINE - q
+ lantern symbol ACS_LANTERN # i
+ large plus or crossover ACS_PLUS + n
+ less-than-or-equal-to ACS_LEQUAL &lt; y
+ lower left corner ACS_LLCORNER + m
+ lower right corner ACS_LRCORNER + j
+ not-equal ACS_NEQUAL ! |
+ plus/minus ACS_PLMINUS # g
+ scan line 1 ACS_S1 ~ o
+ scan line 3 ACS_S3 - p
+ scan line 7 ACS_S7 - r
+ scan line 9 ACS_S9 _ s
+ solid square block ACS_BLOCK # 0
+ tee pointing down ACS_TTEE + w
+ tee pointing left ACS_RTEE + u
+ tee pointing right ACS_LTEE + t
+ tee pointing up ACS_BTEE + v
+ upper left corner ACS_ULCORNER + l
+ upper right corner ACS_URCORNER + k
+ vertical line ACS_VLINE | x
+ The best way to define a new device's graphics set is to
+ add a column to a copy of this table for your terminal,
+ giving the character which (when emitted between
+ <STRONG>smacs</STRONG>/<STRONG>rmacs</STRONG> switches) will be rendered as the correspond-
+ ing graphic. Then read off the VT100/your terminal char-
+ acter pairs right to left in sequence; these become the
+ ACSC string.
+ Most color terminals are either `Tektronix-like' or `HP-
+ like'. Tektronix-like terminals have a predefined set of
+ N colors (where N usually 8), and can set character-cell
+ foreground and background characters independently, mixing
+ them into N * N color-pairs. On HP-like terminals, the
+ use must set each color pair up separately (foreground and
+ background are not independently settable). Up to M
+ color-pairs may be set up from 2*M different colors.
+ ANSI-compatible terminals are Tektronix-like.
+ Some basic color capabilities are independent of the color
+ method. The numeric capabilities <STRONG>colors</STRONG> and <STRONG>pairs</STRONG> specify
+ the maximum numbers of colors and color-pairs that can be
+ displayed simultaneously. The <STRONG>op</STRONG> (original pair) string
+ resets foreground and background colors to their default
+ values for the terminal. The <STRONG>oc</STRONG> string resets all colors
+ or color-pairs to their default values for the terminal.
+ Some terminals (including many PC terminal emulators)
+ erase screen areas with the current background color
+ rather than the power-up default background; these should
+ have the boolean capability <STRONG>bce</STRONG>.
+ To change the current foreground or background color on a
+ Tektronix-type terminal, use <STRONG>setaf</STRONG> (set ANSI foreground)
+ and <STRONG>setab</STRONG> (set ANSI background) or <STRONG>setf</STRONG> (set foreground)
+ and <STRONG>setb</STRONG> (set background). These take one parameter, the
+ color number. The SVr4 documentation describes only
+ <STRONG>setaf</STRONG>/<STRONG>setab</STRONG>; the XPG4 draft says that "If the terminal
+ supports ANSI escape sequences to set background and fore-
+ ground, they should be coded as <STRONG>setaf</STRONG> and <STRONG>setab</STRONG>, respec-
+ tively. If the terminal supports other escape sequences
+ to set background and foreground, they should be coded as
+ <STRONG>setf</STRONG> and <STRONG>setb</STRONG>, respectively. The <EM>vidputs()</EM> function and
+ the refresh functions use <STRONG>setaf</STRONG> and <STRONG>setab</STRONG> if they are
+ defined."
+ The <STRONG>setaf</STRONG>/<STRONG>setab</STRONG> and <STRONG>setf</STRONG>/<STRONG>setb</STRONG> capabilities take a single
+ numeric argument each. Argument values 0-7 of <STRONG>setaf</STRONG>/<STRONG>setab</STRONG>
+ are portably defined as follows (the middle column is the
+ symbolic #define available in the header for the <STRONG>curses</STRONG> or
+ <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> libraries). The terminal hardware is free to map
+ these as it likes, but the RGB values indicate normal
+ locations in color space.
+ black <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG> 0 0, 0, 0
+ red <STRONG>COLOR_RED</STRONG> 1 max,0,0
+ green <STRONG>COLOR_GREEN</STRONG> 2 0,max,0
+ yellow <STRONG>COLOR_YELLOW</STRONG> 3 max,max,0
+ blue <STRONG>COLOR_BLUE</STRONG> 4 0,0,max
+ magenta <STRONG>COLOR_MAGENTA</STRONG> 5 max,0,max
+ cyan <STRONG>COLOR_CYAN</STRONG> 6 0,max,max
+ white <STRONG>COLOR_WHITE</STRONG> 7 max,max,max
+ The argument values of <STRONG>setf</STRONG>/<STRONG>setb</STRONG> historically correspond
+ to a different mapping, i.e.,
+ black <STRONG>COLOR_BLACK</STRONG> 0 0, 0, 0
+ blue <STRONG>COLOR_BLUE</STRONG> 1 0,0,max
+ green <STRONG>COLOR_GREEN</STRONG> 2 0,max,0
+ cyan <STRONG>COLOR_CYAN</STRONG> 3 0,max,max
+ red <STRONG>COLOR_RED</STRONG> 4 max,0,0
+ magenta <STRONG>COLOR_MAGENTA</STRONG> 5 max,0,max
+ yellow <STRONG>COLOR_YELLOW</STRONG> 6 max,max,0
+ white <STRONG>COLOR_WHITE</STRONG> 7 max,max,max
+ It is important to not confuse the two sets of color capa-
+ bilities; otherwise red/blue will be interchanged on the
+ display.
+ On an HP-like terminal, use <STRONG>scp</STRONG> with a color-pair number
+ parameter to set which color pair is current.
+ On a Tektronix-like terminal, the capability <STRONG>ccc</STRONG> may be
+ present to indicate that colors can be modified. If so,
+ the <STRONG>initc</STRONG> capability will take a color number (0 to <STRONG>colors</STRONG>
+ - 1)and three more parameters which describe the color.
+ These three parameters default to being interpreted as RGB
+ (Red, Green, Blue) values. If the boolean capability <STRONG>hls</STRONG>
+ is present, they are instead as HLS (Hue, Lightness, Satu-
+ ration) indices. The ranges are terminal-dependent.
+ On an HP-like terminal, <STRONG>initp</STRONG> may give a capability for
+ changing a color-pair value. It will take seven parame-
+ ters; a color-pair number (0 to <STRONG>max_pairs</STRONG> - 1), and two
+ triples describing first background and then foreground
+ colors. These parameters must be (Red, Green, Blue) or
+ (Hue, Lightness, Saturation) depending on <STRONG>hls</STRONG>.
+ On some color terminals, colors collide with highlights.
+ You can register these collisions with the <STRONG>ncv</STRONG> capability.
+ This is a bit-mask of attributes not to be used when col-
+ ors are enabled. The correspondence with the attributes
+ understood by <STRONG>curses</STRONG> is as follows:
+ A_BLINK 3 8
+ A_DIM 4 16
+ A_BOLD 5 32
+ A_INVIS 6 64
+ A_PROTECT 7 128
+ For example, on many IBM PC consoles, the underline
+ attribute collides with the foreground color blue and is
+ not available in color mode. These should have an <STRONG>ncv</STRONG>
+ capability of 2.
+ SVr4 curses does nothing with <STRONG>ncv</STRONG>, ncurses recognizes it
+ and optimizes the output in favor of colors.
+ <STRONG>Miscellaneous</STRONG>
+ If the terminal requires other than a null (zero) charac-
+ ter as a pad, then this can be given as pad. Only the
+ first character of the pad string is used. If the termi-
+ nal does not have a pad character, specify npc. Note that
+ ncurses implements the termcap-compatible <STRONG>PC</STRONG> variable;
+ though the application may set this value to something
+ other than a null, ncurses will test <STRONG>npc</STRONG> first and use
+ napms if the terminal has no pad character.
+ If the terminal can move up or down half a line, this can
+ be indicated with <STRONG>hu</STRONG> (half-line up) and <STRONG>hd</STRONG> (half-line
+ down). This is primarily useful for superscripts and sub-
+ scripts on hard-copy terminals. If a hard-copy terminal
+ can eject to the next page (form feed), give this as <STRONG>ff</STRONG>
+ (usually control L).
+ If there is a command to repeat a given character a given
+ number of times (to save time transmitting a large number
+ of identical characters) this can be indicated with the
+ parameterized string <STRONG>rep</STRONG>. The first parameter is the
+ character to be repeated and the second is the number of
+ times to repeat it. Thus, tparm(repeat_char, 'x', 10) is
+ the same as `xxxxxxxxxx'.
+ If the terminal has a settable command character, such as
+ the TEKTRONIX 4025, this can be indicated with <STRONG>cmdch</STRONG>. A
+ prototype command character is chosen which is used in all
+ capabilities. This character is given in the <STRONG>cmdch</STRONG> capa-
+ bility to identify it. The following convention is sup-
+ ported on some UNIX systems: The environment is to be
+ searched for a <STRONG>CC</STRONG> variable, and if found, all occurrences
+ of the prototype character are replaced with the character
+ in the environment variable.
+ Terminal descriptions that do not represent a specific
+ kind of known terminal, such as <EM>switch</EM>, <EM>dialup</EM>, <EM>patch</EM>, and
+ <EM>network</EM>, should include the <STRONG>gn</STRONG> (generic) capability so
+ that programs can complain that they do not know how to
+ talk to the terminal. (This capability does not apply to
+ <EM>virtual</EM> terminal descriptions for which the escape
+ sequences are known.)
+ If the terminal has a ``meta key'' which acts as a shift
+ key, setting the 8th bit of any character transmitted,
+ this fact can be indicated with <STRONG>km</STRONG>. Otherwise, software
+ will assume that the 8th bit is parity and it will usually
+ be cleared. If strings exist to turn this ``meta mode''
+ on and off, they can be given as <STRONG>smm</STRONG> and <STRONG>rmm</STRONG>.
+ If the terminal has more lines of memory than will fit on
+ the screen at once, the number of lines of memory can be
+ indicated with <STRONG>lm</STRONG>. A value of <STRONG>lm</STRONG>#0 indicates that the
+ number of lines is not fixed, but that there is still more
+ memory than fits on the screen.
+ If the terminal is one of those supported by the UNIX vir-
+ tual terminal protocol, the terminal number can be given
+ as <STRONG>vt</STRONG>.
+ Media copy strings which control an auxiliary printer con-
+ nected to the terminal can be given as <STRONG>mc0</STRONG>: print the con-
+ tents of the screen, <STRONG>mc4</STRONG>: turn off the printer, and <STRONG>mc5</STRONG>:
+ turn on the printer. When the printer is on, all text
+ sent to the terminal will be sent to the printer. It is
+ undefined whether the text is also displayed on the termi-
+ nal screen when the printer is on. A variation <STRONG>mc5p</STRONG> takes
+ one parameter, and leaves the printer on for as many char-
+ acters as the value of the parameter, then turns the
+ printer off. The parameter should not exceed 255. All
+ text, including <STRONG>mc4</STRONG>, is transparently passed to the
+ printer while an <STRONG>mc5p</STRONG> is in effect.
+ <STRONG>Glitches</STRONG> <STRONG>and</STRONG> <STRONG>Braindamage</STRONG>
+ Hazeltine terminals, which do not allow `~' characters to
+ be displayed should indicate <STRONG>hz</STRONG>.
+ Terminals which ignore a line-feed immediately after an <STRONG>am</STRONG>
+ wrap, such as the Concept and vt100, should indicate <STRONG>xenl</STRONG>.
+ If <STRONG>el</STRONG> is required to get rid of standout (instead of
+ merely writing normal text on top of it), <STRONG>xhp</STRONG> should be
+ given.
+ Teleray terminals, where tabs turn all characters moved
+ over to blanks, should indicate <STRONG>xt</STRONG> (destructive tabs).
+ Note: the variable indicating this is now
+ `dest_tabs_magic_smso'; in older versions, it was tel-
+ eray_glitch. This glitch is also taken to mean that it is
+ not possible to position the cursor on top of a ``magic
+ cookie'', that to erase standout mode it is instead neces-
+ sary to use delete and insert line. The ncurses implemen-
+ tation ignores this glitch.
+ The Beehive Superbee, which is unable to correctly trans-
+ mit the escape or control C characters, has <STRONG>xsb</STRONG>, indicat-
+ ing that the f1 key is used for escape and f2 for control
+ C. (Only certain Superbees have this problem, depending
+ on the ROM.) Note that in older terminfo versions, this
+ capability was called `beehive_glitch'; it is now
+ `no_esc_ctl_c'.
+ Other specific terminal problems may be corrected by
+ adding more capabilities of the form <STRONG>x</STRONG><EM>x</EM>.
+ <STRONG>Similar</STRONG> <STRONG>Terminals</STRONG>
+ If there are two very similar terminals, one (the variant)
+ can be defined as being just like the other (the base)
+ with certain exceptions. In the definition of the vari-
+ ant, the string capability <STRONG>use</STRONG> can be given with the name
+ of the base terminal. The capabilities given before <STRONG>use</STRONG>
+ override those in the base type named by <STRONG>use</STRONG>. If there
+ are multiple <STRONG>use</STRONG> capabilities, they are merged in reverse
+ order. That is, the rightmost <STRONG>use</STRONG> reference is processed
+ first, then the one to its left, and so forth. Capabili-
+ ties given explicitly in the entry override those brought
+ in by <STRONG>use</STRONG> references.
+ A capability can be canceled by placing <STRONG>xx@</STRONG> to the left of
+ the use reference that imports it, where <EM>xx</EM> is the capa-
+ bility. For example, the entry
+ 2621-nl, smkx@, rmkx@, use=2621,
+ defines a 2621-nl that does not have the <STRONG>smkx</STRONG> or <STRONG>rmkx</STRONG>
+ capabilities, and hence does not turn on the function key
+ labels when in visual mode. This is useful for different
+ modes for a terminal, or for different user preferences.
+ Long terminfo entries are unlikely to be a problem; to
+ date, no entry has even approached terminfo's 4096-byte
+ string-table maximum. Unfortunately, the termcap transla-
+ tions are much more strictly limited (to 1023 bytes), thus
+ termcap translations of long terminfo entries can cause
+ problems.
+ The man pages for 4.3BSD and older versions of <STRONG>tgetent()</STRONG>
+ instruct the user to allocate a 1024-byte buffer for the
+ termcap entry. The entry gets null-terminated by the
+ termcap library, so that makes the maximum safe length for
+ a termcap entry 1k-1 (1023) bytes. Depending on what the
+ application and the termcap library being used does, and
+ where in the termcap file the terminal type that <STRONG>tgetent()</STRONG>
+ is searching for is, several bad things can happen.
+ Some termcap libraries print a warning message or exit if
+ they find an entry that's longer than 1023 bytes; others
+ do not; others truncate the entries to 1023 bytes. Some
+ application programs allocate more than the recommended 1K
+ for the termcap entry; others do not.
+ Each termcap entry has two important sizes associated with
+ it: before "tc" expansion, and after "tc" expansion. "tc"
+ is the capability that tacks on another termcap entry to
+ the end of the current one, to add on its capabilities.
+ If a termcap entry does not use the "tc" capability, then
+ of course the two lengths are the same.
+ The "before tc expansion" length is the most important
+ one, because it affects more than just users of that par-
+ ticular terminal. This is the length of the entry as it
+ exists in /etc/termcap, minus the backslash-newline pairs,
+ which <STRONG>tgetent()</STRONG> strips out while reading it. Some termcap
+ libraries strip off the final newline, too (GNU termcap
+ does not). Now suppose:
+ * a termcap entry before expansion is more than 1023
+ bytes long,
+ * and the application has only allocated a 1k buffer,
+ * and the termcap library (like the one in BSD/OS 1.1
+ and GNU) reads the whole entry into the buffer, no
+ matter what its length, to see if it is the entry it
+ wants,
+ * and <STRONG>tgetent()</STRONG> is searching for a terminal type that
+ either is the long entry, appears in the termcap file
+ after the long entry, or does not appear in the file
+ at all (so that <STRONG>tgetent()</STRONG> has to search the whole
+ termcap file).
+ Then <STRONG>tgetent()</STRONG> will overwrite memory, perhaps its stack,
+ and probably core dump the program. Programs like telnet
+ are particularly vulnerable; modern telnets pass along
+ values like the terminal type automatically. The results
+ are almost as undesirable with a termcap library, like
+ SunOS 4.1.3 and Ultrix 4.4, that prints warning messages
+ when it reads an overly long termcap entry. If a termcap
+ library truncates long entries, like OSF/1 3.0, it is
+ immune to dying here but will return incorrect data for
+ the terminal.
+ The "after tc expansion" length will have a similar effect
+ to the above, but only for people who actually set TERM to
+ that terminal type, since <STRONG>tgetent()</STRONG> only does "tc" expan-
+ sion once it is found the terminal type it was looking
+ for, not while searching.
+ In summary, a termcap entry that is longer than 1023 bytes
+ can cause, on various combinations of termcap libraries
+ and applications, a core dump, warnings, or incorrect
+ operation. If it is too long even before "tc" expansion,
+ it will have this effect even for users of some other ter-
+ minal types and users whose TERM variable does not have a
+ termcap entry.
+ When in -C (translate to termcap) mode, the <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> imple-
+ mentation of <STRONG><A HREF="tic.1m.html">tic(1m)</A></STRONG> issues warning messages when the pre-
+ tc length of a termcap translation is too long. The -c
+ (check) option also checks resolved (after tc expansion)
+ lengths.
+ <STRONG>Binary</STRONG> <STRONG>Compatibility</STRONG>
+ It is not wise to count on portability of binary terminfo
+ entries between commercial UNIX versions. The problem is
+ that there are at least two versions of terminfo (under
+ HP-UX and AIX) which diverged from System V terminfo after
+ SVr1, and have added extension capabilities to the string
+ table that (in the binary format) collide with System V
+ and XSI Curses extensions.
+ Some SVr4 <STRONG>curses</STRONG> implementations, and all previous to
+ SVr4, do not interpret the %A and %O operators in parame-
+ ter strings.
+ SVr4/XPG4 do not specify whether <STRONG>msgr</STRONG> licenses movement
+ while in an alternate-character-set mode (such modes may,
+ among other things, map CR and NL to characters that do
+ not trigger local motions). The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> implementation
+ ignores <STRONG>msgr</STRONG> in <STRONG>ALTCHARSET</STRONG> mode. This raises the possi-
+ bility that an XPG4 implementation making the opposite
+ interpretation may need terminfo entries made for <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG>
+ to have <STRONG>msgr</STRONG> turned off.
+ The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> library handles insert-character and insert-
+ character modes in a slightly non-standard way to get bet-
+ ter update efficiency. See the <STRONG>Insert/Delete</STRONG> <STRONG>Character</STRONG>
+ subsection above.
+ The parameter substitutions for <STRONG>set_clock</STRONG> and <STRONG>dis-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>play_clock</STRONG> are not documented in SVr4 or the XSI Curses
+ standard. They are deduced from the documentation for the
+ AT&amp;T 505 terminal.
+ Be careful assigning the <STRONG>kmous</STRONG> capability. The <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG>
+ wants to interpret it as <STRONG>KEY_MOUSE</STRONG>, for use by terminals
+ and emulators like xterm that can return mouse-tracking
+ information in the keyboard-input stream.
+ Different commercial ports of terminfo and curses support
+ different subsets of the XSI Curses standard and (in some
+ cases) different extension sets. Here is a summary, accu-
+ rate as of October 1995:
+ <STRONG>SVR4,</STRONG> <STRONG>Solaris,</STRONG> <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> -- These support all SVr4 capabili-
+ ties.
+ <STRONG>SGI</STRONG> -- Supports the SVr4 set, adds one undocumented
+ extended string capability (<STRONG>set_pglen</STRONG>).
+ <STRONG>SVr1,</STRONG> <STRONG>Ultrix</STRONG> -- These support a restricted subset of ter-
+ minfo capabilities. The booleans end with <STRONG>xon_xoff</STRONG>; the
+ numerics with <STRONG>width_status_line</STRONG>; and the strings with
+ <STRONG>prtr_non</STRONG>.
+ <STRONG>HP/UX</STRONG> -- Supports the SVr1 subset, plus the SVr[234]
+ numerics <STRONG>num_labels</STRONG>, <STRONG>label_height</STRONG>, <STRONG>label_width</STRONG>, plus func-
+ tion keys 11 through 63, plus <STRONG>plab_norm</STRONG>, <STRONG>label_on</STRONG>, and
+ <STRONG>label_off</STRONG>, plus some incompatible extensions in the string
+ table.
+ <STRONG>AIX</STRONG> -- Supports the SVr1 subset, plus function keys 11
+ through 63, plus a number of incompatible string table
+ extensions.
+ <STRONG>OSF</STRONG> -- Supports both the SVr4 set and the AIX extensions.
+ /usr/share/terminfo/?/* files containing terminal
+ descriptions
+ <STRONG><A HREF="tic.1m.html">tic(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="printf.3.html">printf(3)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="term.5.html">term(5)</A></STRONG>.
+ <STRONG><A HREF="term_variables.3x.html">term_variables(3x)</A></STRONG>.
+ Zeyd M. Ben-Halim, Eric S. Raymond, Thomas E. Dickey.
+ Based on pcurses by Pavel Curtis.
+ <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG>
+Man(1) output converted with
+<a href="http://www.oac.uci.edu/indiv/ehood/man2html.html">man2html</a>