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authorEdwin Groothuis <edwin@FreeBSD.org>2008-08-07 23:59:20 +0000
committerEdwin Groothuis <edwin@FreeBSD.org>2008-08-07 23:59:20 +0000
commitaf252fa7e62ab66ef0c5b951e21663961a741130 (patch)
tree4266dd27c003200e903f407d4e87215b2ff6eec1 /share/zoneinfo/australasia
parentdbe4cee6139181fb0779292359140fbd54afb257 (diff)
downloadsrc-af252fa7e62ab66ef0c5b951e21663961a741130.tar.gz
src-af252fa7e62ab66ef0c5b951e21663961a741130.zip
Flatting the vendor dist tree of tzdata.
Approved by: bde (mentor, implicit), des
Notes
Notes: svn path=/vendor/tzdata/dist/; revision=181400
Diffstat (limited to 'share/zoneinfo/australasia')
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1 files changed, 0 insertions, 1454 deletions
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/australasia b/share/zoneinfo/australasia
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-# @(#)australasia 8.8
-# <pre>
-
-# This file also includes Pacific islands.
-
-# Notes are at the end of this file
-
-###############################################################################
-
-# Australia
-
-# Please see the notes below for the controversy about "EST" versus "AEST" etc.
-
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Aus 1917 only - Jan 1 0:01 1:00 -
-Rule Aus 1917 only - Mar 25 2:00 0 -
-Rule Aus 1942 only - Jan 1 2:00 1:00 -
-Rule Aus 1942 only - Mar 29 2:00 0 -
-Rule Aus 1942 only - Sep 27 2:00 1:00 -
-Rule Aus 1943 1944 - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
-Rule Aus 1943 only - Oct 3 2:00 1:00 -
-# Go with Whitman and the Australian National Standards Commission, which
-# says W Australia didn't use DST in 1943/1944. Ignore Whitman's claim that
-# 1944/1945 was just like 1943/1944.
-
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-# Northern Territory
-Zone Australia/Darwin 8:43:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 9:00 - CST 1899 May
- 9:30 Aus CST
-# Western Australia
-#
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule AW 1974 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AW 1975 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AW 1983 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AW 1984 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AW 1991 only - Nov 17 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AW 1992 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AW 2006 only - Dec 3 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AW 2007 2009 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AW 2007 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Zone Australia/Perth 7:43:24 - LMT 1895 Dec
- 8:00 Aus WST 1943 Jul
- 8:00 AW WST
-Zone Australia/Eucla 8:35:28 - LMT 1895 Dec
- 8:45 Aus CWST 1943 Jul
- 8:45 AW CWST
-
-# Queensland
-#
-# From Alex Livingston (1996-11-01):
-# I have heard or read more than once that some resort islands off the coast
-# of Queensland chose to keep observing daylight-saving time even after
-# Queensland ceased to.
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
-# IATA SSIM (1993-02/1994-09) say that the Holiday Islands (Hayman, Lindeman,
-# Hamilton) observed DST for two years after the rest of Queensland stopped.
-# Hamilton is the largest, but there is also a Hamilton in Victoria,
-# so use Lindeman.
-#
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule AQ 1971 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AQ 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AQ 1989 1991 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AQ 1990 1992 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule Holiday 1992 1993 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule Holiday 1993 1994 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Zone Australia/Brisbane 10:12:08 - LMT 1895
- 10:00 Aus EST 1971
- 10:00 AQ EST
-Zone Australia/Lindeman 9:55:56 - LMT 1895
- 10:00 Aus EST 1971
- 10:00 AQ EST 1992 Jul
- 10:00 Holiday EST
-
-# South Australia
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule AS 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AS 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AS 1987 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AS 1972 only - Feb 27 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1973 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1986 1989 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1990 only - Mar Sun>=18 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1991 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1992 only - Mar Sun>=18 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1993 only - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1994 only - Mar Sun>=18 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AS 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Australia/Adelaide 9:14:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 9:00 - CST 1899 May
- 9:30 Aus CST 1971
- 9:30 AS CST
-
-# Tasmania
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-16):
-# <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml>
-# says King Island didn't observe DST from WWII until late 1971.
-#
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule AT 1967 only - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 1968 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 1968 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 1969 1971 - Mar Sun>=8 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 1973 1981 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 1982 1983 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 1984 1986 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 1986 only - Oct Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 1987 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 1987 only - Oct Sun>=22 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 1988 1990 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 1991 1999 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 1991 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 2001 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AT 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AT 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Australia/Hobart 9:49:16 - LMT 1895 Sep
- 10:00 - EST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
- 10:00 1:00 EST 1917 Feb
- 10:00 Aus EST 1967
- 10:00 AT EST
-Zone Australia/Currie 9:35:28 - LMT 1895 Sep
- 10:00 - EST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
- 10:00 1:00 EST 1917 Feb
- 10:00 Aus EST 1971 Jul
- 10:00 AT EST
-
-# Victoria
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule AV 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AV 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 1973 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 1986 1987 - Oct Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AV 1988 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AV 1991 1994 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AV 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AV 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AV 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Australia/Melbourne 9:39:52 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 10:00 Aus EST 1971
- 10:00 AV EST
-
-# New South Wales
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule AN 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AN 1972 only - Feb 27 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 1973 1981 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 1982 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 1983 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 1986 1989 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AN 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AN 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AN 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 -
-Rule AN 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule AN 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Australia/Sydney 10:04:52 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 10:00 Aus EST 1971
- 10:00 AN EST
-Zone Australia/Broken_Hill 9:25:48 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 10:00 - EST 1896 Aug 23
- 9:00 - CST 1899 May
- 9:30 Aus CST 1971
- 9:30 AN CST 2000
- 9:30 AS CST
-
-# Lord Howe Island
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule LH 1981 1984 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
-Rule LH 1982 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
-Rule LH 1985 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 -
-Rule LH 1986 1989 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
-Rule LH 1986 only - Oct 19 2:00 0:30 -
-Rule LH 1987 1999 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 -
-Rule LH 1990 1995 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
-Rule LH 1996 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
-Rule LH 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00 0:30 -
-Rule LH 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0:30 -
-Rule LH 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
-Rule LH 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
-Rule LH 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
-Rule LH 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0:30 -
-Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 10:00 - EST 1981 Mar
- 10:30 LH LHST
-
-# Australian miscellany
-#
-# Ashmore Is, Cartier
-# no indigenous inhabitants; only seasonal caretakers
-# no times are set
-#
-# Coral Sea Is
-# no indigenous inhabitants; only meteorologists
-# no times are set
-#
-# Macquarie
-# permanent occupation (scientific station) since 1948;
-# sealing and penguin oil station operated 1888/1917
-# like Australia/Hobart
-
-# Christmas
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Christmas 7:02:52 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 7:00 - CXT # Christmas Island Time
-
-# Cook Is
-# From Shanks & Pottenger:
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Cook 1978 only - Nov 12 0:00 0:30 HS
-Rule Cook 1979 1991 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
-Rule Cook 1979 1990 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HS
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua
- -10:30 - CKT 1978 Nov 12 # Cook Is Time
- -10:00 Cook CK%sT
-
-# Cocos
-# These islands were ruled by the Ross family from about 1830 to 1978.
-# We don't know when standard time was introduced; for now, we guess 1900.
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900
- 6:30 - CCT # Cocos Islands Time
-
-# Fiji
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Fiji 1998 1999 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
-Rule Fiji 1999 2000 - Feb lastSun 3:00 0 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Fiji 11:53:40 - LMT 1915 Oct 26 # Suva
- 12:00 Fiji FJ%sT # Fiji Time
-
-# French Polynesia
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Gambier -8:59:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Rikitea
- -9:00 - GAMT # Gambier Time
-Zone Pacific/Marquesas -9:18:00 - LMT 1912 Oct
- -9:30 - MART # Marquesas Time
-Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete
- -10:00 - TAHT # Tahiti Time
-# Clipperton (near North America) is administered from French Polynesia;
-# it is uninhabited.
-
-# Guam
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Guam -14:21:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
- 9:39:00 - LMT 1901 # Agana
- 10:00 - GST 2000 Dec 23 # Guam
- 10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time
-
-# Kiribati
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Tarawa 11:32:04 - LMT 1901 # Bairiki
- 12:00 - GILT # Gilbert Is Time
-Zone Pacific/Enderbury -11:24:20 - LMT 1901
- -12:00 - PHOT 1979 Oct # Phoenix Is Time
- -11:00 - PHOT 1995
- 13:00 - PHOT
-Zone Pacific/Kiritimati -10:29:20 - LMT 1901
- -10:40 - LINT 1979 Oct # Line Is Time
- -10:00 - LINT 1995
- 14:00 - LINT
-
-# N Mariana Is
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Saipan -14:17:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
- 9:43:00 - LMT 1901
- 9:00 - MPT 1969 Oct # N Mariana Is Time
- 10:00 - MPT 2000 Dec 23
- 10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time
-
-# Marshall Is
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Majuro 11:24:48 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - MHT 1969 Oct # Marshall Islands Time
- 12:00 - MHT
-Zone Pacific/Kwajalein 11:09:20 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - MHT 1969 Oct
- -12:00 - KWAT 1993 Aug 20 # Kwajalein Time
- 12:00 - MHT
-
-# Micronesia
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Truk 10:07:08 - LMT 1901
- 10:00 - TRUT # Truk Time
-Zone Pacific/Ponape 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 # Kolonia
- 11:00 - PONT # Ponape Time
-Zone Pacific/Kosrae 10:51:56 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - KOST 1969 Oct # Kosrae Time
- 12:00 - KOST 1999
- 11:00 - KOST
-
-# Nauru
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe
- 11:30 - NRT 1942 Mar 15 # Nauru Time
- 9:00 - JST 1944 Aug 15
- 11:30 - NRT 1979 May
- 12:00 - NRT
-
-# New Caledonia
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule NC 1977 1978 - Dec Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule NC 1978 1979 - Feb 27 0:00 0 -
-Rule NC 1996 only - Dec 1 2:00s 1:00 S
-# Shanks & Pottenger say the following was at 2:00; go with IATA.
-Rule NC 1997 only - Mar 2 2:00s 0 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13
- 11:00 NC NC%sT
-
-
-###############################################################################
-
-# New Zealand
-
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule NZ 1927 only - Nov 6 2:00 1:00 S
-Rule NZ 1928 only - Mar 4 2:00 0 M
-Rule NZ 1928 1933 - Oct Sun>=8 2:00 0:30 S
-Rule NZ 1929 1933 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 M
-Rule NZ 1934 1940 - Apr lastSun 2:00 0 M
-Rule NZ 1934 1940 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0:30 S
-Rule NZ 1946 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 S
-# Since 1957 Chatham has been 45 minutes ahead of NZ, but there's no
-# convenient notation for this so we must duplicate the Rule lines.
-Rule NZ 1974 only - Nov Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D
-Rule Chatham 1974 only - Nov Sun>=1 2:45s 1:00 D
-Rule NZ 1975 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 S
-Rule Chatham 1975 only - Feb lastSun 2:45s 0 S
-Rule NZ 1975 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D
-Rule Chatham 1975 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:45s 1:00 D
-Rule NZ 1976 1989 - Mar Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S
-Rule Chatham 1976 1989 - Mar Sun>=1 2:45s 0 S
-Rule NZ 1989 only - Oct Sun>=8 2:00s 1:00 D
-Rule Chatham 1989 only - Oct Sun>=8 2:45s 1:00 D
-Rule NZ 1990 2006 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D
-Rule Chatham 1990 2006 - Oct Sun>=1 2:45s 1:00 D
-Rule NZ 1990 2007 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 0 S
-Rule Chatham 1990 2007 - Mar Sun>=15 2:45s 0 S
-Rule NZ 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D
-Rule Chatham 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:45s 1:00 D
-Rule NZ 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S
-Rule Chatham 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:45s 0 S
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Auckland 11:39:04 - LMT 1868 Nov 2
- 11:30 NZ NZ%sT 1946 Jan 1
- 12:00 NZ NZ%sT
-Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1957 Jan 1
- 12:45 Chatham CHA%sT
-
-
-# Auckland Is
-# uninhabited; Maori and Moriori, colonial settlers, pastoralists, sealers,
-# and scientific personnel have wintered
-
-# Campbell I
-# minor whaling stations operated 1909/1914
-# scientific station operated 1941/1995;
-# previously whalers, sealers, pastoralists, and scientific personnel wintered
-# was probably like Pacific/Auckland
-
-###############################################################################
-
-
-# Niue
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Niue -11:19:40 - LMT 1901 # Alofi
- -11:20 - NUT 1951 # Niue Time
- -11:30 - NUT 1978 Oct 1
- -11:00 - NUT
-
-# Norfolk
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Norfolk 11:11:52 - LMT 1901 # Kingston
- 11:12 - NMT 1951 # Norfolk Mean Time
- 11:30 - NFT # Norfolk Time
-
-# Palau (Belau)
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Palau 8:57:56 - LMT 1901 # Koror
- 9:00 - PWT # Palau Time
-
-# Papua New Guinea
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880
- 9:48:32 - PMMT 1895 # Port Moresby Mean Time
- 10:00 - PGT # Papua New Guinea Time
-
-# Pitcairn
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Pitcairn -8:40:20 - LMT 1901 # Adamstown
- -8:30 - PNT 1998 Apr 27 00:00
- -8:00 - PST # Pitcairn Standard Time
-
-# American Samoa
-Zone Pacific/Pago_Pago 12:37:12 - LMT 1879 Jul 5
- -11:22:48 - LMT 1911
- -11:30 - SAMT 1950 # Samoa Time
- -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
- -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
- -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
-
-# Samoa
-Zone Pacific/Apia 12:33:04 - LMT 1879 Jul 5
- -11:26:56 - LMT 1911
- -11:30 - SAMT 1950 # Samoa Time
- -11:00 - WST # Samoa Time
-
-# Solomon Is
-# excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara
- 11:00 - SBT # Solomon Is Time
-
-# Tokelau Is
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Fakaofo -11:24:56 - LMT 1901
- -10:00 - TKT # Tokelau Time
-
-# Tonga
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Tonga 1999 only - Oct 7 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Tonga 2000 only - Mar 19 2:00s 0 -
-Rule Tonga 2000 2001 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
-Rule Tonga 2001 2002 - Jan lastSun 2:00 0 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Tongatapu 12:19:20 - LMT 1901
- 12:20 - TOT 1941 # Tonga Time
- 13:00 - TOT 1999
- 13:00 Tonga TO%sT
-
-# Tuvalu
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
- 12:00 - TVT # Tuvalu Time
-
-
-# US minor outlying islands
-
-# Howland, Baker
-# Howland was mined for guano by American companies 1857-1878 and British
-# 1886-1891; Baker was similar but exact dates are not known.
-# Inhabited by civilians 1935-1942; U.S. military bases 1943-1944;
-# uninhabited thereafter.
-# Howland observed Hawaii Standard Time (UTC-10:30) in 1937;
-# see page 206 of Elgen M. Long and Marie K. Long,
-# Amelia Earhart: the Mystery Solved, Simon & Schuster (2000).
-# So most likely Howland and Baker observed Hawaii Time from 1935
-# until they were abandoned after the war.
-
-# Jarvis
-# Mined for guano by American companies 1857-1879 and British 1883?-1891?.
-# Inhabited by civilians 1935-1942; IGY scientific base 1957-1958;
-# uninhabited thereafter.
-# no information; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati
-
-# Johnston
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Johnston -10:00 - HST
-
-# Kingman
-# uninhabited
-
-# Midway
-#
-# From Mark Brader (2005-01-23):
-# [Fallacies and Fantasies of Air Transport History, by R.E.G. Davies,
-# published 1994 by Paladwr Press, McLean, VA, USA; ISBN 0-9626483-5-3]
-# reproduced a Pan American Airways timeables from 1936, for their weekly
-# "Orient Express" flights between San Francisco and Manila, and connecting
-# flights to Chicago and the US East Coast. As it uses some time zone
-# designations that I've never seen before:....
-# Fri. 6:30A Lv. HONOLOLU (Pearl Harbor), H.I. H.L.T. Ar. 5:30P Sun.
-# " 3:00P Ar. MIDWAY ISLAND . . . . . . . . . M.L.T. Lv. 6:00A "
-#
-Zone Pacific/Midway -11:49:28 - LMT 1901
- -11:00 - NST 1956 Jun 3
- -11:00 1:00 NDT 1956 Sep 2
- -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
- -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
- -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
-
-# Palmyra
-# uninhabited since World War II; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati
-
-# Wake
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Wake 11:06:28 - LMT 1901
- 12:00 - WAKT # Wake Time
-
-
-# Vanuatu
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Vanuatu 1983 only - Sep 25 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Vanuatu 1984 1991 - Mar Sun>=23 0:00 0 -
-Rule Vanuatu 1984 only - Oct 23 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Vanuatu 1985 1991 - Sep Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Vanuatu 1992 1993 - Jan Sun>=23 0:00 0 -
-Rule Vanuatu 1992 only - Oct Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 S
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Efate 11:13:16 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Vila
- 11:00 Vanuatu VU%sT # Vanuatu Time
-
-# Wallis and Futuna
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
- 12:00 - WFT # Wallis & Futuna Time
-
-###############################################################################
-
-# NOTES
-
-# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
-# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
-# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
-# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
-#
-# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
-# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
-# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
-# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
-# of the IATA's data after 1990.
-#
-# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
-# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
-#
-# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
-# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
-# I found in the UCLA library.
-#
-# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
-# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
-#
-# I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
-# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
-# Corrections are welcome!
-# std dst
-# LMT Local Mean Time
-# 8:00 WST WST Western Australia
-# 8:45 CWST CWST Central Western Australia*
-# 9:00 JST Japan
-# 9:30 CST CST Central Australia
-# 10:00 EST EST Eastern Australia
-# 10:00 ChST Chamorro
-# 10:30 LHST LHST Lord Howe*
-# 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945
-# 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present
-# 12:45 CHAST CHADT Chatham*
-# -11:00 SST Samoa
-# -10:00 HST Hawaii
-# - 8:00 PST Pitcairn*
-#
-# See the `northamerica' file for Hawaii.
-# See the `southamerica' file for Easter I and the Galapagos Is.
-
-###############################################################################
-
-# Australia
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2005-12-08):
-# <a href="http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml">
-# Implementation Dates of Daylight Saving Time within Australia
-# </a> summarizes daylight saving issues in Australia.
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (2005-12-12):
-# <a href="http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/Corporate/ll_agdinfo.nsf/pages/community_relations_daylight_saving">
-# Lawlink NSW:Daylight Saving in New South Wales
-# </a> covers New South Wales in particular.
-
-# From John Mackin (1991-03-06):
-# We in Australia have _never_ referred to DST as `daylight' time.
-# It is called `summer' time. Now by a happy coincidence, `summer'
-# and `standard' happen to start with the same letter; hence, the
-# abbreviation does _not_ change...
-# The legislation does not actually define abbreviations, at least
-# in this State, but the abbreviation is just commonly taken to be the
-# initials of the phrase, and the legislation here uniformly uses
-# the phrase `summer time' and does not use the phrase `daylight
-# time'.
-# Announcers on the Commonwealth radio network, the ABC (for Australian
-# Broadcasting Commission), use the phrases `Eastern Standard Time'
-# or `Eastern Summer Time'. (Note, though, that as I say in the
-# current australasia file, there is really no such thing.) Announcers
-# on its overseas service, Radio Australia, use the same phrases
-# prefixed by the word `Australian' when referring to local times;
-# time announcements on that service, naturally enough, are made in UTC.
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
-# Given the above, what's chosen for year-round use is:
-# CST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 9:30
-# WST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 8:00
-# EST for any place operating at a GMTOFF of 10:00
-
-# From Chuck Soper (2006-06-01):
-# I recently found this Australian government web page on time zones:
-# <http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia-13time>
-# And this government web page lists time zone names and abbreviations:
-# <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/daysavtm.shtml>
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-04-05), summarizing a long discussion about "EST"
-# versus "AEST" etc.:
-#
-# I see the following points of dispute:
-#
-# * How important are unique time zone abbreviations?
-#
-# Here I tend to agree with the point (most recently made by Chris
-# Newman) that unique abbreviations should not be essential for proper
-# operation of software. We have other instances of ambiguity
-# (e.g. "IST" denoting both "Israel Standard Time" and "Indian
-# Standard Time"), and they are not likely to go away any time soon.
-# In the old days, some software mistakenly relied on unique
-# abbreviations, but this is becoming less true with time, and I don't
-# think it's that important to cater to such software these days.
-#
-# On the other hand, there is another motivation for unambiguous
-# abbreviations: it cuts down on human confusion. This is
-# particularly true for Australia, where "EST" can mean one thing for
-# time T and a different thing for time T plus 1 second.
-#
-# * Does the relevant legislation indicate which abbreviations should be used?
-#
-# Here I tend to think that things are a mess, just as they are in
-# many other countries. We Americans are currently disagreeing about
-# which abbreviation to use for the newly legislated Chamorro Standard
-# Time, for example.
-#
-# Personally, I would prefer to use common practice; I would like to
-# refer to legislation only for examples of common practice, or as a
-# tiebreaker.
-#
-# * Do Australians more often use "Eastern Daylight Time" or "Eastern
-# Summer Time"? Do they typically prefix the time zone names with
-# the word "Australian"?
-#
-# My own impression is that both "Daylight Time" and "Summer Time" are
-# common and are widely understood, but that "Summer Time" is more
-# popular; and that the leading "A" is also common but is omitted more
-# often than not. I just used AltaVista advanced search and got the
-# following count of page hits:
-#
-# 1,103 "Eastern Summer Time" AND domain:au
-# 971 "Australian Eastern Summer Time" AND domain:au
-# 613 "Eastern Daylight Time" AND domain:au
-# 127 "Australian Eastern Daylight Time" AND domain:au
-#
-# Here "Summer" seems quite a bit more popular than "Daylight",
-# particularly when we know the time zone is Australian and not US,
-# say. The "Australian" prefix seems to be popular for Eastern Summer
-# Time, but unpopular for Eastern Daylight Time.
-#
-# For abbreviations, tools like AltaVista are less useful because of
-# ambiguity. Many hits are not really time zones, unfortunately, and
-# many hits denote US time zones and not Australian ones. But here
-# are the hit counts anyway:
-#
-# 161,304 "EST" and domain:au
-# 25,156 "EDT" and domain:au
-# 18,263 "AEST" and domain:au
-# 10,416 "AEDT" and domain:au
-#
-# 14,538 "CST" and domain:au
-# 5,728 "CDT" and domain:au
-# 176 "ACST" and domain:au
-# 29 "ACDT" and domain:au
-#
-# 7,539 "WST" and domain:au
-# 68 "AWST" and domain:au
-#
-# This data suggest that Australians tend to omit the "A" prefix in
-# practice. The situation for "ST" versus "DT" is less clear, given
-# the ambiguities involved.
-#
-# * How do Australians feel about the abbreviations in the tz database?
-#
-# If you just count Australians on this list, I count 2 in favor and 3
-# against. One of the "against" votes (David Keegel) counseled delay,
-# saying that both AEST/AEDT and EST/EST are widely used and
-# understood in Australia.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19):
-# Shanks & Pottenger report 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and NZ.
-# Mark Prior writes that his newspaper
-# reports that NSW's fall 1995 change will occur at 2:00,
-# but Robert Elz says it's been 3:00 in Victoria since 1970
-# and perhaps the newspaper's `2:00' is referring to standard time.
-# For now we'll continue to assume 2:00s for changes since 1960.
-
-# From Eric Ulevik (1998-01-05):
-#
-# Here are some URLs to Australian time legislation. These URLs are stable,
-# and should probably be included in the data file. There are probably more
-# relevant entries in this database.
-#
-# NSW (including LHI and Broken Hill):
-# <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/sta1987137/index.html">
-# Standard Time Act 1987 (updated 1995-04-04)
-# </a>
-# ACT
-# <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/act/consol_act/stasta1972279/index.html">
-# Standard Time and Summer Time Act 1972
-# </a>
-# SA
-# <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/sa/consol_act/sta1898137/index.html">
-# Standard Time Act, 1898
-# </a>
-
-# From David Grosz (2005-06-13):
-# It was announced last week that Daylight Saving would be extended by
-# one week next year to allow for the 2006 Commonwealth Games.
-# Daylight Saving is now to end for next year only on the first Sunday
-# in April instead of the last Sunday in March.
-#
-# From Gwillim Law (2005-06-14):
-# I did some Googling and found that all of those states (and territory) plan
-# to extend DST together in 2006.
-# ACT: http://www.cmd.act.gov.au/mediareleases/fileread.cfm?file=86.txt
-# New South Wales: http://www.thecouriermail.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,5936,15538869%255E1702,00.html
-# South Australia: http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15555031-1246,00.html
-# Tasmania: http://www.media.tas.gov.au/release.php?id=14772
-# Victoria: I wasn't able to find anything separate, but the other articles
-# allude to it.
-# But not Queensland
-# http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15564030-1248,00.html.
-
-# Northern Territory
-
-# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # The NORTHERN TERRITORY.. [ Courtesy N.T. Dept of the Chief Minister ]
-# # [ Nov 1990 ]
-# # N.T. have never utilised any DST due to sub-tropical/tropical location.
-# ...
-# Zone Australia/North 9:30 - CST
-
-# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
-# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
-# the Northern Territory do[es] not have daylight saving.
-
-# Western Australia
-
-# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # The state of WESTERN AUSTRALIA.. [ Courtesy W.A. dept Premier+Cabinet ]
-# # [ Nov 1990 ]
-# # W.A. suffers from a great deal of public and political opposition to
-# # DST in principle. A bill is brought before parliament in most years, but
-# # usually defeated either in the upper house, or in party caucus
-# # before reaching parliament.
-# ...
-# Zone Australia/West 8:00 AW %sST
-# ...
-# Rule AW 1974 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule AW 1975 only - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 W
-# Rule AW 1983 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule AW 1984 only - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 W
-
-# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
-# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
-# Western Australia...do[es] not have daylight saving.
-
-# From John D. Newman via Bradley White (1991-11-02):
-# Western Australia is still on "winter time". Some DH in Sydney
-# rang me at home a few days ago at 6.00am. (He had just arrived at
-# work at 9.00am.)
-# W.A. is switching to Summer Time on Nov 17th just to confuse
-# everybody again.
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
-# The 1992 ending date used in the rules is a best guess;
-# it matches what was used in the past.
-
-# <a href="http://www.bom.gov.au/faq/faqgen.htm">
-# The Australian Bureau of Meteorology FAQ
-# </a> (1999-09-27) writes that Giles Meteorological Station uses
-# South Australian time even though it's located in Western Australia.
-
-# Queensland
-# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # The state of QUEENSLAND.. [ Courtesy Qld. Dept Premier Econ&Trade Devel ]
-# # [ Dec 1990 ]
-# ...
-# Zone Australia/Queensland 10:00 AQ %sST
-# ...
-# Rule AQ 1971 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule AQ 1972 only - Feb lastSun 3:00 0 E
-# Rule AQ 1989 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule AQ 1990 max - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 E
-
-# From Bradley White (1989-12-24):
-# "Australia/Queensland" now observes daylight time (i.e. from
-# October 1989).
-
-# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
-# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
-# ...Queensland...[has] agreed to end daylight saving
-# at 3am tomorrow (March 3)...
-
-# From John Mackin (1991-03-06):
-# I can certainly confirm for my part that Daylight Saving in NSW did in fact
-# end on Sunday, 3 March. I don't know at what hour, though. (It surprised
-# me.)
-
-# From Bradley White (1992-03-08):
-# ...there was recently a referendum in Queensland which resulted
-# in the experimental daylight saving system being abandoned. So, ...
-# ...
-# Rule QLD 1989 1991 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule QLD 1990 1992 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 S
-# ...
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
-# The chosen rules the union of the 1971/1972 change and the 1989-1992 changes.
-
-# From Christopher Hunt (2006-11-21), after an advance warning
-# from Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-11-01):
-# WA are trialing DST for three years.
-# <http://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/parliament/bills.nsf/9A1B183144403DA54825721200088DF1/$File/Bill175-1B.pdf>
-
-# From Rives McDow (2002-04-09):
-# The most interesting region I have found consists of three towns on the
-# southern coast.... South Australia observes daylight saving time; Western
-# Australia does not. The two states are one and a half hours apart. The
-# residents decided to forget about this nonsense of changing the clock so
-# much and set the local time 20 hours and 45 minutes from the
-# international date line, or right in the middle of the time of South
-# Australia and Western Australia....
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (2002-04-09):
-# This is confirmed by the section entitled
-# "What's the deal with time zones???" in
-# <http://www.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/~awatkins/null.html>.
-#
-# From Alex Livingston (2006-12-07):
-# ... it was just on four years ago that I drove along the Eyre Highway,
-# which passes through eastern Western Australia close to the southern
-# coast of the continent.
-#
-# I paid particular attention to the time kept there. There can be no
-# dispute that UTC+08:45 was considered "the time" from the border
-# village just inside the border with South Australia to as far west
-# as just east of Caiguna. There can also be no dispute that Eucla is
-# the largest population centre in this zone....
-#
-# Now that Western Australia is observing daylight saving, the
-# question arose whether this part of the state would follow suit. I
-# just called the border village and confirmed that indeed they have,
-# meaning that they are now observing UTC+09:45.
-#
-# (2006-12-09):
-# I personally doubt that either experimentation with daylight saving
-# in WA or its introduction in SA had anything to do with the genesis
-# of this time zone. My hunch is that it's been around since well
-# before 1975. I remember seeing it noted on road maps decades ago.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-12-15):
-# For lack of better info, assume the tradition dates back to the
-# introduction of standard time in 1895.
-
-
-# southeast Australia
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):
-# Starting autumn 2008 Victoria, NSW, South Australia, Tasmania and the ACT
-# end DST the first Sunday in April and start DST the first Sunday in October.
-# http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/daylight-savings-to-span-six-months/2007/06/27/1182623966703.html
-
-
-# South Australia
-
-# From Bradley White (1991-03-04):
-# A recent excerpt from an Australian newspaper...
-# ...South Australia...[has] agreed to end daylight saving
-# at 3am tomorrow (March 3)...
-
-# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # The state of SOUTH AUSTRALIA....[ Courtesy of S.A. Dept of Labour ]
-# # [ Nov 1990 ]
-# ...
-# Zone Australia/South 9:30 AS %sST
-# ...
-# Rule AS 1971 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule AS 1972 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 C
-# Rule AS 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 3:00 0 C
-# Rule AS 1991 max - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 C
-
-# From Bradley White (1992-03-11):
-# Recent correspondence with a friend in Adelaide
-# contained the following exchange: "Due to the Adelaide Festival,
-# South Australia delays setting back our clocks for a few weeks."
-
-# From Robert Elz (1992-03-13):
-# I heard that apparently (or at least, it appears that)
-# South Aus will have an extra 3 weeks daylight saving every even
-# numbered year (from 1990). That's when the Adelaide Festival
-# is on...
-
-# From Robert Elz (1992-03-16, 00:57:07 +1000):
-# DST didn't end in Adelaide today (yesterday)....
-# But whether it's "4th Sunday" or "2nd last Sunday" I have no idea whatever...
-# (it's just as likely to be "the Sunday we pick for this year"...).
-
-# From Bradley White (1994-04-11):
-# If Sun, 15 March, 1992 was at +1030 as kre asserts, but yet Sun, 20 March,
-# 1994 was at +0930 as John Connolly's customer seems to assert, then I can
-# only conclude that the actual rule is more complicated....
-
-# From John Warburton (1994-10-07):
-# The new Daylight Savings dates for South Australia ...
-# was gazetted in the Government Hansard on Sep 26 1994....
-# start on last Sunday in October and end in last sunday in March.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):
-# See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.
-
-# Tasmania
-
-# The rules for 1967 through 1991 were reported by George Shepherd
-# via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # The state of TASMANIA.. [Courtesy Tasmanian Dept of Premier + Cabinet ]
-# # [ Nov 1990 ]
-
-# From Bill Hart via Guy Harris (1991-10-10):
-# Oh yes, the new daylight savings rules are uniquely tasmanian, we have
-# 6 weeks a year now when we are out of sync with the rest of Australia
-# (but nothing new about that).
-
-# From Alex Livingston (1999-10-04):
-# I heard on the ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) radio news on the
-# (long) weekend that Tasmania, which usually goes its own way in this regard,
-# has decided to join with most of NSW, the ACT, and most of Victoria
-# (Australia) and start daylight saving on the last Sunday in August in 2000
-# instead of the first Sunday in October.
-
-# Sim Alam (2000-07-03) reported a legal citation for the 2000/2001 rules:
-# http://www.thelaw.tas.gov.au/fragview/42++1968+GS3A@EN+2000070300
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):
-# See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.
-
-# Victoria
-
-# The rules for 1971 through 1991 were reported by George Shepherd
-# via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # The state of VICTORIA.. [ Courtesy of Vic. Dept of Premier + Cabinet ]
-# # [ Nov 1990 ]
-
-# From Scott Harrington (2001-08-29):
-# On KQED's "City Arts and Lectures" program last night I heard an
-# interesting story about daylight savings time. Dr. John Heilbron was
-# discussing his book "The Sun in the Church: Cathedrals as Solar
-# Observatories"[1], and in particular the Shrine of Remembrance[2] located
-# in Melbourne, Australia.
-#
-# Apparently the shrine's main purpose is a beam of sunlight which
-# illuminates a special spot on the floor at the 11th hour of the 11th day
-# of the 11th month (Remembrance Day) every year in memory of Australia's
-# fallen WWI soldiers. And if you go there on Nov. 11, at 11am local time,
-# you will indeed see the sunbeam illuminate the special spot at the
-# expected time.
-#
-# However, that is only because of some special mirror contraption that had
-# to be employed, since due to daylight savings time, the true solar time of
-# the remembrance moment occurs one hour later (or earlier?). Perhaps
-# someone with more information on this jury-rig can tell us more.
-#
-# [1] http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/HEISUN.html
-# [2] http://www.shrine.org.au
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):
-# See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.
-
-# New South Wales
-
-# From Arthur David Olson:
-# New South Wales and subjurisdictions have their own ideas of a fun time.
-# Based on law library research by John Mackin,
-# who notes:
-# In Australia, time is not legislated federally, but rather by the
-# individual states. Thus, while such terms as ``Eastern Standard Time''
-# [I mean, of course, Australian EST, not any other kind] are in common
-# use, _they have NO REAL MEANING_, as they are not defined in the
-# legislation. This is very important to understand.
-# I have researched New South Wales time only...
-
-# From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-26):
-# DST will start in NSW on the last Sunday of August, rather than the usual
-# October in 2000. [See: Matthew Moore,
-# <a href="http://www.smh.com.au/news/9905/26/pageone/pageone4.html">
-# Two months more daylight saving
-# </a>
-# Sydney Morning Herald (1999-05-26).]
-
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-27):
-# See the following official NSW source:
-# <a href="http://dir.gis.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/genobject/document/other/daylightsaving/tigGmZ">
-# Daylight Saving in New South Wales.
-# </a>
-#
-# Narrabri Shire (NSW) council has announced it will ignore the extension of
-# daylight saving next year. See:
-# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/neweng/monthly/regeng-22jul1999-1.htm">
-# Narrabri Council to ignore daylight saving
-# </a> (1999-07-22). For now, we'll wait to see if this really happens.
-#
-# Victoria will following NSW. See:
-# <a href="http://abc.net.au/local/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990728112314_1.htm">
-# Vic to extend daylight saving
-# </a> (1999-07-28).
-#
-# However, South Australia rejected the DST request. See:
-# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990719151754_1.htm">
-# South Australia rejects Olympics daylight savings request
-# </a> (1999-07-19).
-#
-# Queensland also will not observe DST for the Olympics. See:
-# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/06/item19990601114608_1.htm">
-# Qld says no to daylight savings for Olympics
-# </a> (1999-06-01), which quotes Queensland Premier Peter Beattie as saying
-# ``Look you've got to remember in my family when this came up last time
-# I voted for it, my wife voted against it and she said to me it's all very
-# well for you, you don't have to worry about getting the children out of
-# bed, getting them to school, getting them to sleep at night.
-# I've been through all this argument domestically...my wife rules.''
-#
-# Broken Hill will stick with South Australian time in 2000. See:
-# <a href="http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/brokenh/monthly/regbrok-21jul1999-6.htm">
-# Broken Hill to be behind the times
-# </a> (1999-07-21).
-
-# IATA SSIM (1998-09) says that the spring 2000 change for Australian
-# Capital Territory, New South Wales except Lord Howe Island and Broken
-# Hill, and Victoria will be August 27, presumably due to the Sydney Olympics.
-
-# From Eric Ulevik, referring to Sydney's Sun Herald (2000-08-13), page 29:
-# The Queensland Premier Peter Beattie is encouraging northern NSW
-# towns to use Queensland time.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):
-# See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.
-
-# Yancowinna
-
-# From John Mackin (1989-01-04):
-# `Broken Hill' means the County of Yancowinna.
-
-# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # YANCOWINNA.. [ Confirmation courtesy of Broken Hill Postmaster ]
-# # [ Dec 1990 ]
-# ...
-# # Yancowinna uses Central Standard Time, despite [its] location on the
-# # New South Wales side of the S.A. border. Most business and social dealings
-# # are with CST zones, therefore CST is legislated by local government
-# # although the switch to Summer Time occurs in line with N.S.W. There have
-# # been years when this did not apply, but the historical data is not
-# # presently available.
-# Zone Australia/Yancowinna 9:30 AY %sST
-# ...
-# Rule AY 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule AY 1972 only - Feb lastSun 3:00 0 C
-# [followed by other Rules]
-
-# Lord Howe Island
-
-# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# LHI... [ Courtesy of Pauline Van Winsen ]
-# [ Dec 1990 ]
-# Lord Howe Island is located off the New South Wales coast, and is half an
-# hour ahead of NSW time.
-
-# From James Lonergan, Secretary, Lord Howe Island Board (2000-01-27):
-# Lord Howe Island summer time in 2000/2001 will commence on the same
-# date as the rest of NSW (i.e. 2000-08-27). For your information the
-# Lord Howe Island Board (controlling authority for the Island) is
-# seeking the community's views on various options for summer time
-# arrangements on the Island, e.g. advance clocks by 1 full hour
-# instead of only 30 minutes. Dependant on the wishes of residents
-# the Board may approach the NSW government to change the existing
-# arrangements. The starting date for summer time on the Island will
-# however always coincide with the rest of NSW.
-
-# From James Lonergan, Secretary, Lord Howe Island Board (2000-10-25):
-# Lord Howe Island advances clocks by 30 minutes during DST in NSW and retards
-# clocks by 30 minutes when DST finishes. Since DST was most recently
-# introduced in NSW, the "changeover" time on the Island has been 02:00 as
-# shown on clocks on LHI. I guess this means that for 30 minutes at the start
-# of DST, LHI is actually 1 hour ahead of the rest of NSW.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# For Lord Howe dates we use Shanks & Pottenger through 1989, and
-# Lonergan thereafter. For times we use Lonergan.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-07-23):
-# See "southeast Australia" above for 2008 and later.
-
-###############################################################################
-
-# New Zealand
-
-# From Mark Davies (1990-10-03):
-# the 1989/90 year was a trial of an extended "daylight saving" period.
-# This trial was deemed successful and the extended period adopted for
-# subsequent years (with the addition of a further week at the start).
-# source -- phone call to Ministry of Internal Affairs Head Office.
-
-# From George Shepherd via Simon Woodhead via Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
-# # The Country of New Zealand (Australia's east island -) Gee they hate that!
-# # or is Australia the west island of N.Z.
-# # [ courtesy of Geoff Tribble.. Auckland N.Z. ]
-# # [ Nov 1990 ]
-# ...
-# Rule NZ 1974 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule NZ 1989 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
-# Rule NZ 1975 1989 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 S
-# Rule NZ 1990 max - Mar lastSun 3:00 0 S
-# ...
-# Zone NZ 12:00 NZ NZ%sT # New Zealand
-# Zone NZ-CHAT 12:45 - NZ-CHAT # Chatham Island
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (1992-03-08):
-# The chosen rules use the Davies October 8 values for the start of DST in 1989
-# rather than the October 1 value.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19);
-# Shank & Pottenger report 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and NZ.
-# Robert Uzgalis writes that the New Zealand Daylight
-# Savings Time Order in Council dated 1990-06-18 specifies 2:00 standard
-# time on both the first Sunday in October and the third Sunday in March.
-# As with Australia, we'll assume the tradition is 2:00s, not 2:00.
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# The Department of Internal Affairs (DIA) maintains a brief history,
-# as does Carol Squires; see tz-link.htm for the full references.
-# Use these sources in preference to Shanks & Pottenger.
-#
-# For Chatham, IATA SSIM (1991/1999) gives the NZ rules but with
-# transitions at 2:45 local standard time; this confirms that Chatham
-# is always exactly 45 minutes ahead of Auckland.
-
-# From Colin Sharples (2007-04-30):
-# DST will now start on the last Sunday in September, and end on the
-# first Sunday in April. The changes take effect this year, meaning
-# that DST will begin on 2007-09-30 2008-04-06.
-# http://www.dia.govt.nz/diawebsite.nsf/wpg_URL/Services-Daylight-Saving-Daylight-saving-to-be-extended
-
-###############################################################################
-
-
-# Fiji
-
-# Howse writes (p 153) that in 1879 the British governor of Fiji
-# enacted an ordinance standardizing the islands on Antipodean Time
-# instead of the American system (which was one day behind).
-
-# From Rives McDow (1998-10-08):
-# Fiji will introduce DST effective 0200 local time, 1998-11-01
-# until 0300 local time 1999-02-28. Each year the DST period will
-# be from the first Sunday in November until the last Sunday in February.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2000-01-08):
-# IATA SSIM (1999-09) says DST ends 0100 local time. Go with McDow.
-
-# From the BBC World Service (1998-10-31 11:32 UTC):
-# The Fijiian government says the main reasons for the time change is to
-# improve productivity and reduce road accidents. But correspondents say it
-# also hopes the move will boost Fiji's ability to compete with other pacific
-# islands in the effort to attract tourists to witness the dawning of the new
-# millenium.
-
-# http://www.fiji.gov.fj/press/2000_09/2000_09_13-05.shtml (2000-09-13)
-# reports that Fiji has discontinued DST.
-
-# Johnston
-
-# Johnston data is from usno1995.
-
-
-# Kiribati
-
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-01-22):
-# Today's _Wall Street Journal_ (page 1) reports that Kiribati
-# ``declared it the same day throught the country as of Jan. 1, 1995''
-# as part of the competition to be first into the 21st century.
-
-
-# Kwajalein
-
-# In comp.risks 14.87 (26 August 1993), Peter Neumann writes:
-# I wonder what happened in Kwajalein, where there was NO Friday,
-# 1993-08-20. Thursday night at midnight Kwajalein switched sides with
-# respect to the International Date Line, to rejoin its fellow islands,
-# going from 11:59 p.m. Thursday to 12:00 m. Saturday in a blink.
-
-
-# N Mariana Is, Guam
-
-# Howse writes (p 153) ``The Spaniards, on the other hand, reached the
-# Philippines and the Ladrones from America,'' and implies that the Ladrones
-# (now called the Marianas) kept American date for quite some time.
-# For now, we assume the Ladrones switched at the same time as the Philippines;
-# see Asia/Manila.
-
-# US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UTC+10 the official standard time,
-# under the name "Chamorro Standard Time". There is no official abbreviation,
-# but Congressman Robert A. Underwood, author of the bill that became law,
-# wrote in a press release (2000-12-27) that he will seek the use of "ChST".
-
-
-# Micronesia
-
-# Alan Eugene Davis writes (1996-03-16),
-# ``I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that "Truk"
-# (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10.''
-#
-# Shanks & Pottenger write that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11
-# on 1978-10-01; ignore this for now.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
-# The Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board writes in
-# <a href="http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html">
-# The Federated States of Micronesia - Visitor Information
-# </a> (1999-01-26)
-# that Truk and Yap are UTC+10, and Ponape and Kosrae are UTC+11.
-# We don't know when Kosrae switched from UTC+12; assume January 1 for now.
-
-
-# Midway
-
-# From Charles T O'Connor, KMTH DJ (1956),
-# quoted in the KTMH section of the Radio Heritage Collection
-# <http://radiodx.com/spdxr/KMTH.htm> (2002-12-31):
-# For the past two months we've been on what is known as Daylight
-# Saving Time. This time has put us on air at 5am in the morning,
-# your time down there in New Zealand. Starting September 2, 1956
-# we'll again go back to Standard Time. This'll mean that we'll go to
-# air at 6am your time.
-#
-# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23):
-# We don't know the date of that quote, but we'll guess they
-# started DST on June 3. Possibly DST was observed other years
-# in Midway, but we have no record of it.
-
-
-# Pitcairn
-
-# From Rives McDow (1999-11-08):
-# A Proclamation was signed by the Governor of Pitcairn on the 27th March 1998
-# with regard to Pitcairn Standard Time. The Proclamation is as follows.
-#
-# The local time for general purposes in the Islands shall be
-# Co-ordinated Universal time minus 8 hours and shall be known
-# as Pitcairn Standard Time.
-#
-# ... I have also seen Pitcairn listed as UTC minus 9 hours in several
-# references, and can only assume that this was an error in interpretation
-# somehow in light of this proclamation.
-
-# From Rives McDow (1999-11-09):
-# The Proclamation regarding Pitcairn time came into effect on 27 April 1998
-# ... at midnight.
-
-# From Howie Phelps (1999-11-10), who talked to a Pitcairner via shortwave:
-# Betty Christian told me yesterday that their local time is the same as
-# Pacific Standard Time. They used to be 1/2 hour different from us here in
-# Sacramento but it was changed a couple of years ago.
-
-
-# Samoa
-
-# Howse writes (p 153, citing p 10 of the 1883-11-18 New York Herald)
-# that in 1879 the King of Samoa decided to change
-# ``the date in his kingdom from the Antipodean to the American system,
-# ordaining -- by a masterpiece of diplomatic flattery -- that
-# the Fourth of July should be celebrated twice in that year.''
-
-
-# Tonga
-
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-01-22):
-# Today's _Wall Street Journal_ (p 1) reports that ``Tonga has been plotting
-# to sneak ahead of [New Zealanders] by introducing daylight-saving time.''
-# Since Kiribati has moved the Date Line it's not clear what Tonga will do.
-
-# Don Mundell writes in the 1997-02-20 Tonga Chronicle
-# <a href="http://www.tongatapu.net.to/tonga/homeland/timebegins.htm">
-# How Tonga became `The Land where Time Begins'
-# </a>:
-
-# Until 1941 Tonga maintained a standard time 50 minutes ahead of NZST
-# 12 hours and 20 minutes ahead of GMT. When New Zealand adjusted its
-# standard time in 1940s, Tonga had the choice of subtracting from its
-# local time to come on the same standard time as New Zealand or of
-# advancing its time to maintain the differential of 13 degrees
-# (approximately 50 minutes ahead of New Zealand time).
-#
-# Because His Majesty King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, then Crown Prince
-# Tungi, preferred to ensure Tonga's title as the land where time
-# begins, the Legislative Assembly approved the latter change.
-#
-# But some of the older, more conservative members from the outer
-# islands objected. "If at midnight on Dec. 31, we move ahead 40
-# minutes, as your Royal Highness wishes, what becomes of the 40
-# minutes we have lost?"
-#
-# The Crown Prince, presented an unanswerable argument: "Remember that
-# on the World Day of Prayer, you would be the first people on Earth
-# to say your prayers in the morning."
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# Shanks & Pottenger say the transition was on 1968-10-01; go with Mundell.
-
-# From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-03):
-# Tonga's director of tourism, who is also secretary of the National Millenium
-# Committee, has a plan to get Tonga back in front.
-# He has proposed a one-off move to tropical daylight saving for Tonga from
-# October to March, which has won approval in principle from the Tongan
-# Government.
-
-# From Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):
-# * Tonga will introduce DST in November
-#
-# I was given this link by John Letts:
-# <a hef="http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm">
-# http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_424000/424764.stm
-# </a>
-#
-# I have not been able to find exact dates for the transition in November
-# yet. By reading this article it seems like Fiji will be 14 hours ahead
-# of UTC as well, but as far as I know Fiji will only be 13 hours ahead
-# (12 + 1 hour DST).
-
-# From Arthur David Olson (1999-09-20):
-# According to <a href="http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html>
-# http://www.tongaonline.com/news/sept1799.html
-# </a>:
-# "Daylight Savings Time will take effect on Oct. 2 through April 15, 2000
-# and annually thereafter from the first Saturday in October through the
-# third Saturday of April. Under the system approved by Privy Council on
-# Sept. 10, clocks must be turned ahead one hour on the opening day and
-# set back an hour on the closing date."
-# Alas, no indication of the time of day.
-
-# From Rives McDow (1999-10-06):
-# Tonga started its Daylight Saving on Saturday morning October 2nd at 0200am.
-# Daylight Saving ends on April 16 at 0300am which is Sunday morning.
-
-# From Steffen Thorsen (2000-10-31):
-# Back in March I found a notice on the website http://www.tongaonline.com
-# that Tonga changed back to standard time one month early, on March 19
-# instead of the original reported date April 16. Unfortunately, the article
-# is no longer available on the site, and I did not make a copy of the
-# text, and I have forgotten to report it here.
-# (Original URL was: http://www.tongaonline.com/news/march162000.htm )
-
-# From Rives McDow (2000-12-01):
-# Tonga is observing DST as of 2000-11-04 and will stop on 2001-01-27.
-
-# From Sione Moala-Mafi (2001-09-20) via Rives McDow:
-# At 2:00am on the first Sunday of November, the standard time in the Kingdom
-# shall be moved forward by one hour to 3:00am. At 2:00am on the last Sunday
-# of January the standard time in the Kingdom shall be moved backward by one
-# hour to 1:00am.
-
-# From Pulu 'Anau (2002-11-05):
-# The law was for 3 years, supposedly to get renewed. It wasn't.
-
-
-# Wake
-
-# From Vernice Anderson, Personal Secretary to Philip Jessup,
-# US Ambassador At Large (oral history interview, 1971-02-02):
-#
-# Saturday, the 14th [of October, 1950] -- ... The time was all the
-# more confusing at that point, because we had crossed the
-# International Date Line, thus getting two Sundays. Furthermore, we
-# discovered that Wake Island had two hours of daylight saving time
-# making calculation of time in Washington difficult if not almost
-# impossible.
-#
-# http://www.trumanlibrary.org/wake/meeting.htm
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23):
-# We have no other report of DST in Wake Island, so omit this info for now.
-
-###############################################################################
-
-# The International Date Line
-
-# From Gwillim Law (2000-01-03):
-#
-# The International Date Line is not defined by any international standard,
-# convention, or treaty. Mapmakers are free to draw it as they please.
-# Reputable mapmakers will simply ensure that every point of land appears on
-# the correct side of the IDL, according to the date legally observed there.
-#
-# When Kiribati adopted a uniform date in 1995, thereby moving the Phoenix and
-# Line Islands to the west side of the IDL (or, if you prefer, moving the IDL
-# to the east side of the Phoenix and Line Islands), I suppose that most
-# mapmakers redrew the IDL following the boundary of Kiribati. Even that line
-# has a rather arbitrary nature. The straight-line boundaries between Pacific
-# island nations that are shown on many maps are based on an international
-# convention, but are not legally binding national borders.... The date is
-# governed by the IDL; therefore, even on the high seas, there may be some
-# places as late as fourteen hours later than UTC. And, since the IDL is not
-# an international standard, there are some places on the high seas where the
-# correct date is ambiguous.
-
-# From Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_zone> (2005-08-31):
-# Before 1920, all ships kept local apparent time on the high seas by setting
-# their clocks at night or at the morning sight so that, given the ship's
-# speed and direction, it would be 12 o'clock when the Sun crossed the ship's
-# meridian (12 o'clock = local apparent noon). During 1917, at the
-# Anglo-French Conference on Time-keeping at Sea, it was recommended that all
-# ships, both military and civilian, should adopt hourly standard time zones
-# on the high seas. Whenever a ship was within the territorial waters of any
-# nation it would use that nation's standard time. The captain was permitted
-# to change his ship's clocks at a time of his choice following his ship's
-# entry into another zone time--he often chose midnight. These zones were
-# adopted by all major fleets between 1920 and 1925 but not by many
-# independent merchant ships until World War II.
-
-# From Paul Eggert, using references suggested by Oscar van Vlijmen
-# (2005-03-20):
-#
-# The American Practical Navigator (2002)
-# <http://pollux.nss.nima.mil/pubs/pubs_j_apn_sections.html?rid=187>
-# talks only about the 180-degree meridian with respect to ships in
-# international waters; it ignores the international date line.