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authorGarrett Wollman <wollman@FreeBSD.org>2001-11-09 19:00:37 +0000
committerGarrett Wollman <wollman@FreeBSD.org>2001-11-09 19:00:37 +0000
commit8b648aad4d43d0e5cc2b23a3c8f7dfcb62f03ba8 (patch)
treece81383f69440491f41598c85ad62677ab216ef5 /share/zoneinfo/europe
parentb825d93eb99c136f3cad331a3a0e6cc7a9f1e3e3 (diff)
downloadsrc-vendor/tzdata/tzdata2001d.tar.gz
src-vendor/tzdata/tzdata2001d.zip
Updated timezone database from Arthur Olson.vendor/tzdata/tzdata2001d
PR: conf/31851
Diffstat (limited to 'share/zoneinfo/europe')
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/europe322
1 files changed, 291 insertions, 31 deletions
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/europe b/share/zoneinfo/europe
index 43b4af392a6b..b87e31526de4 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/europe
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/europe
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)europe 7.78
+# @(#)europe 7.80
# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
#
-# Gwillim Law <Gwil_Law@bridge-point.com> writes that a good source
+# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
@@ -41,7 +41,10 @@
# 0:00 GMT BST Greenwich, British Summer
# 0:00 GMT IST Greenwich, Irish Summer
# 0:00 WET WEST Western Europe
+# 0:19:32 AMT NST Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)*
+# 0:20 NET NEST Netherlands (1937-1940)*
# 1:00 CET CEST Central Europe
+# 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)*
# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe
# 3:00 MSK MSD Moscow
#
@@ -203,7 +206,7 @@
# (Lords Hansard 11 June 1997 columns 964 to 976)
# </a>.
-# From Paul Eggert (2000-02-17):
+# From Paul Eggert (2001-07-18):
#
# For lack of other data, we'll follow Shanks for Eire in 1940-1948.
#
@@ -231,6 +234,12 @@
#
#
# Whitman says Dublin Mean Time was -0:25:21, which is more precise than Shanks.
+# Perhaps this was Dunsink Observatory Time, as Dunsink Observatory
+# (8 km NW of Dublin's center) seemingly was to Dublin as Greenwich was
+# to London. For example:
+#
+# "Timeball on the ballast office is down. Dunsink time."
+# -- James Joyce, Ulysses
# From Paul Eggert (1999-03-28):
# Clive Feather (<news:859845706.26043.0@office.demon.net>, 1997-03-31)
@@ -371,14 +380,14 @@ Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
0:00 EU GMT/BST
Zone Europe/Belfast -0:23:40 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
- -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin MT
+ -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin/Dunsink MT
-0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s # Irish Summer Time
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
0:00 EU GMT/BST
-Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:21 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
- -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin MT
+Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
+ -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00
-0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6 # independence
0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00
@@ -725,12 +734,36 @@ Zone Atlantic/Faeroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Torshavn
# used C-Eur rules after 1980, but IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says they use EU
# rules since at least 1991. Assume EU rules since 1980.
+# From Gwillin Law (2001-06-06), citing
+# <http://www.statkart.no/efs/efshefter/2001/efs5-2001.pdf> (2001-03-15),
+# and with translations corrected by Steffen Thorsen:
+#
+# Greenland has four local times, and the relation to UTC
+# is according to the following time line:
+#
+# The military zone near Thule UTC-4
+# Standard Greenland time UTC-3
+# Scoresbysund UTC-1
+# Danmarkshavn UTC
+#
+# In the military area near Thule and in Danmarkshavn DST will not be
+# introduced.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2001-09-29):
+# The 1997 CIA map shows Danmarkshavn on GMT; the 1995 map as like Godthab.
+# For lack of better info, assume they were like Godthab before 1996.
+# The 2000 IATA shows Thule as observing DST, so assume they stopped in 2001.
+
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Thule 1993 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Thule 1993 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Thule 1993 2000 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Thule 1993 2000 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
+Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28
+ -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
+ -3:00 EU WG%sT 1996
+ 0:00 - GMT
Zone America/Scoresbysund -1:29:00 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Ittoqqortoormiit
-2:00 - CGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
-2:00 C-Eur CG%sT 1981 Mar 29
@@ -1078,7 +1111,7 @@ Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:27:24 - LMT 1837
#
# From Paul Eggert (2001-03-06):
# Sicily and Sardinia each had their own time zones from 1866 to 1893,
-# called ``Palermo Time'' (+0053) and ``Cagliari Time'' (+0038).
+# called Palermo Time (+00:53:28) and Cagliari Time (+00:36:32).
# During World War II, German-controlled Italy used German time.
# But these events all occurred before the 1970 cutoff,
# so record only the time in Rome.
@@ -1371,22 +1404,59 @@ Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Netherlands
+
# Howse writes that the Netherlands' railways used GMT between 1892 and 1940,
# but for other purposes the Netherlands used Amsterdam mean time.
-# The data before 1945 is taken from
+
+# However, Robert H. van Gent writes (2001-04-01):
+# Howse's statement is only correct up to 1909. From 1909-05-01 (00:00:00
+# Amsterdam mean time) onwards, the whole of the Netherlands (including
+# the Dutch railways) was required by law to observe Amsterdam mean time
+# (19 minutes 32.13 seconds ahead of GMT). This had already been the
+# common practice (except for the railways) for many decades but it was
+# not until 1909 when the Dutch government finally defined this by law.
+# On 1937-07-01 this was changed to 20 minutes (exactly) ahead of GMT and
+# was generally known as Dutch Time ("Nederlandse Tijd").
+#
+# (2001-04-08):
+# 1892-05-01 was the date when the Dutch railways were by law required to
+# observe GMT while the remainder of the Netherlands adhered to the common
+# practice of following Amsterdam mean time.
+#
+# (2001-04-09):
+# In 1835 the authorities of the province of North Holland requested the
+# municipal authorities of the towns and cities in the province to observe
+# Amsterdam mean time but I do not know in how many cases this request was
+# actually followed.
+#
+# From 1852 onwards the Dutch telegraph offices were by law required to
+# observe Amsterdam mean time. As the time signals from the observatory of
+# Leiden were also distributed by the telegraph system, I assume that most
+# places linked up with the telegraph (and railway) system automatically
+# adopted Amsterdam mean time.
+#
+# Although the early Dutch railway companies initially observed a variety
+# of times, most of them had adopted Amsterdam mean time by 1858 but it
+# was not until 1866 when they were all required by law to observe
+# Amsterdam mean time.
+
+# The data before 1945 are taken from
# <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/wettijd/wettijd.htm>.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Neth 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 NST # Netherlands Summer Time
Rule Neth 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 AMT # Amsterdam Mean Time
Rule Neth 1917 only - Apr 16 2:00s 1:00 NST
Rule Neth 1917 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 AMT
Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00s 1:00 NST
-Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 AMT
+Rule Neth 1918 1921 - Sep lastMon 2:00s 0 AMT
Rule Neth 1922 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 NST
Rule Neth 1922 1936 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 AMT
Rule Neth 1923 only - Jun Fri>=1 2:00s 1:00 NST
Rule Neth 1924 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 NST
Rule Neth 1925 only - Jun Fri>=1 2:00s 1:00 NST
+# From 1926 through 1939 DST began 05-15, except that it was delayed by a week
+# in years when 05-15 fell in the Pentecost weekend.
Rule Neth 1926 1931 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 NST
Rule Neth 1932 only - May 22 2:00s 1:00 NST
Rule Neth 1933 1936 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 NST
@@ -1396,10 +1466,13 @@ Rule Neth 1937 1939 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00s 0 -
Rule Neth 1938 1939 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Neth 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -
+#
+# Amsterdam Mean Time was +00:19:32.13 exactly, but the .13 is omitted
+# below because the current format requires GMTOFF to be an integer.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:28 - LMT 1892 May
- 0:19:28 Neth %s 1937 Jul
- 0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 17 0:00
+Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835
+ 0:19:32 Neth %s 1937 Jul 1
+ 0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 16 0:00 # Dutch Time
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Neth CE%sT 1977
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1417,17 +1490,62 @@ Rule Norway 1959 1964 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Norway 1959 1965 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00s 0 -
Rule Norway 1965 only - Apr 25 2:00s 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895
+Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895 Jan 1
1:00 Norway CE%sT 1940 Aug 10 23:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Norway CE%sT 1980
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Svalbard & Jan Mayen
+
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2001-05-01):
+# Although I could not find it explicitly, it seems that Jan Mayen and
+# Svalbard have been using the same time as Norway at least since the
+# time they were declared as parts of Norway. Svalbard was declared
+# as a part of Norway by law of 1925-07-17 no 11, section 4 and Jan
+# Mayen by law of 1930-02-27 no 2, section 2. (From
+# http://www.lovdata.no/all/nl-19250717-011.html and
+# http://www.lovdata.no/all/nl-19300227-002.html). The law/regulation
+# for normal/standard time in Norway is from 1894-06-29 no 1 (came
+# into operation on 1895-01-01) and Svalbard/Jan Mayen seem to be a
+# part of this law since 1925/1930. (From
+# http://www.lovdata.no/all/nl-18940629-001.html ) I have not been
+# able to find if Jan Mayen used a different time zone (e.g. -0100)
+# before 1930. Jan Mayen has only been "inhabitated" since 1921 by
+# Norwegian meteorologists and maybe used the same time as Norway ever
+# since 1921. Svalbard (Arctic/Longyearbyen) has been inhabited since
+# before 1895, and therefore probably changed the local time somewhere
+# between 1895 and 1925 (inclusive).
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-01):
+#
+# Actually, Jan Mayen was never occupied by Germany during World War II,
+# so it must have diverged from Oslo time during the war, as Olso was
+# keeping Berlin time.
+#
+# <http://home.no.net/janmayen/history.htm> says that the meteorologists
+# burned down their station in 1940 and left the island, but returned in
+# 1941 with a small Norwegian garrison and continued operations despite
+# frequent air ttacks from Germans. In 1943 the Americans established a
+# radiolocating station on the island, called "Atlantic City". Possibly
+# the UTC offset changed during the war, but I think it unlikely that
+# Jan Mayen used German daylight-saving rules.
+#
+# Svalbard is more complicated, as it was raided in August 1941 by an
+# Allied party that evacuated the civilian population to England (says
+# <http://www.bartleby.com/65/sv/Svalbard.html>). The Svalbard FAQ
+# <http://www.svalbard.com/SvalbardFAQ.html> says that the Germans were
+# expelled on 1942-05-14. However, small parties of Germans did return,
+# and according to Wilhelm Dege's book "War North of 80" (1954)
+# <http://www.utpress.utoronto.ca/publishing/rights/dege_warnorthof80.htm>
+# the German armed forces at the Svalbard weather station code-named
+# Haudegen did not surrender to the Allies until September 1945.
+#
+# All these events predate our cutoff date of 1970. Unless we can
+# come up with more definitive info about the timekeeping during the
+# war years it's probably best just do do the following for now:
Link Europe/Oslo Arctic/Longyearbyen
-# From Whitman:
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Atlantic/Jan_Mayen -1:00 - EGT
+Link Europe/Oslo Atlantic/Jan_Mayen
# Poland
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1571,14 +1689,14 @@ Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:32 - LMT 1884
1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u
0:00 EU WE%sT
Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada
- -1:55 - HMT 1911 May 24 # Horta Mean Time
+ -1:54:32 - HMT 1911 May 24 # Horta Mean Time
-2:00 Port AZO%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Azores Time
-1:00 Port AZO%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
-1:00 W-Eur AZO%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
0:00 EU WE%sT 1993 Mar 28 1:00u
-1:00 EU AZO%sT
Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal
- -1:08 - FMT 1911 May 24 # Funchal Mean Time
+ -1:07:36 - FMT 1911 May 24 # Funchal Mean Time
-1:00 Port MAD%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Madeira Time
0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
0:00 EU WE%sT
@@ -1619,6 +1737,12 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks, except we follow
# Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.
#
+# From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski <S.A.Kuz@iae.nsk.su> (1994-06-29):
+# But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!
+# I do not know why they have decided to make this change;
+# as far as I remember it was done exactly during winter->summer switching
+# so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.
+#
# From Andrey A. Chernov <ache@nagual.ru> (1996-10-04):
# `MSK' and `MSD' were born and used initially on Moscow computers with
# Unix-like OSes by several developer groups (e.g. Demos group, Kiae group)....
@@ -1637,12 +1761,44 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# the rest of Russia for two weeks--even soldiers stationed here began
# enforcing curfew at the wrong time.
#
+# From Gwillim Law (2001-06-05):
+# There's considerable evidence that Sakhalin Island used to be in
+# UTC+11, and has changed to UTC+10, in this decade. I start with the
+# SSIM, which listed Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk in zone RU10 along with Magadan
+# until February 1997, and then in RU9 with Khabarovsk and Vladivostok
+# since September 1997.... Although the Kuril Islands are
+# administratively part of Sakhalin oblast', they appear to have
+# remained on UTC+11 along with Magadan.
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
+#
+# Kaliningradskaya oblast'.
+Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
2:00 Poland CE%sT 1946
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2:00 Russia EE%sT
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Respublika Adygeya, Arkhangel'skaya oblast', Astrakhanskaya oblast',
+# Belgorodskaya oblast', Bryanskaya oblast', Vladimirskaya oblast',
+# Volgogradskaya oblast', Vologodskaya oblast', Voronezhskaya oblast',
+# Respublika Dagestan, Ivanovskaya oblast', Respublika Ingushetiya,
+# Kabarbino-Balkarskaya Respublika, Respublika Kalmykiya,
+# Kalyzhskaya oblast', Respublika Karachaevo-Cherkessiya,
+# Respublika Kareliya, Kirovskaya oblast', Respublika Komi,
+# Kostromskaya oblast', Krasnodarskij kraj, Kurskaya oblast',
+# Leningradskaya oblast', Lipetskaya oblast', Respublika Marij El,
+# Respublika Mordoviya, Moskva, Moskovskaya oblast',
+# Murmanskaya oblast', Nenetskij avtonomnyj okrug,
+# Nizhegorodskaya oblast', Novgorodskaya oblast', Orlovskaya oblast',
+# Penzenskaya oblast', Pskovskaya oblast', Rostovskaya oblast',
+# Ryazanskaya oblast', Sankt-Peterburg, Saratovskaya oblast',
+# Respublika Severnaya Osetiya, Smolenskaya oblast',
+# Stavropol'skij kraj, Tambovskaya oblast', Respublika Tatarstan,
+# Tverskaya oblast', Tyl'skaya oblast', Ul'yanovskaya oblast',
+# Chechenskaya Respublika, Chuvashskaya oblast',
+# Yaroslavskaya oblast'
Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:20 - LMT 1880
2:30 - MMT 1916 Jul 3 # Moscow Mean Time
2:30:48 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00
@@ -1651,6 +1807,9 @@ Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:20 - LMT 1880
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Samarskaya oblast', Udmyrtskaya respublika
Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
3:00 - KUYT 1930 Jun 21 # Kuybyshev
4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
@@ -1658,59 +1817,115 @@ Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
2:00 Russia KUY%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
3:00 - KUYT 1991 Oct 20 3:00
4:00 Russia SAM%sT # Samara Time
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Respublika Bashkortostan, Komi-Permyatskij avtonomnyj okrug,
+# Kurganskaya oblast', Orenburgskaya oblast', Permskaya oblast',
+# Sverdlovskaya oblast', Tyumenskaya oblast',
+# Khanty-Manskijskij avtonomnyj okrug, Chelyabinskaya oblast',
+# Yamalo-Nenetskij avtonomnyj okrug.
Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:24 - LMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00
4:00 - SVET 1930 Jun 21 # Sverdlovsk Time
5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
5:00 Russia YEK%sT # Yekaterinburg Time
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Respublika Altaj, Altajskij kraj, Omskaya oblast'.
Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:36 - LMT 1919 Nov 14
5:00 - OMST 1930 Jun 21 # Omsk TIme
6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
6:00 Russia OMS%sT
-# From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski <S.A.Kuz@iae.nsk.su> (1994-06-29):
-# But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!
-# I do not know why they have decided to make this change;
-# as far as I remember it was done exactly during winter->summer switching
-# so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.
+#
+# Novosibirskaya oblast'.
Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
6:00 - NOVT 1930 Jun 21 # Novosibirsk Time
7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1993 May 23 # says Shanks
6:00 Russia NOV%sT
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Kemerovskaya oblast', Krasnoyarskij kraj,
+# Tajmyrskij (Dolgano-Nenetskij) avtonomnyj okrug, Tomskaya oblast',
+# Respublika Tuva, Respublika Khakasiya, Evenkijskij avtonomnyj okrug.
Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:20 - LMT 1920 Jan 6
6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time
7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
7:00 Russia KRA%sT
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Respublika Buryatiya, Irkutskaya oblast',
+# Ust'-Ordynskij Buryatskij avtonomnyj okrug.
Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:20 - LMT 1880
6:57:20 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time
7:00 - IRKT 1930 Jun 21 # Irkutsk Time
8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
8:00 Russia IRK%sT
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Aginskij Buryatskij avtonomnyj okrug, Amurskaya oblast',
+# [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya), Chitinskaya oblast'.
+#
+# From Alan Pritchard (2001-08-24): [The Sakha districts are:]
+# Aldansky, Amginsky, Anabarsky, Bulunsky, Churapchinsky,
+# Eveno-Bytantaisky, Gorny, Khangalassky, Kobyaisky, Lensky,
+# Megino-Kangalassky, Mirninsky, Namsky, Nyurbinsky, Olenyoksky,
+# Olyokminsky, Srednekolymsky, Suntarsky, Tattinsky, Ust-Aldansky,
+# Verkhnekolymsky, Verkhnevilyuisky, Vilyuisky, Zhigansky.
Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
9:00 Russia YAK%sT
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Evrejskaya avtonomnaya oblast', Khabarovskij kraj, Primorskij kraj,
+# [parts of] Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
+#
+# From Alan Pritchard (2001-08-24): [The Sakha districts are:]
+# Tomponsky, Ust-Maisky, Ust-Yansky, Verkhoyansky.
Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:44 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
9:00 - VLAT 1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
9:00 Russia VLA%sST 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
10:00 Russia VLA%sT
+#
+# Sakhalinskaya oblast'.
+# The Zone name should be Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
+Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23
+ 9:00 - CJT 1938
+ 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 25
+ 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T.
+ 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia SAK%sT
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Magadanskaya oblast', Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya).
+#
+# From Alan Pritchard (2001-08-24): [The Sakha districts are:]
+# Abyisky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Oimyakonsky.
Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
11:00 Russia MAG%sT
-# This name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, but that's too long.
+#
+# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
+# Kamchatskaya oblast', Koryakskij avtonomnyj okrug.
+#
+# The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, but that's too long.
Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10
11:00 - PETT 1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time
12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
12:00 Russia PET%sT
+#
+# Chukotskij avtonomnyj okrug
Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2
12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time
13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s
@@ -1795,11 +2010,56 @@ Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C.
# Ignore this for now, as the Canaries are part of the EU.
# Sweden
+
+# From Ivan Nilsson (2001-04-13), superseding Shanks:
+#
+# The law "Svensk forfattningssamling 1878, no 14" about standard time in 1879:
+# From the beginning of 1879 (that is 01-01 00:00) the time for all
+# places in the country is "the mean solar time for the meridian at
+# three degrees, or twelve minutes of time, to the west of the
+# meridian of the Observatory of Stockholm". The law is dated 1878-05-31.
+#
+# The observatory at that time had the meridian 18 degrees 03' 30"
+# eastern longitude = 01:12:14 in time. Less 12 minutes gives the
+# national standard time as 01:00:14 ahead of GMT....
+#
+# About the beginning of CET in Sweden. The lawtext ("Svensk
+# forfattningssamling 1899, no 44") states, that "from the beginning
+# of 1900... ... the same as the mean solar time for the meridian at
+# the distance of one hour of time from the meridian of the English
+# observatory at Greenwich, or at 12 minutes 14 seconds to the west
+# from the meridian of the Observatory of Stockholm". The law is dated
+# 1899-06-16. In short: At 1900-01-01 00:00:00 the new standard time
+# in Sweden is 01:00:00 ahead of GMT.
+#
+# 1916: The lawtext ("Svensk forfattningssamling 1916, no 124") states
+# that "1916-05-15 is considered to begin one hour earlier". It is
+# pretty obvious that at 05-14 23:00 the clocks are set to 05-15 00:00....
+# Further the law says, that "1916-09-30 is considered to end one hour later".
+#
+# The laws regulating [DST] are available on the site of the Swedish
+# Parliament beginning with 1985 - the laws regulating 1980/1984 are
+# not available on the site (to my knowledge they are only available
+# in Swedish): <http://www.riksdagen.se/english/work/sfst.asp> (type
+# "sommartid" without the quotes in the field "Fritext" and then click
+# the Sok-button).
+#
+# (2001-05-13):
+#
+# I have now found a newspaper stating that at 1916-10-01 01:00
+# summertime the church-clocks etc were set back one hour to show
+# 1916-10-01 00:00 standard time. The article also reports that some
+# people thought the switch to standard time would take place already
+# at 1916-10-01 00:00 summer time, but they had to wait for another
+# hour before the event took place.
+#
+# Source: The newspaper "Dagens Nyheter", 1916-10-01, page 7 upper left.
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1878 May 31
- 1:12:12 - SMT 1900 Jan 1 1:00 # Stockholm MT
- 1:00 - CET 1916 Apr 14 23:00s
- 1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Sep 30 23:00s
+Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1
+ 1:00:14 - SET 1900 Jan 1 # Swedish Time
+ 1:00 - CET 1916 May 14 23:00
+ 1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Oct 1 01:00
1:00 - CET 1980
1:00 EU CE%sT