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authorGarrett Wollman <wollman@FreeBSD.org>1996-07-17 19:27:18 +0000
committerGarrett Wollman <wollman@FreeBSD.org>1996-07-17 19:27:18 +0000
commit45ba141cad828107964a6f487ca93845c2f34f5a (patch)
tree90b1b33b56b06a0f494c1424b9d29a27532f99f4 /share/zoneinfo/europe
parent36cb3404b65b0215c21bc0485d3c2a03efec1609 (diff)
downloadsrc-45ba141cad828107964a6f487ca93845c2f34f5a.tar.gz
src-45ba141cad828107964a6f487ca93845c2f34f5a.zip
New timezone data files from Arthur Olson. These files are in
the public domain. More descriptions will follow when they are merged onto the main branch.
Notes
Notes: svn path=/vendor/tzdata/dist/; revision=17198
Diffstat (limited to 'share/zoneinfo/europe')
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/europe289
1 files changed, 166 insertions, 123 deletions
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/europe b/share/zoneinfo/europe
index b11fe6261255..ce66e8ab5876 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/europe
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/europe
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)europe 7.32
+# @(#)europe 7.38
# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@
# 5:00 ESK ESD Yekaterinburg (was 4:00) (was SSK, SSD)*
# 6:00 OSK OSD Omsk (was 5:00)*
# 6:00 NSK NSD Novosibirsk (was 7:00)
-# 7:00 TSK TSD Tomsk (was 6:00)*
+# 7:00 KRSK KRSD Krasnoyarsk (was 6:00)
# 8:00 ISK ISD Irkutsk (was 7:00)*
# 9:00 YSK YSD Yakutsk (was 8:00)*
# 10:00 VSK VSD Vladivostok (was 9:00)*
@@ -125,6 +125,15 @@
# transition date for London, namely 1847 Sep 22. We don't know as much
# about Dublin, so we use 1880 Aug 2, the legal transition time.
+# From Paul Eggert (1996-06-12):
+# Summer Time was first seriously proposed by William Willett (1857-1915),
+# a London builder who circulated a pamphlet ``Waste of Daylight'' (1907)
+# that proposed advancing clocks 20 minutes on each of four Sundays in April,
+# and retarding them by the same amount on four Sundays in September.
+# A bill was drafted in 1909 and introduced in Parliament several times,
+# but it met with ridicule and opposition, especially from farming interests.
+# One-hour Summer Time was eventually adopted as a wartime measure in 1916.
+
# From Arthur David Olson (January 19, 1989):
#
# A source at the British Information Office in New York avers that it's
@@ -418,6 +427,22 @@
# who provided the wartime regulations and a snippet of Hansard explaining
# why double summer time started on a Monday in 1945 (it was Easter).
+# From Peter Ilieve <peter@aldie.co.uk> (1996-05-29):
+# I have now got a copy of the British Standard Time Act 1968.
+# It says (S4(2)) that it expires at 02:00 GMT on 31 October 1971 unless
+# an Order in Council was passed in Parliament to make the Act permanent.
+# No Order was passed, so 02:00 1971-10-31 it is...
+#
+# Interestingly, it says baldly `This Act shall come into force on
+# 27 October 1968', without giving a time. As S1 of the Act merely
+# stated that `The time for general purposes in the United Kingdom
+# (to be known as British standard time) shall be one hour in
+# advance of Greenwich mean time throughout the year; ...' you could
+# possibly argue that the start time of BStandardT was 00:00 1968-10-27,
+# especially as the Act repealed the Summer Time Acts 1916--1947 in toto,
+# thereby destroying the authority of the Summer Time Order specifying
+# summer time in 1968....
+
# From Peter Ilieve <peter@memex.co.uk> (November 18, 1993)
#
# Here is a revised version of my tabrules file for the perl script I sent
@@ -600,6 +625,11 @@
# 1995-97 is now in place. The Summer Time Order 1994 (SI 1994/2798)
# came into force on 16 November. It restates the dates from the EC
# seventh Summer Time Directive....
+#
+# From Peter Ilieve <peter@aldie.co.uk> (1996-04-20):
+# Proposals for the eighth directive were supposed to have been produced
+# by the Commission by 1 Jan 96. They have not yet appeared (I asked just
+# before Easter).
# From Peter Ilieve <peter@memex.co.uk> (March 28, 1994):
# The [GB-Eire] end date of 22 October [1995] conflicts with your current rule
@@ -612,7 +642,7 @@
# To maintain strict historical accuracy you could start a new UK ending rule
# of Oct Sun>=22 in 1990.
-# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (November 18, 1993):
+# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (1996-06-12):
#
# As Ilieve remarks, the date `20 April 1924' in the table of ``Summer Time: A
# Consultation Document'' (Cm 722, 1989) table is a transcription error;
@@ -632,17 +662,29 @@
# It actually just had one transition.
# * Northern Ireland used single daylight savings time throughout WW II.
# Actually, it conformed to Britain.
+# * GB-Eire changed standard time to 1 hour ahead of GMT on 1968-02-18.
+# Actually, that date saw the usual switch to summer time.
+# Standard time was not changed until 1968-10-27 (the clocks didn't change).
#
-# The following claim by Shanks is possible though doubtful;
-# we'll ignore it for now.
+# The following claims by Shanks are possible though doubtful;
+# we'll ignore them for now.
# * Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man did not switch from GMT
# to daylight savings time until 1921 Apr 3, when they began to
# conform with Great Britain.
+# * Dublin's 1971-10-31 switch was at 02:00, even though London's was 03:00.
+#
#
# Whitman says Dublin Mean Time was -0:25:21, which is more precise than Shanks.
+# From an anonymous contributor (1996-06-02):
+# The law governing time in Ireland is under Statutory Instrument SI 395/94,
+# which gives force to European Union 7th Council Directive # 94/21/EC.
+# Under this directive, the Minister for Justice in Ireland makes appropriate
+# regulations. I spoke this morning with the Secretary of the Department of
+# Justice (tel +353 1 678 9711) who confirmed to me that the correct name is
+# "Irish Summer Time", abbreviated to "IST".
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule GB-Eire 1847 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 GMT
# 1916 to 1925--irregular
Rule GB-Eire 1916 only - May 21 2:00s 1:00 BST
Rule GB-Eire 1916 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 GMT
@@ -706,61 +748,61 @@ Rule GB-Eire 1958 1959 - Apr Sun>=16 2:00s 1:00 BST
Rule GB-Eire 1960 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 BST
Rule GB-Eire 1961 1963 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 BST
Rule GB-Eire 1964 1967 - Mar Sun>=19 2:00s 1:00 BST
+Rule GB-Eire 1968 only - Feb 18 2:00s 1:00 BST
Rule GB-Eire 1972 1980 - Mar Sun>=16 2:00s 1:00 BST
# 1953 to 1980, ending rules
Rule GB-Eire 1953 1960 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 GMT
-Rule GB-Eire 1961 1967 - Oct Sun>=23 2:00s 0 GMT
-Rule GB-Eire 1971 only - Oct 31 3:00 0 GMT
+Rule GB-Eire 1961 1968 - Oct Sun>=23 2:00s 0 GMT
Rule GB-Eire 1972 1980 - Oct Sun>=23 2:00s 0 GMT
# 1981 on
Rule GB-Eire 1981 1995 - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 BST
Rule GB-Eire 1981 1989 - Oct Sun>=23 1:00u 0 GMT
Rule GB-Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u 0 GMT
-# See EC for rules starting in 1996.
+# See EU for rules starting in 1996.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Sep 22
- 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Feb 18 2:00
- 1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00
+ 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
+ 1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
- 0:00 EC GMT/BST
+ 0:00 EU GMT/BST
Zone Europe/Belfast -0:23:40 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
-0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin MT
-0:25:21 1:00 DST 1916 Oct 1 3:00
- 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Feb 18 2:00
- 1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 3:00
+ 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
+ 1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
- 0:00 EC GMT/BST
+ 0:00 EU GMT/BST
Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:21 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
-0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin MT
-0:25:21 1:00 DST 1916 Oct 1 3:00
- 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1940 Feb 25 2:00
- 0:00 1:00 BST 1946 Oct 6 2:00
+ 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6
+ 0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00
+ 0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00
0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00
- 0:00 1:00 BST 1947 Nov 2 2:00
+ 0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00
0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00
- 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Feb 18 2:00
- 1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 3:00
- 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
- 0:00 EC GMT/BST
+ 0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1968 Oct 27
+ 1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
+ 0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1996
+ 0:00 EU GMT/IST
###############################################################################
# Continental Europe
-# EC rules are for the European Community.
+# EU rules are for the European Union, previously known as the EC, EEC,
+# Common Market, etc.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule EC 1800 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
-Rule EC 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00u 1:00 " DST"
-Rule EC 1977 only - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -
-Rule EC 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00u 0 -
-Rule EC 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -
-Rule EC 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 " DST"
-Rule EC 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -
-
-# W-Eur differs from EC only in that W-Eur uses standard time.
-Rule W-Eur 1800 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
+Rule EU 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00u 1:00 " DST"
+Rule EU 1977 only - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -
+Rule EU 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00u 0 -
+Rule EU 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -
+Rule EU 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 " DST"
+Rule EU 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -
+
+# W-Eur differs from EU only in that W-Eur uses standard time.
Rule W-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule W-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -
Rule W-Eur 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00s 0 -
@@ -769,18 +811,13 @@ Rule W-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule W-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 -
# Older M-Eur rules are for convenience in the tables.
-# From 1977 on, M-Eur differs from EC only in that M-Eur uses standard time.
-Rule M-Eur 1800 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
+# From 1977 on, M-Eur differs from EU only in that M-Eur uses standard time.
Rule M-Eur 1916 only - Apr 30 23:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule M-Eur 1916 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
Rule M-Eur 1917 1918 - Apr Mon>=15 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule M-Eur 1917 1918 - Sep Mon>=15 2:00s 0 -
Rule M-Eur 1940 only - Apr 1 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
-# Shanks says DST was continuous from 1940 Apr 1 to 1942 Nov 2; go with Whitman.
-Rule M-Eur 1940 only - Dec 31 2:00s 0 -
-Rule M-Eur 1941 only - Feb 25 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
-Rule M-Eur 1941 only - Oct 5 2:00s 0 -
-Rule M-Eur 1942 only - Jan 1 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
+# Whitman says 1941 DST was only from Feb 25 to Oct 5; go with Shanks.
Rule M-Eur 1942 only - Nov 2 2:00s 0 -
Rule M-Eur 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule M-Eur 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00s 0 -
@@ -795,7 +832,6 @@ Rule M-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule M-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Russia 1880 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 -
Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 " DDST"
@@ -818,9 +854,9 @@ Rule Russia 1985 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D
# These are for backward compatibility with older versions.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone WET 0:00 EC WET%s
+Zone WET 0:00 EU WET%s
Zone MET 1:00 M-Eur MET%s
-Zone EET 2:00 EC EET%s
+Zone EET 2:00 EU EET%s
# Tom Hoffman says that MET is also known as Central European Time
@@ -859,18 +895,17 @@ Zone Europe/Tirane 1:19:20 - LMT 1914
1:00 - MET 1940 Jun 16
1:00 Albania MET%s 1985 Mar 31 1:00
1:00 W-Eur MET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Andorra
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Andorra 0:06:04 - LMT 1901
0:00 - WET 1946 Sep 30
1:00 - MET 1985 Mar 31 2:00
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Austria
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Austria 1918 only - Jun 16 3:00 0 -
Rule Austria 1920 only - Apr 5 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule Austria 1920 only - Sep 13 2:00s 0 -
Rule Austria 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
@@ -885,7 +920,7 @@ Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:20 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 Austria MET%s 1940 Apr 1 2:00
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Austria MET%s 1981
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Belarus
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -896,7 +931,7 @@ Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880
3:00 Russia MS%s 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2:00 1:00 "EET DST" 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Belgium
# Whitman and Shanks disagree; go with Shanks, usually.
@@ -944,7 +979,7 @@ Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:20 - LMT 1880
0:00 Belgium WET%s 1940 Feb 24 23:00
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Belgium MET%s 1977
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Bosnia and Herzegovina
# They switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar on 1918 Mar 18.
@@ -954,7 +989,7 @@ Zone Europe/Sarajevo 1:13:40 - LMT 1884
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 "MET DST" 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - MET 1983
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Bulgaria
# Part switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar on 1915 Nov 14;
@@ -973,7 +1008,7 @@ Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880
2:00 - EET 1979 Mar 31 23:00
2:00 Bulg EET%s 1982 Sep 26 2:00
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Croatia
# They switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar on 1918 Mar 18.
@@ -983,11 +1018,10 @@ Zone Europe/Zagreb 1:03:52 - LMT 1884
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 "MET DST" 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - MET 1983
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Czech Republic
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Czech 1944 only - Sep 17 2:00s 0 -
Rule Czech 1945 only - Apr 8 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule Czech 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -
Rule Czech 1946 only - May 6 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
@@ -1000,7 +1034,7 @@ Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850
0:58 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1944 Sep 17 2:00s
1:00 Czech MET%s 1979
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Denmark
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1025,10 +1059,10 @@ Zone Europe/Copenhagen 0:50:20 - LMT 1890
1:00 Denmark MET%s 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Denmark MET%s 1980
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
Zone Atlantic/Faeroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Torshavn
0:00 - WET 1981
- 0:00 EC WET%s
+ 0:00 EU WET%s
Zone America/Scoresbysund -1:29:00 - LMT 1916 Jul 28
-2:00 - MGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
-2:00 M-Eur MGT%s 1981 Mar 29
@@ -1057,7 +1091,7 @@ Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880
3:00 Russia MS%s 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
2:00 1:00 "EET DST" 1989 Sep 24 2:00s
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Finland
#
@@ -1070,20 +1104,18 @@ Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880
# Go with Strang instead.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Finland 1921 only - May 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Finland 1942 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Finland 1942 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Helsinki 1:39:52 - LMT 1878 May 31
1:40 - HMT 1921 May # Helsinki Mean Time
2:00 Finland EET%s 1981 Mar 29 2:00
- 2:00 EC EET%s
+ 2:00 EU EET%s
# France
# Shanks seems to use `24:00' ambiguously; we resolve it with Whitman.
# From Shanks (1991):
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule France 1911 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
Rule France 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule France 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Rule France 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 " DST"
@@ -1139,7 +1171,7 @@ Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1944 Aug 25
0:00 France WET%s 1945 Sep 16 3:00
1:00 France MET%s 1977
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Germany
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1159,21 +1191,20 @@ Rule Germany 1949 only - Apr 10 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Germany MET%s 1980
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Gibraltar
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00
1:00 - MET 1982
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Greece
# They adopted the Julian calendar in 1846.
# Part switched to the Gregorian calendar on 1916 Jul 28.
# The rest switched on 1920 Mar 18.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Greece 1916 only - July 28 0:01 0 -
# Whitman gives 1932 Jul 5 - Nov 1; go with Shanks.
Rule Greece 1932 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Greece 1932 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -1204,12 +1235,13 @@ Zone Europe/Athens 1:34:52 - LMT 1895 Sep 14
1:00 Greece MET%s 1944 Apr 4
2:00 Greece EET%s 1981
# Shanks says they switched to M-Eur in 1981;
- # go with EC intead, since Greece joined it on Jan 1.
- 2:00 EC EET%s
+ # go with EU intead, since Greece joined it on Jan 1.
+ 2:00 EU EET%s
# Hungary
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Hungary 1918 only - Sep 29 2:00s 0 -
+Rule Hungary 1918 only - Apr 1 3:00 1:00 " DST"
+Rule Hungary 1918 only - Sep 29 3:00 0 -
Rule Hungary 1919 only - Apr 15 3:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Hungary 1919 only - Sep 15 3:00 0 -
Rule Hungary 1920 only - Apr 5 3:00 1:00 " DST"
@@ -1230,11 +1262,11 @@ Rule Hungary 1957 only - Sep lastSun 3:00 0 -
Rule Hungary 1980 only - Apr 6 1:00 1:00 " DST"
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Budapest 1:16:20 - LMT 1890 Oct
- 1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1918 Jul
+ 1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1918
1:00 Hungary MET%s 1941 Apr 6 2:00
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 May 1 23:00
1:00 Hungary MET%s 1980 Sep 28 2:00s
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Iceland
#
@@ -1272,7 +1304,6 @@ Zone Europe/Budapest 1:16:20 - LMT 1890 Oct
# Reykavik was -1:28 from 1837 to 1908, local mean time before that.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Iceland 1908 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 S
Rule Iceland 1917 1918 - Feb 19 23:00 1:00 D
Rule Iceland 1917 only - Oct 21 1:00 0 S
Rule Iceland 1918 only - Nov 16 1:00 0 S
@@ -1300,22 +1331,43 @@ Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:27:24 - LMT 1837
0:00 - GMT
# Italy
+# From Paul Eggert (1996-05-06):
+# For Italian DST we have three sources: Shanks, Whitman, and F. Pollastri
+# <URL:http://pisolo.cstv.to.cnr.it/toi/uk/ienitlt.html> (see `FP' below),
+# taken from a publication of the Italian National Electrotechnical Institute.
+# When the three sources disagree, guess who's right, as follows:
+#
+# year FP Shanks (S) Whitman (W) Go with:
+# 1916 06-03 06-03 24:00 06-03 00:00 FP & W
+# 09-30 09-30 24:00 09-30 01:00 FP; guess 24:00s
+# 1917 04-01 03-31 24:00 03-31 00:00 FP & S
+# 09-30 09-29 24:00 09-30 01:00 FP & W
+# 1918 03-09 03-09 24:00 03-09 00:00 FP & S
+# 10-06 10-05 24:00 10-06 01:00 FP & W
+# 1919 03-01 03-01 24:00 03-01 00:00 FP & S
+# 10-04 10-04 24:00 10-04 01:00 FP; guess 24:00s
+# 1920 03-20 03-20 24:00 03-20 00:00 FP & S
+# 09-18 09-18 24:00 10-01 01:00 FP; guess 24:00s
+# 1944 04-02 04-03 02:00 S (see M-Eur)
+# 09-16 10-02 03:00 FP; guess 24:00s
+# 1945 09-14 09-16 24:00 FP; guess 24:00s
+# 1970 05-21 05-31 00:00 S
+# 09-20 09-27 00:00 S
+#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Italy 1893 only - Nov 1 0:00s 0 S
-# Shanks gives transition times of 1916-1920 as 24:00; go with Whitman.
Rule Italy 1916 only - Jun 3 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
-Rule Italy 1916 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 -
-Rule Italy 1917 only - Mar 31 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
+Rule Italy 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
+Rule Italy 1917 only - Apr 1 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule Italy 1917 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 -
-Rule Italy 1918 only - Mar 9 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
+Rule Italy 1918 only - Mar 10 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule Italy 1918 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00s 0 -
-Rule Italy 1919 only - Mar 1 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
-Rule Italy 1920 only - Mar 20 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
-# Shanks gives 1920 Sep 18; go with Whitman.
-Rule Italy 1920 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
-Rule Italy 1940 only - Jun 15 0:00 1:00 " DST"
+Rule Italy 1919 only - Mar 2 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
+Rule Italy 1920 only - Mar 21 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
+Rule Italy 1920 only - Sep 19 0:00s 0 -
+Rule Italy 1940 only - Jun 15 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
+Rule Italy 1944 only - Sep 17 0:00s 0 -
Rule Italy 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00 1:00 " DST"
-Rule Italy 1945 only - Sep 17 0:00 0 -
+Rule Italy 1945 only - Sep 15 0:00s 0 -
Rule Italy 1946 only - Mar 17 2:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule Italy 1946 only - Oct 6 2:00s 0 -
Rule Italy 1947 only - Mar 16 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
@@ -1343,9 +1395,9 @@ Rule Italy 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 -
Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Sep 22
0:50 - RMT 1893 Nov # Rome Mean Time
1:00 Italy MET%s 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
- 1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00s
+ 1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1944 Jul
1:00 Italy MET%s 1980
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
Link Europe/Rome Europe/Vatican
Link Europe/Rome Europe/San_Marino
@@ -1364,13 +1416,13 @@ Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:24 - LMT 1880
3:00 Russia MS%s 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2:00 1:00 "EET DST" 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Liechtenstein
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Vaduz 0:38:04 - LMT 1894 Jun
1:00 - MET 1981
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Lithuania
# They switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar on 1918 Feb 15.
@@ -1386,12 +1438,11 @@ Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880
3:00 Russia MS%s 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2:00 1:00 "EET DST" 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Luxembourg
# Whitman disagrees with most of these dates in minor ways; go with Shanks.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Lux 1904 only - Jun 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Lux 1916 only - May 14 23:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Lux 1916 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
Rule Lux 1917 only - Apr 28 23:00 1:00 " DST"
@@ -1422,7 +1473,7 @@ Zone Europe/Luxembourg 0:24:36 - LMT 1904 Jun
0:00 Belgium WET%s 1940 May 14 3:00
1:00 M-Eur WET%s 1944 Sep 18 3:00
1:00 Belgium MET%s 1977
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Macedonia
# They switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar on 1918 Mar 18.
@@ -1432,7 +1483,7 @@ Zone Europe/Skopje 1:25:44 - LMT 1884
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 "MET DST" 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - MET 1983
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Malta
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1449,7 +1500,7 @@ Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 # Valletta
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00s
1:00 Italy MET%s 1973 Mar 31
1:00 Malta MET%s 1981
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Moldova
# They switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar on 1919 Mar 18.
@@ -1459,7 +1510,7 @@ Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1924 May 2
3:00 Russia MS%s 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
2:00 1:00 "EET DST" 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Monaco
# Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21.
@@ -1468,13 +1519,12 @@ Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15
0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
0:00 France WET%s 1945 Sep 16 3:00
1:00 France MET%s 1977
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Netherlands
# Howse writes that the Netherlands' railways used GMT between 1892 and 1940,
# but for other purposes the Netherlands used Amsterdam mean time.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Neth 1892 only - May 1 0:00 0 AMT
# Shanks gives 1916 May 1 0:00 and 1916 Oct 1 0:00; go with Whitman.
Rule Neth 1916 only - May 1 2:00s 1:00 NST
Rule Neth 1916 only - Oct 2 2:00s 0 AMT
@@ -1506,11 +1556,10 @@ Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:28 - LMT 1892 May
0:20 Neth %s 1940 May 16 0:40
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Neth MET%s 1977
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Norway
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Norway 1892 only - May 1 0:00 0 -
# Whitman gives 1916 May 21 - 1916 Oct 21; go with Shanks.
Rule Norway 1916 only - May 22 1:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Norway 1916 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
@@ -1528,7 +1577,7 @@ Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895
1:00 Norway MET%s 1940 Aug 10 23:00
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Norway MET%s 1980
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Svalbard is like Europe/Oslo.
#
# From Whitman:
@@ -1569,11 +1618,10 @@ Zone Europe/Warsaw 1:24:00 - LMT 1880
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1944 Oct
1:00 Poland MET%s 1977 Apr 3 1:00
1:00 W-Eur MET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Portugal
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Port 1911 only - May 24 0:00 0 -
Rule Port 1916 only - Jun 17 23:00 1:00 " DST"
# Whitman gives 1916 Oct 31; go with Shanks.
Rule Port 1916 only - Nov 1 1:00 0 -
@@ -1640,16 +1688,16 @@ Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:32 - LMT 1884
0:00 Port WET%s 1966 Apr 3 2:00
1:00 - MET 1976 Sep 26 1:00
0:00 Port WET%s 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
- 0:00 EC WET%s 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
+ 0:00 EU WET%s 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
# From Rui Pedro Salgueiro <rps@inescca.inescc.pt> (November 12, 1992):
# Portugal has recently (September, 27) changed timezone
# (from WET to MET or CET) to harmonize with EEC.
- 1:00 EC MET%s 1996 Mar 31 1:00u
+ 1:00 EU MET%s 1996 Mar 31 1:00u
# Martin Bruckmann <martin@ua.pt> (1996-02-29) reports via Peter Ilieve
# that Portugal is reverting to 0:00 by not moving its clocks this spring.
# The new Prime Minister was fed up with getting up in the dark in the winter.
- 0:00 - "WET DST" 1996 Oct 27 1:00u
- 0:00 EC WET%s
+ 0:00 1:00 "WET DST" 1996 Oct 27 1:00u
+ 0:00 EU WET%s
# We don't know what happened to Madeira or the Azores,
# so we'll just use Shanks for now.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -1664,13 +1712,12 @@ Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal
-1:00 Port ACT%s 1966 Apr 3 2:00
0:00 - WET 1977 Mar 27
0:00 Port WET%s 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
- 0:00 EC WET%s
+ 0:00 EU WET%s
# Romania
# Catholic Romania switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar on
# on 1919 Mar 18. Greek Orthodox Romania switched on 1920 Mar 18.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Romania 1931 only - Jul 24 0:00 0 -
Rule Romania 1932 only - May 21 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule Romania 1932 1939 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00s 0 -
Rule Romania 1933 1939 - Apr Sun>=2 0:00s 1:00 " DST"
@@ -1683,7 +1730,7 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
1:44 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT
2:00 Romania EET%s 1981 Mar 29 2:00s
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
# Russia
# From Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com> (May 28, 1994):
@@ -1730,7 +1777,6 @@ Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:36 - LMT 1924 May 2
# I do not know why they have decided to make this change;
# as far as I remember it was done exactly during winter->summer switching
# so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.
-# Tomsk is still 4 hours ahead of Moscow.
Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
6:00 - NSK 1957 Mar
7:00 Russia NS%s 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
@@ -1739,12 +1785,12 @@ Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
7:00 Russia NS%s 1994 Mar 27 2:00s
6:00 1:00 NSD 1994 Sep 25 2:00s
6:00 Russia NS%s
-Zone Asia/Tomsk 5:39:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 6:00 - TSK 1957 Mar
- 7:00 Russia TS%s 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 1:00 TSD 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
- 6:00 - TSK 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia TS%s
+Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:20 - LMT 1924 May 2
+ 6:00 - KRSK 1957 Mar
+ 7:00 Russia KRS%s 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 1:00 KRSD 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 6:00 - KRSK 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia KRS%s
Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:20 - LMT 1880
6:57 - LST 1924 May 2
7:00 - ISK 1957 Mar
@@ -1796,11 +1842,10 @@ Zone Europe/Ljubljana 0:58:04 - LMT 1884
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 "MET DST" 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - MET 1983
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Spain
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Spain 1901 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
# For 1917-1919 Whitman gives Apr Sat>=1 - Oct Sat>=1; go with Shanks.
Rule Spain 1917 only - May 5 23:00s 1:00 " DST"
Rule Spain 1917 1919 - Oct 6 23:00s 0 -
@@ -1842,12 +1887,12 @@ Rule Spain 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1901
0:00 Spain WET%s 1946 Sep 30
1:00 Spain MET%s 1979
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C.
-1:00 - ACT 1946 Sep 30 1:00
0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s
0:00 1:00 "WET DST" 1980 Sep 28 0:00s
- 0:00 EC WET%s
+ 0:00 EU WET%s
# Sweden
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -1856,7 +1901,7 @@ Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1878 May 31
1:00 - MET 1916 Apr 14 23:00s
1:00 1:00 "MET DST" 1916 Sep 30 23:00s
1:00 - MET 1980
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Switzerland
# From Howse (1988), p 82:
@@ -1864,7 +1909,6 @@ Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1878 May 31
# and their performance improved enormously. Communities began to keep
# mean time in preference to apparent time -- Geneva from 1780 ....
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Swiss 1894 only - Jun 1 0:00 0 -
# From Whitman (who writes ``Midnight?''):
Rule Swiss 1940 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Swiss 1940 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
@@ -1875,13 +1919,12 @@ Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1848 Sep 12
0:30 - SST 1894 Jun # Swiss Standard Time
1:00 Swiss MET%s 1981
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
# Turkey
# European Turkey switched to the Gregorian calendar in 1908.
# Asian Turkey switched in 1914.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Turkey 1910 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Turkey 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 " DST"
Rule Turkey 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Turkey 1920 only - Mar 28 0:00 1:00 " DST"
@@ -1941,7 +1984,7 @@ Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880
3:00 Turkey TUR%s 1985 Apr 20
2:00 Turkey EET%s 1986
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.
# Ukraine
@@ -1959,7 +2002,7 @@ Zone Europe/Kiev 2:02:04 - LMT 1880
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
3:00 Russia MS%s 1990 Jul 17
2:00 M-Eur EET%s
-# This may change to `EC' soon.
+# This may change to `EU' soon.
Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
2:08 Russia LST%s 1919 Jul 1 2:00
2:08 Ukraine LST%s 1924 May 2
@@ -1981,7 +2024,7 @@ Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884
1:00 M-Eur MET%s 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 "MET DST" 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - MET 1983
- 1:00 EC MET%s
+ 1:00 EU MET%s
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