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-rw-r--r--bin/pwait/pwait.12
-rw-r--r--bin/setfacl/setfacl.12
-rw-r--r--bin/sh/sh.12
-rw-r--r--games/pom/pom.62
-rw-r--r--lib/libbluetooth/bluetooth.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/gen/fts.36
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/gen/getpagesizes.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/gen/sysconf.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/locale/ctype.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/locale/ctype_l.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/locale/digittoint.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/locale/isalnum.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/locale/isalpha.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/locale/isblank.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/locale/iscntrl.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_bindx.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_connectx.38
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_freepaddrs.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_getaddrlen.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_getassocid.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_getpaddrs.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_opt_info.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_recvmsg.334
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_send.338
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sctp_sendmsg.334
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/net/sourcefilter.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/posix1e/acl_add_flag_np.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/posix1e/acl_create_entry.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/stdio/getline.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/stdlib/at_quick_exit.312
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/stdlib/getenv.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/string/memchr.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/cap_new.22
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/cpuset.28
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/cpuset_getaffinity.22
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/jail.24
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/kqueue.28
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/pathconf.22
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/ptrace.22
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/quotactl.24
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/sctp_generic_sendmsg.24
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/sctp_peeloff.22
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/select.22
-rw-r--r--lib/libc/sys/sendfile.22
-rw-r--r--lib/libelf/elf.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libelf/elf_getdata.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libfetch/fetch.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libgssapi/gss_release_buffer.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libgssapi/gss_release_oid_set.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libgssapi/mech.54
-rw-r--r--lib/libpam/modules/pam_nologin/pam_nologin.82
-rw-r--r--lib/libpmc/pmc.core.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libpmc/pmc.xscale.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libpmc/pmc_capabilities.32
-rw-r--r--lib/librpcsec_gss/rpc_gss_seccreate.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libtacplus/libtacplus.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libulog/utempter_add_record.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libusb/libusb20.32
-rw-r--r--lib/libutil/login_cap.34
-rw-r--r--lib/libutil/quotafile.34
-rw-r--r--libexec/tftpd/tftpd.86
-rw-r--r--sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.84
-rw-r--r--sbin/devfs/devfs.84
-rw-r--r--sbin/gvinum/gvinum.810
-rw-r--r--sbin/ifconfig/ifconfig.826
-rw-r--r--sbin/ipfw/ipfw.8102
-rw-r--r--sbin/mdmfs/mdmfs.88
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/ping6/ping6.84
-rw-r--r--sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/rcorder/rcorder.82
-rw-r--r--share/man/man3/pthread_attr_affinity_np.32
-rw-r--r--share/man/man3/pthread_cond_timedwait.34
-rw-r--r--share/man/man3/pthread_cond_wait.34
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/acpi_hp.424
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/acpi_wmi.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ada.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/aibs.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ath.48
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/atp.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/carp.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/coda.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/epair.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/gem.414
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/gre.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ipmi.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ipw.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/isci.410
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/iscsi_initiator.44
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/iwi.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/iwn.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/iwnfw.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ixgbe.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ksyms.438
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ktr.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/man4.i386/glxsb.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/abtn.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/akbd.48
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/bm.44
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/cuda.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/smu.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/snd_ai2s.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/md.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/mld.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/mmc.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/mos.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/mps.412
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/mwl.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/net80211.410
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/netmap.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_car.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_deflate.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_nat.44
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_netflow.48
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_patch.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_ppp.420
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_pred1.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ng_tty.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/nvram2env.44
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/nxge.44
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/pcm.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/pts.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ral.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/run.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/runfw.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/sfxge.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/smp.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/snd_emu10kx.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/snd_ich.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/tpm.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/uark.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/uath.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/ufoma.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/uipaq.46
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/upgt.410
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/vge.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/virtio.44
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/vxge.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/wbwd.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/wi.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/wlan_acl.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/wlan_amrr.42
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/wpi.48
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/xen.44
-rw-r--r--share/man/man4/xnb.410
-rw-r--r--share/man/man5/ar.52
-rw-r--r--share/man/man5/fdescfs.52
-rw-r--r--share/man/man5/fs.54
-rw-r--r--share/man/man5/fstab.56
-rw-r--r--share/man/man5/nsmb.conf.54
-rw-r--r--share/man/man5/quota.user.510
-rw-r--r--share/man/man5/services.52
-rw-r--r--share/man/man7/release.716
-rw-r--r--share/man/man8/picobsd.82
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/BUS_DESCRIBE_INTR.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/BUS_SETUP_INTR.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/DB_COMMAND.914
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/DEVICE_PROBE.96
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/SYSINIT.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/buf_ring.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/condvar.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/devclass_get_maxunit.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/device_get_children.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/drbr.98
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/eventtimers.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/firmware.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211.920
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_amrr.96
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_bmiss.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_input.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_node.912
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_output.98
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_proto.912
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_radiotap.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_regdomain.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_scan.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/ieee80211_vap.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/kproc.96
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/kthread.98
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/lock.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/locking.914
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/malloc.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/mi_switch.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/osd.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/rmlock.910
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/shm_map.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/sleep.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/spl.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/sysctl_ctx_init.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/taskqueue.98
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/timeout.94
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/usbdi.918
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/vm_map_find.92
-rw-r--r--share/man/man9/watchdog.92
-rw-r--r--sys/boot/common/loader.82
-rw-r--r--sys/boot/forth/loader.conf.52
-rw-r--r--tools/tools/ath/athrd/athrd.110
-rw-r--r--tools/tools/ether_reflect/ether_reflect.12
-rw-r--r--tools/tools/vimage/vimage.86
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/bsdiff/bsdiff/bsdiff.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/calendar/calendar.14
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/comm/comm.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/csup/cpasswd.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/csup/csup.124
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/find/find.124
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/fstat/fuser.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/ipcrm/ipcrm.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/locale/locale.14
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/lockf/lockf.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/ministat/ministat.14
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/printf/printf.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/procstat/procstat.12
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/sed/sed.14
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/tftp/tftp.18
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/top/top.local.120
-rw-r--r--usr.bin/touch/touch.112
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/adduser/adduser.conf.52
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/bluetooth/ath3kfw/ath3kfw.82
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/bsdinstall/bsdinstall.82
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/bsnmpd/modules/snmp_wlan/snmp_wlan.310
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/bsnmpd/tools/bsnmptools/bsnmpget.12
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/cdcontrol/cdcontrol.12
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/config/config.86
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/ctladm/ctladm.828
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/edquota/edquota.82
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/freebsd-update/freebsd-update.82
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/gpioctl/gpioctl.810
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/i2c/i2c.810
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/mountd/exports.54
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/mptutil/mptutil.84
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/newsyslog/newsyslog.conf.52
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/pciconf/pciconf.82
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/pkg_install/updating/pkg_updating.16
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/rtadvd/rtadvd.82
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/setfib/setfib.12
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/tcpdump/tcpdump/tcpdump.116
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/timed/timed/timed.86
-rw-r--r--usr.sbin/wlandebug/wlandebug.82
238 files changed, 668 insertions, 668 deletions
diff --git a/bin/pwait/pwait.1 b/bin/pwait/pwait.1
index b7e389c5324f..c5fbb532a73c 100644
--- a/bin/pwait/pwait.1
+++ b/bin/pwait/pwait.1
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
-utility will wait until each of the given processes has terminated.
+utility will wait until each of the given processes has terminated.
.Pp
The following option is available:
.Bl -tag -width indent
diff --git a/bin/setfacl/setfacl.1 b/bin/setfacl/setfacl.1
index bf505ca2afd7..f501c2c5131e 100644
--- a/bin/setfacl/setfacl.1
+++ b/bin/setfacl/setfacl.1
@@ -295,7 +295,7 @@ The ACL qualifier field describes the user or group associated with
the ACL entry.
It may consist of one of the following: uid or
user name, or gid or group name. In entries whose tag type is
-one of
+one of
.Dq Li owner@ ,
.Dq Li group@ ,
or
diff --git a/bin/sh/sh.1 b/bin/sh/sh.1
index a4154fe0a1ae..b3dc19cc22a7 100644
--- a/bin/sh/sh.1
+++ b/bin/sh/sh.1
@@ -1631,7 +1631,7 @@ All values are of type
.It Constants
Decimal, octal (starting with
.Li 0 )
-and hexadecimal (starting with
+and hexadecimal (starting with
.Li 0x )
integer constants.
.It Variables
diff --git a/games/pom/pom.6 b/games/pom/pom.6
index bb89436809cd..a38a92081478 100644
--- a/games/pom/pom.6
+++ b/games/pom/pom.6
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@
.Nm pom
.Nd display the phase of the moon
.Sh SYNOPSIS
-.Nm
+.Nm
.Op Fl p
.Op Fl d Ar yyyy.mm.dd
.Op Fl t Ar hh:mm:ss
diff --git a/lib/libbluetooth/bluetooth.3 b/lib/libbluetooth/bluetooth.3
index cf7e3edbfb42..aa738d4be7e6 100644
--- a/lib/libbluetooth/bluetooth.3
+++ b/lib/libbluetooth/bluetooth.3
@@ -511,7 +511,7 @@ The function returns 0 on success, or -1 if an error occurred.
.Pp
The
.Fn bt_devfilter_pkt_set ,
-.Fn bt_devfilter_pkt_clr
+.Fn bt_devfilter_pkt_clr
and
.Fn bt_devfilter_pkt_tst
functions can be used to modify and test the
@@ -526,7 +526,7 @@ packet type.
.Pp
The
.Fn bt_devfilter_evt_set ,
-.Fn bt_devfilter_evt_clr
+.Fn bt_devfilter_evt_clr
and
.Fn bt_devfilter_evt_tst
functions can be used to modify and test the
diff --git a/lib/libc/gen/fts.3 b/lib/libc/gen/fts.3
index 193e60efb8b5..35e4d459238f 100644
--- a/lib/libc/gen/fts.3
+++ b/lib/libc/gen/fts.3
@@ -802,12 +802,12 @@ principally to provide for alternative interfaces to the
.Nm
functionality using different data structures.
.Sh BUGS
-The
+The
.Fn fts_open
function will automatically set the
.Dv FTS_NOCHDIR
-option if the
+option if the
.Dv FTS_LOGICAL
-option is provided, or if it cannot
+option is provided, or if it cannot
.Xr open 2
the current directory.
diff --git a/lib/libc/gen/getpagesizes.3 b/lib/libc/gen/getpagesizes.3
index 959df8155864..854e2f7858fe 100644
--- a/lib/libc/gen/getpagesizes.3
+++ b/lib/libc/gen/getpagesizes.3
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ array referenced by
These page sizes are expressed in bytes.
In this case,
.Fn getpagesizes
-returns the number of such page sizes that it assigned to the array.
+returns the number of such page sizes that it assigned to the array.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
If successful, the
.Fn getpagesizes
diff --git a/lib/libc/gen/sysconf.3 b/lib/libc/gen/sysconf.3
index 51f7eebb3fc4..4af6f821f138 100644
--- a/lib/libc/gen/sysconf.3
+++ b/lib/libc/gen/sysconf.3
@@ -211,7 +211,7 @@ Maximum number of functions that may be registered with
.It Li _SC_XOPEN_VERSION
An integer value greater than or equal to 4,
indicating the version of the X/Open Portability Guide to which this
-system conforms.
+system conforms.
.It Li _SC_XOPEN_XCU_VERSION
An integer value indicating the version of the XCU Specification to which
this system conforms.
diff --git a/lib/libc/locale/ctype.3 b/lib/libc/locale/ctype.3
index 49a39025829d..62ec05fbbed2 100644
--- a/lib/libc/locale/ctype.3
+++ b/lib/libc/locale/ctype.3
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@
.Nm toascii ,
.Nm tolower ,
.Nm toupper
-.Nd character classification functions
+.Nd character classification functions
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libc
.Sh SYNOPSIS
diff --git a/lib/libc/locale/ctype_l.3 b/lib/libc/locale/ctype_l.3
index 182e7cfe02ba..385125ec8b83 100644
--- a/lib/libc/locale/ctype_l.3
+++ b/lib/libc/locale/ctype_l.3
@@ -102,11 +102,11 @@
.Fn toupper_l "int c" "locale_t loc"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The above functions perform character tests and conversions on the integer
-.Fa c
+.Fa c
in the locale
.Fa loc .
They behave in the same way as the versions without the _l suffix, but use the
-specified locale rather than the global or per-thread locale.
+specified locale rather than the global or per-thread locale.
.In ctype.h ,
or as true functions in the C library.
See the specific manual pages for more information.
diff --git a/lib/libc/locale/digittoint.3 b/lib/libc/locale/digittoint.3
index eebd064deab4..4a7f2e2107ad 100644
--- a/lib/libc/locale/digittoint.3
+++ b/lib/libc/locale/digittoint.3
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ function converts a numeric character to its corresponding integer value.
The character can be any decimal digit or hexadecimal digit.
With hexadecimal characters, the case of the values does not matter.
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fn digittoint_l
function takes an explicit locale argument, whereas the
.Fn digittoint
diff --git a/lib/libc/locale/isalnum.3 b/lib/libc/locale/isalnum.3
index c9042b5dee98..b418643aefd8 100644
--- a/lib/libc/locale/isalnum.3
+++ b/lib/libc/locale/isalnum.3
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ In the ASCII character set, this includes the following characters
.It "\&171\ ``y'' \t172\ ``z''"
.El
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fn isalnum_l
function takes an explicit locale argument, whereas the
.Fn isalnum
diff --git a/lib/libc/locale/isalpha.3 b/lib/libc/locale/isalpha.3
index e535104f5091..e1dfdd64838a 100644
--- a/lib/libc/locale/isalpha.3
+++ b/lib/libc/locale/isalpha.3
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ In the ASCII character set, this includes the following characters
.It "\&164\ ``t'' \t165\ ``u'' \t166\ ``v'' \t167\ ``w'' \t170\ ``x''"
.It "\&171\ ``y'' \t172\ ``z''"
.El
-The
+The
.Fn isalpha_l
function takes an explicit locale argument, whereas the
.Fn isalpha
diff --git a/lib/libc/locale/isblank.3 b/lib/libc/locale/isblank.3
index 8ef5c8d96815..5542280eb36f 100644
--- a/lib/libc/locale/isblank.3
+++ b/lib/libc/locale/isblank.3
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ The value of the argument must be representable as an
or the value of
.Dv EOF .
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fn isblank_l
function takes an explicit locale argument, whereas the
.Fn isblank
diff --git a/lib/libc/locale/iscntrl.3 b/lib/libc/locale/iscntrl.3
index 54379a4af7a5..fd50c276d402 100644
--- a/lib/libc/locale/iscntrl.3
+++ b/lib/libc/locale/iscntrl.3
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@ In the ASCII character set, this includes the following characters
.It "\&036\ RS \t037\ US \t177\ DEL"
.El
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fn iscntrl_l
function takes an explicit locale argument, whereas the
.Fn iscntrl
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_bindx.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_bindx.3
index d0471267f988..403cf7d1e758 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_bindx.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_bindx.3
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ This allows a user to bind a subset of
addresses.
The
.Fn sctp_bindx
-call operates similarly to
+call operates similarly to
.Fn bind
but allows a list of addresses and also allows a bind or an
unbind.
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ This value is returned if the
field is not one of the allowed values (see above).
.It Bq Er ENOMEM
This value is returned if the number of addresses
-being added causes a memory allocation failure in
+being added causes a memory allocation failure in
the call.
.It Bq Er EBADF
The argument
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_connectx.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_connectx.3
index d454bb9f5ba6..1851d4a32932 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_connectx.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_connectx.3
@@ -58,18 +58,18 @@ This allows a fault tolerant method
of initiating an association.
When one of the peers addresses
is unreachable, the subsequent listed addresses will also be used
-to set up the association with the peer.
+to set up the association with the peer.
.Pp
-The user also needs to consider that any address listed in an
+The user also needs to consider that any address listed in an
.Fn sctp_connectx
call is also considered "confirmed".
A confirmed address is one in
which the SCTP transport will trust is a part of the association
and it will not send a confirmation heartbeat to it with
-a random nonce.
+a random nonce.
.Pp
If the peer SCTP stack does not list one or more of
-the provided addresses in its response message then
+the provided addresses in its response message then
the extra addresses sent in the
.Fn sctp_connectx
call will be silently discarded from the association.
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_freepaddrs.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_freepaddrs.3
index a6815f4c461a..77a8488177a0 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_freepaddrs.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_freepaddrs.3
@@ -46,9 +46,9 @@
.In sys/socket.h
.In netinet/sctp.h
.Ft void
-.Fn sctp_freepaddrs "struct sockaddr *"
+.Fn sctp_freepaddrs "struct sockaddr *"
.Ft void
-.Fn sctp_freeladdrs "struct sockaddr *"
+.Fn sctp_freeladdrs "struct sockaddr *"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Fn sctp_freepaddrs
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_getaddrlen.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_getaddrlen.3
index 762e32dc9448..7259635f79fb 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_getaddrlen.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_getaddrlen.3
@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ system calls.
If for some reason a SCTP socket cannot
be created or the
.Fn getsockopt
-call fails, an error will be returned
+call fails, an error will be returned
with
.Va errno
set as specified in the
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_getassocid.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_getassocid.3
index 27ae32494fff..f347a1341c58 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_getassocid.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_getassocid.3
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ The
.Fn sctp_getassocid
call attempts to look up the specified socket address
.Fa addr
-and find the respective association identification.
+and find the respective association identification.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
The call returns the association id upon success and
0 is returned upon failure.
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_getpaddrs.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_getpaddrs.3
index 6ad5ea03176b..8bdf2ccf370a 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_getpaddrs.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_getpaddrs.3
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@
The
.Fn sctp_getpaddrs
function is used to get the list of the peers addresses.
-The
+The
.Fn sctp_getladdrs
function is used to get the list of the local addresses.
The association of interest is identified by the
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_opt_info.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_opt_info.3
index df8faa67f0cd..02b0f852156f 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_opt_info.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_opt_info.3
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@
The
.Fn sctp_opt_info
call provides a multi-os compatible method for getting
-specific
+specific
.Fn getsockopt
data where an association identification needs to be passed
into the operating system.
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ who wish to write portable code amongst multiple operating systems
this call should be used for the following SCTP
socket options.
.Pp
-.Dv SCTP_RTOINFO
+.Dv SCTP_RTOINFO
.Pp
.Dv SCTP_ASSOCINFO
.Pp
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_recvmsg.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_recvmsg.3
index 8ddbeb82acbc..37323c871594 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_recvmsg.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_recvmsg.3
@@ -56,11 +56,11 @@ is used to receive a message from another SCTP endpoint.
The
.Fn sctp_recvmsg
call is used by one-to-one (SOCK_STREAM) type sockets after a
-successful
+successful
.Fn connect
-call or after the application has performed a
-.Fn listen
-followed by a successful
+call or after the application has performed a
+.Fn listen
+followed by a successful
.Fn accept .
For a one-to-many (SOCK_SEQPACKET) type socket, an endpoint may call
.Fn sctp_recvmsg
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ with a positive backlog to enable the reception of new associations.
.Pp
The address of the sender is held in the
.Fa from
-argument with
+argument with
.Fa fromlen
specifying its size.
At the completion of a successful
@@ -88,16 +88,16 @@ will hold the address of the peer and
.Fa fromlen
will hold the length of that address.
Note that
-the address is bounded by the initial value of
+the address is bounded by the initial value of
.Fa fromlen
which is used as an in/out variable.
.Pp
-The length of the message
+The length of the message
.Fa msg
to be received is bounded by
.Fa len .
If the message is too long to fit in the users
-receive buffer, then the
+receive buffer, then the
.Fa flags
argument will
.Em not
@@ -105,16 +105,16 @@ have the
.Dv MSG_EOF
flag applied.
If the message is a complete message then
-the
+the
.Fa flags
argument will have
.Dv MSG_EOF
set.
-Locally detected errors are
+Locally detected errors are
indicated by a return value of -1 with
.Va errno
set accordingly.
-The
+The
.Fa flags
argument may also hold the value
.Dv MSG_NOTIFICATION .
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ The
system call may be used to determine when it is possible to
receive a message.
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fa sinfo
argument is defined as follows.
.Bd -literal
@@ -161,7 +161,7 @@ struct sctp_sndrcvinfo {
The
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_ppid
field is an opaque 32 bit value that is passed transparently
-through the stack from the peer endpoint.
+through the stack from the peer endpoint.
Note that the stack passes this value without regard to byte
order.
.Pp
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@ was delivered in order within the stream it was received.
.Pp
The
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_stream
-field is the SCTP stream that the message was received on.
+field is the SCTP stream that the message was received on.
Streams in SCTP are reliable (or partially reliable) flows of ordered
messages.
.Pp
@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ context with the
socket option.
Optionally a user process can use this value to index some application
specific data structure for all data coming from a specific
-association.
+association.
.Pp
The
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_ssn
@@ -230,12 +230,12 @@ sockets this value can be used to send data to the peer without
the use of an address field.
It is also quite useful in
setting various socket options on the specific association
-(see
+(see
.Xr sctp 4 ) .
.Pp
The
.Fa sinfo->info_timetolive
-field is not used by
+field is not used by
.Fn sctp_recvmsg .
.Sh RETURN VALUES
The call returns the number of bytes received, or -1
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_send.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_send.3
index 9acb616be5bb..d195b7ab4899 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_send.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_send.3
@@ -62,14 +62,14 @@ is used to transmit a message to another SCTP endpoint.
.Fn sctp_send
may be used to send data to an existing association for both
one-to-many (SOCK_SEQPACKET) and one-to-one (SOCK_STREAM) socket types.
-The length of the message
+The length of the message
.Fa msg
is given by
.Fa len .
If the message is too long to pass atomically through the
underlying protocol,
.Va errno
-is set to
+is set to
.Er EMSGSIZE ,
-1 is returned, and
the message is not transmitted.
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ The
system call may be used to determine when it is possible to
send more data on one-to-one type (SOCK_STREAM) sockets.
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fa sinfo
structure is used to control various SCTP features
and has the following format:
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ struct sctp_sndrcvinfo {
};
.Ed
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_ppid
argument is an opaque 32 bit value that is passed transparently
through the stack to the peer endpoint. It will be available on
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ argument may include one or more of the following:
#define SCTP_PR_SCTP_RTX 0x0003 /* Number of retransmissions based PR-SCTP */
.Ed
.Pp
-The flag
+The flag
.Dv SCTP_EOF
is used to instruct the SCTP stack to queue this message
and then start a graceful shutdown of the association.
@@ -158,7 +158,7 @@ is used to specify that a specific address should be used.
Normally
SCTP will use only one of a multi-homed peers addresses as the primary
address to send to.
-By default, no matter what the
+By default, no matter what the
.Fa to
argument is, this primary address is used to send data.
By specifying
@@ -193,14 +193,14 @@ skipped and no longer transmitted.
Note that this policy does
not even assure that the data will ever be sent.
In times of a congestion
-with large amounts of data being queued, the
+with large amounts of data being queued, the
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_timetolive
may expire before the first transmission is ever made.
.Pp
The
.Dv SCTP_PR_SCTP_BUF
based policy transforms the
-.Fa sinfo->sinfo_timetolive
+.Fa sinfo->sinfo_timetolive
field into a total number of bytes allowed on the outbound
send queue.
If that number or more bytes are in queue, then
@@ -208,19 +208,19 @@ other buffer-based sends are looked to be removed and
skipped.
Note that this policy may also result in the data
never being sent if no buffer based sends are in queue and
-the maximum specified by
-.Fa timetolive
+the maximum specified by
+.Fa timetolive
bytes is in queue.
.Pp
The
.Dv SCTP_PR_SCTP_RTX
policy transforms the
-.Fa sinfo->sinfo_timetolive
+.Fa sinfo->sinfo_timetolive
into a number of retransmissions to allow.
This policy
always assures that at a minimum one send attempt is
made of the data.
-After which no more than
+After which no more than
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_timetolive
retransmissions will be made before the data is skipped.
.Pp
@@ -228,11 +228,11 @@ retransmissions will be made before the data is skipped.
is the SCTP stream that you wish to send the
message on.
Streams in SCTP are reliable (or partially reliable) flows of ordered
-messages.
+messages.
.Pp
The
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_assoc_id
-field is used to
+field is used to
select the association to send to on a one-to-many socket.
For a one-to-one socket, this field is ignored.
.Pp
@@ -256,16 +256,16 @@ The fields
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_ssn ,
.Fa sinfo->sinfo_tsn ,
and
-.Fa sinfo->sinfo_cumtsn
+.Fa sinfo->sinfo_cumtsn
are used only when receiving messages and are thus ignored by
.Fn sctp_send .
The function
-.Fn sctp_sendx
-has the same properties as
+.Fn sctp_sendx
+has the same properties as
.Fn sctp_send
with the additional arguments of an array of sockaddr structures
passed in.
-With the
+With the
.Fa addrs
argument being given as an array of addresses to be sent to and
the
@@ -277,7 +277,7 @@ when an implicit association is being set up.
This allows the
user the equivalent behavior as doing a
.Fn sctp_connectx
-followed by a
+followed by a
.Fn sctp_send
to the association.
Note that if the
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sctp_sendmsg.3 b/lib/libc/net/sctp_sendmsg.3
index ddd88b43c9f9..4158932ebc64 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sctp_sendmsg.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sctp_sendmsg.3
@@ -72,10 +72,10 @@ Data sent in such an instance will result in
the data being sent on the third leg of the SCTP four-way handshake.
Note that if
the socket is a one-to-one type (SOCK_STREAM) socket then an association must
-be in existence (by use of the
+be in existence (by use of the
.Xr connect 2
system call).
-Calling
+Calling
.Fn sctp_sendmsg
or
.Fn sctp_sendmsgx
@@ -90,14 +90,14 @@ The address of the target is given by
with
.Fa tolen
specifying its size.
-The length of the message
+The length of the message
.Fa msg
is given by
.Fa len .
If the message is too long to pass atomically through the
underlying protocol,
.Va errno
-is set to
+is set to
.Er EMSGSIZE ,
-1 is returned, and
the message is not transmitted.
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ The
system call may be used to determine when it is possible to
send more data on one-to-one type (SOCK_STREAM) sockets.
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fa ppid
argument is an opaque 32 bit value that is passed transparently
through the stack to the peer endpoint.
@@ -143,7 +143,7 @@ argument may include one or more of the following:
#define SCTP_PR_SCTP_RTX 0x0003 /* Number of retransmissions based PR-SCTP */
.Ed
.Pp
-The flag
+The flag
.Dv SCTP_EOF
is used to instruct the SCTP stack to queue this message
and then start a graceful shutdown of the association.
@@ -170,7 +170,7 @@ is used to specify that an specific address should be used.
Normally
SCTP will use only one of a multi-homed peers addresses as the primary
address to send to.
-By default, no matter what the
+By default, no matter what the
.Fa to
argument is, this primary address is used to send data.
By specifying
@@ -205,14 +205,14 @@ skipped and no longer transmitted.
Note that this policy does
not even assure that the data will ever be sent.
In times of a congestion
-with large amounts of data being queued, the
+with large amounts of data being queued, the
.Fa timetolive
may expire before the first transmission is ever made.
.Pp
The
.Dv SCTP_PR_SCTP_BUF
based policy transforms the
-.Fa timetolive
+.Fa timetolive
field into a total number of bytes allowed on the outbound
send queue.
If that number or more bytes are in queue, then
@@ -220,19 +220,19 @@ other buffer based sends are looked to be removed and
skipped.
Note that this policy may also result in the data
never being sent if no buffer based sends are in queue and
-the maximum specified by
-.Fa timetolive
+the maximum specified by
+.Fa timetolive
bytes is in queue.
.Pp
The
.Dv SCTP_PR_SCTP_RTX
policy transforms the
-.Fa timetolive
+.Fa timetolive
into a number of retransmissions to allow.
This policy
always assures that at a minimum one send attempt is
made of the data.
-After which no more than
+After which no more than
.Fa timetolive
retransmissions will be made before the data is skipped.
.Pp
@@ -241,7 +241,7 @@ is the SCTP stream that you wish to send the
message on.
Streams in SCTP are reliable (or partially reliable) flows of ordered
messages.
-The
+The
.Fa context
field is used only in the event the message cannot be sent.
This is an opaque
@@ -251,7 +251,7 @@ is given if that notification is enabled (see
Normally a user process can use this value to index some application
specific data structure when a send cannot be fulfilled.
.Fn sctp_sendmsgx
-is identical to
+is identical to
.Fn sctp_sendmsg
with the exception that it takes an array of sockaddr structures in the
argument
@@ -262,7 +262,7 @@ which specifies how many addresses are in the array.
This allows a
caller to implicitly set up an association passing multiple addresses
as if
-.Fn sctp_connectx
+.Fn sctp_connectx
had been called to set up the association.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
The call returns the number of characters sent, or -1
@@ -325,7 +325,7 @@ is not connected and is a one-to-one style socket.
.Xr sctp 4
.Sh BUGS
Because in the one-to-many style socket
-.Fn sctp_sendmsg
+.Fn sctp_sendmsg
or
.Fn sctp_sendmsgx
may have multiple associations under one endpoint, a
diff --git a/lib/libc/net/sourcefilter.3 b/lib/libc/net/sourcefilter.3
index 46f61a891ad5..c7293e05b9de 100644
--- a/lib/libc/net/sourcefilter.3
+++ b/lib/libc/net/sourcefilter.3
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ operation.
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ip 4 ,
.Xr ip6 4 ,
-.Xr multicast 4,
+.Xr multicast 4,
.Xr ifmcstat 8
.Rs
.%A D. Thaler
diff --git a/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_add_flag_np.3 b/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_add_flag_np.3
index 7ae83e28c0d7..cf4890ba8b97 100644
--- a/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_add_flag_np.3
+++ b/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_add_flag_np.3
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm acl_add_flag_np
-.Nd add flags to a flagset
+.Nd add flags to a flagset
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libc
.Sh SYNOPSIS
diff --git a/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_create_entry.3 b/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_create_entry.3
index 24427831a15a..784f6875cf9b 100644
--- a/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_create_entry.3
+++ b/lib/libc/posix1e/acl_create_entry.3
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@
.In sys/acl.h
.Ft int
.Fn acl_create_entry "acl_t *acl_p" "acl_entry_t *entry_p"
-.Ft int
+.Ft int
.Fn acl_create_entry_np "acl_t *acl_p" "acl_entry_t *entry_p" "int index"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
diff --git a/lib/libc/stdio/getline.3 b/lib/libc/stdio/getline.3
index e0dda082ed85..6061bfcd1da6 100644
--- a/lib/libc/stdio/getline.3
+++ b/lib/libc/stdio/getline.3
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ and
.Fn getline
functions return the number of characters written, excluding the
terminating
-.Dv NUL
+.Dv NUL
character.
The value \-1 is returned if an error occurs, or if end-of-file is reached.
.Sh EXAMPLES
diff --git a/lib/libc/stdlib/at_quick_exit.3 b/lib/libc/stdlib/at_quick_exit.3
index 7f989637a40c..a75c0c0a3b12 100644
--- a/lib/libc/stdlib/at_quick_exit.3
+++ b/lib/libc/stdlib/at_quick_exit.3
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
.\" Copyright (c) 2011 David Chisnall
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" $FreeBSD$
.\"
.Dd December 7, 2011
@@ -40,16 +40,16 @@
The
.Fn at_quick_exit
function registers a cleanup function to be called when the program exits as a
-result of calling
+result of calling
.Xr quick_exit 3 .
The cleanup functions are called in the reverse order and will not be called if
-the program exits by calling
+the program exits by calling
.Xr exit 3 ,
.Xr _Exit 3 ,
or
.Xr abort 3 .
.Sh RETURN VALUES
-The
+The
.Fn at_quick_exit
function returns the value 0 if successful and a non-zero value on failure.
.Sh SEE ALSO
diff --git a/lib/libc/stdlib/getenv.3 b/lib/libc/stdlib/getenv.3
index fd7d856f0481..bc87b9d54cbb 100644
--- a/lib/libc/stdlib/getenv.3
+++ b/lib/libc/stdlib/getenv.3
@@ -201,7 +201,7 @@ function appeared in
Until
.Fx 7.0 ,
.Fn putenv
-would make a copy of
+would make a copy of
.Fa string
and insert it into the environment using
.Fn setenv .
diff --git a/lib/libc/string/memchr.3 b/lib/libc/string/memchr.3
index 6e33aef98380..9f31fd156639 100644
--- a/lib/libc/string/memchr.3
+++ b/lib/libc/string/memchr.3
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ conforms to
.St -isoC .
.Pp
The
-.Fn memrchr
+.Fn memrchr
function is a GNU extension and conforms to no standard.
.Sh HISTORY
The
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/cap_new.2 b/lib/libc/sys/cap_new.2
index b469f9af3d7e..a18fd3bf69f5 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/cap_new.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/cap_new.2
@@ -464,7 +464,7 @@ Support for capabilities and capabilities mode was developed as part of the
Project.
.Sh AUTHORS
These functions and the capability facility were created by
-.An "Robert N. M. Watson"
+.An "Robert N. M. Watson"
at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory with support from a grant
from Google, Inc.
.Sh BUGS
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/cpuset.2 b/lib/libc/sys/cpuset.2
index 1cdff680f0d9..652d3aea7738 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/cpuset.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/cpuset.2
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ while application developers will manipulate anonymous sets using
To select the correct set a value of type
.Ft cpulevel_t
is used.
-The following values for
+The following values for
.Fa level
are supported:
.Bl -column CPU_LEVEL_CPUSET -offset indent
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ Children inherit this set after a call to
.Xr fork 2 .
.Pp
.Fn cpuset_setid
-attempts to set the id of the object specified by the
+attempts to set the id of the object specified by the
.Fa which
argument.
Currently
@@ -149,12 +149,12 @@ Upon successful completion all of the threads in the target process will
be running on CPUs permitted by the set.
.Pp
.Fn cpuset_getid
-retrieves a set id from the object indicated by
+retrieves a set id from the object indicated by
.Fa which
and stores it in the space pointed to by
.Fa setid .
The retrieved id may be that of either the root or assigned set
-depending on the value of
+depending on the value of
.Fa level .
.Fa level
should be
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/cpuset_getaffinity.2 b/lib/libc/sys/cpuset_getaffinity.2
index bc862675bb7d..4fbbc4e851e2 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/cpuset_getaffinity.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/cpuset_getaffinity.2
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@
.Fn cpuset_getaffinity
and
.Fn cpuset_setaffinity
-allow the manipulation of sets of CPUs available to processes, threads,
+allow the manipulation of sets of CPUs available to processes, threads,
interrupts, jails and other resources.
These functions may manipulate sets of CPUs that contain many processes
or per-object anonymous masks that effect only a single object.
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/jail.2 b/lib/libc/sys/jail.2
index 7e7ec13db011..b0619a042337 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/jail.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/jail.2
@@ -334,7 +334,7 @@ flag is not set.
The jail referred to by a
.Va jid
is not accessible by the process, because the process is in a different
-jail.
+jail.
.It Bq Er EEXIST
The jail referred to by a
.Va jid
@@ -382,7 +382,7 @@ parameter does not exist.
The jail referred to by a
.Va jid
is not accessible by the process, because the process is in a different
-jail.
+jail.
.It Bq Er ENOENT
The
.Va lastjid
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/kqueue.2 b/lib/libc/sys/kqueue.2
index 4fa30201576e..63a662fd678e 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/kqueue.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/kqueue.2
@@ -203,7 +203,7 @@ will not return it.
The filter itself is not disabled.
.It EV_DISPATCH
Disable the event source immediately after delivery of an event.
-See
+See
.Dv EV_DISABLE
above.
.It EV_DELETE
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ any pending events.
When passed as input, it forces
.Dv EV_ERROR
to always be returned.
-When a filter is successfully added the
+When a filter is successfully added the
.Va data
field will be zero.
.It EV_ONESHOT
@@ -449,10 +449,10 @@ Establishes a user event identified by
.Va ident
which is not associated with any kernel mechanism but is triggered by
user level code.
-The lower 24 bits of the
+The lower 24 bits of the
.Va fflags
may be used for user defined flags and manipulated using the following:
-.Bl -tag -width XXNOTE_FFLAGSMASK
+.Bl -tag -width XXNOTE_FFLAGSMASK
.It Dv NOTE_FFNOP
Ignore the input
.Va fflags .
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/pathconf.2 b/lib/libc/sys/pathconf.2
index cbdb3c1848c8..8bdd5b8acf9e 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/pathconf.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/pathconf.2
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@ return a positive number that represents the minimum hole size returned in
bytes.
The offsets of holes returned will be aligned to this same value.
A special value of 1 is returned if the file system does not specify the minimum
-hole size but still reports holes.
+hole size but still reports holes.
.El
.Sh RETURN VALUES
If the call to
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/ptrace.2 b/lib/libc/sys/ptrace.2
index 4f1afda1da00..9dda8ee1b41c 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/ptrace.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/ptrace.2
@@ -441,7 +441,7 @@ This request is used to iterate over the entries of the VM map of the traced
process.
The
.Fa addr
-argument specifies a pointer to a
+argument specifies a pointer to a
.Vt "struct ptrace_vm_entry" ,
which is defined as follows:
.Bd -literal
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/quotactl.2 b/lib/libc/sys/quotactl.2
index ff3cb4b1756b..6dabff0ec30c 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/quotactl.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/quotactl.2
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ Only the super-user may turn quotas off.
.It Dv Q_GETQUOTASIZE
Get the wordsize used to represent the quotas for the user or group
(as determined by the command type).
-Possible values are 32 for the old-style quota file
+Possible values are 32 for the old-style quota file
and 64 for the new-style quota file.
The
.Fa addr
@@ -199,7 +199,7 @@ The
.Fa id
argument to
.Dv Q_GETQUOTA ,
-.Dv Q_SETQUOTA
+.Dv Q_SETQUOTA
or
.Dv Q_SETUSE
is a negative value.
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/sctp_generic_sendmsg.2 b/lib/libc/sys/sctp_generic_sendmsg.2
index fee4211a9e69..1a2b12866d97 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/sctp_generic_sendmsg.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/sctp_generic_sendmsg.2
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ and
.Fn sctp_generic_sendmsg_iov
are the true system calls used by the
.Xr sctp_sendmsg 3
-and
+and
.Xr sctp_send 3
function calls.
These are more efficient since they are
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ For detailed usage please see either the
.Xr sctp_send 3
or
.Xr sctp_sendmsg 3
-function calls.
+function calls.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
The call returns the number of bytes written on success and -1 upon failure.
.Sh ERRORS
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/sctp_peeloff.2 b/lib/libc/sys/sctp_peeloff.2
index 2cc9c9398221..40a026d8139d 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/sctp_peeloff.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/sctp_peeloff.2
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ The
system call can return the following errors:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er ENOTCONN
-The
+The
.Fa id
given to the call does not map to a valid
association.
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/select.2 b/lib/libc/sys/select.2
index 2435e3701f12..59a79984f546 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/select.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/select.2
@@ -222,6 +222,6 @@ Thus, it is unwise to assume that the timeout value will be unmodified
by the
.Fn select
system call.
-.Fx
+.Fx
does not modify the return value, which can cause problems for applications
ported from other systems.
diff --git a/lib/libc/sys/sendfile.2 b/lib/libc/sys/sendfile.2
index d9f8cab56730..9d1fba55409d 100644
--- a/lib/libc/sys/sendfile.2
+++ b/lib/libc/sys/sendfile.2
@@ -104,7 +104,7 @@ variable pointed to by
The
.Fa flags
argument is a bitmap of these values:
-.Bl -item -offset indent
+.Bl -item -offset indent
.It
.Dv SF_NODISKIO .
This flag causes any
diff --git a/lib/libelf/elf.3 b/lib/libelf/elf.3
index e3e01bc7ac22..609fab60c0a2 100644
--- a/lib/libelf/elf.3
+++ b/lib/libelf/elf.3
@@ -523,7 +523,7 @@ flag on an ELF descriptor using
.Xr elf_flagelf 3 ,
following which the library will use the data offsets and alignments
specified by the application when laying out the file.
-Application control of file layout is described further in the
+Application control of file layout is described further in the
.Xr elf_update 3
manual page.
.Pp
diff --git a/lib/libelf/elf_getdata.3 b/lib/libelf/elf_getdata.3
index 59e0ef6a05ea..9416a2c788f8 100644
--- a/lib/libelf/elf_getdata.3
+++ b/lib/libelf/elf_getdata.3
@@ -174,7 +174,7 @@ These functions return a valid pointer to a data descriptor if successful, or
NULL if an error occurs.
.Sh ERRORS
These functions may fail with the following errors:
-.Bl -tag -width "[ELF_E_RESOURCE]"
+.Bl -tag -width "[ELF_E_RESOURCE]"
.It Bq Er ELF_E_ARGUMENT
Arguments
.Ar scn
diff --git a/lib/libfetch/fetch.3 b/lib/libfetch/fetch.3
index 40d66bfd59f8..30372f21fdc0 100644
--- a/lib/libfetch/fetch.3
+++ b/lib/libfetch/fetch.3
@@ -375,7 +375,7 @@ If the
(if-modified-since) flag is specified, and
the
.Va ims_time
-field is set in
+field is set in
.Vt "struct url" ,
then
.Fn fetchXGetHTTP
diff --git a/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_buffer.3 b/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_buffer.3
index 259db3ba6b8e..c4acf81faf49 100644
--- a/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_buffer.3
+++ b/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_buffer.3
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ field in the descriptor to
.Dv NULL .
Any buffer object returned by a GSS-API routine may be passed to
.Fn gss_release_buffer
-(even if there is no storage associated with the buffer).
+(even if there is no storage associated with the buffer).
.Sh PARAMETERS
.Bl -tag
.It minor_status
diff --git a/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_oid_set.3 b/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_oid_set.3
index 391ad283c799..7de4e9ae195d 100644
--- a/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_oid_set.3
+++ b/lib/libgssapi/gss_release_oid_set.3
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ and the gss_OID_set_desc itself.
.Pp
Implementations are encouraged to set the gss_OID_set parameter to
.Dv GSS_C_NO_OID_SET
-on successful completion of this routine.
+on successful completion of this routine.
.Sh PARAMETERS
.Bl -tag
.It minor_status
diff --git a/lib/libgssapi/mech.5 b/lib/libgssapi/mech.5
index 6078828e97fc..b56565e3d15d 100644
--- a/lib/libgssapi/mech.5
+++ b/lib/libgssapi/mech.5
@@ -62,10 +62,10 @@ This mechanism will be used by
.Xr gss_init_sec_context 3
if the user doesn't specify a specific mechanism.
.Pp
-The
+The
.Pa "/etc/gss/qop"
file contains a list of Quality of Protection values for use with
-GSS-API.
+GSS-API.
Each line of the file either contains a comment if the first character
is '#' or it contains three fields with the following meanings:
.Bl -tag
diff --git a/lib/libpam/modules/pam_nologin/pam_nologin.8 b/lib/libpam/modules/pam_nologin/pam_nologin.8
index 9448bf245654..cc94be555d68 100644
--- a/lib/libpam/modules/pam_nologin/pam_nologin.8
+++ b/lib/libpam/modules/pam_nologin/pam_nologin.8
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ parameter, this is the
feature.
.Ss NoLogin Account Management Module
The NoLogin account management component,
-.Fn pam_sm_acct_mgmt ,
+.Fn pam_sm_acct_mgmt ,
verifies whether logins are administratively disabled via
.Xr nologin 5 .
It returns success if the user's login class has an "ignorenologin"
diff --git a/lib/libpmc/pmc.core.3 b/lib/libpmc/pmc.core.3
index 73b2cea754de..73e8d81d5dc2 100644
--- a/lib/libpmc/pmc.core.3
+++ b/lib/libpmc/pmc.core.3
@@ -180,7 +180,7 @@ The default is
The following event names are case insensitive.
Whitespace, hyphens and underscore characters in these names are
ignored.
-.Pp
+.Pp
Core PMCs support the following events:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Li BAClears
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ produce a prediction.
.It Li Br_BAC_Missp_Exec
.Pq Event 8AH , Umask 00H
The number of branch instructions executed that were mispredicted at
-the front end.
+the front end.
.It Li Br_Bogus
.Pq Event E4H , Umask 00H
The number of bogus branches.
diff --git a/lib/libpmc/pmc.xscale.3 b/lib/libpmc/pmc.xscale.3
index 521cc9c9d065..965ea741203d 100644
--- a/lib/libpmc/pmc.xscale.3
+++ b/lib/libpmc/pmc.xscale.3
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@ have 4 counters.
Third generation cores also have an increased number of PMC events.
.Pp
.Tn Intel XScale
-PMCs are documented in
+PMCs are documented in
.Rs
.%B "3rd Generation Intel XScale Microarchitecture Developer's Manual"
.%D May 2007
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ Self initiated address bus transaction.
.It Li DATA_BUS_TRANS
Data bus transaction.
.El
-.Ss Event Name Aliases
+.Ss Event Name Aliases
The following table shows the mapping between the PMC-independent
aliases supported by
.Lb libpmc
diff --git a/lib/libpmc/pmc_capabilities.3 b/lib/libpmc/pmc_capabilities.3
index 5d5b29e26ba3..8c5916e38a8e 100644
--- a/lib/libpmc/pmc_capabilities.3
+++ b/lib/libpmc/pmc_capabilities.3
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@
.Ft int
.Fn pmc_width "pmc_id_t pmc" "uint32_t *width"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
-These functions retrieve information about performance monitoring
+These functions retrieve information about performance monitoring
hardware.
.Pp
Function
diff --git a/lib/librpcsec_gss/rpc_gss_seccreate.3 b/lib/librpcsec_gss/rpc_gss_seccreate.3
index 7a5a0cd73d8a..63978a5801a0 100644
--- a/lib/librpcsec_gss/rpc_gss_seccreate.3
+++ b/lib/librpcsec_gss/rpc_gss_seccreate.3
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ The default - typically the same as
RPC headers only are integrity protected by a checksum.
.It rpc_gss_svc_integrity
RPC headers and data are integrity protected by a checksum.
-.It rpc_gss_svc_privacy
+.It rpc_gss_svc_privacy
RPC headers are integrity protected by a checksum and data is encrypted.
.El
.It qop
diff --git a/lib/libtacplus/libtacplus.3 b/lib/libtacplus/libtacplus.3
index 8114eac71f62..f247a280da62 100644
--- a/lib/libtacplus/libtacplus.3
+++ b/lib/libtacplus/libtacplus.3
@@ -380,7 +380,7 @@ the request, and waits for a reply.
On failure,
.Fn tac_send_acct
returns \-1.
-Otherwise, it returns the TACACS+ status code
+Otherwise, it returns the TACACS+ status code
Possible status codes, defined in
.In taclib.h ,
include:
diff --git a/lib/libulog/utempter_add_record.3 b/lib/libulog/utempter_add_record.3
index cd8e8f1e69fb..948363eca63e 100644
--- a/lib/libulog/utempter_add_record.3
+++ b/lib/libulog/utempter_add_record.3
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ descriptor passed to the login functions.
.Pp
The
.Fa pty
-arguments of
+arguments of
.Fn addToUtmp
and
.Fn removeLineFromUtmp
diff --git a/lib/libusb/libusb20.3 b/lib/libusb/libusb20.3
index bd167b239d75..d9f3f01350ed 100644
--- a/lib/libusb/libusb20.3
+++ b/lib/libusb/libusb20.3
@@ -542,7 +542,7 @@ returns a zero terminated string describing the backend used.
.Pp
.
.Fn libusb20_dev_get_info
-retrieves the BSD specific usb_device_info structure into the memory location given by
+retrieves the BSD specific usb_device_info structure into the memory location given by
.Fa pinfo .
The USB device given by
.Fa pdev
diff --git a/lib/libutil/login_cap.3 b/lib/libutil/login_cap.3
index bdab56eba50a..942171868d85 100644
--- a/lib/libutil/login_cap.3
+++ b/lib/libutil/login_cap.3
@@ -509,7 +509,7 @@ applies these to determine the authorisation style that best suites
these rules.
.Bl -bullet
.It
-If
+If
.Fa auth
is neither
.Dv NULL
@@ -524,7 +524,7 @@ default to
.Ql passwd
as the authorisation list.
.It
-If
+If
.Fa style
is not
.Dv NULL
diff --git a/lib/libutil/quotafile.3 b/lib/libutil/quotafile.3
index 8a78cd33c62b..1e75e9a87164 100644
--- a/lib/libutil/quotafile.3
+++ b/lib/libutil/quotafile.3
@@ -242,7 +242,7 @@ limit and usage values written to the quota file will be clipped to 32 bits.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
If the filesystem has quotas associated with it,
.Fn quota_open
-returns a pointer to a
+returns a pointer to a
.Vt quotafile
structure used in subsequent quota access calls.
If the filesystem has no quotas, or access permission is denied
@@ -285,6 +285,6 @@ functions first appeared in
The
.Nm quotafile
functions and this manual page were written by
-.An Dag-Erling Sm\(/orgrav Aq des@FreeBSD.org
+.An Dag-Erling Sm\(/orgrav Aq des@FreeBSD.org
and
.An Marshall Kirk McKusick Aq mckusick@mckusick.com .
diff --git a/libexec/tftpd/tftpd.8 b/libexec/tftpd/tftpd.8
index 7c3da085b77c..6944f7b340e2 100644
--- a/libexec/tftpd/tftpd.8
+++ b/libexec/tftpd/tftpd.8
@@ -161,9 +161,9 @@ which is specified.
.Pp
If
.Ar value
-is specified, then the debug level is set to
+is specified, then the debug level is set to
.Ar value .
-The debug level is a bitmask implemented in
+The debug level is a bitmask implemented in
.Pa src/libexec/tftpd/tftp-utils.h .
Valid values are 0 (DEBUG_NONE), 1 (DEBUG_PACKETS), 2, (DEBUG_SIMPLE),
4 (DEBUG_OPTIONS), and 8 (DEBUG_ACCESS). Multiple debug values can be combined
@@ -262,7 +262,7 @@ TFTP options are mentioned here:
.Rs
.%T Extending TFTP
.%U http://www.compuphase.com/tftp.htm
-.Re
+.Re
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
diff --git a/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8 b/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8
index 5f4ad9896dbb..fdcec66cec60 100644
--- a/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8
+++ b/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8
@@ -599,7 +599,7 @@ If the format is
11 result registers will be written to standard output in hex.
.El
.It Ic smpcmd
-Allows the user to send an arbitrary Serial
+Allows the user to send an arbitrary Serial
Management Protocol (SMP) command to a device.
The
.Ic smpcmd
@@ -660,7 +660,7 @@ argument is required to specify the PHY to operate on.
.Bl -tag -width 17n
.It Fl p Ar phy
Specify the PHY to operate on.
-This argument is required.
+This argument is required.
.It Fl l
Request the long request/response format.
Not all SMP targets support the long response format.
diff --git a/sbin/devfs/devfs.8 b/sbin/devfs/devfs.8
index 7a744d437e07..aa2f81abd239 100644
--- a/sbin/devfs/devfs.8
+++ b/sbin/devfs/devfs.8
@@ -247,8 +247,8 @@ configuration file.
Local
.Nm
configuration file. Rulesets in here override those in
-.Pa /etc/defaults/devfs.rules
-with the same ruleset number, otherwise the two files are effectively merged.
+.Pa /etc/defaults/devfs.rules
+with the same ruleset number, otherwise the two files are effectively merged.
.It Pa /etc/devfs.conf
Boot-time
.Nm
diff --git a/sbin/gvinum/gvinum.8 b/sbin/gvinum/gvinum.8
index af4ce6de7c77..1300bf391e9b 100644
--- a/sbin/gvinum/gvinum.8
+++ b/sbin/gvinum/gvinum.8
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Ic attach Ar plex volume Op Cm rename
.It Ic attach Ar subdisk plex Oo Ar offset Oc Op Cm rename
-Attach a plex to a volume, or a subdisk to a plex.
+Attach a plex to a volume, or a subdisk to a plex.
If offset is specified, the subdisk will be attached to the given offset within
the plex.
If rename is specified, the subdisk or plex will change name according to the
@@ -103,10 +103,10 @@ and
.Fl V
flags provide progressively more detailed output.
.It Ic mirror Oo Fl fsv Oc Oo Fl n Ar name Oc Ar drives
-Create a mirrored volume from the specified drives.
+Create a mirrored volume from the specified drives.
It requires at least a multiple of 2 drives.
If no name is specified, a unique name will be set by gvinum.
-If the
+If the
.Fl s
flag is specified, a striped mirror will be created, and thus requires a
multiple of 4 drives.
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ EOF character.
.It Ic raid5 Oo Fl fv Oc Oo Fl s Ar stripesize Oc Oo Fl n Ar name Oc Ar drives
Create a RAID-5 volume from the specified drives.
If no name is specified,a unique name will be set by
-.Ic gvinum.
+.Ic gvinum.
This organization requires at least three drives.
.It Ic rename Oo Fl r Oc Ar drive | subdisk | plex | volume newname
Change the name of the specified object.
@@ -282,7 +282,7 @@ unmount and then stop Ic gvinum:
.Pp
.Dl "gvinum mirror /dev/ad1 /dev/ad2"
.Dl "newfs /dev/gvinum/gvinumvolume0"
-.Dl "mount /dev/gvinum/gvinumvolume0 /mnt"
+.Dl "mount /dev/gvinum/gvinumvolume0 /mnt"
.Dl "..."
.Dl "unmount /mnt"
.Dl "gvinum stop"
diff --git a/sbin/ifconfig/ifconfig.8 b/sbin/ifconfig/ifconfig.8
index e3f49f9ede3d..eed4c5915023 100644
--- a/sbin/ifconfig/ifconfig.8
+++ b/sbin/ifconfig/ifconfig.8
@@ -675,7 +675,7 @@ and DAD will be performed when this flag is cleared.
.It Cm -ifdisabled
Clear a flag
.Cm ifdisabled .
-When this flag is cleared and
+When this flag is cleared and
.Cm auto_linklocal
flag is enabled, automatic configuration of a link-local address is
performed.
@@ -706,7 +706,7 @@ Specify the operating mode for this cloned device.
.Ar mode
is one of
.Cm sta ,
-.Cm ahdemo
+.Cm ahdemo
(or
.Cm adhoc-demo ),
.Cm ibss ,
@@ -744,7 +744,7 @@ the device (if supported).
Mark a
.Cm wds
device as operating in ``legacy mode''.
-Legacy
+Legacy
.Cm wds
devices have a fixed peer relationship and do not, for example, roam
if their peer stops communicating.
@@ -760,9 +760,9 @@ Mark the cloned interface as depending on hardware support to
track received beacons.
To have beacons tracked in software use
.Fl beacons .
-For
+For
.Cm hostap
-mode
+mode
.Fl beacons
can also be used to indicate no beacons should
be transmitted; this can be useful when creating a WDS configuration but
@@ -897,7 +897,7 @@ The
.Ar interval
parameter is specified in seconds.
By default a background scan is considered every 300 seconds (5 minutes).
-The
+The
.Ar interval
may not be set to less than 15 seconds.
.It Cm bintval Ar interval
@@ -998,19 +998,19 @@ and
.Cm t
(Atheros Dynamic Turbo mode, or appended to ``st'' and ``dt'').
The full set of channel widths following a '/' are:
-.Cm 5
+.Cm 5
(5MHz aka quarter-rate channel),
-.Cm 10
+.Cm 10
(10MHz aka half-rate channel),
-.Cm 20
+.Cm 20
(20MHz mostly for use in specifying ht20),
and
-.Cm 40
+.Cm 40
(40MHz mostly for use in specifying ht40).
In addition,
a 40MHz HT channel specification may include the location
of the extension channel by appending ``+'' or ``-'' for above and below,
-respectively; e.g. ``2437:ht/40+'' specifies 40MHz wide HT operation
+respectively; e.g. ``2437:ht/40+'' specifies 40MHz wide HT operation
with the center channel at frequency 2437 and the extension channel above.
.It Cm country Ar name
Set the country code to use in calculating the regulatory constraints
@@ -2021,7 +2021,7 @@ Nodes on the mesh without a path to this root mesh station with try to
discover a path to us.
.El
By default
-.Cm hwmprootmode
+.Cm hwmprootmode
is set to
.Ar DISABLED .
.It Cm hwmpmaxhops Ar cnt
@@ -2569,7 +2569,7 @@ For example, the values of 802.11 WEP keys and
passphrases will be printed, if accessible to the current user.
This information is not printed by default, as it may be considered
sensitive.
-.Pp
+.Pp
If the network interface driver is not present in the kernel then
.Nm
will attempt to load it.
diff --git a/sbin/ipfw/ipfw.8 b/sbin/ipfw/ipfw.8
index 9836391006ec..11d4d2242eaf 100644
--- a/sbin/ipfw/ipfw.8
+++ b/sbin/ipfw/ipfw.8
@@ -560,7 +560,7 @@ is set to 0 (default), one can use
.Xr bpf 4
attached to the
.Li ipfw0
-pseudo interface. There is no overhead if no
+pseudo interface. There is no overhead if no
.Xr bpf 4
is attached to the pseudo interface.
.Pp
@@ -808,13 +808,13 @@ Skip all subsequent rules numbered less than
The search continues with the first rule numbered
.Ar number
or higher.
-It is possible to use the
+It is possible to use the
.Cm tablearg
-keyword with a skipto for a
+keyword with a skipto for a
.Em computed
skipto, but care should be used, as no destination caching
is possible in this case so the rules are always walked to find it,
-starting from the
+starting from the
.Cm skipto .
.It Cm call Ar number | tablearg
The current rule number is saved in the internal stack and
@@ -943,7 +943,7 @@ in any subsequent forwarding decisions.
Initially this is limited to the values 0 through 15, see
.Xr setfib 1 .
Processing continues at the next rule.
-It is possible to use the
+It is possible to use the
.Cm tablearg
keyword with a setfib. If tablearg value is not within compiled FIB range packet fib is set to 0.
.It Cm reass
@@ -964,7 +964,7 @@ the maximum number of fragments per packet (default: 16).
NOTA BENE: since fragments do not contain port numbers, they should be avoided with the
.Nm reass
rule.
-Alternatively, direction-based (like
+Alternatively, direction-based (like
.Nm in
/
.Nm out
@@ -1799,7 +1799,7 @@ When used with the
.Cm skipto
action, the user should be aware that the code will walk the ruleset
up to a rule equal to, or past, the given number, and should therefore try keep the
-ruleset compact between the skipto and the target rules.
+ruleset compact between the skipto and the target rules.
.Sh SETS OF RULES
Each rule belongs to one of 32 different
.Em sets
@@ -2471,9 +2471,9 @@ support in-kernel NAT using the kernel version of
The nat configuration command is the following:
.Bd -ragged -offset indent
.Bk -words
-.Cm nat
-.Ar nat_number
-.Cm config
+.Cm nat
+.Ar nat_number
+.Cm config
.Ar nat-configuration
.Ek
.Ed
@@ -2525,7 +2525,7 @@ section below for more information on lookup tables.
.El
.Pp
To let the packet continue after being (de)aliased, set the sysctl variable
-.Va net.inet.ip.fw.one_pass
+.Va net.inet.ip.fw.one_pass
to 0.
For more information about aliasing modes, refer to
.Xr libalias 3 .
@@ -2534,7 +2534,7 @@ See Section
for some examples about nat usage.
.Ss REDIRECT AND LSNAT SUPPORT IN IPFW
Redirect and LSNAT support follow closely the syntax used in
-.Xr natd 8 .
+.Xr natd 8 .
See Section
.Sx EXAMPLES
for some examples on how to do redirect and lsnat.
@@ -2542,16 +2542,16 @@ for some examples on how to do redirect and lsnat.
SCTP nat can be configured in a similar manner to TCP through the
.Nm
command line tool.
-The main difference is that
-.Nm sctp nat
+The main difference is that
+.Nm sctp nat
does not do port translation.
Since the local and global side ports will be the same,
there is no need to specify both.
Ports are redirected as follows:
.Bd -ragged -offset indent
.Bk -words
-.Cm nat
-.Ar nat_number
+.Cm nat
+.Ar nat_number
.Cm config if
.Ar nic
.Cm redirect_port sctp
@@ -2569,9 +2569,9 @@ change for new
.Nm nat
instances.
See
-.Sx SYSCTL VARIABLES
+.Sx SYSCTL VARIABLES
for more info.
-.Sh LOADER TUNABLES
+.Sh LOADER TUNABLES
Tunables can be set in
.Xr loader 8
prompt,
@@ -2599,15 +2599,15 @@ These are shown below together with their default value
command what value is actually in use) and meaning:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.accept_global_ootb_addip: No 0
-Defines how the
-.Nm nat
+Defines how the
+.Nm nat
responds to receipt of global OOTB ASCONF-AddIP:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Cm 0
No response (unless a partially matching association exists -
ports and vtags match but global address does not)
.It Cm 1
-.Nm nat
+.Nm nat
will accept and process all OOTB global AddIP messages.
.El
.Pp
@@ -2617,18 +2617,18 @@ establish multiple fake associations by sending AddIP messages.
.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.chunk_proc_limit: No 5
Defines the maximum number of chunks in an SCTP packet that will be parsed for a
packet that matches an existing association.
-This value is enforced to be greater or equal than
-.Cm net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.initialising_chunk_proc_limit .
+This value is enforced to be greater or equal than
+.Cm net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.initialising_chunk_proc_limit .
A high value is
a DoS risk yet setting too low a value may result in important control chunks in
the packet not being located and parsed.
.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.error_on_ootb: No 1
Defines when the
-.Nm nat
+.Nm nat
responds to any Out-of-the-Blue (OOTB) packets with ErrorM packets.
An OOTB packet is a packet that arrives with no existing association
registered in the
-.Nm nat
+.Nm nat
and is not an INIT or ASCONF-AddIP packet:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Cm 0
@@ -2638,8 +2638,8 @@ ErrorM is only sent to OOTB packets received on the local side.
.It Cm 2
ErrorM is sent to the local side and on the global side ONLY if there is a
partial match (ports and vtags match but the source global IP does not).
-This value is only useful if the
-.Nm nat
+This value is only useful if the
+.Nm nat
is tracking global IP addresses.
.It Cm 3
ErrorM is sent in response to all OOTB packets on both the local and global side
@@ -2650,24 +2650,24 @@ At the moment the default is 0, since the ErrorM packet is not yet
supported by most SCTP stacks.
When it is supported, and if not tracking
global addresses, we recommend setting this value to 1 to allow
-multi-homed local hosts to function with the
+multi-homed local hosts to function with the
.Nm nat .
To track global addresses, we recommend setting this value to 2 to
allow global hosts to be informed when they need to (re)send an
ASCONF-AddIP.
Value 3 should never be chosen (except for debugging) as the
-.Nm nat
+.Nm nat
will respond to all OOTB global packets (a DoS risk).
.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.hashtable_size: No 2003
-Size of hash tables used for
-.Nm nat
+Size of hash tables used for
+.Nm nat
lookups (100 < prime_number > 1000001).
-This value sets the
-.Nm hash table
-size for any future created
+This value sets the
+.Nm hash table
+size for any future created
+.Nm nat
+instance and therefore must be set prior to creating a
.Nm nat
-instance and therefore must be set prior to creating a
-.Nm nat
instance.
The table sizes may be changed to suit specific needs.
If there will be few
@@ -2696,7 +2696,7 @@ risk as malformed packets can consume processing resources.
Defines the maximum number of parameters within a chunk that will be parsed in a
packet.
As for other similar sysctl variables, larger values pose a DoS risk.
-.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.log_level: No 0
+.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.log_level: No 0
Level of detail in the system log messages (0 \- minimal, 1 \- event,
2 \- info, 3 \- detail, 4 \- debug, 5 \- max debug). May be a good
option in high loss environments.
@@ -2704,8 +2704,8 @@ option in high loss environments.
Timeout value while waiting for SHUTDOWN-COMPLETE.
This value cannot be 0.
.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.track_global_addresses: No 0
-Enables/disables global IP address tracking within the
-.Nm nat
+Enables/disables global IP address tracking within the
+.Nm nat
and places an
upper limit on the number of addresses tracked for each association:
.Bl -tag -width indent
@@ -2718,16 +2718,16 @@ association is limited to this value
.Pp
This variable is fully dynamic, the new value will be adopted for all newly
arriving associations, existing associations are treated as they were previously.
-Global tracking will decrease the number of collisions within the
-.Nm nat
+Global tracking will decrease the number of collisions within the
+.Nm nat
at a cost
-of increased processing load, memory usage, complexity, and possible
-.Nm nat
+of increased processing load, memory usage, complexity, and possible
+.Nm nat
state
-problems in complex networks with multiple
-.Nm nats .
+problems in complex networks with multiple
+.Nm nats .
We recommend not tracking
-global IP addresses, this will still result in a fully functional
+global IP addresses, this will still result in a fully functional
.Nm nat .
.It Va net.inet.ip.alias.sctp.up_timer: No 300
Timeout value to keep an association up with no traffic.
@@ -3173,7 +3173,7 @@ First redirect all the traffic to nat instance 123:
.Pp
Then to configure nat instance 123 to alias all the outgoing traffic with ip
192.168.0.123, blocking all incoming connections, trying to keep
-same ports on both sides, clearing aliasing table on address change
+same ports on both sides, clearing aliasing table on address change
and keeping a log of traffic/link statistics:
.Pp
.Dl "ipfw nat 123 config ip 192.168.0.123 log deny_in reset same_ports"
@@ -3202,7 +3202,7 @@ Or a redirect rule with mixed modes could looks like:
.Dl " redirect_proto udp 192.168.1.43 192.168.1.1"
.Dl " redirect_addr 192.168.0.10,192.168.0.11"
.Dl " 10.0.0.100 # LSNAT"
-.Dl " redirect_port tcp 192.168.0.1:80,192.168.0.10:22"
+.Dl " redirect_port tcp 192.168.0.1:80,192.168.0.10:22"
.Dl " 500 # LSNAT"
.Pp
or it could be split in:
@@ -3210,7 +3210,7 @@ or it could be split in:
.Dl "ipfw nat 1 config redirect_addr 10.0.0.1 10.0.0.66"
.Dl "ipfw nat 2 config redirect_port tcp 192.168.0.1:80 500"
.Dl "ipfw nat 3 config redirect_proto udp 192.168.1.43 192.168.1.1"
-.Dl "ipfw nat 4 config redirect_addr 192.168.0.10,192.168.0.11,192.168.0.12"
+.Dl "ipfw nat 4 config redirect_addr 192.168.0.10,192.168.0.11,192.168.0.12"
.Dl " 10.0.0.100"
.Dl "ipfw nat 5 config redirect_port tcp"
.Dl " 192.168.0.1:80,192.168.0.10:22,192.168.0.20:25 500"
@@ -3330,8 +3330,8 @@ Rule syntax is subject to the command line environment and some patterns
may need to be escaped with the backslash character
or quoted appropriately.
.Pp
-Due to the architecture of
-.Xr libalias 3 ,
+Due to the architecture of
+.Xr libalias 3 ,
ipfw nat is not compatible with the TCP segmentation offloading (TSO).
Thus, to reliably nat your network traffic, please disable TSO
on your NICs using
diff --git a/sbin/mdmfs/mdmfs.8 b/sbin/mdmfs/mdmfs.8
index f2db7da5edf3..ab5e1be8d6a6 100644
--- a/sbin/mdmfs/mdmfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mdmfs/mdmfs.8
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ driver
.Op Fl a Ar maxcontig
.Op Fl b Ar block-size
.Op Fl c Ar blocks-per-cylinder-group
-.Op Fl d Ar max-extent-size
+.Op Fl d Ar max-extent-size
.Op Fl E Ar path-mdconfig
.Op Fl e Ar maxbpg
.Op Fl F Ar file
@@ -75,8 +75,8 @@ was specified) using
.Xr newfs 8 ,
and mounts it using
.Xr mount 8 .
-It can handle
-.Xr geom_uzip 4
+It can handle
+.Xr geom_uzip 4
compressed disk images, as long as the kernel supports this GEOM class.
All the command line options are passed to the appropriate program
at the appropriate stage in order to achieve the desired effect.
@@ -318,7 +318,7 @@ do not use soft-updates on it and mount it
.Pp
.Dl "mdmfs -M -S -o async -s 16m md1 /tmp"
.Pp
-Create and mount a
+Create and mount a
.Xr geom_uzip 4
based compressed disk image:
.Pp
diff --git a/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8 b/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8
index b3f38207df45..b613a94414b4 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8
@@ -366,7 +366,7 @@ there is no way that delete and rename operations on lower layer
objects can be done.
.Er EOPNOTSUPP
is returned for this kind of operations as generated by VOP_WHITEOUT()
-along with any others which would make modifications to the lower
+along with any others which would make modifications to the lower
layer, such as
.Xr chmod 1 .
.Pp
diff --git a/sbin/ping6/ping6.8 b/sbin/ping6/ping6.8
index fd6e63a1a12f..b720aefe345d 100644
--- a/sbin/ping6/ping6.8
+++ b/sbin/ping6/ping6.8
@@ -428,8 +428,8 @@ The
.Nm
utility returns 0 on success (the host is alive),
2 if the transmission was successful but no responses were received,
-any other non-zero value if the arguments are incorrect or
-another error has occurred.
+any other non-zero value if the arguments are incorrect or
+another error has occurred.
.Sh EXAMPLES
Normally,
.Nm
diff --git a/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8 b/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8
index 1c34cd388d54..0ca59ac50269 100644
--- a/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8
+++ b/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8
@@ -158,7 +158,7 @@ with the variable
.Ar enable_quotas
in
.Pa /etc/rc.conf .
-The kernel must also be built with
+The kernel must also be built with
.Cd "options QUOTA" .
.Pp
The
diff --git a/sbin/rcorder/rcorder.8 b/sbin/rcorder/rcorder.8
index 060f4ecb4790..b43383a5b6ff 100644
--- a/sbin/rcorder/rcorder.8
+++ b/sbin/rcorder/rcorder.8
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ if your script has a
.Dq Li REQUIRE
on
.Dq Li named ,
-it means the script must be placed after the
+it means the script must be placed after the
.Dq Li named
script in the dependency ordering,
not necessarily that it requires
diff --git a/share/man/man3/pthread_attr_affinity_np.3 b/share/man/man3/pthread_attr_affinity_np.3
index 592652b49017..8813f1a07dc9 100644
--- a/share/man/man3/pthread_attr_affinity_np.3
+++ b/share/man/man3/pthread_attr_affinity_np.3
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ or the attribute specified by it is
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The
.Fa cpusetp
-specified a CPU that was outside the set supported by the kernel.
+specified a CPU that was outside the set supported by the kernel.
.It Bq Er ERANGE
The
.Fa cpusetsize
diff --git a/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_timedwait.3 b/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_timedwait.3
index 11a3c2fb18fd..071f690be195 100644
--- a/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_timedwait.3
+++ b/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_timedwait.3
@@ -83,8 +83,8 @@ is invalid.
The system time has reached or exceeded the time specified in
.Fa abstime .
.It Bq Er EPERM
-The specified
-.Fa mutex
+The specified
+.Fa mutex
was not locked by the calling thread.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
diff --git a/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_wait.3 b/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_wait.3
index 07276037ed93..c057098696e8 100644
--- a/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_wait.3
+++ b/share/man/man3/pthread_cond_wait.3
@@ -72,8 +72,8 @@ or the value specified by
.Fa mutex
is invalid.
.It Bq Er EPERM
-The specified
-.Fa mutex
+The specified
+.Fa mutex
was not locked by the calling thread.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
diff --git a/share/man/man4/acpi_hp.4 b/share/man/man4/acpi_hp.4
index 02bf346a825a..dbb0ca01e049 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/acpi_hp.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/acpi_hp.4
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ WWAN on air status changed to 1 (on air)
.El
.Ss Xr devfs 8 Ss Device
You can read /dev/hpcmi to see your current BIOS settings.
-The detail level can be adjusted by setting the sysctl
+The detail level can be adjusted by setting the sysctl
.Va cmi_detail
as described below.
.Sh SYSCTL VARIABLES
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ The following sysctls are currently implemented:
.Ss WLAN:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Va dev.acpi_hp.0.wlan_enabled
-Toggle WLAN chip activity.
+Toggle WLAN chip activity.
.It Va dev.acpi_hp.0.wlan_radio
(read-only)
WLAN radio status (controlled by hardware switch)
@@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ If set to 1, the WLAN chip will be disabled if the radio is turned off
.Ss Bluetooth:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Va dev.acpi_hp.0.bt_enabled
-Toggle Bluetooth chip activity.
+Toggle Bluetooth chip activity.
.It Va dev.acpi_hp.0.bt_radio
(read-only)
Bluetooth radio status (controlled by hardware switch)
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ If set to 1, the Bluetooth chip will be disabled if the radio is turned off
.Ss WWAN:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Va dev.acpi_hp.0.wwan_enabled
-Toggle WWAN chip activity.
+Toggle WWAN chip activity.
.It Va dev.acpi_hp.0.wwan_radio
(read-only)
WWAN radio status (controlled by hardware switch)
@@ -229,14 +229,14 @@ Get BIOS settings:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
cat /dev/hpcmi
-Serial Port Disable
-Infrared Port Enable
-Parallel Port Disable
-Flash Media Reader Disable
-USB Ports including Express Card slot Enable
-1394 Port Enable
-Cardbus Slot Disable
-Express Card Slot Disable
+Serial Port Disable
+Infrared Port Enable
+Parallel Port Disable
+Flash Media Reader Disable
+USB Ports including Express Card slot Enable
+1394 Port Enable
+Cardbus Slot Disable
+Express Card Slot Disable
(...)
.Ed
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man4/acpi_wmi.4 b/share/man/man4/acpi_wmi.4
index 0825249661b9..12ecdfaf62f0 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/acpi_wmi.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/acpi_wmi.4
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ acpi_wmi_load="YES"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
-driver provides an interface for vendor specific WMI implementations
+driver provides an interface for vendor specific WMI implementations
(e.g. HP and Acer laptops).
It creates /dev/wmistat%d, which can be read to get
information about GUIDs found in the system.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ada.4 b/share/man/man4/ada.4
index 9e31756d55bc..698ce364c22a 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ada.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ada.4
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ seconds.
.It Va kern.cam.ada.spindown_shutdown
.Pp
This variable determines whether to spin-down disks when shutting down.
-Set to 1 to enable spin-down, 0 to disable.
+Set to 1 to enable spin-down, 0 to disable.
The default is currently enabled.
.It Va kern.cam.ada.write_cache
.It Va kern.cam.ada. Ns Ar X Ns Va .write_cache
diff --git a/share/man/man4/aibs.4 b/share/man/man4/aibs.4
index b865ec82e3cc..b955f0f094d2 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/aibs.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/aibs.4
@@ -90,15 +90,15 @@ dev.aibs.0.fan.0: 878 600 7200
dev.aibs.0.fan.1: 0 700 7200
.Pp
> sysctl -d dev.aibs.0.{volt,temp,fan}
-dev.aibs.0.volt:
+dev.aibs.0.volt:
dev.aibs.0.volt.0: Vcore Voltage
dev.aibs.0.volt.1: +3.3 Voltage
dev.aibs.0.volt.2: +5 Voltage
dev.aibs.0.volt.3: +12 Voltage
-dev.aibs.0.temp:
+dev.aibs.0.temp:
dev.aibs.0.temp.0: CPU Temperature
dev.aibs.0.temp.1: MB Temperature
-dev.aibs.0.fan:
+dev.aibs.0.fan:
dev.aibs.0.fan.0: CPU FAN Speed
dev.aibs.0.fan.1: CHASSIS FAN Speed
.Ed
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ath.4 b/share/man/man4/ath.4
index 33250ac73380..e145853ac50f 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ath.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ath.4
@@ -129,14 +129,14 @@ use on cards that use a 5212 part.
When multiple interfaces are configured each may have a separate
mac address that is formed by setting the U/L bits in the mac
address assigned to the underlying device.
-Any number of
+Any number of
.Cm wds
virtual interfaces may be configured together with
.Cm hostap
interfaces.
Multiple
.Cm station
-interfaces may be operated together with
+interfaces may be operated together with
.Cm hostap
interfaces to construct a wireless repeater device.
The driver also support
@@ -191,7 +191,7 @@ the fxp0 (wired) device:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
ifconfig wlan0 create wlandev ath0 wlanmode hostap \e
ssid paying-customers wepmode on wepkey 0x1234567890 \e
- mode 11a up
+ mode 11a up
ifconfig wlan1 create wlandev ath0 wlanmode hostap bssid \e
ssid freeloaders up
ifconfig bridge0 create addm wlan0 addm wlan1 addm fxp0 up
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ Create a master node in a two slot TDMA BSS configured to use
.Bd -literal -offset indent
ifconfig wlan0 create wlandev ath0 wlanmode tdma \e
ssid tdma-test tmdaslot 0 tdmaslotlen 2500 \e
- channel 36 up
+ channel 36 up
.Ed
.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
.Bl -diag
diff --git a/share/man/man4/atp.4 b/share/man/man4/atp.4
index 670080253b01..ed7b4d3ab928 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/atp.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/atp.4
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ Core2 Duo MacBook3,1 (IDs: 0x0229, 0x022a, 0x022b)
.El
.Pp
To discover the product\-id of a touchpad, search for 'Trackpad' in the
-output of
+output of
.Xr lshal 1
and look up the property
.Nm usb_device.product_id .
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ creates a blocking pseudo\-device file,
.Pa /dev/atp0 ,
which presents the mouse as a
.Ar sysmouse
-or
+or
.Ar mousesystems
type device\-\-see
.Xr moused 8
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ types.
.Xr moused 8
can be configured to read touchpad data from
.Pa /dev/atp0
-and pass it along to the
+and pass it along to the
.Xr sysmouse 4
driver so that any process wanting to utilize mouse operation (such as
an X server) may fetch it from
diff --git a/share/man/man4/carp.4 b/share/man/man4/carp.4
index f03ee97ab7e3..05e4ece5f326 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/carp.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/carp.4
@@ -187,7 +187,7 @@ Subsystem specifies vhid and name of interface, where event occurred.
Type of the message displays new state of vhid.
Please see
.Xr devd.conf 5
-and
+and
.Sx EXAMPLES
section for more information.
.Sh EXAMPLES
diff --git a/share/man/man4/coda.4 b/share/man/man4/coda.4
index 94b12aec4d54..e1799ef419a6 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/coda.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/coda.4
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@
.Dt CODA 4
.Os
.Sh NAME
-.Nm coda
+.Nm coda
.Nd Coda Distributed File System
.Sh SYNOPSIS
To compile this driver into the kernel,
diff --git a/share/man/man4/epair.4 b/share/man/man4/epair.4
index 878772705e92..899bd5fce683 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/epair.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/epair.4
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ support on top of it.
.Xr bpf 4 ,
.Xr if_bridge 4 ,
.Xr vlan 4 ,
-.Xr loader.conf 5 ,
+.Xr loader.conf 5 ,
.Xr rc.conf 5 ,
.Xr ifconfig 8
.Sh HISTORY
diff --git a/share/man/man4/gem.4 b/share/man/man4/gem.4
index 213eb74cb051..e4ebeb0ca6d0 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/gem.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/gem.4
@@ -53,13 +53,13 @@ The
driver provides support for the GMAC Ethernet hardware found mostly in
the last Apple PowerBooks G3s and most G4-based Apple hardware, as
well as Sun UltraSPARC machines.
-.Pp
-All controllers supported by the
-.Nm
-driver have TCP checksum offload capability for both receive and transmit,
-support for the reception and transmission of extended frames for
-.Xr vlan 4
-and a 512-bit multicast hash filter.
+.Pp
+All controllers supported by the
+.Nm
+driver have TCP checksum offload capability for both receive and transmit,
+support for the reception and transmission of extended frames for
+.Xr vlan 4
+and a 512-bit multicast hash filter.
.Sh HARDWARE
Chips supported by the
.Nm
diff --git a/share/man/man4/gre.4 b/share/man/man4/gre.4
index f633e497044a..827c93ec7202 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/gre.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/gre.4
@@ -337,4 +337,4 @@ Incoming packets with a different key or without a key will be treated as if the
would belong to this interface.
.Pp
RFC1701 is not fully supported, however all unsupported features have been
-deprecated in RFC2784.
+deprecated in RFC2784.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ipmi.4 b/share/man/man4/ipmi.4
index c34093a9573e..08dd0b0c88d4 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ipmi.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ipmi.4
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ If the
.Ar port
and
.Ar spacing
-are not specified the interface type default will be used. Only specify
+are not specified the interface type default will be used. Only specify
either the
.Ar port
for I/O access or
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ipw.4 b/share/man/man4/ipw.4
index cfa7de7e65fa..21ec44ca376e 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ipw.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ipw.4
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@ This should not happen.
The driver failed to load the firmware image using the
.Xr firmware 9
subsystem.
-Verify the
+Verify the
.Xr ipwfw 4
firmware module is installed and the license agreement
.Xr loader 8
diff --git a/share/man/man4/isci.4 b/share/man/man4/isci.4
index 6cf471a8b8ee..0179a763430e 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/isci.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/isci.4
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2012 Intel Corporation
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
.\" ("Disclaimer") and any redistribution must be conditioned upon
.\" including a substantially similar Disclaimer requirement for further
.\" binary redistribution.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" NO WARRANTY
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@
.\" STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
.\" IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
.\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" isci driver man page.
.\"
.\" Author: Jim Harris <jimharris@FreeBSD.org>
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ These can be enabled by adding
options ISCI_LOGGING
.Ed
.Pp
-to the kernel configuration file.
+to the kernel configuration file.
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr cd 4 ,
.Xr ch 4 ,
diff --git a/share/man/man4/iscsi_initiator.4 b/share/man/man4/iscsi_initiator.4
index 90df509ee655..b937f6b55bab 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/iscsi_initiator.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/iscsi_initiator.4
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ the IP address of the target of session
statistics for session
.Em n
.It Va net.iscsi.n.pid
-the
+the
.Em "process id"
of the userland side of session
.Em n ,
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ see
.Xr iscontrol 8 .
.El
.Sh FILES
-The
+The
.Nm
driver creates the following:
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man4/iwi.4 b/share/man/man4/iwi.4
index 7428542d9b2e..97ff634f4c73 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/iwi.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/iwi.4
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@ This should not happen.
The driver failed to load the firmware image using the
.Xr firmware 9
subsystem.
-Verify the
+Verify the
.Xr iwifw 4
firmware module is installed and the license agreement
.Xr loader 8
diff --git a/share/man/man4/iwn.4 b/share/man/man4/iwn.4
index c43e14e05fe8..2c47f6ff81b3 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/iwn.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/iwn.4
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@ This should not happen.
The driver failed to load the firmware image using the
.Xr firmware 9
subsystem.
-Verify the
+Verify the
.Xr iwnfw 4
firmware module is present.
.It "iwn%d: could not load boot firmware"
diff --git a/share/man/man4/iwnfw.4 b/share/man/man4/iwnfw.4
index 39752cf68424..681d7284dea2 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/iwnfw.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/iwnfw.4
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ iwn6050fw_load="YES"
.Ed
.Sh DESCRIPTION
This module provides access to firmware sets for the
-Intel Wireless WiFi Link 4965, 1000, 5000 and 6000 series of
+Intel Wireless WiFi Link 4965, 1000, 5000 and 6000 series of
IEEE 802.11n adapters.
It may be
statically linked into the kernel, or loaded as a module.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ixgbe.4 b/share/man/man4/ixgbe.4
index 24c583cb9897..1fa970c7c9f9 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ixgbe.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ixgbe.4
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
.\" Copyright (c) 2001-2008, Intel Corporation
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
.\"
@@ -79,13 +79,13 @@ driver supports the following cards:
.Pp
.Bl -bullet -compact
.It
-Intel(R) 10 Gigabit XF SR/AF Dual Port Server Adapter
+Intel(R) 10 Gigabit XF SR/AF Dual Port Server Adapter
.It
Intel(R) 10 Gigabit XF SR/LR Server Adapter
.It
Intel(R) 82598EB 10 Gigabit AF Network Connection
.It
-Intel(R) 82598EB 10 Gigabit AT CX4 Network Connection
+Intel(R) 82598EB 10 Gigabit AT CX4 Network Connection
.El
.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
.Bl -diag
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ksyms.4 b/share/man/man4/ksyms.4
index 9272eb8bf6c4..b8e4f2684ad4 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ksyms.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ksyms.4
@@ -42,15 +42,15 @@
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Pa /dev/ksyms
-character device provides a read-only interface to a snapshot of the kernel
+character device provides a read-only interface to a snapshot of the kernel
symbol table. The in-kernel symbol manager is designed to be able to handle
-many types of symbols tables, however, only
+many types of symbols tables, however, only
.Xr elf 5
symbol tables are supported by this device. The ELF format image contains two
-sections: a symbol table and a corresponding string table.
+sections: a symbol table and a corresponding string table.
.Bl -tag -width indent -offset indent
.It Dv Symbol Table
-The SYMTAB section contains the symbol table entries present in the current
+The SYMTAB section contains the symbol table entries present in the current
running kernel, including the symbol table entries of any loaded modules. The
symbols are ordered by the kernel module load time starting with kernel file
symbols first, followed by the first loaded module's symbols and so on.
@@ -65,10 +65,10 @@ file represents the state of the kernel at the time when the device is opened.
Since
.Pa /dev/ksyms
has no text or data, most of the fields are initialized to NULL.
-The
-.Nm
+The
+.Nm
driver does not block the loading or unloading of modules into the kernel
-while the
+while the
.Pa /dev/ksyms
file is open but may contain stale data.
.Sh IOCTLS
@@ -87,29 +87,29 @@ This can be used when allocating a buffer to make a copy of
the kernel symbol table.
.It Dv KIOCGADDR (void *)
Returns the address of the kernel symbol table mapped in
-the process memory.
+the process memory.
.El
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width /dev/ksymsX
.It Pa /dev/ksyms
.El
.Sh ERRORS
-An
+An
.Xr open 2
of
.Pa /dev/ksyms
-will fail if:
+will fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EBUSY
-The device is already open. A process must close
+The device is already open. A process must close
.Pa /dev/ksyms
-before it can be opened again.
+before it can be opened again.
.It Bq Er ENOMEM
There is a resource shortage in the kernel.
.It Bq Er ENXIO
The driver was unsuccessful in creating a snapshot of the kernel symbol
table. This may occur if the kernel was in the process of loading or
-unloading a module.
+unloading a module.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ioctl 2 ,
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ The
.Nm
driver first appeared in
.Fx 8.0
-to support
+to support
.Xr lockstat 1 .
.Sh AUTHORS
The
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ driver was written by
.An Stacey Son
.Aq sson@FreeBSD.org .
.Sh BUGS
-Because files can be dynamically linked into the kernel at any time the symbol
+Because files can be dynamically linked into the kernel at any time the symbol
information can vary. When you open the
.Pa /dev/ksyms
file, you have access to an ELF image which represents a snapshot of the state of the kernel symbol information at that instant in time. Keeping the device open does not block the loading or unloading of kernel modules. To get a new snapshot you must close and re-open the device.
@@ -147,12 +147,12 @@ A process is only allowed to open the
file once at a time. The process must close the
.Pa /dev/ksyms
before it is allowed to open it again.
-.Pp
+.Pp
The
.Nm
-driver uses the calling process' memory address space to store the snapshot.
+driver uses the calling process' memory address space to store the snapshot.
.Xr ioctl 2
can be used to get the memory address where the symbol table is stored to
-save kernel memory.
+save kernel memory.
.Xr mmap 2
-may also be used but it will map it to another address.
+may also be used but it will map it to another address.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ktr.4 b/share/man/man4/ktr.4
index 7da4e373051b..b4039f0580bd 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ktr.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ktr.4
@@ -171,7 +171,7 @@ the next invocation.
enables logging of
.Nm
entries to disk if it is set to one.
-Setting this to 0 will terminate logging to disk and revert to
+Setting this to 0 will terminate logging to disk and revert to
logging to the normal ktr ring buffer.
Data is not sent to the ring buffer while logging to disk.
.It Va debug.ktr.alq_max
diff --git a/share/man/man4/man4.i386/glxsb.4 b/share/man/man4/man4.i386/glxsb.4
index c7bef274d4fd..fb2669f10478 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/man4.i386/glxsb.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/man4.i386/glxsb.4
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ framework will fail to open the crypto session on the device if the AES
key's length is != 128 bits.
This prevents the use of the
.Nm
-device driver with AES keys of length != 128 bits.
+device driver with AES keys of length != 128 bits.
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr crypto 4 ,
.Xr intro 4 ,
diff --git a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/abtn.4 b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/abtn.4
index 9de300d8f500..670f5a270b5f 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/abtn.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/abtn.4
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ The
.Nm
driver sends events to
.Xr devd 8
-for the following events under the
+for the following events under the
.Cd PMU
system, and
.Cd keys
diff --git a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/akbd.4 b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/akbd.4
index d4f3aa167059..e56676a76a2e 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/akbd.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/akbd.4
@@ -63,15 +63,15 @@ The
.Nm
driver sends events to
.Xr devd 8
-for the following events under the
+for the following events under the
.Cd PMU
system:
.Pp
.Bl -bullet -compact
.It
-Power button -
+Power button -
.Cd "Button"
-subsystem,
+subsystem,
.Cd "pressed"
type.
.El
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ The
driver supports the following sysctl variable for configuring the Fn keys:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Va dev.akbd.%d.fn_keys_function_as_primary
-Set the Fn keys to be their F-key type as default. A value of 0 causes the
+Set the Fn keys to be their F-key type as default. A value of 0 causes the
F-keys keys to work as special keys by default (
.Xr abtn 4 )
and a value of 1 sets them to behave as F-keys by default.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/bm.4 b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/bm.4
index 5c4a35fc66e3..9d6a02970149 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/bm.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/bm.4
@@ -50,8 +50,8 @@ if_bm_load="YES"
The
.Nm
driver provides support for the BMac ethernet hardware found mostly in
-G3-based Apple hardware.
-It is a close relative of the Sun HME controller found in contemporary
+G3-based Apple hardware.
+It is a close relative of the Sun HME controller found in contemporary
Sun workstations.
.Sh HARDWARE
Chips supported by the
diff --git a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/cuda.4 b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/cuda.4
index 4b4b2180ccea..f1faaf2d2919 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/cuda.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/cuda.4
@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ driver provides support for the CUDA VIA (Versatile Interface Attachment)
chip found in pre-Core99 Apple hardware, such as the Power Macintosh G3.
.Pp
The Apple CUDA controller is a multi-purpose ASIC that provides power
-control and an
+control and an
.Xr adb 4
interface.
.Sh HARDWARE
diff --git a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/smu.4 b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/smu.4
index 893522c9c365..2550a0df6736 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/smu.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/smu.4
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ sensors in millivolts, and power sensors in milliwatts.
.Sh LED INTERFACE
The
.Nm
-driver provides an
+driver provides an
.Xr led 4
annunciator interface at
.Pa /dev/led/sleepled .
diff --git a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/snd_ai2s.4 b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/snd_ai2s.4
index a69faa0e5fe6..472a518b79e4 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/snd_ai2s.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/man4.powerpc/snd_ai2s.4
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ snd_ai2s_load="YES"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
-driver provides support for the Apple I2S audio controllers found
+driver provides support for the Apple I2S audio controllers found
predominantly in G4 and G5 machines, along with the snapper and tumbler
codecs. Some machines (e.g. the Mac Mini) do not have configurable
codecs and so lack hardware volume control.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/md.4 b/share/man/man4/md.4
index 4d7e4925a75a..49b0069d8e7a 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/md.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/md.4
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ The image in
.Pa /h/foo/ARM-MD
will be loaded as the initial image each boot.
To create the image to use, please follow the steps to create a file-backed
-disk found in the
+disk found in the
.Xr mdconfig 8
man page.
Other tools will also create these images, such as NanoBSD.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/mld.4 b/share/man/man4/mld.4
index b761bb10123e..b6f3cee6d250 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/mld.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/mld.4
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ itself, in response to multicast membership requests by user
applications.
Multicast routing protocol daemons may open a raw socket to directly
interact with
-.Nm
+.Nm
and receive membership reports.
.Pp
As of
diff --git a/share/man/man4/mmc.4 b/share/man/man4/mmc.4
index 867c6e79b63d..95fe976833e7 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/mmc.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/mmc.4
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ driver supports all MMC and SD bridges in the system.
All SD or MMC cards in the system attach to an instance of
.Nm .
The
-.Nm
+.Nm
bus typically has only one slot, and only memory cards.
MultiMediaCards exist only in memory.
SD Cards exist as memory, I/O, or combination cards.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/mos.4 b/share/man/man4/mos.4
index 4ca0db52c3a6..2656deae109d 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/mos.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/mos.4
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ if_mos_load="YES"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
-driver provides support for USB Ethernet adapters based on the
+driver provides support for USB Ethernet adapters based on the
Moschip MCS7730/MCS7830/MCS7832 chipset.
.Pp
The adapters that contain the Moschip MCS7730/MCS7830/MCS7832 chipset
diff --git a/share/man/man4/mps.4 b/share/man/man4/mps.4
index 54b0c0b0a245..dbf35cd459f0 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/mps.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/mps.4
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2010 Spectra Logic Corporation
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
.\" ("Disclaimer") and any redistribution must be conditioned upon
.\" including a substantially similar Disclaimer requirement for further
.\" binary redistribution.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" NO WARRANTY
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@
.\" STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
.\" IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
.\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" mps driver man page.
.\"
.\" Author: Ken Merry <ken@FreeBSD.org>
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ dev.mps.X.disable_msix=1
.Ed
.Pp
To set the maximum number of DMA chains allocated for all adapters,
-set the following variable in
+set the following variable in
.Xr loader.conf 5 :
.Bd -literal -offset indent
hw.mps.max_chains=NNNN
@@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ This driver has a couple of known shortcomings:
.It
Not endian safe.
It only works on little endian machines (e.g. amd64 and i386).
-.It
+.It
No userland utility available (e.g.
.Xr mptutil 8)
.It
diff --git a/share/man/man4/mwl.4 b/share/man/man4/mwl.4
index 1864647b1553..62dc29e6eb58 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/mwl.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/mwl.4
@@ -93,14 +93,14 @@ virtual interfaces may be configured for simultaneous use.
When multiple interfaces are configured each may have a separate
mac address that is formed by setting the U/L bits in the mac
address assigned to the underlying device.
-Any number of
+Any number of
.Cm wds
virtual interfaces may be configured together with
.Cm hostap
interfaces.
Multiple
.Cm station
-interfaces may be operated together with
+interfaces may be operated together with
.Cm hostap
interfaces to construct a wireless repeater device.
For more information on configuring this device, see
@@ -150,7 +150,7 @@ the fxp0 (wired) device:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
ifconfig wlan0 create wlandev mwl0 wlanmode hostap \e
ssid paying-customers wepmode on wepkey 0x1234567890 \e
- mode 11a up
+ mode 11a up
ifconfig wlan1 create wlandev mwl0 wlanmode hostap bssid \e
ssid freeloaders up
ifconfig bridge0 create addm wlan0 addm wlan1 addm fxp0 up
diff --git a/share/man/man4/net80211.4 b/share/man/man4/net80211.4
index 967bbe983f9e..20d71fe39f03 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/net80211.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/net80211.4
@@ -199,7 +199,7 @@ Return the time between Beacon frames (in TU) in
.It Dv IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN
Return whether background scanning is enabled in
.Va i_val .
-When this value is non-zero and operating in station mode
+When this value is non-zero and operating in station mode
the station will periodically leave
the current channel and scan for neighboring stations.
See also
@@ -343,7 +343,7 @@ Return, in
.Va i_val ,
whether SSID hiding/cloaking is enabled.
SSID hiding is only meaningful when operating as an access point.
-When this is enabled Beacon frames do not include the SSID and
+When this is enabled Beacon frames do not include the SSID and
ProbeRequest frames are not answered unless they include the AP's SSID.
This value will be non-zero when SSID hiding is enabled and otherwise zero.
.It Dv IEEE80211_IOC_HTCOMPAT
@@ -464,7 +464,7 @@ This value is also termed the listen interval and represents the maximum time
a station will sleep before waking to retrieve packets buffered by
an access point.
.It Dv IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY
-Return the current MLME setting for PRIVACY in
+Return the current MLME setting for PRIVACY in
.Va i_val .
When PRIVACY is enabled all data packets must be encrypted.
This value will be zero if PRIVACY is disabled and
@@ -1093,7 +1093,7 @@ Set the powersave sleep time in TU to the value in
.Va i_val .
This request causes a running interface to be reset.
.It Dv IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY
-Set the current MLME setting for PRIVACY using the value in
+Set the current MLME setting for PRIVACY using the value in
.Va i_val .
See
.Dv IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY
@@ -1205,7 +1205,7 @@ This request causes a running interface to be reset.
Set the current TDMA slot to the value in
.Va i_val .
Values must be in the range [0-slotcnt].
-Slot 0 identifies the master in the TDMA network; if it running it will
+Slot 0 identifies the master in the TDMA network; if it running it will
immediately start sending Beacon frames.
.It Dv IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_SLOTCNT
Set the number of slots in the TDMA network to the value in
diff --git a/share/man/man4/netmap.4 b/share/man/man4/netmap.4
index 0af979cb2a9e..8edcb028b92b 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/netmap.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/netmap.4
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" This document is derived in part from the enet man page (enet.4)
.\" distributed with 4.3BSD Unix.
.\"
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ is a framework for fast and safe access to network devices
.Nm
uses memory mapped buffers and metadata
(buffer indexes and lengths) to communicate with the kernel,
-which is in charge of validating information through
+which is in charge of validating information through
.Pa ioctl()
and
.Pa select()/poll().
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ to bind the file descriptor to a network device.
When a device is put in
.Nm
mode, its data path is disconnected from the host stack.
-The processes owning the file descriptor
+The processes owning the file descriptor
can exchange packets with the device, or with the host stack,
through an mmapped memory region that contains pre-allocated
buffers and metadata.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_car.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_car.4
index 080986e4da19..79967e72dd5e 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_car.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_car.4
@@ -150,7 +150,7 @@ enum {
/* mode options (opt) */
#define NG_CAR_COUNT_PACKETS 2
-
+
struct ng_car_bulkconf {
struct ng_car_hookconf upstream;
struct ng_car_hookconf downstream;
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_deflate.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_deflate.4
index 25ba5e8aaf30..11dc132074c6 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_deflate.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_deflate.4
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm deflate
-node type implements the Deflate sub-protocols of the Compression Control
+node type implements the Deflate sub-protocols of the Compression Control
Protocol (CCP).
.Pp
The node has two hooks,
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ The receiver should respond by sending a PPP CCP Reset-Request to the peer.
.Pp
This message may also be received by this node type when a CCP Reset-Request
or Reset-Ack is received by the local PPP entity.
-The node will respond by flushing its compression state so the sides
+The node will respond by flushing its compression state so the sides
can resynchronize.
.It Dv NGM_DEFLATE_GET_STATS Pq Li getstats
This control message obtains statistics for a given hook.
@@ -154,5 +154,5 @@ control message, or when hook have been disconnected.
.An Alexander Motin Aq mav@alkar.net
.Sh BUGS
Due to nature of netgraph PPP implementation there are possible race conditions
-between data packet and ResetAck CCP packet in case of packet loss. As result,
+between data packet and ResetAck CCP packet in case of packet loss. As result,
packet loss can produce bigger performance degradation than supposed by protocol.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_nat.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_nat.4
index cc8970338a23..9a3e9bc94fbc 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_nat.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_nat.4
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ Configure aliasing address for a node.
After both hooks have been connected and aliasing address was configured,
a node is ready for aliasing operation.
.It Dv NGM_NAT_SET_MODE Pq Li setmode
-Set node's operation mode using supplied
+Set node's operation mode using supplied
.Vt "struct ng_nat_mode".
.Bd -literal
struct ng_nat_mode {
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ struct ng_nat_mode {
.Ed
.It Dv NGM_NAT_SET_TARGET Pq Li settarget
Configure target address for a node.
-When an incoming packet not associated with any pre-existing aliasing
+When an incoming packet not associated with any pre-existing aliasing
link arrives at the host machine, it will be sent to the specified address.
.It Dv NGM_NAT_REDIRECT_PORT Pq Li redirectport
Redirect incoming connections arriving to given port(s) to
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_netflow.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_netflow.4
index 47684ef870b5..ca0020122307 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_netflow.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_netflow.4
@@ -71,9 +71,9 @@ and the same number of hooks named
.Va out0 , out1 ,
etc.,
plus two export hooks:
-.Va export
+.Va export
(for NetFlow version 5) and
-.Va export9
+.Va export9
(for NetFlow version 9). Export can be done simultaneously for all supported
export hooks. By default (ingress NetFlow enabled) node does NetFlow accounting of data
received on
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ if it several times passes via exactly this netflow node. Last two options are
important to avoid duplicate accounting when both ingress and egress NetFlow
are enabled.
.It Dv NGM_NETFLOW_SETTEMPLATE
-Sets various timeouts to announce data flow templates
+Sets various timeouts to announce data flow templates
(NetFlow v9-specific). This message requires
.Vt "struct ng_netflow_settemplate"
as an argument:
@@ -208,7 +208,7 @@ Value of time field represents time in seconds to re-announce data templates.
Value of packets field represents maximum packets count between
re-announcing data templates.
.It Dv NGM_NETFLOW_SETMTU
-Sets export interface MTU to build packets of specified size (NetFlow v9-specific).
+Sets export interface MTU to build packets of specified size (NetFlow v9-specific).
This message requires
.Vt "struct ng_netflow_setmtu"
as an argument:
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_patch.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_patch.4
index 416116e5f632..e223c3966379 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_patch.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_patch.4
@@ -164,7 +164,7 @@ Here
.Dq Li ttl_add
node of type
.Nm
-configured to add (mode
+configured to add (mode
.Dv NG_PATCH_MODE_ADD )
a
.Va value
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_ppp.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_ppp.4
index 453d1bd66ae9..050d6399b51d 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_ppp.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_ppp.4
@@ -132,9 +132,9 @@ Compression is supported via two hooks,
.Dv compress
and
.Dv decompress .
-Compression and decompression can be enabled by toggling the
+Compression and decompression can be enabled by toggling the
.Vt enableCompression
-and
+and
.Vt enableDecompression
fields of the node configuration structure.
(See below.)
@@ -143,23 +143,23 @@ If
is set to
.Dv NG_PPP_COMPRESS_SIMPLE ,
then all outgoing frames are sent to the
-.Dv compress
+.Dv compress
hook and all packets received on this hook are expected to be
compressed, so the COMPD tag is put on them unconditionally.
If
.Vt enableCompression
is set to
.Dv NG_PPP_COMPRESS_FULL ,
-then packets received on the
-.Dv compress
+then packets received on the
+.Dv compress
hook are resent as is.
The compressor node should put the tag, if the packet was compressed.
-If
+If
.Vt enableDecompression
-is set to
+is set to
.Dv NG_PPP_DECOMPRESS_SIMPLE ,
then the node will sent to the
-.Dv decompress
+.Dv decompress
hook only those frames, that are marked with the COMPD tag.
If
.Vt enableDecompression
@@ -396,7 +396,7 @@ Here
.Dv NG_PPP_BUNDLE_LINKNUM
is a valid link number corresponding to the multi-link bundle.
.It Dv NGM_PPP_GET_LINK_STATS64
-Same as NGM_PPP_GET_LINK_STATS but returns
+Same as NGM_PPP_GET_LINK_STATS but returns
.Dv "struct ng_ppp_link_stat64"
containing 64bit counters.
.It Dv NGM_PPP_CLR_LINK_STATS
@@ -407,7 +407,7 @@ Same as
.Dv NGM_PPP_GET_LINK_STATS ,
but also atomically clears the statistics as well.
.It Dv NGM_PPP_GETCLR_LINK_STATS64
-Same as NGM_PPP_GETCLR_LINK_STATS but returns
+Same as NGM_PPP_GETCLR_LINK_STATS but returns
.Dv "struct ng_ppp_link_stat64"
containing 64bit counters.
.El
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_pred1.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_pred1.4
index 0048962115a8..a8c8c5e06d17 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_pred1.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_pred1.4
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm pred1
-node type implements the Predictor-1 sub-protocols of the Compression Control
+node type implements the Predictor-1 sub-protocols of the Compression Control
Protocol (CCP).
.Pp
The node has two hooks,
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ The receiver should respond by sending a PPP CCP Reset-Request to the peer.
.Pp
This message may also be received by this node type when a CCP Reset-Request
or Reset-Ack is received by the local PPP entity.
-The node will respond by flushing its compression state so the sides
+The node will respond by flushing its compression state so the sides
can resynchronize.
.It Dv NGM_PRED1_GET_STATS Pq Li getstats
This control message obtains statistics for a given hook.
@@ -141,5 +141,5 @@ control message, or when hook have been disconnected.
.An Alexander Motin Aq mav@alkar.net
.Sh BUGS
Due to nature of netgraph PPP implementation there are possible race conditions
-between data packet and ResetAck CCP packet in case of packet loss. As result,
+between data packet and ResetAck CCP packet in case of packet loss. As result,
packet loss can produce bigger performance degradation than supposed by protocol.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ng_tty.4 b/share/man/man4/ng_tty.4
index 75e1b40a32fe..dc73e58a2471 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ng_tty.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ng_tty.4
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ and frames received on
.Dv hook
are transmitted out on the tty device.
No modification to the data is performed in either direction.
-While the hook is installed on a tty, the normal read and write
+While the hook is installed on a tty, the normal read and write
operations are unavailable, returning
.Er EIO .
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man4/nvram2env.4 b/share/man/man4/nvram2env.4
index 91d163911b3b..36423fb96f99 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/nvram2env.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/nvram2env.4
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ the string name, "=" delimiter and the string value.
.Nm
copies the environment values into kernel environment using the kernel setenv call.
.Pp
-Configuration of
+Configuration of
.Nm
is done in
.Xr device.hints 5
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ compatible, please set it to "1".
Use format "Generic", skip uint32_t field, then zero terminating array of
strings.
.It Fa 0x0004
-Use Broadcom CFE format. uint32_t signature "FLSH", uint32_t size,
+Use Broadcom CFE format. uint32_t signature "FLSH", uint32_t size,
three unused fields uint32_t, then data.
.It Fa 0x0008
Use U-Boot format, uint32_t crc, then zero terminating array of strings.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/nxge.4 b/share/man/man4/nxge.4
index 4550535b9910..8d94afc599b9 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/nxge.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/nxge.4
@@ -48,8 +48,8 @@ if_nxge_load="YES"
The
.Nm
driver provides support for Neterion Xframe-I and Xframe-II adapters.
-The driver supports TCP Segmentation Offload (TSO/LSO),
-Large Receive Offload (LRO), Jumbo Frames (5 buffer mode),
+The driver supports TCP Segmentation Offload (TSO/LSO),
+Large Receive Offload (LRO), Jumbo Frames (5 buffer mode),
Header Separation (Rx 2 buffer mode), VLAN, and Promiscuous mode.
.Pp
For general information and support, please visit the Neterion support page
diff --git a/share/man/man4/pcm.4 b/share/man/man4/pcm.4
index e9bfa6b70da0..1ac5844a17b4 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/pcm.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/pcm.4
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ The following bridge device drivers are available:
.It
.Xr snd_audiocs 4 (enabled by default on sparc64)
.It
-.Xr snd_cmi 4 (enabled by default on amd64, i386)
+.Xr snd_cmi 4 (enabled by default on amd64, i386)
.It
.Xr snd_cs4281 4
.It
diff --git a/share/man/man4/pts.4 b/share/man/man4/pts.4
index 49e84efab707..3faab8bbe5ee 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/pts.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/pts.4
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ function should be used.
.It Dv TIOCPTMASTER
Determine whether the file descriptor is pointing to a pseudo-terminal
master device.
-This
+This
.Xr ioctl 2
should not be used directly. It is used to implement routines like
.Xr grantpt 3 .
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ral.4 b/share/man/man4/ral.4
index 0b13d0829f00..f2e0e5fe9d2a 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ral.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ral.4
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ Only one
or
.Cm mesh
virtual interface may be configured at a time.
-Any number of
+Any number of
.Cm wds
virtual interfaces may be configured together with a
.Cm hostap
diff --git a/share/man/man4/run.4 b/share/man/man4/run.4
index f2fa809ebdd6..5f895e1a29d1 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/run.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/run.4
@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ The
driver can be configured at runtime with
.Xr ifconfig 8 .
.Sh HARDWARE
-The
+The
.Nm
driver supports the following wireless adapters:
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man4/runfw.4 b/share/man/man4/runfw.4
index ddaf169ea7be..6bb86c742273 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/runfw.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/runfw.4
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ kernel configuration file:
.Ed
.Pp
This will include two firmware images, RT2870 and RT3071, inside the kernel.
-.Xr run 4
+.Xr run 4
will load the appropriate image into the chip.
.Pp
Alternatively, to load the firmware images as a module at boot time, place
diff --git a/share/man/man4/sfxge.4 b/share/man/man4/sfxge.4
index 3f27275fc65c..5e4935d465ee 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/sfxge.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/sfxge.4
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ Solarflare SFC9000 family controllers.
The driver supports jumbo
frames, transmit/receive checksum offload, TCP Segmentation Offload
(TSO), Large Receive Offload (LRO), VLAN checksum offload, VLAN TSO,
-and Receive Side Scaling (RSS) using MSI-X interrupts.
+and Receive Side Scaling (RSS) using MSI-X interrupts.
.Pp
The driver allocates 1 receive queue, transmit queue, event queue and
IRQ per CPU up to a maximum of 64.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/smp.4 b/share/man/man4/smp.4
index 5712dbd0e35e..1dfd283e45d0 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/smp.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/smp.4
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ supports hyperthreading on Intel CPU's on the i386 and AMD64 platforms.
Because using logical CPUs can cause performance penalties under certain loads,
the logical CPUs can be disabled by setting the
.Va machdep.hyperthreading_allowed
-tunable to zero.
+tunable to zero.
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr cpuset 1 ,
.Xr mptable 1 ,
diff --git a/share/man/man4/snd_emu10kx.4 b/share/man/man4/snd_emu10kx.4
index 3892d1e22558..72568c3ffec6 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/snd_emu10kx.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/snd_emu10kx.4
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ option in your
.Xr loader.conf 5
configuration file you will get up to five DSP devices, one for each
sound card output.
-You can use additional software (like
+You can use additional software (like
.Em audio/pulseaudio
from
.Em The Ports Collection )
diff --git a/share/man/man4/snd_ich.4 b/share/man/man4/snd_ich.4
index 71f47a7bd49a..c4359c85acc2 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/snd_ich.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/snd_ich.4
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ bridge driver allows the generic audio driver
to attach to Intel ICH AC'97 and compatible audio devices.
.Pp
Some later chips, like ICH6/ICH7, depending on wiring can instead implement
-newer Intel HD Audio specification, which is supported by
+newer Intel HD Audio specification, which is supported by
.Xr snd_hda 4
driver.
.Sh HARDWARE
diff --git a/share/man/man4/tpm.4 b/share/man/man4/tpm.4
index 76156098f73e..897aa00fbb88 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/tpm.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/tpm.4
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ In
The
.Nm
driver provides support for various trusted platform modules (TPM) that can
-store cryptographic keys.
+store cryptographic keys.
.Pp
Supported modules:
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man4/uark.4 b/share/man/man4/uark.4
index 945983c86c14..a4e2e5664f50 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/uark.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/uark.4
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ The
.Nm
driver supports Arkmicro Technologies ARK3116 based serial adapters.
.Sh HARDWARE
-The
+The
.Nm
driver supports the following adapters:
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man4/uath.4 b/share/man/man4/uath.4
index ad118098f552..3f4a9ab7c889 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/uath.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/uath.4
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ This is normally done by the
utility that is launched by
.Xr devd 8
when the device is inserted.
-.Xr uathload
+.Xr uathload
includes the firmware in the binary program.
This firmware is licensed for general use and is included in the base system.
.Sh HARDWARE
diff --git a/share/man/man4/ufoma.4 b/share/man/man4/ufoma.4
index 77d192f7191c..19028d99eb03 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/ufoma.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/ufoma.4
@@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ When an interface is recognized by the system but not used, the interface
will be set to this mode.
.It Li unlinked
When an interface is not yet negotiated, the interface is in this mode.
-.El
+.El
.Sh HARDWARE
Devices supported by the
.Nm
diff --git a/share/man/man4/uipaq.4 b/share/man/man4/uipaq.4
index 310cbfea13ae..96b23e3c2fdf 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/uipaq.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/uipaq.4
@@ -86,10 +86,10 @@ driver which makes it behave like a
.Xr usb 4
.Sh HISTORY
The
-.Fx
+.Fx
support was imported from
-.Nx
-for
+.Nx
+for
.Fx 7.0 .
.Nx
added support in
diff --git a/share/man/man4/upgt.4 b/share/man/man4/upgt.4
index 7042dd7e7212..7b8143888abb 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/upgt.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/upgt.4
@@ -181,13 +181,13 @@ Join an existing BSS network (i.e., connect to an access point):
.Bd -literal -offset indent
ifconfig wlan create wlandev upgt0 inet 192.168.0.20 \e
netmask 0xffffff00
-.Ed
-.Pp
+.Ed
+.Pp
Join a specific BSS network with network name
-.Dq Li my_net :
-.Pp
+.Dq Li my_net :
+.Pp
.Dl "ifconfig wlan create wlandev upgt0 ssid my_net up"
-.Pp
+.Pp
Join a specific BSS network with 64-bit WEP encryption:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
ifconfig wlan create wlandev upgt0 ssid my_net \e
diff --git a/share/man/man4/vge.4 b/share/man/man4/vge.4
index 3ab9bce59c09..5d488504e205 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/vge.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/vge.4
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ groups, the driver will switch over to using the hash filter.
The jumbo frame support can be enabled by setting the interface MTU
to any value larger than the default of 1500 bytes, up to a maximum
of 9000 bytes.
-Jumbo frames are disabled on the VT6130/VT6132 controllers because the TX
+Jumbo frames are disabled on the VT6130/VT6132 controllers because the TX
MAC will hang when trying to send a frame that is larger than 4K.
The receive and transmit checksum offload support
can be toggled on and off using the
diff --git a/share/man/man4/virtio.4 b/share/man/man4/virtio.4
index 030f0aa58bf0..f30f339e25cd 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/virtio.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/virtio.4
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@
.Dt VIRTIO 4
.Os
.Sh NAME
-.Nm virtio
+.Nm virtio
.Nd VirtIO Device Support
.Sh SYNOPSIS
To compile VirtIO device support into the kernel, place the following lines
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ The
.Xr virtio_pci 4
device driver represents an emulated PCI device that the hypervisor makes
available to the VM.
-This device provides the probing, configuration, and
+This device provides the probing, configuration, and
interrupt notifications needed to interact with the hypervisor.
.Fx
supports the following VirtIO devices:
diff --git a/share/man/man4/vxge.4 b/share/man/man4/vxge.4
index 888413ef7365..fdca8e2b65f8 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/vxge.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/vxge.4
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ if_vxge_load="YES"
The
.Nm
driver provides support for Neterion X3100 adapters.
-The driver supports TCP Segmentation Offload (TSO/LSO),
+The driver supports TCP Segmentation Offload (TSO/LSO),
Large Receive Offload (LRO), Jumbo Frames, Receive Traffic Hash (RTH),
VLAN, Promiscuous mode and Multi function mode.
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man4/wbwd.4 b/share/man/man4/wbwd.4
index 0102225f7bc8..67af2ec844a5 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/wbwd.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/wbwd.4
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ The
driver provides the following options as
.Xr sysctl 8
variables.
-.Bl -tag -width "xxxxxx"
+.Bl -tag -width "xxxxxx"
.It Va dev.wbwd.0.timeout_override
This variable allows to program the timer to a value independent on the one
provided by the
diff --git a/share/man/man4/wi.4 b/share/man/man4/wi.4
index c8b49a581a63..92dedff7a1d5 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/wi.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/wi.4
@@ -355,7 +355,7 @@ Lucent cards prior to firmware version 6.0.6 do not implement IBSS
mode and are not supported.
.Pp
Prior versions of
-.Nm
+.Nm
supported Symbol firmware.
That support has been removed due to persistent problems with this
firmware as well as getting proper documentation on this firmware.
diff --git a/share/man/man4/wlan_acl.4 b/share/man/man4/wlan_acl.4
index 9a05aad34af2..25314bd6a38f 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/wlan_acl.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/wlan_acl.4
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ module implements a MAC-based access control plugin for use
with 802.11 devices operating as an access point.
The
.Nm
-must be loaded for
+must be loaded for
.Xr ifconfig 8
to handle the
.Cm mac:*
diff --git a/share/man/man4/wlan_amrr.4 b/share/man/man4/wlan_amrr.4
index f810a9c2c4f2..92477677ffdb 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/wlan_amrr.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/wlan_amrr.4
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ algorithm for use by 802.11 device drivers.
.Xr wpi 4 ,
.Xr zyd 4
.Sh STANDARDS
-More information can be found in the paper describing the
+More information can be found in the paper describing the
.Em AMRR
algorithm at
.Pa http://hal.inria.fr/inria-00070784/en/ .
diff --git a/share/man/man4/wpi.4 b/share/man/man4/wpi.4
index 3fc1b6d4a181..efcfdbaa09b6 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/wpi.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/wpi.4
@@ -106,14 +106,14 @@ ifconfig wlan0 create wlandev wpi0 wlanmode adhoc ssid my_net \e
The driver failed to load the firmware image using the
.Xr firmware 9
subsystem.
-Verify the
+Verify the
.Xr wpifw
firmware module is installed.
.It "wpi%d: fatal firmware error"
An unknown error has occurred in the uploaded firmware, you may have to
unload/reload the driver to continue.
.It "wpi%d: Radio transmitter is switched off"
-The hardware switch controlling the radio is currently turned off.
+The hardware switch controlling the radio is currently turned off.
Data transmission is not possible in this state.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
@@ -133,8 +133,8 @@ driver was written for
.Ox
by
.An Damien Bergamini Aq damien.bergamini@free.fr .
-.An Benjamin Close Aq benjsc@FreeBSD.org
-ported
+.An Benjamin Close Aq benjsc@FreeBSD.org
+ported
.Nm
to
.Fx .
diff --git a/share/man/man4/xen.4 b/share/man/man4/xen.4
index 31096d0626f6..e053fc53580e 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/xen.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/xen.4
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
.\" Copyright (c) 2010 Robert N. M. Watson
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
-.\" This software was developed by SRI International and the University of
+.\" This software was developed by SRI International and the University of
.\" Cambridge Computer Laboratory under DARPA/AFRL contract FA8750-10-C-0237
.\" ("CTSRD"), as part of the DARPA CRASH research program.
.\"
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@
.Dt XEN 4
.Os
.Sh NAME
-.Nm xen
+.Nm xen
.Nd Xen Hypervisor Guest (DomU) Support
.Sh SYNOPSIS
To compile para-virtualized (PV) Xen guest support into an i386 kernel, place
diff --git a/share/man/man4/xnb.4 b/share/man/man4/xnb.4
index bda6e451b495..d4ebae842ce8 100644
--- a/share/man/man4/xnb.4
+++ b/share/man/man4/xnb.4
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@
.\" ("Disclaimer") and any redistribution must be conditioned upon
.\" including a substantially similar Disclaimer requirement for further
.\" binary redistribution.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" NO WARRANTY
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
@@ -25,14 +25,14 @@
.\" STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
.\" IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
.\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Authors: Alan Somers (Spectra Logic Corporation)
-.\"
+.\"
.\" $FreeBSD$
-.\"
+.\"
.Dd January 6, 2012
.Dt XNB 4
-.Os
+.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm xnb
.Nd "Xen Paravirtualized Backend Ethernet Driver"
diff --git a/share/man/man5/ar.5 b/share/man/man5/ar.5
index 4abd439578e9..1c1d79bc26cd 100644
--- a/share/man/man5/ar.5
+++ b/share/man/man5/ar.5
@@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ the ASCII string
No padding is used to separate adjacent file names.
.Ss "Archive Symbol Tables"
Archive symbol tables are used to speed up link editing by providing a
-mapping between the program symbols defined in the archive
+mapping between the program symbols defined in the archive
and the corresponding archive members.
Archive symbol tables are managed by the
.Xr ranlib 1
diff --git a/share/man/man5/fdescfs.5 b/share/man/man5/fdescfs.5
index b87d1604554e..9c615817d51a 100644
--- a/share/man/man5/fdescfs.5
+++ b/share/man/man5/fdescfs.5
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ creates entries for all file descriptors opened by the process.
.It Pa /dev/fd/#
.El
.Sh EXAMPLES
-To mount a
+To mount a
.Nm
volume located on
.Pa /dev/fd :
diff --git a/share/man/man5/fs.5 b/share/man/man5/fs.5
index fbe870645dd8..5a5171c21f61 100644
--- a/share/man/man5/fs.5
+++ b/share/man/man5/fs.5
@@ -408,10 +408,10 @@ Each macro takes a pointer to an extattr structure.
Returns a pointer to the next extended attribute following
.Fa eap .
.It Dv EXTATTR_CONTENT(eap)
-Returns a pointer to the extended attribute content referenced by
+Returns a pointer to the extended attribute content referenced by
.Fa eap .
.It Dv EXTATTR_CONTENT_SIZE(eap)
-Returns the size of the extended attribute content referenced by
+Returns the size of the extended attribute content referenced by
.Fa eap .
.It Dv EXTATTR_SET_LENGTHS(eap, size)
Called with the size of the attribute content after initializing
diff --git a/share/man/man5/fstab.5 b/share/man/man5/fstab.5
index adbf48928ef1..060d57ce51f8 100644
--- a/share/man/man5/fstab.5
+++ b/share/man/man5/fstab.5
@@ -235,7 +235,7 @@ programs to determine the order in which file system and quota
checks are done at reboot time.
The
.Fa fs_passno
-field can be any value between 0 and
+field can be any value between 0 and
.Ql INT_MAX Ns -1 .
.Pp
The root file system should be specified with a
@@ -245,7 +245,7 @@ of 1, and other file systems should have a
of 2 or greater.
A file system with a
.Fa fs_passno
-value of 1 is always checked sequentially and be completed before
+value of 1 is always checked sequentially and be completed before
another file system is processed, and it will be processed before
all file systems with a larger
.Fa fs_passno .
@@ -269,7 +269,7 @@ will assume that the file system does not need to be checked.
.Pp
The
.Fa fs_passno
-field can be used to implement finer control when
+field can be used to implement finer control when
the system utilities may determine that the file system resides
on a different physical device, when it actually does not, as with a
.Xr ccd 4
diff --git a/share/man/man5/nsmb.conf.5 b/share/man/man5/nsmb.conf.5
index f315f82bda65..2548a05f8c92 100644
--- a/share/man/man5/nsmb.conf.5
+++ b/share/man/man5/nsmb.conf.5
@@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ is also assigned in this section.
.Dq Li FSERVER:USER ,
defines the user settings and is useful for saving the password used
during a specific connection.
-The password may be plaintext or obfuscated using simple encryption.
+The password may be plaintext or obfuscated using simple encryption.
The simple encrypted password starts with the `$$1' symbols.
Warning: the encryption function is very weak and intended only to hide
clear text passwords.
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ If the use of simple encryption is desired, the following command may be
used on a password:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
smbutil crypt
-.Ed
+.Ed
.Sh COMPATIBILITY
At the time of this writing, the
.Tn IPX
diff --git a/share/man/man5/quota.user.5 b/share/man/man5/quota.user.5
index f502a51877dd..c314b654ecb3 100644
--- a/share/man/man5/quota.user.5
+++ b/share/man/man5/quota.user.5
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ It is possible to specify a different location and file name with the
and
.Dq Li groupquota
options in the
-.Xr fstab 5
+.Xr fstab 5
file.
.Pp
The data files contain the following information:
@@ -72,9 +72,9 @@ See
.Xr edquota 8
for an explanation on the various limits and grace periods.
.Pp
-During normal quota operations the
+During normal quota operations the
.Xr quotactl 2
-interface is used to query or set quota information and the kernel
+interface is used to query or set quota information and the kernel
will maintain the data files as needed.
If quotas are disabled on
a file system, but marked as having quotas enabled in
@@ -104,8 +104,8 @@ or
.Dq Dv dbq_itime
fields are non-zero, they are used to indicate the grace period on
that file system for users who have exceeded their soft limit.
-These times can be set by
-.Xr edquota 8
+These times can be set by
+.Xr edquota 8
with the
.Fl t
flag.
diff --git a/share/man/man5/services.5 b/share/man/man5/services.5
index 55e0c9d73d2d..d1153d9d525e 100644
--- a/share/man/man5/services.5
+++ b/share/man/man5/services.5
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ Service names may contain any printable
character other than a field delimiter, newline,
or comment character.
.Pp
-If
+If
.Dq db
is specified as source in the
.Xr nsswitch.conf 5 ,
diff --git a/share/man/man7/release.7 b/share/man/man7/release.7
index 2d666914a518..a725fc627e44 100644
--- a/share/man/man7/release.7
+++ b/share/man/man7/release.7
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ and with clean checkouts of specific versions of the doc, src, and ports
trees. For this purpose, a script
.Pq Pa src/release/generate-release.sh
is provided to automate these checkouts and then execute
-.Dq Li "make release"
+.Dq Li "make release"
in a clean
.Xr chroot 8 .
.Pp
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ and should have experience upgrading systems from source.
The release build process requires that
.Pa /usr/obj
be populated with the output of
-.Dq Li "make buildworld"
+.Dq Li "make buildworld"
and
.Dq Li "make buildkernel" .
This is necessary to provide the object files for the release or, when
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@ must be specified for ports and documentation to be included in the release.
.It Ev CVS_TAG
If the variable
.Ev CVS_TAG
-is set, that tag will be used for CVS checkouts (doc and ports), otherwise
+is set, that tag will be used for CVS checkouts (doc and ports), otherwise
.Ic generate-release.sh
will use HEAD.
.It Ev MAKE_FLAGS
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@ The location of the FreeBSD SVN source repository. Defaults to
.Pa svn://svn.freebsd.org/base .
.It Ev RELSTRING
Optional base name for generated media images (e.g. FreeBSD-9.0-RC2-amd64).
-Defaults to the output of
+Defaults to the output of
.Ic `uname -s`-`uname -r`-`uname -p`
within the chroot.
.El
@@ -170,12 +170,12 @@ targets.
Meta-target to build all release media and distributions applicable to this
platform.
.It Cm install
-Copy all produced release media to
+Copy all produced release media to
.Pa ${DESTDIR} .
.It Cm cdrom
Builds installation CD-ROM images. On some systems, this may require that
.Xr mkisofs 8
-be installed
+be installed
.Pq Pa sysutils/cdrtools
and possibly that the
.Xr md 4
@@ -239,7 +239,7 @@ Location of a directory containing the doc tree. By default,
.Pa /usr/doc .
If it is unset or cannot be found, most documentation will not be included in
the release; see
-.Ev NODOC
+.Ev NODOC
below.
.It Va NOPORTS
If defined, the Ports Collection will be omitted from the release.
@@ -369,7 +369,7 @@ of building a release in a sterile environment.
.Pp
For the
.Fx 9.0
-release,
+release,
.Pa src/release/Makefile
was overhauled and the wrapper script
.Pa src/release/generate-release.sh
diff --git a/share/man/man8/picobsd.8 b/share/man/man8/picobsd.8
index e95786d660dd..07373f67b5b1 100644
--- a/share/man/man8/picobsd.8
+++ b/share/man/man8/picobsd.8
@@ -648,7 +648,7 @@ already exists on disk (e.g.\& as a result of a previous update).
.Xr crunchgen 1 ,
.Xr mdconfig 8 ,
.Xr nanobsd 8 ,
-.Xr swapon 8
+.Xr swapon 8
.Sh AUTHORS
.An -nosplit
.An Andrzej Bialecki Aq abial@FreeBSD.org ,
diff --git a/share/man/man9/BUS_DESCRIBE_INTR.9 b/share/man/man9/BUS_DESCRIBE_INTR.9
index 0163e7023bb0..b7f137b5b20e 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/BUS_DESCRIBE_INTR.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/BUS_DESCRIBE_INTR.9
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@
.Ft int
.Fo bus_describe_intr
.Fa "device_t dev" "struct resource *irq" "void *cookie" "const char *fmt"
-.Fa ...
+.Fa ...
.Fc
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
diff --git a/share/man/man9/BUS_SETUP_INTR.9 b/share/man/man9/BUS_SETUP_INTR.9
index 3910570608ac..8264a999a5fb 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/BUS_SETUP_INTR.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/BUS_SETUP_INTR.9
@@ -130,8 +130,8 @@ Mutexes are not allowed to be held across calls to these functions.
A filter runs in primary interrupt context.
In this context, normal mutexes cannot be used.
Only the spin lock version of these can be used (specified by passing
-.Dv MTX_SPIN
-to
+.Dv MTX_SPIN
+to
.Fn mtx_init
when initializing the mutex).
.Xr wakeup 9
diff --git a/share/man/man9/DB_COMMAND.9 b/share/man/man9/DB_COMMAND.9
index 231e6a47a474..d45205757d9e 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/DB_COMMAND.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/DB_COMMAND.9
@@ -38,18 +38,18 @@
.Fo DB_COMMAND
.Fa command_name
.Fa command_function
-.Fc
-.Fn DB_SHOW_COMMAND "command_name" "command_function"
-.Fn DB_SHOW_ALL_COMMAND "command_name" "command_function"
+.Fc
+.Fn DB_SHOW_COMMAND "command_name" "command_function"
+.Fn DB_SHOW_ALL_COMMAND "command_name" "command_function"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Fn DB_COMMAND
macro adds
.Fa command_name
to the list of top-level commands.
-Invoking
+Invoking
.Fa command_name
-from ddb will call
+from ddb will call
.Fa command_function .
.Pp
The
@@ -60,14 +60,14 @@ are roughly equivalent to
.Fn DB_COMMAND
but in these cases,
.Fa command_name
-is a sub-command of the ddb
+is a sub-command of the ddb
.Sy show
command and
.Sy show all
command, respectively.
.Pp
The general command syntax:
-.Cm command Ns Op Li \&/ Ns Ar modifier
+.Cm command Ns Op Li \&/ Ns Ar modifier
.Ar address Ns Op Li , Ns Ar count ,
translates into the following parameters for
.Fa command_function :
diff --git a/share/man/man9/DEVICE_PROBE.9 b/share/man/man9/DEVICE_PROBE.9
index b536b90ec4f8..86b8339288cb 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/DEVICE_PROBE.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/DEVICE_PROBE.9
@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ all the rules, or special needs drivers).
.It BUS_PROBE_VENDOR
The device is supported by a vendor driver.
This is for source or binary drivers that are not yet integrated into the
-.Fx
+.Fx
tree.
Its use in the base OS is prohibited.
.It BUS_PROBE_DEFAULT
@@ -119,8 +119,8 @@ drivers matching particular types of serial ports that need special
treatment for some reason.
.It BUS_PROBE_HOOVER
The driver matches all unclaimed devices on a bus.
-The
-.Xr ugen 4
+The
+.Xr ugen 4
device is one example.
.It BUS_PROBE_NOWILDCARD
The driver expects its parent to tell it which children to manage
diff --git a/share/man/man9/SYSINIT.9 b/share/man/man9/SYSINIT.9
index 9140dd83083d..1837d25d4849 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/SYSINIT.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/SYSINIT.9
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm SYSINIT ,
-.Nm SYSUNINIT
+.Nm SYSUNINIT
.Nd a framework for dynamic kernel initialization
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In sys/param.h
diff --git a/share/man/man9/buf_ring.9 b/share/man/man9/buf_ring.9
index 3b73607bbc22..ffade9444d8a 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/buf_ring.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/buf_ring.9
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@
The
.Nm
functions provide a lock-less multi-producer and lock-less multi-consumer as
-well as single-consumer ring buffer.
+well as single-consumer ring buffer.
.Pp
The
.Fn buf_ring_alloc
diff --git a/share/man/man9/condvar.9 b/share/man/man9/condvar.9
index db3eab1225b4..7b89d46d628b 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/condvar.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/condvar.9
@@ -117,10 +117,10 @@ argument is a pointer to either a
or
.Xr sx 9
lock.
-A
+A
.Xr mutex 9
argument must be initialized with
-.Dv MTX_DEF
+.Dv MTX_DEF
and not
.Dv MTX_SPIN .
A thread must hold
diff --git a/share/man/man9/devclass_get_maxunit.9 b/share/man/man9/devclass_get_maxunit.9
index fc2bc25b8da2..c3be62785c29 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/devclass_get_maxunit.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/devclass_get_maxunit.9
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ The
.Fn devclass_get_maxunit
function returns -1 if
.Fa dc
-is
+is
.Dv NULL;
otherwise it returns the next unit
number in
diff --git a/share/man/man9/device_get_children.9 b/share/man/man9/device_get_children.9
index 677d8eb5942b..cbc1124a20a4 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/device_get_children.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/device_get_children.9
@@ -48,9 +48,9 @@ and the count in
.Fa *devcountp .
The memory allocated for the list should be freed using
.Fn free "*devlistp" "M_TEMP" .
-.Fa devlistp
+.Fa devlistp
and
-.Fa devcountp
+.Fa devcountp
are not changed when an error is returned.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
Zero is returned on success, otherwise an appropriate error is returned.
diff --git a/share/man/man9/drbr.9 b/share/man/man9/drbr.9
index ad67c35e4e80..168ce1047a96 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/drbr.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/drbr.9
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ is enabled,
will assert that the tx queue lock is held when it is called.
.Pp
The
-.Fn drbr_free
+.Fn drbr_free
function frees all the enqueued mbufs and then frees the buf_ring.
.Pp
The
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ The
.Fn drbr_flush
function frees all mbufs enqueued in the buf_ring and the ifnet's IFQ.
.Pp
-The
+The
.Fn drbr_empty
function returns
.Dv TRUE
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ The
.Fn drbr_inuse
function returns the number of mbufs enqueued.
Note to users that this is intrinsically racy as there is no guarantee that
-there will not be more mbufs when
+there will not be more mbufs when
.Fn drbr_dequeue
is actually called.
Provided the tx queue lock is held there will not be less.
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ on success.
.Pp
The
.Fn drbr_dequeue
-and
+and
.Fn drbr_dequeue_cond
functions return an mbuf on success and
.Dv NULL
diff --git a/share/man/man9/eventtimers.9 b/share/man/man9/eventtimers.9
index c21b1a79f3ee..2ed15d0f8051 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/eventtimers.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/eventtimers.9
@@ -213,7 +213,7 @@ is the opposite to
It releases the event timer for other consumers use.
.Pp
.Fn ET_LOCK
-and
+and
.Fn ET_UNLOCK
macros should be used to manage
.Xr mutex 9
diff --git a/share/man/man9/firmware.9 b/share/man/man9/firmware.9
index 5254f2448ad1..9987e09c2ac1 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/firmware.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/firmware.9
@@ -157,7 +157,7 @@ argument may be set to
to indicate that
firmware_put is free to reclaim resources associated with
the firmware image if this is the last reference.
-By default a firmware image will be deferred to a
+By default a firmware image will be deferred to a
.Xr taskqueue 9
thread so the call may be done while holding a lock.
In certain cases, such as on driver detach, this cannot be allowed.
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211.9
index 30affc9b8a71..1e53cf6b2645 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211.9
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
.Dt IEEE80211 9
.Os
.Sh NAME
-.Nm IEEE80211
+.Nm IEEE80211
.Nd 802.11 network layer
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In net80211/ieee80211_var.h
@@ -164,7 +164,7 @@ Table of channels the device is capable of operating on.
This is initially provided by the driver but may be changed
through calls that change the regulatory state.
.It Dv ic_nchan
-Number of entries in
+Number of entries in
.Dv ic_channels .
.El
.Pp
@@ -221,7 +221,7 @@ There is no default method; the pointer may be NULL in which case
it will not be used.
.It Dv ic_node_alloc
Allocate and initialize a
-.Vt ieee80211_node
+.Vt ieee80211_node
structure.
This method cannot sleep.
The default method allocates zero'd memory using
@@ -232,7 +232,7 @@ Memory allocated by the driver must be tagged with
.Dv M_80211_NODE
to balance the memory allocation statistics.
.It Dv ic_node_free
-Reclaim storage of a node allocated by
+Reclaim storage of a node allocated by
.Dv ic_node_alloc .
Drivers are expected to
.Em interpose
@@ -302,7 +302,7 @@ and must initiate the work to scan a channel and schedule a timer
to advance to the next channel in the scan list.
This callback is done in a sleepable context.
The default method handles active scan work (e.g. sending ProbeRequest
-frames), and schedules a call to
+frames), and schedules a call to
.Xr ieee80211_scan_next 9
according to the maximum dwell time for the channel.
Drivers that off-load scan work to firmware typically use this method
@@ -354,7 +354,7 @@ Terminate receipt of A-MPDU data from the specified station for the TID.
.El
.Pp
Once the
-.Nm
+.Nm
layer is attached to a driver there are two more steps typically done
to complete the work:
.Bl -enum
@@ -405,7 +405,7 @@ The following general capabilities are defined:
Device is capable of operating in station (aka Infrastructure) mode.
.It Dv IEEE80211_C_8023ENCAP
Device requires 802.3-encapsulated frames be passed for transmit.
-By default
+By default
.Nm
will encapsulate all outbound frames as 802.11 frames (without a PLCP header).
.It Dv IEEE80211_C_FF
@@ -529,16 +529,16 @@ Device supports L-SIG TXOP protection.
.It Dv IEEE80211_HTC_AMPDU
Device supports A-MPDU aggregation.
Note that any 802.11n compliant device must support A-MPDU receive
-so this implicitly means support for
+so this implicitly means support for
.Em transmit
of A-MPDU frames.
.It Dv IEEE80211_HTC_AMSDU
Device supports A-MSDU aggregation.
Note that any 802.11n compliant device must support A-MSDU receive
-so this implicitly means support for
+so this implicitly means support for
.Em transmit
of A-MSDU frames.
-.It Dv IEEE80211_HTC_HT
+.It Dv IEEE80211_HTC_HT
Device supports High Throughput (HT) operation.
This capability must be set to enable 802.11n functionality
in
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_amrr.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_amrr.9
index 8206b2da55d4..a90de3dc257a 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_amrr.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_amrr.9
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ rate for each frame.
To maximize throughput algorithms try to use the highest rate that
is appropriate for the operating conditions.
The rate will vary as conditions change; the distance between two stations
-may change, transient noise may be present that affects signal quality,
+may change, transient noise may be present that affects signal quality,
etc.
.Nm
uses very simple information from a driver to do it's job:
@@ -119,8 +119,8 @@ The
.Vt amrr
structure member holds the per-vap state for
.Nm
-and
-.Xr ral 4
+and
+.Xr ral 4
initializes it in the vap create method with:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
ieee80211_amrr_init(&rvp->amrr, vap,
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_bmiss.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_bmiss.9
index bd82c3c0b4cb..63b8e9f4ad51 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_bmiss.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_bmiss.9
@@ -56,9 +56,9 @@ This causes some number of ProbeRequest frames to be sent to the
access point to check if the association is still alive.
If no response is received and roaming mode is set to
.Dv IEEE80211_ROAMING_AUTO
-then
+then
.Nm net80211
-will try to re-associate and if that fails
+will try to re-associate and if that fails
trigger a scan to look for the access point or another suitable AP.
When the
.Nm net80211
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_input.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_input.9
index 61b11a5b3b10..9422f0bc6330 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_input.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_input.9
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ RSSI and noise are used by the
layer to make scanning and roaming decisions in station mode
and to do auto channel selection for hostap and similar modes.
Otherwise the values are made available to user applications
-(with the rssi presented as a filtered average over the last ten values
+(with the rssi presented as a filtered average over the last ten values
and the noise floor the last reported value).
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ieee80211 9
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_node.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_node.9
index 180d8c4931a7..452bbcc19306 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_node.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_node.9
@@ -67,18 +67,18 @@
.Ft void
.Fo ieee80211_dump_nodes
.Fa "struct ieee80211_node_table *"
-.Fc
+.Fc
.\"
.Ft void
.Fo ieee80211_dump_node
.Fa "struct ieee80211_node *"
-.Fc
+.Fc
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm net80211
layer that supports 802.11 device drivers maintains a database of
peer stations called the
-.Dq node table
+.Dq node table
in the
.Vt ic_sta
entry of the
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ field.
This reference must be reclaimed by the driver when transmit processing
is done.
For each frame received the driver must lookup the table entry to
-use in dispatching the frame
+use in dispatching the frame
.Dq up the stack .
This lookup implicitly obtains a reference to the table entry and
the driver must reclaim the reference when frame processing is completed.
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@ Entries may be looked up using one of the pre-defined API's or the
.Fn ieee80211_iterate_nodes
call may be used to iterate through all entries to do per-node
processing or implement some non-standard search mechanism.
-Note that
+Note that
.Fn ieee80211_iterate_nodes
is single-threaded per-device
and the effort processing involved is fairly
@@ -206,7 +206,7 @@ iwi_node_free(struct ieee80211_node *ni)
struct ieee80211com *ic = ni->ni_ic;
struct iwi_softc *sc = ic->ic_ifp->if_softc;
struct iwi_node *in = (struct iwi_node *)ni;
-
+
if (in->in_station != -1)
free_unr(sc->sc_unr, in->in_station);
sc->sc_node_free(ni); /* invoke net80211 free handler */
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_output.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_output.9
index 82393bdaa2d7..6a8d3a71e0d8 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_output.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_output.9
@@ -110,13 +110,13 @@ node table entry in the
field.
The node is associated with the frame destination.
Typically it is the receiver's entry but in some situations it may be
-a placeholder entry or the
+a placeholder entry or the
.Dq next hop station
(such as in a mesh network).
In all cases the reference must be reclaimed with
.Fn ieee80211_free_node
when the transmit work is completed.
-The rule to remember is:
+The rule to remember is:
.Nm net80211
passes responsibility for the
.Vt mbuf
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ assigned to the receiving station and/or any Diffserv setting
in an IP or IPv6 header.
If both vlan and Diffserv priority are present the higher of the
two is used.
-If WME/WMM is being used then any ACM policy (in station mode) is
+If WME/WMM is being used then any ACM policy (in station mode) is
also enforced.
The resulting AC is attached to the mbuf and may be read back using the
.Fn M_WME_GETAC
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@ The callback is done using
.Fn ieee80211_process_callback
with the last parameter set to a non-zero value if an error occurred
and zero otherwise.
-Note
+Note
.Nm net80211
understands that drivers may be incapable of determining status;
a device may not report if an ACK frame is received and/or a device may queue
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_proto.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_proto.9
index 1938d6ec1c0b..88412eb35333 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_proto.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_proto.9
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ Beware that data traffic is also gated by whether the associated
.Dq port
is authorized.
When WPA/802.11i/802.1x is operational authorization may happen separately;
-e.g. in station mode
+e.g. in station mode
.Xr wpa_supplicant 8
must complete the handshakes and plumb the necessary keys before a port
is authorized.
@@ -143,14 +143,14 @@ Certain
.Nm net80211
data are valid only in certain states; e.g. the
.Vt iv_bsschan
-that specifies the channel for the operating BSS should never be used
+that specifies the channel for the operating BSS should never be used
except in
.Dv IEEE80211_S_RUN
or greater.
.Sh STATE CHANGES
State machine changes are typically handled internal to the
.Nm net80211
-layer in response to
+layer in response to
.Xr ioctl 2
requests, received frames, or external events such as a beacon miss.
The
@@ -161,7 +161,7 @@ The request is initially processed to handle coordination of multiple vaps.
For example, only one vap at a time can be scanning, if multiple vaps
request a change to
.Dv IEEE80211_S_SCAN
-the first will be permitted to run and the others will be
+the first will be permitted to run and the others will be
.Em deferred
until the scan operation completes at which time the selected channel
will be adopted.
@@ -197,12 +197,12 @@ call the
handles two state changes specially.
On transition to
.Dv IEEE80211_S_RUN
-the
+the
.Dv IFF_DRV_OACTIVE
bit on the vap's transmit queue is cleared so traffic can flow.
On transition to
.Dv IEEE80211_S_INIT
-any state in the scan cache associated with the vap is flushed
+any state in the scan cache associated with the vap is flushed
and any frames pending on the transmit queue are flushed.
.Sh DRIVER INTEGRATION
Drivers are expected to override the
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_radiotap.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_radiotap.9
index 8d44a4785c24..cea2eb4e7f1a 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_radiotap.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_radiotap.9
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ The
.Nm net80211
layer used by 802.11 drivers includes support for a device-independent
packet capture format called
-.Nm radiotap
+.Nm radiotap
that is understood by tools such as
.Xr tcpdump 1 .
This facility is designed for capturing 802.11 traffic,
@@ -257,7 +257,7 @@ struct wi_rx_radiotap_header {
uint16_t wr_chan_flags;
uint8_t wr_antsignal;
uint8_t wr_antnoise;
-} __packed;
+} __packed;
.Ed
.Pp
and transmit definitions for the Atheros driver:
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_regdomain.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_regdomain.9
index 527deb51cbd7..da310ddc7232 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_regdomain.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_regdomain.9
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ The
software layer provides a support framework for drivers that includes
comprehensive regulatory support.
.Nm net80211
-provides mechanisms that enforce
+provides mechanisms that enforce
.Em "regulatory policy"
by privileged user applications.
.Pp
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ and leave proper setup to user applications.
If default settings are known they can be installed and/or an event
can be dispatched to user space using
.Fn ieee80211_notify_country
-so that
+so that
.Xr devd 8
will do the appropriate setup work at system boot (or device insertion).
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_scan.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_scan.9
index b2b77cf86261..54cefa750645 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_scan.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_scan.9
@@ -322,7 +322,7 @@ Existing entries are typically updated based on the latest information
though some information such as RSSI and noise floor readings may be
combined to present an average.
.Pp
-The cache contents is aged through
+The cache contents is aged through
.Fn ieee80211_scan_timeout
calls.
Typically these happen together with other station table activity; every
diff --git a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_vap.9 b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_vap.9
index f5ef20bd4d8f..0c68f6daefd2 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/ieee80211_vap.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/ieee80211_vap.9
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ This data structure must have an
structure at the front but is usually extended with driver-private state.
Next the vap is setup with a call to
.Fn ieee80211_vap_setup .
-This request initializes
+This request initializes
.Nm net80211
state but does not activate the interface.
The driver can then override methods setup by
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ A vap is deleted when an
.Dv SIOCIFDESTROY
ioctl request is made or when the device detaches (causing all
associated vaps to automatically be deleted).
-Delete requests cause the
+Delete requests cause the
.Vt ic_vap_delete
method to be called.
Drivers must quiesce the device before calling
diff --git a/share/man/man9/kproc.9 b/share/man/man9/kproc.9
index a20ab709b1c8..613ac31bc157 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/kproc.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/kproc.9
@@ -77,8 +77,8 @@ A new family of
.Fn kthread_* 9
functions was added to produce
.Em real
-kernel
-.Em threads .
+kernel
+.Em threads .
See the
.Xr kthread 9
man page for more information on those calls.
@@ -227,7 +227,7 @@ The actual suspension of the kernel process is done with
.Pp
The
.Fn kproc_kthread_add
-function is much like the
+function is much like the
.Fn kproc_create
function above except that if the kproc already exists,
then only a new thread (see
diff --git a/share/man/man9/kthread.9 b/share/man/man9/kthread.9
index d2c770b95197..25a20cecf9ed 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/kthread.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/kthread.9
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ kernel threads.
See the
.Xr kproc 9
man page for more information on the renamed calls.
-Also note that the
+Also note that the
.Fn kproc_kthread_add 9
function appears in both pages as its functionality is split.
.Pp
@@ -184,11 +184,11 @@ member of the new thread's
.Pp
The
.Fn kproc_kthread_add
-function is much like the
+function is much like the
.Fn kthread_add
function above except that if the kproc does not already
-exist, it is created.
-This function is better documented in the
+exist, it is created.
+This function is better documented in the
.Xr kproc 9
manual page.
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man9/lock.9 b/share/man/man9/lock.9
index c20839e2d8d1..0e5cfb153731 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/lock.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/lock.9
@@ -363,7 +363,7 @@ or
the
.Fa ilk
must be held prior to calling
-.Fn lockmgr
+.Fn lockmgr
or
.Fn lockmgr_rw ,
and will be returned unlocked.
diff --git a/share/man/man9/locking.9 b/share/man/man9/locking.9
index 7aa73a3b87d0..b528c56b5fae 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/locking.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/locking.9
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ since it may modify protected data.
Reader/writer locks can be treated as mutexes (see above and
.Xr mutex 9 )
with shared/exclusive semantics.
-More specifically, regular mutexes can be
+More specifically, regular mutexes can be
considered to be equivalent to a write-lock on an
.Em rw_lock.
The
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ are anonymous.
Another important property is that shared holders of
.Em rw_lock
can recurse, but exclusive locks are not allowed to recurse.
-This ability should not be used lightly and
+This ability should not be used lightly and
.Em may go away.
.Pp
See
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@ and read-mostly locks.
They don't support priority propagation.
They should be considered to be closely related to
.Xr sleep 9 .
-In fact it could in some cases be
+In fact it could in some cases be
considered a conditional sleep.
.Pp
See
@@ -339,10 +339,10 @@ At this time this is a rather easy to remember table.
.It Xo
.Em "Context:" Ta spin mtx Ta mutex Ta sx Ta rwlock Ta rmlock Ta sleep
.Xc
-.It interrupt filter: Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&no Ta \&no Ta \&no Ta \&no
-.It interrupt thread: Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&no
-.It callout: Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&no
-.It syscall: Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok
+.It interrupt filter: Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&no Ta \&no Ta \&no Ta \&no
+.It interrupt thread: Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&no
+.It callout: Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&ok Ta \&no Ta \&no
+.It syscall: Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok Ta \&ok
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr witness 4 ,
diff --git a/share/man/man9/malloc.9 b/share/man/man9/malloc.9
index 08c9ea7cb700..749093931f57 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/malloc.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/malloc.9
@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ operational characteristics as follows:
.It Dv M_ZERO
Causes the allocated memory to be set to all zeros.
.It Dv M_NODUMP
-For allocations greater than page size, causes the allocated
+For allocations greater than page size, causes the allocated
memory to be excluded from kernel core dumps.
.It Dv M_NOWAIT
Causes
diff --git a/share/man/man9/mi_switch.9 b/share/man/man9/mi_switch.9
index 2f82b5a2121d..46e7a8e9e4cd 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/mi_switch.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/mi_switch.9
@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ From within a function such as
.Xr cv_wait 9 ,
.Xr mtx_lock ,
or
-.Xr tsleep 9
+.Xr tsleep 9
when the current thread
voluntarily relinquishes the CPU to wait for some resource or lock to become
available.
diff --git a/share/man/man9/osd.9 b/share/man/man9/osd.9
index 871575c466ed..ba9c632e1d0c 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/osd.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/osd.9
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ and remains valid until a corresponding call to
.Ss Functions
The
.Fn osd_register
-function registers a type/slot identifier pair with the
+function registers a type/slot identifier pair with the
.Nm
framework for use with a new data type.
The function may sleep and therefore cannot be called from a non-sleepable
diff --git a/share/man/man9/rmlock.9 b/share/man/man9/rmlock.9
index bc20d702a20f..893eb2534f05 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/rmlock.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/rmlock.9
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ Read mostly locks are designed to be efficient for locks almost exclusively
used as reader locks and as such should be used for protecting data that
rarely changes.
Acquiring an exclusive lock after the lock had been locked for shared access
-is an expensive operation.
+is an expensive operation.
.Pp
Although reader/writer locks look very similar to
.Xr sx 9
@@ -196,9 +196,9 @@ This function releases a shared lock previously acquired by
.Fn rm_rlock .
The
.Fa tracker
-argument must match the
-.Fa tracker
-argument used for acquiring the shared lock
+argument must match the
+.Fa tracker
+argument used for acquiring the shared lock
.It Fn rm_wunlock "struct rmlock *rm"
This function releases an exclusive lock previously acquired by
.Fn rm_wlock .
@@ -248,7 +248,7 @@ The
implementation uses a single per CPU list shared by all
rmlocks in the system.
If rmlocks become popular, hashing to multiple per CPU queues may
-be needed to speed up the writer lock process.
+be needed to speed up the writer lock process.
.Pp
The
.Nm
diff --git a/share/man/man9/shm_map.9 b/share/man/man9/shm_map.9
index a711fb620b7f..4ba822260f95 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/shm_map.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/shm_map.9
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ shm_example(int fd)
fdrop(fp, curthread);
return (error);
}
-
+
/* Do something with 'mem'. */
error = shm_unmap(fp, mem, 16384);
diff --git a/share/man/man9/sleep.9 b/share/man/man9/sleep.9
index 469df9c9f99d..91417620aee5 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/sleep.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/sleep.9
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ then the thread will be made
runnable with the specified
.Fa priority
when it resumes.
-.Dv PZERO
+.Dv PZERO
should never be used, as it is for compatibility only.
A new priority of 0 means to use the thread's current priority when
it is made runnable again.
@@ -243,7 +243,7 @@ It is the programmer's responsibility to choose a unique
value.
The older
.Fn wakeup
-function did not require this, though it was never good practice
+function did not require this, though it was never good practice
for threads to share a
.Fa chan
value.
diff --git a/share/man/man9/spl.9 b/share/man/man9/spl.9
index 95a5fc25afff..08fd4d466075 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/spl.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/spl.9
@@ -80,8 +80,8 @@ code locking that the spl did when converting code from versions of the
kernel prior to
.Fx 5.0 .
The examples in this man page are also obsolete and should not be viewed
-as documenting
-.Fx 5.0
+as documenting
+.Fx 5.0
and newer.
.Ef
.Pp
diff --git a/share/man/man9/sysctl_ctx_init.9 b/share/man/man9/sysctl_ctx_init.9
index f17ca3a3317e..cbca5c619327 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/sysctl_ctx_init.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/sysctl_ctx_init.9
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ in most cases, the programmer specifies
as the oid number when creating an oid.
However, during registration of the oid in the tree,
this number is changed to the first available number
-greater than or equal to
+greater than or equal to
.Dv CTL_AUTO_START .
If the first step of context deletion fails,
re-registration of the oid does not change the already assigned oid number
diff --git a/share/man/man9/taskqueue.9 b/share/man/man9/taskqueue.9
index 056ee66a0305..319aa2f23bfe 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/taskqueue.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/taskqueue.9
@@ -116,8 +116,8 @@ thread).
The memory location where the thread identity is recorded is used
to signal the service thread(s) to terminate--when this value is set to
zero and the thread is signaled it will terminate.
-If the queue is intended for use in fast interrupt handlers
-.Fn taskqueue_create_fast
+If the queue is intended for use in fast interrupt handlers
+.Fn taskqueue_create_fast
should be used in place of
.Fn taskqueue_create .
.Pp
@@ -296,9 +296,9 @@ The variable
is used to enqueue tasks onto the queue.
.Pp
.Fn TASKQUEUE_FAST_DEFINE
-and
+and
.Fn TASKQUEUE_FAST_DEFINE_THREAD
-act just like
+act just like
.Fn TASKQUEUE_DEFINE
and
.Fn TASKQUEUE_DEFINE_THREAD
diff --git a/share/man/man9/timeout.9 b/share/man/man9/timeout.9
index 36731c8a2bed..ddc66b573cbd 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/timeout.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/timeout.9
@@ -197,9 +197,9 @@ The function
initializes a callout so it can be passed to
.Fn callout_stop ,
.Fn callout_drain ,
-.Fn callout_reset
+.Fn callout_reset
or
-.Fn callout_schedule
+.Fn callout_schedule
without any side effects.
If the
.Fa mpsafe
diff --git a/share/man/man9/usbdi.9 b/share/man/man9/usbdi.9
index 0e9f9f2e94a6..c04c946e3109 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/usbdi.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/usbdi.9
@@ -179,7 +179,7 @@ zero upon success. A non-zero return value indicates failure.
.
.Fn usbd_transfer_unsetup
This function will release the given USB transfers and all allocated
-resources associated with these USB transfers.
+resources associated with these USB transfers.
.Fa pxfer
is a pointer to an array of USB transfer pointers, that may be NULL,
that should be freed by the USB system.
@@ -283,15 +283,15 @@ usb_default_callback(struct usb_xfer *xfer, usb_error_t error)
usbd_xfer_status(xfer, &actlen, NULL, NULL, NULL);
switch (USB_GET_STATE(xfer)) {
- case USB_ST_SETUP:
+ case USB_ST_SETUP:
/*
* Setup xfer frame lengths/count and data
*/
usbd_transfer_submit(xfer);
break;
- case USB_ST_TRANSFERRED:
- /*
+ case USB_ST_TRANSFERRED:
+ /*
* Read usb frame data, if any.
* "actlen" has the total length for all frames
* transferred.
@@ -300,13 +300,13 @@ usb_default_callback(struct usb_xfer *xfer, usb_error_t error)
default: /* Error */
/*
- * Print error message and clear stall
+ * Print error message and clear stall
* for example.
*/
break;
}
- /*
- * Here it is safe to do something without the private
+ /*
+ * Here it is safe to do something without the private
* USB mutex locked.
*/
return;
@@ -320,7 +320,7 @@ First the SETUP packet, then DATA packet(s) and then a STATUS
packet.
.
The SETUP packet is always pointed to by frame 0 and the
-length is set by
+length is set by
.Fn usbd_xfer_frame_len
also if there should not be
sent any SETUP packet! If an USB control transfer has no DATA stage,
@@ -375,7 +375,7 @@ module defines a USB config structure where it is possible to specify
the characteristics of the wanted endpoint.
.Bd -literal -offset indent
-struct usb_config {
+struct usb_config {
bufsize,
callback
direction,
diff --git a/share/man/man9/vm_map_find.9 b/share/man/man9/vm_map_find.9
index 4aa5fb82193d..1d21baee177e 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/vm_map_find.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/vm_map_find.9
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ by the caller before calling this function to account for the new entry.
If
.Fa find_space
is either
-.Dv VMFS_ALIGNED_SPACE
+.Dv VMFS_ALIGNED_SPACE
or
.Dv VMFS_ANY_SPACE ,
the function will call
diff --git a/share/man/man9/watchdog.9 b/share/man/man9/watchdog.9
index 170812bb3e82..2df9fd6e450f 100644
--- a/share/man/man9/watchdog.9
+++ b/share/man/man9/watchdog.9
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ is zero, the watchdog must be disabled and the
argument left untouched.
If the watchdog cannot be disabled, the
.Fa error
-argument must be set to
+argument must be set to
.Dv EOPNOTSUPP .
.Pp
Else the watchdog should be reset and configured to a timeout of
diff --git a/sys/boot/common/loader.8 b/sys/boot/common/loader.8
index 6c027ff05d4f..7e30bd314eaa 100644
--- a/sys/boot/common/loader.8
+++ b/sys/boot/common/loader.8
@@ -223,7 +223,7 @@ Loads a
.Xr geli 8
encryption keyfile for the given provider name.
The key index can be specified via
-.Ar keyno
+.Ar keyno
or will default to zero.
.Pp
.It Ic ls Xo
diff --git a/sys/boot/forth/loader.conf.5 b/sys/boot/forth/loader.conf.5
index fa83c8f48a6c..5f7a0d7078d4 100644
--- a/sys/boot/forth/loader.conf.5
+++ b/sys/boot/forth/loader.conf.5
@@ -266,7 +266,7 @@ The
stops reading
.Nm
when it encounters a syntax error, so any options which are vital for
-booting a particular system (i.e.\&
+booting a particular system (i.e.\&
.Dq Va hw.ata.ata_dma Ns "=0" )
should precede any experimental additions to
.Nm .
diff --git a/tools/tools/ath/athrd/athrd.1 b/tools/tools/ath/athrd/athrd.1
index ef9f0078721d..59c86f98c56d 100644
--- a/tools/tools/ath/athrd/athrd.1
+++ b/tools/tools/ath/athrd/athrd.1
@@ -82,10 +82,10 @@ and
Mark passive scan channels with lower case letters and active
scan channels with upper case letters.
.It Fl r
-Mark channels that require DFS with a
+Mark channels that require DFS with a
.Ql * .
.It Fl 4
-Mark channels that have a 4ms packet limit with a
+Mark channels that have a 4ms packet limit with a
.Ql 4 .
.It Fl c
Display IEEE channel numbers instead of frequencies.
@@ -117,10 +117,10 @@ Each frequency has a suffix that is one of:
.Ql B ,
.Ql A ,
or
-.Ql T
+.Ql T
according to whether the channel is usable with 802.11g, 802.11b,
802.11a, or Atheros Turbo mode.
-All channels listed as
+All channels listed as
.Ql G
are also usable in
.Ql B .
@@ -158,7 +158,7 @@ Lots belong here.
use the HAL to calculate the set of channels.
The transmit power calculations are done by emulating
how the HAL works.
-Because
+Because
.Nm
does not
read the actual EEPROM contents from a device this emulation may lag
diff --git a/tools/tools/ether_reflect/ether_reflect.1 b/tools/tools/ether_reflect/ether_reflect.1
index 139dcc26bbbd..45ee27a85d0d 100644
--- a/tools/tools/ether_reflect/ether_reflect.1
+++ b/tools/tools/ether_reflect/ether_reflect.1
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@
.Op Fl p
.Op Fl d
.Sh DESCRIPTION
-The
+The
.Nm
command implements a simple ethernet packet reflector using the
.Xr PCAP 3
diff --git a/tools/tools/vimage/vimage.8 b/tools/tools/vimage/vimage.8
index d55bcba476eb..e9a24c411a1e 100644
--- a/tools/tools/vimage/vimage.8
+++ b/tools/tools/vimage/vimage.8
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ image.
.Ss Invocation
If invoked with no modifiers, the
.Nm
-command spawns a new interactive shell in virtual image
+command spawns a new interactive shell in virtual image
.Ar vname .
If optional additional arguments following
.Ar vname
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ Modify the parameters of a virtual image named
.Ar vname ,
using the same syntax as with the -c form of the command.
.It Fl d
-Delete the virtual image
+Delete the virtual image
.Ar vname .
No processes and/or sockets should exist in the target virtual image
in order for the delete request to succeed. Non-loopback interfaces
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ unless an optional argument specifying the desired interface name
is provided.
.El
.Sh EXAMPLES
-Create a new virtual image named
+Create a new virtual image named
.So v1
.Sc ,
which is allowed to create and manage an own subhierarchy of vimages:
diff --git a/usr.bin/bsdiff/bsdiff/bsdiff.1 b/usr.bin/bsdiff/bsdiff/bsdiff.1
index 6c598628a62f..f4998ea2b2ba 100644
--- a/usr.bin/bsdiff/bsdiff/bsdiff.1
+++ b/usr.bin/bsdiff/bsdiff/bsdiff.1
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ The
.Nm
utility does not store the hashes of
.Ar oldfile
-or
+or
.Ar newfile
in
.Ar patchfile .
diff --git a/usr.bin/calendar/calendar.1 b/usr.bin/calendar/calendar.1
index ab15246caafe..423fca341026 100644
--- a/usr.bin/calendar/calendar.1
+++ b/usr.bin/calendar/calendar.1
@@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ Use
as the default calendar file.
.It Fl l Ar longitude
Perform lunar and solar calculations from this longitude.
-If neither longitude nor UTC offset is specified, the calculations will
+If neither longitude nor UTC offset is specified, the calculations will
be based on the difference between UTC time and localtime.
If both are specified, UTC offset overrides longitude.
.It Xo Fl t
@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ For test purposes only: set date directly to argument values.
Perform lunar and solar calculations from this UTC offset.
If neither UTC offset nor longitude is specified, the calculations
will be based on the difference between UTC time and localtime.
-If both are specified, UTC offset overrides longitude.
+If both are specified, UTC offset overrides longitude.
.It Fl W Ar num
Print lines from today and the next
.Ar num
diff --git a/usr.bin/comm/comm.1 b/usr.bin/comm/comm.1
index 2ae526967a7f..e5fc940b56e7 100644
--- a/usr.bin/comm/comm.1
+++ b/usr.bin/comm/comm.1
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ The filename ``-'' means the standard input.
The following options are available:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Fl 1
-Suppress printing of column 1, lines only in
+Suppress printing of column 1, lines only in
.Ar file1 .
.It Fl 2
Suppress printing of column 2, lines only in
diff --git a/usr.bin/csup/cpasswd.1 b/usr.bin/csup/cpasswd.1
index 2563251a01bc..1e5a5c32dda1 100644
--- a/usr.bin/csup/cpasswd.1
+++ b/usr.bin/csup/cpasswd.1
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ server. By convention, e-mail addresses are used for all client
names, e.g.,
.Ql BillyJoe@FreeBSD.org .
Client names are case-insensitive.
-.Pp
+.Pp
.Ar ServerName
is the name of the
.Nm CVSup
diff --git a/usr.bin/csup/csup.1 b/usr.bin/csup/csup.1
index 51106dc81657..5e596815706d 100644
--- a/usr.bin/csup/csup.1
+++ b/usr.bin/csup/csup.1
@@ -649,9 +649,9 @@ called
If
.Ql Makefile
from that directory is not required then the line
-.Pp
+.Pp
.Bl -item -compact -offset indent
-.It
+.It
.Pa doc/Makefile
.El
.Pp
@@ -662,8 +662,8 @@ A better solution would be
.Bl -item -compact -offset indent
.It
.Pa doc/Makefile*
-.El
-.Pp
+.El
+.Pp
which will match whether
.Ql Makefile
is an RCS file or not.
@@ -679,7 +679,7 @@ containing the following lines:
.Pa doc/ru*
.It
.Pa doc/zh*
-.El
+.El
.Pp
As many as three refuse files are examined for each
.Ar supfile
@@ -710,7 +710,7 @@ for
.Ar base
and
.Ar sup
-for
+for
.Ar collDir
but it is possible to override both of these. The value of
.Ar base
@@ -720,11 +720,11 @@ option or a
.Ar base=pathname
entry in the
.Ar supfile .
-(If both are used the
+(If both are used the
.Fl b
option will override the
.Ar supfile
-entry.) The value of
+entry.) The value of
.Ar collDir
can only be changed with the
.Fl c
@@ -779,11 +779,11 @@ in the
.Pp
.Bl -item -compact -offset indent
.It
-.Pa /bar/sup/refuse
+.Pa /bar/sup/refuse
.It
-.Pa /bar/sup/src-all/refuse
+.Pa /bar/sup/src-all/refuse
.It
-.Pa /bar/sup/src-all/refuse.cvs:RELENG_3
+.Pa /bar/sup/src-all/refuse.cvs:RELENG_3
.El
.Pp
and with
@@ -794,7 +794,7 @@ as well:
.Bl -item -compact -offset indent
.It
.Pa /bar/stool/refuse
-.It
+.It
.Pa /bar/stool/src-all/refuse
.It
.Pa /bar/stool/src-all/refuse.cvs:RELENG_3
diff --git a/usr.bin/find/find.1 b/usr.bin/find/find.1
index f7eea50f5bd2..2209e4f87c84 100644
--- a/usr.bin/find/find.1
+++ b/usr.bin/find/find.1
@@ -301,7 +301,7 @@ Please refer to the
.Ic -atime
primary description for information on supported time units.
.It Ic -d
-Same as
+Same as
.Ic depth .
GNU find implements this as a primary in mistaken emulation of
.Fx
@@ -450,12 +450,12 @@ is being executed and the latter matches any file system which is
mounted read-only.
.It Ic -gid Ar gname
The same thing as
-.Ar -group Ar gname
+.Ar -group Ar gname
for compatibility with GNU find.
GNU find imposes a restriction that
-.Ar gname
+.Ar gname
is numeric, while
-.Xr find 1
+.Xr find 1
does not.
.It Ic -group Ar gname
True if the file belongs to the group
@@ -488,7 +488,7 @@ Like
.Ic -regex ,
but the match is case insensitive.
.It Ic -iwholename Ar pattern
-The same thing as
+The same thing as
.Ic -ipath ,
for GNU find compatibility.
.It Ic -links Ar n
@@ -544,7 +544,7 @@ minutes.
Same as
.Ic -newer .
.It Ic -mount
-The same thing as
+The same thing as
.Ic -xdev ,
for GNU find compatibility.
.It Ic -mtime Ar n Ns Op Cm smhdw
@@ -617,7 +617,7 @@ True if the file belongs to an unknown group.
This option is for GNU find compatibility and is ignored.
.It Ic -noleaf
This option is for GNU find compatibility.
-In GNU find it disables an optimization not relevant to
+In GNU find it disables an optimization not relevant to
.Xr find 1 ,
so it is ignored.
.It Ic -nouser
@@ -753,7 +753,7 @@ True if the file is a hard link to
If the command option
.Ic -L
is specified, it is also true if the file is a symbolic link and
-points to
+points to
.Ar name .
.It Ic -size Ar n Ns Op Cm ckMGTP
True if the file's size, rounded up, in 512-byte blocks is
@@ -806,12 +806,12 @@ socket
.El
.It Ic -uid Ar uname
The same thing as
-.Ar -user Ar uname
+.Ar -user Ar uname
for compatibility with GNU find.
GNU find imposes a restriction that
-.Ar uname
+.Ar uname
is numeric, while
-.Xr find 1
+.Xr find 1
does not.
.It Ic -user Ar uname
True if the file belongs to the user
@@ -822,7 +822,7 @@ is numeric and there is no such user name, then
.Ar uname
is treated as a user ID.
.It Ic -wholename Ar pattern
-The same thing as
+The same thing as
.Ic -path ,
for GNU find compatibility.
.El
diff --git a/usr.bin/fstat/fuser.1 b/usr.bin/fstat/fuser.1
index 90252f618e1c..9414e51c1d6b 100644
--- a/usr.bin/fstat/fuser.1
+++ b/usr.bin/fstat/fuser.1
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm fuser
-.Nd list IDs of all processes that have one or more files open
+.Nd list IDs of all processes that have one or more files open
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Op Fl cfkmu
diff --git a/usr.bin/ipcrm/ipcrm.1 b/usr.bin/ipcrm/ipcrm.1
index 30378f244808..2d26335146d9 100644
--- a/usr.bin/ipcrm/ipcrm.1
+++ b/usr.bin/ipcrm/ipcrm.1
@@ -114,6 +114,6 @@ If the identifier or the key is -1, it will remove all these objects.
The wiping of all System V IPC objects was first implemented in
.Fx 6.4 and 7.1.
.Sh AUTHORS
-The original author was Adam Glass.
+The original author was Adam Glass.
The wiping of all System V IPC objects was thought up by Callum
Gibson and extended and implemented by Edwin Groothuis.
diff --git a/usr.bin/locale/locale.1 b/usr.bin/locale/locale.1
index b2aba5defdbf..144f2802e0f8 100644
--- a/usr.bin/locale/locale.1
+++ b/usr.bin/locale/locale.1
@@ -35,11 +35,11 @@
.Nm
.Op Fl a | m
.Nm
-.Fl k
+.Fl k
.Ic list
.Op Ar prefix
.Nm
-.Op Fl ck
+.Op Fl ck
.Ar keyword ...
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
diff --git a/usr.bin/lockf/lockf.1 b/usr.bin/lockf/lockf.1
index 255a8283a1f6..f3ad6dfedb8c 100644
--- a/usr.bin/lockf/lockf.1
+++ b/usr.bin/lockf/lockf.1
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@ A system call (e.g.,
.Xr fork 2 )
failed unexpectedly.
.It Dv EX_SOFTWARE
-The
+The
.Ar command
did not exit normally,
but may have been signaled or stopped.
diff --git a/usr.bin/ministat/ministat.1 b/usr.bin/ministat/ministat.1
index 1e199a19f740..88d5324a05bf 100644
--- a/usr.bin/ministat/ministat.1
+++ b/usr.bin/ministat/ministat.1
@@ -119,12 +119,12 @@ excellent "Cartoon Guide to Statistics" which supplied the above example.
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
-command was written by Poul-Henning Kamp out of frustration
+command was written by Poul-Henning Kamp out of frustration
over all the bogus benchmark claims made by people with no
understanding of the importance of uncertainty and statistics.
.Pp
From
-.Fx 5.2
+.Fx 5.2
it has lived in the source tree as a developer tool, graduating
to the installed system from
.Fx 8.0 .
diff --git a/usr.bin/printf/printf.1 b/usr.bin/printf/printf.1
index 792529ae6770..c5bba974aed3 100644
--- a/usr.bin/printf/printf.1
+++ b/usr.bin/printf/printf.1
@@ -344,7 +344,7 @@ Trying to print a dash ("-") as the first character causes
.Nm
to interpret the dash as a program argument.
.Nm --
-must be used before
+must be used before
.Ar format .
.Pp
If the locale contains multibyte characters
diff --git a/usr.bin/procstat/procstat.1 b/usr.bin/procstat/procstat.1
index 7cf562a7d7c9..6587bd3984dc 100644
--- a/usr.bin/procstat/procstat.1
+++ b/usr.bin/procstat/procstat.1
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ for printing:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Fl b
Display binary information for the process.
-.It Fl c
+.It Fl c
Display command line arguments for the process.
.It Fl e
Display environment variables for the process.
diff --git a/usr.bin/sed/sed.1 b/usr.bin/sed/sed.1
index a6b9ea261e6b..075988997ac4 100644
--- a/usr.bin/sed/sed.1
+++ b/usr.bin/sed/sed.1
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ The
option suppresses this behavior.
.It Fl r
Same as
-.Fl E
+.Fl E
for compatibility with GNU sed.
.El
.Pp
@@ -195,7 +195,7 @@ option was specified);
.It
a context address
that consists of a regular expression preceded and followed by a
-delimiter. The closing delimiter can also optionally be followed by the
+delimiter. The closing delimiter can also optionally be followed by the
.Dq I
character, to indicate that the regular expression is to be matched
in a case-insensitive way.
diff --git a/usr.bin/tftp/tftp.1 b/usr.bin/tftp/tftp.1
index e36fc5dfbf5e..0107878c4eb5 100644
--- a/usr.bin/tftp/tftp.1
+++ b/usr.bin/tftp/tftp.1
@@ -83,7 +83,7 @@ Sets the TFTP blksize2 option in TFTP Read Request or Write Request packets
to
.Ar [size] .
Values are restricted to powers of 2 between 8 and 32768. This is a
-non-standard TFTP option.
+non-standard TFTP option.
.Pp
.It Cm connect Ar host Op Ar port
Set the
@@ -109,7 +109,7 @@ or
commands.
.Pp
.It Cm debug Ar level
-Enable or disable debugging levels during verbose output. The value of
+Enable or disable debugging levels during verbose output. The value of
.Ar level
can be one of
.Cm packet, simple, options,
@@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ are
.Cm off
(disable RFC 2347 options), and
.Cm extra
-(toggle support for non-RFC defined options).
+(toggle support for non-RFC defined options).
.Pp
.It Cm quit
Exit
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ The following RFC's are supported:
.%T RFC 2349: TFTP Timeout Interval and Transfer Size Options
.Re
.Rs
-.%T RFC 3617: Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) Scheme and Applicability Statement for the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
+.%T RFC 3617: Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) Scheme and Applicability Statement for the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
.Re
.Pp
The non-standard
diff --git a/usr.bin/top/top.local.1 b/usr.bin/top/top.local.1
index 015b969b7251..f3b01460b69c 100644
--- a/usr.bin/top/top.local.1
+++ b/usr.bin/top/top.local.1
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-.\" $FreeBSD$
+.\" $FreeBSD$
.SH "FreeBSD NOTES"
.SH DESCRIPTION OF MEMORY
@@ -33,20 +33,20 @@ immediate reallocation
.B Buf:
number of bytes used for BIO-level disk caching
.TP
-.B Free:
+.B Free:
number of bytes free
.TP
-.B Total:
+.B Total:
total available swap usage
-.TP
-.B Free:
+.TP
+.B Free:
total free swap usage
-.TP
-.B Inuse:
+.TP
+.B Inuse:
swap usage
-.TP
-.B In:
+.TP
+.B In:
bytes paged in from swap devices (last interval)
.TP
-.B Out:
+.B Out:
bytes paged out to swap devices (last interval)
diff --git a/usr.bin/touch/touch.1 b/usr.bin/touch/touch.1
index c2b0a607fa2d..87789ecfa15d 100644
--- a/usr.bin/touch/touch.1
+++ b/usr.bin/touch/touch.1
@@ -51,27 +51,27 @@ utility sets the modification and access times of files.
If any file does not exist, it is created with default permissions.
.Pp
By default,
-.Nm
+.Nm
changes both modification and access times. The
.Fl a
-and
+and
.Fl m
flags may be used to select the access time or the modification time
individually.
Selecting both is equivalent to the default.
By default, the timestamps are set to the current time.
-The
+The
.Fl t
flag explicitly specifies a different time, and the
.Fl r
flag specifies to set the times those of the specified file.
-The
+The
.Fl A
flag adjusts the values by a specified amount.
.Pp
The following options are available:
.Bl -tag -width Ds
-.It Fl A
+.It Fl A
Adjust the access and modification time stamps for the file by the
specified value.
This flag is intended for use in modifying files with incorrectly set
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ The number of seconds, from 00 to 59.
.Pp
The
.Fl A
-flag implies the
+flag implies the
.Fl c
flag: if any file specified does not exist, it will be silently ignored.
.It Fl a
diff --git a/usr.sbin/adduser/adduser.conf.5 b/usr.sbin/adduser/adduser.conf.5
index d5fcf772f0f6..c7c4f5d067b9 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/adduser/adduser.conf.5
+++ b/usr.sbin/adduser/adduser.conf.5
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@
.Xr adduser 8
configuration file
.Sh DESCRIPTION
-The
+The
.Pa /etc/adduser.conf
file is automatically generated by the
.Xr adduser 8
diff --git a/usr.sbin/bluetooth/ath3kfw/ath3kfw.8 b/usr.sbin/bluetooth/ath3kfw/ath3kfw.8
index 145535ed00dd..9198853c2213 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/bluetooth/ath3kfw/ath3kfw.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/bluetooth/ath3kfw/ath3kfw.8
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ The options are as follows:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Fl d Ar device_name
Specify
-.Xr ugen 4
+.Xr ugen 4
device name.
.It Fl f Ar firmware_file_name
Specify firmware file name for download.
diff --git a/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/bsdinstall.8 b/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/bsdinstall.8
index 8c47c84da3fd..97033c95ac4f 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/bsdinstall.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/bsdinstall/bsdinstall.8
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ is set, also sets the host name of the current system.
Interactively configures network interfaces (first invoking
.Cm wlanconfig
on wireless interfaces), saving the result to the new system's
-.Pa rc.conf
+.Pa rc.conf
and
.Pa resolv.conf .
If
diff --git a/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/modules/snmp_wlan/snmp_wlan.3 b/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/modules/snmp_wlan/snmp_wlan.3
index 069d2948413d..8282fb8ebe66 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/modules/snmp_wlan/snmp_wlan.3
+++ b/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/modules/snmp_wlan/snmp_wlan.3
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
.\"-
.\" Copyright (C) 2010 The FreeBSD Foundation
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" This documentation was written by Shteryana Sotirova Shopova under
.\" sponsorship from the FreeBSD Foundation.
.\"
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
@@ -61,10 +61,10 @@ via
.Va wlanParentIfName
column. Any optional parameters may be set
via the
-.Va wlanIfaceOperatingMode,
-.Va wlanIfaceFlags,
+.Va wlanIfaceOperatingMode,
+.Va wlanIfaceFlags,
.Va wlanIfaceBssid
-and
+and
.Va wlanIfaceLocalAddress
columns.
To finally create the interface in the system, a SET with value of active(1) to
diff --git a/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/tools/bsnmptools/bsnmpget.1 b/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/tools/bsnmptools/bsnmpget.1
index 23cf943cc31e..57a85d60a30b 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/tools/bsnmptools/bsnmpget.1
+++ b/usr.sbin/bsnmpd/tools/bsnmptools/bsnmpget.1
@@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ By default plain text SNMPv3 PDUs are sent.
The PDU type to send by
.Nm bsmpget
and
-.Nm bsnmpwalk .
+.Nm bsnmpwalk .
Default is get
for
.Nm bsmpget
diff --git a/usr.sbin/cdcontrol/cdcontrol.1 b/usr.sbin/cdcontrol/cdcontrol.1
index b8cf92ddf2d5..f1e969d1baf0 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/cdcontrol/cdcontrol.1
+++ b/usr.sbin/cdcontrol/cdcontrol.1
@@ -131,7 +131,7 @@ Eject the disc.
.It Ic close
Inject the disc.
.It Ic volume
-Same as
+Same as
.Em status volume
command.
.It Ic volume Ar level
diff --git a/usr.sbin/config/config.8 b/usr.sbin/config/config.8
index 03cffb4a0837..784b06b1ca73 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/config/config.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/config/config.8
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ Configure a system for debugging.
.It Fl x Ar kernel
Print kernel configuration file embedded into a kernel
file.
-This option makes sense only if
+This option makes sense only if
.Cd "options INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE"
entry was present in your configuration file.
.It Fl p
@@ -246,7 +246,7 @@ The
utility appeared in
.Bx 4.1 .
.Pp
-Before support for
+Before support for
.Fl x
was introduced,
.Cd "options INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE"
@@ -255,7 +255,7 @@ the new kernel.
This meant that
.Xr strings 1
could be used to extract it from a kernel:
-to extract the configuration information, you had to use
+to extract the configuration information, you had to use
the command:
.Pp
.Dl "strings -n 3 kernel | sed -n 's/^___//p'"
diff --git a/usr.sbin/ctladm/ctladm.8 b/usr.sbin/ctladm/ctladm.8
index d4d044f6c8b2..ddbe976039d0 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/ctladm/ctladm.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/ctladm/ctladm.8
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2003 Silicon Graphics International Corp.
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
.\" ("Disclaimer") and any redistribution must be conditioned upon
.\" including a substantially similar Disclaimer requirement for further
.\" binary redistribution.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" NO WARRANTY
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@
.\" STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
.\" IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
.\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" ctladm utility man page.
.\"
.\" Author: Ken Merry <ken@FreeBSD.org>
@@ -295,7 +295,7 @@ device, so the transfer length
can be calculated accurately. The blocksize can be obtained via the
.Tn SCSI
READ CAPACITY command.
-.It Fl N
+.It Fl N
Do not copy data to
.Nm
from the kernel when doing a read, just execute the command without copying
@@ -459,7 +459,7 @@ the proper error.
.It Fl o
Set the Copan proprietary on/offline bit in the CDB. When this flag is
used, the LUN will be spun down and taken offline ("Logical unit not ready,
-manual intervention required"). See the description of the
+manual intervention required"). See the description of the
.Ic shutdown
and
.Ic startup
@@ -467,7 +467,7 @@ options.
.El
.It Ic synccache
Send the
-.Tn SCSI
+.Tn SCSI
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE command to the device. By default, SYNCHRONIZE
CACHE(10) is used. If the specified starting LBA is greater than
0xffffffff or the length is greater than 0xffff, though,
@@ -550,7 +550,7 @@ may be delayed currently: before data is transferred
and just prior to sending status to the host
.Pq Dq done .
One of the two must be supplied as an argument to the
-.Fl l
+.Fl l
option. The
.Fl t
option must also be specified.
@@ -584,7 +584,7 @@ argument
will show whether SYNCHRONIZE CACHE commands are being sent to the backend
or not.
The default is to send SYNCHRONIZE CACHE commands to the backend.
-The
+The
.Sq on
argument will cause all SYNCHRONIZE CACHE commands sent to all LUNs to be
sent to the backend.
@@ -626,7 +626,7 @@ If the
.Fl c
flag is specified, all commands matching the pattern will be returned with
the specified error until the error injection command is deleted with
-.Fl d
+.Fl d
flag.
.Bl -tag -width 17n
.It Fl i Ar action
@@ -709,7 +709,7 @@ for a given port.
One of
.Fl l ,
.Fl o ,
-or
+or
.Fl w
or
.Fl W
@@ -723,7 +723,7 @@ List all CTL frontend ports or a specific port type or number.
Turn the specified CTL frontend ports off or on.
If no port number or port type is specified, all ports are turned on or
off.
-.It Fl p Ar targ_port
+.It Fl p Ar targ_port
Specify the frontend port number.
The port numbers can be found in the frontend port list.
.It Fl q
@@ -743,7 +743,7 @@ and
.It Fl w Ar wwnn
Set the World Wide Node Name for the given port.
The
-.Fl n
+.Fl n
argument must be specified, since this is only possible to implement on a
single port.
As a general rule, the WWNN should be the same across all ports on the
@@ -957,7 +957,7 @@ This works when the Front End Target Drivers are enabled or disabled.
.Dl ctladm lunlist
.Pp
List all LUNs in the system, along with their inquiry data and device type.
-This only works when the FETDs are enabled, since the commands go through the
+This only works when the FETDs are enabled, since the commands go through the
ioctl port.
.Pp
.Dl ctladm inject 0:6 -i mediumerr -p read -r 0,512 -c
diff --git a/usr.sbin/edquota/edquota.8 b/usr.sbin/edquota/edquota.8
index 326c8373c252..f616fa084c85 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/edquota/edquota.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/edquota/edquota.8
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ megainodes (M), terainodes (T), petainodes (P), or exainodes (E).
If no units are specified, the number of inodes specified are used.
If the
.Fl h
-flag is specified, the editor will always display the
+flag is specified, the editor will always display the
block usage and limits in a more human readable format
rather than displaying them in the historic kilobyte format.
Setting a quota to zero indicates that no quota should be imposed.
diff --git a/usr.sbin/freebsd-update/freebsd-update.8 b/usr.sbin/freebsd-update/freebsd-update.8
index 1943a538276b..2d9a4473e1b8 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/freebsd-update/freebsd-update.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/freebsd-update/freebsd-update.8
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ updates to the FreeBSD base system.
Note that updates are only available if they are being built for the
FreeBSD release and architecture being used; in particular, the
.Fx
-Security Team only builds updates for releases shipped in binary form
+Security Team only builds updates for releases shipped in binary form
by the
.Fx
Release Engineering Team, e.g.,
diff --git a/usr.sbin/gpioctl/gpioctl.8 b/usr.sbin/gpioctl/gpioctl.8
index 4ceecf6f4a11..32ae409836e3 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/gpioctl/gpioctl.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/gpioctl/gpioctl.8
@@ -35,21 +35,21 @@
.Nd GPIO control utility
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
-.Cm -l
+.Cm -l
.Fl f Ar ctldev
.Op Fl v
.Nm
-.Cm -t
+.Cm -t
.Fl f Ar ctldev
.Ar pin
.Nm
-.Cm -c
+.Cm -c
.Fl f Ar ctldev
.Ar pin
-.Ar flag
+.Ar flag
.Op flag ...
.Nm
-.Cm -f Ar ctldev
+.Cm -f Ar ctldev
.Ar pin
.Ar [0|1]
.Sh DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/usr.sbin/i2c/i2c.8 b/usr.sbin/i2c/i2c.8
index dab26ea3b0ad..ac71af3de5a9 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/i2c/i2c.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/i2c/i2c.8
@@ -23,14 +23,14 @@
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
-.\" $FreeBSD$
+.\" $FreeBSD$
.\"
.Dd January 23, 2009
.Dt I2C 8
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm i2c
-.Nd test I2C bus and slave devices
+.Nd test I2C bus and slave devices
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Cm -a Ar address
@@ -120,12 +120,12 @@ Scan the default bus (/dev/iic0) for devices:
.Pp
i2c -s
.It
-Scan the default bus (/dev/iic0) for devices and skip addresses 0x56 and
+Scan the default bus (/dev/iic0) for devices and skip addresses 0x56 and
0x45.
.Pp
i2c -s -n 0x56:0x45
.It
-Scan the default bus (/dev/iic0) for devices and skip address range
+Scan the default bus (/dev/iic0) for devices and skip address range
0x34 to 0x56.
.Pp
i2c -s -n 0x34..0x56
@@ -161,6 +161,6 @@ The
utility and this manual page were written by
.An Bartlomiej Sieka
.Aq tur@semihalf.com
-and
+and
.An Michal Hajduk
.Aq mih@semihalf.com .
diff --git a/usr.sbin/mountd/exports.5 b/usr.sbin/mountd/exports.5
index f2a1474e19b8..3a8950fd0d39 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/mountd/exports.5
+++ b/usr.sbin/mountd/exports.5
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ There are three forms of this specification.
The first is to list all mount points as absolute
directory paths separated by whitespace.
This list of directory paths should be considered an
-.Dq administrative control ,
+.Dq administrative control ,
since it is only enforced by the
.Xr mountd 8
daemon and not the kernel.
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ option is used on
.Xr mountd 8 .
Because NFSv4 does not use the mount protocol,
the
-.Dq administrative controls
+.Dq administrative controls
are not applied.
Thus, all the above export line(s) should be considered to have the
.Fl alldirs
diff --git a/usr.sbin/mptutil/mptutil.8 b/usr.sbin/mptutil/mptutil.8
index d2f35617a95e..bd76ce80f304 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/mptutil/mptutil.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/mptutil/mptutil.8
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@
.Cm volume status Ar volume
.Nm
.Op Fl u Ar unit
-.Cm volume cache Ar volume
+.Cm volume cache Ar volume
.Ar enable|disable
.Nm
.Op Fl u Ar unit
@@ -386,7 +386,7 @@ console.
.Pp
The mpt version 1 API that is used by
.Nm
-and
+and
.Xr mpt 4
doesn't support volumes above two terabytes.
This is a limitation of the API.
diff --git a/usr.sbin/newsyslog/newsyslog.conf.5 b/usr.sbin/newsyslog/newsyslog.conf.5
index 6a12cadddee9..589d98f0afab 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/newsyslog/newsyslog.conf.5
+++ b/usr.sbin/newsyslog/newsyslog.conf.5
@@ -304,7 +304,7 @@ when this log file is rotated.
.It Cm R
if this flag is set the
.Xr newsyslog 8
-will run shell command defined in
+will run shell command defined in
.Ar path_to_pid_cmd_file
after rotation instead of trying to send signal to a process id
stored in the file.
diff --git a/usr.sbin/pciconf/pciconf.8 b/usr.sbin/pciconf/pciconf.8
index 72586dd8b568..6b7729144d06 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/pciconf/pciconf.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/pciconf/pciconf.8
@@ -185,7 +185,7 @@ Ns Va function Ns ,
.Li pci Ns Va bus Ns \&: Ns Va device Ns \&: Ns Va function Ns , or
.Li pci Ns Va bus Ns \&: Ns Va device Ns .
In case of an abridged form, omitted selector components are assumed to be 0.
-An optional leading device name followed by @ and an optional final colon
+An optional leading device name followed by @ and an optional final colon
will be ignored; this is so that the first column in the output of
.Nm
.Fl l
diff --git a/usr.sbin/pkg_install/updating/pkg_updating.1 b/usr.sbin/pkg_install/updating/pkg_updating.1
index 9ab6dc8b594b..999d1f944bc8 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/pkg_install/updating/pkg_updating.1
+++ b/usr.sbin/pkg_install/updating/pkg_updating.1
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
.\"
-.\" FreeBSD updating - Scan the installed ports and show all UPDATING entries
-.\" that affect one of the installed ports. Alternative a list of portnames
+.\" FreeBSD updating - Scan the installed ports and show all UPDATING entries
+.\" that affect one of the installed ports. Alternative a list of portnames
.\" could be passed to pkg_updating
.\"
.\" "THE BEER-WARE LICENSE" (Revision 42):
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ UPDATING entries for the named packages are displayed.
Only entries newer than
.Ar date
are shown. Use a YYYYMMDD date format.
-.It Fl f , -file Ar file
+.It Fl f , -file Ar file
Defines a alternative location of the UPDATING
.Ar file .
.It Fl h , -help
diff --git a/usr.sbin/rtadvd/rtadvd.8 b/usr.sbin/rtadvd/rtadvd.8
index b2e667023242..4b74eb4ed0c3 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/rtadvd/rtadvd.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/rtadvd/rtadvd.8
@@ -158,7 +158,7 @@ to reload the configuration file
.Pa /etc/rtadvd.conf .
If an invalid parameter is found in the configuration file upon the reload,
the entry will be ignored and the old configuration will be used.
-When parameters in an existing entry are updated,
+When parameters in an existing entry are updated,
.Nm
will send Router Advertisement messages with the old configuration but
zero router lifetime to the interface first, and then start to send a new
diff --git a/usr.sbin/setfib/setfib.1 b/usr.sbin/setfib/setfib.1
index 37753a078a72..f36792caa0a5 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/setfib/setfib.1
+++ b/usr.sbin/setfib/setfib.1
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@
.Nd execute a utility with an altered default network view
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
-.Op Fl F
+.Op Fl F
.Ar fib
.Ar utility
.Op Ar argument ...
diff --git a/usr.sbin/tcpdump/tcpdump/tcpdump.1 b/usr.sbin/tcpdump/tcpdump/tcpdump.1
index 84e75c5fae55..61f5727ef71c 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/tcpdump/tcpdump/tcpdump.1
+++ b/usr.sbin/tcpdump/tcpdump/tcpdump.1
@@ -272,7 +272,7 @@ The default is \fBdes-cbc\fP.
The ability to decrypt packets is only present if \fItcpdump\fP was compiled
with cryptography enabled.
.IP
-\fIsecret\fP is the ASCII text for ESP secret key.
+\fIsecret\fP is the ASCII text for ESP secret key.
If preceded by 0x, then a hex value will be read.
.IP
The option assumes RFC2406 ESP, not RFC1827 ESP.
@@ -284,7 +284,7 @@ you make it visible to others, via
and other occasions.
.IP
In addition to the above syntax, the syntax \fIfile name\fP may be used
-to have tcpdump read the provided file in. The file is opened upon
+to have tcpdump read the provided file in. The file is opened upon
receiving the first ESP packet, so any special permissions that tcpdump
may have been given should already have been given up.
.TP
@@ -540,16 +540,16 @@ See
for a description of the file format.
.TP
.B \-W
-Used in conjunction with the
-.B \-C
+Used in conjunction with the
+.B \-C
option, this will limit the number
of files created to the specified number, and begin overwriting files
-from the beginning, thus creating a 'rotating' buffer.
+from the beginning, thus creating a 'rotating' buffer.
In addition, it will name
the files with enough leading 0s to support the maximum number of
files, allowing them to sort correctly.
.IP
-Used in conjunction with the
+Used in conjunction with the
.B \-G
option, this will limit the number of rotated dump files that get
created, exiting with status 0 when reaching the limit. If used with
@@ -559,7 +559,7 @@ as well, the behavior will result in cyclical files per timeslice.
.B \-x
When parsing and printing,
in addition to printing the headers of each packet, print the data of
-each packet (minus its link level header) in hex.
+each packet (minus its link level header) in hex.
The smaller of the entire packet or
.I snaplen
bytes will be printed. Note that this is the entire link-layer
@@ -1156,7 +1156,7 @@ tcp-push, tcp-act, tcp-urg.
.PP
This can be demonstrated as:
.RS
-.B
+.B
tcpdump -i xl0 'tcp[tcpflags] & tcp-push != 0'
.RE
.PP
diff --git a/usr.sbin/timed/timed/timed.8 b/usr.sbin/timed/timed/timed.8
index 119bbc428ab8..8dabd38ddc25 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/timed/timed/timed.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/timed/timed/timed.8
@@ -86,20 +86,20 @@ If it finds an untrusted host claiming to be master,
will suppress incoming messages from that host
and call for a new election.
.It
-Use real host names (resolvable by RDNS) not aliases (eg in
+Use real host names (resolvable by RDNS) not aliases (eg in
.Xr named 8
parlance: use A names, not C names).
.It
Use full names eg time1.domain.com not time1.
.It
.Fl F
-automatically includes the functionality of
+automatically includes the functionality of
.Fl M
(so
.Fl M
does not need to asserted).
.It
-If
+If
.Fl F
is not specified,
all hosts on connected networks are treated as trustworthy.
diff --git a/usr.sbin/wlandebug/wlandebug.8 b/usr.sbin/wlandebug/wlandebug.8
index 25fd0af2c948..3049000e4e33 100644
--- a/usr.sbin/wlandebug/wlandebug.8
+++ b/usr.sbin/wlandebug/wlandebug.8
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ program.
.It Ar mesh
trace operation of 802.11s mesh protocol processing.
.It Ar wpa
-trace operation of the WPA protocol;
+trace operation of the WPA protocol;
only partly meaningful as WPA protocol
support is mostly implemented in user mode by the
.Xr hostapd 8