path: root/contrib/ncurses/man/curs_getch.3x
diff options
Diffstat (limited to 'contrib/ncurses/man/curs_getch.3x')
1 files changed, 49 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/contrib/ncurses/man/curs_getch.3x b/contrib/ncurses/man/curs_getch.3x
index 73e1a29679b1..71fed5f7b60d 100644
--- a/contrib/ncurses/man/curs_getch.3x
+++ b/contrib/ncurses/man/curs_getch.3x
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
'\" t
-.\" Copyright (c) 1998-2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
+.\" Copyright (c) 1998-2005,2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
.\" *
.\" Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a *
.\" copy of this software and associated documentation files (the *
@@ -27,8 +27,10 @@
.\" authorization. *
-.\" $Id: curs_getch.3x,v 1.21 2002/03/17 14:36:21 tom Exp $
+.\" $Id: curs_getch.3x,v 1.30 2006/12/02 17:02:53 tom Exp $
.TH curs_getch 3X ""
+.hy 0
@@ -36,9 +38,11 @@
\fBhas_key\fR \- get (or push back) characters from \fBcurses\fR terminal keyboard
\fB#include <curses.h>\fR
\fBint getch(void);\fR
\fBint wgetch(WINDOW *win);\fR
@@ -63,7 +67,7 @@ or after the first newline (nocbreak mode).
In half-delay mode,
the program waits until a character is typed or the
specified timeout has been reached.
Unless \fBnoecho\fR has been set,
then the character will also be echoed into the
designated window according to the following rules:
@@ -73,19 +77,19 @@ as if \fBdelch\fR had been called.
If the character value is any other \fBKEY_\fR define, the user is alerted
with a \fBbeep\fR call.
Otherwise the character is simply output to the screen.
If the window is not a pad, and it has been moved or modified since the last
call to \fBwrefresh\fR, \fBwrefresh\fR will be called before another character
is read.
If \fBkeypad\fR is \fBTRUE\fR, and a function key is pressed, the token for
that function key is returned instead of the raw characters.
Possible function
keys are defined in \fB<curses.h>\fR as macros with values outside the range
-of 8-bit characters whose names begin with \fBKEY_.\fR Thus, a variable
+of 8-bit characters whose names begin with \fBKEY_\fR. Thus, a variable
intended to hold the return value of a function key must be of short size or
When a character that could be the beginning of a function key is received
(which, on modern terminals, means an escape character),
\fBcurses\fR sets a timer.
@@ -94,11 +98,11 @@ time, the character is passed through;
otherwise, the function key value is returned.
For this reason, many terminals experience a delay between the time
a user presses the escape key and the escape is returned to the program.
The \fBungetch\fR routine places \fIch\fR back onto the input queue to be
returned by the next call to \fBwgetch\fR.
There is just one input queue for all windows.
.SS Function Keys
The following function keys, defined in \fB<curses.h>\fR, might be returned by
\fBgetch\fR if \fBkeypad\fR has been enabled.
@@ -110,7 +114,6 @@ center tab(/) ;
l l
l l .
\fIName\fR/\fIKey\fR \fIname\fR
KEY_BREAK/Break key
KEY_DOWN/The four arrow keys ...
@@ -143,7 +146,7 @@ KEY_ENTER/Enter or send
KEY_SRESET/Soft (partial) reset
KEY_RESET/Reset or hard reset
KEY_PRINT/Print or copy
-KEY_LL/Home down or bottom (lower left).
+KEY_LL/Home down or bottom (lower left)
KEY_A1/Upper left of keypad
KEY_A3/Upper right of keypad
KEY_B2/Center of keypad
@@ -208,7 +211,7 @@ KEY_SUNDO/Shifted undo key
KEY_SUSPEND/Suspend key
KEY_UNDO/Undo key
Keypad is arranged like this:
@@ -222,34 +225,50 @@ c c c .
The \fBhas_key\fR routine takes a key value from the above list, and
returns TRUE or FALSE according to whether
the current terminal type recognizes a key with that value.
+Note that a few values do not correspond to a real key,
+e.g., \fBKEY_RESIZE\fP and \fBKEY_MOUSE\fP.
+See \fBresizeterm\fR(3X) for more details about \fBKEY_RESIZE\fP, and
+\fBcurs_mouse\fR(3X) for a discussion of \fBKEY_MOUSE\fP.
All routines return the integer \fBERR\fR upon failure and an integer value
other than \fBERR\fR (\fBOK\fR in the case of ungetch()) upon successful
+.TP 5
+returns an error
+if there is no more room in the FIFO.
+.TP 5
+returns an error
+if the window pointer is null, or
+if its timeout expires without having any data.
Use of the escape key by a programmer for a single character function is
discouraged, as it will cause a delay of up to one second while the
keypad code looks for a following function-key sequence.
Note that some keys may be the same as commonly used control
-keys, e.g., KEY_ENTER versus control/M, KEY_BACKSPACE versus control/H.
+keys, e.g., \fBKEY_ENTER\fP versus control/M, \fBKEY_BACKSPACE\fP versus control/H.
Some curses implementations may differ according to whether they
treat these control keys specially (and ignore the terminfo), or
use the terminfo definitions.
\fBNcurses\fR uses the terminfo definition.
-If it says that KEY_ENTER is control/M, \fBgetch\fR, will return KEY_ENTER
+If it says that \fBKEY_ENTER\fP is control/M,
+\fBgetch\fR will return \fBKEY_ENTER\fP
when you press control/M.
When using \fBgetch\fR, \fBwgetch\fR, \fBmvgetch\fR, or
\fBmvwgetch\fR, nocbreak mode (\fBnocbreak\fR) and echo mode
(\fBecho\fR) should not be used at the same time.
Depending on the
state of the tty driver when each character is typed, the program may
produce undesirable results.
Note that \fBgetch\fR, \fBmvgetch\fR, and \fBmvwgetch\fR may be macros.
Historically, the set of keypad macros was largely defined by the extremely
function-key-rich keyboard of the AT&T 7300, aka 3B1, aka Safari 4.
@@ -266,27 +285,27 @@ They
read single-byte characters only.
The standard specifies that they return
\fBERR\fR on failure, but specifies no error conditions.
The echo behavior of these functions on input of \fBKEY_\fR or backspace
characters was not specified in the SVr4 documentation.
This description is
adopted from the XSI Curses standard.
The behavior of \fBgetch\fR and friends in the presence of handled signals is
unspecified in the SVr4 and XSI Curses documentation.
Under historical curses
implementations, it varied depending on whether the operating system's
implementation of handled signal receipt interrupts a \fBread\fR(2) call in
progress or not, and also (in some implementations) depending on whether an
-input timeout or non-blocking mode hsd been set.
+input timeout or non-blocking mode has been set.
Programmers concerned about portability should be prepared for either of two
cases: (a) signal receipt does not interrupt \fBgetch\fR; (b) signal receipt
interrupts \fBgetch\fR and causes it to return ERR with \fBerrno\fR set to
Under the \fBncurses\fR implementation, handled signals never
interrupt \fBgetch\fR.
The \fBhas_key\fR function is unique to \fBncurses\fR.
We recommend that
any code using it be conditionalized on the \fBNCURSES_VERSION\fR feature macro.
@@ -295,8 +314,12 @@ any code using it be conditionalized on the \fBNCURSES_VERSION\fR feature macro.
+Comparable functions in the wide-character (ncursesw) library are
+described in
.\"# The following sets edit modes for GNU EMACS
.\"# Local Variables: