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-rw-r--r--doc/html/man/curs_add_wch.3x.html132
1 files changed, 75 insertions, 57 deletions
diff --git a/doc/html/man/curs_add_wch.3x.html b/doc/html/man/curs_add_wch.3x.html
index 3891f83ccf57..2aa592000831 100644
--- a/doc/html/man/curs_add_wch.3x.html
+++ b/doc/html/man/curs_add_wch.3x.html
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
* sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written *
* authorization. *
****************************************************************************
- * @Id: curs_add_wch.3x,v 1.26 2020/02/02 23:34:34 tom Exp @
+ * @Id: curs_add_wch.3x,v 1.28 2020/10/17 23:10:38 tom Exp @
-->
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN">
<HTML>
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@
<STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wadd_wch(</STRONG> <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
<STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvadd_wch(</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>y</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>x</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
<STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvwadd_wch(</STRONG> <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>y</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>x</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
+
<STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>echo_wchar(</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
<STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wecho_wchar(</STRONG> <STRONG>WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>wch</EM> <STRONG>);</STRONG>
@@ -66,20 +67,20 @@
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a></H2><PRE>
</PRE><H3><a name="h3-add_wch">add_wch</a></H3><PRE>
- The <STRONG>add_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvadd_wch</STRONG>, and <STRONG>mvwadd_wch</STRONG> functions put the com-
- plex character <EM>wch</EM> into the given window at its current position, which
- is then advanced. These functions perform wrapping and special-charac-
- ter processing as follows:
+ The <STRONG>add_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvadd_wch</STRONG>, and <STRONG>mvwadd_wch</STRONG> functions put the
+ complex character <EM>wch</EM> into the given window at its current position,
+ which is then advanced. These functions perform wrapping and special-
+ character processing as follows:
<STRONG>o</STRONG> If <EM>wch</EM> refers to a spacing character, then any previous character
at that location is removed. A new character specified by <EM>wch</EM> is
- placed at that location with rendition specified by <EM>wch</EM>. The cur-
- sor then advances to the next spacing character on the screen.
+ placed at that location with rendition specified by <EM>wch</EM>. The
+ cursor then advances to the next spacing character on the screen.
<STRONG>o</STRONG> If <EM>wch</EM> refers to a non-spacing character, all previous characters
at that location are preserved. The non-spacing characters of <EM>wch</EM>
- are added to the spacing complex character, and the rendition spec-
- ified by <EM>wch</EM> is ignored.
+ are added to the spacing complex character, and the rendition
+ specified by <EM>wch</EM> is ignored.
<STRONG>o</STRONG> If the character part of <EM>wch</EM> is a tab, newline, backspace or other
control character, the window is updated and the cursor moves as if
@@ -88,18 +89,18 @@
</PRE><H3><a name="h3-echo_wchar">echo_wchar</a></H3><PRE>
The <STRONG>echo_wchar</STRONG> function is functionally equivalent to a call to <STRONG>add_wch</STRONG>
- followed by a call to <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>. Similarly, the <STRONG>wecho_wchar</STRONG> is func-
- tionally equivalent to a call to <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG> followed by a call to <STRONG>wre-</STRONG>
- <STRONG>fresh</STRONG>. The knowledge that only a single character is being output is
- taken into consideration and, for non-control characters, a consider-
- able performance gain might be seen by using the *<STRONG>echo</STRONG>* functions
- instead of their equivalents.
+ followed by a call to <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>. Similarly, the <STRONG>wecho_wchar</STRONG> is
+ functionally equivalent to a call to <STRONG>wadd_wch</STRONG> followed by a call to
+ <STRONG>wrefresh</STRONG>. The knowledge that only a single character is being output
+ is taken into consideration and, for non-control characters, a
+ considerable performance gain might be seen by using the *<STRONG>echo</STRONG>*
+ functions instead of their equivalents.
</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Line-Graphics">Line Graphics</a></H3><PRE>
Like <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">addch(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>addch_wch</STRONG> accepts symbols which make it simple to draw
- lines and other frequently used special characters. These symbols cor-
- respond to the same VT100 line-drawing set as <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">addch(3x)</A></STRONG>.
+ lines and other frequently used special characters. These symbols
+ correspond to the same VT100 line-drawing set as <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">addch(3x)</A></STRONG>.
<STRONG>ACS</STRONG> <STRONG>Unicode</STRONG> <STRONG>ASCII</STRONG> <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> <STRONG>Glyph</STRONG>
<STRONG>Name</STRONG> <STRONG>Default</STRONG> <STRONG>Default</STRONG> <STRONG>char</STRONG> <STRONG>Name</STRONG>
@@ -111,8 +112,8 @@
WACS_CKBOARD 0x2592 : a checker board (stipple)
WACS_DARROW 0x2193 v . arrow pointing down
WACS_DEGREE 0x00b0 ' f degree symbol
- WACS_DIAMOND 0x25c6 + ` diamond
+ WACS_DIAMOND 0x25c6 + ` diamond
WACS_GEQUAL 0x2265 &gt; &gt; greater-than-or-equal-to
WACS_HLINE 0x2500 - q horizontal line
WACS_LANTERN 0x2603 # i lantern symbol
@@ -188,7 +189,24 @@
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-RETURN-VALUE">RETURN VALUE</a></H2><PRE>
All routines return the integer <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> upon failure and <STRONG>OK</STRONG> on success.
- Functions with a "mv" prefix first perform a cursor movement using
+ X/Open does not define any error conditions. This implementation
+ returns an error
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> if the window pointer is null or
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> if it is not possible to add a complete character in the window.
+
+ The latter may be due to different causes:
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> If <STRONG>scrollok</STRONG> is not enabled, writing a character at the lower right
+ margin succeeds. However, an error is returned because it is not
+ possible to wrap to a new line
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> If an error is detected when converting a multibyte character to a
+ sequence of bytes, or if it is not possible to add all of the
+ resulting bytes in the window, an error is returned.
+
+ Functions with a "mv" prefix first perform a cursor movement using
<STRONG>wmove</STRONG>, and return an error if the position is outside the window, or if
the window pointer is null.
@@ -198,77 +216,77 @@
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-PORTABILITY">PORTABILITY</a></H2><PRE>
- All of these functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue
- 4. The defaults specified for line-drawing characters apply in the
+ All of these functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue
+ 4. The defaults specified for line-drawing characters apply in the
POSIX locale.
- X/Open Curses makes it clear that the WACS_ symbols should be defined
+ X/Open Curses makes it clear that the WACS_ symbols should be defined
as a pointer to <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> data, e.g., in the discussion of <STRONG>border_set</STRONG>. A
few implementations are problematic:
<STRONG>o</STRONG> NetBSD curses defines the symbols as a <STRONG>wchar_t</STRONG> within a <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG>.
<STRONG>o</STRONG> HPUX curses equates some of the <EM>ACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> symbols to the analogous <EM>WACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG>
- symbols as if the <EM>ACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> symbols were wide characters. The misde-
- fined symbols are the arrows and other symbols which are not used
- for line-drawing.
+ symbols as if the <EM>ACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> symbols were wide characters. The
+ misdefined symbols are the arrows and other symbols which are not
+ used for line-drawing.
X/Open Curses does not define symbols for thick- or double-lines. SVr4
- curses implementations defined their line-drawing symbols in terms of
- intermediate symbols. This implementation extends those symbols, pro-
- viding new definitions which are not in the SVr4 implementations.
-
- Not all Unicode-capable terminals provide support for VT100-style
- alternate character sets (i.e., the <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> capability), with their corre-
- sponding line-drawing characters. X/Open Curses did not address the
- aspect of integrating Unicode with line-drawing characters. Existing
- implementations of Unix curses (AIX, HPUX, Solaris) use only the <STRONG>acsc</STRONG>
- character-mapping to provide this feature. As a result, those imple-
- mentations can only use single-byte line-drawing characters. Ncurses
- 5.3 (2002) provided a table of Unicode values to solve these problems.
- NetBSD curses incorporated that table in 2010.
-
- In this implementation, the Unicode values are used instead of the ter-
- minal description's <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> mapping as discussed in <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG> for the
- environment variable <STRONG>NCURSES_NO_UTF8_ACS</STRONG>. In contrast, for the same
+ curses implementations defined their line-drawing symbols in terms of
+ intermediate symbols. This implementation extends those symbols,
+ providing new definitions which are not in the SVr4 implementations.
+
+ Not all Unicode-capable terminals provide support for VT100-style
+ alternate character sets (i.e., the <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> capability), with their
+ corresponding line-drawing characters. X/Open Curses did not address
+ the aspect of integrating Unicode with line-drawing characters.
+ Existing implementations of Unix curses (AIX, HPUX, Solaris) use only
+ the <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> character-mapping to provide this feature. As a result, those
+ implementations can only use single-byte line-drawing characters.
+ Ncurses 5.3 (2002) provided a table of Unicode values to solve these
+ problems. NetBSD curses incorporated that table in 2010.
+
+ In this implementation, the Unicode values are used instead of the
+ terminal description's <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> mapping as discussed in <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG> for the
+ environment variable <STRONG>NCURSES_NO_UTF8_ACS</STRONG>. In contrast, for the same
cases, the line-drawing characters described in <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG> will use
only the ASCII default values.
- Having Unicode available does not solve all of the problems with line-
+ Having Unicode available does not solve all of the problems with line-
drawing for curses:
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> The closest Unicode equivalents to the VT100 graphics <EM>S1</EM>, <EM>S3</EM>, <EM>S7</EM>
- and <EM>S9</EM> frequently are not displayed at the regular intervals which
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The closest Unicode equivalents to the VT100 graphics <EM>S1</EM>, <EM>S3</EM>, <EM>S7</EM>
+ and <EM>S9</EM> frequently are not displayed at the regular intervals which
the terminal used.
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> The <EM>lantern</EM> is a special case. It originated with the AT&amp;T 4410
- terminal in the early 1980s. There is no accessible documentation
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The <EM>lantern</EM> is a special case. It originated with the AT&amp;T 4410
+ terminal in the early 1980s. There is no accessible documentation
depicting the lantern symbol on the AT&amp;T terminal.
Lacking documentation, most readers assume that a <EM>storm</EM> <EM>lantern</EM> was
intended. But there are several possibilities, all with problems.
- Unicode 6.0 (2010) does provide two lantern symbols: U+1F383 and
- U+1F3EE. Those were not available in 2002, and are irrelevant
- since they lie outside the BMP and as a result are not generally
+ Unicode 6.0 (2010) does provide two lantern symbols: U+1F383 and
+ U+1F3EE. Those were not available in 2002, and are irrelevant
+ since they lie outside the BMP and as a result are not generally
available in terminals. They are not storm lanterns, in any case.
Most <EM>storm</EM> <EM>lanterns</EM> have a tapering glass chimney (to guard against
tipping); some have a wire grid protecting the chimney.
- For the tapering appearance, U+2603 was adequate. In use on a
+ For the tapering appearance, U+2603 was adequate. In use on a
terminal, no one can tell what the image represents. Unicode calls
it a snowman.
- Others have suggested these alternatives: S U+00A7 (section mark),
- <STRONG>O</STRONG> U+0398 (theta), <STRONG>O</STRONG> U+03A6 (phi), d U+03B4 (delta), U+2327 (x in a
- rectangle), U+256C (forms double vertical and horizontal), and
- U+2612 (ballot box with x).
+ Others have suggested these alternatives: &lt;section&gt; U+00A7 (section
+ mark), &lt;Theta&gt; U+0398 (theta), &lt;Phi&gt; U+03A6 (phi), &lt;delta&gt; U+03B4
+ (delta), U+2327 (x in a rectangle), U+256C (forms double vertical
+ and horizontal), and U+2612 (ballot box with x).
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</a></H2><PRE>
- <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>curs_out-</STRONG>
- <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">opts(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>putwc(3)</STRONG>
+ <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_addch.3x.html">curs_addch(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>,
+ <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>putwc(3)</STRONG>