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-rw-r--r--doc/html/man/curs_addch.3x.html101
1 files changed, 57 insertions, 44 deletions
diff --git a/doc/html/man/curs_addch.3x.html b/doc/html/man/curs_addch.3x.html
index fa2f94df2b37..ba13e2a725a3 100644
--- a/doc/html/man/curs_addch.3x.html
+++ b/doc/html/man/curs_addch.3x.html
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@
* sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written *
* authorization. *
****************************************************************************
- * @Id: curs_addch.3x,v 1.51 2020/02/02 23:34:34 tom Exp @
+ * @Id: curs_addch.3x,v 1.55 2020/10/24 09:12:31 tom Exp @
-->
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN">
<HTML>
@@ -55,12 +55,13 @@
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</a></H2><PRE>
<STRONG>#include</STRONG> <STRONG>&lt;curses.h&gt;</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>addch(const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <STRONG>ch);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>waddch(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*win,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <STRONG>ch);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvaddch(int</STRONG> <STRONG>y,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>x,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <STRONG>ch);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvwaddch(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*win,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>y,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>x,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <STRONG>ch);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>echochar(const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <STRONG>ch);</STRONG>
- <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wechochar(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*win,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <STRONG>ch);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>addch(const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <EM>ch</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>waddch(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <EM>ch</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvaddch(int</STRONG> <EM>y</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>x</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <EM>ch</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>mvwaddch(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>y</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>int</STRONG> <EM>x</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <EM>ch</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
+
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>echochar(const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <EM>ch</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>int</STRONG> <STRONG>wechochar(WINDOW</STRONG> <STRONG>*</STRONG><EM>win</EM><STRONG>,</STRONG> <STRONG>const</STRONG> <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> <EM>ch</EM><STRONG>);</STRONG>
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a></H2><PRE>
@@ -95,34 +96,35 @@
<STRONG>o</STRONG> Tabs are considered to be at every eighth column. The tab interval
may be altered by setting the <STRONG>TABSIZE</STRONG> variable.
- If <EM>ch</EM> is any other control character, it is drawn in <STRONG>^</STRONG><EM>X</EM> notation.
- Calling <STRONG>winch</STRONG> after adding a control character does not return the
- character itself, but instead returns the ^-representation of the con-
- trol character.
+ If <EM>ch</EM> is any other nonprintable character, it is drawn in printable
+ form, i.e., the <STRONG>^</STRONG><EM>X</EM> notation used by <STRONG><A HREF="unctrl.3x.html">unctrl(3x)</A></STRONG>. Calling <STRONG>winch</STRONG> after
+ adding a nonprintable character does not return the character itself,
+ but instead returns the printable representation of the character.
Video attributes can be combined with a character argument passed to
<STRONG>addch</STRONG> or related functions by logical-ORing them into the character.
(Thus, text, including attributes, can be copied from one place to
- another using <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">inch(3x)</A></STRONG> and <STRONG>addch</STRONG>.) See the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG> page for val-
- ues of predefined video attribute constants that can be usefully OR'ed
- into characters.
+ another using <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">inch(3x)</A></STRONG> and <STRONG>addch</STRONG>.) See the <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG> page for
+ values of predefined video attribute constants that can be usefully
+ OR'ed into characters.
</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Echoing-characters">Echoing characters</a></H3><PRE>
The <STRONG>echochar</STRONG> and <STRONG>wechochar</STRONG> routines are equivalent to a call to <STRONG>addch</STRONG>
followed by a call to <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>, or a call to <STRONG>waddch</STRONG> followed by a
call to <STRONG>wrefresh</STRONG>. The knowledge that only a single character is being
- output is used and, for non-control characters, a considerable perfor-
- mance gain may be seen by using these routines instead of their equiva-
- lents.
+ output is used and, for non-control characters, a considerable
+ performance gain may be seen by using these routines instead of their
+ equivalents.
</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Line-Graphics">Line Graphics</a></H3><PRE>
The following variables may be used to add line drawing characters to
the screen with routines of the <STRONG>addch</STRONG> family. The default character
listed below is used if the <STRONG>acsc</STRONG> capability does not define a terminal-
- specific replacement for it, or if the terminal and locale configura-
- tion requires Unicode but the library is unable to use Unicode.
+ specific replacement for it, or if the terminal and locale
+ configuration requires Unicode but the library is unable to use
+ Unicode.
The names are taken from VT100 nomenclature.
@@ -165,14 +167,25 @@
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-RETURN-VALUE">RETURN VALUE</a></H2><PRE>
All routines return the integer <STRONG>ERR</STRONG> upon failure and <STRONG>OK</STRONG> on success (the
- SVr4 manuals specify only "an integer value other than <STRONG>ERR</STRONG>") upon suc-
- cessful completion, unless otherwise noted in the preceding routine
+ SVr4 manuals specify only "an integer value other than <STRONG>ERR</STRONG>") upon
+ successful completion, unless otherwise noted in the preceding routine
descriptions.
- Functions with a "mv" prefix first perform a cursor movement using
+ Functions with a "mv" prefix first perform a cursor movement using
<STRONG>wmove</STRONG>, and return an error if the position is outside the window, or if
the window pointer is null.
+ If it is not possible to add a complete character, an error is
+ returned:
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> If <STRONG>scrollok</STRONG> is not enabled, writing a character at the lower right
+ margin succeeds. However, an error is returned because it is not
+ possible to wrap to a new line
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> If an error is detected when converting a multibyte character to a
+ sequence of bytes, or if it is not possible to add all of the
+ resulting bytes in the window, an error is returned.
+
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-NOTES">NOTES</a></H2><PRE>
Note that <STRONG>addch</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvaddch</STRONG>, <STRONG>mvwaddch</STRONG>, and <STRONG>echochar</STRONG> may be macros.
@@ -186,9 +199,9 @@
</PRE><H3><a name="h3-ACS-Symbols">ACS Symbols</a></H3><PRE>
X/Open Curses states that the <EM>ACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> definitions are <STRONG>char</STRONG> constants. For
- the wide-character implementation (see <STRONG>curs_add_wch</STRONG>), there are analo-
- gous <EM>WACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> definitions which are <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> constants. Some implementa-
- tions are problematic:
+ the wide-character implementation (see <STRONG>curs_add_wch</STRONG>), there are
+ analogous <EM>WACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> definitions which are <STRONG>cchar_t</STRONG> constants. Some
+ implementations are problematic:
<STRONG>o</STRONG> Some implementations define the ACS symbols to a constant (such as
Solaris), while others define those to entries in an array.
@@ -198,20 +211,20 @@
for compatibility.
<STRONG>o</STRONG> HPUX curses equates some of the <EM>ACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> symbols to the analogous <EM>WACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG>
- symbols as if the <EM>ACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> symbols were wide characters. The misde-
- fined symbols are the arrows and other symbols which are not used
- for line-drawing.
+ symbols as if the <EM>ACS</EM><STRONG>_</STRONG> symbols were wide characters. The
+ misdefined symbols are the arrows and other symbols which are not
+ used for line-drawing.
<STRONG>o</STRONG> X/Open Curses (issues 2 through 7) has a typographical error for
- the ACS_LANTERN symbol, equating its "VT100+ Character" to <STRONG>I</STRONG> (capi-
- tal I), while the header files for SVr4 curses and the various
+ the ACS_LANTERN symbol, equating its "VT100+ Character" to <STRONG>I</STRONG>
+ (capital I), while the header files for SVr4 curses and the various
implementations use <STRONG>i</STRONG> (lowercase).
None of the terminal descriptions on Unix platforms use uppercase-
- I, except for Solaris (i.e., <EM>screen</EM>'s terminal description, appar-
- ently based on the X/Open documentation around 1995). On the other
- hand, the terminal description <EM>gs6300</EM> (AT&amp;T PC6300 with EMOTS Ter-
- minal Emulator) uses lowercase-i.
+ I, except for Solaris (i.e., <EM>screen</EM>'s terminal description,
+ apparently based on the X/Open documentation around 1995). On the
+ other hand, the terminal description <EM>gs6300</EM> (AT&amp;T PC6300 with EMOTS
+ Terminal Emulator) uses lowercase-i.
Some ACS symbols (ACS_S3, ACS_S7, ACS_LEQUAL, ACS_GEQUAL, ACS_PI,
ACS_NEQUAL, ACS_STERLING) were not documented in any publicly released
@@ -228,9 +241,9 @@
<STRONG>o</STRONG> whether the <EM>locale</EM> uses UTF-8 encoding.
- In certain cases, the terminal is unable to display line-drawing char-
- acters except by using UTF-8 (see the discussion of <STRONG>NCURSES_NO_UTF8_ACS</STRONG>
- in <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG>).
+ In certain cases, the terminal is unable to display line-drawing
+ characters except by using UTF-8 (see the discussion of
+ <STRONG>NCURSES_NO_UTF8_ACS</STRONG> in <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">ncurses(3x)</A></STRONG>).
</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Character-Set">Character Set</a></H3><PRE>
@@ -238,9 +251,9 @@
single character. As discussed in <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>, that character may
have been more than eight bits in an SVr3 or SVr4 implementation, but
in the X/Open Curses model, the details are not given. The important
- distinction between SVr4 curses and X/Open Curses is that the non-char-
- acter information (attributes and color) was separated from the charac-
- ter information which is packed in a <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> to pass to <STRONG>waddch</STRONG>.
+ distinction between SVr4 curses and X/Open Curses is that the non-
+ character information (attributes and color) was separated from the
+ character information which is packed in a <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> to pass to <STRONG>waddch</STRONG>.
In this implementation, <STRONG>chtype</STRONG> holds an eight-bit character. But
ncurses allows multibyte characters to be passed in a succession of
@@ -257,8 +270,8 @@
multibyte character by moving the current location (e.g., using <STRONG>wmove</STRONG>),
ncurses discards the partially built character, starting over again.
- For portability to other implementations, do not rely upon this behav-
- ior:
+ For portability to other implementations, do not rely upon this
+ behavior:
<STRONG>o</STRONG> check if a character can be represented as a single byte in the
current locale before attempting call <STRONG>waddch</STRONG>, and
@@ -277,8 +290,8 @@
</PRE><H2><a name="h2-SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</a></H2><PRE>
- <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">curs_inch(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>curs_out-</STRONG>
- <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">opts(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_variables.3x.html">curs_variables(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>putc(3)</STRONG>.
+ <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_attr.3x.html">curs_attr(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_clear.3x.html">curs_clear(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_inch.3x.html">curs_inch(3x)</A></STRONG>,
+ <STRONG><A HREF="curs_outopts.3x.html">curs_outopts(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_refresh.3x.html">curs_refresh(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="curs_variables.3x.html">curs_variables(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>putc(3)</STRONG>.
Comparable functions in the wide-character (ncursesw) library are
described in <STRONG><A HREF="curs_add_wch.3x.html">curs_add_wch(3x)</A></STRONG>.