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- * @Id: infocmp.1m,v 1.53 2013/02/02 22:07:35 tom Exp @
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-<H1>infocmp 1m</H1>
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+<H1 class="no-header">infocmp 1m</H1>
<PRE>
-<!-- Manpage converted by man2html 3.0.1 -->
-<STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG> <STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG>
+<STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG> <STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG>
-</PRE>
-<H2>NAME</H2><PRE>
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-NAME">NAME</a></H2><PRE>
<STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> - compare or print out <EM>terminfo</EM> descriptions
-</PRE>
-<H2>SYNOPSIS</H2><PRE>
- <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> [<STRONG>-1CDEFGIKLTUVcdegilnpqrtux</STRONG>]
- [<STRONG>-v</STRONG> <EM>n</EM>] [<STRONG>-s</STRONG> <STRONG>d</STRONG>| <STRONG>i</STRONG>| <STRONG>l</STRONG>| <STRONG>c</STRONG>] [<STRONG>-R</STRONG> <STRONG>subset</STRONG>]
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</a></H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> [<STRONG>-1CDEFGIKLTUVWcdegilnpqrtux</STRONG>]
+ [<STRONG>-v</STRONG> <EM>n</EM>] [<STRONG>-s</STRONG> <STRONG>d</STRONG>| <STRONG>i</STRONG>| <STRONG>l</STRONG>| <STRONG>c</STRONG>] [<STRONG>-Q</STRONG> <EM>n</EM>] [<STRONG>-R</STRONG> <STRONG>subset</STRONG>]
[<STRONG>-w</STRONG> <EM>width</EM>] [<STRONG>-A</STRONG> <EM>directory</EM>] [<STRONG>-B</STRONG> <EM>directory</EM>]
[<EM>termname</EM>...]
-</PRE>
-<H2>DESCRIPTION</H2><PRE>
- <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> can be used to compare a binary <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> entry
- with other terminfo entries, rewrite a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> descrip-
- tion to take advantage of the <STRONG>use=</STRONG> terminfo field, or
- print out a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> description from the binary file
- (<STRONG>term</STRONG>) in a variety of formats. In all cases, the boolean
- fields will be printed first, followed by the numeric
- fields, followed by the string fields.
-
- <STRONG>Default</STRONG> <STRONG>Options</STRONG>
- If no options are specified and zero or one <EM>termnames</EM> are
- specified, the <STRONG>-I</STRONG> option will be assumed. If more than
- one <EM>termname</EM> is specified, the <STRONG>-d</STRONG> option will be assumed.
-
- <STRONG>Comparison</STRONG> <STRONG>Options</STRONG> <STRONG>[-d]</STRONG> <STRONG>[-c]</STRONG> <STRONG>[-n]</STRONG>
- <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> compares the <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> description of the first
- terminal <EM>termname</EM> with each of the descriptions given by
- the entries for the other terminal's <EM>termnames</EM>. If a
- capability is defined for only one of the terminals, the
- value returned will depend on the type of the capability:
- <STRONG>F</STRONG> for boolean variables, <STRONG>-1</STRONG> for integer variables, and
- <STRONG>NULL</STRONG> for string variables.
-
- The <STRONG>-d</STRONG> option produces a list of each capability that is
- different between two entries. This option is useful to
- show the difference between two entries, created by dif-
- ferent people, for the same or similar terminals.
-
- The <STRONG>-c</STRONG> option produces a list of each capability that is
- common between two or more entries. Capabilities that are
- not set are ignored. This option can be used as a quick
- check to see if the <STRONG>-u</STRONG> option is worth using.
-
- The <STRONG>-n</STRONG> option produces a list of each capability that is
- in none of the given entries. If no <EM>termnames</EM> are given,
- the environment variable <STRONG>TERM</STRONG> will be used for both of the
- <EM>termnames</EM>. This can be used as a quick check to see if
- anything was left out of a description.
-
- <STRONG>Source</STRONG> <STRONG>Listing</STRONG> <STRONG>Options</STRONG> <STRONG>[-I]</STRONG> <STRONG>[-L]</STRONG> <STRONG>[-C]</STRONG> <STRONG>[-r]</STRONG>
- The <STRONG>-I</STRONG>, <STRONG>-L</STRONG>, and <STRONG>-C</STRONG> options will produce a source listing
- for each terminal named.
-
- <STRONG>-I</STRONG> use the <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> names
- <STRONG>-L</STRONG> use the long C variable name listed in &lt;<STRONG>term.h</STRONG>&gt;
- <STRONG>-C</STRONG> use the <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> names
- <STRONG>-r</STRONG> when using <STRONG>-C</STRONG>, put out all capabilities in <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> form
- <STRONG>-K</STRONG> modifies the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> option, improving BSD-compatibility.
-
- If no <EM>termnames</EM> are given, the environment variable <STRONG>TERM</STRONG>
- will be used for the terminal name.
-
- The source produced by the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> option may be used directly
- as a <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> entry, but not all parameterized strings can
- be changed to the <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> format. <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> will attempt to
- convert most of the parameterized information, and any-
- thing not converted will be plainly marked in the output
- and commented out. These should be edited by hand.
-
- For best results when converting to <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> format, you
- should use both <STRONG>-C</STRONG> and <STRONG>-r</STRONG>. Normally a termcap description
- is limited to 1023 bytes. infocmp trims away less essen-
- tial parts to make it fit. If you are converting to one
- of the (rare) termcap implementations which accept an
- unlimited size of termcap, you may want to add the <STRONG>-T</STRONG>
- option. More often however, you must help the termcap
- implementation, and trim excess whitespace (use the <STRONG>-0</STRONG>
- option for that).
-
- All padding information for strings will be collected
- together and placed at the beginning of the string where
- <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> expects it. Mandatory padding (padding informa-
- tion with a trailing '/') will become optional.
-
- All <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> variables no longer supported by <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG>, but
- which are derivable from other <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> variables, will be
- output. Not all <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> capabilities will be translated;
- only those variables which were part of <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> will nor-
- mally be output. Specifying the <STRONG>-r</STRONG> option will take off
- this restriction, allowing all capabilities to be output
- in <EM>termcap</EM> form. Normally you would use both the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> and
- <STRONG>-r</STRONG> options. The actual format used incorporates some
- improvements for escaped characters from terminfo format.
- For a stricter BSD-compatible translation, use the <STRONG>-K</STRONG>
- option rather than <STRONG>-C</STRONG>.
-
- Note that because padding is collected to the beginning of
- the capability, not all capabilities are output. Manda-
- tory padding is not supported. Because <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> strings
- are not as flexible, it is not always possible to convert
- a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> string capability into an equivalent <STRONG>termcap</STRONG>
- format. A subsequent conversion of the <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> file back
- into <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> format will not necessarily reproduce the
- original <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> source.
-
- Some common <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> parameter sequences, their <STRONG>termcap</STRONG>
- equivalents, and some terminal types which commonly have
- such sequences, are:
-
- <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> Representative Terminals
- ---------------------------------------------------------------
- <STRONG>%p1%c</STRONG> <STRONG>%.</STRONG> adm
- <STRONG>%p1%d</STRONG> <STRONG>%d</STRONG> hp, ANSI standard, vt100
- <STRONG>%p1%'x'%+%c</STRONG> <STRONG>%+x</STRONG> concept
- <STRONG>%i</STRONG> <STRONG>%i</STRONG>q ANSI standard, vt100
- <STRONG>%p1%?%'x'%&gt;%t%p1%'y'%+%;</STRONG> <STRONG>%&gt;xy</STRONG> concept
- <STRONG>%p2</STRONG> is printed before <STRONG>%p1</STRONG> <STRONG>%r</STRONG> hp
-
- <STRONG>Use=</STRONG> <STRONG>Option</STRONG> <STRONG>[-u]</STRONG>
- The <STRONG>-u</STRONG> option produces a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> source description of
- the first terminal <EM>termname</EM> which is relative to the sum
- of the descriptions given by the entries for the other
- terminals <EM>termnames</EM>. It does this by analyzing the dif-
- ferences between the first <EM>termname</EM> and the other
- <EM>termnames</EM> and producing a description with <STRONG>use=</STRONG> fields for
- the other terminals. In this manner, it is possible to
- retrofit generic terminfo entries into a terminal's
- description. Or, if two similar terminals exist, but were
- coded at different times or by different people so that
- each description is a full description, using <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> will
- show what can be done to change one description to be rel-
- ative to the other.
-
- A capability will get printed with an at-sign (@) if it no
- longer exists in the first <EM>termname</EM>, but one of the other
- <EM>termname</EM> entries contains a value for it. A capability's
- value gets printed if the value in the first <EM>termname</EM> is
- not found in any of the other <EM>termname</EM> entries, or if the
- first of the other <EM>termname</EM> entries that has this capabil-
- ity gives a different value for the capability than that
- in the first <EM>termname</EM>.
-
- The order of the other <EM>termname</EM> entries is significant.
- Since the terminfo compiler <STRONG>tic</STRONG> does a left-to-right scan
- of the capabilities, specifying two <STRONG>use=</STRONG> entries that con-
- tain differing entries for the same capabilities will pro-
- duce different results depending on the order that the
- entries are given in. <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> will flag any such incon-
- sistencies between the other <EM>termname</EM> entries as they are
- found.
-
- Alternatively, specifying a capability <EM>after</EM> a <STRONG>use=</STRONG> entry
- that contains that capability will cause the second speci-
- fication to be ignored. Using <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to recreate a
- description can be a useful check to make sure that every-
- thing was specified correctly in the original source
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a></H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> can be used to compare a binary <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> entry with other ter-
+ minfo entries, rewrite a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> description to take advantage of the
+ <STRONG>use=</STRONG> terminfo field, or print out a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> description from the
+ binary file (<STRONG>term</STRONG>) in a variety of formats. In all cases, the boolean
+ fields will be printed first, followed by the numeric fields, followed
+ by the string fields.
+
+
+</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Default-Options">Default Options</a></H3><PRE>
+ If no options are specified and zero or one <EM>termnames</EM> are specified,
+ the <STRONG>-I</STRONG> option will be assumed. If more than one <EM>termname</EM> is specified,
+ the <STRONG>-d</STRONG> option will be assumed.
+
+
+</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Comparison-Options-_-d_-_-c_-_-n_">Comparison Options [-d] [-c] [-n]</a></H3><PRE>
+ <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> compares the <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> description of the first terminal
+ <EM>termname</EM> with each of the descriptions given by the entries for the
+ other terminal's <EM>termnames</EM>. If a capability is defined for only one of
+ the terminals, the value returned depends on the type of the capabil-
+ ity:
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> <STRONG>F</STRONG> for missing boolean variables
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> <STRONG>NULL</STRONG> for missing integer or string variables
+
+ Use the <STRONG>-q</STRONG> option to show the distinction between <EM>absent</EM> and <EM>cancelled</EM>
+ capabilities.
+
+ These options produce a list which you can use to compare two or more
+ terminal descriptions:
+
+ <STRONG>-d</STRONG> produces a list of each capability that is <EM>different</EM> between two
+ entries. Each item in the list shows ":" after the capability
+ name, followed by the capability values, separated by a comma.
+
+ <STRONG>-c</STRONG> produces a list of each capability that is <EM>common</EM> between two or
+ more entries. Missing capabilities are ignored. Each item in the
+ list shows "=" after the capability name, followed by the capabil-
+ ity value.
+
+ The <STRONG>-u</STRONG> option provides a related output, showing the first termi-
+ nal description rewritten to use the second as a building block
+ via the "use=" clause.
+
+ <STRONG>-n</STRONG> produces a list of each capability that is in <EM>none</EM> of the given
+ entries. Each item in the list shows "!" before the capability
+ name.
+
+ Normally only the conventional capabilities are shown. Use the <STRONG>-x</STRONG>
+ option to add the BSD-compatibility capabilities (names prefixed
+ with "OT").
+
+ If no <EM>termnames</EM> are given, <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> uses the environment variable
+ <STRONG>TERM</STRONG> for each of the <EM>termnames</EM>.
+
+
+</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Source-Listing-Options-_-I_-_-L_-_-C_-_-r_">Source Listing Options [-I] [-L] [-C] [-r]</a></H3><PRE>
+ The <STRONG>-I</STRONG>, <STRONG>-L</STRONG>, and <STRONG>-C</STRONG> options will produce a source listing for each ter-
+ minal named.
+
+ <STRONG>-I</STRONG> use the <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> names
+ <STRONG>-L</STRONG> use the long C variable name listed in &lt;<STRONG>term.h</STRONG>&gt;
+ <STRONG>-C</STRONG> use the <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> names
+ <STRONG>-r</STRONG> when using <STRONG>-C</STRONG>, put out all capabilities in <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> form
+ <STRONG>-K</STRONG> modifies the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> option, improving BSD-compatibility.
+
+ If no <EM>termnames</EM> are given, the environment variable <STRONG>TERM</STRONG> will be used
+ for the terminal name.
+
+ The source produced by the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> option may be used directly as a <STRONG>termcap</STRONG>
+ entry, but not all parameterized strings can be changed to the <STRONG>termcap</STRONG>
+ format. <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> will attempt to convert most of the parameterized
+ information, and anything not converted will be plainly marked in the
+ output and commented out. These should be edited by hand.
+
+ For best results when converting to <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> format, you should use both
+ <STRONG>-C</STRONG> and <STRONG>-r</STRONG>. Normally a termcap description is limited to 1023 bytes.
+ <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> trims away less essential parts to make it fit. If you are
+ converting to one of the (rare) termcap implementations which accept an
+ unlimited size of termcap, you may want to add the <STRONG>-T</STRONG> option. More
+ often however, you must help the termcap implementation, and trim
+ excess whitespace (use the <STRONG>-0</STRONG> option for that).
+
+ All padding information for strings will be collected together and
+ placed at the beginning of the string where <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> expects it. Manda-
+ tory padding (padding information with a trailing "/") will become
+ optional.
+
+ All <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> variables no longer supported by <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG>, but which are
+ derivable from other <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> variables, will be output. Not all <STRONG>ter-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG>minfo</STRONG> capabilities will be translated; only those variables which were
+ part of <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> will normally be output. Specifying the <STRONG>-r</STRONG> option will
+ take off this restriction, allowing all capabilities to be output in
+ <EM>termcap</EM> form. Normally you would use both the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> and <STRONG>-r</STRONG> options. The
+ actual format used incorporates some improvements for escaped charac-
+ ters from terminfo format. For a stricter BSD-compatible translation,
+ use the <STRONG>-K</STRONG> option rather than <STRONG>-C</STRONG>.
+
+ Note that because padding is collected to the beginning of the capabil-
+ ity, not all capabilities are output. Mandatory padding is not sup-
+ ported. Because <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> strings are not as flexible, it is not always
+ possible to convert a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> string capability into an equivalent
+ <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> format. A subsequent conversion of the <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> file back into
+ <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> format will not necessarily reproduce the original <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG>
+ source.
+
+ Some common <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> parameter sequences, their <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> equivalents,
+ and some terminal types which commonly have such sequences, are:
+
+ <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> Representative Terminals
+ ---------------------------------------------------------------
+ <STRONG>%p1%c</STRONG> <STRONG>%.</STRONG> adm
+ <STRONG>%p1%d</STRONG> <STRONG>%d</STRONG> hp, ANSI standard, vt100
+ <STRONG>%p1%'x'%+%c</STRONG> <STRONG>%+x</STRONG> concept
+ <STRONG>%i</STRONG> <STRONG>%i</STRONG>q ANSI standard, vt100
+ <STRONG>%p1%?%'x'%&gt;%t%p1%'y'%+%;</STRONG> <STRONG>%&gt;xy</STRONG> concept
+ <STRONG>%p2</STRONG> is printed before <STRONG>%p1</STRONG> <STRONG>%r</STRONG> hp
+
+
+</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Use_-Option-_-u_">Use= Option [-u]</a></H3><PRE>
+ The <STRONG>-u</STRONG> option produces a <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> source description of the first ter-
+ minal <EM>termname</EM> which is relative to the sum of the descriptions given
+ by the entries for the other terminals <EM>termnames</EM>. It does this by ana-
+ lyzing the differences between the first <EM>termname</EM> and the other
+ <EM>termnames</EM> and producing a description with <STRONG>use=</STRONG> fields for the other
+ terminals. In this manner, it is possible to retrofit generic terminfo
+ entries into a terminal's description. Or, if two similar terminals
+ exist, but were coded at different times or by different people so that
+ each description is a full description, using <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> will show what
+ can be done to change one description to be relative to the other.
+
+ A capability will get printed with an at-sign (@) if it no longer
+ exists in the first <EM>termname</EM>, but one of the other <EM>termname</EM> entries
+ contains a value for it. A capability's value gets printed if the
+ value in the first <EM>termname</EM> is not found in any of the other <EM>termname</EM>
+ entries, or if the first of the other <EM>termname</EM> entries that has this
+ capability gives a different value for the capability than that in the
+ first <EM>termname</EM>.
+
+ The order of the other <EM>termname</EM> entries is significant. Since the ter-
+ minfo compiler <STRONG>tic</STRONG> does a left-to-right scan of the capabilities, spec-
+ ifying two <STRONG>use=</STRONG> entries that contain differing entries for the same
+ capabilities will produce different results depending on the order that
+ the entries are given in. <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> will flag any such inconsistencies
+ between the other <EM>termname</EM> entries as they are found.
+
+ Alternatively, specifying a capability <EM>after</EM> a <STRONG>use=</STRONG> entry that contains
+ that capability will cause the second specification to be ignored.
+ Using <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to recreate a description can be a useful check to make
+ sure that everything was specified correctly in the original source
description.
- Another error that does not cause incorrect compiled
- files, but will slow down the compilation time, is speci-
- fying extra <STRONG>use=</STRONG> fields that are superfluous. <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG>
- will flag any other <EM>termname</EM> <EM>use=</EM> fields that were not
- needed.
+ Another error that does not cause incorrect compiled files, but will
+ slow down the compilation time, is specifying extra <STRONG>use=</STRONG> fields that
+ are superfluous. <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> will flag any other <EM>termname</EM> <EM>use=</EM> fields that
+ were not needed.
<STRONG>Changing</STRONG> <STRONG>Databases</STRONG> <STRONG>[-A</STRONG> <EM>directory</EM>] [-B <EM>directory</EM>]
- Like other <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> utilities, infocmp looks for the termi-
- nal descriptions in several places. You can use the <STRONG>TER-</STRONG>
- <STRONG>MINFO</STRONG> and <STRONG>TERMINFO_DIRS</STRONG> environment variables to override
- the compiled-in default list of places to search (see
- <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG> for details).
+ Like other <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> utilities, <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> looks for the terminal descrip-
+ tions in several places. You can use the <STRONG>TERMINFO</STRONG> and <STRONG>TERMINFO_DIRS</STRONG>
+ environment variables to override the compiled-in default list of
+ places to search (see <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG> for details).
- You can also use the options <STRONG>-A</STRONG> and <STRONG>-B</STRONG> to override the
- list of places to search when comparing terminal descrip-
- tions:
+ You can also use the options <STRONG>-A</STRONG> and <STRONG>-B</STRONG> to override the list of places
+ to search when comparing terminal descriptions:
<STRONG>o</STRONG> The <STRONG>-A</STRONG> option sets the location for the first <EM>termname</EM>
- <STRONG>o</STRONG> The <STRONG>-B</STRONG> option sets the location for the other
- <EM>termnames</EM>.
-
- Using these options, it is possible to compare descrip-
- tions for a terminal with the same name located in two
- different databases. For instance, you can use this fea-
- ture for comparing descriptions for the same terminal cre-
- ated by different people.
-
- <STRONG>Other</STRONG> <STRONG>Options</STRONG>
- <STRONG>-0</STRONG> causes the fields to be printed on one line, without
- wrapping.
-
- <STRONG>-1</STRONG> causes the fields to be printed out one to a line.
- Otherwise, the fields will be printed several to a
- line to a maximum width of 60 characters.
-
- <STRONG>-a</STRONG> tells <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to retain commented-out capabilities
- rather than discarding them. Capabilities are com-
- mented by prefixing them with a period.
-
- <STRONG>-D</STRONG> tells <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to print the database locations that it
- knows about, and exit.
-
- <STRONG>-E</STRONG> Dump the capabilities of the given terminal as
- tables, needed in the C initializer for a TERMTYPE
- structure (the terminal capability structure in the
- <STRONG>&lt;term.h&gt;</STRONG>). This option is useful for preparing ver-
- sions of the curses library hardwired for a given
- terminal type. The tables are all declared static,
- and are named according to the type and the name of
- the corresponding terminal entry.
-
- Before ncurses 5.0, the split between the <STRONG>-e</STRONG> and <STRONG>-E</STRONG>
- options was not needed; but support for extended
- names required making the arrays of terminal capabil-
- ities separate from the TERMTYPE structure.
-
- <STRONG>-e</STRONG> Dump the capabilities of the given terminal as a C
- initializer for a TERMTYPE structure (the terminal
- capability structure in the <STRONG>&lt;term.h&gt;</STRONG>). This option
- is useful for preparing versions of the curses
- library hardwired for a given terminal type.
-
- <STRONG>-F</STRONG> compare terminfo files. This assumes that two fol-
- lowing arguments are filenames. The files are
- searched for pairwise matches between entries, with
- two entries considered to match if any of their names
- do. The report printed to standard output lists
- entries with no matches in the other file, and
- entries with more than one match. For entries with
- exactly one match it includes a difference report.
- Normally, to reduce the volume of the report, use
- references are not resolved before looking for dif-
- ferences, but resolution can be forced by also speci-
- fying <STRONG>-r</STRONG>.
-
- <STRONG>-f</STRONG> Display complex terminfo strings which contain
- if/then/else/endif expressions indented for readabil-
- ity.
-
- <STRONG>-G</STRONG> Display constant literals in decimal form rather than
- their character equivalents.
-
- <STRONG>-g</STRONG> Display constant character literals in quoted form
- rather than their decimal equivalents.
-
- <STRONG>-i</STRONG> Analyze the initialization (<STRONG>is1</STRONG>, <STRONG>is2</STRONG>, <STRONG>is3</STRONG>), and reset
- (<STRONG>rs1</STRONG>, <STRONG>rs2</STRONG>, <STRONG>rs3</STRONG>), strings in the entry. For each
- string, the code tries to analyze it into actions in
- terms of the other capabilities in the entry, certain
- X3.64/ISO 6429/ECMA-48 capabilities, and certain DEC
- VT-series private modes (the set of recognized spe-
- cial sequences has been selected for completeness
- over the existing terminfo database). Each report
- line consists of the capability name, followed by a
- colon and space, followed by a printable expansion of
- the capability string with sections matching recog-
- nized actions translated into {}-bracketed descrip-
- tions. Here is a list of the DEC/ANSI special
- sequences recognized: i.
-
- Action Meaning
- -----------------------------------------
- RIS full reset
-
- SC save cursor
- RC restore cursor
- LL home-down
- RSR reset scroll region
- -----------------------------------------
- DECSTR soft reset (VT320)
- S7C1T 7-bit controls (VT220)
- -----------------------------------------
- ISO DEC G0 enable DEC graphics for G0
- ISO UK G0 enable UK chars for G0
- ISO US G0 enable US chars for G0
- ISO DEC G1 enable DEC graphics for G1
- ISO UK G1 enable UK chars for G1
- ISO US G1 enable US chars for G1
- -----------------------------------------
- DECPAM application keypad mode
- DECPNM normal keypad mode
- DECANSI enter ANSI mode
- -----------------------------------------
- ECMA[+-]AM keyboard action mode
- ECMA[+-]IRM insert replace mode
- ECMA[+-]SRM send receive mode
- ECMA[+-]LNM linefeed mode
- -----------------------------------------
- DEC[+-]CKM application cursor keys
- DEC[+-]ANM set VT52 mode
- DEC[+-]COLM 132-column mode
- DEC[+-]SCLM smooth scroll
- DEC[+-]SCNM reverse video mode
- DEC[+-]OM origin mode
- DEC[+-]AWM wraparound mode
- DEC[+-]ARM auto-repeat mode
-
- It also recognizes a SGR action corresponding to
- ANSI/ISO 6429/ECMA Set Graphics Rendition, with the
- values NORMAL, BOLD, UNDERLINE, BLINK, and REVERSE.
- All but NORMAL may be prefixed with `+' (turn on) or
- `-' (turn off).
-
- An SGR0 designates an empty highlight sequence (equivalent
- to {SGR:NORMAL}).
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> The <STRONG>-B</STRONG> option sets the location for the other <EM>termnames</EM>.
+
+ Using these options, it is possible to compare descriptions for a ter-
+ minal with the same name located in two different databases. For
+ instance, you can use this feature for comparing descriptions for the
+ same terminal created by different people.
+
+
+</PRE><H3><a name="h3-Other-Options">Other Options</a></H3><PRE>
+ <STRONG>-0</STRONG> causes the fields to be printed on one line, without wrapping.
+
+ <STRONG>-1</STRONG> causes the fields to be printed out one to a line. Otherwise, the
+ fields will be printed several to a line to a maximum width of 60
+ characters.
+
+ <STRONG>-a</STRONG> tells <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to retain commented-out capabilities rather than
+ discarding them. Capabilities are commented by prefixing them
+ with a period.
+
+ <STRONG>-D</STRONG> tells <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to print the database locations that it knows about,
+ and exit.
+
+ <STRONG>-E</STRONG> Dump the capabilities of the given terminal as tables, needed in
+ the C initializer for a TERMTYPE structure (the terminal capabil-
+ ity structure in the <STRONG>&lt;term.h&gt;</STRONG>). This option is useful for prepar-
+ ing versions of the curses library hardwired for a given terminal
+ type. The tables are all declared static, and are named according
+ to the type and the name of the corresponding terminal entry.
+
+ Before ncurses 5.0, the split between the <STRONG>-e</STRONG> and <STRONG>-E</STRONG> options was
+ not needed; but support for extended names required making the
+ arrays of terminal capabilities separate from the TERMTYPE struc-
+ ture.
+
+ <STRONG>-e</STRONG> Dump the capabilities of the given terminal as a C initializer for
+ a TERMTYPE structure (the terminal capability structure in the
+ <STRONG>&lt;term.h&gt;</STRONG>). This option is useful for preparing versions of the
+ curses library hardwired for a given terminal type.
+
+ <STRONG>-F</STRONG> compare terminfo files. This assumes that two following arguments
+ are filenames. The files are searched for pairwise matches
+ between entries, with two entries considered to match if any of
+ their names do. The report printed to standard output lists
+ entries with no matches in the other file, and entries with more
+ than one match. For entries with exactly one match it includes a
+ difference report. Normally, to reduce the volume of the report,
+ use references are not resolved before looking for differences,
+ but resolution can be forced by also specifying <STRONG>-r</STRONG>.
+
+ <STRONG>-f</STRONG> Display complex terminfo strings which contain if/then/else/endif
+ expressions indented for readability.
+
+ <STRONG>-G</STRONG> Display constant literals in decimal form rather than their char-
+ acter equivalents.
+
+ <STRONG>-g</STRONG> Display constant character literals in quoted form rather than
+ their decimal equivalents.
+
+ <STRONG>-i</STRONG> Analyze the initialization (<STRONG>is1</STRONG>, <STRONG>is2</STRONG>, <STRONG>is3</STRONG>), and reset (<STRONG>rs1</STRONG>, <STRONG>rs2</STRONG>,
+ <STRONG>rs3</STRONG>), strings in the entry, as well as those used for start-
+ ing/stopping cursor-positioning mode (<STRONG>smcup</STRONG>, <STRONG>rmcup</STRONG>) as well as
+ starting/stopping keymap mode (<STRONG>smkx</STRONG>, <STRONG>rmkx</STRONG>).
+
+ For each string, the code tries to analyze it into actions in
+ terms of the other capabilities in the entry, certain X3.64/ISO
+ 6429/ECMA-48 capabilities, and certain DEC VT-series private modes
+ (the set of recognized special sequences has been selected for
+ completeness over the existing terminfo database). Each report
+ line consists of the capability name, followed by a colon and
+ space, followed by a printable expansion of the capability string
+ with sections matching recognized actions translated into
+ {}-bracketed descriptions.
+
+ Here is a list of the DEC/ANSI special sequences recognized:
+
+ Action Meaning
+ -----------------------------------------
+ RIS full reset
+ SC save cursor
+ RC restore cursor
+ LL home-down
+ RSR reset scroll region
+ -----------------------------------------
+ DECSTR soft reset (VT320)
+ S7C1T 7-bit controls (VT220)
+ -----------------------------------------
+
+ ISO DEC G0 enable DEC graphics for G0
+ ISO UK G0 enable UK chars for G0
+ ISO US G0 enable US chars for G0
+ ISO DEC G1 enable DEC graphics for G1
+ ISO UK G1 enable UK chars for G1
+ ISO US G1 enable US chars for G1
+ -----------------------------------------
+ DECPAM application keypad mode
+ DECPNM normal keypad mode
+ DECANSI enter ANSI mode
+ -----------------------------------------
+ ECMA[+-]AM keyboard action mode
+ ECMA[+-]IRM insert replace mode
+ ECMA[+-]SRM send receive mode
+ ECMA[+-]LNM linefeed mode
+ -----------------------------------------
+ DEC[+-]CKM application cursor keys
+ DEC[+-]ANM set VT52 mode
+ DEC[+-]COLM 132-column mode
+ DEC[+-]SCLM smooth scroll
+ DEC[+-]SCNM reverse video mode
+ DEC[+-]OM origin mode
+ DEC[+-]AWM wraparound mode
+ DEC[+-]ARM auto-repeat mode
+
+ It also recognizes a SGR action corresponding to ANSI/ISO
+ 6429/ECMA Set Graphics Rendition, with the values NORMAL, BOLD,
+ UNDERLINE, BLINK, and REVERSE. All but NORMAL may be prefixed
+ with
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> "+" (turn on) or
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> "-" (turn off).
+
+ An SGR0 designates an empty highlight sequence (equivalent to
+ {SGR:NORMAL}).
<STRONG>-l</STRONG> Set output format to terminfo.
<STRONG>-p</STRONG> Ignore padding specifications when comparing strings.
- <STRONG>-q</STRONG> Make the comparison listing shorter by omitting sub-
- headings, and using "-" for absent capabilities, "@"
- for canceled rather than "NULL".
+ <STRONG>-Q</STRONG> <EM>n</EM> Rather than show source in terminfo (text) format, print the com-
+ piled (binary) format in hexadecimal or base64 form, depending on
+ the option's value:
+
+ 1 hexadecimal
+
+ 2 base64
+
+ 3 hexadecimal and base64
+
+ For example, this prints the compiled terminfo value as a string
+ which could be assigned to the <STRONG>TERMINFO</STRONG> environment variable:
+
+ infocmp -0 -q -Q2
+
+ <STRONG>-q</STRONG> This makes the output a little shorter:
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> Make the comparison listing shorter by omitting subheadings,
+ and using "-" for absent capabilities, "@" for canceled rather
+ than "NULL".
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> However, show differences between absent and cancelled capa-
+ bilities.
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> Omit the "Reconstructed from" comment for source listings.
<STRONG>-R</STRONG><EM>subset</EM>
- Restrict output to a given subset. This option is
- for use with archaic versions of terminfo like those
- on SVr1, Ultrix, or HP/UX that do not support the
- full set of SVR4/XSI Curses terminfo; and variants
- such as AIX that have their own extensions incompati-
- ble with SVr4/XSI. Available terminfo subsets are
- "SVr1", "Ultrix", "HP", and "AIX"; see <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG>
- for details. You can also choose the subset "BSD"
- which selects only capabilities with termcap equiva-
- lents recognized by 4.4BSD.
+ Restrict output to a given subset. This option is for use with
+ archaic versions of terminfo like those on SVr1, Ultrix, or HP/UX
+ that do not support the full set of SVR4/XSI Curses terminfo; and
+ variants such as AIX that have their own extensions incompatible
+ with SVr4/XSI.
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> Available terminfo subsets are "SVr1", "Ultrix", "HP", and
+ "AIX"; see <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG> for details.
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> You can also choose the subset "BSD" which selects only capa-
+ bilities with termcap equivalents recognized by 4.4BSD. The
+ <STRONG>-C</STRONG> option sets the "BSD" subset as a side-effect.
+
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> If you select any other value for <STRONG>-R</STRONG>, it is the same as no
+ subset, i.e., all capabilities are used. The <STRONG>-I</STRONG> option like-
+ wise selects no subset as a side-effect.
<STRONG>-s</STRONG> <EM>[d|i|l|c]</EM>
- The <STRONG>-s</STRONG> option sorts the fields within each type
- according to the argument below:
+ The <STRONG>-s</STRONG> option sorts the fields within each type according to the
+ argument below:
- <STRONG>d</STRONG> leave fields in the order that they are stored
- in the <EM>terminfo</EM> database.
+ <STRONG>d</STRONG> leave fields in the order that they are stored in the <EM>ter-</EM>
+ <EM>minfo</EM> database.
<STRONG>i</STRONG> sort by <EM>terminfo</EM> name.
@@ -388,89 +411,139 @@
<STRONG>c</STRONG> sort by the <EM>termcap</EM> name.
- If the <STRONG>-s</STRONG> option is not given, the fields printed out
- will be sorted alphabetically by the <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> name
- within each type, except in the case of the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> or the
- <STRONG>-L</STRONG> options, which cause the sorting to be done by the
- <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> name or the long C variable name, respec-
- tively.
+ If the <STRONG>-s</STRONG> option is not given, the fields printed out will be
+ sorted alphabetically by the <STRONG>terminfo</STRONG> name within each type,
+ except in the case of the <STRONG>-C</STRONG> or the <STRONG>-L</STRONG> options, which cause the
+ sorting to be done by the <STRONG>termcap</STRONG> name or the long C variable
+ name, respectively.
+
+ <STRONG>-T</STRONG> eliminates size-restrictions on the generated text. This is
+ mainly useful for testing and analysis, since the compiled
+ descriptions are limited (e.g., 1023 for termcap, 4096 for ter-
+ minfo).
- <STRONG>-T</STRONG> eliminates size-restrictions on the generated text.
- This is mainly useful for testing and analysis, since
- the compiled descriptions are limited (e.g., 1023 for
- termcap, 4096 for terminfo).
+ <STRONG>-t</STRONG> tells <STRONG>tic</STRONG> to discard commented-out capabilities. Normally when
+ translating from terminfo to termcap, untranslatable capabilities
+ are commented-out.
- <STRONG>-t</STRONG> tells <STRONG>tic</STRONG> to discard commented-out capabilities.
- Normally when translating from terminfo to termcap,
- untranslatable capabilities are commented-out.
+ <STRONG>-U</STRONG> tells <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to not post-process the data after parsing the
+ source file. This feature helps when comparing the actual con-
+ tents of two source files, since it excludes the inferences that
+ <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> makes to fill in missing data.
- <STRONG>-U</STRONG> tells <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> to not post-process the data after
- parsing the source file. This feature helps when
- comparing the actual contents of two source files,
- since it excludes the inferences that <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> makes
- to fill in missing data.
+ <STRONG>-V</STRONG> reports the version of ncurses which was used in this program, and
+ exits.
- <STRONG>-V</STRONG> reports the version of ncurses which was used in this
- program, and exits.
+ <STRONG>-v</STRONG> <EM>n</EM> prints out tracing information on standard error as the program
+ runs.
- <STRONG>-v</STRONG> <EM>n</EM> prints out tracing information on standard error as
- the program runs. Higher values of n induce greater
- verbosity.
+ The optional parameter <EM>n</EM> is a number from 1 to 10, inclusive,
+ indicating the desired level of detail of information. If ncurses
+ is built without tracing support, the optional parameter is
+ ignored.
+
+ <STRONG>-W</STRONG> By itself, the <STRONG>-w</STRONG> option will not force long strings to be
+ wrapped. Use the <STRONG>-W</STRONG> option to do this.
<STRONG>-w</STRONG> <EM>width</EM>
changes the output to <EM>width</EM> characters.
- <STRONG>-x</STRONG> print information for user-defined capabilities.
- These are extensions to the terminfo repertoire which
- can be loaded using the <STRONG>-x</STRONG> option of <STRONG>tic</STRONG>.
+ <STRONG>-x</STRONG> print information for user-defined capabilities (see <STRONG>user_caps(5)</STRONG>.
+ These are extensions to the terminfo repertoire which can be
+ loaded using the <STRONG>-x</STRONG> option of <STRONG>tic</STRONG>.
-</PRE>
-<H2>FILES</H2><PRE>
- /usr/share/terminfo Compiled terminal description data-
- base.
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-FILES">FILES</a></H2><PRE>
+ /usr/share/terminfo Compiled terminal description database.
-</PRE>
-<H2>EXTENSIONS</H2><PRE>
- The <STRONG>-0</STRONG>, <STRONG>-1</STRONG>, <STRONG>-E</STRONG>, <STRONG>-F</STRONG>, <STRONG>-G</STRONG>, <STRONG>-R</STRONG>, <STRONG>-T</STRONG>, <STRONG>-V</STRONG>, <STRONG>-a</STRONG>, <STRONG>-e</STRONG>, <STRONG>-f</STRONG>, <STRONG>-g</STRONG>, <STRONG>-i</STRONG>,
- <STRONG>-l</STRONG>, <STRONG>-p</STRONG>, <STRONG>-q</STRONG> and <STRONG>-t</STRONG> options are not supported in SVr4
- curses.
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-HISTORY">HISTORY</a></H2><PRE>
+ Although System V Release 2 provided a terminfo library, it had no doc-
+ umented tool for decompiling the terminal descriptions. Tony Hansen
+ (AT&amp;T) wrote the first <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> in early 1984, for System V Release 3.
- The <STRONG>-r</STRONG> option's notion of `termcap' capabilities is System
- V Release 4's. Actual BSD curses versions will have a
- more restricted set. To see only the 4.4BSD set, use <STRONG>-r</STRONG>
- <STRONG>-RBSD</STRONG>.
+ Eric Raymond used the AT&amp;T documentation in 1995 to provide an equiva-
+ lent <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> for ncurses. In addition, he added a few new features
+ such as:
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> the <STRONG>-e</STRONG> option, to support <EM>fallback</EM> (compiled-in) terminal descrip-
+ tions
-</PRE>
-<H2>BUGS</H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG>o</STRONG> the <STRONG>-i</STRONG> option, to help with analysis
+
+ Later, Thomas Dickey added the <STRONG>-x</STRONG> (user-defined capabilities) option,
+ and the <STRONG>-E</STRONG> option to support fallback entries with user-defined capa-
+ bilities.
+
+ For a complete list, see the <EM>EXTENSIONS</EM> section.
+
+ In 2010, Roy Marples provided an <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG> program for NetBSD. It is
+ less capable than the SVr4 or ncurses versions (e.g., it lacks the
+ sorting options documented in X/Open), but does include the <STRONG>-x</STRONG> option
+ adapted from ncurses.
+
+
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-PORTABILITY">PORTABILITY</a></H2><PRE>
+ X/Open Curses, Issue 7 (2009) provides a description of <STRONG>infocmp</STRONG>. It
+ does not mention the options used for converting to termcap format.
+
+
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-EXTENSIONS">EXTENSIONS</a></H2><PRE>
+ The <STRONG>-0</STRONG>, <STRONG>-1</STRONG>, <STRONG>-E</STRONG>, <STRONG>-F</STRONG>, <STRONG>-G</STRONG>, <STRONG>-Q</STRONG>, <STRONG>-R</STRONG>, <STRONG>-T</STRONG>, <STRONG>-V</STRONG>, <STRONG>-a</STRONG>, <STRONG>-e</STRONG>, <STRONG>-f</STRONG>, <STRONG>-g</STRONG>, <STRONG>-i</STRONG>, <STRONG>-l</STRONG>, <STRONG>-p</STRONG>, <STRONG>-q</STRONG>
+ and <STRONG>-t</STRONG> options are not supported in SVr4 curses.
+
+ SVr4 infocmp does not distinguish between absent and cancelled capabil-
+ ities. Also, it shows missing integer capabilities as <STRONG>-1</STRONG> (the internal
+ value used to represent missing integers). This implementation shows
+ those as "NULL", for consistency with missing strings.
+
+ The <STRONG>-r</STRONG> option's notion of "termcap" capabilities is System V Release
+ 4's. Actual BSD curses versions will have a more restricted set. To
+ see only the 4.4BSD set, use <STRONG>-r</STRONG> <STRONG>-RBSD</STRONG>.
+
+
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-BUGS">BUGS</a></H2><PRE>
The <STRONG>-F</STRONG> option of <STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG> should be a <STRONG><A HREF="toe.1m.html">toe(1m)</A></STRONG> mode.
-</PRE>
-<H2>SEE ALSO</H2><PRE>
- <STRONG><A HREF="captoinfo.1m.html">captoinfo(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="infotocap.1m.html">infotocap(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="tic.1m.html">tic(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="toe.1m.html">toe(1m)</A></STRONG>,
- <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">terminfo(5)</A></STRONG>.
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</a></H2><PRE>
+ <STRONG><A HREF="captoinfo.1m.html">captoinfo(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="infotocap.1m.html">infotocap(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="tic.1m.html">tic(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="toe.1m.html">toe(1m)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG><A HREF="ncurses.3x.html">curses(3x)</A></STRONG>, <STRONG>ter-</STRONG>
+ <STRONG><A HREF="terminfo.5.html">minfo(5)</A></STRONG>. <STRONG><A HREF="user_caps.5.html">user_caps(5)</A></STRONG>.
- http://invisible-island.net/ncurses/tctest.html
+ https://invisible-island.net/ncurses/tctest.html
- This describes <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> version 5.9 (patch 20131221).
+ This describes <STRONG>ncurses</STRONG> version 6.1 (patch 20200118).
-</PRE>
-<H2>AUTHOR</H2><PRE>
+</PRE><H2><a name="h2-AUTHOR">AUTHOR</a></H2><PRE>
Eric S. Raymond &lt;esr@snark.thyrsus.com&gt; and
Thomas E. Dickey &lt;dickey@invisible-island.net&gt;
- <STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG>
+ <STRONG><A HREF="infocmp.1m.html">infocmp(1m)</A></STRONG>
</PRE>
-<HR>
-<ADDRESS>
-Man(1) output converted with
-<a href="http://www.oac.uci.edu/indiv/ehood/man2html.html">man2html</a>
-</ADDRESS>
+<div class="nav">
+<ul>
+<li><a href="#h2-NAME">NAME</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-SYNOPSIS">SYNOPSIS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-DESCRIPTION">DESCRIPTION</a>
+<ul>
+<li><a href="#h3-Default-Options">Default Options</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h3-Comparison-Options-_-d_-_-c_-_-n_">Comparison Options [-d] [-c] [-n]</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h3-Source-Listing-Options-_-I_-_-L_-_-C_-_-r_">Source Listing Options [-I] [-L] [-C] [-r]</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h3-Use_-Option-_-u_">Use= Option [-u]</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h3-Other-Options">Other Options</a></li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li><a href="#h2-FILES">FILES</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-HISTORY">HISTORY</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-PORTABILITY">PORTABILITY</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-EXTENSIONS">EXTENSIONS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-BUGS">BUGS</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-SEE-ALSO">SEE ALSO</a></li>
+<li><a href="#h2-AUTHOR">AUTHOR</a></li>
+</ul>
+</div>
</BODY>
</HTML>