path: root/man/curs_add_wch.3x
diff options
Diffstat (limited to 'man/curs_add_wch.3x')
1 files changed, 109 insertions, 20 deletions
diff --git a/man/curs_add_wch.3x b/man/curs_add_wch.3x
index 51ac1a4b5c35..26319a8ef909 100644
--- a/man/curs_add_wch.3x
+++ b/man/curs_add_wch.3x
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
-.\" Copyright (c) 2001-2002,2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
+.\" Copyright (c) 2001-2010,2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
.\" *
.\" Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a *
.\" copy of this software and associated documentation files (the *
@@ -26,15 +26,18 @@
.\" authorization. *
-.\" $Id: curs_add_wch.3x,v 1.6 2006/12/24 15:22:22 tom Exp $
+.\" $Id: curs_add_wch.3x,v 1.14 2011/01/15 15:27:43 tom Exp $
.TH curs_add_wch 3X ""
+.de bP
+.IP \(bu 4
-\fBwecho_wchar\fP - add a complex character and rendition to a \fBcurses\fR window, then advance the cursor
+\fBwecho_wchar\fP \- add a complex character and rendition to a \fBcurses\fR window, then advance the cursor
\fB#include <curses.h>\fP
@@ -63,23 +66,20 @@ window at its current position,
which is then advanced.
These functions perform
wrapping and special-character processing as follows:
-.TP 5
If \fIwch\fP refers to a spacing character,
then any previous character at that location is removed.
A new character specified by \fIwch\fP is
placed at that location with rendition specified by \fIwch\fP.
The cursor then advances to
the next spacing character on the screen.
-.TP 5
If \fIwch\fP refers to a non-spacing character,
all previous characters at that location are preserved.
The non-spacing characters of \fIwch\fP
are added to the spacing complex character,
and the rendition specified by \fIwch\fP is ignored.
-.TP 5
If the character part of \fIwch\fP is
a tab, newline, backspace or other control character,
the window is updated and the cursor moves as if \fBaddch\fR were called.
@@ -99,9 +99,90 @@ The knowledge
that only a single character is being output is taken into consideration and,
for non-control characters, a considerable performance gain might be seen
by using the *\fBecho\fP* functions instead of their equivalents.
+.SS Line Graphics
+Like \fBaddch\fP(3X),
+\fBaddch_wch\fP accepts symbols which make it simple to draw lines and other
+frequently used special characters.
+These symbols correspond to the same VT100 line-drawing set as
+l l l l
+_ _ _ _
+lw(1.5i) lw7 lw7 lw20.
+\fIName\fR \fIUnicode\fP \fIDefault\fR \fIDescription\fR
+WACS_BLOCK 0x25ae # solid square block
+WACS_BOARD 0x2592 # board of squares
+WACS_BTEE 0x2534 + bottom tee
+WACS_BULLET 0x00b7 o bullet
+WACS_CKBOARD 0x2592 : checker board (stipple)
+WACS_DARROW 0x2193 v arrow pointing down
+WACS_DEGREE 0x00b0 ' degree symbol
+WACS_DIAMOND 0x25c6 + diamond
+WACS_GEQUAL 0x2265 > greater-than-or-equal-to
+WACS_HLINE 0x2500 \- horizontal line
+WACS_LANTERN 0x2603 # lantern symbol
+WACS_LARROW 0x2190 < arrow pointing left
+WACS_LEQUAL 0x2264 < less-than-or-equal-to
+WACS_LLCORNER 0x2514 + lower left-hand corner
+WACS_LRCORNER 0x2518 + lower right-hand corner
+WACS_LTEE 0x2524 + left tee
+WACS_NEQUAL 0x2260 ! not-equal
+WACS_PI 0x03c0 * greek pi
+WACS_PLMINUS 0x00b1 # plus/minus
+WACS_PLUS 0x253c + plus
+WACS_RARROW 0x2192 > arrow pointing right
+WACS_RTEE 0x251c + right tee
+WACS_S1 0x23ba \- scan line 1
+WACS_S3 0x23bb \- scan line 3
+WACS_S7 0x23bc \- scan line 7
+WACS_S9 0x23bd \&_ scan line 9
+WACS_STERLING 0x00a3 f pound-sterling symbol
+WACS_TTEE 0x252c + top tee
+WACS_UARROW 0x2191 ^ arrow pointing up
+WACS_ULCORNER 0x250c + upper left-hand corner
+WACS_URCORNER 0x2510 + upper right-hand corner
+WACS_VLINE 0x2502 | vertical line
+The wide-character configuration of ncurses also defines symbols
+for thick- and double-lines:
+l l l l
+_ _ _ _
+lw(1.5i) lw7 lw7 lw20.
+\fIName\fR \fIUnicode\fP \fIDefault\fR \fIDescription\fR
+WACS_T_ULCORNER 0x250f + thick upper left corner
+WACS_T_LLCORNER 0x2517 + thick lower left corner
+WACS_T_URCORNER 0x2513 + thick upper right corner
+WACS_T_LRCORNER 0x251b + thick lower right corner
+WACS_T_LTEE 0x252b + thick tee pointing right
+WACS_T_RTEE 0x2523 + thick tee pointing left
+WACS_T_BTEE 0x253b + thick tee pointing up
+WACS_T_TTEE 0x2533 + thick tee pointing down
+WACS_T_HLINE 0x2501 - thick horizontal line
+WACS_T_VLINE 0x2503 | thick vertical line
+WACS_T_PLUS 0x254b + thick large plus or crossover
+WACS_D_ULCORNER 0x2554 + double upper left corner
+WACS_D_LLCORNER 0x255a + double lower left corner
+WACS_D_URCORNER 0x2557 + double upper right corner
+WACS_D_LRCORNER 0x255d + double lower right corner
+WACS_D_RTEE 0x2563 + double tee pointing left
+WACS_D_LTEE 0x2560 + double tee pointing right
+WACS_D_BTEE 0x2569 + double tee pointing up
+WACS_D_TTEE 0x2566 + double tee pointing down
+WACS_D_HLINE 0x2550 - double horizontal line
+WACS_D_VLINE 0x2551 | double vertical line
+WACS_D_PLUS 0x256c + double large plus or crossover
All routines return the integer \fBERR\fR upon failure and \fBOK\fR on success.
+Functions with a "mv" prefix first perform a cursor movement using
+\fBwmove\fP, and return an error if the position is outside the window,
+or if the window pointer is null.
Note that
@@ -112,12 +193,26 @@ Note that
may be macros.
-All these functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4.
-The defaults specified for forms-drawing characters apply in the POSIX locale.
+All of these functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4.
+The defaults specified for line-drawing characters apply in the POSIX locale.
+X/Open Curses makes it clear that the WACS_ symbols should be defined as
+a pointer to \fBcchar_t\fP data, e.g., in the discussion of \fBborder_set\fR.
+A few implementations are problematic:
+NetBSD curses defines the symbols as a \fBwchar_t\fP within a \fBcchar_t\fP.
+HPUX curses equates some of the \fIACS_\fP symbols
+to the analogous \fIWACS_\fP symbols as if the \fIACS_\fP symbols were
+wide characters.
+The misdefined symbols are the arrows
+and other symbols which are not used for line-drawing.
-XSI documents constants beginning with \fBWACS_\fP which are used for
-Those are not currently implemented in \fBncurses\fP.
+X/Open Curses does not define symbols for thick- or double-lines.
+SVr4 curses implementations defined their line-drawing symbols in
+terms of intermediate symbols.
+This implementation extends those symbols, providing new definitions
+which are not in the SVr4 implementations.
@@ -127,9 +222,3 @@ Those are not currently implemented in \fBncurses\fP.
-.\"# The following sets edit modes for GNU EMACS
-.\"# Local Variables:
-.\"# mode:nroff
-.\"# fill-column:79
-.\"# End: