Diffstat (limited to 'man/tic.1m')
1 files changed, 100 insertions, 80 deletions
diff --git a/man/tic.1m b/man/tic.1m
index 343ec323140d..cf4147fc110f 100644
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
-.\" Copyright (c) 1998-2005,2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
+.\" Copyright (c) 1998-2006,2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
.\" Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a *
.\" copy of this software and associated documentation files (the *
@@ -26,15 +26,15 @@
.\" authorization. *
-.\" $Id: tic.1m,v 1.44 2006/12/24 17:59:11 tom Exp $
+.\" $Id: tic.1m,v 1.47 2010/12/04 18:38:55 tom Exp $
.TH @TIC@ 1M ""
.ds n 5
.ds d @TERMINFO@
-\fBtic\fR - the \fIterminfo\fR entry-description compiler
+\fBtic\fR \- the \fIterminfo\fR entry-description compiler
@@ -53,20 +53,22 @@ s\
The command \fBtic\fR translates a \fBterminfo\fR file from source
-format into compiled format. The compiled format is necessary for use with
+format into compiled format.
+The compiled format is necessary for use with
the library routines in \fBncurses\fR(3X).
The results are normally placed in the system terminfo
-directory \fB\*d\fR. There are two ways to change this behavior.
+There are two ways to change this behavior.
First, you may override the system default by setting the variable
\fBTERMINFO\fR in your shell environment to a valid (existing) directory name.
@@ -79,33 +81,38 @@ Libraries that read terminfo entries are expected to check for a TERMINFO
directory first, look at \fI$HOME/.terminfo\fR if TERMINFO is not set, and
finally look in \fI\*d\fR.
restricts the output to a single column
tells \fBtic\fP to retain commented-out capabilities rather than discarding
-them. Capabilities are commented by prefixing them with a period.
-This sets the \fB-x\fR option, because it treats the commented-out
+Capabilities are commented by prefixing them with a period.
+This sets the \fB\-x\fR option, because it treats the commented-out
entries as user-defined names.
If the source is termcap, accept the 2-character names required by version 6.
Otherwise these are ignored.
-Force source translation to termcap format. Note: this differs from the \fB-C\fR
+Force source translation to termcap format.
+Note: this differs from the \fB\-C\fR
option of \fB@INFOCMP@\fR(1M) in that it does not merely translate capability
-names, but also translates terminfo strings to termcap format. Capabilities
+names, but also translates terminfo strings to termcap format.
that are not translatable are left in the entry under their terminfo names
but commented out with two preceding dots.
tells \fBtic\fP to only check \fIfile\fR for errors, including syntax problems and
-bad use links. If you specify \fB-C\fR (\fB-I\fR) with this option, the code
+bad use links.
+If you specify \fB\-C\fR (\fB\-I\fR) with this option, the code
will print warnings about entries which, after use resolution, are more than
-1023 (4096) bytes long. Due to a fixed buffer length in older termcap
+1023 (4096) bytes long.
+Due to a fixed buffer length in older termcap
libraries (and a documented limit in terminfo), these entries may cause core
Limit writes and translations to the following comma-separated list of
If any name or alias of a terminal matches one of the names in
@@ -113,80 +120,85 @@ the list, the entry will be written or translated as normal.
Otherwise no output will be generated for it.
The option value is interpreted as a file containing the list if it
contains a '/'.
-(Note: depending on how tic was compiled, this option may require \fB-I\fR or \fB-C\fR.)
+(Note: depending on how tic was compiled, this option may require \fB\-I\fR or \fB\-C\fR.)
Display complex terminfo strings which contain if/then/else/endif expressions
indented for readability.
Display constant literals in decimal form
rather than their character equivalents.
Display constant character literals in quoted form
rather than their decimal equivalents.
Force source translation to terminfo format.
Force source translation to terminfo format
using the long C variable names listed in <\fBterm.h\fR>
-Disable smart defaults.
+Disable smart defaults.
Normally, when translating from termcap to terminfo, the compiler makes
a number of assumptions about the defaults of string capabilities
\fBreset1_string\fR, \fBcarriage_return\fR, \fBcursor_left\fR,
\fBcursor_down\fR, \fBscroll_forward\fR, \fBtab\fR, \fBnewline\fR,
\fBkey_backspace\fR, \fBkey_left\fR, and \fBkey_down\fR, then attempts
-to use obsolete termcap capabilities to deduce correct values. It also
+to use obsolete termcap capabilities to deduce correct values.
normally suppresses output of obsolete termcap capabilities such as \fBbs\fR.
This option forces a more literal translation that also preserves the
-Write compiled entries to given directory. Overrides the TERMINFO environment
+Write compiled entries to given directory.
+Overrides the TERMINFO environment
-Restrict output to a given subset. This option is for use with archaic
+Restrict output to a given subset.
+This option is for use with archaic
versions of terminfo like those on SVr1, Ultrix, or HP/UX that do not support
the full set of SVR4/XSI Curses terminfo; and outright broken ports like AIX 3.x
-that have their own extensions incompatible with SVr4/XSI. Available subsets
+that have their own extensions incompatible with SVr4/XSI.
are "SVr1", "Ultrix", "HP", "BSD" and "AIX"; see \fBterminfo\fR(\*n) for details.
Force entry resolution (so there are no remaining tc capabilities) even
-when doing translation to termcap format. This may be needed if you are
+when doing translation to termcap format.
+This may be needed if you are
preparing a termcap file for a termcap library (such as GNU termcap through
version 1.3 or BSD termcap through 4.3BSD) that does not handle multiple
tc capabilities per entry.
Summarize the compile by showing the directory into which entries
are written, and the number of entries which are compiled.
eliminates size-restrictions on the generated text.
This is mainly useful for testing and analysis, since the compiled
descriptions are limited (e.g., 1023 for termcap, 4096 for terminfo).
tells \fBtic\fP to discard commented-out capabilities.
Normally when translating from terminfo to termcap,
untranslatable capabilities are commented-out.
tells \fBtic\fP to not post-process the data after parsing the source file.
Normally, it infers data which is commonly missing in older terminfo data,
or in termcaps.
reports the version of ncurses which was used in this program, and exits.
specifies that (verbose) output be written to standard error trace
information showing \fBtic\fR's progress.
The optional parameter \fIn\fR is a number from 1 to 10, inclusive,
@@ -195,12 +207,12 @@ If \fIn\fR is omitted, the default level is 1.
If \fIn\fR is specified and greater than 1, the level of
detail is increased.
specifies the width of the output.
The parameter is optional.
If it is omitted, it defaults to 60.
Treat unknown capabilities as user-defined.
That is, if you supply a capability name which \fBtic\fP does not recognize,
it will infer its type (boolean, number or string) from the syntax and
@@ -210,7 +222,8 @@ whose name begins with ``k'' are treated as function keys.
contains one or more \fBterminfo\fR terminal descriptions in source
-format [see \fBterminfo\fR(\*n)]. Each description in the file
+format [see \fBterminfo\fR(\*n)].
+Each description in the file
describes the capabilities of a particular terminal.
The debug flag levels are as follows:
@@ -239,15 +252,18 @@ All values computed in construction of the hash table
If the debug level \fIn\fR is not given, it is taken to be one.
All but one of the capabilities recognized by \fBtic\fR are documented
-in \fBterminfo\fR(\*n). The exception is the \fBuse\fR capability.
+The exception is the \fBuse\fR capability.
-When a \fBuse\fR=\fIentry\fR-\fIname\fR field is discovered in a
+When a \fBuse\fR=\fIentry\fR\-\fIname\fR field is discovered in a
terminal entry currently being compiled, \fBtic\fR reads in the binary
-from \fB\*d\fR to complete the entry. (Entries created from
-\fIfile\fR will be used first. If the environment variable
+from \fB\*d\fR to complete the entry.
+(Entries created from
+\fIfile\fR will be used first.
+If the environment variable
\fBTERMINFO\fR is set, that directory is searched instead of
\fB\*d\fR.) \fBtic\fR duplicates the capabilities in
-\fIentry\fR-\fIname\fR for the current entry, with the exception of
+\fIentry\fR\-\fIname\fR for the current entry, with the exception of
those capabilities that explicitly are defined in the current entry.
When an entry, e.g., \fBentry_name_1\fR, contains a
@@ -259,20 +275,25 @@ canceled in \fBentry_name_1\fR.
If the environment variable \fBTERMINFO\fR is set, the compiled
results are placed there instead of \fB\*d\fR.
-Total compiled entries cannot exceed 4096 bytes. The name field cannot
-exceed 512 bytes. Terminal names exceeding the maximum alias length
+Total compiled entries cannot exceed 4096 bytes.
+The name field cannot
+exceed 512 bytes.
+Terminal names exceeding the maximum alias length
(32 characters on systems with long filenames, 14 characters otherwise)
will be truncated to the maximum alias length and a warning message will be printed.
There is some evidence that historic \fBtic\fR implementations treated
description fields with no whitespace in them as additional aliases or
-short names. This \fBtic\fR does not do that, but it does warn when
+This \fBtic\fR does not do that, but it does warn when
description fields may be treated that way and check them for dangerous
Unlike the stock SVr4 \fBtic\fR command, this implementation can actually
-compile termcap sources. In fact, entries in terminfo and termcap syntax can
-be mixed in a single source file. See \fBterminfo\fR(\*n) for the list of
+compile termcap sources.
+In fact, entries in terminfo and termcap syntax can
+be mixed in a single source file.
+See \fBterminfo\fR(\*n) for the list of
termcap names taken to be equivalent to terminfo names.
The SVr4 manual pages are not clear on the resolution rules for \fBuse\fR
@@ -287,25 +308,25 @@ The error messages from this \fBtic\fR have the same format as GNU C
error messages, and can be parsed by GNU Emacs's compile facility.
are not supported under SVr4.
-The SVr4 \fB-c\fR mode does not report bad use links.
+The SVr4 \fB\-c\fR mode does not report bad use links.
System V does not compile entries to or read entries from your
\fI$HOME/.terminfo\fR directory unless TERMINFO is explicitly set to it.
@@ -323,9 +344,8 @@ Compiled terminal description database.
This describes \fBncurses\fR
version @NCURSES_MAJOR@.@NCURSES_MINOR@ (patch @NCURSES_PATCH@).
-.\"# The following sets edit modes for GNU EMACS
-.\"# Local Variables:
+Eric S. Raymond <email@example.com>
+Thomas E. Dickey <firstname.lastname@example.org>