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1 files changed, 97 insertions, 35 deletions
diff --git a/northamerica b/northamerica
index 9e3577bca697..8771d96e64e8 100644
--- a/northamerica
+++ b/northamerica
@@ -406,6 +406,31 @@ Zone America/New_York -4:56:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:03:58
# From Paul Eggert (2015-12-25):
# Assume this practice predates 1970, so Fort Pierre can use America/Chicago.
+# From Paul Eggert (2015-04-06):
+# In 1950s Nashville a public clock had dueling faces, one for conservatives
+# and the other for liberals; the two sides didn't agree about the time of day.
+# I haven't found a photo of this clock, nor have I tracked down the TIME
+# magazine report cited below, but here's the story as told by the late
+# American journalist John Seigenthaler, who was there:
+#
+# "The two [newspaper] owners held strongly contrasting political and
+# ideological views. Evans was a New South liberal, Stahlman an Old South
+# conservative, and their two papers frequently clashed editorially, often on
+# the same day.... In the 1950s as the state legislature was grappling with
+# the question of whether to approve daylight saving time for the entire state,
+# TIME magazine reported:
+#
+# "'The Nashville Banner and The Nashville Tennessean rarely agree on anything
+# but the time of day - and last week they couldn't agree on that.'
+#
+# "It was all too true. The clock on the front of the building had two faces -
+# The Tennessean side of the building facing west, the other, east. When it
+# was high noon Banner time, it was 11 a.m. Tennessean time."
+#
+# Seigenthaler J. For 100 years, Tennessean had it covered.
+# The Tennessean 2007-05-11, republished 2015-04-06.
+# https://www.tennessean.com/story/insider/extras/2015/04/06/archives-seigenthaler-for-100-years-the-tennessean-had-it-covered/25348545/
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule Chicago 1920 only - Jun 13 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Chicago 1920 1921 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
@@ -945,21 +970,21 @@ Zone America/Indiana/Vincennes -5:50:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:09:53
-5:00 US E%sT
#
# Perry County, Indiana, switched from eastern to central time in April 2006.
+# From Alois Triendl (2019-07-09):
+# The Indianapolis News, Friday 27 October 1967 states that Perry County
+# returned to CST. It went again to EST on 27 April 1969, as documented by the
+# Indianapolis star of Saturday 26 April.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
-Rule Perry 1946 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Perry 1946 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Perry 1953 1954 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Perry 1953 1959 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Perry 1955 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Perry 1955 1960 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Perry 1956 1963 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Perry 1960 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Perry 1961 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Perry 1962 1963 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Perry 1961 1963 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Tell_City -5:47:03 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:12:57
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
-6:00 Perry C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 1969
+ -5:00 - EST 1967 Oct 29 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 1969 Apr 27 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT 1971
-5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT
@@ -1035,16 +1060,27 @@ Zone America/Indiana/Vevay -5:40:16 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:19:44
# clear how this matched civil time in Louisville, so for now continue
# to assume Louisville switched at noon new local time, like New York.
#
+# From Michael Deckers (2019-08-06):
+# From the contemporary source given by Alois Treindl,
+# the switch in Louisville on 1946-04-28 was on 00:01
+# From Paul Eggert (2019-08-26):
+# That source was the Louisville Courier-Journal, 1946-04-27, p 4.
+# Shanks gives 02:00 for all 20th-century transition times in Louisville.
+# Evidently this is wrong for spring 1946. Although also likely wrong
+# for other dates, we have no data.
+#
# Part of Kentucky left its clocks alone in 1974.
# This also includes Clark, Floyd, and Harrison counties in Indiana.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule Louisville 1921 only - May 1 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Louisville 1921 only - Sep 1 2:00 0 S
-Rule Louisville 1941 1961 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Louisville 1941 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Louisville 1941 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Louisville 1946 only - Apr lastSun 0:01 1:00 D
Rule Louisville 1946 only - Jun 2 2:00 0 S
+Rule Louisville 1950 1961 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Louisville 1950 1955 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Louisville 1956 1960 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Louisville 1956 1961 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Kentucky/Louisville -5:43:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:16:58
-6:00 US C%sT 1921
@@ -1134,18 +1170,19 @@ Zone America/Kentucky/Monticello -5:39:24 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:20:36
# one hour in 1914." This change is not in Shanks. We have no more
# info, so omit this for now.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2017-07-26):
-# Although Shanks says Detroit observed DST in 1967 from 06-14 00:01
-# until 10-29 00:01, I now see multiple reports that this is incorrect.
-# For example, according to a 50-year anniversary report about the 1967
-# Detroit riots and a major-league doubleheader on 1967-07-23, "By the time
-# the last fly ball of the doubleheader settled into the glove of leftfielder
-# Lenny Green, it was after 7 p.m. Detroit did not observe daylight saving
-# time, so light was already starting to fail. Twilight was made even deeper
-# by billowing columns of smoke that ascended in an unbroken wall north of the
-# ballpark." See: Dow B. Detroit '67: As violence unfolded, Tigers played two
-# at home vs. Yankees. Detroit Free Press 2017-07-23.
-# https://www.freep.com/story/sports/mlb/tigers/2017/07/23/detroit-tigers-1967-riot-new-york-yankees/499951001/
+# From Paul Eggert (2019-07-06):
+# Due to a complicated set of legal maneuvers, in 1967 Michigan did
+# not start daylight saving time when the rest of the US did.
+# Instead, it began DST on Jun 14 at 00:01. This was big news:
+# the Detroit Free Press reported it at the top of Page 1 on
+# 1967-06-14, in an article "State Adjusting to Switch to Fast Time"
+# by Gary Blonston, above an article about Thurgood Marshall's
+# confirmation to the US Supreme Court. Although Shanks says Detroit
+# observed DST until 1967-10-29 00:01, that time of day seems to be
+# incorrect, as the Free Press later said DST ended in Michigan at the
+# same time as the rest of the US. Also, although Shanks reports no DST in
+# Detroit in 1968, it did observe DST that year; in the November 1968
+# election Michigan voters narrowly repealed DST, effective 1969.
#
# Most of Michigan observed DST from 1973 on, but was a bit late in 1975.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
@@ -1156,7 +1193,9 @@ Zone America/Detroit -5:32:11 - LMT 1905
-6:00 - CST 1915 May 15 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1942
-5:00 US E%sT 1946
- -5:00 Detroit E%sT 1973
+ -5:00 Detroit E%sT 1967 Jun 14 0:01
+ -5:00 US E%sT 1969
+ -5:00 - EST 1973
-5:00 US E%sT 1975
-5:00 - EST 1975 Apr 27 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
@@ -1205,6 +1244,12 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
#
# Other sources occasionally used include:
#
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
+# <https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+#
+# Pearce C. The Great Daylight Saving Time Controversy.
+# Australian Ebook Publisher. 2017. ISBN 978-1-925516-96-8.
+#
# Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated),
# which I found in the UCLA library.
@@ -1213,9 +1258,6 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
# <http://cs.ucla.edu/~eggert/The-Waste-of-Daylight-19th.pdf>
# [PDF] (1914-03)
#
-# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
-# <https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
-#
# See the 'europe' file for Greenland.
# Canada
@@ -1857,9 +1899,8 @@ Zone America/Winnipeg -6:28:36 - LMT 1887 Jul 16
# Willett (1914-03) notes that DST "has been in operation ... in the
# City of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, for one year."
-# From Paul Eggert (2019-04-26):
-# Chris Pearce's book "The Great Daylight Saving Time Controversy" (2017)
-# says that Regina observed DST in 1914-1917. No dates and times,
+# From Paul Eggert (2019-07-25):
+# Pearce's book says Regina observed DST in 1914-1917. No dates and times,
# unfortunately. It also says that in 1914 Saskatoon observed DST
# from 1 June to 6 July, and that DST was also tried out in Davidson,
# Melfort, and Prince Albert.
@@ -1939,6 +1980,19 @@ Zone America/Swift_Current -7:11:20 - LMT 1905 Sep
# Alberta
+# From Alois Triendl (2019-07-19):
+# There was no DST in Alberta in 1967... Calgary Herald, 29 April 1967.
+# 1969, no DST, from Edmonton Journal 18 April 1969
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2019-07-25):
+# Pearce's book says that Alberta's 1948 Daylight Saving Act required
+# Mountain Standard Time without DST, and that "anyone who broke that law
+# could be fined up to $25 and costs". There seems to be no record of
+# anybody paying the fine. The law was not changed until an August 1971
+# plebiscite reinstituted DST in 1972. This story is also mentioned in:
+# Boyer JP. Forcing Choice: The Risky Reward of Referendums. Dundum. 2017.
+# ISBN 978-1459739123.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Edm 1918 1919 - Apr Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Edm 1918 only - Oct 27 2:00 0 S
@@ -1951,10 +2005,6 @@ Rule Edm 1945 only - Aug 14 23:00u 1:00 P # Peace
Rule Edm 1945 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Edm 1947 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Edm 1947 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Edm 1967 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Edm 1967 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Edm 1969 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Edm 1969 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Edm 1972 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Edm 1972 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2037,8 +2087,20 @@ Zone America/Edmonton -7:33:52 - LMT 1906 Sep
# been on MST (-0700) like Dawson Creek since it advanced its clocks on
# 2015-03-08.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2015-09-23):
+# From Paul Eggert (2019-07-25):
# Shanks says Fort Nelson did not observe DST in 1946, unlike Vancouver.
+# Alois Triendl confirmed this on 07-22, citing the 1946-04-27 Vancouver Daily
+# Province. He also cited the 1946-09-28 Victoria Daily Times, which said
+# that Vancouver, Victoria, etc. "change at midnight Saturday"; for now,
+# guess they meant 02:00 Sunday since 02:00 was common practice in Vancouver.
+#
+# Early Vancouver, Volume Four, by Major J.S. Matthews, V.D., 2011 edition
+# says that a 1922 plebiscite adopted DST, but a 1923 plebiscite rejected it.
+# http://former.vancouver.ca/ctyclerk/archives/digitized/EarlyVan/SearchEarlyVan/Vol4pdf/MatthewsEarlyVancouverVol4_DaylightSavings.pdf
+# A catalog entry for a newspaper clipping seems to indicate that Vancouver
+# observed DST in 1941 from 07-07 through 09-27; see
+# https://searcharchives.vancouver.ca/daylight-saving-1918-starts-again-july-7-1941-start-d-s-sept-27-end-of-d-s-1941
+# We have no further details, so omit them for now.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Vanc 1918 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -2047,7 +2109,7 @@ Rule Vanc 1942 only - Feb 9 2:00 1:00 W # War
Rule Vanc 1945 only - Aug 14 23:00u 1:00 P # Peace
Rule Vanc 1945 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 S
Rule Vanc 1946 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Vanc 1946 only - Oct 13 2:00 0 S
+Rule Vanc 1946 only - Sep 29 2:00 0 S
Rule Vanc 1947 1961 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Vanc 1962 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]