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-rw-r--r--sbin/atm/atm/atm.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/badsect/badsect.88
-rw-r--r--sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.58
-rw-r--r--sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.866
-rw-r--r--sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.812
-rw-r--r--sbin/ccdconfig/ccdconfig.88
-rw-r--r--sbin/cxconfig/cxconfig.818
-rw-r--r--sbin/disklabel/disklabel.58
-rw-r--r--sbin/disklabel/disklabel.866
-rw-r--r--sbin/dump/dump.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/dumpon/dumpon.812
-rw-r--r--sbin/fdisk/fdisk.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/fdisk_pc98/fdisk.84
-rw-r--r--sbin/ffsinfo/ffsinfo.810
-rw-r--r--sbin/fsck/fsck.810
-rw-r--r--sbin/fsck_ffs/fsck_ffs.822
-rw-r--r--sbin/fsck_ifs/fsck_ifs.824
-rw-r--r--sbin/fsdb/fsdb.816
-rw-r--r--sbin/growfs/growfs.836
-rw-r--r--sbin/i386/cxconfig/cxconfig.818
-rw-r--r--sbin/i386/fdisk/fdisk.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/i386/nextboot/nextboot.820
-rw-r--r--sbin/init/init.822
-rw-r--r--sbin/kget/kget.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/md5/md5.12
-rw-r--r--sbin/mdconfig/mdconfig.810
-rw-r--r--sbin/mknod/mknod.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_nfs/mount_nfs.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_ntfs/mount_ntfs.84
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_nullfs/mount_nullfs.832
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_nwfs/mount_nwfs.830
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_std/mount_std.812
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_umapfs/mount_umapfs.834
-rw-r--r--sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/mountd/netgroup.54
-rw-r--r--sbin/newfs/newfs.814
-rw-r--r--sbin/nextboot/nextboot.820
-rw-r--r--sbin/nfsd/nfsd.84
-rw-r--r--sbin/nologin/nologin.58
-rw-r--r--sbin/nologin/nologin.82
-rw-r--r--sbin/nos-tun/nos-tun.86
-rw-r--r--sbin/pc98/fdisk/fdisk.84
-rw-r--r--sbin/ping/ping.814
-rw-r--r--sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.814
-rw-r--r--sbin/reboot/boot_i386.826
-rw-r--r--sbin/reboot/reboot.88
-rw-r--r--sbin/restore/restore.826
-rw-r--r--sbin/route/route.828
-rw-r--r--sbin/slattach/slattach.86
49 files changed, 356 insertions, 356 deletions
diff --git a/sbin/atm/atm/atm.8 b/sbin/atm/atm/atm.8
index 67764055e31e..3988daab535a 100644
--- a/sbin/atm/atm/atm.8
+++ b/sbin/atm/atm/atm.8
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ IP management subcommands:
[<netif>] <host>
.ti -5
.B atm set arpserver
-<netif> <ATM address> | local [<IP prefix> ...]
+<netif> <ATM address> | local [<IP prefix> ...]
.ti -5
.B atm show ARP
[<host>]
diff --git a/sbin/badsect/badsect.8 b/sbin/badsect/badsect.8
index 5aa4b01922a2..7ac3e7245e46 100644
--- a/sbin/badsect/badsect.8
+++ b/sbin/badsect/badsect.8
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ currently requires the running of the standard
formatter.
Thus to deal with a newly bad block
or on disks where the drivers
-do not support the bad-blocking standard
+do not support the bad-blocking standard
.Nm
may be used to good effect.
.Pp
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ and run
on the file system. The bad sectors should show up in two files
or in the bad sector files and the free list. Have
.Xr fsck
-remove files containing the offending bad sectors, but
+remove files containing the offending bad sectors, but
.Em do not
have it remove the
.Pa BAD/ Ns Em nnnnn
@@ -103,11 +103,11 @@ works by giving the specified sector numbers in a
system call,
creating an illegal file whose first block address is the block containing
bad sector and whose name is the bad sector number.
-When it is discovered by
+When it is discovered by
.Xr fsck 8
it will ask
.Dq Li "HOLD BAD BLOCK \&?" .
-A positive response will cause
+A positive response will cause
.Xr fsck 8
to convert the inode to a regular file containing the bad block.
.Sh SEE ALSO
diff --git a/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.5 b/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.5
index fcd4b0d66b90..efd31df38bef 100644
--- a/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.5
+++ b/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.5
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ A copy of the in-core label for a disk can be obtained with the
.Xr ioctl 2 ;
this works with a file descriptor for a block or character (``raw'') device
for any partition of the disk.
-The in-core copy of the label is set by the
+The in-core copy of the label is set by the
.Dv DIOCSDINFO
.Xr ioctl 2 .
The offset of a partition cannot generally be changed while it is open,
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ nor can it be made smaller while it is open.
One exception is that any change is allowed if no label was found
on the disk, and the driver was able to construct only a skeletal label
without partition information.
-Finally, the
+Finally, the
.Dv DIOCWDINFO
.Xr ioctl 2
operation sets the in-core label and then updates the on-disk label;
@@ -162,7 +162,7 @@ struct disklabel {
u_int16_t d_subtype; /* controller/d_type specific */
char d_typename[16]; /* type name, e.g. "eagle" */
- /*
+ /*
* d_packname contains the pack identifier and is returned when
* the disklabel is read off the disk or in-core copy.
* d_boot0 and d_boot1 are the (optional) names of the
@@ -412,7 +412,7 @@ struct dos_partition {
unsigned char dp_mid;
#define DOSMID_386BSD (0x14|0x80) /* 386bsd|bootable */
unsigned char dp_sid;
-#define DOSSID_386BSD (0x44|0x80) /* 386bsd|active */
+#define DOSSID_386BSD (0x44|0x80) /* 386bsd|active */
unsigned char dp_dum1;
unsigned char dp_dum2;
unsigned char dp_ipl_sct;
diff --git a/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.8 b/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.8
index 8c7e69d4e06e..8432686e8c8a 100644
--- a/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.8
+++ b/sbin/bsdlabel/bsdlabel.8
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ is described under each command.
.Pp
.Ss Disk device name
.Pp
-All
+All
.Nm
forms require a disk device name, which should always be the raw
device name representing the disk or slice. For example
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ will automatically prepend it.
.Ss Reading the disk label
.Pp
To examine or save the label on a disk drive, use
-.Nm
+.Nm
without options:
.Pp
.Nm
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ if the disk has no label, or the partition types on the disk are incorrect,
the kernel may have constructed or modified the label.
If the
.Fl r
-flag is given,
+flag is given,
.Nm
reads the label from the raw disk and displays it. Both versions are usually
identical except in the case where a label has not yet been initialized or
@@ -355,7 +355,7 @@ You should never use this command on a base disk unless you intend to create a
.Dq dangerously-dedicated
disk, such as
.Ar da0 .
-This command is typically run on a slice such as
+This command is typically run on a slice such as
.Ar da0s1 .
.Pp
.Nm
@@ -371,7 +371,7 @@ This command is typically run on a slice such as
.Pp
This form corresponds to the
.Dq write label
-command described above.
+command described above.
In addition to writing a new volume label, it also installs the bootstrap.
If run on a base disk this command will create a
.Dq dangerously-dedicated
@@ -394,7 +394,7 @@ disklabel that would have been written will be printed to stdout.
.Pp
This form corresponds to the
.Dq restore label
-command described above.
+command described above.
In addition to restoring the volume label, it also installs the bootstrap.
If run on a base disk this command will create a
.Dq dangerously-dedicated
@@ -416,7 +416,7 @@ Specify the names explicitly with the
.Fl b
and
.Fl s
-flags.
+flags.
.Fl b
indicates the primary boot program and
.Fl s
@@ -427,11 +427,11 @@ If the
.Fl b
and
.Fl s
-flags are not specified, but
+flags are not specified, but
.Ar disktype
-was specified, the names of the programs are taken from the
+was specified, the names of the programs are taken from the
.Dq b0
-and
+and
.Dq b1
parameters of the
.Xr disktab 5
@@ -475,7 +475,7 @@ to edit your newly created label, adding appropriate partitions.
Finally newfs the filesystem partitions you created in the label. A typical
disklabel partitioning scheme would be to have an
.Dq a
-partition
+partition
of approximately 128MB to hold the root filesystem, a
.Dq b
partition for
@@ -520,7 +520,7 @@ label. The format is:
# /dev/da1c:
type: SCSI
disk: da0s1
-label:
+label:
flags:
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 51
@@ -534,7 +534,7 @@ trackskew: 0
cylinderskew: 0
headswitch: 0 # milliseconds
track-to-track seek: 0 # milliseconds
-drivedata: 0
+drivedata: 0
8 partitions:
# size offset fstype [fsize bsize bps/cpg]
@@ -555,7 +555,7 @@ option when writing a label.
.It Nm flags
Flags may be
.Ar removable ,
-.Ar ecc
+.Ar ecc
or
.Ar badsect .
.Ar removable
@@ -564,7 +564,7 @@ is set for removable media drives, but no current
driver evaluates this
flag.
.Ar ecc
-is no longer supported;
+is no longer supported;
.Ar badsect
specifies that the drive can perform bad sector remapping.
.It Nm sectors/unit
@@ -652,7 +652,7 @@ use.
See the definitions starting with
.Dv FS_UNUSED
in
-.Pa /usr/include/sys/disklabel.h
+.Pa /usr/include/sys/disklabel.h
for more details.
.It fsize
For
@@ -679,7 +679,7 @@ cylinder boundary.
.Sh EXAMPLES
.Dl disklabel da0
.Pp
-Display the in-core label for
+Display the in-core label for
.Pa da0s1
as obtained via
.Pa /dev/da0s1 .
@@ -693,7 +693,7 @@ label. Normally you specify the slice.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel da0s1 > savedlabel
.Pp
-Save the in-core label for
+Save the in-core label for
.Pa da0s1
into the file
.Pa savedlabel .
@@ -703,7 +703,7 @@ flag to restore the label at a later date.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -w -r /dev/da0s1 da2212 foo
.Pp
-Create a label for
+Create a label for
.Pa da0s1
based on information for
.Dq da2212
@@ -713,28 +713,28 @@ Any existing bootstrap code will be clobbered.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -e -r da0s1
.Pp
-Read the on-disk label for
+Read the on-disk label for
.Pa da0s1 ,
edit it and reinstall in-core as well as on-disk. Existing bootstrap code is
unaffected.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -e -r -n da0s1
.Pp
-Read the on-disk label for
+Read the on-disk label for
.Pa da0s1 ,
edit it, and display what the new label would be (in sectors). It does
NOT install the new label either in-core or on-disk.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -r -w da0s1 auto
.Pp
-Try to auto-detect the required information from
+Try to auto-detect the required information from
.Pa da0s1 ,
and write a new label to the disk. Use another disklabel -e command to edit the
partitioning and file system information.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -R da0s1 savedlabel
.Pp
-Restore the on-disk and in-core label for
+Restore the on-disk and in-core label for
.Pa da0s1
from information in
.Pa savedlabel .
@@ -742,7 +742,7 @@ Existing bootstrap code is unaffected.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -R -n da0s1 label_layout
.Pp
-Display what the label would be for
+Display what the label would be for
.Pa da0s1
using the partition layout in
.Pa label_layout .
@@ -755,7 +755,7 @@ partition sizes.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -B da0s1
.Pp
-Install a new bootstrap on
+Install a new bootstrap on
.Pa da0s1 .
The boot code comes from
.Pa /boot/boot1
@@ -801,7 +801,7 @@ which could be used as a source file for
# /dev/ad0s1c:
type: ESDI
disk: ad0s1
-label:
+label:
flags:
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 63
@@ -815,16 +815,16 @@ trackskew: 0
cylinderskew: 0
headswitch: 0 # milliseconds
track-to-track seek: 0 # milliseconds
-drivedata: 0
+drivedata: 0
8 partitions:
# size offset fstype [fsize bsize bps/cpg]
a: 400M 0 4.2BSD 4096 16384 75 # (Cyl. 0 - 812*)
- b: 1G * swap
- c: * * unused
- e: 204800 * 4.2BSD
- f: 5g * 4.2BSD
- g: * * 4.2BSD
+ b: 1G * swap
+ c: * * unused
+ e: 204800 * 4.2BSD
+ f: 5g * 4.2BSD
+ g: * * 4.2BSD
.Ed
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ccd 4 ,
@@ -837,7 +837,7 @@ drivedata: 0
The kernel device drivers will not allow the size of a disk partition
to be decreased or the offset of a partition to be changed while it is open.
Some device drivers create a label containing only a single large partition
-if a disk is unlabeled; thus, the label must be written to the
+if a disk is unlabeled; thus, the label must be written to the
.Dq a
partition of the disk while it is open. This sometimes requires the desired
label to be set in two steps, the first one creating at least one other
diff --git a/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8 b/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8
index 7038d2a4ed73..4b537a36b514 100644
--- a/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8
+++ b/sbin/camcontrol/camcontrol.8
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@
.Op device id
.Op generic args
.Nm
-.Ic inquiry
+.Ic inquiry
.Op device id
.Op generic args
.Op Fl D
@@ -377,7 +377,7 @@ that is to be written. If the format is
bytes of data will be read from standard input and written to the device.
.El
.It Ic debug
-Turn on CAM debugging printfs in the kernel. This requires options CAMDEBUG
+Turn on CAM debugging printfs in the kernel. This requires options CAMDEBUG
in your kernel config file. WARNING: enabling debugging printfs currently
causes an EXTREME number of kernel printfs. You may have difficulty
turning off the debugging printfs once they start, since the kernel will be
@@ -607,14 +607,14 @@ variable allows the user to specify an alternate mode page format file.
.Pp
The
.Ev EDITOR
-variable determines which text editor
+variable determines which text editor
.Nm
starts when editing mode pages.
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width /usr/share/misc/scsi_modes -compact
.It Pa /usr/share/misc/scsi_modes
is the SCSI mode format database.
-.It Pa /dev/xpt0
+.It Pa /dev/xpt0
is the transport layer device.
.It Pa /dev/pass*
are the CAM application passthrough devices.
@@ -717,7 +717,7 @@ utility and
.Xr scsi 3
library, written by Julian Elischer and Peter Dufault. The
.Xr scsi 8
-program first appeared in 386BSD 0.1.2.4, and first appeared in
+program first appeared in 386BSD 0.1.2.4, and first appeared in
.Fx
in
.Fx 2.0.5 .
@@ -734,7 +734,7 @@ camcontrol cmd -n da -u 1 -c "00 00 00 00 00 v" 0x00 -v
The sense information from the test unit ready command would not get
printed out, since the first
.Xr getopt 3
-call in
+call in
.Nm
bails out when it sees the second argument to
.Fl c
diff --git a/sbin/ccdconfig/ccdconfig.8 b/sbin/ccdconfig/ccdconfig.8
index 6134148c14e3..2b7786221839 100644
--- a/sbin/ccdconfig/ccdconfig.8
+++ b/sbin/ccdconfig/ccdconfig.8
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ argument is optional.
ccd0 16 none /dev/da2e /dev/da3e
.Ed
.Pp
-The component devices need to name partitions of type
+The component devices need to name partitions of type
.Li FS_BSDFFS
(or
.Dq 4.2BSD
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ as shown by
.Sh EXAMPLES
A number of ccdconfig examples are shown below. The arguments passed
to ccdconfig are exactly the same as you might place in the
-.Pa /etc/ccd.conf
+.Pa /etc/ccd.conf
configuration file. The first example creates a 4-disk stripe out of
four scsi disk partitions. The stripe uses a 64 sector interleave.
The second example is an example of a complex stripe/mirror combination.
@@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ mirror. /dev/da2e is mirrored with /dev/da4e and assigned to ccd0.
.Pp
When you create a new ccd disk you generally want to
.Nm disklabel
-it before doing anything else. Once you create the initial label you can
+it before doing anything else. Once you create the initial label you can
edit it, adding additional partitions. The label itself takes up the first
16 sectors of the ccd disk. If all you are doing is creating filesystems
with newfs, you do not have to worry about this as newfs will skip the
@@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ device list making up the ccd disk, will usually destroy any prior
data on that ccd disk. If this occurs it is usually a good idea to
reinitialize the label before [re]constructing your ccd disk.
.Sh RECOVERY
-An error on a ccd disk is usually unrecoverable unless you are using the
+An error on a ccd disk is usually unrecoverable unless you are using the
mirroring option. But mirroring has its own perils: It assumes that
both copies of the data at any given sector are the same. This holds true
until a write error occurs or until you replace either side of the mirror.
diff --git a/sbin/cxconfig/cxconfig.8 b/sbin/cxconfig/cxconfig.8
index a6701fef37ce..40ebf79c4989 100644
--- a/sbin/cxconfig/cxconfig.8
+++ b/sbin/cxconfig/cxconfig.8
@@ -10,17 +10,17 @@
.Op Fl a
.Op Ar <channel> Op Ar <option>...
.Sh DESCRIPTION
-The
+The
.Nm
utility is used for configuring the channel options of
the Cronyx-Sigma adapter.
.Pp
To change channel options the channel should be free: the corresponding
-network interface in ``down'' state, the asynchronous terminal device
+network interface in ``down'' state, the asynchronous terminal device
.Pa /dev/tty*
closed.
Generally, the channel options are set up during the operating
-system startup, for example from the
+system startup, for example from the
.Pa /etc/rc
file.
.Pp
@@ -76,15 +76,15 @@ Set the zero channel hardware interface type.
.Bl -tag -width 10n
.It "nrz, nrzi, manchester"
Set the data line signal encoding.
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em NRZ
encoding the zero bit is transmitted by the zero signal
level, the one bit - by the positive signal level.
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em NRZI
encoding the zero bit is transmitted by the change of
the signal level, the one bit - by the constant signal level.
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em Manchester
encoding the zero bit is encoded as 01 value,
the one bit - as 10 value.
@@ -96,9 +96,9 @@ is derived from the received data.
Set the local loopback mode.
.It "+extclock, -extclock"
Set the timing clock source of synchronous channels. There are
-two possible variants:
+two possible variants:
.Em "external clock"
-source or
+source or
.Em "internal clock"
generation.
.Pp
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ external modem hardware. In this mode the external timing
signal is received on TXCIN pin of the connector, and it is
used as a synchronization clock for transmitting data (TXD).
.Pp
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em "internal clock"
mode the transmitted data (TXD)
are synchronized using the internal on-board timing generator,
diff --git a/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.5 b/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.5
index fcd4b0d66b90..efd31df38bef 100644
--- a/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.5
+++ b/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.5
@@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ A copy of the in-core label for a disk can be obtained with the
.Xr ioctl 2 ;
this works with a file descriptor for a block or character (``raw'') device
for any partition of the disk.
-The in-core copy of the label is set by the
+The in-core copy of the label is set by the
.Dv DIOCSDINFO
.Xr ioctl 2 .
The offset of a partition cannot generally be changed while it is open,
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ nor can it be made smaller while it is open.
One exception is that any change is allowed if no label was found
on the disk, and the driver was able to construct only a skeletal label
without partition information.
-Finally, the
+Finally, the
.Dv DIOCWDINFO
.Xr ioctl 2
operation sets the in-core label and then updates the on-disk label;
@@ -162,7 +162,7 @@ struct disklabel {
u_int16_t d_subtype; /* controller/d_type specific */
char d_typename[16]; /* type name, e.g. "eagle" */
- /*
+ /*
* d_packname contains the pack identifier and is returned when
* the disklabel is read off the disk or in-core copy.
* d_boot0 and d_boot1 are the (optional) names of the
@@ -412,7 +412,7 @@ struct dos_partition {
unsigned char dp_mid;
#define DOSMID_386BSD (0x14|0x80) /* 386bsd|bootable */
unsigned char dp_sid;
-#define DOSSID_386BSD (0x44|0x80) /* 386bsd|active */
+#define DOSSID_386BSD (0x44|0x80) /* 386bsd|active */
unsigned char dp_dum1;
unsigned char dp_dum2;
unsigned char dp_ipl_sct;
diff --git a/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.8 b/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.8
index 8c7e69d4e06e..8432686e8c8a 100644
--- a/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.8
+++ b/sbin/disklabel/disklabel.8
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ is described under each command.
.Pp
.Ss Disk device name
.Pp
-All
+All
.Nm
forms require a disk device name, which should always be the raw
device name representing the disk or slice. For example
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ will automatically prepend it.
.Ss Reading the disk label
.Pp
To examine or save the label on a disk drive, use
-.Nm
+.Nm
without options:
.Pp
.Nm
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ if the disk has no label, or the partition types on the disk are incorrect,
the kernel may have constructed or modified the label.
If the
.Fl r
-flag is given,
+flag is given,
.Nm
reads the label from the raw disk and displays it. Both versions are usually
identical except in the case where a label has not yet been initialized or
@@ -355,7 +355,7 @@ You should never use this command on a base disk unless you intend to create a
.Dq dangerously-dedicated
disk, such as
.Ar da0 .
-This command is typically run on a slice such as
+This command is typically run on a slice such as
.Ar da0s1 .
.Pp
.Nm
@@ -371,7 +371,7 @@ This command is typically run on a slice such as
.Pp
This form corresponds to the
.Dq write label
-command described above.
+command described above.
In addition to writing a new volume label, it also installs the bootstrap.
If run on a base disk this command will create a
.Dq dangerously-dedicated
@@ -394,7 +394,7 @@ disklabel that would have been written will be printed to stdout.
.Pp
This form corresponds to the
.Dq restore label
-command described above.
+command described above.
In addition to restoring the volume label, it also installs the bootstrap.
If run on a base disk this command will create a
.Dq dangerously-dedicated
@@ -416,7 +416,7 @@ Specify the names explicitly with the
.Fl b
and
.Fl s
-flags.
+flags.
.Fl b
indicates the primary boot program and
.Fl s
@@ -427,11 +427,11 @@ If the
.Fl b
and
.Fl s
-flags are not specified, but
+flags are not specified, but
.Ar disktype
-was specified, the names of the programs are taken from the
+was specified, the names of the programs are taken from the
.Dq b0
-and
+and
.Dq b1
parameters of the
.Xr disktab 5
@@ -475,7 +475,7 @@ to edit your newly created label, adding appropriate partitions.
Finally newfs the filesystem partitions you created in the label. A typical
disklabel partitioning scheme would be to have an
.Dq a
-partition
+partition
of approximately 128MB to hold the root filesystem, a
.Dq b
partition for
@@ -520,7 +520,7 @@ label. The format is:
# /dev/da1c:
type: SCSI
disk: da0s1
-label:
+label:
flags:
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 51
@@ -534,7 +534,7 @@ trackskew: 0
cylinderskew: 0
headswitch: 0 # milliseconds
track-to-track seek: 0 # milliseconds
-drivedata: 0
+drivedata: 0
8 partitions:
# size offset fstype [fsize bsize bps/cpg]
@@ -555,7 +555,7 @@ option when writing a label.
.It Nm flags
Flags may be
.Ar removable ,
-.Ar ecc
+.Ar ecc
or
.Ar badsect .
.Ar removable
@@ -564,7 +564,7 @@ is set for removable media drives, but no current
driver evaluates this
flag.
.Ar ecc
-is no longer supported;
+is no longer supported;
.Ar badsect
specifies that the drive can perform bad sector remapping.
.It Nm sectors/unit
@@ -652,7 +652,7 @@ use.
See the definitions starting with
.Dv FS_UNUSED
in
-.Pa /usr/include/sys/disklabel.h
+.Pa /usr/include/sys/disklabel.h
for more details.
.It fsize
For
@@ -679,7 +679,7 @@ cylinder boundary.
.Sh EXAMPLES
.Dl disklabel da0
.Pp
-Display the in-core label for
+Display the in-core label for
.Pa da0s1
as obtained via
.Pa /dev/da0s1 .
@@ -693,7 +693,7 @@ label. Normally you specify the slice.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel da0s1 > savedlabel
.Pp
-Save the in-core label for
+Save the in-core label for
.Pa da0s1
into the file
.Pa savedlabel .
@@ -703,7 +703,7 @@ flag to restore the label at a later date.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -w -r /dev/da0s1 da2212 foo
.Pp
-Create a label for
+Create a label for
.Pa da0s1
based on information for
.Dq da2212
@@ -713,28 +713,28 @@ Any existing bootstrap code will be clobbered.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -e -r da0s1
.Pp
-Read the on-disk label for
+Read the on-disk label for
.Pa da0s1 ,
edit it and reinstall in-core as well as on-disk. Existing bootstrap code is
unaffected.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -e -r -n da0s1
.Pp
-Read the on-disk label for
+Read the on-disk label for
.Pa da0s1 ,
edit it, and display what the new label would be (in sectors). It does
NOT install the new label either in-core or on-disk.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -r -w da0s1 auto
.Pp
-Try to auto-detect the required information from
+Try to auto-detect the required information from
.Pa da0s1 ,
and write a new label to the disk. Use another disklabel -e command to edit the
partitioning and file system information.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -R da0s1 savedlabel
.Pp
-Restore the on-disk and in-core label for
+Restore the on-disk and in-core label for
.Pa da0s1
from information in
.Pa savedlabel .
@@ -742,7 +742,7 @@ Existing bootstrap code is unaffected.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -R -n da0s1 label_layout
.Pp
-Display what the label would be for
+Display what the label would be for
.Pa da0s1
using the partition layout in
.Pa label_layout .
@@ -755,7 +755,7 @@ partition sizes.
.Pp
.Dl disklabel -B da0s1
.Pp
-Install a new bootstrap on
+Install a new bootstrap on
.Pa da0s1 .
The boot code comes from
.Pa /boot/boot1
@@ -801,7 +801,7 @@ which could be used as a source file for
# /dev/ad0s1c:
type: ESDI
disk: ad0s1
-label:
+label:
flags:
bytes/sector: 512
sectors/track: 63
@@ -815,16 +815,16 @@ trackskew: 0
cylinderskew: 0
headswitch: 0 # milliseconds
track-to-track seek: 0 # milliseconds
-drivedata: 0
+drivedata: 0
8 partitions:
# size offset fstype [fsize bsize bps/cpg]
a: 400M 0 4.2BSD 4096 16384 75 # (Cyl. 0 - 812*)
- b: 1G * swap
- c: * * unused
- e: 204800 * 4.2BSD
- f: 5g * 4.2BSD
- g: * * 4.2BSD
+ b: 1G * swap
+ c: * * unused
+ e: 204800 * 4.2BSD
+ f: 5g * 4.2BSD
+ g: * * 4.2BSD
.Ed
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ccd 4 ,
@@ -837,7 +837,7 @@ drivedata: 0
The kernel device drivers will not allow the size of a disk partition
to be decreased or the offset of a partition to be changed while it is open.
Some device drivers create a label containing only a single large partition
-if a disk is unlabeled; thus, the label must be written to the
+if a disk is unlabeled; thus, the label must be written to the
.Dq a
partition of the disk while it is open. This sometimes requires the desired
label to be set in two steps, the first one creating at least one other
diff --git a/sbin/dump/dump.8 b/sbin/dump/dump.8
index da013d890439..e1b9f5136684 100644
--- a/sbin/dump/dump.8
+++ b/sbin/dump/dump.8
@@ -224,7 +224,7 @@ filesystem name,
increment level
and
.Xr ctime 3
-format dump date.
+format dump date.
There may be only one entry per filesystem at each level.
The
.Pa dumpdates
diff --git a/sbin/dumpon/dumpon.8 b/sbin/dumpon/dumpon.8
index ab3333692c1b..011ec172b756 100644
--- a/sbin/dumpon/dumpon.8
+++ b/sbin/dumpon/dumpon.8
@@ -50,21 +50,21 @@
is used to specify a device where the kernel can save a crash dump in
the case of a panic.
.Pp
-Calls to
+Calls to
.Nm
normally occur from the system multi-user initialization file
.Pa /etc/rc ,
controlled by the
.Dq dumpdev
-variable in the boot time configuration file
+variable in the boot time configuration file
.Pa /etc/rc.conf .
.Pp
-The size of the specified dump device must be at least 64 KB greater the
+The size of the specified dump device must be at least 64 KB greater the
size of physical memory.
.Pp
The
.Fl v
-flag causes
+flag causes
.Nm
to be verbose about its activity.
.Sh NOTES
@@ -79,13 +79,13 @@ and
a device containing a filesystem,
should be used as the dump device.
.Pp
-The
+The
.Nm
program operates by setting the
.Xr sysctl 3
MIB variable
.Dq kern.dumpdev
-to the device number of the designated
+to the device number of the designated
.Ar special_file
or to
.Dv NODEV
diff --git a/sbin/fdisk/fdisk.8 b/sbin/fdisk/fdisk.8
index 0c98b7db6482..b6f1ad8eda54 100644
--- a/sbin/fdisk/fdisk.8
+++ b/sbin/fdisk/fdisk.8
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ An example follows:
parameters to be used for BIOS calculations are:
cylinders=769 heads=15 sectors/track=33 (495 blks/cyl)
-
+
Warning: BIOS sector numbering starts with sector 1
Information from DOS bootblock is:
The data for partition 1 is:
diff --git a/sbin/fdisk_pc98/fdisk.8 b/sbin/fdisk_pc98/fdisk.8
index 56fc6cf001ed..0b80ea082136 100644
--- a/sbin/fdisk_pc98/fdisk.8
+++ b/sbin/fdisk_pc98/fdisk.8
@@ -141,10 +141,10 @@ An example follows:
******* Working on device /dev/rda0 *******
parameters extracted from in-core disklabel are:
cylinders=33075 heads=8 sectors/track=32 (256 blks/cyl)
-
+
parameters to be used for BIOS calculations are:
cylinders=33075 heads=8 sectors/track=32 (256 blks/cyl)
-
+
Media sector size is 512
Warning: BIOS sector numbering starts with sector 1
Information from DOS bootblock is:
diff --git a/sbin/ffsinfo/ffsinfo.8 b/sbin/ffsinfo/ffsinfo.8
index a8c0d46b7602..a2b5f834f519 100644
--- a/sbin/ffsinfo/ffsinfo.8
+++ b/sbin/ffsinfo/ffsinfo.8
@@ -1,10 +1,10 @@
.\" Copyright (c) 2000 Christoph Herrmann, Thomas-Henning von Kamptz
.\" Copyright (c) 1980, 1989, 1993 The Regents of the University of California.
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
.\" Christoph Herrmann and Thomas-Henning von Kamptz, Munich and Frankfurt.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@
.\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
.\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
.\" without specific prior written permission.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@
.Ar special | file
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm Ffsinfo
-extends the
+extends the
.Xr dumpfs 8
program.
.Pp
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ will dump
with all available information.
.Sh BUGS
Currently
-.Nm
+.Nm
can only dump unmounted file systems.
Do not try dumping a mounted file system, your system may panic and you will
not be able to use the file system any longer.
diff --git a/sbin/fsck/fsck.8 b/sbin/fsck/fsck.8
index 8de9f228696e..4244ad211cdc 100644
--- a/sbin/fsck/fsck.8
+++ b/sbin/fsck/fsck.8
@@ -39,14 +39,14 @@
.Op Fl dvplfyn
.Op Fl B | F
.Op Fl l Ar maxparallel
-.Op Fl t Ar fstype
-.Op Fl T Ar fstype : Ns Ar fsoptions
+.Op Fl t Ar fstype
+.Op Fl T Ar fstype : Ns Ar fsoptions
.Op Ar special | node ...
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
command invokes filesystem-specific programs to check
-the special devices listed in the
+the special devices listed in the
.Xr fstab 5
file or in the command line for consistency.
.Pp
@@ -129,7 +129,7 @@ Enter preen mode.
In preen mode, only a restricted class of innocuous
filesystem inconsistencies will be corrected.
If unexpected inconsistencies caused by hardware or
-software failures are encounted, the check program
+software failures are encounted, the check program
will exit with a failure.
See the manual pages for the individual check programs
for a list of the sorts of failures that they correct
@@ -178,7 +178,7 @@ Causes
.Nm
to assume yes
as the answer to all operator questions.
-.It Fl T Ar fstype : Ns Ar fsoptions
+.It Fl T Ar fstype : Ns Ar fsoptions
List of comma separated file system specific options for the specified
file system type, in the same format as
.Xr mount 8 .
diff --git a/sbin/fsck_ffs/fsck_ffs.8 b/sbin/fsck_ffs/fsck_ffs.8
index 6a0aae1955c3..2486b49c3b8a 100644
--- a/sbin/fsck_ffs/fsck_ffs.8
+++ b/sbin/fsck_ffs/fsck_ffs.8
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ Without the
.Fl p
option,
.Nm
-audits and interactively repairs inconsistent conditions for filesystems.
+audits and interactively repairs inconsistent conditions for filesystems.
If the filesystem is inconsistent the operator is prompted for concurrence
before each correction is attempted.
It should be noted that some of the corrective actions which are not
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ or
.Li no .
If the operator does not have write permission on the filesystem
.Nm
-will default to a
+will default to a
.Fl n
action.
.Pp
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ The filesystem is in the old (static table) format.
The filesystem is in the new (dynamic table) format.
.It 2
The filesystem supports 32-bit uid's and gid's,
-short symbolic links are stored in the inode,
+short symbolic links are stored in the inode,
and directories have an added field showing the file type.
.It 3
If maxcontig is greater than one,
@@ -208,7 +208,7 @@ possible without user interaction.
Conversion in preen mode is best used when all the filesystems
are being converted at once.
The format of a filesystem can be determined from the
-first line of output from
+first line of output from
.Xr dumpfs 8 .
.It Fl f
Force
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ In particular, systems that do not wish to have lost files accessible
by all users on the system should use a more restrictive
set of permissions such as 700.
.It Fl n
-Assume a no response to all questions asked by
+Assume a no response to all questions asked by
.Nm
except for
.Ql CONTINUE? ,
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ do not open the filesystem for writing.
.It Fl p
Preen filesystems (see above).
.It Fl y
-Assume a yes response to all questions asked by
+Assume a yes response to all questions asked by
.Nm ;
this should be used with great caution as this is a free license
to continue after essentially unlimited trouble has been encountered.
@@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ Incorrect link counts.
.It
Size checks:
.Bl -item -offset indent -compact
-.It
+.It
Directory size not a multiple of DIRBLKSIZ.
.It
Partially truncated file.
@@ -264,7 +264,7 @@ Blocks not accounted for anywhere.
.It
Directory checks:
.Bl -item -offset indent -compact
-.It
+.It
File pointing to unallocated inode.
.It
Inode number out of range.
@@ -277,7 +277,7 @@ or having the wrong inode number.
.It
Super Block checks:
.Bl -item -offset indent -compact
-.It
+.It
More blocks for inodes than there are in the filesystem.
.It
Bad free block map format.
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@ Total free block and/or free inode count incorrect.
.Pp
Orphaned files and directories (allocated but unreferenced) are,
with the operator's concurrence, reconnected by
-placing them in the
+placing them in the
.Pa lost+found
directory.
The name assigned is the inode number.
@@ -302,7 +302,7 @@ If there is insufficient space its size is increased.
contains default list of filesystems to check.
.El
.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
-The diagnostics produced by
+The diagnostics produced by
.Nm
are fully enumerated and explained in Appendix A of
.Rs
diff --git a/sbin/fsck_ifs/fsck_ifs.8 b/sbin/fsck_ifs/fsck_ifs.8
index 6cee3fc68c8d..23f7f0945cce 100644
--- a/sbin/fsck_ifs/fsck_ifs.8
+++ b/sbin/fsck_ifs/fsck_ifs.8
@@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ Without the
.Fl p
option,
.Nm
-audits and interactively repairs inconsistent conditions for filesystems.
+audits and interactively repairs inconsistent conditions for filesystems.
If the filesystem is inconsistent the operator is prompted for concurrence
before each correction is attempted.
It should be noted that some of the corrective actions which are not
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ or
.Li no .
If the operator does not have write permission on the filesystem
.Nm
-will default to a
+will default to a
.Fl n
action.
.Pp
@@ -179,7 +179,7 @@ The filesystem is in the old (static table) format.
The filesystem is in the new (dynamic table) format.
.It 2
The filesystem supports 32-bit uid's and gid's,
-short symbolic links are stored in the inode,
+short symbolic links are stored in the inode,
and directories have an added field showing the file type.
.It 3
If maxcontig is greater than one,
@@ -199,7 +199,7 @@ possible without user interaction.
Conversion in preen mode is best used when all the filesystems
are being converted at once.
The format of a filesystem can be determined from the
-first line of output from
+first line of output from
.Xr dumpfs 8 .
.It Fl f
Force
@@ -222,7 +222,7 @@ In particular, systems that do not wish to have lost files accessible
by all users on the system should use a more restrictive
set of permissions such as 700.
.It Fl n
-Assume a no response to all questions asked by
+Assume a no response to all questions asked by
.Nm
except for
.Ql CONTINUE? ,
@@ -231,13 +231,13 @@ do not open the filesystem for writing.
.It Fl p
Preen filesystems (see above).
.It Fl y
-Assume a yes response to all questions asked by
+Assume a yes response to all questions asked by
.Nm ;
this should be used with great caution as this is a free license
to continue after essentially unlimited trouble has been encountered.
.El
.Pp
-If no filesystems are given to
+If no filesystems are given to
.Nm
then a default list of filesystems is read from
the file
@@ -255,7 +255,7 @@ Incorrect link counts.
.It
Size checks:
.Bl -item -offset indent -compact
-.It
+.It
Directory size not a multiple of DIRBLKSIZ.
.It
Partially truncated file.
@@ -267,7 +267,7 @@ Blocks not accounted for anywhere.
.It
Directory checks:
.Bl -item -offset indent -compact
-.It
+.It
File pointing to unallocated inode.
.It
Inode number out of range.
@@ -280,7 +280,7 @@ or having the wrong inode number.
.It
Super Block checks:
.Bl -item -offset indent -compact
-.It
+.It
More blocks for inodes than there are in the filesystem.
.It
Bad free block map format.
@@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ Total free block and/or free inode count incorrect.
.Pp
Orphaned files and directories (allocated but unreferenced) are,
with the operator's concurrence, reconnected by
-placing them in the
+placing them in the
.Pa lost+found
directory.
The name assigned is the inode number.
@@ -308,7 +308,7 @@ the raw device should always be used.
contains default list of filesystems to check.
.El
.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
-The diagnostics produced by
+The diagnostics produced by
.Nm
are fully enumerated and explained in Appendix A of
.Rs
diff --git a/sbin/fsdb/fsdb.8 b/sbin/fsdb/fsdb.8
index 1e4ef60082c4..e5fdd7fa35ac 100644
--- a/sbin/fsdb/fsdb.8
+++ b/sbin/fsdb/fsdb.8
@@ -37,12 +37,12 @@
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Op Fl d
-.Op Fl f
+.Op Fl f
.Op Fl r
.Ar fsname
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm Fsdb
-opens
+opens
.Ar fsname
(usually a raw disk partition) and runs a command loop
allowing manipulation of the file system's inode data. You are prompted
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ Open the filesystem read/only, and disables all commands that would
write to it.
.El
.Sh COMMANDS
-Besides the built-in
+Besides the built-in
.Xr editline 3
commands,
.Nm
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ as the new current inode.
Revert to the previously current inode.
.Pp
.It Cm clri Ar i-number
-Clear
+Clear
.Ar i-number .
.Pp
.It Cm lookup Ar name
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ Set the active inode's link count to
.Pp
.It Cm ls
List the current inode's directory entries. This command is valid only
-if the current inode is a directory.
+if the current inode is a directory.
.Pp
.It Cm rm Ar name
.It Cm del Ar name
@@ -190,7 +190,7 @@ Change the generation number of the current inode to
.It Cm ctime Ar time
.It Cm atime Ar time
Change the modification, change, or access time (respectively) on the
-current inode to
+current inode to
.Ar time .
.Ar Time
should be in the format
@@ -201,7 +201,7 @@ is an optional nanosecond specification. If no nanoseconds are specified, the
.Va mtimensec ,
.Va ctimensec ,
or
-.Va atimensec
+.Va atimensec
field will be set to zero.
.Pp
.It Cm quit , q , exit , Em <EOF>
@@ -239,4 +239,4 @@ ported it to
Use this tool with extreme caution--you can damage an FFS file system
beyond what
.Xr fsck 8
-can repair.
+can repair.
diff --git a/sbin/growfs/growfs.8 b/sbin/growfs/growfs.8
index fc527aa3ed75..5651324d57de 100644
--- a/sbin/growfs/growfs.8
+++ b/sbin/growfs/growfs.8
@@ -1,10 +1,10 @@
.\" Copyright (c) 2000 Christoph Herrmann, Thomas-Henning von Kamptz
.\" Copyright (c) 1980, 1989, 1993 The Regents of the University of California.
.\" All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
.\" Christoph Herrmann and Thomas-Henning von Kamptz, Munich and Frankfurt.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@
.\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
.\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
.\" without specific prior written permission.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
@@ -50,19 +50,19 @@
.Ar special
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm
-extends the
+extends the
.Xr newfs 8
program.
-Before running
+Before running
.Nm
-the disk must be labeled to a bigger size using
+the disk must be labeled to a bigger size using
.Xr disklabel 8 .
-If you are using volumes you must grow them using
+If you are using volumes you must grow them using
.Xr vinum 8 .
.Nm
extends the size of the file system on the specified special file.
Currently
-.Nm
+.Nm
can only grow unmounted file systems.
Do not try growing a mounted file system, your system may panic and you will
not be able to use the file system any longer.
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ Most of the options you have used with
.Xr newfs 8
once can not be changed.
In fact you can only increase the size of the file system.
-Use
+Use
.Xr tunefs 8
for other changes.
.Pp
@@ -81,11 +81,11 @@ Cause the new file system parameters to be printed out without actually growing
the file system.
.It Fl y
.Dq Expert mode .
-Normally
-.Nm
+Normally
+.Nm
will ask you, if you took a backup of your data before and will do some tests
-if
-.Ar special
+if
+.Ar special
is currently mounted or if there are any active snapshots on the filesystem
specified.
This will be suppressed.
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ The
.Ar size
of the file system after growing in sectors.
This value defaults to the size of the raw partition specified in
-.Ar special
+.Ar special
(in other words,
.Nm
will grow the file system to the size of the entire partition).
@@ -105,15 +105,15 @@ will grow the file system to the size of the entire partition).
.Pp
will grow
.Pa /dev/vinum/testvol
-up to 2GB if there is enough space in
+up to 2GB if there is enough space in
.Pa /dev/vinum/testvol .
.Sh BUGS
In some cases on
.Fx
3.x it is possible, that
.Nm
-did not recognize exactly, if the file system is mounted or not and
-exits with an error message, then use
+did not recognize exactly, if the file system is mounted or not and
+exits with an error message, then use
.Nm
.Fl y
if you are sure, that the file system is not mounted.
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ every 2 GB of total filesystem size.
.Xr ffsinfo 8 ,
.Xr fsck 8 ,
.Xr newfs 8 ,
-.Xr tunefs 8 ,
+.Xr tunefs 8 ,
.Xr vinum 8
.Sh AUTHORS
.An Christoph Herrmann Aq chm@FreeBSD.org
diff --git a/sbin/i386/cxconfig/cxconfig.8 b/sbin/i386/cxconfig/cxconfig.8
index a6701fef37ce..40ebf79c4989 100644
--- a/sbin/i386/cxconfig/cxconfig.8
+++ b/sbin/i386/cxconfig/cxconfig.8
@@ -10,17 +10,17 @@
.Op Fl a
.Op Ar <channel> Op Ar <option>...
.Sh DESCRIPTION
-The
+The
.Nm
utility is used for configuring the channel options of
the Cronyx-Sigma adapter.
.Pp
To change channel options the channel should be free: the corresponding
-network interface in ``down'' state, the asynchronous terminal device
+network interface in ``down'' state, the asynchronous terminal device
.Pa /dev/tty*
closed.
Generally, the channel options are set up during the operating
-system startup, for example from the
+system startup, for example from the
.Pa /etc/rc
file.
.Pp
@@ -76,15 +76,15 @@ Set the zero channel hardware interface type.
.Bl -tag -width 10n
.It "nrz, nrzi, manchester"
Set the data line signal encoding.
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em NRZ
encoding the zero bit is transmitted by the zero signal
level, the one bit - by the positive signal level.
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em NRZI
encoding the zero bit is transmitted by the change of
the signal level, the one bit - by the constant signal level.
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em Manchester
encoding the zero bit is encoded as 01 value,
the one bit - as 10 value.
@@ -96,9 +96,9 @@ is derived from the received data.
Set the local loopback mode.
.It "+extclock, -extclock"
Set the timing clock source of synchronous channels. There are
-two possible variants:
+two possible variants:
.Em "external clock"
-source or
+source or
.Em "internal clock"
generation.
.Pp
@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ external modem hardware. In this mode the external timing
signal is received on TXCIN pin of the connector, and it is
used as a synchronization clock for transmitting data (TXD).
.Pp
-In the case of
+In the case of
.Em "internal clock"
mode the transmitted data (TXD)
are synchronized using the internal on-board timing generator,
diff --git a/sbin/i386/fdisk/fdisk.8 b/sbin/i386/fdisk/fdisk.8
index 0c98b7db6482..b6f1ad8eda54 100644
--- a/sbin/i386/fdisk/fdisk.8
+++ b/sbin/i386/fdisk/fdisk.8
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ An example follows:
parameters to be used for BIOS calculations are:
cylinders=769 heads=15 sectors/track=33 (495 blks/cyl)
-
+
Warning: BIOS sector numbering starts with sector 1
Information from DOS bootblock is:
The data for partition 1 is:
diff --git a/sbin/i386/nextboot/nextboot.8 b/sbin/i386/nextboot/nextboot.8
index 192eb31c255c..b57c4b064806 100644
--- a/sbin/i386/nextboot/nextboot.8
+++ b/sbin/i386/nextboot/nextboot.8
@@ -20,14 +20,14 @@ program
.Nm
controls the actions of the boot blocks at the time of the next boot.
If compiled with the correct option,
-the boot blocks will check the nameblock for a magic number and a
+the boot blocks will check the nameblock for a magic number and a
default name to use for booting.
-If compiled to do so they will also
+If compiled to do so they will also
delete the name from the block, ensuring that if the boot should fail,
then it will not be tried again.
It is the job of
.Pa /etc/rc
-to use
+to use
.Nm
to re-install the string if that boot is found to have succeeded.
This allows a one-time only boot string to be used for such applications
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ The following options are available:
.It Fl b
Is used for bootstrapping (initially configuring) the nameblock.
Without
-this,
+this,
.Nm
will refuse to write to a block that does not already contain the magic
number.
@@ -59,13 +59,13 @@ and
flags are mutually exclusive.
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm Nextboot
-first checks that the disk has an fdisk table and checks that none of the
+first checks that the disk has an fdisk table and checks that none of the
partitions defined in that table include the nameblock.
-If the name block is
+If the name block is
shown to be unused, it will install the bootstrings given as arguments,
one after the other, each preceded by a small magic number, and NULL
terminated.
-The end of the list of strings is delimited by a sequence of
+The end of the list of strings is delimited by a sequence of
0xff bytes.
If the boot blocks are compiled to write back the nameblock
after each boot, it will zero out the supplied names as it uses them,
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ An example of usage might be:
.Pp
Which would instruct the boot blocks at the next boot,
to try boot the experimental kernel off the SCSI disk.
-If for any reason this failed, the next boot attempt would
+If for any reason this failed, the next boot attempt would
boot the kernel
.Pa /kernel.old
off the IDE drive. (Assuming the write-back option were enabled) If this
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ to change the default boot string.
Note, that should the file specified in
the nameblock be non-existent, then the name compiled into the boot blocks
will be used for the boot rather than the next name in the nameblock.
-The
+The
nameblock is only consulted
.Em once
per boot.
@@ -107,7 +107,7 @@ This program works only in conjunction with the legacy boot code.
The entire program should be made more user-friendly.
The option of whether to write back or not should be stored on the
disk and not a compile time option.
-I want to rethink this at some
+I want to rethink this at some
later stage to make it co-exist with disks that do not have
a fdisk partitioning table (i.e. purely disklabel'd systems).
.Pp
diff --git a/sbin/init/init.8 b/sbin/init/init.8
index d50133c127da..ce4e10a3e6e5 100644
--- a/sbin/init/init.8
+++ b/sbin/init/init.8
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ then
.Nm
will require that the super-user password be
entered before the system will start a single-user shell.
-The password check is skipped if the
+The password check is skipped if the
.Em console
is marked as
.Dq secure .
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ This is the default initial value.
Insecure mode \- immutable and append-only flags may be turned off.
All devices may be read or written subject to their permissions.
.It Ic 1
-Secure mode \- the system immutable and system append-only flags may not
+Secure mode \- the system immutable and system append-only flags may not
be turned off;
disks for mounted filesystems,
.Pa /dev/mem ,
@@ -150,11 +150,11 @@ it can be set before going multi-user, e.g., by the startup script
.Xr rc 8 ,
using
.Xr sysctl 8
-to set the
+to set the
.Dq kern.securelevel
variable to the required security level.
.Pp
-In multi-user operation,
+In multi-user operation,
.Nm
maintains
processes for the terminal ports found in the file
@@ -232,7 +232,7 @@ file and are now on,
executes the command specified in the second field.
If the command or window field for a line is changed,
the change takes effect at the end of the current
-login session (e.g., the next time
+login session (e.g., the next time
.Nm
starts a process on the line).
If a line is commented out or deleted from
@@ -389,10 +389,10 @@ Systems without
.Xr sysctl
behave as though they have security level \-1.
.Pp
-Setting the security level above 1 too early in the boot sequence can
-prevent
-.Xr fsck 8
-from repairing inconsistent filesystems. The
-preferred location to set the security level is at the end of
-.Pa /etc/rc
+Setting the security level above 1 too early in the boot sequence can
+prevent
+.Xr fsck 8
+from repairing inconsistent filesystems. The
+preferred location to set the security level is at the end of
+.Pa /etc/rc
after all multi-user startup actions are complete.
diff --git a/sbin/kget/kget.8 b/sbin/kget/kget.8
index c40cdca7497b..ae79e655b365 100644
--- a/sbin/kget/kget.8
+++ b/sbin/kget/kget.8
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ Usage:
.Nm
.Ar filename
.Pp
-where
+where
.Ar filename
is either a regular file (which is overwritten) or -, indicating that
standard output should be used.
diff --git a/sbin/md5/md5.1 b/sbin/md5/md5.1
index 49f13475d7d8..50bd126ddaf2 100644
--- a/sbin/md5/md5.1
+++ b/sbin/md5/md5.1
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ Quiet mode - only the MD5 sum is printed out. Overrides the
option.
.It Fl r
Reverses the format of the output. This helps with visual diffs. Does nothing
-when combined with the
+when combined with the
.Fl ptx
options.
.It Fl t
diff --git a/sbin/mdconfig/mdconfig.8 b/sbin/mdconfig/mdconfig.8
index 08c0597a5b75..6ed7e8afd41b 100644
--- a/sbin/mdconfig/mdconfig.8
+++ b/sbin/mdconfig/mdconfig.8
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Fl a
-.Fl t Ar type
+.Fl t Ar type
.Oo
.Fl o
.Oo Cm no Oc Ns Ar option
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
-command configures and enables
+command configures and enables
.Xr md 4
devices.
.Pp
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ This will configure and attach a memory disk with the
parameters specified and attach it to the system.
.It Fl d
Detach a memory disk from the system and release all resources.
-.It Fl t Ar type
+.It Fl t Ar type
Select the type of the memory disk.
.Bl -tag -width "preload"
.It Cm malloc
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ Storage for this type of memory disk is allocated with
.Xr malloc 9 .
This limits the size to the malloc bucket limit in the kernel.
.It Cm vnode
-A file specified with
+A file specified with
.Fl f Ar file
becomes the backingstore for this memory disk.
.It Cm swap
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@ first appeared in
.Fx 5.0
as a cleaner replacement for the
.Xr vn 4
-and
+and
.Xr vnconfig 8
combo.
.Sh AUTHORS
diff --git a/sbin/mknod/mknod.8 b/sbin/mknod/mknod.8
index 71b56069fbd4..ade5fc77f493 100644
--- a/sbin/mknod/mknod.8
+++ b/sbin/mknod/mknod.8
@@ -106,7 +106,7 @@ user name.
The
.Ar group
may be either a numeric group ID or a group name.
-Similar to the user name,
+Similar to the user name,
if a group name is also a numeric group ID, the operand is used as a
group name.
.El
diff --git a/sbin/mount_nfs/mount_nfs.8 b/sbin/mount_nfs/mount_nfs.8
index 9e467a3e8037..97600b5ef827 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_nfs/mount_nfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_nfs/mount_nfs.8
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ compatibility with historic versions of
Same as
.Fl b .
.It conn
-Same as not specifying
+Same as not specifying
.Fl c .
.It dumbtimer
Same as
diff --git a/sbin/mount_ntfs/mount_ntfs.8 b/sbin/mount_ntfs/mount_ntfs.8
index ca2d601cb1d1..265e9660554c 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_ntfs/mount_ntfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_ntfs/mount_ntfs.8
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ contains the file system).
The options are as follows:
.Bl -tag -width Ds
.It Fl a
-Force behaviour to return MS-DOS 8.3 names also on
+Force behaviour to return MS-DOS 8.3 names also on
.Fn readdir .
.It Fl i
Make name lookup case insensitive for all names except POSIX names.
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ Default is $DATA.
is an attribute name.
Default is none.
.Sh EXAMPLES
-To mount an ntfs volume located in
+To mount an ntfs volume located in
.Pa /dev/ad1s1 :
.Bd -literal -offset indent
# mount_ntfs /dev/ad1s1 /mnt
diff --git a/sbin/mount_nullfs/mount_nullfs.8 b/sbin/mount_nullfs/mount_nullfs.8
index b0ff132188bd..c94cd0f97fea 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_nullfs/mount_nullfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_nullfs/mount_nullfs.8
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ The
.Nm
filesystem differs from a traditional
loopback file system in two respects: it is implemented using
-a stackable layers techniques, and it's
+a stackable layers techniques, and it's
.Do null-node Dc Ns s
stack above
all lower-layer vnodes, not just over directory vnodes.
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ for constructing new layers.
.\"
.\"
.Sh INSTANTIATING NEW NULL LAYERS
-New null layers are created with
+New null layers are created with
.Nm .
.Nm Mount_nullfs
takes two arguments, the pathname
@@ -126,8 +126,8 @@ on the lower layer. Finally, it replaces the null-nodes
in the arguments and, if a vnode is returned by the operation,
stacks a null-node on top of the returned vnode.
.Pp
-Although bypass handles most operations,
-.Em vop_getattr ,
+Although bypass handles most operations,
+.Em vop_getattr ,
.Em vop_inactive ,
.Em vop_reclaim ,
and
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ are created as a result of vnode operations on
this or other null vnode stacks.
.Pp
New vnode stacks come into existence as a result of
-an operation which returns a vnode.
+an operation which returns a vnode.
The bypass routine stacks a null-node above the new
vnode before returning it to the caller.
.Pp
@@ -164,24 +164,24 @@ For example, imagine mounting a null layer with
.Bd -literal -offset indent
mount_nullfs /usr/include /dev/layer/null
.Ed
-Changing directory to
+Changing directory to
.Pa /dev/layer/null
will assign
the root null-node (which was created when the null layer was mounted).
-Now consider opening
+Now consider opening
.Pa sys .
A vop_lookup would be
done on the root null-node. This operation would bypass through
-to the lower layer which would return a vnode representing
-the UFS
+to the lower layer which would return a vnode representing
+the UFS
.Pa sys .
Null_bypass then builds a null-node
-aliasing the UFS
+aliasing the UFS
.Pa sys
and returns this to the caller.
-Later operations on the null-node
+Later operations on the null-node
.Pa sys
-will repeat this
+will repeat this
process when constructing other vnode stacks.
.\"
.\"
@@ -193,12 +193,12 @@ then begin modifying the copy.
can be used to easily rename
all variables.
.Pp
-The umap layer is an example of a layer descended from the
+The umap layer is an example of a layer descended from the
null layer.
.\"
.\"
.Sh INVOKING OPERATIONS ON LOWER LAYERS
-There are two techniques to invoke operations on a lower layer
+There are two techniques to invoke operations on a lower layer
when the operation cannot be completely bypassed. Each method
is appropriate in different situations. In both cases,
it is the responsibility of the aliasing layer to make
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ This method is most suitable when you wish to invoke the operation
currently being handled on the lower layer.
It has the advantage that
the bypass routine already must do argument mapping.
-An example of this is
+An example of this is
.Em null_getattrs
in the null layer.
.Pp
@@ -229,7 +229,7 @@ is that vnode arguments must be manually mapped.
UCLA Technical Report CSD-910056,
.Em "Stackable Layers: an Architecture for File System Development" .
.Sh BUGS
-THIS FILESYSTEM TYPE IS NOT YET FULLY SUPPORTED (READ: IT DOESN'T WORK)
+THIS FILESYSTEM TYPE IS NOT YET FULLY SUPPORTED (READ: IT DOESN'T WORK)
AND USING IT MAY, IN FACT, DESTROY DATA ON YOUR SYSTEM. USE AT YOUR
OWN RISK. BEWARE OF DOG. SLIPPERY WHEN WET.
.Pp
diff --git a/sbin/mount_nwfs/mount_nwfs.8 b/sbin/mount_nwfs/mount_nwfs.8
index 5d31ce18a5ad..fa1855b7eab9 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_nwfs/mount_nwfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_nwfs/mount_nwfs.8
@@ -41,14 +41,14 @@ possible to create connection without any mounts (but use it for them) with
.Pp
Note two forms of command line.
In the first form, server and user specified
-via
+via
.Fl S
and
.Fl U
options respectively.
In the second form server and user specified in
.Ar special
-part of
+part of
.Xr mount 8
command line arguments (the
.Fl S ,
@@ -84,22 +84,22 @@ before
Path to mount volume.
.It Fl c Ar case
Select a
-.Ar case
+.Ar case
option which affects on name representation.
-.Ar Case
+.Ar Case
can be one of the following:
.Bl -tag -width "ValueXX"
.It Em Value
.Em Meaning
.It l
-All existing file names converted to lower case.
+All existing file names converted to lower case.
Newly created file gets a lower case under OS2 name space.
This is the default when mounting volumes with DOS name space.
.It L
Same as 'l' but file system tries to be case insensitive.
May not work well.
.It n
-No case conversion is performed.
+No case conversion is performed.
.Em Warning !
Use this option with DOS name space only as a last resort,
because creating a lower case name in the DOS name space
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ is taken from mount point, default value for the dir mode adds execute
permission where the file mode gives read permission.
.Pp
Note that these permissions can differ from the rights granted by NetWare
-server.
+server.
.It Fl n Ar namespace
Don't use
.Ar namespace .
@@ -141,21 +141,21 @@ tries to use an environment variable
.Ev LC_* .
.It Fl w Ar scheme
Select a
-.Ar scheme
+.Ar scheme
used to convert file names between NetWare and
.Fx .
-Currently only
-.Ar koi2cp866
-and
-.Ar asis
+Currently only
+.Ar koi2cp866
+and
+.Ar asis
can be here.
-Please note, that scheme should be enabled at compile
+Please note, that scheme should be enabled at compile
time in
.Pa config.mk
file.
.It Fl M Ar mode
-See
-.Xr ncplogin 1
+See
+.Xr ncplogin 1
for details.
If this option is omitted, connection permissions
assumed the same as directory mode
diff --git a/sbin/mount_std/mount_std.8 b/sbin/mount_std/mount_std.8
index 34c793ae3821..28fed28aec84 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_std/mount_std.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_std/mount_std.8
@@ -58,12 +58,12 @@ The
.Nm
command is a generic mechanism for attaching ``standard'' filesystems to
the filesystem. The
-.Nm
-command currently supports the following filesystems:
-.Nm devfs ,
+.Nm
+command currently supports the following filesystems:
+.Nm devfs ,
.Nm fdescfs ,
-.Nm linprocfs
-and
+.Nm linprocfs
+and
.Nm procfs .
A ``standard'' filesystem is one which:
.Bl -enum -offset indent
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@ Refer to the following manual pages for detailed information
on these file system:
.Xr devfs 5 ,
.Xr fdescfs 5 ,
-.Xr linprocfs 5
+.Xr linprocfs 5
and
.Xr procfs 5 .
.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
diff --git a/sbin/mount_umapfs/mount_umapfs.8 b/sbin/mount_umapfs/mount_umapfs.8
index c40f0a0993e6..5524c2e634d3 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_umapfs/mount_umapfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_umapfs/mount_umapfs.8
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ uid 2000 in the local environment. The
.Nm
command allows the subtree from smith's original environment to be
mapped in such a way that all files with owning uid 1000 look like
-they are actually owned by uid 2000.
+they are actually owned by uid 2000.
.Pp
The options are as follows:
.Bl -tag -width indent
@@ -79,37 +79,37 @@ flag followed by a comma separated string of options.
See the
.Xr mount 8
man page for possible options and their meanings.
-.It Ar target
+.It Ar target
Should be the current location of the sub-tree in the
-local system's name space.
-.It Ar mount-point
+local system's name space.
+.It Ar mount-point
Should be a directory
-where the mapped subtree is to be placed.
-.It Fl u Ar uid-mapfile
-.It Fl g Ar gid-mapfile
+where the mapped subtree is to be placed.
+.It Fl u Ar uid-mapfile
+.It Fl g Ar gid-mapfile
Describe the mappings to be made between identifiers.
Briefly, the format of these files is a count of the number of
mappings on the first line, with each subsequent line containing
a single mapping. Each of these mappings consists of an id in
the local environment and the corresponding id from the original environment,
-separated by white space.
-.Ar Uid-mapfile
+separated by white space.
+.Ar Uid-mapfile
should contain all uid
-mappings, and
-.Ar gid-mapfile
+mappings, and
+.Ar gid-mapfile
should contain all gid mappings.
-Any uids not mapped in
-.Ar uid-mapfile
+Any uids not mapped in
+.Ar uid-mapfile
will be treated as user NOBODY,
-and any gids not mapped in
-.Ar gid-mapfile
+and any gids not mapped in
+.Ar gid-mapfile
will be treated as group
NULLGROUP. At most 64 uids can be mapped for a given subtree, and
at most 16 groups can be mapped by a given subtree.
.El
.Pp
The mapfiles can be located anywhere in the file hierarchy, but they
-must be owned by root, and they must be writable only by root.
+must be owned by root, and they must be writable only by root.
.Nm Mount_umapfs
will refuse to map the sub-tree if the ownership or permissions on
these files are improper. It will also balk if the count of mappings
@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ sophisticated.
.Xr mount 8 ,
.Xr mount_nullfs 8
.Sh BUGS
-THIS FILESYSTEM TYPE IS NOT YET FULLY SUPPORTED (READ: IT DOESN'T WORK)
+THIS FILESYSTEM TYPE IS NOT YET FULLY SUPPORTED (READ: IT DOESN'T WORK)
AND USING IT MAY, IN FACT, DESTROY DATA ON YOUR SYSTEM. USE AT YOUR
OWN RISK. BEWARE OF DOG. SLIPPERY WHEN WET.
.Pp
diff --git a/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8 b/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8
index b9c7b193d925..2bd06ad1859a 100644
--- a/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8
+++ b/sbin/mount_unionfs/mount_unionfs.8
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
.\" Copyright (c) 1994
.\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
-.\"
+.\"
.\" This code is derived from software donated to Berkeley by
.\" Jan-Simon Pendry.
.\"
diff --git a/sbin/mountd/netgroup.5 b/sbin/mountd/netgroup.5
index 919f1fe3b22d..ba58b2c73da1 100644
--- a/sbin/mountd/netgroup.5
+++ b/sbin/mountd/netgroup.5
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ similar platforms.)
.It
If the
.Pa /etc/netgroup
-exists and contains only local
+exists and contains only local
.Nm
information (with no
.Tn NIS
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ The interpretation of access restrictions based on the member tuples of a
netgroup is left up to the various network applications.
Also, it is not obvious how the domain specification
applies to the
-.Bx
+.Bx
environment.
.Pp
The
diff --git a/sbin/newfs/newfs.8 b/sbin/newfs/newfs.8
index b17a74a3eac2..687d22e686cc 100644
--- a/sbin/newfs/newfs.8
+++ b/sbin/newfs/newfs.8
@@ -68,9 +68,9 @@
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm Newfs
is used to initialize and clear filesystems before first use.
-Before running
+Before running
.Nm
-the disk must be labeled using
+the disk must be labeled using
.Xr disklabel 8 .
.Nm Newfs
builds a file system on the specified special file.
@@ -157,8 +157,8 @@ specifies the average file size on the file system.
.It Fl m Ar free space \&%
The percentage of space reserved from normal users; the minimum free
space threshold.
-The default value used is
-defined by
+The default value used is
+defined by
.Dv MINFREE
from
.Aq Pa ufs/ffs/fs.h ,
@@ -191,7 +191,7 @@ for more details on how to set this option.
.It Fl s Ar size
The size of the file system in sectors. This value defaults to the size of the
raw partition specified in
-.Ar special
+.Ar special
(in other words,
.Nm
will use the entire partition for the file system).
@@ -203,7 +203,7 @@ This option is useful for synthetic disks such as
.Nm vinum .
.El
.Pp
-The following options override the standard sizes for the disk geometry.
+The following options override the standard sizes for the disk geometry.
Their default values are taken from the disk label.
Changing these defaults is useful only when using
.Nm
@@ -211,7 +211,7 @@ to build a file system whose raw image will eventually be used on a
different type of disk than the one on which it is initially created
(for example on a write-once disk).
Note that changing any of these values from their defaults will make
-it impossible for
+it impossible for
.Xr fsck 8
to find the alternate superblocks if the standard superblock is lost.
.Bl -tag -width indent
diff --git a/sbin/nextboot/nextboot.8 b/sbin/nextboot/nextboot.8
index 192eb31c255c..b57c4b064806 100644
--- a/sbin/nextboot/nextboot.8
+++ b/sbin/nextboot/nextboot.8
@@ -20,14 +20,14 @@ program
.Nm
controls the actions of the boot blocks at the time of the next boot.
If compiled with the correct option,
-the boot blocks will check the nameblock for a magic number and a
+the boot blocks will check the nameblock for a magic number and a
default name to use for booting.
-If compiled to do so they will also
+If compiled to do so they will also
delete the name from the block, ensuring that if the boot should fail,
then it will not be tried again.
It is the job of
.Pa /etc/rc
-to use
+to use
.Nm
to re-install the string if that boot is found to have succeeded.
This allows a one-time only boot string to be used for such applications
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ The following options are available:
.It Fl b
Is used for bootstrapping (initially configuring) the nameblock.
Without
-this,
+this,
.Nm
will refuse to write to a block that does not already contain the magic
number.
@@ -59,13 +59,13 @@ and
flags are mutually exclusive.
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm Nextboot
-first checks that the disk has an fdisk table and checks that none of the
+first checks that the disk has an fdisk table and checks that none of the
partitions defined in that table include the nameblock.
-If the name block is
+If the name block is
shown to be unused, it will install the bootstrings given as arguments,
one after the other, each preceded by a small magic number, and NULL
terminated.
-The end of the list of strings is delimited by a sequence of
+The end of the list of strings is delimited by a sequence of
0xff bytes.
If the boot blocks are compiled to write back the nameblock
after each boot, it will zero out the supplied names as it uses them,
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ An example of usage might be:
.Pp
Which would instruct the boot blocks at the next boot,
to try boot the experimental kernel off the SCSI disk.
-If for any reason this failed, the next boot attempt would
+If for any reason this failed, the next boot attempt would
boot the kernel
.Pa /kernel.old
off the IDE drive. (Assuming the write-back option were enabled) If this
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ to change the default boot string.
Note, that should the file specified in
the nameblock be non-existent, then the name compiled into the boot blocks
will be used for the boot rather than the next name in the nameblock.
-The
+The
nameblock is only consulted
.Em once
per boot.
@@ -107,7 +107,7 @@ This program works only in conjunction with the legacy boot code.
The entire program should be made more user-friendly.
The option of whether to write back or not should be stored on the
disk and not a compile time option.
-I want to rethink this at some
+I want to rethink this at some
later stage to make it co-exist with disks that do not have
a fdisk partitioning table (i.e. purely disklabel'd systems).
.Pp
diff --git a/sbin/nfsd/nfsd.8 b/sbin/nfsd/nfsd.8
index 544756a891dc..c62b7d8fbdf0 100644
--- a/sbin/nfsd/nfsd.8
+++ b/sbin/nfsd/nfsd.8
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ Serve
clients.
.El
.Pp
-For example,
+For example,
.Dq Li "nfsd -u -t -n 6"
serves
.Tn UDP
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ RFC1094 and
.Pp
If
.Nm
-detects that
+detects that
.Tn NFS
is not loaded in the running kernel, it will attempt
to load a loadable kernel module containing
diff --git a/sbin/nologin/nologin.5 b/sbin/nologin/nologin.5
index d2932773da2c..9d63c889e115 100644
--- a/sbin/nologin/nologin.5
+++ b/sbin/nologin/nologin.5
@@ -39,11 +39,11 @@
.Nm nologin
.Nd disallow logins
.Sh DESCRIPTION
-Programs such as
+Programs such as
.Xr login 1
-disallow logins if the file
+disallow logins if the file
.Pa /var/run/nologin
-exists.
+exists.
Programs display the contents of
.Pa /var/run/nologin
to the user and exit.
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ To disable logins on a per-account basis,
investigate
.Xr nologin 8 .
.Sh SECURITY
-Ignored by
+Ignored by
.Xr login 1
for user root.
.Sh FILES
diff --git a/sbin/nologin/nologin.8 b/sbin/nologin/nologin.8
index 9a384f1f2a54..8903fa0e3a70 100644
--- a/sbin/nologin/nologin.8
+++ b/sbin/nologin/nologin.8
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm nologin
-.Nd politely refuse a login
+.Nd politely refuse a login
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Sh DESCRIPTION
diff --git a/sbin/nos-tun/nos-tun.8 b/sbin/nos-tun/nos-tun.8
index c0f15ecd7819..e9509d92e95a 100644
--- a/sbin/nos-tun/nos-tun.8
+++ b/sbin/nos-tun/nos-tun.8
@@ -1,13 +1,13 @@
-.\"
+.\"
.\" ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
.\" "THE BEER-WARE LICENSE" (Revision 42):
.\" <phk@FreeBSD.org> wrote this file. As long as you retain this notice you
.\" can do whatever you want with this stuff. If we meet some day, and you think
.\" this stuff is worth it, you can buy me a beer in return. Poul-Henning Kamp
.\" ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-.\"
+.\"
.\" $FreeBSD$
-.\"
+.\"
.Dd April 11, 1998
.Dt NOS-TUN 8
.Os
diff --git a/sbin/pc98/fdisk/fdisk.8 b/sbin/pc98/fdisk/fdisk.8
index 56fc6cf001ed..0b80ea082136 100644
--- a/sbin/pc98/fdisk/fdisk.8
+++ b/sbin/pc98/fdisk/fdisk.8
@@ -141,10 +141,10 @@ An example follows:
******* Working on device /dev/rda0 *******
parameters extracted from in-core disklabel are:
cylinders=33075 heads=8 sectors/track=32 (256 blks/cyl)
-
+
parameters to be used for BIOS calculations are:
cylinders=33075 heads=8 sectors/track=32 (256 blks/cyl)
-
+
Media sector size is 512
Warning: BIOS sector numbering starts with sector 1
Information from DOS bootblock is:
diff --git a/sbin/ping/ping.8 b/sbin/ping/ping.8
index 8173ae406ff5..c95f23176aba 100644
--- a/sbin/ping/ping.8
+++ b/sbin/ping/ping.8
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ Outputs packets as fast as they come back or one hundred times per second,
whichever is more.
For every
.Tn ECHO_REQUEST
-sent a period
+sent a period
.Dq .\&
is printed, while for every
.Tn ECHO_REPLY
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ flag was required to display such errors, but
displays all ICMP error messages. On a busy machine, this output can
be overbearing. Without the
.Fl Q
-flag,
+flag,
.Nm
prints out any ICMP error messages caused by its own ECHO_REQUEST
messages.
@@ -213,13 +213,13 @@ Bypass the normal routing tables and send directly to a host on an attached
network.
If the host is not on a directly-attached network, an error is returned.
This option can be used to ping a local host through an interface
-that has no route through it
+that has no route through it
.Po
e.g., after the interface was dropped by
.Xr routed 8
.Pc .
.It Fl s Ar packetsize
-Specify the number of data bytes to be sent.
+Specify the number of data bytes to be sent.
The default is 56, which translates into 64
.Tn ICMP
data bytes when combined
@@ -252,7 +252,7 @@ When using
.Nm
for fault isolation, it should first be run on the local host, to verify
that the local network interface is up and running.
-Then, hosts and gateways further and further away should be
+Then, hosts and gateways further and further away should be
.Dq pinged .
Round-trip times and packet loss statistics are computed.
If duplicate packets are received, they are not included in the packet
@@ -374,7 +374,7 @@ the
field of
.Tn ICMP ECHO_REQUEST
packets to 255.
-This is why you will find you can
+This is why you will find you can
.Dq ping
some hosts, but not reach them with
.Xr telnet 1
@@ -400,7 +400,7 @@ In this case the
value in the received packet will be 255 minus the
number of routers in the round-trip path.
.It
-Set it to 255; this is what current
+Set it to 255; this is what current
.Bx
systems do.
In this case the
diff --git a/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8 b/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8
index 0881c88984e4..fef9e0247c4b 100644
--- a/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8
+++ b/sbin/quotacheck/quotacheck.8
@@ -114,10 +114,10 @@ and
which are located at the root of the associated file system.
These defaults may be overridden in
.Pa /etc/fstab .
-If a file is not present,
+If a file is not present,
.Nm
will create it.
-These files should be edited with the
+These files should be edited with the
.Xr edquota 8
utility.
.Pp
@@ -125,16 +125,16 @@ utility.
is normally run at boot time from the
.Pa /etc/rc
file.
-The rc startup procedure is controlled by the
+The rc startup procedure is controlled by the
.Pa /etc/rc.conf
-variable
+variable
.Ar check_quotas .
-Note that to enable this functionality in
+Note that to enable this functionality in
.Pa /etc/rc
you also need to enable startup quota procedures
with the variable
-.Ar enable_quotas
-in
+.Ar enable_quotas
+in
.Pa /etc/rc.conf .
.Pp
.Nm Quotacheck
diff --git a/sbin/reboot/boot_i386.8 b/sbin/reboot/boot_i386.8
index fca3f3685d03..c9cd26bbc293 100644
--- a/sbin/reboot/boot_i386.8
+++ b/sbin/reboot/boot_i386.8
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ the listing will be of the relevant subdirectory.)
Specify boot file and flags.
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Ar bios_drive
-The drive number as recognized by the BIOS.
+The drive number as recognized by the BIOS.
0 for the first drive, 1 for the second drive, etc.
.It Ar interface
The type of controller to boot from. Note that the controller is required
@@ -179,14 +179,14 @@ commands present in the script.
.It Fl D
toggle single and dual console configurations. In the single
configuration the console will be either the internal display
-or the serial port, depending on the state of the
+or the serial port, depending on the state of the
.Fl h
-option below. In the dual console configuration,
-both the internal display and the serial port will become the console
-at the same time, regardless of the state of the
+option below. In the dual console configuration,
+both the internal display and the serial port will become the console
+at the same time, regardless of the state of the
.Fl h
option. However, the dual console configuration takes effect only during
-the boot prompt. Once the kernel is loaded, the console specified
+the boot prompt. Once the kernel is loaded, the console specified
by the
.Fl h
option becomes the only console.
@@ -197,14 +197,14 @@ as early as possible in kernel initialization.
.It Fl g
use the GDB remote debugging protocol.
.It Fl h
-toggle internal and serial consoles. You can use this to switch
-console devices. For instance, if you boot from the internal console,
+toggle internal and serial consoles. You can use this to switch
+console devices. For instance, if you boot from the internal console,
you can use the
.Fl h
-option to force the kernel to use the serial port as its
-console device. Alternatively, if you boot from the serial port,
-you can use this option to force the kernel to use the internal display
-as the console instead.
+option to force the kernel to use the serial port as its
+console device. Alternatively, if you boot from the serial port,
+you can use this option to force the kernel to use the internal display
+as the console instead.
The serial port driver
.Xr sio 4
has a flag to override this option.
@@ -212,7 +212,7 @@ If that flag is set, the serial port will always be used as the console,
regardless of the
.Fl h
option described here. See the man page for
-.Xr sio 4
+.Xr sio 4
for more details.
.It Fl P
probe the keyboard. If no keyboard is found, the
diff --git a/sbin/reboot/reboot.8 b/sbin/reboot/reboot.8
index 0252fa609f2b..a16eef1b212c 100644
--- a/sbin/reboot/reboot.8
+++ b/sbin/reboot/reboot.8
@@ -76,11 +76,11 @@ device has previously been specified with
The halt or reboot is
.Em not
logged to the system log.
-This option is intended for applications such as
+This option is intended for applications such as
.Xr shutdown 8 ,
that call
.Nm
-or
+or
.Nm halt
and log this themselves.
.It Fl n
@@ -95,9 +95,9 @@ This option should probably not be used.
.It Fl p
The system will turn off the power
if it can.
-This is of course likely to make
+This is of course likely to make
.Nm
-rather similar to
+rather similar to
.Nm halt .
.El
.Pp
diff --git a/sbin/restore/restore.8 b/sbin/restore/restore.8
index f07a5ef941f3..d2214b59a1b9 100644
--- a/sbin/restore/restore.8
+++ b/sbin/restore/restore.8
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@ added to the extraction list
.Fl h
flag is specified on the command line).
Files that are on the extraction list are prepended with a ``*''
-when they are listed by
+when they are listed by
.Ic ls .
.It Ic \&cd Ar arg
Change the current working directory to the specified argument.
@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ deleted from the extraction list
(unless the
.Fl h
flag is specified on the command line).
-The most expedient way to extract most of the files from a directory
+The most expedient way to extract most of the files from a directory
is to add the directory to the extraction list and then delete
those files that are not needed.
.It Ic extract
@@ -163,10 +163,10 @@ have their owner, modes, and times set;
nothing is extracted from the dump.
This is useful for cleaning up after a restore has been prematurely aborted.
.It Ic verbose
-The sense of the
+The sense of the
.Fl v
flag is toggled.
-When set, the verbose flag causes the
+When set, the verbose flag causes the
.Ic ls
command to list the inode numbers of all entries.
It also causes
@@ -211,9 +211,9 @@ cd /mnt
restore rf /dev/sa0
.Ed
.Pp
-Note that
+Note that
.Nm
-leaves a file
+leaves a file
.Pa restoresymtable
in the root directory to pass information between incremental
restore passes.
@@ -244,7 +244,7 @@ flag replaces the function of the old
program.
.It Fl x
The named files are read from the given media.
-If a named file matches a directory whose contents
+If a named file matches a directory whose contents
are on the backup
and the
.Fl h
@@ -307,7 +307,7 @@ Use Kerberos authentication when contacting the remote tape server.
was compiled.)
.Pp
.It Fl h
-Extract the actual directory,
+Extract the actual directory,
rather than the files that it references.
This prevents hierarchical restoration of complete subtrees
from the dump.
@@ -317,9 +317,9 @@ This is useful if only a few files are being extracted,
and one wants to avoid regenerating the complete pathname
to the file.
.It Fl N
-Do the extraction normally, but do not actually write any changes
+Do the extraction normally, but do not actually write any changes
to disk.
-This can be used to check the integrity of dump media
+This can be used to check the integrity of dump media
or other test purposes.
.It Fl s Ar fileno
Read from the specified
@@ -348,7 +348,7 @@ Always try to skip over the bad block(s) and continue.
.El
.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
Complaints if it gets a read error.
-If
+If
.Fl y
has been specified, or the user responds
.Ql y ,
@@ -395,7 +395,7 @@ or that has too low an incremental level has been loaded.
.Pp
.It Incremental dump too high
When doing incremental restore,
-a dump that does not begin its coverage where the previous incremental
+a dump that does not begin its coverage where the previous incremental
dump left off,
or that has too high an incremental level has been loaded.
.Pp
@@ -410,7 +410,7 @@ then no extracted files have been corrupted,
though files may not be found on the tape.
.Pp
.It resync restore, skipped <num> blocks
-After a dump read error,
+After a dump read error,
.Nm
may have to resynchronize itself.
This message lists the number of blocks that were skipped over.
diff --git a/sbin/route/route.8 b/sbin/route/route.8
index f9d005cabb00..b5332e727dec 100644
--- a/sbin/route/route.8
+++ b/sbin/route/route.8
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ The
utility supports a limited number of general options,
but a rich command language, enabling the user to specify
any arbitrary request that could be delivered via the
-programmatic interface discussed in
+programmatic interface discussed in
.Xr route 4 .
.Pp
The following options are available:
@@ -113,9 +113,9 @@ The flush command has the syntax:
.Op Ar family
.Ed
.Pp
-If the
+If the
.Cm flush
-command is specified,
+command is specified,
.Nm
will ``flush'' the routing tables of all gateway entries.
When the address family may is specified by any of the
@@ -153,7 +153,7 @@ The optional modifiers
and
.Fl host
force the destination to be interpreted as a network or a host, respectively.
-Otherwise, if the
+Otherwise, if the
.Ar destination
has a
.Dq local address part
@@ -199,21 +199,21 @@ which is the default route.
.Pp
If the destination is directly reachable
via an interface requiring
-no intermediary system to act as a gateway, the
+no intermediary system to act as a gateway, the
.Fl interface
modifier should be specified;
the gateway given is the address of this host on the common network,
indicating the interface to be used for transmission.
Alternately, if the interface is point to point the name of the interface
itself may be given, in which case the route remains valid even
-if the local or remote addresses change.
+if the local or remote addresses change.
.Pp
The optional modifiers
.Fl xns ,
.Fl osi ,
.Fl atalk ,
and
-.Fl link
+.Fl link
specify that all subsequent addresses are in the
.Tn XNS ,
.Tn OSI ,
@@ -253,8 +253,8 @@ specifies network mask of
.Li ffff:ffff:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000
to be used.
The default value of prefixlen is 64 to get along with
-the aggregatable address.
-But 0 is assumed if
+the aggregatable address.
+But 0 is assumed if
.Cm default
is specified.
Note that the qualifier works only for
@@ -294,7 +294,7 @@ These may be individually locked by preceding each such modifier to
be locked by
the
.Fl lock
-meta-modifier, or one can
+meta-modifier, or one can
specify that all ensuing metrics may be locked by the
.Fl lockrest
meta-modifier.
@@ -325,7 +325,7 @@ entry, as reported by
.Pp
All symbolic names specified for a
.Ar destination
-or
+or
.Ar gateway
are looked up first as a host name using
.Xr gethostbyname 3 .
@@ -345,17 +345,17 @@ the routing tables.
.It "add [host \&| network ] %s: gateway %s flags %x"
The specified route is being added to the tables. The
values printed are from the routing table entry supplied
-in the
+in the
.Xr ioctl 2
call.
If the gateway address used was not the primary address of the gateway
(the first one returned by
.Xr gethostbyname 3 ) ,
the gateway address is printed numerically as well as symbolically.
-.It "delete [ host \&| network ] %s: gateway %s flags %x"
+.It "delete [ host \&| network ] %s: gateway %s flags %x"
As above, but when deleting an entry.
.It "%s %s done"
-When the
+When the
.Cm flush
command is specified, each routing table entry deleted
is indicated with a message of this form.
diff --git a/sbin/slattach/slattach.8 b/sbin/slattach/slattach.8
index ddc571b4dbb3..83eb98100111 100644
--- a/sbin/slattach/slattach.8
+++ b/sbin/slattach/slattach.8
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@
.Op Fl K Ar keepalive
.Op Fl O Ar outfill
.Op Fl S Ar unit
-.Ar ttyname
+.Ar ttyname
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm Slattach
is used to assign a tty line to a network interface,
@@ -164,7 +164,7 @@ By default sliplogin dynamically assigns the unit number.
.It Ar ttyname
Specify the name of the tty device.
.Ar Ttyname
-should be a string of the form
+should be a string of the form
.Ql ttyXX
or
.Ql /dev/ttyXX .
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ the server and log in, etc.
To reconfigure the network interface in case the slip unit number
changes, use the
.Fl u Ar unit-command
-option to specify a script or executable that will be invoked as
+option to specify a script or executable that will be invoked as
.Ql sh \-c Ar unit-command old new
where
.Ar old