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.\" Copyright (c) 2008 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND
.\" CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
.\" INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
.\" MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
.\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
.\" DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE
.\" GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
.\" INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER
.\" IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
.\" OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN
.\" IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
.Dd June 21, 2020
.Dt ATF-CHECK 1
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm atf-check
.Nd executes a command and analyzes its results
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Op Fl s Ar qual:value
.Op Fl o Ar action:arg ...
.Op Fl e Ar action:arg ...
.Op Fl x
.Ar command
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm
executes a given command and analyzes its results, including
exit code, stdout and stderr.
.Pp
.Bf Em
Test cases must use
.Xr atf-sh 3 Ns ' Ns s
.Nm atf_check
builtin function instead of calling this utility directly.
.Ef
.Pp
In the first synopsis form,
.Nm
will execute the provided command and apply checks specified
by arguments.
By default it will act as if it was run with
.Fl s
.Ar exit:0
.Fl o
.Ar empty
.Fl e
.Ar empty .
Multiple checks for the same output channel are allowed and, if specified,
their results will be combined as a logical and (meaning that the output must
match all the provided checks).
.Pp
In the second synopsis form,
.Nm
will print information about all supported options and their purpose.
.Pp
The following options are available:
.Bl -tag  -width XqualXvalueXX
.It Fl s Ar qual:value
Analyzes termination status.
Must be one of:
.Bl -tag -width signal:<value> -compact
.It Ar exit:<value>
checks that the program exited cleanly and that its exit status is equal to
.Va value .
The exit code can be omitted altogether, in which case any clean exit is
accepted.
.It Ar ignore
ignores the exit check.
.It Ar signal:<value>
checks that the program exited due to a signal and that the signal that
terminated it is
.Va value .
The signal can be specified both as a number or as a name, or it can also
be omitted altogether, in which case any signal is accepted.
.El
.Pp
Most of these checkers can be prefixed by the
.Sq not-
string, which effectively reverses the check.
.It Fl o Ar action:arg
Analyzes standard output.
Must be one of:
.Bl -tag -width inline:<value> -compact
.It Ar empty
checks that stdout is empty
.It Ar ignore
ignores stdout
.It Ar file:<path>
compares stdout with given file
.It Ar inline:<value>
compares stdout with inline value
.It Ar match:<regexp>
looks for a regular expression in stdout
.It Ar save:<path>
saves stdout to given file
.El
.Pp
Most of these checkers can be prefixed by the
.Sq not-
string, which effectively reverses the check.
.It Fl e Ar action:arg
Analyzes standard error (syntax identical to above)
.It Fl x
Executes
.Ar command
as a shell command line, executing it with the system shell defined by
.Va ATF_SHELL .
You should avoid using this flag if at all possible to prevent shell quoting
issues.
.It Fl r Ar timeout[:interval]
Repeats failed checks until the
.Ar timeout
(in seconds) expires.
If unspecified, the default
.Ar interval
(in milliseconds) is 50 ms.
This can be used to wait for an expected update to the contents of a file.
.El
.Sh ENVIRONMENT
.Bl -tag -width ATFXSHELLXX -compact
.It Va ATF_SHELL
Path to the system shell to be used when the
.Fl x
is given to run commands.
.El
.Sh EXIT STATUS
.Nm
exits 0 on success, and other (unspecified) value on failure.
.Sh EXAMPLES
The following are sample invocations from within a test case.
Note that we use the
.Nm atf_check
function provided by
.Xr atf-sh 3
instead of executing
.Nm
directly:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
# Exit code 0, nothing on stdout/stderr
atf_check 'true'

# Typical usage if failure is expected
atf_check -s not-exit:0 'false'

# Checking stdout/stderr
echo foobar >expout
atf_check -o file:expout -e inline:"xx\etyy\en" \e
    'echo foobar ; printf "xx\etyy\en" >&2'

# Checking for a crash
atf_check -s signal:sigsegv my_program

# Combined checks
atf_check -o match:foo -o not-match:bar echo foo baz

# Wait 5 seconds for a line to show up in a file
( sleep 2 ; echo "testing 123" > $test_path ) &
atf-check -o ignore -e ignore -s exit:0 -r 5 \e
    grep "testing 123" $test_path
.Ed
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr atf-sh 1