.\" Copyright (c) 1998 Free Software Foundation, Inc. *
.\" Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a *
.\" copy of this software and associated documentation files (the *
.\" "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including *
.\" without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, *
.\" distribute, distribute with modifications, sublicense, and/or sell *
.\" copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is *
.\" furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: *
.\" The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included *
.\" in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. *
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS *
.\" OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF *
.\" MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. *
.\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE ABOVE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, *
.\" DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR *
.\" OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR *
.\" THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. *
.\" Except as contained in this notice, the name(s) of the above copyright *
.\" holders shall not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the *
.\" sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written *
.\" authorization. *
.'" $Id: curs_mouse.3x,v 1.12 1999/01/09 22:53:22 tom Exp $
.TH curs_mouse 3X ""
\fBwmouse_trafo\fR, \fBmouseinterval\fR - mouse interface through curses
\fBtypedef unsigned long mmask_t;
short id; \fI/* ID to distinguish multiple devices */\fB
int x, y, z; \fI/* event coordinates */\fB
mmask_t bstate; \fI/* button state bits */\fB
\fBint getmouse(MEVENT *event);\fR
\fBint ungetmouse(MEVENT *event);\fR
\fBmmask_t mousemask(mmask_t newmask, mmask_t *oldmask);\fR
\fBbool wenclose(WINDOW *win, int y, int x);\fR
\fBbool wmouse_trafo(const WINDOW* win, int* pY, int* pX, bool to_screen);\fR
\fBint mouseinterval(int erval);\fR
These functions provide an interface to mouse events from
\fBncurses\fR(3X). Mouse events are represented by \fBKEY_MOUSE\fR
pseudo-key values in the \fBwgetch\fR input stream.
To make mouse events visible, use the \fBmousemask\fR function. This will set
the mouse events to be reported. By default, no mouse events are reported.
The function will return a mask to indicate which of the specified mouse events
can be reported; on complete failure it returns 0. If oldmask is non-NULL,
this function fills the indicated location with the previous value of the given
window's mouse event mask.
As a side effect, setting a zero mousemask may turn off the mouse pointer;
setting a nonzero mask may turn it on. Whether this happens is
Here are the mouse event type masks:
BUTTON1_PRESSED mouse button 1 down
BUTTON1_RELEASED mouse button 1 up
BUTTON1_CLICKED mouse button 1 clicked
BUTTON1_DOUBLE_CLICKED mouse button 1 double clicked
BUTTON1_TRIPLE_CLICKED mouse button 1 triple clicked
BUTTON2_PRESSED mouse button 2 down
BUTTON2_RELEASED mouse button 2 up
BUTTON2_CLICKED mouse button 2 clicked
BUTTON2_DOUBLE_CLICKED mouse button 2 double clicked
BUTTON2_TRIPLE_CLICKED mouse button 2 triple clicked
BUTTON3_PRESSED mouse button 3 down
BUTTON3_RELEASED mouse button 3 up
BUTTON3_CLICKED mouse button 3 clicked
BUTTON3_DOUBLE_CLICKED mouse button 3 double clicked
BUTTON3_TRIPLE_CLICKED mouse button 3 triple clicked
BUTTON4_PRESSED mouse button 4 down
BUTTON4_RELEASED mouse button 4 up
BUTTON4_CLICKED mouse button 4 clicked
BUTTON4_DOUBLE_CLICKED mouse button 4 double clicked
BUTTON4_TRIPLE_CLICKED mouse button 4 triple clicked
BUTTON_SHIFT shift was down during button state change
BUTTON_CTRL control was down during button state change
BUTTON_ALT alt was down during button state change
ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS report all button state changes
REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION report mouse movement
Once a class of mouse events have been made visible in a window,
calling the \fBwgetch\fR function on that window may return
\fBKEY_MOUSE\fR as an indicator that a mouse event has been queued.
To read the event data and pop the event off the queue, call
\fBgetmouse\fR. This function will return \fBOK\fR if a mouse event
is actually visible in the given window, \fBERR\fR otherwise.
When \fBgetmouse\fR returns \fBOK\fR, the data deposited as y and
x in the event structure coordinates will be screen-relative character-cell
coordinates. The returned state mask will have exactly one bit set to
indicate the event type.
The \fBungetmouse\fR function behaves analogously to \fBungetch\fR. It pushes
a \fBKEY_MOUSE\fR event onto the input queue, and associates with that event
the given state data and screen-relative character-cell coordinates.
The \fBwenclose\fR function tests whether a given pair of screen-relative
character-cell coordinates is enclosed by a given window, returning TRUE
if it is and FALSE otherwise. It is useful for determining what subset of
the screen windows enclose the location of a mouse event.
The \fBwmouse_trafo\fR function transforms a given pair of coordinates from
stdscr-relative coordinates to screen-relative coordinates or vice versa.
Please remember, that stdscr-relative coordinates are not always identical
to screen-relative coordinates due to the mechanism to reserve lines on top
or bottom of the screen for other purposes (ripoff() call, see also slk_...
functions). If the parameter \fBto_screen\fR is \fBTRUE\fR, the pointers
\fBpY, pX\fR must reference the coordinates of a location inside the window
\fBwin\fR. They are converted to screen-relative coordinates and returned
through the pointers. If the conversion was successful, the function
returns \fBTRUE\fR. If one of the parameters was NULL or the location is
not inside the window, \fBFALSE\fR is returned. If \fBto_screen\fR is
\fBFALSE\fR, the pointers \fBpY, pX\fR must reference screen-relative
coordinates. They are converted to stdscr-relative coordinates if the
window \fBwin\fR encloses this point. In this case the function returns
\fBTRUE\fR. If one of the parameters is NULL or the point is not inside the
window, \fBFALSE\fR is returned. Please notice, that the referenced coordinates
are only replaced by the converted coordinates if the transformation was
The \fBmouseinterval\fR function sets the maximum time (in thousands of a
second) that can elapse between press and release events in order for them to
be recognized as a click. This function returns the previous interval value.
The default is one fifth of a second.
Note that mouse events will be ignored when input is in cooked mode, and will
cause an error beep when cooked mode is being simulated in a window by a
function such as \fBgetstr\fR that expects a linefeed for input-loop
.SH RETURN VALUE
\fBgetmouse\fR, \fBungetmouse\fR and \fBmouseinterval\fR
return the integer \fBERR\fR upon failure or \fBOK\fR
upon successful completion. \fBmousemask\fR returns the
mask of reportable events. \fBwenclose\fR and \fBwmouse_trafo\fR
are boolean functions returning \fBTRUE\fR or \fBFALSE\fR depending
on their test result.
These calls were designed for \fBncurses\fR(3X), and are not found in SVr4
curses, 4.4BSD curses, or any other previous version of curses.
The feature macro \fBNCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION\fR is provided so the preprocessor
can be used to test whether these features are present (its value is 1). NOTE:
THIS INTERFACE IS EXPERIMENTAL AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE! If the
interface is changed, the value of \fBNCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION\fR will be
The order of the \fBMEVENT\fR structure members is not guaranteed.
Additional fields may be added to the structure in the future.
Under \fBncurses\fR(3X), these calls are implemented using either
xterm's built-in mouse-tracking API or Alessandro Rubini's gpm server.
If you are using something other than xterm there is no gpm daemon
running on your machine, mouse events will not be visible to
\fBncurses\fR(3X) (and the \fBwmousemask\fR function will always
The z member in the event structure is not presently used. It is intended
for use with touch screens (which may be pressure-sensitive) or with
Mouse events under xterm will not in fact be ignored during cooked mode,
if they have been enabled by \fBwmousemask\fR. Instead, the xterm mouse
report sequence will appear in the string read.
Mouse events under xterm will not be detected correctly in a window with
its keypad bit off.
.SH SEE ALSO
.\"# The following sets edit modes for GNU EMACS
.\"# Local Variables: