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path: root/crypto/rand/drbg_lib.c
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/*
 * Copyright 2011-2020 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use
 * this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
 * in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
 * https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html
 */

#include <string.h>
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
#include <openssl/err.h>
#include <openssl/rand.h>
#include "rand_local.h"
#include "internal/thread_once.h"
#include "crypto/rand.h"
#include "crypto/cryptlib.h"

/*
 * Support framework for NIST SP 800-90A DRBG
 *
 * See manual page RAND_DRBG(7) for a general overview.
 *
 * The OpenSSL model is to have new and free functions, and that new
 * does all initialization.  That is not the NIST model, which has
 * instantiation and un-instantiate, and re-use within a new/free
 * lifecycle.  (No doubt this comes from the desire to support hardware
 * DRBG, where allocation of resources on something like an HSM is
 * a much bigger deal than just re-setting an allocated resource.)
 */

/*
 * The three shared DRBG instances
 *
 * There are three shared DRBG instances: <master>, <public>, and <private>.
 */

/*
 * The <master> DRBG
 *
 * Not used directly by the application, only for reseeding the two other
 * DRBGs. It reseeds itself by pulling either randomness from os entropy
 * sources or by consuming randomness which was added by RAND_add().
 *
 * The <master> DRBG is a global instance which is accessed concurrently by
 * all threads. The necessary locking is managed automatically by its child
 * DRBG instances during reseeding.
 */
static RAND_DRBG *master_drbg;
/*
 * The <public> DRBG
 *
 * Used by default for generating random bytes using RAND_bytes().
 *
 * The <public> DRBG is thread-local, i.e., there is one instance per thread.
 */
static CRYPTO_THREAD_LOCAL public_drbg;
/*
 * The <private> DRBG
 *
 * Used by default for generating private keys using RAND_priv_bytes()
 *
 * The <private> DRBG is thread-local, i.e., there is one instance per thread.
 */
static CRYPTO_THREAD_LOCAL private_drbg;



/* NIST SP 800-90A DRBG recommends the use of a personalization string. */
static const char ossl_pers_string[] = "OpenSSL NIST SP 800-90A DRBG";

static CRYPTO_ONCE rand_drbg_init = CRYPTO_ONCE_STATIC_INIT;



static int rand_drbg_type = RAND_DRBG_TYPE;
static unsigned int rand_drbg_flags = RAND_DRBG_FLAGS;

static unsigned int master_reseed_interval = MASTER_RESEED_INTERVAL;
static unsigned int slave_reseed_interval  = SLAVE_RESEED_INTERVAL;

static time_t master_reseed_time_interval = MASTER_RESEED_TIME_INTERVAL;
static time_t slave_reseed_time_interval  = SLAVE_RESEED_TIME_INTERVAL;

/* A logical OR of all used DRBG flag bits (currently there is only one) */
static const unsigned int rand_drbg_used_flags =
    RAND_DRBG_FLAG_CTR_NO_DF;

static RAND_DRBG *drbg_setup(RAND_DRBG *parent);

static RAND_DRBG *rand_drbg_new(int secure,
                                int type,
                                unsigned int flags,
                                RAND_DRBG *parent);

/*
 * Set/initialize |drbg| to be of type |type|, with optional |flags|.
 *
 * If |type| and |flags| are zero, use the defaults
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_set(RAND_DRBG *drbg, int type, unsigned int flags)
{
    int ret = 1;

    if (type == 0 && flags == 0) {
        type = rand_drbg_type;
        flags = rand_drbg_flags;
    }

    /* If set is called multiple times - clear the old one */
    if (drbg->type != 0 && (type != drbg->type || flags != drbg->flags)) {
        drbg->meth->uninstantiate(drbg);
        rand_pool_free(drbg->adin_pool);
        drbg->adin_pool = NULL;
    }

    drbg->state = DRBG_UNINITIALISED;
    drbg->flags = flags;
    drbg->type = type;

    switch (type) {
    default:
        drbg->type = 0;
        drbg->flags = 0;
        drbg->meth = NULL;
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_SET, RAND_R_UNSUPPORTED_DRBG_TYPE);
        return 0;
    case 0:
        /* Uninitialized; that's okay. */
        drbg->meth = NULL;
        return 1;
    case NID_aes_128_ctr:
    case NID_aes_192_ctr:
    case NID_aes_256_ctr:
        ret = drbg_ctr_init(drbg);
        break;
    }

    if (ret == 0) {
        drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_SET, RAND_R_ERROR_INITIALISING_DRBG);
    }
    return ret;
}

/*
 * Set/initialize default |type| and |flag| for new drbg instances.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_set_defaults(int type, unsigned int flags)
{
    int ret = 1;

    switch (type) {
    default:
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_SET_DEFAULTS, RAND_R_UNSUPPORTED_DRBG_TYPE);
        return 0;
    case NID_aes_128_ctr:
    case NID_aes_192_ctr:
    case NID_aes_256_ctr:
        break;
    }

    if ((flags & ~rand_drbg_used_flags) != 0) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_SET_DEFAULTS, RAND_R_UNSUPPORTED_DRBG_FLAGS);
        return 0;
    }

    rand_drbg_type  = type;
    rand_drbg_flags = flags;

    return ret;
}


/*
 * Allocate memory and initialize a new DRBG. The DRBG is allocated on
 * the secure heap if |secure| is nonzero and the secure heap is enabled.
 * The |parent|, if not NULL, will be used as random source for reseeding.
 *
 * Returns a pointer to the new DRBG instance on success, NULL on failure.
 */
static RAND_DRBG *rand_drbg_new(int secure,
                                int type,
                                unsigned int flags,
                                RAND_DRBG *parent)
{
    RAND_DRBG *drbg = secure ? OPENSSL_secure_zalloc(sizeof(*drbg))
                             : OPENSSL_zalloc(sizeof(*drbg));

    if (drbg == NULL) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_NEW, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
        return NULL;
    }

    drbg->secure = secure && CRYPTO_secure_allocated(drbg);
    drbg->fork_id = openssl_get_fork_id();
    drbg->parent = parent;

    if (parent == NULL) {
        drbg->get_entropy = rand_drbg_get_entropy;
        drbg->cleanup_entropy = rand_drbg_cleanup_entropy;
#ifndef RAND_DRBG_GET_RANDOM_NONCE
        drbg->get_nonce = rand_drbg_get_nonce;
        drbg->cleanup_nonce = rand_drbg_cleanup_nonce;
#endif

        drbg->reseed_interval = master_reseed_interval;
        drbg->reseed_time_interval = master_reseed_time_interval;
    } else {
        drbg->get_entropy = rand_drbg_get_entropy;
        drbg->cleanup_entropy = rand_drbg_cleanup_entropy;
        /*
         * Do not provide nonce callbacks, the child DRBGs will
         * obtain their nonce using random bits from the parent.
         */

        drbg->reseed_interval = slave_reseed_interval;
        drbg->reseed_time_interval = slave_reseed_time_interval;
    }

    if (RAND_DRBG_set(drbg, type, flags) == 0)
        goto err;

    if (parent != NULL) {
        rand_drbg_lock(parent);
        if (drbg->strength > parent->strength) {
            /*
             * We currently don't support the algorithm from NIST SP 800-90C
             * 10.1.2 to use a weaker DRBG as source
             */
            rand_drbg_unlock(parent);
            RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_NEW, RAND_R_PARENT_STRENGTH_TOO_WEAK);
            goto err;
        }
        rand_drbg_unlock(parent);
    }

    return drbg;

 err:
    RAND_DRBG_free(drbg);

    return NULL;
}

RAND_DRBG *RAND_DRBG_new(int type, unsigned int flags, RAND_DRBG *parent)
{
    return rand_drbg_new(0, type, flags, parent);
}

RAND_DRBG *RAND_DRBG_secure_new(int type, unsigned int flags, RAND_DRBG *parent)
{
    return rand_drbg_new(1, type, flags, parent);
}

/*
 * Uninstantiate |drbg| and free all memory.
 */
void RAND_DRBG_free(RAND_DRBG *drbg)
{
    if (drbg == NULL)
        return;

    if (drbg->meth != NULL)
        drbg->meth->uninstantiate(drbg);
    rand_pool_free(drbg->adin_pool);
    CRYPTO_THREAD_lock_free(drbg->lock);
    CRYPTO_free_ex_data(CRYPTO_EX_INDEX_DRBG, drbg, &drbg->ex_data);

    if (drbg->secure)
        OPENSSL_secure_clear_free(drbg, sizeof(*drbg));
    else
        OPENSSL_clear_free(drbg, sizeof(*drbg));
}

/*
 * Instantiate |drbg|, after it has been initialized.  Use |pers| and
 * |perslen| as prediction-resistance input.
 *
 * Requires that drbg->lock is already locked for write, if non-null.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_instantiate(RAND_DRBG *drbg,
                          const unsigned char *pers, size_t perslen)
{
    unsigned char *nonce = NULL, *entropy = NULL;
    size_t noncelen = 0, entropylen = 0;
    size_t min_entropy = drbg->strength;
    size_t min_entropylen = drbg->min_entropylen;
    size_t max_entropylen = drbg->max_entropylen;

    if (perslen > drbg->max_perslen) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_INSTANTIATE,
                RAND_R_PERSONALISATION_STRING_TOO_LONG);
        goto end;
    }

    if (drbg->meth == NULL) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_INSTANTIATE,
                RAND_R_NO_DRBG_IMPLEMENTATION_SELECTED);
        goto end;
    }

    if (drbg->state != DRBG_UNINITIALISED) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_INSTANTIATE,
                drbg->state == DRBG_ERROR ? RAND_R_IN_ERROR_STATE
                                          : RAND_R_ALREADY_INSTANTIATED);
        goto end;
    }

    drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;

    /*
     * NIST SP800-90Ar1 section 9.1 says you can combine getting the entropy
     * and nonce in 1 call by increasing the entropy with 50% and increasing
     * the minimum length to accommodate the length of the nonce.
     * We do this in case a nonce is require and get_nonce is NULL.
     */
    if (drbg->min_noncelen > 0 && drbg->get_nonce == NULL) {
        min_entropy += drbg->strength / 2;
        min_entropylen += drbg->min_noncelen;
        max_entropylen += drbg->max_noncelen;
    }

    if (drbg->get_entropy != NULL)
        entropylen = drbg->get_entropy(drbg, &entropy, min_entropy,
                                       min_entropylen, max_entropylen, 0);
    if (entropylen < min_entropylen
            || entropylen > max_entropylen) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_INSTANTIATE, RAND_R_ERROR_RETRIEVING_ENTROPY);
        goto end;
    }

    if (drbg->min_noncelen > 0 && drbg->get_nonce != NULL) {
        noncelen = drbg->get_nonce(drbg, &nonce, drbg->strength / 2,
                                   drbg->min_noncelen, drbg->max_noncelen);
        if (noncelen < drbg->min_noncelen || noncelen > drbg->max_noncelen) {
            RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_INSTANTIATE, RAND_R_ERROR_RETRIEVING_NONCE);
            goto end;
        }
    }

    if (!drbg->meth->instantiate(drbg, entropy, entropylen,
                         nonce, noncelen, pers, perslen)) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_INSTANTIATE, RAND_R_ERROR_INSTANTIATING_DRBG);
        goto end;
    }

    drbg->state = DRBG_READY;
    drbg->generate_counter = 1;
    drbg->reseed_time = time(NULL);
    if (drbg->enable_reseed_propagation) {
        if (drbg->parent == NULL)
            tsan_counter(&drbg->reseed_counter);
        else
            tsan_store(&drbg->reseed_counter,
                       tsan_load(&drbg->parent->reseed_counter));
    }

 end:
    if (entropy != NULL && drbg->cleanup_entropy != NULL)
        drbg->cleanup_entropy(drbg, entropy, entropylen);
    if (nonce != NULL && drbg->cleanup_nonce != NULL)
        drbg->cleanup_nonce(drbg, nonce, noncelen);
    if (drbg->state == DRBG_READY)
        return 1;
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Uninstantiate |drbg|. Must be instantiated before it can be used.
 *
 * Requires that drbg->lock is already locked for write, if non-null.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_uninstantiate(RAND_DRBG *drbg)
{
    if (drbg->meth == NULL) {
        drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_UNINSTANTIATE,
                RAND_R_NO_DRBG_IMPLEMENTATION_SELECTED);
        return 0;
    }

    /* Clear the entire drbg->ctr struct, then reset some important
     * members of the drbg->ctr struct (e.g. keysize, df_ks) to their
     * initial values.
     */
    drbg->meth->uninstantiate(drbg);
    return RAND_DRBG_set(drbg, drbg->type, drbg->flags);
}

/*
 * Reseed |drbg|, mixing in the specified data
 *
 * Requires that drbg->lock is already locked for write, if non-null.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_reseed(RAND_DRBG *drbg,
                     const unsigned char *adin, size_t adinlen,
                     int prediction_resistance)
{
    unsigned char *entropy = NULL;
    size_t entropylen = 0;

    if (drbg->state == DRBG_ERROR) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESEED, RAND_R_IN_ERROR_STATE);
        return 0;
    }
    if (drbg->state == DRBG_UNINITIALISED) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESEED, RAND_R_NOT_INSTANTIATED);
        return 0;
    }

    if (adin == NULL) {
        adinlen = 0;
    } else if (adinlen > drbg->max_adinlen) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESEED, RAND_R_ADDITIONAL_INPUT_TOO_LONG);
        return 0;
    }

    drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
    if (drbg->get_entropy != NULL)
        entropylen = drbg->get_entropy(drbg, &entropy, drbg->strength,
                                       drbg->min_entropylen,
                                       drbg->max_entropylen,
                                       prediction_resistance);
    if (entropylen < drbg->min_entropylen
            || entropylen > drbg->max_entropylen) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESEED, RAND_R_ERROR_RETRIEVING_ENTROPY);
        goto end;
    }

    if (!drbg->meth->reseed(drbg, entropy, entropylen, adin, adinlen))
        goto end;

    drbg->state = DRBG_READY;
    drbg->generate_counter = 1;
    drbg->reseed_time = time(NULL);
    if (drbg->enable_reseed_propagation) {
        if (drbg->parent == NULL)
            tsan_counter(&drbg->reseed_counter);
        else
            tsan_store(&drbg->reseed_counter,
                       tsan_load(&drbg->parent->reseed_counter));
    }

 end:
    if (entropy != NULL && drbg->cleanup_entropy != NULL)
        drbg->cleanup_entropy(drbg, entropy, entropylen);
    if (drbg->state == DRBG_READY)
        return 1;
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Restart |drbg|, using the specified entropy or additional input
 *
 * Tries its best to get the drbg instantiated by all means,
 * regardless of its current state.
 *
 * Optionally, a |buffer| of |len| random bytes can be passed,
 * which is assumed to contain at least |entropy| bits of entropy.
 *
 * If |entropy| > 0, the buffer content is used as entropy input.
 *
 * If |entropy| == 0, the buffer content is used as additional input
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 *
 * This function is used internally only.
 */
int rand_drbg_restart(RAND_DRBG *drbg,
                      const unsigned char *buffer, size_t len, size_t entropy)
{
    int reseeded = 0;
    const unsigned char *adin = NULL;
    size_t adinlen = 0;

    if (drbg->seed_pool != NULL) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESTART, ERR_R_INTERNAL_ERROR);
        drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
        rand_pool_free(drbg->seed_pool);
        drbg->seed_pool = NULL;
        return 0;
    }

    if (buffer != NULL) {
        if (entropy > 0) {
            if (drbg->max_entropylen < len) {
                RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESTART,
                    RAND_R_ENTROPY_INPUT_TOO_LONG);
                drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
                return 0;
            }

            if (entropy > 8 * len) {
                RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESTART, RAND_R_ENTROPY_OUT_OF_RANGE);
                drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
                return 0;
            }

            /* will be picked up by the rand_drbg_get_entropy() callback */
            drbg->seed_pool = rand_pool_attach(buffer, len, entropy);
            if (drbg->seed_pool == NULL)
                return 0;
        } else {
            if (drbg->max_adinlen < len) {
                RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESTART,
                        RAND_R_ADDITIONAL_INPUT_TOO_LONG);
                drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
                return 0;
            }
            adin = buffer;
            adinlen = len;
        }
    }

    /* repair error state */
    if (drbg->state == DRBG_ERROR)
        RAND_DRBG_uninstantiate(drbg);

    /* repair uninitialized state */
    if (drbg->state == DRBG_UNINITIALISED) {
        /* reinstantiate drbg */
        RAND_DRBG_instantiate(drbg,
                              (const unsigned char *) ossl_pers_string,
                              sizeof(ossl_pers_string) - 1);
        /* already reseeded. prevent second reseeding below */
        reseeded = (drbg->state == DRBG_READY);
    }

    /* refresh current state if entropy or additional input has been provided */
    if (drbg->state == DRBG_READY) {
        if (adin != NULL) {
            /*
             * mix in additional input without reseeding
             *
             * Similar to RAND_DRBG_reseed(), but the provided additional
             * data |adin| is mixed into the current state without pulling
             * entropy from the trusted entropy source using get_entropy().
             * This is not a reseeding in the strict sense of NIST SP 800-90A.
             */
            drbg->meth->reseed(drbg, adin, adinlen, NULL, 0);
        } else if (reseeded == 0) {
            /* do a full reseeding if it has not been done yet above */
            if (!RAND_DRBG_reseed(drbg, NULL, 0, 0)) {
                RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_RESTART, RAND_R_RESEED_ERROR);
            }
        }
    }

    rand_pool_free(drbg->seed_pool);
    drbg->seed_pool = NULL;

    return drbg->state == DRBG_READY;
}

/*
 * Generate |outlen| bytes into the buffer at |out|.  Reseed if we need
 * to or if |prediction_resistance| is set.  Additional input can be
 * sent in |adin| and |adinlen|.
 *
 * Requires that drbg->lock is already locked for write, if non-null.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 *
 */
int RAND_DRBG_generate(RAND_DRBG *drbg, unsigned char *out, size_t outlen,
                       int prediction_resistance,
                       const unsigned char *adin, size_t adinlen)
{
    int fork_id;
    int reseed_required = 0;

    if (drbg->state != DRBG_READY) {
        /* try to recover from previous errors */
        rand_drbg_restart(drbg, NULL, 0, 0);

        if (drbg->state == DRBG_ERROR) {
            RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_GENERATE, RAND_R_IN_ERROR_STATE);
            return 0;
        }
        if (drbg->state == DRBG_UNINITIALISED) {
            RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_GENERATE, RAND_R_NOT_INSTANTIATED);
            return 0;
        }
    }

    if (outlen > drbg->max_request) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_GENERATE, RAND_R_REQUEST_TOO_LARGE_FOR_DRBG);
        return 0;
    }
    if (adinlen > drbg->max_adinlen) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_GENERATE, RAND_R_ADDITIONAL_INPUT_TOO_LONG);
        return 0;
    }

    fork_id = openssl_get_fork_id();

    if (drbg->fork_id != fork_id) {
        drbg->fork_id = fork_id;
        reseed_required = 1;
    }

    if (drbg->reseed_interval > 0) {
        if (drbg->generate_counter >= drbg->reseed_interval)
            reseed_required = 1;
    }
    if (drbg->reseed_time_interval > 0) {
        time_t now = time(NULL);
        if (now < drbg->reseed_time
            || now - drbg->reseed_time >= drbg->reseed_time_interval)
            reseed_required = 1;
    }
    if (drbg->enable_reseed_propagation && drbg->parent != NULL) {
        if (drbg->reseed_counter != tsan_load(&drbg->parent->reseed_counter))
            reseed_required = 1;
    }

    if (reseed_required || prediction_resistance) {
        if (!RAND_DRBG_reseed(drbg, adin, adinlen, prediction_resistance)) {
            RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_GENERATE, RAND_R_RESEED_ERROR);
            return 0;
        }
        adin = NULL;
        adinlen = 0;
    }

    if (!drbg->meth->generate(drbg, out, outlen, adin, adinlen)) {
        drbg->state = DRBG_ERROR;
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_GENERATE, RAND_R_GENERATE_ERROR);
        return 0;
    }

    drbg->generate_counter++;

    return 1;
}

/*
 * Generates |outlen| random bytes and stores them in |out|. It will
 * using the given |drbg| to generate the bytes.
 *
 * Requires that drbg->lock is already locked for write, if non-null.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_bytes(RAND_DRBG *drbg, unsigned char *out, size_t outlen)
{
    unsigned char *additional = NULL;
    size_t additional_len;
    size_t chunk;
    size_t ret = 0;

    if (drbg->adin_pool == NULL) {
        if (drbg->type == 0)
            goto err;
        drbg->adin_pool = rand_pool_new(0, 0, 0, drbg->max_adinlen);
        if (drbg->adin_pool == NULL)
            goto err;
    }

    additional_len = rand_drbg_get_additional_data(drbg->adin_pool,
                                                   &additional);

    for ( ; outlen > 0; outlen -= chunk, out += chunk) {
        chunk = outlen;
        if (chunk > drbg->max_request)
            chunk = drbg->max_request;
        ret = RAND_DRBG_generate(drbg, out, chunk, 0, additional, additional_len);
        if (!ret)
            goto err;
    }
    ret = 1;

 err:
    if (additional != NULL)
        rand_drbg_cleanup_additional_data(drbg->adin_pool, additional);

    return ret;
}

/*
 * Set the RAND_DRBG callbacks for obtaining entropy and nonce.
 *
 * Setting the callbacks is allowed only if the drbg has not been
 * initialized yet. Otherwise, the operation will fail.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_set_callbacks(RAND_DRBG *drbg,
                            RAND_DRBG_get_entropy_fn get_entropy,
                            RAND_DRBG_cleanup_entropy_fn cleanup_entropy,
                            RAND_DRBG_get_nonce_fn get_nonce,
                            RAND_DRBG_cleanup_nonce_fn cleanup_nonce)
{
    if (drbg->state != DRBG_UNINITIALISED)
        return 0;
    drbg->get_entropy = get_entropy;
    drbg->cleanup_entropy = cleanup_entropy;
    drbg->get_nonce = get_nonce;
    drbg->cleanup_nonce = cleanup_nonce;
    return 1;
}

/*
 * Set the reseed interval.
 *
 * The drbg will reseed automatically whenever the number of generate
 * requests exceeds the given reseed interval. If the reseed interval
 * is 0, then this feature is disabled.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_set_reseed_interval(RAND_DRBG *drbg, unsigned int interval)
{
    if (interval > MAX_RESEED_INTERVAL)
        return 0;
    drbg->reseed_interval = interval;
    return 1;
}

/*
 * Set the reseed time interval.
 *
 * The drbg will reseed automatically whenever the time elapsed since
 * the last reseeding exceeds the given reseed time interval. For safety,
 * a reseeding will also occur if the clock has been reset to a smaller
 * value.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int RAND_DRBG_set_reseed_time_interval(RAND_DRBG *drbg, time_t interval)
{
    if (interval > MAX_RESEED_TIME_INTERVAL)
        return 0;
    drbg->reseed_time_interval = interval;
    return 1;
}

/*
 * Set the default values for reseed (time) intervals of new DRBG instances
 *
 * The default values can be set independently for master DRBG instances
 * (without a parent) and slave DRBG instances (with parent).
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */

int RAND_DRBG_set_reseed_defaults(
                                  unsigned int _master_reseed_interval,
                                  unsigned int _slave_reseed_interval,
                                  time_t _master_reseed_time_interval,
                                  time_t _slave_reseed_time_interval
                                  )
{
    if (_master_reseed_interval > MAX_RESEED_INTERVAL
        || _slave_reseed_interval > MAX_RESEED_INTERVAL)
        return 0;

    if (_master_reseed_time_interval > MAX_RESEED_TIME_INTERVAL
        || _slave_reseed_time_interval > MAX_RESEED_TIME_INTERVAL)
        return 0;

    master_reseed_interval = _master_reseed_interval;
    slave_reseed_interval = _slave_reseed_interval;

    master_reseed_time_interval = _master_reseed_time_interval;
    slave_reseed_time_interval = _slave_reseed_time_interval;

    return 1;
}

/*
 * Locks the given drbg. Locking a drbg which does not have locking
 * enabled is considered a successful no-op.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int rand_drbg_lock(RAND_DRBG *drbg)
{
    if (drbg->lock != NULL)
        return CRYPTO_THREAD_write_lock(drbg->lock);

    return 1;
}

/*
 * Unlocks the given drbg. Unlocking a drbg which does not have locking
 * enabled is considered a successful no-op.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int rand_drbg_unlock(RAND_DRBG *drbg)
{
    if (drbg->lock != NULL)
        return CRYPTO_THREAD_unlock(drbg->lock);

    return 1;
}

/*
 * Enables locking for the given drbg
 *
 * Locking can only be enabled if the random generator
 * is in the uninitialized state.
 *
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
int rand_drbg_enable_locking(RAND_DRBG *drbg)
{
    if (drbg->state != DRBG_UNINITIALISED) {
        RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_ENABLE_LOCKING,
                RAND_R_DRBG_ALREADY_INITIALIZED);
        return 0;
    }

    if (drbg->lock == NULL) {
        if (drbg->parent != NULL && drbg->parent->lock == NULL) {
            RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_ENABLE_LOCKING,
                    RAND_R_PARENT_LOCKING_NOT_ENABLED);
            return 0;
        }

        drbg->lock = CRYPTO_THREAD_lock_new();
        if (drbg->lock == NULL) {
            RANDerr(RAND_F_RAND_DRBG_ENABLE_LOCKING,
                    RAND_R_FAILED_TO_CREATE_LOCK);
            return 0;
        }
    }

    return 1;
}

/*
 * Get and set the EXDATA
 */
int RAND_DRBG_set_ex_data(RAND_DRBG *drbg, int idx, void *arg)
{
    return CRYPTO_set_ex_data(&drbg->ex_data, idx, arg);
}

void *RAND_DRBG_get_ex_data(const RAND_DRBG *drbg, int idx)
{
    return CRYPTO_get_ex_data(&drbg->ex_data, idx);
}


/*
 * The following functions provide a RAND_METHOD that works on the
 * global DRBG.  They lock.
 */

/*
 * Allocates a new global DRBG on the secure heap (if enabled) and
 * initializes it with default settings.
 *
 * Returns a pointer to the new DRBG instance on success, NULL on failure.
 */
static RAND_DRBG *drbg_setup(RAND_DRBG *parent)
{
    RAND_DRBG *drbg;

    drbg = RAND_DRBG_secure_new(rand_drbg_type, rand_drbg_flags, parent);
    if (drbg == NULL)
        return NULL;

    /* Only the master DRBG needs to have a lock */
    if (parent == NULL && rand_drbg_enable_locking(drbg) == 0)
        goto err;

    /* enable reseed propagation */
    drbg->enable_reseed_propagation = 1;
    drbg->reseed_counter = 1;

    /*
     * Ignore instantiation error to support just-in-time instantiation.
     *
     * The state of the drbg will be checked in RAND_DRBG_generate() and
     * an automatic recovery is attempted.
     */
    (void)RAND_DRBG_instantiate(drbg,
                                (const unsigned char *) ossl_pers_string,
                                sizeof(ossl_pers_string) - 1);
    return drbg;

err:
    RAND_DRBG_free(drbg);
    return NULL;
}

/*
 * Initialize the global DRBGs on first use.
 * Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 */
DEFINE_RUN_ONCE_STATIC(do_rand_drbg_init)
{
    /*
     * ensure that libcrypto is initialized, otherwise the
     * DRBG locks are not cleaned up properly
     */
    if (!OPENSSL_init_crypto(0, NULL))
        return 0;

    if (!CRYPTO_THREAD_init_local(&private_drbg, NULL))
        return 0;

    if (!CRYPTO_THREAD_init_local(&public_drbg, NULL))
        goto err1;

    master_drbg = drbg_setup(NULL);
    if (master_drbg == NULL)
        goto err2;

    return 1;

err2:
    CRYPTO_THREAD_cleanup_local(&public_drbg);
err1:
    CRYPTO_THREAD_cleanup_local(&private_drbg);
    return 0;
}

/* Clean up the global DRBGs before exit */
void rand_drbg_cleanup_int(void)
{
    if (master_drbg != NULL) {
        RAND_DRBG_free(master_drbg);
        master_drbg = NULL;

        CRYPTO_THREAD_cleanup_local(&private_drbg);
        CRYPTO_THREAD_cleanup_local(&public_drbg);
    }
}

void drbg_delete_thread_state(void)
{
    RAND_DRBG *drbg;

    drbg = CRYPTO_THREAD_get_local(&public_drbg);
    CRYPTO_THREAD_set_local(&public_drbg, NULL);
    RAND_DRBG_free(drbg);

    drbg = CRYPTO_THREAD_get_local(&private_drbg);
    CRYPTO_THREAD_set_local(&private_drbg, NULL);
    RAND_DRBG_free(drbg);
}

/* Implements the default OpenSSL RAND_bytes() method */
static int drbg_bytes(unsigned char *out, int count)
{
    int ret;
    RAND_DRBG *drbg = RAND_DRBG_get0_public();

    if (drbg == NULL)
        return 0;

    ret = RAND_DRBG_bytes(drbg, out, count);

    return ret;
}

/*
 * Calculates the minimum length of a full entropy buffer
 * which is necessary to seed (i.e. instantiate) the DRBG
 * successfully.
 */
size_t rand_drbg_seedlen(RAND_DRBG *drbg)
{
    /*
     * If no os entropy source is available then RAND_seed(buffer, bufsize)
     * is expected to succeed if and only if the buffer length satisfies
     * the following requirements, which follow from the calculations
     * in RAND_DRBG_instantiate().
     */
    size_t min_entropy = drbg->strength;
    size_t min_entropylen = drbg->min_entropylen;

    /*
     * Extra entropy for the random nonce in the absence of a
     * get_nonce callback, see comment in RAND_DRBG_instantiate().
     */
    if (drbg->min_noncelen > 0 && drbg->get_nonce == NULL) {
        min_entropy += drbg->strength / 2;
        min_entropylen += drbg->min_noncelen;
    }

    /*
     * Convert entropy requirement from bits to bytes
     * (dividing by 8 without rounding upwards, because
     * all entropy requirements are divisible by 8).
     */
    min_entropy >>= 3;

    /* Return a value that satisfies both requirements */
    return min_entropy > min_entropylen ? min_entropy : min_entropylen;
}

/* Implements the default OpenSSL RAND_add() method */
static int drbg_add(const void *buf, int num, double randomness)
{
    int ret = 0;
    RAND_DRBG *drbg = RAND_DRBG_get0_master();
    size_t buflen;
    size_t seedlen;

    if (drbg == NULL)
        return 0;

    if (num < 0 || randomness < 0.0)
        return 0;

    rand_drbg_lock(drbg);
    seedlen = rand_drbg_seedlen(drbg);

    buflen = (size_t)num;

    if (buflen < seedlen || randomness < (double) seedlen) {
#if defined(OPENSSL_RAND_SEED_NONE)
        /*
         * If no os entropy source is available, a reseeding will fail
         * inevitably. So we use a trick to mix the buffer contents into
         * the DRBG state without forcing a reseeding: we generate a
         * dummy random byte, using the buffer content as additional data.
         * Note: This won't work with RAND_DRBG_FLAG_CTR_NO_DF.
         */
        unsigned char dummy[1];

        ret = RAND_DRBG_generate(drbg, dummy, sizeof(dummy), 0, buf, buflen);
        rand_drbg_unlock(drbg);
        return ret;
#else
        /*
         * If an os entropy source is available then we declare the buffer content
         * as additional data by setting randomness to zero and trigger a regular
         * reseeding.
         */
        randomness = 0.0;
#endif
    }


    if (randomness > (double)seedlen) {
        /*
         * The purpose of this check is to bound |randomness| by a
         * relatively small value in order to prevent an integer
         * overflow when multiplying by 8 in the rand_drbg_restart()
         * call below. Note that randomness is measured in bytes,
         * not bits, so this value corresponds to eight times the
         * security strength.
         */
        randomness = (double)seedlen;
    }

    ret = rand_drbg_restart(drbg, buf, buflen, (size_t)(8 * randomness));
    rand_drbg_unlock(drbg);

    return ret;
}

/* Implements the default OpenSSL RAND_seed() method */
static int drbg_seed(const void *buf, int num)
{
    return drbg_add(buf, num, num);
}

/* Implements the default OpenSSL RAND_status() method */
static int drbg_status(void)
{
    int ret;
    RAND_DRBG *drbg = RAND_DRBG_get0_master();

    if (drbg == NULL)
        return 0;

    rand_drbg_lock(drbg);
    ret = drbg->state == DRBG_READY ? 1 : 0;
    rand_drbg_unlock(drbg);
    return ret;
}

/*
 * Get the master DRBG.
 * Returns pointer to the DRBG on success, NULL on failure.
 *
 */
RAND_DRBG *RAND_DRBG_get0_master(void)
{
    if (!RUN_ONCE(&rand_drbg_init, do_rand_drbg_init))
        return NULL;

    return master_drbg;
}

/*
 * Get the public DRBG.
 * Returns pointer to the DRBG on success, NULL on failure.
 */
RAND_DRBG *RAND_DRBG_get0_public(void)
{
    RAND_DRBG *drbg;

    if (!RUN_ONCE(&rand_drbg_init, do_rand_drbg_init))
        return NULL;

    drbg = CRYPTO_THREAD_get_local(&public_drbg);
    if (drbg == NULL) {
        if (!ossl_init_thread_start(OPENSSL_INIT_THREAD_RAND))
            return NULL;
        drbg = drbg_setup(master_drbg);
        CRYPTO_THREAD_set_local(&public_drbg, drbg);
    }
    return drbg;
}

/*
 * Get the private DRBG.
 * Returns pointer to the DRBG on success, NULL on failure.
 */
RAND_DRBG *RAND_DRBG_get0_private(void)
{
    RAND_DRBG *drbg;

    if (!RUN_ONCE(&rand_drbg_init, do_rand_drbg_init))
        return NULL;

    drbg = CRYPTO_THREAD_get_local(&private_drbg);
    if (drbg == NULL) {
        if (!ossl_init_thread_start(OPENSSL_INIT_THREAD_RAND))
            return NULL;
        drbg = drbg_setup(master_drbg);
        CRYPTO_THREAD_set_local(&private_drbg, drbg);
    }
    return drbg;
}

RAND_METHOD rand_meth = {
    drbg_seed,
    drbg_bytes,
    NULL,
    drbg_add,
    drbg_bytes,
    drbg_status
};

RAND_METHOD *RAND_OpenSSL(void)
{
    return &rand_meth;
}