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.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 1998 John D. Polstra
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
.\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
.\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
.\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.\"	$Id$
.\"
.Dd February 5, 1998
.Os FreeBSD
.Dt DLADDR 3
.Sh NAME
.Nm dladdr
.Nd find the shared object containing a given address
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Fd #include <dlfcn.h>
.Ft int
.Fn dladdr "const void *addr" "Dl_info *info"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm
queries the dynamic linker for information about the shared object
containing the address
.Fa addr .
The information is returned in the structure specified by
.Fa info .
The structure contains at least the following members:
.Bl -tag -width "XXXconst char *dli_fname"
.It Li "const char *dli_fname"
The pathname of the shared object containing the address.
.It Li "void *dli_fbase"
The base address at which the shared object is mapped into the
address space of the calling process.
.It Li "const char *dli_sname"
The name of the nearest run-time symbol with a value less than or
equal to
.Fa addr .
When possible, the symbol name is returned as it would appear in C
source code.
.Pp
If no symbol with a suitable value is found, both this field and
.Va dli_saddr
are set to
.Dv NULL .
.It Li "void *dli_saddr"
The value of the symbol returned in
.Li dli_sname .
.El
.Pp
.Nm
is available only in dynamically linked programs.
.Sh ERRORS
If a mapped shared object containing
.Fa addr
cannot be found,
.Nm
returns 0.
In that case, a message detailing the failure can be retrieved by
calling
.Fn dlerror .
.Pp
On success, a non-zero value is returned.
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr dlopen 3 ,
.Xr rtld 1
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
function first appeared in the Solaris operating system.
.Sh BUGS
This implementation is bug-compatible with the Solaris
implementation.  In particular, the following bugs are present:
.Bl -bullet
.It
If
.Fa addr
lies in the main executable rather than in a shared library, the
pathname returned in
.Va dli_fname
may not be correct.  The pathname is taken directly from
.Va argv[0]
of the calling process.  When executing a program specified by its
full pathname, most shells set
.Va argv[0]
to the pathname.  But this is not required of shells or guaranteed
by the operating system.
.It
If
.Fa addr
is of the form
.Va &func ,
where
.Va func
is a global function, its value may be an unpleasant surprise.  In
dynamically linked programs, the address of a global function is
considered to point to its program linkage table entry, rather than to
the entry point of the function itself.  This causes most global
functions to appear to be defined within the main executable, rather
than in the shared libraries where the actual code resides.
.It
Returning 0 as an indication of failure goes against long-standing
Unix tradition.
.El