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.\"***************************************************************************
.\" Copyright (c) 1998-2005,2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.              *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a  *
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.\" "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including      *
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.\" furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:                 *
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.\" The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included  *
.\" in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.                   *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS  *
.\" OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF               *
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.\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE ABOVE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,   *
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.\"***************************************************************************
.\"
.\" $Id: curs_clear.3x,v 1.11 2007/12/29 15:58:38 tom Exp $
.TH curs_clear 3X ""
.na
.hy 0
.SH NAME
\fBerase\fR,
\fBwerase\fR,
\fBclear\fR,
\fBwclear\fR,
\fBclrtobot\fR,
\fBwclrtobot\fR,
\fBclrtoeol\fR,
\fBwclrtoeol\fR - clear all or part of a \fBcurses\fR window
.ad
.hy
.SH SYNOPSIS
\fB# include <curses.h>\fR
.sp
\fBint erase(void);\fR
.br
\fBint werase(WINDOW *win);\fR
.br
\fBint clear(void);\fR
.br
\fBint wclear(WINDOW *win);\fR
.br
\fBint clrtobot(void);\fR
.br
\fBint wclrtobot(WINDOW *win);\fR
.br
\fBint clrtoeol(void);\fR
.br
\fBint wclrtoeol(WINDOW *win);\fR
.br
.SH DESCRIPTION
The \fBerase\fR and \fBwerase\fR routines copy blanks to every
position in the window, clearing the screen.
.PP
The \fBclear\fR and \fBwclear\fR routines are like \fBerase\fR and
\fBwerase\fR, but they also call \fBclearok\fR, so that the screen is
cleared completely on the next call to \fBwrefresh\fR for that window
and repainted from scratch.
.PP
The \fBclrtobot\fR and \fBwclrtobot\fR routines erase from the cursor to the
end of screen.  That is, they erase all lines below the cursor in the window.
Also, the current line to the right of the cursor, inclusive, is erased.
.PP
The \fBclrtoeol\fR and \fBwclrtoeol\fR routines erase the current line
to the right of the cursor, inclusive, to the end of the current line.
.PP
Blanks created by erasure have the current background rendition (as set
by \fBwbkgdset\fR) merged into them.
.SH RETURN VALUE
All routines return the integer \fBOK\fR on success and \fBERR\fP on failure.
The SVr4.0 manual says "or a
non-negative integer if \fBimmedok\fR is set", but this appears to be an error.
.PP
X/Open defines no error conditions.
In this implementation,
functions using a window pointer parameter return an error if it is null.
.SH NOTES
Note that \fBerase\fR, \fBwerase\fR, \fBclear\fR, \fBwclear\fR,
\fBclrtobot\fR, and \fBclrtoeol\fR may be macros.
.SH PORTABILITY
These functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4.  The
standard specifies that they return \fBERR\fR on failure, but specifies no
error conditions.
.PP
Some historic curses implementations had, as an undocumented feature, the
ability to do the equivalent of \fBclearok(..., 1)\fR by saying
\fBtouchwin(stdscr)\fR or \fBclear(stdscr)\fR.  This will not work under
ncurses.
.PP
This implementation, and others such as Solaris,
sets the current position to 0,0 after erasing
via \fBwerase()\fP and \fBwclear()\fP.
That fact is not documented in other implementations,
and may not be true of implementations
which were not derived from SVr4 source.
.PP
Not obvious from the description,
most implementations clear the screen after \fBwclear\fP
even for a subwindow or derived window.
If you do not want to clear the screen during the next \fBwrefresh\fP,
use \fBwerase\fP instead.
.SH SEE ALSO
\fBcurses\fR(3X), \fBcurs_outopts\fR(3X), \fBcurs_refresh\fR(3X)
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