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.\"***************************************************************************
.\" Copyright (c) 2000-2017,2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.              *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a  *
.\" copy of this software and associated documentation files (the            *
.\" "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including      *
.\" without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,      *
.\" distribute, distribute with modifications, sublicense, and/or sell       *
.\" copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is    *
.\" furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:                 *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included  *
.\" in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.                   *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS  *
.\" OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF               *
.\" MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.   *
.\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE ABOVE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,   *
.\" DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR    *
.\" OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR    *
.\" THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.                               *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" Except as contained in this notice, the name(s) of the above copyright   *
.\" holders shall not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the     *
.\" sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written       *
.\" authorization.                                                           *
.\"***************************************************************************
.\"
.\" $Id: curs_trace.3x,v 1.20 2019/12/07 18:55:02 tom Exp $
.ie \n(.g .ds `` \(lq
.el       .ds `` ``
.ie \n(.g .ds '' \(rq
.el       .ds '' ''
.de bP
.ie n  .IP \(bu 4
.el    .IP \(bu 2
..
.TH curs_trace 3X ""
.na
.hy 0
.SH NAME
\fBcurses_trace\fR,
\fBtrace\fR,
\fB_tracef\fR,
\fB_traceattr\fR,
\fB_traceattr2\fR,
\fB_tracecchar_t\fR,
\fB_tracecchar_t2\fR,
\fB_tracechar\fR,
\fB_tracechtype\fR,
\fB_tracechtype2\fR,
\fB_nc_tracebits\fR,
\fB_tracedump\fR,
\fB_tracemouse\fR \- \fBcurses\fR debugging routines
.ad
.hy
.SH SYNOPSIS
\fB#include <curses.h>\fR
.sp
\fBunsigned curses_trace(const unsigned \fP\fIparam\fP\fB);\fR
.sp
\fBvoid _tracef(const char *\fP\fIformat\fP\fB, ...);\fR
.sp
\fBchar *_traceattr(attr_t \fP\fIattr\fP\fB);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_traceattr2(int \fP\fIbuffer\fP\fB, chtype \fP\fIch\fP\fB);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_tracecchar_t(const cchar_t *\fP\fIstring\fP\fB);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_tracecchar_t2(int \fP\fIbuffer\fP\fB, const cchar_t *\fP\fIstring\fP\fB);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_tracechar(int \fP\fIch\fP\fB);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_tracechtype(chtype \fP\fIch\fP\fB);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_tracechtype2(int \fP\fIbuffer\fP\fB, chtype \fP\fIch\fP\fB);\fR
.sp
\fBvoid _tracedump(const char *\fP\fIlabel\fP\fB, WINDOW *\fP\fIwin\fP\fB);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_nc_tracebits(void);\fR
.br
\fBchar *_tracemouse(const MEVENT *\fP\fIevent\fP\fB);\fR
.sp
/* deprecated */
.br
\fBvoid trace(const unsigned int \fP\fIparam\fP\fB);\fR
.SH DESCRIPTION
The \fIcurses trace\fR routines are used for debugging the ncurses libraries,
as well as applications which use the ncurses libraries.
Some limitations apply:
.bP
Aside from \fBcurses_trace\fP,
the other functions are normally available only with the debugging library
e.g., \fIlibncurses_g.a\fR.
.IP
All of the trace functions may be compiled into any model (shared, static,
profile) by defining the symbol \fBTRACE\fR.
.bP
Additionally, the functions which use \fBcchar_t\fP
are only available with the wide-character configuration of the libraries.
.SS Functions
The principal parts of this interface are
.bP
\fBcurses_trace\fR, which selectively enables different tracing features, and
.bP
\fB_tracef\fR, which writes formatted data to the \fItrace\fR file.
.IP
The other functions either return a pointer to a string-area
(allocated by the corresponding function), or return no value
(such as \fB_tracedump\fP,
which implements the screen dump for \fBTRACE_UPDATE\fP).
The caller should not free these strings,
since the allocation is reused on successive calls.
To work around the problem of a single string-area per function,
some use a buffer-number parameter, telling the library to allocate
additional string-areas.
.PP
The \fBcurses_trace\fR function is always available,
whether or not the other trace functions are available:
.bP
If tracing is available,
calling \fBcurses_trace\fR with a nonzero parameter
updates the trace mask,
and returns the previous trace mask.
.IP
When the trace mask is nonzero,
ncurses creates the file \*(``trace\*('' in the current directory for output.
If the file already exists, no tracing is done.
.bP
If tracing is not available, \fBcurses_trace\fP returns zero (0).
.SS Trace Parameter
The trace parameter is formed by OR'ing
values from the list of \fBTRACE_\fP\fIxxx\fR definitions in \fB<curses.h>\fR.
These include:
.TP 5
.B TRACE_DISABLE
turn off tracing by passing a zero parameter.
.IP
The library flushes the output file,
but retains an open file-descriptor to the trace file
so that it can resume tracing later if a nonzero parameter is passed
to the \fBcurses_trace\fP function.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_TIMES
trace user and system times of updates.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_TPUTS
trace \fBtputs\fP(3X) calls.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_UPDATE
trace update actions, old & new screens.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_MOVE
trace cursor movement and scrolling.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_CHARPUT
trace all character outputs.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_ORDINARY
trace all update actions.
The old and new screen contents are written to the trace file
for each refresh.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_CALLS
trace all curses calls.
The parameters for each call are traced, as well as return values.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_VIRTPUT
trace virtual character puts, i.e., calls to \fBaddch\fR.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_IEVENT
trace low-level input processing, including timeouts.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_BITS
trace state of TTY control bits.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_ICALLS
trace internal/nested calls.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_CCALLS
trace per-character calls.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_DATABASE
trace read/write of terminfo/termcap data.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_ATTRS
trace changes to video attributes and colors.
.TP 5
.B TRACE_MAXIMUM
maximum trace level, enables all of the separate trace features.
.PP
Some tracing features are enabled whenever the \fBcurses_trace\fR parameter
is nonzero.
Some features overlap.
The specific names are used as a guideline.
.SS Initialization
These functions check the \fBNCURSES_TRACE\fP environment variable,
to set the tracing feature as if \fBcurses_trace\fP was called:
.RS 4
.PP
.na
.hy 0
filter,
initscr,
new_prescr,
newterm,
nofilter,
restartterm,
ripoffline,
setupterm,
slk_init,
tgetent,
use_env,
use_extended_names,
use_tioctl
.hy
.ad
.RE
.SS Command-line Utilities
.PP
The command-line utilities such as \fBtic\fP(1) provide a verbose option
which extends the set of messages written using the \fBcurses_trace\fP function.
Both of these (\fB\-v\fP and \fBcurses_trace\fP)
use the same variable (\fB_nc_tracing\fP),
which determines the messages which are written.
.PP
Because the command-line utilities may call initialization functions
such as \fBsetupterm\fP, \fBtgetent\fP or \fBuse_extended_names\fP,
some of their debugging output may be directed to the \fItrace\fP file
if the \fBNCURSES_TRACE\fP environment variable is set:
.bP
messages produced in the utility are written to the standard error.
.bP
messages produced by the underlying library are written to \fItrace\fP.
.PP
If ncurses is built without tracing, none of the latter are produced,
and fewer diagnostics are provided by the command-line utilities.
.SH RETURN VALUE
Routines which return a value are designed to be used as parameters
to the \fB_tracef\fR routine.
.SH PORTABILITY
These functions are not part of the XSI interface.
Some other curses implementations are known to
have similar features,
but they are not compatible with ncurses:
.bP
SVr4 provided \fBtraceon\fP and \fBtraceoff\fP,
to control whether debugging information was written
to the \*(``trace\*('' file.
While the functions were always available,
this feature was only enabled
if \fBDEBUG\fP was defined when building the library.
.IP
The SVr4 tracing feature is undocumented.
.bP
PDCurses provides \fBtraceon\fP and \fBtraceoff\fP,
which (like SVr4) are always available,
and enable tracing
to the \*(``trace\*('' file
only when a debug-library is built.
.IP
PDCurses has a short description of these functions,
with a note that they are not present in X/Open Curses,
ncurses or NetBSD.
It does not mention SVr4,
but the functions' inclusion in a header file section
labeled \*(``Quasi-standard\*('' hints at the origin.
.bP
NetBSD does not provide functions for enabling/disabling traces.
It uses environment variables
\fBCURSES_TRACE_MASK\fP and
\fBCURSES_TRACE_FILE\fP to determine what is traced,
and where the results are written.
This is available only when a debug-library is built.
.IP
The NetBSD tracing feature is undocumented.
.PP
A few ncurses functions are not provided when symbol versioning is used:
.RS 4
.PP
_nc_tracebits,
_tracedump,
_tracemouse
.RE
.PP
The original \fBtrace\fP routine was deprecated because
it often conflicted with application names.
.SH SEE ALSO
\fBcurses\fR(3X).