aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/man/panel.3x
blob: 932ef48eef7d96c1cd7647fb29577b8d6c1c47cf (plain) (blame)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
.\"***************************************************************************
.\" Copyright 2018-2019,2020 Thomas E. Dickey                                *
.\" Copyright 1998-2016,2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.                  *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a  *
.\" copy of this software and associated documentation files (the            *
.\" "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including      *
.\" without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,      *
.\" distribute, distribute with modifications, sublicense, and/or sell       *
.\" copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is    *
.\" furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:                 *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included  *
.\" in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.                   *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS  *
.\" OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF               *
.\" MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.   *
.\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE ABOVE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,   *
.\" DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR    *
.\" OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR    *
.\" THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.                               *
.\"                                                                          *
.\" Except as contained in this notice, the name(s) of the above copyright   *
.\" holders shall not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the     *
.\" sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written       *
.\" authorization.                                                           *
.\"***************************************************************************
.\"
.\" $Id: panel.3x,v 1.39 2020/02/15 21:06:40 tom Exp $
.TH panel 3X ""
.ie \n(.g .ds `` \(lq
.el       .ds `` ``
.ie \n(.g .ds '' \(rq
.el       .ds '' ''
.de bP
.ie n  .IP \(bu 4
.el    .IP \(bu 2
..
.SH NAME
panel \- panel stack extension for curses
.SH SYNOPSIS
\fB#include <panel.h>\fR
.P
\fBcc [flags] sourcefiles \-lpanel \-lncurses\fR
.P
\fBPANEL *new_panel(WINDOW *\fIwin\fB);\fR
.sp
\fBint bottom_panel(PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.br
\fBint top_panel(PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.br
\fBint show_panel(PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.br
\fBvoid update_panels(void);\fR
.br
\fBint hide_panel(PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.sp
\fBWINDOW *panel_window(const PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.br
\fBint replace_panel(PANEL *\fIpan\fB, WINDOW *\fIwindow\fB);\fR
.br
\fBint move_panel(PANEL *\fIpan\fB, int \fIstarty\fB, int \fIstartx\fB);\fR
.br
\fBint panel_hidden(const PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.sp
\fBPANEL *panel_above(const PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.br
\fBPANEL *panel_below(const PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.sp
\fBint set_panel_userptr(PANEL *\fIpan\fB, const void *\fIptr\fB);\fR
.br
\fBconst void *panel_userptr(const PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.sp
\fBint del_panel(PANEL *\fIpan\fB);\fR
.sp
/* ncurses-extensions */
.br
\fBPANEL *ground_panel(SCREEN *\fIsp\fB);\fR
.br
\fBPANEL *ceiling_panel(SCREEN *\fIsp\fB);\fR
.br
.SH DESCRIPTION
Panels are \fBcurses\fR(3X) windows with the added feature of
depth.
Panel functions allow the use of stacked windows and ensure
the proper portions of each window and the curses \fBstdscr\fR window are
hidden or displayed when panels are added, moved, modified or removed.
The set of currently visible panels is the stack of panels.
The
\fBstdscr\fR window is beneath all panels, and is not considered part
of the stack.
.P
A window is associated with every panel.
The panel routines enable
you to create, move, hide, and show panels, as well as position a
panel at any desired location in the stack.
.P
Panel routines are a functional layer added to \fBcurses\fR(3X), make only
high-level curses calls, and work anywhere terminfo curses does.
.SH FUNCTIONS
.\" ---------
.SS bottom_panel
\fBbottom_panel(\fIpan\fB)\fR
puts panel \fIpan\fP at the bottom of all panels.
.\" ---------
.SS ceiling_panel
\fBceiling_panel(\fIsp\fB)\fR
acts like \fBpanel_below(NULL)\fP, for the given \fBSCREEN\fP \fIsp\fP.
.\" ---------
.SS del_panel
\fBdel_panel(\fIpan\fB)\fR
removes the given panel \fIpan\fP from the  stack and deallocates the
\fBPANEL\fR structure (but not its associated window).
.\" ---------
.SS ground_panel
\fBground_panel(\fIsp\fB)\fR
acts like \fBpanel_above(NULL)\fP, for the given \fBSCREEN\fP \fIsp\fP.
.\" ---------
.SS hide_panel
\fBhide_panel(\fIpan\fB)\fR
removes the given panel \fIpan\fP from the panel stack
and thus hides it from view.
The \fBPANEL\fR structure is not lost, merely removed from the stack.
.\" ---------
.SS move_panel
\fBmove_panel(\fIpan\fB,\fIstarty\fB,\fIstartx\fB)\fR
moves the given panel \fIpan\fP's window so that its upper-left corner is at
\fIstarty\fR, \fIstartx\fR.
It does not change the position of the panel in the stack.
Be sure to use this function, not \fBmvwin\fR(3X), to move a panel window.
.\" ---------
.SS new_panel
\fBnew_panel(\fIwin\fB)\fR allocates  a  \fBPANEL\fR structure,
associates it with \fIwin\fR, places the panel on the top of the stack
(causes  it to  be  displayed above any other panel) and returns a
pointer to the new panel.
.\" ---------
.SS panel_above
\fBpanel_above(\fIpan\fB)\fR
returns a pointer to the panel above \fIpan\fP.
If the panel argument is
\fB(PANEL *)0\fR, it returns a pointer to the bottom panel in the stack.
.\" ---------
.SS panel_below
\fBpanel_below(\fIpan\fB)\fR
returns a pointer to the panel just below \fIpan\fP.
If the panel argument
is \fB(PANEL *)0\fR, it returns a pointer to the top panel in the stack.
.\" ---------
.SS panel_hidden
\fBpanel_hidden(\fIpan\fB)\fR
returns \fBTRUE\fP if the panel \fIpan\fP is in the panel stack,
\fBFALSE\fP if it is not.
If the panel is a null pointer, return \fBERR\fP.
.\" ---------
.SS panel_userptr
\fBpanel_userptr(\fIpan\fB)\fR
returns the user pointer for a given panel \fIpan\fP.
.\" ---------
.SS panel_window
\fBpanel_window(\fIpan\fB)\fR
returns a pointer to the window of the given panel \fIpan\fP.
.\" ---------
.SS replace_panel
\fBreplace_panel(\fIpan\fB,\fIwindow\fB)\fR
replaces the current window of panel \fIpan\fP with \fIwindow\fR
This is useful, for example if you want to resize a panel.
In \fBncurses\fR, you can call \fBreplace_panel\fR
to resize a panel using a window resized with \fBwresize\fR(3X).
It does not change the position of the panel in the stack.
.\" ---------
.SS set_panel_userptr
\fBset_panel_userptr(\fIpan\fB,\fIptr\fB)\fR
sets the panel's user pointer.
.\" ---------
.SS show_panel
\fBshow_panel(\fIpan\fB)\fR
makes a hidden panel visible by placing it on top of the panels in the
panel stack.
See \fBCOMPATIBILITY\fP below.
.\" ---------
.SS top_panel
\fBtop_panel(\fIpan\fB)\fR
puts the given visible panel \fIpan\fP on top of all panels in the stack.
See \fBCOMPATIBILITY\fP below.
.\" ---------
.SS update_panels
\fBupdate_panels()\fR
refreshes the \fIvirtual screen\fP to reflect the relations between the
panels in the stack, but does not call \fBdoupdate\fP(3X) to refresh the
\fIphysical screen\fP.
Use this function and not \fBwrefresh\fP(3X) or \fBwnoutrefresh\fP(3X).
.PP
\fBupdate_panels\fP may be called more than once before a call to
\fBdoupdate\fP, but \fBdoupdate\fP is the function responsible for updating
the \fIphysical screen\fP.
.SH DIAGNOSTICS
Each routine that returns a pointer returns \fBNULL\fR if an error
occurs.
Each routine that returns an int value returns \fBOK\fR if it
executes successfully and \fBERR\fR if not.
.PP
Except as noted, the \fIpan\fP and \fIwindow\fP parameters must be non-null.
If those are null, an error is returned.
.PP
The \fBmove_panel\fP function uses \fBmvwin\fP(3X),
and will return an error if \fBmvwin\fP returns an error.
.SH COMPATIBILITY
Reasonable care has been taken to  ensure  compatibility
with  the  native  panel facility introduced in System V (inspection of
the SVr4 manual pages suggests the programming interface is unchanged).
The \fBPANEL\fR data structures are merely  similar.
The  programmer
is cautioned not to directly use \fBPANEL\fR fields.
.P
The functions \fBshow_panel\fR and \fBtop_panel\fR are identical
in this implementation, and work equally well with displayed or hidden
panels.
In the native System V implementation, \fBshow_panel\fR is
intended for making a hidden panel visible (at the top of the stack)
and \fBtop_panel\fR is intended for making an already-visible panel
move to the top of the stack.
You are cautioned to use the correct
function to ensure compatibility with native panel libraries.
.SH NOTE
In your library list, libpanel.a should be before libncurses.a; that is,
you should say \*(``\-lpanel \-lncurses\*('', not the other way around
(which would give a link-error with static libraries).
.SH PORTABILITY
.PP
The panel facility was documented in SVr4.2 in
\fICharacter User Interface Programming (UNIX SVR4.2)\fP.
.PP
It is not part of X/Open Curses.
.PP
A few implementations exist:
.bP
Systems based on SVr4 source code,
e.g., Solaris, provide this library.
.bP
\fBncurses\fP (since version 0.6 in 1993)
and \fBPDCurses\fP (since version 2.2 in 1995)
provide a panel library whose common ancestor
was a public domain implementation by Warren Tucker
published in \fIu386mon\fP 2.20 (1990).
.IP
According to Tucker, the SystemV panel library
was first released in SVr3.2 (1988),
and his implementation helped with a port to SVr3.1 (1987).
.IP
Several developers have improved each of these;
they are no longer the same as Tucker's implementation.
.bP
NetBSD 8 (2018)
has a panel library begun by Valery Ushakov in 2015.
This is based on the AT&T documentation.
.SH FILES
.P
panel.h
interface for the panels library
.P
libpanel.a
the panels library itself
.SH SEE ALSO
\fBcurses\fR(3X),
\fBcurs_variables\fR(3X),
.PP
This describes \fBncurses\fR
version @NCURSES_MAJOR@.@NCURSES_MINOR@ (patch @NCURSES_PATCH@).
.SH AUTHOR
.PP
Originally written by Warren Tucker <wht@n4hgf.mt-park.ga.us>,
primarily to assist in porting \fIu386mon\fP to systems without a native
panels library.
.PP
Repackaged for ncurses by Zeyd ben-Halim.
.PP
Juergen Pfeifer and Thomas E. Dickey revised/improved the library.