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.\" Copyright (c) 2015 EMC / Isilon Storage Division
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
.\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
.\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
.\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
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.\" $FreeBSD$
.\"
.Dd August 24, 2015
.Dt IOAT 4
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm I/OAT
.Nd Intel I/O Acceleration Technology
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Cd "device ioat"
In
.Xr loader.conf 5 :
.Pp
.Cd hw.ioat.force_legacy_interrupts=0
.Pp
In
.Xr loader.conf 5 or
.Xr sysctl.conf 5 :
.Pp
.Cd hw.ioat.enable_ioat_test=0
.Cd hw.ioat.debug_level=0
(only critical errors; maximum of 3)
.Pp
.Ft typedef void
.Fn (*bus_dmaengine_callback_t) "void *arg"
.Pp
.Ft bus_dmaengine_t
.Fn ioat_get_dmaengine "uint32_t channel_index"
.Ft void
.Fn ioat_acquire "bus_dmaengine_t dmaengine"
.Ft void
.Fn ioat_release "bus_dmaengine_t dmaengine"
.Ft struct bus_dmadesc *
.Fo ioat_copy
.Fa "bus_dmaengine_t dmaengine"
.Fa "bus_addr_t dst"
.Fa "bus_addr_t src"
.Fa "bus_size_t len"
.Fa "bus_dmaengine_callback_t callback_fn"
.Fa "void *callback_arg"
.Fa "uint32_t flags"
.Fc
.Ft struct bus_dmadesc *
.Fo ioat_null
.Fa "bus_dmaengine_t dmaengine"
.Fa "bus_dmaengine_callback_t callback_fn"
.Fa "void *callback_arg"
.Fa "uint32_t flags"
.Fc
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
driver provides a kernel API to a variety of DMA engines on some Intel server
platforms.
.Pp
There is a number of DMA channels per CPU package.
(Typically 4 or 8.)
Each may be used independently.
Operations on a single channel proceed sequentially.
.Pp
Copy operations may be used to offload memory copies to the DMA engines.
.Pp
Null operations do nothing, but may be used to test the interrupt and callback
mechanism.
.Pp
All operations can optionally trigger an interrupt at completion with the
.Ar DMA_EN_INT
flag.
For example, a user might submit multiple operations to the same channel and
only enable an interrupt and callback for the last operation.
.Sh USAGE
A typical user will lookup the DMA engine object for a given channel with
.Fn ioat_get_dmaengine .
When the user wants to offload a copy, they will first
.Fn ioat_acquire
the
.Ar bus_dmaengine_t
object for exclusive access to enqueue operations on that channel.
Then, they will submit one or more operations using
.Fn ioat_copy
or
.Fn ioat_null .
Finally, they will
.Fn ioat_release
the
.Ar bus_dmaengine_t
to drop their exclusive access to the channel.
The routine they provided for the
.Fa callback_fn
argument will be invoked with the provided
.Fa callback_arg
when the operation is complete.
.Pp
For an example of usage, see
.Pa src/sys/dev/ioat/ioat_test.c .
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -compat
.It Pa /dev/ioat_test
test device for
.Xr ioatcontrol 8
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ioatcontrol 8
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
driver first appeared in
.Fx 11.0 .
.Sh AUTHORS
The
.Nm
driver was developed by
.An \&Jim Harris Aq Mt jimharris@FreeBSD.org ,
and
.An \&Carl Delsey Aq Mt carl.r.delsey@intel.com .
This manual page was written by
.An \&Conrad Meyer Aq Mt cem@FreeBSD.org .
.Sh CAVEATS
Copy operation takes bus addresses as parameters, not virtual addresses.
.Pp
Copies larger than max transfer size (1MB) are not supported.
Future versions will likely support this by breaking up the transfer into
smaller sizes.
.Sh BUGS
The
.Nm
driver only supports copy and null operations at this time.
The driver does not yet support advanced DMA modes, such as XOR, that some
I/OAT devices support.