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path: root/sys/amd64/linux32/linux32_sysvec.c
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/*-
 * Copyright (c) 2004 Tim J. Robbins
 * Copyright (c) 2003 Peter Wemm
 * Copyright (c) 2002 Doug Rabson
 * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 Andrew Gallatin
 * Copyright (c) 1994-1996 Sren Schmidt
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
 *    in this position and unchanged.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
 *    derived from this software without specific prior written permission
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__FBSDID("$FreeBSD$");

/* XXX we use functions that might not exist. */
#include "opt_compat.h"
#include "opt_ia32.h"

#ifndef COMPAT_43
#error "Unable to compile Linux-emulator due to missing COMPAT_43 option!"
#endif
#ifndef IA32
#error "Unable to compile Linux-emulator due to missing IA32 option!"
#endif

#define	__ELF_WORD_SIZE	32

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/exec.h>
#include <sys/imgact.h>
#include <sys/imgact_elf.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/lock.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/module.h>
#include <sys/mutex.h>
#include <sys/proc.h>
#include <sys/signalvar.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#include <sys/syscallsubr.h>
#include <sys/sysent.h>
#include <sys/sysproto.h>
#include <sys/user.h>
#include <sys/vnode.h>

#include <vm/vm.h>
#include <vm/pmap.h>
#include <vm/vm_extern.h>
#include <vm/vm_map.h>
#include <vm/vm_object.h>
#include <vm/vm_page.h>
#include <vm/vm_param.h>

#include <machine/cpu.h>
#include <machine/md_var.h>
#include <machine/specialreg.h>

#include <amd64/linux32/linux.h>
#include <amd64/linux32/linux32_proto.h>
#include <compat/linux/linux_mib.h>
#include <compat/linux/linux_signal.h>
#include <compat/linux/linux_util.h>

MODULE_VERSION(linux, 1);
MODULE_DEPEND(linux, sysvmsg, 1, 1, 1);
MODULE_DEPEND(linux, sysvsem, 1, 1, 1);
MODULE_DEPEND(linux, sysvshm, 1, 1, 1);

MALLOC_DEFINE(M_LINUX, "linux", "Linux mode structures");

#define	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, id, val)	\
	do {				\
		suword32(pos++, id);	\
		suword32(pos++, val);	\
	} while (0)

#if BYTE_ORDER == LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define SHELLMAGIC      0x2123 /* #! */
#else
#define SHELLMAGIC      0x2321
#endif

/*
 * Allow the sendsig functions to use the ldebug() facility
 * even though they are not syscalls themselves. Map them
 * to syscall 0. This is slightly less bogus than using
 * ldebug(sigreturn).
 */
#define	LINUX_SYS_linux_rt_sendsig	0
#define	LINUX_SYS_linux_sendsig		0

extern char linux_sigcode[];
extern int linux_szsigcode;

extern struct sysent linux_sysent[LINUX_SYS_MAXSYSCALL];

SET_DECLARE(linux_ioctl_handler_set, struct linux_ioctl_handler);

static int	elf_linux_fixup(register_t **stack_base,
		    struct image_params *iparams);
static register_t *linux_copyout_strings(struct image_params *imgp);
static void	linux_prepsyscall(struct trapframe *tf, int *args, u_int *code,
		    caddr_t *params);
static void     linux_sendsig(sig_t catcher, int sig, sigset_t *mask,
		    u_long code);
static void	exec_linux_setregs(struct thread *td, u_long entry,
				   u_long stack, u_long ps_strings);
static void	linux32_fixlimits(struct image_params *imgp);

/*
 * Linux syscalls return negative errno's, we do positive and map them
 */
static int bsd_to_linux_errno[ELAST + 1] = {
	-0,  -1,  -2,  -3,  -4,  -5,  -6,  -7,  -8,  -9,
	-10, -35, -12, -13, -14, -15, -16, -17, -18, -19,
	-20, -21, -22, -23, -24, -25, -26, -27, -28, -29,
	-30, -31, -32, -33, -34, -11,-115,-114, -88, -89,
	-90, -91, -92, -93, -94, -95, -96, -97, -98, -99,
	-100,-101,-102,-103,-104,-105,-106,-107,-108,-109,
	-110,-111, -40, -36,-112,-113, -39, -11, -87,-122,
	-116, -66,  -6,  -6,  -6,  -6,  -6, -37, -38,  -9,
	-6, -6, -43, -42, -75, -6, -84
};

int bsd_to_linux_signal[LINUX_SIGTBLSZ] = {
	LINUX_SIGHUP, LINUX_SIGINT, LINUX_SIGQUIT, LINUX_SIGILL,
	LINUX_SIGTRAP, LINUX_SIGABRT, 0, LINUX_SIGFPE,
	LINUX_SIGKILL, LINUX_SIGBUS, LINUX_SIGSEGV, LINUX_SIGSYS,
	LINUX_SIGPIPE, LINUX_SIGALRM, LINUX_SIGTERM, LINUX_SIGURG,
	LINUX_SIGSTOP, LINUX_SIGTSTP, LINUX_SIGCONT, LINUX_SIGCHLD,
	LINUX_SIGTTIN, LINUX_SIGTTOU, LINUX_SIGIO, LINUX_SIGXCPU,
	LINUX_SIGXFSZ, LINUX_SIGVTALRM, LINUX_SIGPROF, LINUX_SIGWINCH,
	0, LINUX_SIGUSR1, LINUX_SIGUSR2
};

int linux_to_bsd_signal[LINUX_SIGTBLSZ] = {
	SIGHUP, SIGINT, SIGQUIT, SIGILL,
	SIGTRAP, SIGABRT, SIGBUS, SIGFPE,
	SIGKILL, SIGUSR1, SIGSEGV, SIGUSR2,
	SIGPIPE, SIGALRM, SIGTERM, SIGBUS,
	SIGCHLD, SIGCONT, SIGSTOP, SIGTSTP,
	SIGTTIN, SIGTTOU, SIGURG, SIGXCPU,
	SIGXFSZ, SIGVTALRM, SIGPROF, SIGWINCH,
	SIGIO, SIGURG, SIGSYS
};

#define LINUX_T_UNKNOWN  255
static int _bsd_to_linux_trapcode[] = {
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 0 */
	6,			/* 1  T_PRIVINFLT */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 2 */
	3,			/* 3  T_BPTFLT */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 4 */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 5 */
	16,			/* 6  T_ARITHTRAP */
	254,			/* 7  T_ASTFLT */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 8 */
	13,			/* 9  T_PROTFLT */
	1,			/* 10 T_TRCTRAP */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 11 */
	14,			/* 12 T_PAGEFLT */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 13 */
	17,			/* 14 T_ALIGNFLT */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 15 */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 16 */
	LINUX_T_UNKNOWN,	/* 17 */
	0,			/* 18 T_DIVIDE */
	2,			/* 19 T_NMI */
	4,			/* 20 T_OFLOW */
	5,			/* 21 T_BOUND */
	7,			/* 22 T_DNA */
	8,			/* 23 T_DOUBLEFLT */
	9,			/* 24 T_FPOPFLT */
	10,			/* 25 T_TSSFLT */
	11,			/* 26 T_SEGNPFLT */
	12,			/* 27 T_STKFLT */
	18,			/* 28 T_MCHK */
	19,			/* 29 T_XMMFLT */
	15			/* 30 T_RESERVED */
};
#define bsd_to_linux_trapcode(code) \
    ((code)<sizeof(_bsd_to_linux_trapcode)/sizeof(*_bsd_to_linux_trapcode)? \
     _bsd_to_linux_trapcode[(code)]: \
     LINUX_T_UNKNOWN)

struct linux32_ps_strings {
	u_int32_t ps_argvstr;	/* first of 0 or more argument strings */
	int	ps_nargvstr;	/* the number of argument strings */
	u_int32_t ps_envstr;	/* first of 0 or more environment strings */
	int	ps_nenvstr;	/* the number of environment strings */
};

/*
 * If FreeBSD & Linux have a difference of opinion about what a trap
 * means, deal with it here.
 *
 * MPSAFE
 */
static int
translate_traps(int signal, int trap_code)
{
	if (signal != SIGBUS)
		return signal;
	switch (trap_code) {
	case T_PROTFLT:
	case T_TSSFLT:
	case T_DOUBLEFLT:
	case T_PAGEFLT:
		return SIGSEGV;
	default:
		return signal;
	}
}

static int
elf_linux_fixup(register_t **stack_base, struct image_params *imgp)
{
	Elf32_Auxargs *args;
	Elf32_Addr *base;
	Elf32_Addr *pos;

	KASSERT(curthread->td_proc == imgp->proc &&
	    (curthread->td_proc->p_flag & P_SA) == 0,
	    ("unsafe elf_linux_fixup(), should be curproc"));
	base = (Elf32_Addr *)*stack_base;
	args = (Elf32_Auxargs *)imgp->auxargs;
	pos = base + (imgp->argc + imgp->envc + 2);

	if (args->trace)
		AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_DEBUG, 1);
	if (args->execfd != -1)
		AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_EXECFD, args->execfd);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_PHDR, args->phdr);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_PHENT, args->phent);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_PHNUM, args->phnum);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_PAGESZ, args->pagesz);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_FLAGS, args->flags);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_ENTRY, args->entry);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_BASE, args->base);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_UID, imgp->proc->p_ucred->cr_ruid);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_EUID, imgp->proc->p_ucred->cr_svuid);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_GID, imgp->proc->p_ucred->cr_rgid);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_EGID, imgp->proc->p_ucred->cr_svgid);
	AUXARGS_ENTRY_32(pos, AT_NULL, 0);

	free(imgp->auxargs, M_TEMP);
	imgp->auxargs = NULL;

	base--;
	suword32(base, (uint32_t)imgp->argc);
	*stack_base = (register_t *)base;
	return 0;
}

extern int _ucodesel, _ucode32sel, _udatasel;
extern unsigned long linux_sznonrtsigcode;

static void
linux_rt_sendsig(sig_t catcher, int sig, sigset_t *mask, u_long code)
{
	struct thread *td = curthread;
	struct proc *p = td->td_proc;
	struct sigacts *psp;
	struct trapframe *regs;
	struct l_rt_sigframe *fp, frame;
	int oonstack;

	PROC_LOCK_ASSERT(p, MA_OWNED);
	psp = p->p_sigacts;
	mtx_assert(&psp->ps_mtx, MA_OWNED);
	regs = td->td_frame;
	oonstack = sigonstack(regs->tf_rsp);

#ifdef DEBUG
	if (ldebug(rt_sendsig))
		printf(ARGS(rt_sendsig, "%p, %d, %p, %lu"),
		    catcher, sig, (void*)mask, code);
#endif
	/*
	 * Allocate space for the signal handler context.
	 */
	if ((td->td_pflags & TDP_ALTSTACK) && !oonstack &&
	    SIGISMEMBER(psp->ps_sigonstack, sig)) {
		fp = (struct l_rt_sigframe *)(td->td_sigstk.ss_sp +
		    td->td_sigstk.ss_size - sizeof(struct l_rt_sigframe));
	} else
		fp = (struct l_rt_sigframe *)regs->tf_rsp - 1;
	mtx_unlock(&psp->ps_mtx);

	/*
	 * Build the argument list for the signal handler.
	 */
	if (p->p_sysent->sv_sigtbl)
		if (sig <= p->p_sysent->sv_sigsize)
			sig = p->p_sysent->sv_sigtbl[_SIG_IDX(sig)];

	bzero(&frame, sizeof(frame));

	frame.sf_handler = PTROUT(catcher);
	frame.sf_sig = sig;
	frame.sf_siginfo = PTROUT(&fp->sf_si);
	frame.sf_ucontext = PTROUT(&fp->sf_sc);

	/* Fill in POSIX parts */
	frame.sf_si.lsi_signo = sig;
	frame.sf_si.lsi_code = code;
	frame.sf_si.lsi_addr = PTROUT(regs->tf_err);

	/*
	 * Build the signal context to be used by sigreturn.
	 */
	frame.sf_sc.uc_flags = 0;		/* XXX ??? */
	frame.sf_sc.uc_link = 0;		/* XXX ??? */

	frame.sf_sc.uc_stack.ss_sp = PTROUT(td->td_sigstk.ss_sp);
	frame.sf_sc.uc_stack.ss_size = td->td_sigstk.ss_size;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_stack.ss_flags = (td->td_pflags & TDP_ALTSTACK)
	    ? ((oonstack) ? LINUX_SS_ONSTACK : 0) : LINUX_SS_DISABLE;
	PROC_UNLOCK(p);

	bsd_to_linux_sigset(mask, &frame.sf_sc.uc_sigmask);

	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_mask   = frame.sf_sc.uc_sigmask.__bits[0];
        frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_gs     = rgs();
        frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_fs     = rfs();
        __asm __volatile("movl %%es,%0" :
	    "=rm" (frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_es));
        __asm __volatile("movl %%ds,%0" :
	    "=rm" (frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_ds));
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_edi    = regs->tf_rdi;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_esi    = regs->tf_rsi;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_ebp    = regs->tf_rbp;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_ebx    = regs->tf_rbx;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_edx    = regs->tf_rdx;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_ecx    = regs->tf_rcx;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_eax    = regs->tf_rax;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_eip    = regs->tf_rip;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_cs     = regs->tf_cs;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_eflags = regs->tf_rflags;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_esp_at_signal = regs->tf_rsp;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_ss     = regs->tf_ss;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_err    = regs->tf_err;
	frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_trapno = bsd_to_linux_trapcode(code);

#ifdef DEBUG
	if (ldebug(rt_sendsig))
		printf(LMSG("rt_sendsig flags: 0x%x, sp: %p, ss: 0x%x, mask: 0x%x"),
		    frame.sf_sc.uc_stack.ss_flags, td->td_sigstk.ss_sp,
		    td->td_sigstk.ss_size, frame.sf_sc.uc_mcontext.sc_mask);
#endif

	if (copyout(&frame, fp, sizeof(frame)) != 0) {
		/*
		 * Process has trashed its stack; give it an illegal
		 * instruction to halt it in its tracks.
		 */
#ifdef DEBUG
		if (ldebug(rt_sendsig))
			printf(LMSG("rt_sendsig: bad stack %p, oonstack=%x"),
			    fp, oonstack);
#endif
		PROC_LOCK(p);
		sigexit(td, SIGILL);
	}

	/*
	 * Build context to run handler in.
	 */
	regs->tf_rsp = PTROUT(fp);
	regs->tf_rip = LINUX32_PS_STRINGS - *(p->p_sysent->sv_szsigcode) +
	    linux_sznonrtsigcode;
	regs->tf_rflags &= ~PSL_T;
	regs->tf_cs = _ucode32sel;
	regs->tf_ss = _udatasel;
	load_ds(_udatasel);
	td->td_pcb->pcb_ds = _udatasel;
	load_es(_udatasel);
	td->td_pcb->pcb_es = _udatasel;
	PROC_LOCK(p);
	mtx_lock(&psp->ps_mtx);
}


/*
 * Send an interrupt to process.
 *
 * Stack is set up to allow sigcode stored
 * in u. to call routine, followed by kcall
 * to sigreturn routine below.  After sigreturn
 * resets the signal mask, the stack, and the
 * frame pointer, it returns to the user
 * specified pc, psl.
 */
static void
linux_sendsig(sig_t catcher, int sig, sigset_t *mask, u_long code)
{
	struct thread *td = curthread;
	struct proc *p = td->td_proc;
	struct sigacts *psp;
	struct trapframe *regs;
	struct l_sigframe *fp, frame;
	l_sigset_t lmask;
	int oonstack, i;

	PROC_LOCK_ASSERT(p, MA_OWNED);
	psp = p->p_sigacts;
	mtx_assert(&psp->ps_mtx, MA_OWNED);
	if (SIGISMEMBER(psp->ps_siginfo, sig)) {
		/* Signal handler installed with SA_SIGINFO. */
		linux_rt_sendsig(catcher, sig, mask, code);
		return;
	}

	regs = td->td_frame;
	oonstack = sigonstack(regs->tf_rsp);

#ifdef DEBUG
	if (ldebug(sendsig))
		printf(ARGS(sendsig, "%p, %d, %p, %lu"),
		    catcher, sig, (void*)mask, code);
#endif

	/*
	 * Allocate space for the signal handler context.
	 */
	if ((td->td_pflags & TDP_ALTSTACK) && !oonstack &&
	    SIGISMEMBER(psp->ps_sigonstack, sig)) {
		fp = (struct l_sigframe *)(td->td_sigstk.ss_sp +
		    td->td_sigstk.ss_size - sizeof(struct l_sigframe));
	} else
		fp = (struct l_sigframe *)regs->tf_rsp - 1;
	mtx_unlock(&psp->ps_mtx);
	PROC_UNLOCK(p);

	/*
	 * Build the argument list for the signal handler.
	 */
	if (p->p_sysent->sv_sigtbl)
		if (sig <= p->p_sysent->sv_sigsize)
			sig = p->p_sysent->sv_sigtbl[_SIG_IDX(sig)];

	bzero(&frame, sizeof(frame));

	frame.sf_handler = PTROUT(catcher);
	frame.sf_sig = sig;

	bsd_to_linux_sigset(mask, &lmask);

	/*
	 * Build the signal context to be used by sigreturn.
	 */
	frame.sf_sc.sc_mask   = lmask.__bits[0];
        frame.sf_sc.sc_gs     = rgs();
        frame.sf_sc.sc_fs     = rfs();
        __asm __volatile("movl %%es,%0" : "=rm" (frame.sf_sc.sc_es));
        __asm __volatile("movl %%ds,%0" : "=rm" (frame.sf_sc.sc_ds));
	frame.sf_sc.sc_edi    = regs->tf_rdi;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_esi    = regs->tf_rsi;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_ebp    = regs->tf_rbp;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_ebx    = regs->tf_rbx;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_edx    = regs->tf_rdx;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_ecx    = regs->tf_rcx;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_eax    = regs->tf_rax;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_eip    = regs->tf_rip;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_cs     = regs->tf_cs;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_eflags = regs->tf_rflags;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_esp_at_signal = regs->tf_rsp;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_ss     = regs->tf_ss;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_err    = regs->tf_err;
	frame.sf_sc.sc_trapno = bsd_to_linux_trapcode(code);

	for (i = 0; i < (LINUX_NSIG_WORDS-1); i++)
		frame.sf_extramask[i] = lmask.__bits[i+1];

	if (copyout(&frame, fp, sizeof(frame)) != 0) {
		/*
		 * Process has trashed its stack; give it an illegal
		 * instruction to halt it in its tracks.
		 */
		PROC_LOCK(p);
		sigexit(td, SIGILL);
	}

	/*
	 * Build context to run handler in.
	 */
	regs->tf_rsp = PTROUT(fp);
	regs->tf_rip = LINUX32_PS_STRINGS - *(p->p_sysent->sv_szsigcode);
	regs->tf_rflags &= ~PSL_T;
	regs->tf_cs = _ucode32sel;
	regs->tf_ss = _udatasel;
	load_ds(_udatasel);
	td->td_pcb->pcb_ds = _udatasel;
	load_es(_udatasel);
	td->td_pcb->pcb_es = _udatasel;
	PROC_LOCK(p);
	mtx_lock(&psp->ps_mtx);
}

/*
 * System call to cleanup state after a signal
 * has been taken.  Reset signal mask and
 * stack state from context left by sendsig (above).
 * Return to previous pc and psl as specified by
 * context left by sendsig. Check carefully to
 * make sure that the user has not modified the
 * psl to gain improper privileges or to cause
 * a machine fault.
 */
int
linux_sigreturn(struct thread *td, struct linux_sigreturn_args *args)
{
	struct proc *p = td->td_proc;
	struct l_sigframe frame;
	struct trapframe *regs;
	l_sigset_t lmask;
	int eflags, i;

	regs = td->td_frame;

#ifdef DEBUG
	if (ldebug(sigreturn))
		printf(ARGS(sigreturn, "%p"), (void *)args->sfp);
#endif
	/*
	 * The trampoline code hands us the sigframe.
	 * It is unsafe to keep track of it ourselves, in the event that a
	 * program jumps out of a signal handler.
	 */
	if (copyin(args->sfp, &frame, sizeof(frame)) != 0)
		return (EFAULT);

	/*
	 * Check for security violations.
	 */
#define	EFLAGS_SECURE(ef, oef)	((((ef) ^ (oef)) & ~PSL_USERCHANGE) == 0)
	eflags = frame.sf_sc.sc_eflags;
	/*
	 * XXX do allow users to change the privileged flag PSL_RF.  The
	 * cpu sets PSL_RF in tf_eflags for faults.  Debuggers should
	 * sometimes set it there too.  tf_eflags is kept in the signal
	 * context during signal handling and there is no other place
	 * to remember it, so the PSL_RF bit may be corrupted by the
	 * signal handler without us knowing.  Corruption of the PSL_RF
	 * bit at worst causes one more or one less debugger trap, so
	 * allowing it is fairly harmless.
	 */
	if (!EFLAGS_SECURE(eflags & ~PSL_RF, regs->tf_rflags & ~PSL_RF))
		return(EINVAL);

	/*
	 * Don't allow users to load a valid privileged %cs.  Let the
	 * hardware check for invalid selectors, excess privilege in
	 * other selectors, invalid %eip's and invalid %esp's.
	 */
#define	CS_SECURE(cs)	(ISPL(cs) == SEL_UPL)
	if (!CS_SECURE(frame.sf_sc.sc_cs)) {
		trapsignal(td, SIGBUS, T_PROTFLT);
		return(EINVAL);
	}

	lmask.__bits[0] = frame.sf_sc.sc_mask;
	for (i = 0; i < (LINUX_NSIG_WORDS-1); i++)
		lmask.__bits[i+1] = frame.sf_extramask[i];
	PROC_LOCK(p);
	linux_to_bsd_sigset(&lmask, &td->td_sigmask);
	SIG_CANTMASK(td->td_sigmask);
	signotify(td);
	PROC_UNLOCK(p);

	/*
	 * Restore signal context.
	 */
	/* Selectors were restored by the trampoline. */
	regs->tf_rdi    = frame.sf_sc.sc_edi;
	regs->tf_rsi    = frame.sf_sc.sc_esi;
	regs->tf_rbp    = frame.sf_sc.sc_ebp;
	regs->tf_rbx    = frame.sf_sc.sc_ebx;
	regs->tf_rdx    = frame.sf_sc.sc_edx;
	regs->tf_rcx    = frame.sf_sc.sc_ecx;
	regs->tf_rax    = frame.sf_sc.sc_eax;
	regs->tf_rip    = frame.sf_sc.sc_eip;
	regs->tf_cs     = frame.sf_sc.sc_cs;
	regs->tf_rflags = eflags;
	regs->tf_rsp    = frame.sf_sc.sc_esp_at_signal;
	regs->tf_ss     = frame.sf_sc.sc_ss;

	return (EJUSTRETURN);
}

/*
 * System call to cleanup state after a signal
 * has been taken.  Reset signal mask and
 * stack state from context left by rt_sendsig (above).
 * Return to previous pc and psl as specified by
 * context left by sendsig. Check carefully to
 * make sure that the user has not modified the
 * psl to gain improper privileges or to cause
 * a machine fault.
 */
int
linux_rt_sigreturn(struct thread *td, struct linux_rt_sigreturn_args *args)
{
	struct proc *p = td->td_proc;
	struct l_ucontext uc;
	struct l_sigcontext *context;
	l_stack_t *lss;
	stack_t ss;
	struct trapframe *regs;
	int eflags;

	regs = td->td_frame;

#ifdef DEBUG
	if (ldebug(rt_sigreturn))
		printf(ARGS(rt_sigreturn, "%p"), (void *)args->ucp);
#endif
	/*
	 * The trampoline code hands us the ucontext.
	 * It is unsafe to keep track of it ourselves, in the event that a
	 * program jumps out of a signal handler.
	 */
	if (copyin(args->ucp, &uc, sizeof(uc)) != 0)
		return (EFAULT);

	context = &uc.uc_mcontext;

	/*
	 * Check for security violations.
	 */
#define	EFLAGS_SECURE(ef, oef)	((((ef) ^ (oef)) & ~PSL_USERCHANGE) == 0)
	eflags = context->sc_eflags;
	/*
	 * XXX do allow users to change the privileged flag PSL_RF.  The
	 * cpu sets PSL_RF in tf_eflags for faults.  Debuggers should
	 * sometimes set it there too.  tf_eflags is kept in the signal
	 * context during signal handling and there is no other place
	 * to remember it, so the PSL_RF bit may be corrupted by the
	 * signal handler without us knowing.  Corruption of the PSL_RF
	 * bit at worst causes one more or one less debugger trap, so
	 * allowing it is fairly harmless.
	 */
	if (!EFLAGS_SECURE(eflags & ~PSL_RF, regs->tf_rflags & ~PSL_RF))
		return(EINVAL);

	/*
	 * Don't allow users to load a valid privileged %cs.  Let the
	 * hardware check for invalid selectors, excess privilege in
	 * other selectors, invalid %eip's and invalid %esp's.
	 */
#define	CS_SECURE(cs)	(ISPL(cs) == SEL_UPL)
	if (!CS_SECURE(context->sc_cs)) {
		trapsignal(td, SIGBUS, T_PROTFLT);
		return(EINVAL);
	}

	PROC_LOCK(p);
	linux_to_bsd_sigset(&uc.uc_sigmask, &td->td_sigmask);
	SIG_CANTMASK(td->td_sigmask);
	signotify(td);
	PROC_UNLOCK(p);

	/*
	 * Restore signal context
	 */
	/* Selectors were restored by the trampoline. */
	regs->tf_rdi    = context->sc_edi;
	regs->tf_rsi    = context->sc_esi;
	regs->tf_rbp    = context->sc_ebp;
	regs->tf_rbx    = context->sc_ebx;
	regs->tf_rdx    = context->sc_edx;
	regs->tf_rcx    = context->sc_ecx;
	regs->tf_rax    = context->sc_eax;
	regs->tf_rip    = context->sc_eip;
	regs->tf_cs     = context->sc_cs;
	regs->tf_rflags = eflags;
	regs->tf_rsp    = context->sc_esp_at_signal;
	regs->tf_ss     = context->sc_ss;

	/*
	 * call sigaltstack & ignore results..
	 */
	lss = &uc.uc_stack;
	ss.ss_sp = PTRIN(lss->ss_sp);
	ss.ss_size = lss->ss_size;
	ss.ss_flags = linux_to_bsd_sigaltstack(lss->ss_flags);

#ifdef DEBUG
	if (ldebug(rt_sigreturn))
		printf(LMSG("rt_sigret flags: 0x%x, sp: %p, ss: 0x%x, mask: 0x%x"),
		    ss.ss_flags, ss.ss_sp, ss.ss_size, context->sc_mask);
#endif
	(void)kern_sigaltstack(td, &ss, NULL);

	return (EJUSTRETURN);
}

/*
 * MPSAFE
 */
static void
linux_prepsyscall(struct trapframe *tf, int *args, u_int *code, caddr_t *params)
{
	args[0] = tf->tf_rbx;
	args[1] = tf->tf_rcx;
	args[2] = tf->tf_rdx;
	args[3] = tf->tf_rsi;
	args[4] = tf->tf_rdi;
	args[5] = tf->tf_rbp;	/* Unconfirmed */
	*params = NULL;		/* no copyin */
}

/*
 * If a linux binary is exec'ing something, try this image activator
 * first.  We override standard shell script execution in order to
 * be able to modify the interpreter path.  We only do this if a linux
 * binary is doing the exec, so we do not create an EXEC module for it.
 */
static int	exec_linux_imgact_try(struct image_params *iparams);

static int
exec_linux_imgact_try(struct image_params *imgp)
{
    const char *head = (const char *)imgp->image_header;
    int error = -1;

    /*
     * The interpreter for shell scripts run from a linux binary needs
     * to be located in /compat/linux if possible in order to recursively
     * maintain linux path emulation.
     */
    if (((const short *)head)[0] == SHELLMAGIC) {
	    /*
	     * Run our normal shell image activator.  If it succeeds attempt
	     * to use the alternate path for the interpreter.  If an alternate
	     * path is found, use our stringspace to store it.
	     */
	    if ((error = exec_shell_imgact(imgp)) == 0) {
		    char *rpath = NULL;

		    linux_emul_find(FIRST_THREAD_IN_PROC(imgp->proc), NULL,
			imgp->interpreter_name, &rpath, 0);
		    if (rpath != imgp->interpreter_name) {
			    int len = strlen(rpath) + 1;

			    if (len <= MAXSHELLCMDLEN) {
				    memcpy(imgp->interpreter_name, rpath, len);
			    }
			    free(rpath, M_TEMP);
		    }
	    }
    }
    return(error);
}

/*
 * Clear registers on exec
 * XXX copied from ia32_signal.c.
 */
static void
exec_linux_setregs(td, entry, stack, ps_strings)
	struct thread *td;
	u_long entry;
	u_long stack;
	u_long ps_strings;
{
	struct trapframe *regs = td->td_frame;
	struct pcb *pcb = td->td_pcb;

	wrmsr(MSR_FSBASE, 0);
	wrmsr(MSR_KGSBASE, 0);	/* User value while we're in the kernel */
	pcb->pcb_fsbase = 0;
	pcb->pcb_gsbase = 0;
	load_ds(_udatasel);
	load_es(_udatasel);
	load_fs(_udatasel);
	load_gs(0);
	pcb->pcb_ds = _udatasel;
	pcb->pcb_es = _udatasel;
	pcb->pcb_fs = _udatasel;
	pcb->pcb_gs = 0;

	bzero((char *)regs, sizeof(struct trapframe));
	regs->tf_rip = entry;
	regs->tf_rsp = stack;
	regs->tf_rflags = PSL_USER | (regs->tf_rflags & PSL_T);
	regs->tf_ss = _udatasel;
	regs->tf_cs = _ucode32sel;
	regs->tf_rbx = ps_strings;
	load_cr0(rcr0() | CR0_MP | CR0_TS);

	/* Return via doreti so that we can change to a different %cs */
	pcb->pcb_flags |= PCB_FULLCTX;
	td->td_retval[1] = 0;
}

/*
 * XXX copied from ia32_sysvec.c.
 */
static register_t *
linux_copyout_strings(struct image_params *imgp)
{
	int argc, envc;
	u_int32_t *vectp;
	char *stringp, *destp;
	u_int32_t *stack_base;
	struct linux32_ps_strings *arginfo;
	int sigcodesz;

	/*
	 * Calculate string base and vector table pointers.
	 * Also deal with signal trampoline code for this exec type.
	 */
	arginfo = (struct linux32_ps_strings *)LINUX32_PS_STRINGS;
	sigcodesz = *(imgp->proc->p_sysent->sv_szsigcode);
	destp =	(caddr_t)arginfo - sigcodesz - SPARE_USRSPACE -
		roundup((ARG_MAX - imgp->stringspace), sizeof(char *));

	/*
	 * install sigcode
	 */
	if (sigcodesz)
		copyout(imgp->proc->p_sysent->sv_sigcode,
			((caddr_t)arginfo - sigcodesz), szsigcode);

	/*
	 * If we have a valid auxargs ptr, prepare some room
	 * on the stack.
	 */
	if (imgp->auxargs) {
		/*
		 * 'AT_COUNT*2' is size for the ELF Auxargs data. This is for
		 * lower compatibility.
		 */
		imgp->auxarg_size = (imgp->auxarg_size) ? imgp->auxarg_size
			: (AT_COUNT * 2);
		/*
		 * The '+ 2' is for the null pointers at the end of each of
		 * the arg and env vector sets,and imgp->auxarg_size is room
		 * for argument of Runtime loader.
		 */
		vectp = (u_int32_t *) (destp - (imgp->argc + imgp->envc + 2 +
				       imgp->auxarg_size) * sizeof(u_int32_t));

	} else
		/*
		 * The '+ 2' is for the null pointers at the end of each of
		 * the arg and env vector sets
		 */
		vectp = (u_int32_t *)
			(destp - (imgp->argc + imgp->envc + 2) * sizeof(u_int32_t));

	/*
	 * vectp also becomes our initial stack base
	 */
	stack_base = vectp;

	stringp = imgp->stringbase;
	argc = imgp->argc;
	envc = imgp->envc;
	/*
	 * Copy out strings - arguments and environment.
	 */
	copyout(stringp, destp, ARG_MAX - imgp->stringspace);

	/*
	 * Fill in "ps_strings" struct for ps, w, etc.
	 */
	suword32(&arginfo->ps_argvstr, (u_int32_t)(intptr_t)vectp);
	suword32(&arginfo->ps_nargvstr, argc);

	/*
	 * Fill in argument portion of vector table.
	 */
	for (; argc > 0; --argc) {
		suword32(vectp++, (u_int32_t)(intptr_t)destp);
		while (*stringp++ != 0)
			destp++;
		destp++;
	}

	/* a null vector table pointer separates the argp's from the envp's */
	suword32(vectp++, 0);

	suword32(&arginfo->ps_envstr, (u_int32_t)(intptr_t)vectp);
	suword32(&arginfo->ps_nenvstr, envc);

	/*
	 * Fill in environment portion of vector table.
	 */
	for (; envc > 0; --envc) {
		suword32(vectp++, (u_int32_t)(intptr_t)destp);
		while (*stringp++ != 0)
			destp++;
		destp++;
	}

	/* end of vector table is a null pointer */
	suword32(vectp, 0);

	return ((register_t *)stack_base);
}

SYSCTL_NODE(_compat, OID_AUTO, linux32, CTLFLAG_RW, 0,
    "32-bit Linux emulation");

static u_long	linux32_maxdsiz = LINUX32_MAXDSIZ;
SYSCTL_ULONG(_compat_linux32, OID_AUTO, maxdsiz, CTLFLAG_RW,
    &linux32_maxdsiz, 0, "");
static u_long	linux32_maxssiz = LINUX32_MAXSSIZ;
SYSCTL_ULONG(_compat_linux32, OID_AUTO, maxssiz, CTLFLAG_RW,
    &linux32_maxssiz, 0, "");
static u_long	linux32_maxvmem = LINUX32_MAXVMEM;
SYSCTL_ULONG(_compat_linux32, OID_AUTO, maxvmem, CTLFLAG_RW,
    &linux32_maxvmem, 0, "");

/*
 * XXX copied from ia32_sysvec.c.
 */
static void
linux32_fixlimits(struct image_params *imgp)
{
	struct proc *p = imgp->proc;
	struct plimit *oldlim, *newlim;

	if (linux32_maxdsiz == 0 && linux32_maxssiz == 0 &&
	    linux32_maxvmem == 0)
		return;
	newlim = lim_alloc();
	PROC_LOCK(p);
	oldlim = p->p_limit;
	lim_copy(newlim, oldlim);
	if (linux32_maxdsiz != 0) {
		if (newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_DATA].rlim_cur > linux32_maxdsiz)
		    newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_DATA].rlim_cur = linux32_maxdsiz;
		if (newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_DATA].rlim_max > linux32_maxdsiz)
		    newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_DATA].rlim_max = linux32_maxdsiz;
	}
	if (linux32_maxssiz != 0) {
		if (newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_STACK].rlim_cur > linux32_maxssiz)
		    newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_STACK].rlim_cur = linux32_maxssiz;
		if (newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_STACK].rlim_max > linux32_maxssiz)
		    newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_STACK].rlim_max = linux32_maxssiz;
	}
	if (linux32_maxvmem != 0) {
		if (newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_VMEM].rlim_cur > linux32_maxvmem)
		    newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_VMEM].rlim_cur = linux32_maxvmem;
		if (newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_VMEM].rlim_max > linux32_maxvmem)
		    newlim->pl_rlimit[RLIMIT_VMEM].rlim_max = linux32_maxvmem;
	}
	p->p_limit = newlim;
	PROC_UNLOCK(p);
	lim_free(oldlim);
}

struct sysentvec elf_linux_sysvec = {
	LINUX_SYS_MAXSYSCALL,
	linux_sysent,
	0xff,
	LINUX_SIGTBLSZ,
	bsd_to_linux_signal,
	ELAST + 1,
	bsd_to_linux_errno,
	translate_traps,
	elf_linux_fixup,
	linux_sendsig,
	linux_sigcode,
	&linux_szsigcode,
	linux_prepsyscall,
	"Linux ELF32",
	elf32_coredump,
	exec_linux_imgact_try,
	LINUX_MINSIGSTKSZ,
	PAGE_SIZE,
	VM_MIN_ADDRESS,
	LINUX32_USRSTACK,
	LINUX32_USRSTACK,
	LINUX32_PS_STRINGS,
	VM_PROT_ALL,
	linux_copyout_strings,
	exec_linux_setregs,
	linux32_fixlimits
};

static Elf32_Brandinfo linux_brand = {
					ELFOSABI_LINUX,
					EM_386,
					"Linux",
					"/compat/linux",
					"/lib/ld-linux.so.1",
					&elf_linux_sysvec,
					NULL,
				 };

static Elf32_Brandinfo linux_glibc2brand = {
					ELFOSABI_LINUX,
					EM_386,
					"Linux",
					"/compat/linux",
					"/lib/ld-linux.so.2",
					&elf_linux_sysvec,
					NULL,
				 };

Elf32_Brandinfo *linux_brandlist[] = {
					&linux_brand,
					&linux_glibc2brand,
					NULL
				};

static int
linux_elf_modevent(module_t mod, int type, void *data)
{
	Elf32_Brandinfo **brandinfo;
	int error;
	struct linux_ioctl_handler **lihp;

	error = 0;

	switch(type) {
	case MOD_LOAD:
		for (brandinfo = &linux_brandlist[0]; *brandinfo != NULL;
		     ++brandinfo)
			if (elf32_insert_brand_entry(*brandinfo) < 0)
				error = EINVAL;
		if (error == 0) {
			SET_FOREACH(lihp, linux_ioctl_handler_set)
				linux_ioctl_register_handler(*lihp);
			if (bootverbose)
				printf("Linux ELF exec handler installed\n");
		} else
			printf("cannot insert Linux ELF brand handler\n");
		break;
	case MOD_UNLOAD:
		for (brandinfo = &linux_brandlist[0]; *brandinfo != NULL;
		     ++brandinfo)
			if (elf32_brand_inuse(*brandinfo))
				error = EBUSY;
		if (error == 0) {
			for (brandinfo = &linux_brandlist[0];
			     *brandinfo != NULL; ++brandinfo)
				if (elf32_remove_brand_entry(*brandinfo) < 0)
					error = EINVAL;
		}
		if (error == 0) {
			SET_FOREACH(lihp, linux_ioctl_handler_set)
				linux_ioctl_unregister_handler(*lihp);
			if (bootverbose)
				printf("Linux ELF exec handler removed\n");
			linux_mib_destroy();
		} else
			printf("Could not deinstall ELF interpreter entry\n");
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}
	return error;
}

static moduledata_t linux_elf_mod = {
	"linuxelf",
	linux_elf_modevent,
	0
};

DECLARE_MODULE(linuxelf, linux_elf_mod, SI_SUB_EXEC, SI_ORDER_ANY);