aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/sys/dev/netmap/netmap_kern.h
blob: bb0d3faae70611316b6e657eb75f3d61ff50dbc9 (plain) (blame)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
/*
 * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Matteo Landi, Luigi Rizzo. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *   1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *   2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*
 * $FreeBSD$
 * $Id: netmap_kern.h 11829 2012-09-26 04:06:34Z luigi $
 *
 * The header contains the definitions of constants and function
 * prototypes used only in kernelspace.
 */

#ifndef _NET_NETMAP_KERN_H_
#define _NET_NETMAP_KERN_H_

#define NETMAP_MEM2    // use the new memory allocator

#if defined(__FreeBSD__)
#define likely(x)	__builtin_expect(!!(x), 1)
#define unlikely(x)	__builtin_expect(!!(x), 0)

#define	NM_LOCK_T	struct mtx
#define	NM_SELINFO_T	struct selinfo
#define	MBUF_LEN(m)	((m)->m_pkthdr.len)
#define	NM_SEND_UP(ifp, m)	((ifp)->if_input)(ifp, m)
#elif defined (linux)
#define	NM_LOCK_T	spinlock_t
#define	NM_SELINFO_T	wait_queue_head_t
#define	MBUF_LEN(m)	((m)->len)
#define	NM_SEND_UP(ifp, m)	netif_rx(m)

#ifndef DEV_NETMAP
#define DEV_NETMAP
#endif

/*
 * IFCAP_NETMAP goes into net_device's priv_flags (if_capenable).
 * This was 16 bits up to linux 2.6.36, so we need a 16 bit value on older
 * platforms and tolerate the clash with IFF_DYNAMIC and IFF_BRIDGE_PORT.
 * For the 32-bit value, 0x100000 has no clashes until at least 3.5.1
 */
#if LINUX_VERSION_CODE < KERNEL_VERSION(2,6,37)
#define IFCAP_NETMAP	0x8000
#else
#define IFCAP_NETMAP	0x100000
#endif

#elif defined (__APPLE__)
#warning apple support is incomplete.
#define likely(x)	__builtin_expect(!!(x), 1)
#define unlikely(x)	__builtin_expect(!!(x), 0)
#define	NM_LOCK_T	IOLock *
#define	NM_SELINFO_T	struct selinfo
#define	MBUF_LEN(m)	((m)->m_pkthdr.len)
#define	NM_SEND_UP(ifp, m)	((ifp)->if_input)(ifp, m)

#else
#error unsupported platform
#endif

#define ND(format, ...)
#define D(format, ...)						\
	do {							\
		struct timeval __xxts;				\
		microtime(&__xxts);				\
		printf("%03d.%06d %s [%d] " format "\n",	\
		(int)__xxts.tv_sec % 1000, (int)__xxts.tv_usec,	\
		__FUNCTION__, __LINE__, ##__VA_ARGS__);		\
	} while (0)

/* rate limited, lps indicates how many per second */
#define RD(lps, format, ...)					\
	do {							\
		static int t0, __cnt;				\
		if (t0 != time_second) {			\
			t0 = time_second;			\
			__cnt = 0;				\
		}						\
		if (__cnt++ < lps)				\
			D(format, ##__VA_ARGS__);		\
	} while (0)

struct netmap_adapter;

/*
 * private, kernel view of a ring. Keeps track of the status of
 * a ring across system calls.
 *
 *	nr_hwcur	index of the next buffer to refill.
 *			It corresponds to ring->cur - ring->reserved
 *
 *	nr_hwavail	the number of slots "owned" by userspace.
 *			nr_hwavail =:= ring->avail + ring->reserved
 *
 * The indexes in the NIC and netmap rings are offset by nkr_hwofs slots.
 * This is so that, on a reset, buffers owned by userspace are not
 * modified by the kernel. In particular:
 * RX rings: the next empty buffer (hwcur + hwavail + hwofs) coincides with
 * 	the next empty buffer as known by the hardware (next_to_check or so).
 * TX rings: hwcur + hwofs coincides with next_to_send
 */
struct netmap_kring {
	struct netmap_ring *ring;
	u_int nr_hwcur;
	int nr_hwavail;
	u_int nr_kflags;	/* private driver flags */
#define NKR_PENDINTR	0x1	// Pending interrupt.
	u_int nkr_num_slots;

	int	nkr_hwofs;	/* offset between NIC and netmap ring */
	struct netmap_adapter *na;
	NM_SELINFO_T si;	/* poll/select wait queue */
	NM_LOCK_T q_lock;	/* used if no device lock available */
} __attribute__((__aligned__(64)));

/*
 * This struct extends the 'struct adapter' (or
 * equivalent) device descriptor. It contains all fields needed to
 * support netmap operation.
 */
struct netmap_adapter {
	/*
	 * On linux we do not have a good way to tell if an interface
	 * is netmap-capable. So we use the following trick:
	 * NA(ifp) points here, and the first entry (which hopefully
	 * always exists and is at least 32 bits) contains a magic
	 * value which we can use to detect that the interface is good.
	 */
	uint32_t magic;
	uint32_t na_flags;	/* future place for IFCAP_NETMAP */
#define NAF_SKIP_INTR	1	/* use the regular interrupt handler.
				 * useful during initialization
				 */
	int refcount; /* number of user-space descriptors using this
			 interface, which is equal to the number of
			 struct netmap_if objs in the mapped region. */
	/*
	 * The selwakeup in the interrupt thread can use per-ring
	 * and/or global wait queues. We track how many clients
	 * of each type we have so we can optimize the drivers,
	 * and especially avoid huge contention on the locks.
	 */
	int na_single;	/* threads attached to a single hw queue */
	int na_multi;	/* threads attached to multiple hw queues */

	int separate_locks; /* set if the interface suports different
			       locks for rx, tx and core. */

	u_int num_rx_rings; /* number of adapter receive rings */
	u_int num_tx_rings; /* number of adapter transmit rings */

	u_int num_tx_desc; /* number of descriptor in each queue */
	u_int num_rx_desc;

	/* tx_rings and rx_rings are private but allocated
	 * as a contiguous chunk of memory. Each array has
	 * N+1 entries, for the adapter queues and for the host queue.
	 */
	struct netmap_kring *tx_rings; /* array of TX rings. */
	struct netmap_kring *rx_rings; /* array of RX rings. */

	NM_SELINFO_T tx_si, rx_si;	/* global wait queues */

	/* copy of if_qflush and if_transmit pointers, to intercept
	 * packets from the network stack when netmap is active.
	 */
	int     (*if_transmit)(struct ifnet *, struct mbuf *);

	/* references to the ifnet and device routines, used by
	 * the generic netmap functions.
	 */
	struct ifnet *ifp; /* adapter is ifp->if_softc */

	NM_LOCK_T core_lock;	/* used if no device lock available */

	int (*nm_register)(struct ifnet *, int onoff);
	void (*nm_lock)(struct ifnet *, int what, u_int ringid);
	int (*nm_txsync)(struct ifnet *, u_int ring, int lock);
	int (*nm_rxsync)(struct ifnet *, u_int ring, int lock);

	int bdg_port;
#ifdef linux
	struct net_device_ops nm_ndo;
	int if_refcount;	// XXX additions for bridge
#endif /* linux */
};

/*
 * The combination of "enable" (ifp->if_capenable & IFCAP_NETMAP)
 * and refcount gives the status of the interface, namely:
 *
 *	enable	refcount	Status
 *
 *	FALSE	0		normal operation
 *	FALSE	!= 0		-- (impossible)
 *	TRUE	1		netmap mode
 *	TRUE	0		being deleted.
 */

#define NETMAP_DELETING(_na)  (  ((_na)->refcount == 0) &&	\
	( (_na)->ifp->if_capenable & IFCAP_NETMAP) )

/*
 * parameters for (*nm_lock)(adapter, what, index)
 */
enum {
	NETMAP_NO_LOCK = 0,
	NETMAP_CORE_LOCK, NETMAP_CORE_UNLOCK,
	NETMAP_TX_LOCK, NETMAP_TX_UNLOCK,
	NETMAP_RX_LOCK, NETMAP_RX_UNLOCK,
#ifdef __FreeBSD__
#define	NETMAP_REG_LOCK		NETMAP_CORE_LOCK
#define	NETMAP_REG_UNLOCK	NETMAP_CORE_UNLOCK
#else
	NETMAP_REG_LOCK, NETMAP_REG_UNLOCK
#endif
};

/*
 * The following are support routines used by individual drivers to
 * support netmap operation.
 *
 * netmap_attach() initializes a struct netmap_adapter, allocating the
 * 	struct netmap_ring's and the struct selinfo.
 *
 * netmap_detach() frees the memory allocated by netmap_attach().
 *
 * netmap_start() replaces the if_transmit routine of the interface,
 *	and is used to intercept packets coming from the stack.
 *
 * netmap_load_map/netmap_reload_map are helper routines to set/reset
 *	the dmamap for a packet buffer
 *
 * netmap_reset() is a helper routine to be called in the driver
 *	when reinitializing a ring.
 */
int netmap_attach(struct netmap_adapter *, int);
void netmap_detach(struct ifnet *);
int netmap_start(struct ifnet *, struct mbuf *);
enum txrx { NR_RX = 0, NR_TX = 1 };
struct netmap_slot *netmap_reset(struct netmap_adapter *na,
	enum txrx tx, int n, u_int new_cur);
int netmap_ring_reinit(struct netmap_kring *);

extern u_int netmap_buf_size;
#define NETMAP_BUF_SIZE	netmap_buf_size
extern int netmap_mitigate;
extern int netmap_no_pendintr;
extern u_int netmap_total_buffers;
extern char *netmap_buffer_base;
extern int netmap_verbose;	// XXX debugging
enum {                                  /* verbose flags */
	NM_VERB_ON = 1,                 /* generic verbose */
	NM_VERB_HOST = 0x2,             /* verbose host stack */
	NM_VERB_RXSYNC = 0x10,          /* verbose on rxsync/txsync */
	NM_VERB_TXSYNC = 0x20,
	NM_VERB_RXINTR = 0x100,         /* verbose on rx/tx intr (driver) */
	NM_VERB_TXINTR = 0x200,
	NM_VERB_NIC_RXSYNC = 0x1000,    /* verbose on rx/tx intr (driver) */
	NM_VERB_NIC_TXSYNC = 0x2000,
};

/*
 * NA returns a pointer to the struct netmap adapter from the ifp,
 * WNA is used to write it.
 */
#ifndef WNA
#define	WNA(_ifp)	(_ifp)->if_pspare[0]
#endif
#define	NA(_ifp)	((struct netmap_adapter *)WNA(_ifp))

/*
 * Macros to determine if an interface is netmap capable or netmap enabled.
 * See the magic field in struct netmap_adapter.
 */
#ifdef __FreeBSD__
/*
 * on FreeBSD just use if_capabilities and if_capenable.
 */
#define NETMAP_CAPABLE(ifp)	(NA(ifp) &&		\
	(ifp)->if_capabilities & IFCAP_NETMAP )

#define	NETMAP_SET_CAPABLE(ifp)				\
	(ifp)->if_capabilities |= IFCAP_NETMAP

#else	/* linux */

/*
 * on linux:
 * we check if NA(ifp) is set and its first element has a related
 * magic value. The capenable is within the struct netmap_adapter.
 */
#define	NETMAP_MAGIC	0x52697a7a

#define NETMAP_CAPABLE(ifp)	(NA(ifp) &&		\
	((uint32_t)(uintptr_t)NA(ifp) ^ NA(ifp)->magic) == NETMAP_MAGIC )

#define	NETMAP_SET_CAPABLE(ifp)				\
	NA(ifp)->magic = ((uint32_t)(uintptr_t)NA(ifp)) ^ NETMAP_MAGIC

#endif	/* linux */

#ifdef __FreeBSD__
/* Callback invoked by the dma machinery after a successfull dmamap_load */
static void netmap_dmamap_cb(__unused void *arg,
    __unused bus_dma_segment_t * segs, __unused int nseg, __unused int error)
{
}

/* bus_dmamap_load wrapper: call aforementioned function if map != NULL.
 * XXX can we do it without a callback ?
 */
static inline void
netmap_load_map(bus_dma_tag_t tag, bus_dmamap_t map, void *buf)
{
	if (map)
		bus_dmamap_load(tag, map, buf, NETMAP_BUF_SIZE,
		    netmap_dmamap_cb, NULL, BUS_DMA_NOWAIT);
}

/* update the map when a buffer changes. */
static inline void
netmap_reload_map(bus_dma_tag_t tag, bus_dmamap_t map, void *buf)
{
	if (map) {
		bus_dmamap_unload(tag, map);
		bus_dmamap_load(tag, map, buf, NETMAP_BUF_SIZE,
		    netmap_dmamap_cb, NULL, BUS_DMA_NOWAIT);
	}
}
#else /* linux */

/*
 * XXX How do we redefine these functions:
 *
 * on linux we need
 *	dma_map_single(&pdev->dev, virt_addr, len, direction)
 *	dma_unmap_single(&adapter->pdev->dev, phys_addr, len, direction
 * The len can be implicit (on netmap it is NETMAP_BUF_SIZE)
 * unfortunately the direction is not, so we need to change
 * something to have a cross API
 */
#define netmap_load_map(_t, _m, _b)
#define netmap_reload_map(_t, _m, _b)
#if 0
	struct e1000_buffer *buffer_info =  &tx_ring->buffer_info[l];
	/* set time_stamp *before* dma to help avoid a possible race */
	buffer_info->time_stamp = jiffies;
	buffer_info->mapped_as_page = false;
	buffer_info->length = len;
	//buffer_info->next_to_watch = l;
	/* reload dma map */
	dma_unmap_single(&adapter->pdev->dev, buffer_info->dma,
			NETMAP_BUF_SIZE, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
	buffer_info->dma = dma_map_single(&adapter->pdev->dev,
			addr, NETMAP_BUF_SIZE, DMA_TO_DEVICE);

	if (dma_mapping_error(&adapter->pdev->dev, buffer_info->dma)) {
		D("dma mapping error");
		/* goto dma_error; See e1000_put_txbuf() */
		/* XXX reset */
	}
	tx_desc->buffer_addr = htole64(buffer_info->dma); //XXX

#endif

/*
 * The bus_dmamap_sync() can be one of wmb() or rmb() depending on direction.
 */
#define bus_dmamap_sync(_a, _b, _c)

#endif /* linux */

/*
 * functions to map NIC to KRING indexes (n2k) and vice versa (k2n)
 */
static inline int
netmap_idx_n2k(struct netmap_kring *kr, int idx)
{
	int n = kr->nkr_num_slots;
	idx += kr->nkr_hwofs;
	if (idx < 0)
		return idx + n;
	else if (idx < n)
		return idx;
	else
		return idx - n;
}


static inline int
netmap_idx_k2n(struct netmap_kring *kr, int idx)
{
	int n = kr->nkr_num_slots;
	idx -= kr->nkr_hwofs;
	if (idx < 0)
		return idx + n;
	else if (idx < n)
		return idx;
	else
		return idx - n;
}


#ifdef NETMAP_MEM2
/* Entries of the look-up table. */
struct lut_entry {
	void *vaddr;		/* virtual address. */
	vm_paddr_t paddr;	/* phisical address. */
};

struct netmap_obj_pool;
extern struct lut_entry *netmap_buffer_lut;
#define NMB_VA(i)	(netmap_buffer_lut[i].vaddr)
#define NMB_PA(i)	(netmap_buffer_lut[i].paddr)
#else /* NETMAP_MEM1 */
#define NMB_VA(i)	(netmap_buffer_base + (i * NETMAP_BUF_SIZE) )
#endif /* NETMAP_MEM2 */

/*
 * NMB return the virtual address of a buffer (buffer 0 on bad index)
 * PNMB also fills the physical address
 */
static inline void *
NMB(struct netmap_slot *slot)
{
	uint32_t i = slot->buf_idx;
	return (unlikely(i >= netmap_total_buffers)) ?  NMB_VA(0) : NMB_VA(i);
}

static inline void *
PNMB(struct netmap_slot *slot, uint64_t *pp)
{
	uint32_t i = slot->buf_idx;
	void *ret = (i >= netmap_total_buffers) ? NMB_VA(0) : NMB_VA(i);
#ifdef NETMAP_MEM2
	*pp = (i >= netmap_total_buffers) ? NMB_PA(0) : NMB_PA(i);
#else
	*pp = vtophys(ret);
#endif
	return ret;
}

/* default functions to handle rx/tx interrupts */
int netmap_rx_irq(struct ifnet *, int, int *);
#define netmap_tx_irq(_n, _q) netmap_rx_irq(_n, _q, NULL)

extern int netmap_copy;
#endif /* _NET_NETMAP_KERN_H_ */