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path: root/sys/kern/kern_dump.c
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/*-
 * Copyright (c) 2002 Marcel Moolenaar
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__FBSDID("$FreeBSD$");

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/conf.h>
#include <sys/cons.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/proc.h>
#include <sys/kerneldump.h>
#include <sys/watchdog.h>
#include <vm/vm.h>
#include <vm/vm_param.h>
#include <vm/vm_page.h>
#include <vm/vm_phys.h>
#include <vm/pmap.h>
#include <machine/dump.h>
#include <machine/elf.h>
#include <machine/md_var.h>
#include <machine/pcb.h>

CTASSERT(sizeof(struct kerneldumpheader) == 512);

#define	MD_ALIGN(x)	roundup2((off_t)(x), PAGE_SIZE)

/* Handle buffered writes. */
static size_t fragsz;

struct dump_pa dump_map[DUMPSYS_MD_PA_NPAIRS];

#if !defined(__powerpc__)
void
dumpsys_gen_pa_init(void)
{
	int n, idx;

	bzero(dump_map, sizeof(dump_map));
	for (n = 0; n < nitems(dump_map); n++) {
		idx = n * 2;
		if (dump_avail[idx] == 0 && dump_avail[idx + 1] == 0)
			break;
		dump_map[n].pa_start = dump_avail[idx];
		dump_map[n].pa_size = dump_avail[idx + 1] - dump_avail[idx];
	}
}
#endif

struct dump_pa *
dumpsys_gen_pa_next(struct dump_pa *mdp)
{

	if (mdp == NULL)
		return (&dump_map[0]);

	mdp++;
	if (mdp->pa_size == 0)
		mdp = NULL;
	return (mdp);
}

void
dumpsys_gen_wbinv_all(void)
{

}

void
dumpsys_gen_unmap_chunk(vm_paddr_t pa __unused, size_t chunk __unused,
    void *va __unused)
{

}

int
dumpsys_gen_write_aux_headers(struct dumperinfo *di)
{

	return (0);
}

int
dumpsys_buf_seek(struct dumperinfo *di, size_t sz)
{
	static uint8_t buf[DEV_BSIZE];
	size_t nbytes;
	int error;

	bzero(buf, sizeof(buf));

	while (sz > 0) {
		nbytes = MIN(sz, sizeof(buf));

		error = dump_append(di, buf, 0, nbytes);
		if (error)
			return (error);
		sz -= nbytes;
	}

	return (0);
}

int
dumpsys_buf_write(struct dumperinfo *di, char *ptr, size_t sz)
{
	size_t len;
	int error;

	while (sz) {
		len = di->blocksize - fragsz;
		if (len > sz)
			len = sz;
		memcpy((char *)di->blockbuf + fragsz, ptr, len);
		fragsz += len;
		ptr += len;
		sz -= len;
		if (fragsz == di->blocksize) {
			error = dump_append(di, di->blockbuf, 0, di->blocksize);
			if (error)
				return (error);
			fragsz = 0;
		}
	}
	return (0);
}

int
dumpsys_buf_flush(struct dumperinfo *di)
{
	int error;

	if (fragsz == 0)
		return (0);

	error = dump_append(di, di->blockbuf, 0, di->blocksize);
	fragsz = 0;
	return (error);
}

CTASSERT(PAGE_SHIFT < 20);
#define PG2MB(pgs) ((pgs + (1 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT)) - 1) >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT))

int
dumpsys_cb_dumpdata(struct dump_pa *mdp, int seqnr, void *arg)
{
	struct dumperinfo *di = (struct dumperinfo*)arg;
	vm_paddr_t pa;
	void *va;
	uint64_t pgs;
	size_t counter, sz, chunk;
	int c, error;
	u_int maxdumppgs;

	error = 0;	/* catch case in which chunk size is 0 */
	counter = 0;	/* Update twiddle every 16MB */
	va = NULL;
	pgs = mdp->pa_size / PAGE_SIZE;
	pa = mdp->pa_start;
	maxdumppgs = min(di->maxiosize / PAGE_SIZE, MAXDUMPPGS);
	if (maxdumppgs == 0)	/* seatbelt */
		maxdumppgs = 1;

	printf("  chunk %d: %juMB (%ju pages)", seqnr, (uintmax_t)PG2MB(pgs),
	    (uintmax_t)pgs);

	dumpsys_wbinv_all();
	while (pgs) {
		chunk = pgs;
		if (chunk > maxdumppgs)
			chunk = maxdumppgs;
		sz = chunk << PAGE_SHIFT;
		counter += sz;
		if (counter >> 24) {
			printf(" %ju", (uintmax_t)PG2MB(pgs));
			counter &= (1 << 24) - 1;
		}

		dumpsys_map_chunk(pa, chunk, &va);
		wdog_kern_pat(WD_LASTVAL);

		error = dump_append(di, va, 0, sz);
		dumpsys_unmap_chunk(pa, chunk, va);
		if (error)
			break;
		pgs -= chunk;
		pa += sz;

		/* Check for user abort. */
		c = cncheckc();
		if (c == 0x03)
			return (ECANCELED);
		if (c != -1)
			printf(" (CTRL-C to abort) ");
	}
	printf(" ... %s\n", (error) ? "fail" : "ok");
	return (error);
}

int
dumpsys_foreach_chunk(dumpsys_callback_t cb, void *arg)
{
	struct dump_pa *mdp;
	int error, seqnr;

	seqnr = 0;
	mdp = dumpsys_pa_next(NULL);
	while (mdp != NULL) {
		error = (*cb)(mdp, seqnr++, arg);
		if (error)
			return (-error);
		mdp = dumpsys_pa_next(mdp);
	}
	return (seqnr);
}

static off_t fileofs;

static int
cb_dumphdr(struct dump_pa *mdp, int seqnr, void *arg)
{
	struct dumperinfo *di = (struct dumperinfo*)arg;
	Elf_Phdr phdr;
	uint64_t size;
	int error;

	size = mdp->pa_size;
	bzero(&phdr, sizeof(phdr));
	phdr.p_type = PT_LOAD;
	phdr.p_flags = PF_R;			/* XXX */
	phdr.p_offset = fileofs;
#ifdef __powerpc__
	phdr.p_vaddr = (do_minidump? mdp->pa_start : ~0L);
	phdr.p_paddr = (do_minidump? ~0L : mdp->pa_start);
#else
	phdr.p_vaddr = mdp->pa_start;
	phdr.p_paddr = mdp->pa_start;
#endif
	phdr.p_filesz = size;
	phdr.p_memsz = size;
	phdr.p_align = PAGE_SIZE;

	error = dumpsys_buf_write(di, (char*)&phdr, sizeof(phdr));
	fileofs += phdr.p_filesz;
	return (error);
}

static int
cb_size(struct dump_pa *mdp, int seqnr, void *arg)
{
	uint64_t *sz;

	sz = (uint64_t *)arg;
	*sz += (uint64_t)mdp->pa_size;
	return (0);
}

int
dumpsys_generic(struct dumperinfo *di)
{
	static struct kerneldumpheader kdh;
	Elf_Ehdr ehdr;
	uint64_t dumpsize;
	off_t hdrgap;
	size_t hdrsz;
	int error;

#if !defined(__powerpc__) || defined(__powerpc64__)
	if (do_minidump)
		return (minidumpsys(di));
#endif

	bzero(&ehdr, sizeof(ehdr));
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG0] = ELFMAG0;
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG1] = ELFMAG1;
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG2] = ELFMAG2;
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG3] = ELFMAG3;
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_CLASS] = ELF_CLASS;
#if BYTE_ORDER == LITTLE_ENDIAN
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELFDATA2LSB;
#else
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELFDATA2MSB;
#endif
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_VERSION] = EV_CURRENT;
	ehdr.e_ident[EI_OSABI] = ELFOSABI_STANDALONE;	/* XXX big picture? */
	ehdr.e_type = ET_CORE;
	ehdr.e_machine = EM_VALUE;
	ehdr.e_phoff = sizeof(ehdr);
	ehdr.e_flags = 0;
	ehdr.e_ehsize = sizeof(ehdr);
	ehdr.e_phentsize = sizeof(Elf_Phdr);
	ehdr.e_shentsize = sizeof(Elf_Shdr);

	dumpsys_pa_init();

	/* Calculate dump size. */
	dumpsize = 0L;
	ehdr.e_phnum = dumpsys_foreach_chunk(cb_size, &dumpsize) +
	    DUMPSYS_NUM_AUX_HDRS;
	hdrsz = ehdr.e_phoff + ehdr.e_phnum * ehdr.e_phentsize;
	fileofs = MD_ALIGN(hdrsz);
	dumpsize += fileofs;
	hdrgap = fileofs - roundup2((off_t)hdrsz, di->blocksize);

	dump_init_header(di, &kdh, KERNELDUMPMAGIC, KERNELDUMP_ARCH_VERSION,
	    dumpsize);

	error = dump_start(di, &kdh);
	if (error != 0)
		goto fail;

	printf("Dumping %ju MB (%d chunks)\n", (uintmax_t)dumpsize >> 20,
	    ehdr.e_phnum - DUMPSYS_NUM_AUX_HDRS);

	/* Dump ELF header */
	error = dumpsys_buf_write(di, (char*)&ehdr, sizeof(ehdr));
	if (error)
		goto fail;

	/* Dump program headers */
	error = dumpsys_foreach_chunk(cb_dumphdr, di);
	if (error < 0)
		goto fail;
	error = dumpsys_write_aux_headers(di);
	if (error < 0)
		goto fail;
	dumpsys_buf_flush(di);

	/*
	 * All headers are written using blocked I/O, so we know the
	 * current offset is (still) block aligned. Skip the alignement
	 * in the file to have the segment contents aligned at page
	 * boundary.
	 */
	error = dumpsys_buf_seek(di, (size_t)hdrgap);
	if (error)
		goto fail;

	/* Dump memory chunks. */
	error = dumpsys_foreach_chunk(dumpsys_cb_dumpdata, di);
	if (error < 0)
		goto fail;

	error = dump_finish(di, &kdh);
	if (error != 0)
		goto fail;

	printf("\nDump complete\n");
	return (0);

 fail:
	if (error < 0)
		error = -error;

	if (error == ECANCELED)
		printf("\nDump aborted\n");
	else if (error == E2BIG || error == ENOSPC)
		printf("\nDump failed. Partition too small.\n");
	else
		printf("\n** DUMP FAILED (ERROR %d) **\n", error);
	return (error);
}