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authorDru Lavigne <dru@FreeBSD.org>2014-02-12 19:08:16 +0000
committerDru Lavigne <dru@FreeBSD.org>2014-02-12 19:08:16 +0000
commit556c8c3a516fe01664e67d0a5d47e410057ed3ca (patch)
treecf4312551ebf2e0df8112f937a957f155c4fffe8 /en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors
parent3432ca0e570efd696164bed7f96508683cf53f94 (diff)
downloaddoc-556c8c3a516fe01664e67d0a5d47e410057ed3ca.tar.gz
doc-556c8c3a516fe01664e67d0a5d47e410057ed3ca.zip
First pass at improving the flow of this chapter.
More commits to come. Sponsored by: iXsystems
Notes
Notes: svn path=/head/; revision=43885
Diffstat (limited to 'en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors')
-rw-r--r--en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors/chapter.xml290
1 files changed, 118 insertions, 172 deletions
diff --git a/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors/chapter.xml b/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors/chapter.xml
index 1f79db114e..657a35adac 100644
--- a/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors/chapter.xml
+++ b/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors/chapter.xml
@@ -84,26 +84,26 @@
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="mirrors-ftp">
- <title>FTP Sites</title>
+ <title><acronym>FTP</acronym> Sites</title>
<para>The official sources for &os; are available via anonymous
- FTP from a worldwide set of mirror sites. The site
+ <acronym>FTP</acronym> from a worldwide set of mirror sites. The site
<uri xlink:href="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/</uri> is well
connected and allows a large number of connections to it, but
you are probably better off finding a <quote>closer</quote>
mirror site (especially if you decide to set up some sort of
mirror site).</para>
- <para>Additionally, &os; is available via anonymous FTP from the
+ <para>Additionally, &os; is available via anonymous <acronym>FTP</acronym> from the
following mirror sites. If you choose to obtain &os; via
- anonymous FTP, please try to use a site near you. The mirror
+ anonymous <acronym>FTP</acronym>, please try to use a site near you. The mirror
sites listed as <quote>Primary Mirror Sites</quote> typically
have the entire &os; archive (all the currently available
versions for each of the architectures) but you will probably
have faster download times from a site that is in your country
or region. The regional sites carry the most recent versions
for the most popular architecture(s) but might not carry the
- entire &os; archive. All sites provide access via anonymous FTP
+ entire &os; archive. All sites provide access via anonymous <acronym>FTP</acronym>
but some sites also provide access via other methods. The
access methods available for each site are provided in
parentheses after the hostname.</para>
@@ -138,99 +138,117 @@
</indexterm>
<para><application>CTM</application> is a method for keeping a
- remote directory tree in sync with a central one. It has been
- developed for usage with &os;'s source trees, though other
- people may find it useful for other purposes as time goes by.
- Little, if any, documentation currently exists at this time on
- the process of creating deltas, so contact the
- &a.ctm-users.name; mailing list for more information and if you
- wish to use <application>CTM</application> for other
- things.</para>
-
- <sect2>
- <title>Why Should I Use <application>CTM</application>?</title>
-
- <para><application>CTM</application> will give you a local copy
- of the &os; source trees. There are a number of
- <quote>flavors</quote> of the tree available. Whether you
- wish to track the entire CVS tree or just one of the branches,
- <application>CTM</application> can provide you the
- information. If you are an active developer on &os;, but have
- lousy or non-existent TCP/IP connectivity, or simply wish to
- have the changes automatically sent to you,
- <application>CTM</application> was made for you. You will
- need to obtain up to three deltas per day for the most active
- branches. However, you should consider having them sent by
- automatic email. The sizes of the updates are always kept as
- small as possible. This is typically less than 5K, with an
- occasional (one in ten) being 10-50K and every now and then a
- large 100K+ or more coming around.</para>
-
- <para>You will also need to make yourself aware of the various
+ remote directory tree in sync with a central one. It is built into &os;
+ and can be used to synchronize a system with &os;'s source repositories.
+ It supports synchronization of an entire repository or just the specified branches.</para>
+
+ <para><application>CTM</application> is specifically designed for use on
+ lousy or non-existent TCP/IP connections. It provides the ability
+ for changes to be automatically sent by email. It requires the user
+ to obtain up to three deltas per day for the most active
+ branches. Update sizes are always kept as
+ small as possible and are typically less than 5K. About one in very ten
+ update is 10-50K in size and rarely there will be an update
+ larger than 100K+.</para>
+
+ <para>When using <application>CTM</application> to track &os; development,
+ refer to the
caveats related to working directly from the development
- sources rather than a pre-packaged release. This is
- particularly true if you choose the <quote>current</quote>
- sources. It is recommended that you read <link linkend="current">Staying current with &os;</link>.</para>
- </sect2>
+ sources rather than a pre-packaged release. These are discussed
+ in <link linkend="current-stable">Tracking a Development Branch</link>.</para>
- <sect2>
- <title>What Do I Need to Use
- <application>CTM</application>?</title>
+ <para>Little documentation exists on
+ the process of creating deltas or using <application>CTM</application>
+ for other purposes. Contact the
+ &a.ctm-users.name; mailing list for questions on using
+ <application>CTM</application>.</para>
- <para>You will need two things: The
- <application>CTM</application> program, and the initial deltas
- to feed it (to get up to <quote>current</quote>
- levels).</para>
+ <sect2 xml:id="mirrors-ctm">
+ <title>Getting Deltas</title>
+
+ <para>The <quote>deltas</quote> used by
+ <application>CTM</application> can be obtained either through
+ anonymous <acronym>FTP</acronym> or
+ email.</para>
+
+ <para><acronym>FTP</acronym> deltas can be obtained from the following mirror sites.
+ Download the relevant directory and read its
+ <filename>README</filename>. When using anonymous <acronym>FTP</acronym> to obtain <application>CTM</application> deltas,
+ select a geographically close mirror.
+ In case of problems, contact the &a.ctm-users.name;
+ mailing list.</para>
- <para>The <application>CTM</application> program has been part
- of &os; ever since version 2.0 was released, and lives in
- <filename>/usr/src/usr.sbin/ctm</filename> if you have a copy
- of the source available.</para>
+ <variablelist>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>California, Bay Area, official source</term>
- <para>The <quote>deltas</quote> you feed
- <application>CTM</application> can be had two ways, FTP or
- email. If you have general FTP access to the Internet then
- the following FTP sites support access to
- <application>CTM</application>:</para>
+ <listitem>
+ <itemizedlist>
+ <listitem>
+ <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
+ </listitem>
+ <listitem>
+ <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</uri></para>
+ </listitem>
+ </itemizedlist>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
- <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</uri></para>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>South Africa, backup server for old deltas</term>
- <para>or see section <link linkend="mirrors-ctm">mirrors</link>.</para>
+ <listitem>
+ <itemizedlist>
+ <listitem>
+ <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</uri></para>
+ </listitem>
+ </itemizedlist>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
- <para>FTP the relevant directory and fetch the
- <filename>README</filename> file, starting from there.</para>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term>Taiwan/R.O.C.</term>
+
+ <listitem>
+ <itemizedlist>
+ <listitem>
+ <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ctm.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ctm.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
+ </listitem>
+
+ <listitem>
+ <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ctm2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ctm2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
+ </listitem>
- <para>If you wish to get your deltas via email:</para>
+ <listitem>
+ <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ctm3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ctm3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
+ </listitem>
+ </itemizedlist>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ </variablelist>
- <para>Subscribe to one of the
+ <para>To instead receive deltas through email, subscribe to one of the
<application>CTM</application> distribution lists.
- &a.ctm-src-cur.name; supports the entire Subversion tree.
- &a.ctm-src-cur.name; supports the head of the development
- branch. &a.ctm-src-9.name; supports the 9.X release branch,
- etc.. (If you do not know how to subscribe yourself to a
- list, click on the list name above or go to
- &a.mailman.lists.link; and click on the list that you wish to
- subscribe to. The list page should contain all of the
- necessary subscription instructions.)</para>
-
- <para>When you begin receiving your
- <application>CTM</application> updates in the mail, you may
- use the <command>ctm_rmail</command> program to unpack and
- apply them. You can actually use the
- <command>ctm_rmail</command> program directly from a entry in
- <filename>/etc/aliases</filename> if you want to have the
- process run in a fully automated fashion. Check the
- <command>ctm_rmail</command> manual page for more
+ &a.ctm-src-cur.name; supports the entire source tree,
+ &a.ctm-src-cur.name; supports the HEAD of the development
+ branch, and &a.ctm-src-9.name; supports the 9.X release branch.</para>
+
+ <para>As
+ <application>CTM</application> updates arrive through email,
+ use <command>ctm_rmail</command> to unpack and
+ apply them. This command can be run directly from an entry in
+ <filename>/etc/aliases</filename> in order to
+ automate this process. Refer to
+ &man.ctm.rmail.1; for more
details.</para>
<note>
- <para>No matter what method you use to get the
- <application>CTM</application> deltas, you should subscribe
- to the &a.ctm-announce.name; mailing list. In the future,
- this will be the only place where announcements concerning
- the operations of the <application>CTM</application> system
- will be posted. Click on the list name above and follow the
- instructions to subscribe to the list.</para>
+ <para>Regardless of the method which is used to get deltas,
+ <application>CTM</application> users should subscribe
+ to the &a.ctm-announce.name; mailing list as
+ this is the only place where announcements concerning
+ the operation of the <application>CTM</application> system
+ are posted.</para>
</note>
</sect2>
@@ -238,18 +256,11 @@
<title>Using <application>CTM</application> for the First
Time</title>
- <para>Before you can start using <application>CTM</application>
- deltas, you will need to get to a starting point for the
- deltas produced subsequently to it.</para>
-
- <para>First you should determine what you already have.
- Everyone can start from an <quote>empty</quote> directory.
- You must use an initial <quote>Empty</quote> delta to start
- off your <application>CTM</application> supported tree. At
- some point it is intended that one of these
- <quote>started</quote> deltas be distributed on the CD for
- your convenience, however, this does not currently
- happen.</para>
+ <para>Before <application>CTM</application>
+ deltas can be used, a starting point for the
+ deltas must be produced from an <quote>empty</quote> directory.
+ An initial <quote>Empty</quote> delta is used to start
+ the local <application>CTM</application>-supported tree.</para>
<para>Since the trees are many tens of megabytes, you should
prefer to start from something already at hand. If you have a
@@ -409,76 +420,11 @@
counter intuitive.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
- </sect2>
-
- <sect2>
- <title>Miscellaneous Stuff</title>
<para>There is a sequence of deltas for the
<literal>ports</literal> collection too, but interest has not
been all that high yet.</para>
</sect2>
-
- <sect2 xml:id="mirrors-ctm">
- <title>CTM Mirrors</title>
-
- <para><link linkend="ctm">CTM</link>/&os; is available via
- anonymous FTP from the following mirror sites. If you choose
- to obtain <application>CTM</application> via anonymous FTP,
- please try to use a site near you.</para>
-
- <para>In case of problems, please contact the &a.ctm-users.name;
- mailing list.</para>
-
- <variablelist>
- <varlistentry>
- <term>California, Bay Area, official source</term>
-
- <listitem>
- <itemizedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
- </listitem>
- </varlistentry>
-
- <varlistentry>
- <term>South Africa, backup server for old deltas</term>
-
- <listitem>
- <itemizedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/">ftp://ftp.za.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CTM/</uri></para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
- </listitem>
- </varlistentry>
-
- <varlistentry>
- <term>Taiwan/R.O.C.</term>
-
- <listitem>
- <itemizedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ctm.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ctm.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ctm2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ctm2.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para><uri xlink:href="ftp://ctm3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/">ftp://ctm3.tw.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/development/CTM/</uri></para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
- </listitem>
- </varlistentry>
- </variablelist>
-
- <para>If you did not find a mirror near to you or the mirror is
- incomplete, try to use a search engine such as <link xlink:href="http://www.alltheweb.com/">alltheweb</link>.</para>
- </sect2>
</sect1>
<sect1 xml:id="svn">
@@ -2507,7 +2453,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
which transfers only the differences between two sets of files,
thus greatly speeding up the synchronization over the network.
This is most useful if you are a mirror site for the
- &os; FTP server, or the CVS repository. The
+ &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym> server, or the CVS repository. The
<application>rsync</application> suite is available for many
operating systems, on &os;, see the
<package>net/rsync</package>
@@ -2523,12 +2469,12 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<para>Available collections:</para>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
- <para>ftp: A partial mirror of the &os; FTP
+ <para>ftp: A partial mirror of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym>
server.</para>
</listitem>
<listitem>
- <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; FTP server.</para>
+ <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</listitem>
@@ -2543,7 +2489,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<para>Available collections:</para>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
- <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; FTP server.</para>
+ <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</listitem>
@@ -2559,7 +2505,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
- <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; FTP server.</para>
+ <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
<listitem>
@@ -2569,7 +2515,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<listitem>
<para>&os;-Archive: The mirror of &os; Archive
- FTP server.</para>
+ <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</listitem>
@@ -2584,7 +2530,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<para>Available collections:</para>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
- <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; FTP server.</para>
+ <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</listitem>
@@ -2603,7 +2549,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<para>Available collections:</para>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
- <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; FTP server.</para>
+ <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</listitem>
@@ -2619,7 +2565,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
<para>ftp.freebsd.org: A full mirror of the &os;
- FTP server.</para>
+ <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</listitem>
@@ -2636,7 +2582,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<para>Available collections:</para>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
- <para>&os;: The master archive of the &os; FTP
+ <para>&os;: The master archive of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym>
server.</para>
</listitem>
@@ -2651,7 +2597,7 @@ usr.bin/</programlisting>
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
- <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; FTP server.</para>
+ <para>&os;: A full mirror of the &os; <acronym>FTP</acronym> server.</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</listitem>